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PUNIC AND GREEK BRONZE COINS FROM.pdf

PUNIC AND GREEK BRONZE COINS FR…

上传者: cesar 2010-04-29 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《PUNIC AND GREEK BRONZE COINS FROMpdf》,可适用于高等教育领域,主题内容包含PunicandGreekBronzeCoinsfromCarthageAuthor(s):PaoloVisonàSource:AmericanJo符等。

PunicandGreekBronzeCoinsfromCarthageAuthor(s):PaoloVisonàSource:AmericanJournalofArchaeology,Vol,No(Oct,),ppPublishedby:ArchaeologicalInstituteofAmericaStableURL:http:wwwjstororgstableAccessed::YouruseoftheJSTORarchiveindicatesyouracceptanceofJSTOR'sTermsandConditionsofUse,availableathttp:wwwjstororgpageinfoaboutpoliciestermsjspJSTOR'sTermsandConditionsofUseprovides,inpart,thatunlessyouhaveobtainedpriorpermission,youmaynotdownloadanentireissueofajournalormultiplecopiesofarticles,andyoumayusecontentintheJSTORarchiveonlyforyourpersonal,noncommercialusePleasecontactthepublisherregardinganyfurtheruseofthisworkPublishercontactinformationmaybeobtainedathttp:wwwjstororgactionshowPublisherpublisherCode=aiaEachcopyofanypartofaJSTORtransmissionmustcontainthesamecopyrightnoticethatappearsonthescreenorprintedpageofsuchtransmissionJSTORisanotforprofitservicethathelpsscholars,researchers,andstudentsdiscover,use,andbuilduponawiderangeofcontentinatrusteddigitalarchiveWeuseinformationtechnologyandtoolstoincreaseproductivityandfacilitatenewformsofscholarshipFormoreinformationaboutJSTOR,pleasecontactsupportjstororgArchaeologicalInstituteofAmericaiscollaboratingwithJSTORtodigitize,preserveandextendaccesstoAmericanJournalofArchaeologyhttp:wwwjstororgARCHAEOLOGICALNOTESARCHAEOLOGICALNOTESoffallensoldiersratherthanthebodiesofreturnedexilesAndifitwascutinasatributetothefallenof,itbecomesevidenceofByzantinesentimentatacriticaljunctureinthedifficultrelationsbetweenthetwogreatpowersOLIVERNICHOLSONHAWTHORNDENCASTLELASSWADE,MIDLOTHIANSCOTLANDPUNICANDGREEKBRONZECOINSFROMCARTHAGE*(P,figs)Sincethebeginningofthe"CampagneInternationaledeSauvegardedeCarthage"in,thenumismaticrecordofPunicCarthagehascomeintosharperfocusAlthoughrelativelyfewPuniccoins,mostlybronze,fromoffallensoldiersratherthanthebodiesofreturnedexilesAndifitwascutinasatributetothefallenof,itbecomesevidenceofByzantinesentimentatacriticaljunctureinthedifficultrelationsbetweenthetwogreatpowersOLIVERNICHOLSONHAWTHORNDENCASTLELASSWADE,MIDLOTHIANSCOTLANDPUNICANDGREEKBRONZECOINSFROMCARTHAGE*(P,figs)Sincethebeginningofthe"CampagneInternationaledeSauvegardedeCarthage"in,thenumismaticrecordofPunicCarthagehascomeintosharperfocusAlthoughrelativelyfewPuniccoins,mostlybronze,from*IwishtothankTVButtrey,JHHumphreyandWEMetcalfforreadinganearlierversionofthisnote,andfortheireditorialcommentsThefollowingabbreviationsareused:BMCCyrESGRobinson,CatalogueoftheGreekCoinsofCyrenaicaintheBritishMuseum(London)CampoMCampo,LasmonedasdeEbusus(Barcelona)GabriciEGabrici,LamonetazionedelbronzonellaSiciliaantica(Palermo)SNGSyllogeNummorumGraecorumSNGCopGKJenkinsed,SNGTheRoyalCollectionofCoinsandMedals,DanishNationalMuseumNorthAfrica,SyrticaMauretania(Copenhagen)SNGCopSicilySNGTheRoyalCollectionofCoinsandMedals,DanishNationalMuseumSicily(Copenhagen)SNGCopSpainGKJenkinsandAKromanneds,SNGTheRoyalCollectionofCoinsandMedals,DanishNationalMuseumSpainGaul(Copenhagen)SeeTVButtrey,"TheCoins,"inJHHumphreyed,ExcavationsatCarthageconductedbytheUniversityofMichigan(Tunis),nosTVButtreyandRBHitchner,"TheCoins,"inJHHumphreyed,ExcavationsatCarthage(AnnArbor),nosWEMetcalfandRBHitchner,"TheCoins,"inJHHumphreyed,ExcavationsatCarthage(NewDelhi),nosWEMetcalf,"TheCoins,"inJHHumphreyed,ExcavationsatCarthage(AnnArbor),nosMKozakiewiczandAKrzyzanowska,inAIciek,AJagodziiski,JKolendoandJPrzenioslo,CarthageCirqueCollineditedeJunonDouarChottRecherchesarcheologiquesetgeophysiquespolonaiseseffectueesen(Wroclaw),SLancel,"LesecteurA(),"inMissionarcheoloAmericanJournalofArchaeology()*IwishtothankTVButtrey,JHHumphreyandWEMetcalfforreadinganearlierversionofthisnote,andfortheireditorialcommentsThefollowingabbreviationsareused:BMCCyrESGRobinson,CatalogueoftheGreekCoinsofCyrenaicaintheBritishMuseum(London)CampoMCampo,LasmonedasdeEbusus(Barcelona)GabriciEGabrici,LamonetazionedelbronzonellaSiciliaantica(Palermo)SNGSyllogeNummorumGraecorumSNGCopGKJenkinsed,SNGTheRoyalCollectionofCoinsandMedals,DanishNationalMuseumNorthAfrica,SyrticaMauretania(Copenhagen)SNGCopSicilySNGTheRoyalCollectionofCoinsandMedals,DanishNationalMuseumSicily(Copenhagen)SNGCopSpainGKJenkinsandAKromanneds,SNGTheRoyalCollectionofCoinsandMedals,DanishNationalMuseumSpainGaul(Copenhagen)SeeTVButtrey,"TheCoins,"inJHHumphreyed,ExcavationsatCarthageconductedbytheUniversityofMichigan(Tunis),nosTVButtreyandRBHitchner,"TheCoins,"inJHHumphreyed,ExcavationsatCarthage(AnnArbor),nosWEMetcalfandRBHitchner,"TheCoins,"inJHHumphreyed,ExcavationsatCarthage(NewDelhi),nosWEMetcalf,"TheCoins,"inJHHumphreyed,ExcavationsatCarthage(AnnArbor),nosMKozakiewiczandAKrzyzanowska,inAIciek,AJagodziiski,JKolendoandJPrzenioslo,CarthageCirqueCollineditedeJunonDouarChottRecherchesarcheologiquesetgeophysiquespolonaiseseffectueesen(Wroclaw),SLancel,"LesecteurA(),"inMissionarcheoloAmericanJournalofArchaeology()thenewinternationalcampaignhavebeenfullypublished,significantdatahavealreadybeenprovidedbyTVButtrey,RBHitchnerandWEMetcalfinreportsonthecoinsfoundbythesecondAmericanteam(UniversityofMichigan)PunicspecimenshavealsobeenreportedbythePolish,French(directedbySLancel),Danish,FrenchCanadianandBritishteamsInthelightofthisevidence,somepreliminaryconclusionscannowbedrawnAtabulationofthePunicbronzecoinsfromtheUniversityofMichiganexcavationsinandtheFrenchexcavationsinindicatesthatsomeoftheearliestissues,suchasSNGCop,and,circulatedatCarthage(pl,figs),andsuggeststhattheSNGCopcoinswereprobablythemostnumerousamongthem(seeTableA,p)TheimpressionsgivenbythisadmittedlysmallbodyofmaterialareconfirmedbyasurveyofunpublishedPunicspecimensfromtheexcavationsofthefirstAmerican(UniversityofChicago),GermanandItalianteamsOnthewhole,itisclearthattheSNGCopissuescomprisethelargestgroupofallthePunicbronzecoinsfoundatCarthagebytheinternationalcampaigngiquefrancaiseaCarthageByrsaRapportspreliminairesdesfouilles()(Rome),,,SLancelandJPThuillier,"Rapportpreliminairesurlacampagnede(niveauxpuniques),"Mission,,AKromannBalling,inJLund,AKromannBalling,TCBroandSTrolle,"Decouvertesd'objetsenceramiqueetdepiecesdemonnaie,"inSDietzandSTrolle,PremierrapportpreliminairesurlesfouillesdanoisesaCarthageLescampagnesdeet(Copenhagen)LGuimond,"Lesmonnaiesdescampagneset,"inPSenayetal,"CarthageIII,"CahiersdesEtudesAnciennes()LGuimond,"Monnaiesdescampagneset,"inPSenayetal,"CarthageV,"CahiersdesEtudesAnciennes()RReece,"Coins,"inHRHurstandSPRoskams,ExcavationsatCarthage:theBritishMissionTheAvenueduPresidentHabibBourguiba,Salammbo:TheSiteandFindsotherthanPottery(Sheffield)IamgratefultoJHHumphreyandWEMetcalfforunpublishedinformationonthePuniccoinsfoundintheandseasons,whichconsistofSNGCop,SNGCop,SNGCop,SNGCop(billon)andSNGCopGKJenkinshasgenerouslyallowedmetoconsultamanuscriptbyPGandolpheinwhichunpublishedPunicbronzecoinsfromtheFrenchexcavationsin(Byrsa,secteursAandB)arelistedThesespecimensareSNGCop,SNGCop,SNGCop,SNGCop,SNGCopandSNGCopJWBetlyonhaskindlyprovidedmewithinformationonthePunicbronzespecimensfoundbytheSemiticMuseumOrientalInstituteexcavationsinIwishtothankHRBaldusforallowingmetoexaminethePunicbronzecoinsfromtheGermanexcavationsof,andhisownnotesonthem,whichheispreparingforpublicationForadiscussionofsomeofthesecoinfinds,seeHRBaldus,DeutscherNumismatikertagMuinchen(Munich)DataonthePunicbronzecoinsfoundintheItalianexcavationsinwereobtainedthroughGKJenkins'assistancethenewinternationalcampaignhavebeenfullypublished,significantdatahavealreadybeenprovidedbyTVButtrey,RBHitchnerandWEMetcalfinreportsonthecoinsfoundbythesecondAmericanteam(UniversityofMichigan)PunicspecimenshavealsobeenreportedbythePolish,French(directedbySLancel),Danish,FrenchCanadianandBritishteamsInthelightofthisevidence,somepreliminaryconclusionscannowbedrawnAtabulationofthePunicbronzecoinsfromtheUniversityofMichiganexcavationsinandtheFrenchexcavationsinindicatesthatsomeoftheearliestissues,suchasSNGCop,and,circulatedatCarthage(pl,figs),andsuggeststhattheSNGCopcoinswereprobablythemostnumerousamongthem(seeTableA,p)TheimpressionsgivenbythisadmittedlysmallbodyofmaterialareconfirmedbyasurveyofunpublishedPunicspecimensfromtheexcavationsofthefirstAmerican(UniversityofChicago),GermanandItalianteamsOnthewhole,itisclearthattheSNGCopissuescomprisethelargestgroupofallthePunicbronzecoinsfoundatCarthagebytheinternationalcampaigngiquefrancaiseaCarthageByrsaRapportspreliminairesdesfouilles()(Rome),,,SLancelandJPThuillier,"Rapportpreliminairesurlacampagnede(niveauxpuniques),"Mission,,AKromannBalling,inJLund,AKromannBalling,TCBroandSTrolle,"Decouvertesd'objetsenceramiqueetdepiecesdemonnaie,"inSDietzandSTrolle,PremierrapportpreliminairesurlesfouillesdanoisesaCarthageLescampagnesdeet(Copenhagen)LGuimond,"Lesmonnaiesdescampagneset,"inPSenayetal,"CarthageIII,"CahiersdesEtudesAnciennes()LGuimond,"Monnaiesdescampagneset,"inPSenayetal,"CarthageV,"CahiersdesEtudesAnciennes()RReece,"Coins,"inHRHurstandSPRoskams,ExcavationsatCarthage:theBritishMissionTheAvenueduPresidentHabibBourguiba,Salammbo:TheSiteandFindsotherthanPottery(Sheffield)IamgratefultoJHHumphreyandWEMetcalfforunpublishedinformationonthePuniccoinsfoundintheandseasons,whichconsistofSNGCop,SNGCop,SNGCop,SNGCop(billon)andSNGCopGKJenkinshasgenerouslyallowedmetoconsultamanuscriptbyPGandolpheinwhichunpublishedPunicbronzecoinsfromtheFrenchexcavationsin(Byrsa,secteursAandB)arelistedThesespecimensareSNGCop,SNGCop,SNGCop,SNGCop,SNGCopandSNGCopJWBetlyonhaskindlyprovidedmewithinformationonthePunicbronzespecimensfoundbytheSemiticMuseumOrientalInstituteexcavationsinIwishtothankHRBaldusforallowingmetoexaminethePunicbronzecoinsfromtheGermanexcavationsof,andhisownnotesonthem,whichheispreparingforpublicationForadiscussionofsomeofthesecoinfinds,seeHRBaldus,DeutscherNumismatikertagMuinchen(Munich)DataonthePunicbronzecoinsfoundintheItalianexcavationsinwereobtainedthroughGKJenkins'assistanceAMERICANJOURNALOFARCHAEOLOGYTABLEA:PunicBronzeCoinsfoundatCarthagebytheSecondAmericanTeamandbytheFrenchTeamSNGCopMichiganExcavationsFrenchExcavationsTotalTotalThesecoinsbearamalehead,wearingawreathofwheatandanearring,normallyfacingleftontheobverse,andahorseprancingtotherightonthereverseMostofthemhaveabulletflan,andseemtohavebeenstruckinatleasttwodistinctdenominations,ranginginmodulefromtomm(SNGCop)andfromtomm(SNGCop),whichprobablyrepresentunitsandquarterfractionsTheaverageweightofSNGCopintheMqabba(Malta)hoard(g),andthatofSNGCop(g),wouldsupportthisconclusionSomeSNGCopissueswithopencastflansandbevellededgesarealsoknowntheyaregenerallylighterinweight,aresubstantiallylessnumerSeeGKJenkins,RivistadiStudiFenici,Suppl()ThecoincollectionoftheMuseeduBardocontainsSNGCop,twoofwhich,infinecondition,weighandg(size:mm)IowethesedatatothekindnessofMFantarandMEnnaifer,DirecteurduMuseeduBardoAspecimenfoundintheUniversityofMichiganexcavationsweighsg(size:mm):seeMetcalf(supran)Carthage,,noThreeSNGCopintheCabinetdesMdailles,saidtohavebeenfoundatCarthage,weigh(aftercleaning),andgrespectively(nosRsizes:,,mm)cfBFischer,Lesmonnaiesous,andmayhavebeenstrucklaterthanthecoinswithadumpyfabricThediffusionanddatingofSNGCop,aswellastheiriconographyandstyle,haverecentlybeendiscussedbyGKJenkinsHehasproposedthatthisseriesofcoinsbedatedafterBCandhastentativelyassignedittoaPunicmintinSicilywhoseidentitycannotyet,inhisview,bedeterminedATusaCutroni,furthermore,hascalledattentiontothefactthattheseissueswerestruckwithloosediesinordershebelievestoruleoutanyattributiontoCarthage,whosegoldandelectrumcoinsmintedfromcaBConwardhavearegulardiealignmentShehasstressedtheconcentrationoffindsinantiquesd'AfriqueduNordtrouveesenGaule=GalliaSuppl(Paris)SeealsothespecimenspublishedbyATusaCutroni,SiciliaArcheologica(September),no(fromSicily)andJenkins(supran)(unprovenanced)AnunprovenancedSNGCopinthecollectionoftheAmericanNumismaticSocietyweighsg(size:mm)CfSNGCopandTHackensed,SNGGraceCollectionRenaHEvelpidis,AthenesItalieSicileThrace(Louvain)'Jenkins(supran)AJAARCHAEOLOGICALNOTESsouthwesternSicilyasanindicationthatthistypeofcoinwasmintedlocally,possiblyatSelinous,inthefirstquarterofthefourthcenturyBC,andthusrepresentstheearliestPunicbronzeseriesYetwhileTusaCutroni'sdatingmaybesupportedbythearchaeologicalevidencefromSelinousandLilybaeum,someofherothercommentsarequestionableSincetheearliestCarthaginiansilverandgoldcoins(mintedcaBCandcaBCrespectively)werestruckwithloosedies,thesamepracticewouldhavebeenadoptedforthebronzeMoreover,itiscertainthattheSNGCopissuesplayedalargerroleatCarthagethanhashithertobeensupposedEventhoughonlyasmallsampleofallthePuniccurrencyfoundatCarthagebeforehasbeenadequatelyreported,thepreponderanceofSNGCopspecimensisalsoclearfromthereportsprovidedbyALDelattrebetweenand:ofthePunicbronzecoinsthathedescribedindetail,belongtothisseriesDelattrealsorecordedthediscoveryinPunicburialsofatleasttwoassemblagesofSNGCop,ranginginmodulefromtommandfromtommrespectively,whichwouldprovethatonlytwodenominationswereinuseAsurveyofthecoincollectionintheMuseeLavigerie(todayMuseedeCarthage)byESGRobinsonin,threeyearsafterDelattre'sdeath,yieldedspecimensofthistypeofcoin,ofwhichweresmalldenominations,inadditiontothreeseparatelotsofSNGCop,mostlyderivingfromtombsexcavatedbyDelattreAlthoughRobinson'sdatacannotbepresentlyverified,theyrevealthatmoreofthesecoinshavebeenunearthedatCarthagethanatanyotherMediterraneanTusaCutroni,RIN()CfRMartin,Kokalos()vol,ATusaCutroni,RivistadiStudiFenici,Suppl()SeeGKJenkinsandRBLewis,CarthaginianGoldandElectrumCoins(London)Jenkins,SNR()ALDelattre,BAC,LeCosmosRevuedesSciencesetdeleursapplicationstomeno(July)no(August),tomeno(March)tomeno(July)no(July)"CarthageNcropolePuniquevoisinedeSainteMoniqueDeuxiemesemestredesfouilles(juilletdcembre),"offprintfromLeCosmosCRAI,CRAI,BAC,CRAI,CRAI,CRAI,AgroupofcoinsfromasingleburiallumpedtogetherbyoxidationconsistedofSNGCop(size:mm)SNGCop(size:mm)andSNGCop(size:mm)anaggregateofcoinsfoundinsideasarcophagusincludedSNGCop(size:tommtotalweight:g)andSNGCop(size:mmtotalweight:g):cfALDelattre,LeCosmostomeno(March)andBAC,GKJenkinshasgenerouslymadeavailabletomeacopyofESGRobinson'smanuscriptnotesonPuniccoinsinNorthAfricancollectionsRobinsonsawSNGCopandSNGCopinthetraysoftheMuseLavigerie,andherecordedSNGCop,fractionsandspecimenstobeidentifiedeitherasSNGCoporasSNGCop,fromunsortedcoinfindsfromDelattre'sexcavationsTwooftheaggregatesofPunicbronzecurrencydescr

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