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首页 钢结构设计手册

钢结构设计手册

钢结构设计手册

查理
2010-04-29 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《钢结构设计手册pdf》,可适用于经济金融领域

STEELDESIGNERS’GORENCTINYOUSYAMHANDBOOKBRANKORONARUNThisseventh,thoroughlyupdatededitionofSteelDesigners’Handbookwillbeaninvaluabletooltoallpractisingstructuralengineers,aswellasengineeringstudentsItintroducesthemainconceptsrelatingtodesigninsteelandreplacesthesixthedition,publishedinThiseditionhasbeenpreparedinresponsetothenewstructuralDesignActionsStandard,ASANZ,aswellasfeedbackfromusersItisbasedonAustralianStandard(AS):andprovidesaddedbackgroundtothatStandardThebookmakesextensiveuseofworkednumericalexamplestodemonstratethemethodsofcalculatingthecapacitiesofstructuralelementsTheseexampleshavebeenextensivelyrevisedfromthepreviousedition,withfurtherexamplesaddedTheworkedexamplesarecrossreferencedtotherelevantclausesinAS:Betweenthem,theauthorshaveclosetoyears’experienceofsolvingengineeringproblemsAllthreehavepractisedinallphasesofthedesignandspecificationsofsteelstructuresrangingfromcommercialtoinstitutionalstructureswhiletwo,ArunSyamandBrankoGorenc,haveservedonnumerousStandardAustraliacommitteesrelatedtosteelconstructionUNSWPRESSSTEELDESIGNERS’GORENCTINYOUSYAMUNSWPRESSHANDBOOKEDITIONEDITIONsteeldesigncoverindd::PMSTEELDESIGNERS’HANDBOOKBRANKOEGORENCisaFellowofTheInstitutionofEngineers,Australia,andholdsadegreeinCivilEngineeringfromtheUniversityofZagreb,CroatiaHehasbeenpractisinginthefieldofstructuralsteeldesignforfourdecades,gainingconsiderableexpertiseintheareasofconceptualframingdesignandanalysis,memberandconnectiondesignHehasdesignedandledtheteamofdesignersinarangeofnotablestructuresforbulkstorage,sportsfacilities,widebodiedaircrafthangarsandsteelframedbuildingsforcommerceandindustryRONTINYOUholdstheDegreeofBachelorinEngineeringfromtheUniversityofSydneyHeisamemberofTheInstitutionofEngineers,AustraliaRonhaspractisedmainlyinstructuralengineeringoverawiderangeofindustrialandhydraulicstructuresSubsequentlyhewasappointedSeniorHeadTeacherattheSydneyInstituteofTechnologyteachingstructuralengineeringandasalecturerattheUniversityofTechnology,Sydney,specialisinginsteelstructuresARUNASYAMholdsBachelorandMastersdegreesinengineeringfromtheUniversityofSydney,isaCorporateMemberofTheInstitutionofEngineers,AustraliaandhasaCertificateinArcWeldingFollowinghisstudieshewasemployedasaStructuralDesignEngineerwithseveralengineeringfirmsandhasheldallseniortechnicalpositionswiththeAustralianInstituteofSteelConstruction(nowAustralianSteelInstitute)Hehassignificantinvolvementwithsteeldesignandfabrication,StandardsAustralia,nationalsteelissues,industrypublicationssoftware,weldercertificationandlecturingonsteelworkaroundtheworldArunhasauthoredandeditednumerouswellknownsteelworkpublicationsandiscurrentlytheExecutiveManagerApplicationsEngineeringMarketingofSmorgonSteelTubeMillsEDITIONSDHBFinal:PMPageiSDHBFinal:PMPageiiSTEELDESIGNERS’HANDBOOKEDITIONUNSWPRESSBRANKOGORENC,RONTINYOUARUNSYAMSDHBFinal:PMPageiiiAUNSWPressbookPublishedbyUniversityofNewSouthWalesPressLtdUniversityofNewSouthWalesSydneyNSWAUSTRALIAwwwunswpresscomau©BEGorenc,RTinyouandAASyamFirstpublishedSecondeditionThirdeditionFourtheditionFifthedition,reprintedwithminorrevisionsSixthedition,reprinted,SeventheditionThisbookiscopyrightApartfromanyfairdealingforthepurposeofprivatestudy,research,criticismorreview,aspermittedundertheCopyrightAct,nopartmaybereproducedbyanyprocesswithoutwrittenpermissionInquiriesshouldbeaddressedtothepublisherNationalLibraryofAustraliaCataloguinginPublicationentry:Gorenc,BE(BrankoEdward)Steeldesigners’handbookthedIncludesindexISBNSteel,StructuralStructuraldesignITinyou,R(Ronald)IISyam,ArunIIITitleDesign,typesettinganddiagramsDiZignPtyLtdPrinterBPACoverphotographsCreditsonpageDisclaimerAllreasonablecarewastakentoensuretheaccuracyandcorrectinterpretationoftheprovisionsoftherelevantstandardsandthematerialpresentedinthispublicationTotheextentpermittedbylaw,theauthors,editorsandpublishersofthispublication:(a)willnotbeheldliableinanyway,and(b)expresslydisclaimanyliabilityorresponsibilityforanyloss,damage,costsorexpensesincurredinconnectionwiththispublicationbyanyperson,whetherthatpersonisthepurchaserofthispublicationornotWithoutlimitationsthisincludesloss,damage,costsandexpensesincurredifanypersonwhollyorpartiallyreliesonanypartofthispublication,andloss,damage,costsandexpensesincurredasaresultofnegligenceoftheauthors,editorsandpublishersWarningThispublicationisnotintendedtobeusedwithoutreferenceto,oraworkingknowledgeof,theappropriatecurrentAustralianandAustralianNewZealandStandards,andshouldnotbeusedbypersonswithoutthoroughprofessionaltraininginthespecialisedfieldscoveredhereinorpersonsundersupervisorslackingthistrainingSDHBFinal:PMPageivPrefaceixchapterIntroductionDevelopmentsinsteelstructuresEngineeringdesignprocessStandardsandcodesofpracticeGeneralstructuraldesignprinciplesLimitstatesdesignmethodCombinationofactionsStrengthlimitstateServiceabilitylimitstateOtherlimitstatesOtherfeaturesofASCriteriaforeconomicaldesignanddetailingDesignaidsGlossaryoflimitstatesdesigntermsFurtherreadingchapterMaterialDesignRequirementsSteelproductsPhysicalpropertiesofsteelSteeltypesandgradesScopeofmaterialanddesigncodesMaterialpropertiesandcharacteristicsinASStrengthlimitstatecapacityreductionfactorφBrittlefractureFurtherreadingchapterDesignActionsGeneralPermanentactionsImposedactionsWindactionsEarthquakeactionsOtheractionsNotionalhorizontalforcesContentsSDHBFinal:PMPagevTemperatureactionsSiloloadsCraneandhoistloadsDesignactioncombinationsFurtherreadingchapterStructuralAnalysisCalculationofdesignactioneffectsFormsofstructurevsanalysismethodCalculationofsecondordereffectsMomentamplificationmethodindetailElasticflexuralbucklingloadofamemberCalculationoffactorforunequalendmomentscmExamplesSummaryFurtherreadingchapterBeamsGirdersTypesofmemberssubjecttobendingFlexuralmemberbehaviourBendingmomentcapacityBeamsegmentsandrestraintsDetaileddesignprocedureMonosymmetricalIsectionbeamsBiaxialbendingandbendingwithaxialforceWebshearcapacityandwebstiffenersCompositesteelandconcretesystemsDesignforserviceabilityDesignforeconomyExamplesFurtherreadingchapterCompressionBeamColumnMembersTypesofcompressionmembersMembersloadedonlyaxiallyDesignofbeamcolumnsStrutsintriangulatedstructuresBattenedandlacedstrutsCompositesteelandconcretecolumnsRestrainingsystemsforcolumnsandbeamcolumnsEconomyinthedesignExamplesFurtherreadingviSTEELDESIGNERS’HANDBOOKviSTEELDESIGNERS’HANDBOOKSDHBFinal:PMPagevichapterTensionMembersTypesoftensionmembersTypesofconstructionEvaluationofloadeffectsVerificationofmembercapacityEndconnectionfastenersanddetailingSteelrodsSteelwireropesExamplesFurtherreadingchapterConnectionsConnectionanddetaildesignBoltedconnectionsDesignandverificationofboltedconnectionsConnectedplateelementsWeldedconnectionsTypesofweldedjointsStructuraldesignofsimpleweldsAnalysisofweldgroupsDesignofconnectionsasawholeMiscellaneousconnectionsExamplesFurtherreadingchapterPlasticDesignBasicconceptsPlasticanalysisMemberdesignBeamsBeamcolumnsDeflectionsPortalframeanalysisExamplesFurtherreadingchapterStructuralFramingIntroductionMilltypebuildingsRooftrussesPortalframesSteelframesforlowrisebuildingsPurlinsandgirtsCONTENTSviiSDHBFinal:PMPageviiFloorsystemsforindustrialbuildingsCranerunwaygirdersDeflectionlimitsFireresistanceFatigueCorrosionprotectionFurtherreadingAppendixABibliographyAContentsAStandardandcodesAReferencesAComputersoftwareASteelmanufacturersupplierwebsitesASteelindustryassociationwebsitesAppendixBElasticDesignMethodBContentsBIntroductionBElasticsectionpropertiesBBiaxialandtriaxialstressesBStressesinconnectionelementsBUnsymmetricalbendingBBeamssubjecttotorsionBFurtherreadingAppendixCDesignAidsCContentsCBeamformulae:Moments,shearforcesdeflectionsCSectionpropertiesASdesignsectioncapacitiesCMiscellaneouscrosssectionparametersCInformationonotherconstructionmaterialsCGeneralformulaemiscellaneousCConversionfactorsNotationIndexviiiSTEELDESIGNERS’HANDBOOKviiiSTEELDESIGNERS’HANDBOOKSDHBFinal:PMPageviiiTheseventh,thoroughlyupdatededitionoftheSteelDesigners’HandbookwaspreparedinresponsetotherevisionoftheAustralianSteelStructuresStandard(AS)andthelatestreleaseoftheLoadingCodes(previouslyASandnowrenamedasStructuralDesignActionsieASNZS)ThemagnitudeofrevisionsandnewterminologywassuchthatthefirstthreechaptersofthetexthadtoberewrittenAnadditionalimpetusforwidereachingrevisionsofthetextwasthethreesubstantialamendmentstoASandchangesinrelatedStandards(egwelding,bolting,galvanizing,etc)Finally,theupdatedliteratureonthesubjectandreaders’feedbackhighlightedotherareasforclarificationorimprovementThedesignofsteelstructuresbythelimitstatesdesignmethodmaybeseentobeasomewhatcomplexsubject,andacorrectinterpretationandapplicationofcodeprovisionsisrequiredforsuccessfuloutcomesThisHandbookisnotintendedtobeaselfstanding‘parallel’steeldesigncodeTheauthorsrecommendthatreaderstakethistextasadirectoryandguide,andsubsequentlyrefertoAS,itsCommentaryandrelatedStandards,forafullappreciationofcurrentstructuralsteeldesignrequirementsThistextisintendedtocoverenoughmaterialtoenabledesignofeverydaystructuralframes,membersandconnectionsAnexpandedlistofrelatedStandardsandanextensivelyreworkedbibliographyisincludedinAppendixACombinedwiththereferenceslistedintheStandards,thisshouldprovidearichbackgroundtovariousdesignmethodsandsolutionsSomerearrangementofmaterialinthesixtheditionhasbeennecessaryforconvenienceTheelasticdesignmethodinAppendixBnowcontainstheelastictorsiondesignmethodsthatwerepreviouslyfoundinChapter(thoughthereisalsosomeconsiderationofplasticlimitstatestorsiondesign)ThematerialonbrittlefracturewasexpandedandplacedinChapterandthefatiguesectionhasbeenexpandedandplacedinChapterAppendixBnowcoversbasicworkingstressdesigntheoryandtorsiondesignAlotofefforthasbeenexpendedinpreparingadditionalnumericalexamplesandrevisingothersExamplesarenowcrossreferencedtoclausesinAS,otherStandards,designaidsandrelatedmaterialforeasierinterpretationDuringthewritingofthiseditionoftheHandbook,theBuildingCodeofAustralianotedthatthepreexistingASseriesofLoadingStandardswererunninginparallelwiththenewerASNZSseriesofStructuralDesignActions(foratransitionperiod)TheeffectofthishasmeantthefollowingfortheHandbook:•Thereareslightlydifferingloadfactors,suggesteddeflectionlimits(ASusedAppendixBofAS)andnotionalhorizontalforceswhicharesubsequentlynotedintherelevantpartsofthetextwithadditionalcommentTheloadfactorcalculationsutilisedintheHandbookarethoselistedinASNZS•Thereisaninterplayoftheterms‘load’and‘action’,andbothtermsareusedinterchangeably•AS(ieAS)notationfordesignactioneffectsanddesigncapacitiesareusedinlieuofASNZSnotationPrefaceSDHBFinal:PMPageixSomeothernotablechangesandadditionstotheHandbookinclude:•Asectionon‘Furtherreading’placedattheendofeachChapterwhichlistsadditionalreferencesshouldextradetailedorbackgroundinformationberequired•AnexpandedandcomprehensivelistofsteeldesignandrelatedStandards•Anexpanded,comprehensiveandupdatedbibliography•Anewmethodofreferencingitemslistedinthebibliography(iebyAuthor(s)PublishersnamethenyearegGorencTinyou)•Significantusereferencetootherkeydesignaidsandpublications(egAustralianSteelInstituteDesignCapacityTables,etc)forquickdesigncalculations•Tips,shortcutsanddesignfabricationeconomicspresentedwherepossible•UsefullinksandreferencestootherStandards,websites,manufacturersandsuppliersinthesteelconstructionandrelatedindustries(noothersimilarhardboundpublicationprovidesthisconsolidatedinformation)•ItemsofconflictlistedbetweenStandardsandpractice•AnallencompassingsummaryoftheAustralian(andsomepartsoftheNewZealand)steeldesign,specification,fabrication,etc,scene(includingfire,fatigue,fabrication,etcissues)somethingnotofferedbyothersimilarpublicationsThefollowingpointsshouldalsobenotedwhenusingtheHandbook:•Asisnormalpractice,andinlinewiththetypicalprecisionofdatausedinstructuraldesign,allcalculationsandworkedexamplesaregenerallydonetothree()significantfigureshencetheremaybesomeveryminornumericalroundingwhencomparingcalculatedorlistedvalueswiththoseinotherreferences•Linearinterpolationoftablesmaygenerallybeundertaken•Theworkedexamplesareforillustrativepurposesandconsequentlysomemaydepartfromactualdetailpractice(egboltthreadsexcludedfromtheshearplane,useofnonstandardsteelgrades,etc)•DuetotherevisionoftheeditionofASfromitspredecessor,thegeneralnotationusedforthe‘length’termshaschangedfromLtolInmostinstances,theHandbookreferstol,however,duetootherreferences,bothtypesof‘length’notationareusedinterchangeably•Section,FigureandTablenumbersintheHandbookarereferencedwithanumberinthetextwhereasSection,FigureandTablenumbersinotherreferences(egAS)aredulynotedwiththespecificreference•MostvariablesforanequationortermaredefinedneartherespectiveequationtermHowever,duetospacelimitations,insomeinstancesundefinedvariablesarenotlisted(astheymaybeselfevident),thoughthereadermayfindthesubstantial‘Notation’sectionatthebackoftheHandbookusefulshouldvariablesrequiredefiningBasedonfeedbackovermanyyears,theauthorsbelievetheseventheditionshouldbeofvaluableassistancetoengineeringstudentsandpractisingengineersalikeHowever,intheinterestsofongoingimprovement,andasnotedinthepreviouseditions,commentsandsuggestionsfromreadersarealwayswelcomeLastly,theauthorsalsogratefullyacknowledgethesupport,assistanceandpatienceprovidedbytheirfamiliesaswellasRussellWatkins,SimeonOng,SmorgonSteelTubeMillsandUniversityofNewSouthWalesPressinthedevelopmentofthiseditionoftheHandbookArunSyamdedicateshisinvolvementtohiseversupportivefather,BijonSyam,whopassedawayduringthefinalstagesoftheHandbook’sproductionBEGorenc,RTinyouandAASyamxSTEELDESIGNERS’HANDBOOKSDHBFinal:PMPagexDevelopmentsinsteelstructuresEarlysteelstructuresinbridges,industrialbuildings,sportsstadiaandexhibitionbuildingswerefullyexposedAtthetimenospecialconsiderationhadbeengiventoaestheticsTheformofastructurewasdrivenbyitsfunctionRivetedconnectionshadacertainappealwithoutanyfurthertreatmentAstheuseofsteelspreadintocommercial,institutionalandresidentialbuildingswiththeirtraditionalmasonryfacades,thesteelstructureassuchwasnolongeraprincipalmodellingelementandbecameutilitarian,merelyaframeworkofbeamsandcolumnsTheroleofsteelstartedtochangewiththetrendtowardslighterenvelopes,largerspans,andthegrowingnumberofsportsandcivicfacilitiesinwhichstructuralsteelhadanundisputedadvantageOutstandinglightweightstructureshavebeenconstructedinthepastfourdecadesStructuralframingexposedtofullviewhastakenmanyforms,includingspaceframes,barrelvaults,cablestayedandcablenetroofsThetrendcontinuesunabatedwithincreasingboldnessandinnovationbydesignersThehighvisibilityofstructuralframinghasbroughtaboutaneedformoreaestheticallypleasingconnections,wherethearchitectmightoutlineafamilyofconnectiontypesInthisinstance,standardisationonaprojecttoprojectbasisispreferredtouniversallyappliedstandardconnectionsStructuraldesignersanddraftershavebeenunderpressuretoreexaminetheirconnectiondesignPinjointsoftenreplaceboltedconnections,simplytoavoidassociationwithindustrialtypejointsIncreasingly,DcomputermodellingandscalemodelsareusedforbettervisualisationWelldesignedconnectionsneednotbemoreexpensivebecausefabricationtoolshavebecomemoreversatileEvenso,itisnecessarytokeepcostsdownthroughsimplicityofdetailingandthemaximumpossiblerepetitionInmanyothersituations,structuralsteelworkisalsousedin‘nonvisible’(egbehindfinishes),industrialandresourceapplicationsIntheseinstance

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