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首页 初中重要短语

初中重要短语.doc

初中重要短语

123qwe
2010-04-10 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《初中重要短语doc》,可适用于小学教育领域

初中重要短语句型惯用法Therebe结构  a这是英语中常见的一种结构表示“某地有某物”其含义为“存在有”。 egTherearetwentygirlsinourclasshave也解释为“有”但是与therebe有区别它的含义是“所有属有”其主语为某人。egIhaveanicewatch           bTherebe结构中的be动词要和后面所跟名词保持一致。                     cThereisarivernearourschool否:Thereisnotarivernearourschool问:Istherearivernearourschool回答:Yes,thereisNo,thereisn’t划⑴Howmanyriversaretherenearourschool  ⑵What’snearourschool                dtherebe结构的一般将来时同学们较难掌握其正确形式为:thereisgoingtobe                    e反意疑问句的构成:Thereisnowaterintheglass,isthere①ThereisgoingtoafootballmatchthisafternoonAhave  Bwatch  Cbe  Dplay②TheyweresurethattheyweregoingtoarestAbe  Bhave  Cbeon  Don                     so,neither引导的倒装句,为了避免和前一句话的内容重复英语中习惯用so,neither引导的倒装句。  aSobe(助动词情态动词)主语。表示某人也是如此。egMikehasboughtsomeforeignstamps     SohasBob=Bobhasboughtsome,too                bNeitherbe(助动词情态动词)+主语表示某人也不。egMotherhasneverbeentoJapan       NeitherhasFather=FatherhasneverbeentoJapan,either                       cSo+主语+be(助动词情态动词)。表示果真如此(赞同),请同学们与a区别。egA:Mikeisrightintheclassroom    B:Soheis=Heisreallyintheclassroom                It’s时间since动词过去式。自从起已有时间了。  ⑴It’stwoweekssincewemetlast(自从我们上次见面已有两个星期了)  ⑵HowlongisitsinceweleftBeijing(自从我们离开北京已有多久了                      祈使句and(那么)egGostraightonandyou’llseeaschool=Ifyougostraighton,you’llseeaschool                 祈使句or否则egWorkhard,oryouwillfallbehindtheotherstudents =Ifyoudon’tworkhard,you’llfallbehindtheother                     The比较级the比较级越越 eg⑴Themore,thebetter越多越好。 ⑵Theharderyouworkonit,thebetteryou’llbeatit(你越用功你就越好。)                        Howdoyoulikethefilm =Whatdoyouthinkofthefilm(你认为这部电影怎样?)   Whatdowith怎样对付怎样处理  虽然中文为怎样我们绝不可照字面翻译为howegA:Whathaveyoudonewiththelibrarybook    B:I’vejustreturnedittothelibrary   Idon’tknowwhattodo我不知道该怎么办?  Idon’tknowhowtodo×   Whatbelike是什么样的?eg⑴What’stheweatherlike天气如何?     ⑵What’syourschoollike你们学校是什么样的?   Whatfor为何目的?为什么?egWhatdoyouwantasciencelabfor=Whydoyouwantasciencelab   oneof最高级+复数最之一egMissZhaoisoneofthemostpopularteachers   findit形容词todo egIfinditusefultolearnEnglishwell(我发觉学好英语是很有用的)     find宾语名词   egIfindhimagoodboy(我发现他是个好男孩)    find宾语形容词  egIfindthedooropenclosed(我发现门开关着)             Ifindourbagsfilledwithfullofpresents(我发现我们的包装满了礼物)   Idon’tthink肯定句我想不egIdon’tthinkI’lltakeit(我想我不买它了)请注意:中文意思否定在从句中,但是英语的表达否定在主句中。   preferAtoB=likeAbetterthanB更喜欢A不怎么喜欢BegIpreferfishtochicken=Ilikefishbetterthanchicken   hadbetterdosth最好干某事否定:hadbetternotdosth特别注意:hadbetter后面跟be动词词组,不可漏掉beegYou’dbettercatchatrainYou’dbetternottalkinclassYou’dbetternotbelatefortheclass   Itisgood(nice)of宾格todosthegItisverygoodofyoutoteachmeEnglish(你教我英语真是太好了)   Ittakessbsometimetodosth(干某事化费某人多少时间)    =sbspendsometimeonsth(in)doingsth egIttookmehalfanhourtodothework =Ispenthalfanhourindoingthework   sbpay钱for物某物化费了某人多少钱 =sbspend钱on物 =物costsb钱   pay的过去式为paid而不是payedegIpaidthirtyyuanforthecoat =Ispentthirtyyuanonthecoat  =Thecoatcostmethirtyyuan   havebeento某人曾去过某地,现在人不在那儿     sbhavebeenin地点某人呆在某地(一段时间)    havegoneto某人已去某地,人不在这儿   ⑴too…形容词(副词)to…"太…而不能""太…以致于不"eg①Thebasketistooheavyformetocarry这篮子太重我拿不动。    ②ThiscolourTVistooexpensiveforustobuy这台彩电对我们来说太贵了买不起。    ⑵sothat如此以致于上面的tooto结构的句子可以换成sothat引导的句子转换。①ThebasketissoheavythatIcan’tcarryit②ThiscolourTVissoexpensivethatwecan’taffordit                What’sthepopulationof人口有多少?   不说Howmuchpopulationin形容人口数量的大用largeegThepopulationofChinaistentimesaslargeasthatoftheUSA                I’vecometoreturnyourpan(我跑来是还你锅的) →Whyhaveyoucome而不用What                 notuntil(连词)方才才egHesaysthathewon’tbefreeuntiltomorrow他说他需到明天方才有空。  肯定句+until到egYou’dbetterwaituntiltomorrow(你最好等到明天)                    neithernor既不也不    eitheror或者或者egNeitherTomnorhisbrothersknowhowtospelltheword"hundred"    Eitheryouorsheisright(谓语动词就近原则)     bothand两者都egBothJimandIareinGradeOne(主语看作复数)                                  练习题:  WhereisMary Oh,shethelibrory      Ahasgoneto  Bwentto  Chasbeento   Dhadgoneto               Heknewlittleaboutthefilmhesawityesterdayevening  Aif  Bsince  Cuntil   Dbecause                    IchangehismindDon’tworry,He’llsurelycometogetit      Athinkhewon’t  Bthinkhewill   Cdon’tthinkhewon’t Ddon’tthinkhewill                doyoutheTVplay Notbad,Ithink   AHowthinkofBWhatlikeCHowlikeDWhatthink                 Ihaveagoodtimetheparty  Ahopeyouwillat  Blikeyouon   Chopeyoutoin  Dwantyouthatfrom                                  完成句子:       中国有多少人口中国的人口大约是世界人口的四分之一。  thepopulationofChina   It’saboutoftheworld’spopulation                 门铃一直响着直到门被林涛打开才停。  ThedoorbelluntilthedoorwasopenedbyLinTao                          午饭后他休息了一会儿我也休息了一会儿。  Hehadashortrestafterlunch,andI                史密斯夫妇离开他们的家乡已有十多年时间了。  morethantenyearsMrandMrsSmithlefttheirhometown                   公共汽车里挤得几乎连站的地方都没有  Thebuswascrowdedthattherewashardlystandingroominit                                          思考题:  、做饭花了她半个小时。   Ithalfanhoursomecooking=Ihalfanhoursomecooking                       、你真好经常在数学上帮助我。  It’sreallyniceyoutomemy                               、Lily跑得不快赢不了比赛。  Lilyrunquicklytherace=Lilytherace                                        、在美术课上做一张教师节卡片怎样?  aTeachers’Daycardtheartlesson                               、足球是我校最受欢迎的运动项目之一。   Footballisgamesinourschoolgetonoff(thebus)上下车getup起床getreadyfor为作准备getoneselfdressed自己穿衣服getin进入收集  getsbsth  =getsthforsb为某人买某物  getonwellwithsbsth   与某人相处很好进展顺利              haveanaccident出事故  haveagoodtime  =enjoyoneself玩得很高兴  haveacoldwetday天气又冷又湿  haveacough咳嗽  haveadrink(of)喝一杯   haveatalk听报告  havelunch吃午饭  haveforlunch午饭吃  haveameeting开会  havenoidea不知道  havearest休息一下             makeamistake犯错误  mistakeAforB把A错认为B  takesthbymistake错拿某物                    makefriendswith与交朋友  makefaces做鬼脸  makeafire生火   makeanexcuse找籍口  makeasound发音   maketea沏茶  makeroomfor为找出空间  makeit如期赴约  makeateam组成一个队    Let’smakeithalfpastone    注意:时间前不用介词at           turnsthonoff打开关掉  turnsthupdown把音量开大小  注意:当sth是代词时常放中间               trysthon试穿(衣、鞋、帽)     注意:当sth为it或them,常放中间tryout试验、尝试  tryone’sbesttodosth尽力干某事=doone’sbesttodosth                  sendsbaway开除、解雇某人  sendforsb派人去请某人  sendup发射                  hearfromsb收到的来信  hearof听说           hurryoff匆匆离去赶快去  hurryup赶快                    getto名词   get副词(不用to)   reach名词副词   arriveinat大小地点(后接副词不用atin)   eggettoShanghai、reachShanghai、arriveinShanghai到达上海egreachhome、gethome、arrivehome到家                    teachsbEnglish教某人英语   teachoneself=learnsthbyoneself自学               到末为止bytheendof过去时间(用于过去完成时)  bytheendof将来时间(用于一般将来时)  attheendof地点在尽头  intheend=atlast最后终于              hundredsof成百上千   thousandsof成千上万的   millionsof成百万的                     bepleasedtodosth很高兴地干某事   bepleasedwithsth为某事而高兴              beusedfor被用来   beusedas被当作   beusedby被所使用               sofar到目前为止用于现在完成时                  onaTuesdaymorning一个星期二的早上   onthemorningofJuneth在年月日早上                   keepsbdoingsth让某人一直干某事   keepdoingsth继续做某事   keepondoingsth持续不断地做某事                   muchtoo形容词/副词原级实在太   toomuch不可数名词相当多的   egIt’sexpensiveIcan’tbuyitThere’srainthisyear              thanksto由于多亏   thankstoone’shelp=becauseofone’shelp由于某人的帮忙   thanksforone’shelp谢谢某人的帮助                  befarawayfrom+aplacesb远离某地                 wearout穿坏、穿旧、用尽常用于被动语态。其PP为worn   sellout售完卖完                   twomonthholiday=twomonths’holiday二个月的假期             fallasleep入睡(进入状态)   gettosleep入睡(还没睡着)                 stopsbfromdoingsth阻止某人干某事       egShestoppedthechildfromlistening   stopdoingsth停止干某事不再干某事   stoptodosth停止下来干另一件事。                      hardlyanyn几乎没有                quiteaan形容词+名词一个相当egTwomonthsisquitealongtime   avery+形容词名词egEnglishisaveryusefullanguage                beafraidof名词害怕   beafraidto动词担心、害怕   beafraidthat从句恐怕                   so形容词sostrongsobeautiful   such形容词名词(复数或不可数)   suchbeautifulpicturessuchnicesmell    suchaan形容词名词(单数)   suchaninterestingstory             feellikedoing想干某事                bemadegrownproduced三个词的被动语态都可解释为“生产” 归类:机器一类→make(制造)盐糖丝绸→produce(经机器加工生产)农作物、水果→grow(人工种出来的)                     finishdoingsth做完某事   bebusydoingsth忙于干某事   goondoingsth继续干某事   bealwaysdoing老是干某事              hopetodosth希望干某事 hopethat希望某人干某事,不可用hopesbtodosth                insurprise惊奇地(作状语)   besurprisedatsb对某人的举动感到诧异   besurprisedtodosth对做某事感到惊讶               nospace(room)tostandin没有站的地方、空间              beangrywithsb生某人的气   agreewithsb同意某人的观点   withone’shelp在某人的帮助下                              选择题:  TheyarrivedLondonacoldwinternightAat,in  Bin,on  Cat,on  Din,at               It’srathercoldtodayYou’dbettermoreclothesbeforeyougoout Aputon  Bwear  Ctoputon  Dtowear                 YoumustbeverytiredWhynotarestAstoptaking  Bstoptotake Ctostoptaking  Dtostoptotake                   ,I’vecaughtupwithmyclassmatesinmyEnglishstudiesAUnderhishelp BWithhishelp  CUnderthehelpofhim DWiththehelpofhim                  Mothertoldmeinthesun Anotread  Bdon’tread  Creadnot Dnottoread               WatchingTVisbadforyoureyesAmuchtoo Bmanytoo Ctoomuch Dtoomany                ThoseforeignvisitorsourcitythedaybeforeyesterdayAarrived  Breached Creachedto Dgotin               SheaskedmetohelpherherChinese Aat Bwith Cfor Don                Lookthewordsinthedictionarywhenyoudon’tknowtheymean Aup,what Bup,that Cfor,that Dfor,what                  Oneafteranother,threeofthemAfellasleep  Bgottoasleep  Cwenttoasleep  Dweresleeping                                完成句子:  你想不想喝杯桔子汁?  Doyoudrinkingaglassoforange               小杨毕业离校以来我们从未收到他的来信。  WehaveneverXiaoYangsinceheschoolforthelasttime                 人们兴建绿色长城是为了阻止风将土刮走。  PeoplestartedtobuildtheGreatGreenWallitcouldstopthewindfromtheearthaway                   魏华把你错当成他的兄弟是吗?  WeiHuayouhisbrother,didn’tshe                           思考题:  人造卫星能用来向国外发送电视和广播节目  ManmadesatellitescanbeforTVandradioprogrammestoforeigncountries            多亏有了绿色长城现在他们种的棉花比以前多得多了。  totheGreatGreenWall,theycangrowalotcottonthanbefore                学生们相互交朋友通常相处得很好。  Thestudentsmakefriendsoneanotherandusuallywell                             店主说你的尺寸的羊毛衫已售完了。   Theshopkeepersaidthewoolensweatersyoursizewere 

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