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'Vault Career Guide to International Development.pdf

'Vault Career Guide to Internat…

上传者: frederic 2010-03-27 评分 5 0 329 45 1497 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《'Vault Career Guide to International Developmentpdf》,可适用于求职简历领域,主题内容包含Customizedfor:TaoWang(wtmailstsinghuaeducn)TsinghuaSEMOnlineCareerLibraryT符等。

Customizedfor:TaoWang(wtmailstsinghuaeducn)TsinghuaSEMOnlineCareerLibraryThemedia’swatchingVault!Here’sasamplingofourcoverage“Forthosehopingtoclimbtheladderofsuccess,Vault’sinsightsarepriceless”–Moneymagazine“ThebestplaceontheWebtoprepareforajobsearch”–Fortune“Vaultguidesmakeforexcellentstartingpointsforjobhuntersandshouldbepurchasedbyacademiclibrariesfortheircareersectionsanduniversitycareercenters”–LibraryJournal“Thegranddaddyofworkersites”–USNewsWorldReport“Akillerapp”–TheNewYorkTimesOneofForbes’“FavoriteSites”–Forbes“Togettheunvarnishedscoop,checkoutVault”–SmartMoneyMagazine“Vaulthasawealthofinformationaboutmajoremployersandjobsearchingstrategiesaswellascommentsfromworkersabouttheirexperiencesatspecificcompanies”–TheWashingtonPost“Akeyreferenceforthosewhowanttoknowwhatittakestogethiredbyalawfirmandwhattoexpectoncetheygetthere”–NewYorkLawJournal“Vaultprovidestheskinnyonworkingconditionsatallkindsofcompaniesfromcurrentandformeremployees”–USATodayCustomizedfor:TaoWang(wtmailstsinghuaeducn)TsinghuaSEMOnlineCareerLibraryCustomizedfor:TaoWang(wtmailstsinghuaeducn)TsinghuaSEMOnlineCareerLibraryVAULTCAREERGUIDETOINTERNATIONALDEVELOPMENTCHRISTOPHERMILLERANDTHESTAFFOFVAULTCustomizedfor:TaoWang(wtmailstsinghuaeducn)TsinghuaSEMOnlineCareerLibraryCopyrightbyVaultcom,IncAllrightsreservedAllinformationinthisbookissubjecttochangewithoutnoticeVaultmakesnoclaimsastotheaccuracyandreliabilityoftheinformationcontainedwithinanddisclaimsallwarrantiesNopartofthisbookmaybereproducedortransmittedinanyformorbyanymeans,electronicormechanical,foranypurpose,withouttheexpresswrittenpermissionofVaultcom,IncVault,theVaultlogo,and“TheMostTrustedNameinCareerInformationTM”aretrademarksofVaultcom,IncForinformationaboutpermissiontoreproduceselectionsfromthisbook,contactVaultcom,Inc,VarickStreet,thFloor,NewYork,NY,()LibraryofCongressCIPDataisavailableISBN:ISBN:PrintedintheUnitedStatesofAmericaCustomizedfor:TaoWang(wtmailstsinghuaeducn)TsinghuaSEMOnlineCareerLibraryAcknowledgmentsVault’sacknowledgments:WeareextremelygratefultoVault’sentirestaffforalltheirhelpintheeditorial,productionandmarketingprocessesVaultalsowouldliketoacknowledgethesupportofourinvestors,clients,employees,familyandfriendsThankyou!vCustomizedfor:TaoWang(wtmailstsinghuaeducn)TsinghuaSEMOnlineCareerLibraryCustomizedfor:TaoWang(wtmailstsinghuaeducn)TsinghuaSEMOnlineCareerLibraryINTRODUCTIONKeyTerminologyTHESCOOPChapter:IntroducingtheIndustryBackgroundandHistoryPracticeAreasSizeoftheIndustryOrganizationandEvolutionIndustryTrendsandWhatTheyMeantoaJobHunterChapter:HowItWorksFundingOrganizationsImplementingAgenciesProjectsChapter:TypesofImplementingAgenciesNongovernmentalOrganizations(NGOs)IntergovernmentalOrganizations(alsoknownasmultilateralorganizations)OtherKindsofImplementingAgenciesChapter:IsItforYouChallengesandRewardsThingstoThinkAboutImportantAptitudesHowtoFindOutGETTINGHIREDChapter:EducationandExperienceEducationExperienceTableofContentsviiCustomizedfor:TaoWang(wtmailstsinghuaeducn)TsinghuaSEMOnlineCareerLibraryChapter:TypesofEmploymentandJobSearchStrategiesTypesofEmploymentPreparingfortheSearchIdentifyingOrganizationsThatMatchYourInterestsGettingtoKnowYourShortlistNetworkingApplyingSampleCoverLettersSampleResumeandCVInterviewingChapter:TheHiringProcessWhoGetsHiredTheProcessNegotiatingOrganizationSpecificInformationONTHEJOBChapter:CareerPathsCareerRolesinDevelopmentAdministrativeRolesTechnicalRolesSupportPositionsTechniquesforCareerAdvancementCareerTransitionsDaysintheLifeChapter:Culture,CompensationandBenefitsIntergovernmental(IGOs)andGovernmentOrganizations(Donors)ImplementingAgenciesviiiVaultcom,IncVaultCareerGuidetoInternationalDevelopmentTableofContentsCustomizedfor:TaoWang(wtmailstsinghuaeducn)TsinghuaSEMOnlineCareerLibraryAPPENDIXResourcesforJobSeekersJobListsProfessionalOrganizationsandIndustryInformationEmployerProfilesIntergovernmentalOrganizationsVolunteerOrganizationsOtherOrganizationsABOUTTHEAUTHORixVisitVaultatwwwvaultcomforinsidercompanyprofiles,expertadvice,careermessageboards,expertresumereviews,theVaultJobBoardandmoreVaultCareerGuidetoInternationalDevelopmentTableofContentsCustomizedfor:TaoWang(wtmailstsinghuaeducn)TsinghuaSEMOnlineCareerLibrary•Employeesurveysfor,topemployers,withinsiderinfoon•Companyculture•Salariesandcompensation•Hiringprocessandinterviews•Businessoutlook•Accessto,extendedinsideremployersnapshots•StudentandalumnisurveysforhundredsoftopMBAprograms,lawschoolsandgraduateschoolprograms,aswellas,sofundergraduateprograms•AccesstoVault’sSalaryCentral,withsalaryinformationforlaw,financeandconsultingfirms•AccesstocompleteVaultmessageboardarchivesFormoreinformationgotowwwvaultcomGetVaultGoldMembershipforaccesstoallofVault’sawardwinningcareerinformationOFFallVaultpurchases,includingVaultGuides,EmployerProfilesandVaultCareerServices(namedTheWallStreetJournals“TopChoice”forresumemakeovers)Customizedfor:TaoWang(wtmailstsinghuaeducn)TsinghuaSEMOnlineCareerLibraryIntroductionInternationaldevelopmentisaprofessionunlikeanyotherAlthoughmoderninternationaldevelopmenthasmorethanhalfacenturyofhistory,thepracticeofdevelopmentisconstantlyevolvingandtheindustryiscurrentlyinthemidstofmajorchangesthathavethepotentialtoimprovethelivesofbillionsofpeopleDevelopmentprofessionalsareworkingineverycountryintheworldtoaddressissuesincludinghumanrights,health,economicgrowth,environmentconservationandmanyothersAsaprofession,fewcareerchoicescanmatchinternationaldevelopmentforthesheerrangeoftheindustry,challengeoftheworkorrelevancytotheworld’spopulationInrecentyearstheneedforcoordinatedandcomprehensivesustainabledevelopmenthasbeencenterstageinworldpoliticsduetoincreasingawarenessofboththeissuesandtheconsequencesDevelopmentchampionsincludingacademicssuchasJeffreySachs,businesspeoplelikeBillGates,politiciansandcelebritieshavehelpedbringinternationaldevelopmenttotheforefrontofpolicyandeconomicdiscussionAtthesametime,theworldhasbecomemoreglobalized,withconstantremindersthattheproblemsofthedevelopingworldcananddoaffecttheentireworldYetdespitetherapidgrowthoffundingforinternationaldevelopmentandtheincreasingunderstandingoftheneedforsustainabledevelopment,theindustryandeventheterm“internationaldevelopment”remainpoorlyunderstoodThereisnouniversallyagreedupondefinitionofinternationaldevelopmentThetermhasevolvedovertimeandthereisnosingleindustrygroupthatholdsresponsibilityfordeterminingwhatisandwhatisn’tdevelopmentLikewise,therearenocertificationoraccreditationbodiesthatdelegateorganizationsaspractitionersofdevelopmentAlthoughthereisnotauniversaldefinition,thereareanumberofcharacteristicsthatarewidelyacceptedtodescribeinternationaldevelopmentIngeneral,internationaldevelopment:•WorksindevelopingcountriesInternationaldevelopmentgenerallyutilizesresourcesfromdevelopedcountriestofundprojectsindevelopingcountriesThisideaisbeingchallenged,however,bytheincreasingamountofmoneyfordevelopmentbeingprovidedbydevelopingcountries•ContributestothepublicgoodInternationaldevelopmenthasanunderlyinggoalofimprovinglivingstandardsindevelopingcountriesDevelopmentprojectsmayworkwiththepublic,civilandprivatesectors,buttheendgoalistofosterdevelopment,nottomakemoney•BuildssustainabilityInternationaldevelopmentisnotaboutgivingmoney,supplies,andequipment,itisaboutbuildingthecapacityforpeopletoprovidethesethingsfortheirowncommunitiesCustomizedfor:TaoWang(wtmailstsinghuaeducn)TsinghuaSEMOnlineCareerLibrary•UtilizesprofessionalmethodsofprojectimplementationandevaluationAsinternationaldevelopmentbecomesabiggerandmoreprofessionalindustry,thereisagreaterexpectationthatdevelopmentagenciesadoptmodernmethodsofmanagementandevaluationMostprofessionaldevelopmentpractitionersnowhavefulltimestafffocusedexclusivelyontheseissues•DependsonspecializedorganizationsthatfocusoninternationaldevelopmentDonorsrarelyhavethecapacitytoactuallyimplementandmanagedevelopmentprojects,sotheydependuponprofessionalorganizationsthatspecializeindevelopmentTheseorganizationsincludenongovernmentalorganizations,civilsocietyorganizations,privatevoluntaryorganizationsandsomeprivatecompaniesKeyTerminologyTogetyoustarted,belowaresomekeytermsininternationaldevelopmentAdditionaltermsarehighlightedthroughoutthebook•Developedcountriesaretheworld’swealthiernationsTherearemanyformaldefinitionsusedtodeterminewhichnationsaredeveloped,includingmeasurementsbasedoneconomicandsocialindicatorsTheWorldBankusestheterm“highincomeeconomy”todescribecountrieswithagrossnationalincomepercapitaof$,ormoreTheUnitedNationsusestheHumanDevelopmentIndex,whichestimateshowincomeisturnedintoeducationandhealthopportunitiesRegardlessofthedefinition,developedcountriesarethemainfundersofinternationaldevelopment•Developingcountriesare,conversely,thosenationsthatdon’tmeettherequirementsofadevelopedcountryaccordingtothesevariousscalesDevelopingcountriesmayalsobeknownaslowincomecountriesoremergingeconomiesaccordingtoeconomicindicatorsTheUnitedNationsusestheterm“leastdevelopedcountries”fornationswiththelowestscoresontheHumanDevelopmentIndexDevelopingcountriesaretherecipientsofdevelopmentassistance,althoughsomedevelopingcountriesgivedevelopmentassistanceinadditiontoreceivingit•Officialdevelopmentassistance(ODA)isthemoneythatgovernmentsspendoninternationaldevelopmentThereisaveryspecificdefinitionofODAandstrictrulesaboutwhatspendingcanbecountedasODAMoreinformationonthisisprovidedinChapter•DonorcommunityisageneraltermtodescribetheorganizationsthatfundinternationaldevelopmentTheseincludegovernmentdevelopmentagenciessuchasUSAIDandDFID,foundations,intergovernmentalorganizationsandotherfundersofdevelopmentworkDonorsarecoveredinmoredetailinChapterVaultCareerGuidetoInternationalDevelopmentIntroductionVaultcom,IncCustomizedfor:TaoWang(wtmailstsinghuaeducn)TsinghuaSEMOnlineCareerLibraryIntroducingtheIndustryHowitWorksTypesofImplementingAgenciesIsItforYouVaultGuidetoInternationalDevelopmentTHESCOOPCustomizedfor:TaoWang(wtmailstsinghuaeducn)TsinghuaSEMOnlineCareerLibraryVaultcom,IncCustomizedfor:TaoWang(wtmailstsinghuaeducn)TsinghuaSEMOnlineCareerLibraryBACKGROUNDANDHISTORYThemoderninstitutionsthatcomprisethedevelopmentindustrymostlycameintoexistenceinthemidthcentury,largelyinresponsetomajorgeopoliticalevents,includingWorldWarIIandtheColdWarInparticular,theMarshallPlantorebuildWesternEuropeafterthephysical,socialandeconomicdevastationofWorldWarIIiswidelyconsideredthecatalystfororganizedinternationaldevelopmentledbywealthydonorcountriesSimilarly,theColdWarservedtoraisethevisibilityofdevelopingcountriesandcontributedtoideaofglobalstabilitythroughdevelopmentThefearthatdevelopingcountriesinAsiaandtheAmericaswerebeinginfluencedpoliticallybyfinancialandpolicysupportfromtheUSSRdirectlycontributedtoincreasedspendingondevelopmentassistancefromtheUnitedStatesClearlymuchofthismoneywasnotsupportinginternationaldevelopmentasweunderstandittoday,butitdidhavetheeffectofshowingthelinksbetweenthewelfareofdevelopinganddevelopedcountriesGlobalizationhasbeenanothersignificantforceininternationaldevelopmentGreaterinterconnectivityamongworldpopulationsandeconomieshasstrengthenedrelationshipsamongcountriesandraisedawarenessofdevelopmentissuesIthasalsocontributedgreatlytoeconomicdevelopmentthroughforeigndirectinvestmentandremittancesManyadditionaltrendshavealsohelpedpromotetheidealsofinternationaldevelopmentTheadventofmassmediaandtheincredibleimprovementsinglobaltravel,inparticular,havemadeitpossibleforcitizensofdevelopedcountriestosee,firsthandorthroughtheirTVsandnewspapers,theconditionsthatpeopleinpoorercountriesliveineverydayThisnotonlyraisesmoneyfordevelopment,butalsogalvanizespublicsupportforgovernmentspendingoninternationaldevelopmentassistanceForexample,intheweekfollowingtheDecember,AsianTsunami,theUnitedNationsreceivedanunprecedented$billioninreliefdonationsThemassivecoverageoftheevent,includingeverythingfromtraditionalmediatoblogsandcameraphonevideos,helpedspreadawarenessofthedisasterandmakeiteasyforpeople,organizations,andgovernmentstodonatetothereliefeffortsKeydatesintherecenthistoryofinternationaldevelopmentTheBrettonWoodsAgreementissigned,settingthefoundationforaninternationalfinancialsystemTheagreementestablishestheInternationalMonetaryFund(IMF)andtheInternationalBankforReconstructionandDevelopment(IBRD),nowpartoftheWorldBankGroupTheCharteroftheUnitedNationsisdraftedandratifiedbyoriginalmemberstatesTheroleofinternationalnongovernmentalorganizationsindevelopmentisenshrinedbytheEconomicandSocialCounciloftheUnitedNationsIntroducingtheIndustryChapterCustomizedfor:TaoWang(wtmailstsinghuaeducn)TsinghuaSEMOnlineCareerLibraryTheInterAmericanDe

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