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首页 翻译必备词汇总结,呕心沥血完整版,口译笔译听力通用

翻译必备词汇总结,呕心沥血完整版,口译笔译听力通用.doc

翻译必备词汇总结,呕心沥血完整版,口译笔译听力通用

lover
2010-03-26 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《翻译必备词汇总结,呕心沥血完整版,口译笔译听力通用doc》,可适用于外语资料领域

汉英翻译词汇社会发展词汇汉英翻译词汇社会发展词汇安居工程housingprojectforlowincomefamilies保障妇女就业权利toguaranteewomen’srighttoemployment城镇居民最低生活保障guaranteeofsubsistenceallowancesforurbanresidents在城镇强制推行以养老、失业、医疗为重点的社会保险Socialwelfareinsurance,particularlyoldage,unemploymentandmedicalinsurance,mustbemademandatoryinurbanareas城镇社会保障体系thesocialsecuritysysteminurbanareas城镇职工基本医疗保险制度thebasicmedicalinsurancesystemforurbanemployees创新精神beinnovationmindedtohaveacreativemind促进学生德、智、体、美全面发展ensurethatstudentsimproveintermsoftheirmoral,intellectualandfitnesslevelaswellasintheirappreciationofaesthetics待业人员jobseekers待遇优厚的工作awellpaidjob单亲家庭singleparentfamily独生子女theonlychild反对迷信beagainstsuperstition福利分房buyabenefitorientedapartmentfromtheorganizationoneworkswith岗位培训onjobtraining高度重视精神文明建设paycloseattentiontoculturalandethicalprogress搞好优生优育promotegoodprenatalandpostnatalcare工资收入分配制度thewageandincomedistributionsystem关系国计民生的大事mattersvitaltonationalwellbeingandthepeople’slivelihood关心和支持残疾人事业Programstohelpthephysicallyandmentallychallengeddeserveourcareandsupport关心老龄人careforseniorcitizens贵族学校exclusiveschool(美)selectschool(英)国企下岗职工基本生活保障guaranteeofbasiccostoflivingallowancesforworkerslaidofffromstateownedenterprises过温饱生活livealifeatasubsistentlevel合理调整就业结构torationallyreadjusttheemploymentstructure继续开展“扫黄打非”斗争Thefightagainstpornography,illegalpublicationsandpiracyshallbecontinued加快住房分配货币化进程capitalizationprocessofhousingdistributionallocation加强计划生育工作furtherimprovefamilyplanning加强舆论监督ensurethatthecorrectorientationismaintainedinpublicopinion家庭美德familyvirtues坚持“两手抓、两手都要硬”的方针adheretotheprincipleof“doingtwojobsatonceandattachingequalimportancetoeach”坚持正确的舆论导向maintainthecorrectorientationforpublicopinion建设廉洁、勤政、务实、高效政府buildacleananddiligent,pragmaticandefficientgovernment建设一个富强、民主、文明的国家buildaprosperous,strong,democraticandculturallyadvancedcountry教育程度educationalstatuseducationreceived戒毒所drugrehabilitationcenter扩大就业和再就业toexpandemploymentandreemployment劳动保障监察制度thelaborsecuritysupervisionsystem面临困境faceadverseconditions人口出生率birthrate人口老龄化agingofpopulation人民生活水平qualityoflifethelivingstandards弱势群体disadvantagedgroups社会保障socialsecurity社会福利制度thesocialwelfaresystem社会公德socialmorality社会互助制度thesocialmutualhelpsystem社会治安状况好转seeanimprovedlawandordersituation深入扎实地开展群众性精神文明创建活动Extensivepublicparticipationactivitiesarelaunchedtopromoteculturalandethicalprogress生活待遇materialamenities生活费收入incomeavailableforcostofliving生活费用costoflivingincomemaintenancesubsistencecost生育保险制度thechildbirthinsurancesystem失学儿童dropouts失业保险guaranteeofunemploymentinsurancebenefits失业保险unemploymentinsurance失业保险制度theunemploymentinsurancesystem失业率rateofunemployment实施积极促进就业的政策toimplementthepolicyofvigorouslyincreasingemployment实现基本普及九年义务教育Thegoalintheefforttomakenineyearcompulsoryeducationbasicallyuniversalhasbeenattained实现小康目标attainthegoalofensuringourpeoplearelativelycomfortablelife实行弹性大、灵活性强、多样化的就业形式toadoptelastic,flexible,diversifiedformsofemployment实行计划生育、控制人口数量、提高人口素质promotefamilyplanningandcontrolthepopulationsizeandimprovethehealthofthepeople实行劳动合同制度toinstitutealaborcontractsystem树立正确的价值观、世界观、人生观helpfosterintheyoungthemorallysoundvaluesandoutlookontheworldandlife思想道德建设(思想政治工作)moraleducationamongpeople提高部分优抚对象抚恤标准Allowancesforcertaindisabledservicemenandwomenandfamilymembersofrevolutionarymartyrsandservicemenandwomenhavebeenincreased提高劳动者素质toenhanceworkers’quality统筹兼顾城乡就业tomakeoverallplansforurbanandruralsystem推动就业服务向社区延伸形成多层次的就业服务网络toencouragetheformationofcommunityrunagenciesasapartofthemultilevelemploymentservicenetwork推进素质教育pushaheadwitheducationforallarounddevelopment推行职业资格证书制度tointroduceavocationalqualificationcredentialssystem退休基金pensionfund脱贫liftoffpovertycastoffpoverty完善和落实再就业优惠政策toimproveandimplementpreferentialreemployment完善失业保险制度toimprovetheunemploymentinsurancesystem文明城市modelcityculturallyadvancedcitycitycitedforhighmoralandculturalstandards物业管理estatemanagement,propertymanagement消费价格总水平thegeneralpricelevel小家庭nuclearfamily小康生活enjoyafairlycomfortablelifebemoderatelybetteroff新生儿死亡率infantmortalityrateneonatalmortalityrate行行出状元Everyprofessionproducesitsownleadingauthority研究生毕业证学位证graduatediplomagraduatedegreesdiploma养老保险retirementinsurance养老保险制度theoldageinsurancesystem医疗保险medicalinsurance医疗保险制度themedicalinsurancesystem应试教育examinationorientededucationsystem优抚安置制度thespecialcareandplacementsystem优化就业结构tooptimizeemploymentstructure有公德心becivicminded舆论导向directionofpublicopinion舆论监督supervisionbypublicopinion预期寿命lifeexpectancy灾害救助制度thenaturaldisasterreliefsystem在职博士生onjobdoctorate招生就业指导enrolmentandvocationguidance争取实现高等教育大众化worktomakeregularhighereducationaccessibletothemajorityofyoungpeople政府主导计划governmentsponsoredprograms职业道德ethicsofprofession中华人民共和国劳动法theLaborLawofthePeople’sRepublicofChina中专生secondaryspecializedortechnicalschoolstudent重视发展具有比较优势和市场潜力的劳动密集型企业tostressthedevelopmentoflaborintensiveenterpriseswithcomparativeadvantagesandmarketpotential抓好农村和流动人口计划生育管理与服务devoteeffortstothemanagementoffamilyplanningandrelatedservicesinruralareasandamongthefloatingpopulation自然增长率naturalgrowthrate自学成才selftaughtandselfmadepersonbecomeaqualifiedprofessionalthroughselftaughtway最低生活保障制度theminimumlivingstandardsecuritysystem中高级口译高频考点-城市介绍中高级口译高频考点-城市介绍西湖  西湖在杭州市区的西部面积约.平方公里其中水面积平方公里湖岸周长公里。湖面上有白、苏二堤将湖面分成外湖、里湖、岳湖、西里湖、小南湖五个部分。湖中有孤山、小瀛洲、湖心亭、阮公墩四岛。环湖的山峰外观秀丽挺拔势若骏马奔腾。在西湖风景区内分布有苏堤春晓等名胜四十余处以及六和塔等三十余处古迹。沿湖四周花木繁茂群山之中泉溪竞流亭台楼阁交相辉映湖光山色千古风情令多少人流连忘返。"上有天堂下有苏杭"的赞语真是恰如其分。                                        WestLake  SituatedtothewestofHangzhou,theWestLakeareacoverssquarekilometres,withawaterareaofsquarekilometersandacircumferenceofkilometresThelakeisdividedbySuandBaicausewaysintofivesections:OuterLake,InnerLake,YueLake,WestInnerLakeandSmallSouthLakeandtherearefourislands,namely,SolitaryIsland,LittleYingzhouIslet(alsocalled"ThreePoolsMirroringtheMoon"),MidLakePavilionandRuangongMoundThemountainstoweringaroundthelakelooklikegallopinghorses,presentinganimposingairOverscenicspotsandhistoricalsitesdottheWestLake,suchas"TheEarlySpringattheSuCauseway"andthePagodaofSixHa{moniesThecauseways,bridges,pavilions,springs,treesandflowersinandaroundtheWestlakemakeitaparadiseonearth,whereonecannottearhimselfaway卢沟桥  卢沟桥始建于金大定年(公元年)于金明昌三年(公元年)建成。桥全长.米宽.米桥身共孔是一座连拱大石桥。大桥扶栏上雕刻的狮子大小不一形态各异北京民间就有"卢沟桥的狮子数不清"的说法。年曾为此进行了清点共有只。年在河中又挖出了一只。这些石狮艺术价值极高特别是桥东的南边栏杆上有一只石狮子高竖起一只耳朵好像在倾听桥下的流水声和过往行人的谈话。年月日在卢沟桥响起了抗击日本帝国主义的第一声炮响揭开了抗日战争的序幕。                            LugouBridge(MarcoPoloBridge)  TheLugouBridgestartedtobebuiltinandwascompletedthreeyearslaterThisiarchstonebridgeismetreslongandmetreswideThebalustradesareadornedwithcarvedlionsofdifferentsizesandposturesThereisasayinginBeijingthat"ThelionsontheLugouBridgearetoonumeroustocount"Infact,therewerelionsaltogetheraccordingtoacountInonemorewasdiscoveredintheriver,bringingthetotalnumbertoThesestonelionsareofgreatartisticvalueOnoneofthebalustersatthesoutheastendofthebridgesitsalionwithanearprickedup,asiflisteningintentlytothesoundsofthewaterunderneathandtheconversationofthepeoplepassingbyOnJuly,,thefirstshotoftheWarofResistanceAgainstJapan()rangoutbesidetheLugouBridgeG改革开放和现代化建设的总设计师thechiefarchitectofChinasreform,openingandmodernizationdrive改进产业结构和产品结构improvetheindustrialpatternandproductmix该公司股票已经上市thestockofthecompanyhavebeenlisted(havegonepublic,havebeenlaunched)赶上或超过国际先进水平catchupwithorevensurpassadvancedworldlevels高举邓小平理论的伟大旗帜holdhighthegreaterbannerofDengxiaopingTheory各族人民peopleofallnationalities(allethnicgroups)个体户selfemployedhouseholdspeople个人所得税individualincometax个体工商业者individualindustrialistsandbusinessman公务员publicservantscivilservantsgovernmentfunctionariesgovernmentemployees股份合作制thejointstockcooperativesystem股份制thejointstocksystem股票热降温了thestockcrazehasabated股市指数thestockmarket(exchange)index股市指数突破点大关thestockindexbrokethepoitmark股指暴跌跌幅以元探底theindexslumpedpercenttoYuan鼓励兼并规范破产encouragemergersandstandardizebankruptcyprocedures规模经济减轻就业压力toeasethepressureofemployment(theemploymentpressure)国防科技defencerelatedscienceandtechnology国际大都市cosmopolis国家指定考试governmentmandatedtest国家主席总理副总理国务委员部长省长厅、局长县长处长科长乡长村民委员会主任presidentpremiervicepremierstatecouncilorministergovernorbureaudirectorcountymagistrate,countyheaddepartmentheadsectionchiefheadofthetownshipchairmanofthevillagecommittee国家公务员制度thesystemofpublicservices国内生产总值国民生产总值GDP(GrossDomesticProduct)GNP(GrossNationalProduct)国事访问astatevisit恒生指数(香港)宽幅震荡theHengShengindexfluctuatedviolently获薄利earn(make)narrowprofits获厚利earn(make,reap)substantialprofits注:以上词汇是当今中国社会常用汉语词汇具有比较鲜明的时代特色。这些词汇经常性的见诸于报刊杂志广播电视政府公文企业宣传等等领域。熟练掌握这些词汇可以在翻译工作中起到事半功倍的效果。这些词汇是从网络的不同角落搜集整理的并且将不断增加新的词汇AA制DutchtreatmentgoDutch艾滋病(获得性免疫缺损综合征)AIDS(AcquiredImmuneDeficiencySyndrome)爱丽舍宫ElyséePalace安居工程HousingProjectforlowincomefamilies按成本要素计算的国民经济总值GNPatfactorcost按揭贷款mortgageloan按劳分配distributionaccordingtoonesperformance暗恋unrequitedlovefallinlovewithsomeonesecretly暗亏hiddenloss澳门大三巴牌坊RuinsofStPaul奥姆真理教JapaneseAumDoomsdayCultB巴黎证券交易所ParisBourse把握大局grasptheoverallsituation白马王子PrinceCharming白色行情表whitesheet白色农业whiteagriculture(alsocalled"whiteengineeringagriculture"Itreferstomicrobiologicalagricultureandbiologicalcellagriculture)白手起家startingfromscratch白条IOUnote,IOU:债款、债务由Ioweyou的读音缩略转义而来白雪公主SnowWhite摆架子putonairs摆谱儿putonairsshowoffkeepupappearances拜把兄弟swornbrothers拜年payNewYearcall搬迁户relocatedfamilies半拉子工程uncompletedproject棒球运动记者scribe傍大款(ofagirl)findasugardaddybeamistressforarichmanleanonamoneybags包干到户workcontractedtohouseholds包干制overallrationingsystemschemeofpaymentpartlyinkindandpartlyincash包工包料contractforlaborandmaterials保持国民经济发展的良好势头maintainagoodmomentumofgrowthinthenationaleconomy保持国有股keeptheStateheldshares保健食品healthcarefood保理业务factoringbusiness保护性关税protectivetariffs保税区thelowtax,tarifffreezonebondedarea保证重点支出ensurefundingforpriorityareas保值储蓄inflationproofbanksavings报国计划的实施implementationofDedicatorsProject北欧投资银行NordicInvestmentBank本本主义bookishness《本草纲目》CompendiumofMateriaMedica本垒打circuitclout,fourmaster,roundtrip本命年onesyearofbirthconsideredinrelationtotheTerrestrialBranches奔小康striveforarelativelycomfortablelife笨鸟先飞Aslowsparrowshouldmakeanearlystart蹦极bungee,bungeejumping避免“大而全”的重复建设avoidduplicate(duplicated,overlapping)constructionof"smallandallinclusiveprojects"逼上梁山bedriventodrasticalternatives比较经济学comparativeeconomics比上不足比下有余worseoffthansome,betteroffthanmanytofallshortofthebest,butbebetterthantheworst闭门羹givencoldshoulder边际报酬marginalreturn边缘科学boundaryscience变相涨价disguisedinflation便携式电脑portablecomputerlaptopnotebookcomputer标书biddingdocuments表演赛demonstrationmatch剥夺冠军stripthegoldmedalofsomebody博彩(业)lotteryindustry博士生PhDcandidate补缺选举byelection补贴与反补贴措施subsidiesandcountervailingmeasures布达拉宫PotalaPalace布雷顿森林体系BrettonWoodssystem不败记录cleanrecord,spotlessrecord不承诺放弃使用武器notundertaketorenouncetheuseofforce不打不成交Nodiscord,noconcord不到长城非好汉HewhohasneverbeentotheGreatWallisnotatrueman不分上下的总统选举结果theneckandneckpresidentialelectionresult《不见不散》Bethereorbesquare不可再生资源nonrenewableresources不良贷款nonperformingloan不夜城sleeplesscity,everbrightcity不正之风bad(harmful)practiceunhealthytendency不准打白条Noillegitimatepromissorynotes(IOUs)步行天桥footbridgeC擦边球edgeball,touchball擦网球netball采取高姿态showmagnanimity采取市场多元化战略adoptthestrategyofamultioutletmarket“菜篮子”工程the"shoppingbasketproject(program)参政、议政participateinthemanagementofStateaffairs沧海桑田SeaschangeintomulberryfieldsandmulberryfieldschangeintoseastimebringsgreatchangestotheworldWhatwasoncetheseahasnowchangedintomulberryfieldstheworldischangingallthetime仓储式超市stockroomstylesupermarket草根工业grassrootindustry(referstovillageandtownshipenterpriseswhichtakerootamongfarmersandgrowlikewoldgrass)层层转包和违法分保multilevelcontractingandillegalsubcontracting差额投票differentialvoting差额选举competitiveelection茶道sado查房makegotheroundsofthewards拆东墙补西墙robPetertopayPaul拆迁户householdsorunitsrelocatedduetobuildingdemolition搀水股票waterdownstocks(ordinarystocksthatcanbeboughtbypersonsinsideastockcompanyorabusinessatacostlowerthattheirfacevalue)禅dhyana产粮大省granaryprovince产量比年增加了倍theoutputhasincreasedtimes(registeredafoldincreaseincreased)comparedwith产品结构productmix产权明晰、权责明确、政企分开、科学管理clearlyestablishedownership,welldefinedpowerandresponsibility,separationofenterprisefromadministration,andscientificmanagement产权制度、产权关系propertyrelationspropertyorder产销直接挂钩directlylinkproductionwithmarketing产业的升级换代upgradingofindusties产业结构升级upgradingofanindustrialstructure长二捆LME长江三角洲YangtzeRiverdelta长期共存、互相监督、肝胆相照、荣辱与共longtermcoexistence,mutualsupervision,sinceretreatmentwitheachotherandthesharingofwealorwoe长线产品productinexcessivesupply厂长经理负责制thefactorydirector(manager)responsibilitysystem畅通工程"SmoothTrafficProject"畅销产品marketableproductsproductswithgoodmarketcommoditiesinshortsupplygoodsingreatdemand唱高调mouthhighsoundingwords超高速巨型计算机giantultrahighspeedcomputer超前消费overconsuming,excessiveconsumption彻头彻尾的反动政治势力anoutandoutreactionarypoliticalforce城市规划cityslandscapingplanurbanplanning城市中年雅皮士muppie(一批中年专业人士附庸风雅矫揉造作cutesification崇尚竟品至上boutiqueification攀比银行存款bankification等摆阔作风由middleagedurbanyuppie缩合而成)城乡信用社creditcorroborativeinbothurbanandruralareas吃大锅饭egalitarianpracticeof"everybodyeatingfromthesamebigpot"吃皇粮receivesalaries,subsidies,orothersupportedfromthegovernment重复建设buildingredundantprojectduplicationofsimilarprojects抽杀成功hitthrough筹备委员会preparatorycommittee出风头showoffinthelimelight出口创汇能力capacitytoearnforeignexchangethroughexports出口加工区exportprocessingzones出口退税制度thesystemofrefundingtaxesonexportedgoodsexport(tax)rebate出口退税refundingexporttaxes出口转内销domesticsalesofcommoditiesorginallyproducedforexports出家pravrajanacloister传销multilevelmarketing窗口行业variousservicetrades创建卫生城市buildanationallyadvancedcleancity创汇产品foreignexchange(hardcurrency)earningexperts创业园hightechbusinessincubatorpioneerpark吹风会(advanced)briefing春蕾计划SpringBudsProgram春运(passenger)transportduringtheSpringFestival《春秋》SpringandAutumnAnnals磁悬浮列车Maglevtrain(magneticallylevitatedtrain),magneticsuspensiontrain刺激内需stimulatedomesticdemand辞旧迎新bidfarewelltotheoldandusherinthenewringouttheoldyearandringinthenew此地无银三百两Aguiltypersongiveshimselfawaybyconsciouslyprotestinghisinnocence从粗放经济转变为集约经济shiftfromextensiveeconomytointensiveeconomy粗放式管理extensivemanagement促进全球经济一体化fosterintegrationwiththeglobaleconomy促进富余人员合理流动promotearationalflowofsurpluspersonnel促进住房商品化promotethecommercializationofhousing存款保证金guarantymoneyfordepositsD达到或接近国际先进水平reachorapproachadvancedinternationalstandards打破地区封锁和行业垄断breakregionalblockadesandtrademonopolies"达标"活动"targethitting"activities打白条issueIOU打黑crackdownonspeculationandprofiteering打假crackdownoncounterfeitgoods打破僵局breakthedeadlock打顺手findonestouch,getintogear,settleintoagroove大包干allroundresponsibilitysystemlumpsumappropriationsoperation大轰动blockbuster大力扣杀hammer大路货staplegoods大满贯grandslam大开眼界openoneseyesbroadenoneshorizonbeaneyeopener大款tycoon大排挡sidewalksnackboothlargestall大事化小小事化了tryfirsttomaketheirmistakesoundlessseriousandthentoreduceittonothingatall大胜whitewash大腕topnotch大卫教BranchDavidian大型电视系列片,长篇电视连续剧maxiseries大学生创业universitystudentsinnovativeundertaking大要案majorandseriouscriminalcases大专生juniorcollegestudent大专文凭associatedegree大藏经Tripitaka呆帐与坏帐stagnantdebtsandbaddebtsnonperformingfunds带薪分流assignredundantcivilservantstootherjobswhileallowingthemtoretaintheiroriginalrankandbenefits待岗awaitjobassignment,postwaiting待业jobwaiting代职functioninanactingcapacity单循环制singleroundrobinsystem当日指数已点收盘theindexclosedfinishedendedatonthatday党群关系Partymassesrelationship党政机关Partyandgovernmentorganizations道琼斯工业平均指数飙升至点theDowJonesindustrialindexaveragesoaredtopoints捣浆糊givetherunaround盗版VCDpiratedVCD盗打(电话)freecallonsomebodyelsesexpensethroughillegalmeans盗用公款embezzlement单刀赴会startasolorun倒票speculativeresellingoftickets倒爷profiteer倒计时countdown等外品offgradegoods,rejects邓小平外交思想DengXiaopingsdiplomaticthoughts低调lowkeyed(ametaphorfortakingacautiousandslowapproach)第三产业thirdtertiaryindustry,servicesector,thirdsequenceofenterprises第四产业quaternaryinformationindustry第一第二第三产业theprimarysecondarytertiaryindustry(theservicesector)第三代移动电话(G手机)thirdgenerationmobileGmobile第一发球权firstinning第一发球员firstserver第一双打firstpair地方保护主义regionalprotectionism地方财政包干制systemwherebylocalauthoritiestakefullresponsibilityfortheirfinances地球村globalvillage地区差异regionaldisparity地热资源geothermalresources地市级城市prefecturelevelcity点子公司consultancycompany电话号码升位upgradetelephonenumber电话会议teleconference电视直销TVhomeshopping电子商务认证ebusinesscertification吊球dropshot吊销执照revokelicense钉子户personorhouseholdwhorefusestomoveandbargainsforunreasonablyhighcompensationwhenthelandisrequisitionedforaconstructionproject定向培训trainingforspecificposts“豆腐渣”工程ajerrybuiltproject毒枭drugtrafficker毒品走私drugtrafficking国企(stateowned,state)enterprises独立核算工业企业independentaccountingunit(enterprise)"渡假外交"holidaymakingdiplomacy短期债务floatingdebt断交信DearJohnletter(fromwomantoman)对大中型国营企业进行公司制改革tocorporatizelargeandmediumsizedStateowned对毫无顾忌makenobonesabout对冲基金hedgefund对外招商attractforeigninvestment队长袖标(足球)skippersarmband多党合作制multipartycooperationinexercisingStatepower多任务小卫星smallmultimissionsatellite(SMMS)夺冠takethecrownE厄尔尼诺ElNino恶性肿瘤malignanttumor恶性循环viciouscircle遏制通货膨胀curb(check,curtail)theinflation广播影视developliterature,thearts,thep

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