关闭

关闭

关闭

封号提示

内容

首页 图表作文.ppt

图表作文.ppt

图表作文.ppt

上传者: 亦辰 2010-03-25 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《图表作文ppt》,可适用于外语资料领域,主题内容包含TableofcontentsTableofcontentsWritingaboutgraphs英语图表写作套句精选动态图表写作Describetr符等。

TableofcontentsTableofcontentsWritingaboutgraphs英语图表写作套句精选动态图表写作DescribetrendsingraphsPiechartLinechartBarcharttableswritingaboutgraphswritingaboutgraphsTherearedifferenttypesofgraphs: BarchartsLinegraphsPiechartsTablesYoushoulduseparagraphs: Paragraph:Introduction YouwilltellthereaderwhatthegraphisaboutYourintroductionwilltellthereadera)whatsortofgraphitis(linegraph,barchart,piechartortable)b)whatthegraphisaboutYouwillgetmostofthisinformationfromthequestionJustchangethewording Paragraph ThisisthebodyItwillcontaininterestingandrelevantinformationfromthegraphForlinegraphstryanduseperiodsoftimeratherthanspecificyearsThiswillbecomeclearerwhenyouseeanactualgraphParagraph ThiswillcontaintheoverallpictureofthegraphWriteatleastsentencesYouarelikelytomeetonlytwotypesofgraphsinintermediateEnglishteststimeandcomparisongraphsIntimegraphsyouhavetodescribechangesovertimeIncomparisongraphsyouhavetocomparedifferentitemscountries,people,products,places,etc第一部分:图表作文写作常识   、图形种类及概述法:   泛指一份数据图表:adatagraphchartdiagramillustrationtable   饼图:piechart   直方图或柱形图:barcharthistogram   趋势曲线图:linechartcurvediagram   表格图:table   流程图或过程图:flowchartsequencediagram   程序图:processingproceduresdiagram英语图表写作套句精选该表格描述了在年之年间数量的变化。thetableshowsthechangesinthenumberofovertheperiodfromto该柱状图展示了thebarchartillustratesthat该圆形图揭示了thepiegraphdepicts(that)英语图表写作套句精选这个曲线图描述了的趋势。thisisacurvegraphwhichdescribesthetrendof该树型图向我们揭示了如何thetreediagramrevealshow数据(字)表明thefiguresstatisticsshow(that)这些数据资料令我们得出结论thedatastatisticsfiguresleadustotheconclusionthat如图所示asisshowndemonstratedexhibitedinthediagramgraphcharttable从图表我们可以很清楚(明显)看到fromthetablechartdiagramfigure,wecanseeclearlythatoritisclearapparentfromthechartthat该表格描述了年到年间a与b的比例关系。thistableshowsthechangingproportionofabfromto该图以圆形图形式描述了总的趋势。thegraph,presentedinapiechart,showsthegeneraltrendin这是个柱型图描述了thisisacolumnchartshowing如图所示两条曲线描述了的波动情况。ascanbeseenfromthegraph,thetwocurvesshowthefluctuationof在至期间基本不变。overtheperiodfromto…,theremainedlevel月(年)至月(年)的数量基本不变。thenumberofremainedsteadystablefrom(monthyear)to(monthyear)的数目在月(年)达到顶点为thefiguresof…peakedatin(monthyear)的比例比的比例略高(低)。thepercentageofisslightlylargersmallerthanthatof该图表表明的数目增长了三倍。thegraphsshowathreefoldincreaseinthenumberof逐年减少而逐步上升。decreasedyearbyyearwhileincreasedsteadily的情况(局势)到达顶(高)点为百分点。thesituationreachedapeak(ahighpointat)of数字(情况)在达到底部。thefiguressituationbottomedoutina是b的倍。aistimesasmuchmanyasba增长了aincreasedbya增长到aincreasedto数字呈上升趋势。thereisanupwardtrendinthenumberof从到下降速率减慢。fromtotherateofdecreaseslowdown从这年起逐渐下降至fromthisyearontherewasagradualdeclinereductioninthe,reachingafigureofa于b有共同之处ahassomethingincommonwithba与b之间的差别在于thedifferencebetweenaandbliesin年急剧上升。(year)witnessedsawasharprisein动态图表写作图表写作的词组存在着两个明显的划分一种是动态的(线段图表与柱状图表)一种是静止的(饼状图表与表格).前者的切入点在描述趋势后者则关注一种分配.无论是什么题目的动态图表无论题出的多难我们都要清醒的认识到那就是考官也逃不出如下的5个范畴它们分别是运动范畴程度范畴时间范畴数据范畴与连接范畴.动态图表写作在运动范畴中存在着如下的8种运动趋向:1保持平稳:我们可以使用的套用结构有:staystableremainsteady 举例:表示人口数量保持平稳的时候可以写:thenumberofpopulationstayedstablethenumberofpopulationremainedsteady 上升增加:我们可以使用的套用结构有:riseclimbincreaseascendmountaggrandize(增加) 举例:人口上升:thenumberofpopulationincreasedascendedmounted等等。 .下降减少:我们可以使用的套用结构有:falldropdecreasedescenddecline举例:人口减少:thenumberofpopulationdecreaseddeclined下降后保持平稳:这个线段前面是向下的后面是平的在表示这个平的时候我们就不可以使用remainsteady了我们要使用的结构是bottomout 举例:人口下降后保持平稳:thenumberofpopulationdecreasedandbottomedout 上升后保持平稳:在上升以后保持平稳我们需要使用leveloff 举例:人口上升后保持平稳:numberofpopulationmountedandleveledoff复苏:前面下降了以后然后就上升了这两条线段的连接点就叫复苏。英语中表达为recover 举例:人口下降后复苏:numberofpopulationdecreasedandrecovered 波动:这个就像我们的心电图一样。英语中叫fluctuate 举例:人口波动:numberofpopulationfluctuated 达到顶峰:peakreachitssummitreachitszenith 举例:人口到达了顶峰:numberofpopulationpeakedreacheditssummitreacheditszenith上面就是运动性线段的八种趋势了。但是上升下降波动是存在程度的。所以我们接下来要讨论的是程度的描述方法。程度只有两种缓慢和陡然。 缓慢的轻微的:graduallysmoothlysteadilyslightly 陡然的大幅度的:dramaticallysharplyconsiderablyappreciablygreatly举例:人口大幅度攀升:numberofpopulationmounteddramatically 人口轻微下降:numberofpopulationdecreasedslightly 人口逐渐下降:numberofpopulationdecreasedgradually这个两个范畴可以帮你搞定任何线段组的描述紧接下来我们要讨论的是如何将线段组与数据进行连接注意如下的介词使用 一remainsteadystaystableleveloffbottomoutpeakreachitspeakreachitszenith后面需要使用的是at举例:人口在万上保持平稳:numberofpopulationremainedsteadyatmillion 人口在万时到达了顶峰:numberofpopulationpeakedatmillion 下降后,人口在万保持平稳:afterdecreasing,numberofpopulationbottomedoutatmillion 上升后,人口在万保持平稳:aftermounting,numberofpopulationleveledoffatmillion二上升下降后面使用to(到)和by(了) 人口下降到万:numberofpopulationdecreasedtomillion 人口下降了万:numberofpopulationdecreasedbymillion 人口上升到万:numberofpopulationincreasedtomillion 人口上升了万:numberofpopulationincreasedbymillion 三recover的后面大家需要使用的是from 举例:人口在万时开始复苏:numberofpopulationrecoveredfrommillion四fluctuate的后面大家需要连接between…and… 举例:人口在和亿之间波动:numberofpopulationfluctuatedbetweenandbillion(那俩人是ADAM和EVE)DescribetrendsingraphsDescribetrendsingraphsTrytodescribethefollowinggraphinyourownwordsThenmatchthefollowinggraphswiththecorrespondingdescriptionsProductionstartedclimbingsteadilybutflattenedoffatalevelofaroundSincethen,ithasfallensteadilyProductiongrewmoreandmorerapidlyoverthefirstthreequartersbutthenreachedapeakSincethen,ithasquicklydroppedProductiongrewrapidlyinthefirstquarter,butreachedaplateauofaboutSincethenithasremainedmoreorlessstableProductionhasdroppedslowlybutsteadilyovertheyearProductionstartedtheyearinastableposition,butthenplungedinthethirdquarterIthasnowflattenedoutatalevelofProductionfellconsiderablyoverthefirstthreequarters,reachingalowofSincethenithasstagedapartialrecoveryProductionhasfluctuatedallyearProductionstartedoffsteady,butfellsharplyinthelastquarterProductionshowedamarginalriseinthefirstthreequarters,butthensufferedasharpdropAfteraconsiderabledropinthefirsttwoquarters,productionbottomedoutatSincethenithasstartedtoriseProductionhasexperiencedastrong,steadygrowthoverthewholeyearTherehasbeenaslightincreaseinproductionovertheyearTherewasarapiddropinproductioninthefirstquarter,butitbottomedoutataboutPiechartPiechartSinglePieChartParagraphDescribewhatsortofchartitisandwhatitisaboutParagraphDescribethesectionsofthegraphstartingwiththebiggestandworkingyourwaydownParagraphAshortconclusiongivinganoverallviewofwhatthechartisaboutThispiecharttellsusabouthowAmericansspendtheirmoneyThetotalexpenditureis$trillion,dividedintoelevencategoriesThehighestpercentageisspentonfood,drinkandtobacco:centsineverydollarHousingandhouseholdoperationsaccountedforcentseach,followedbytransportationwithcentsMedicalcare,clothingandjewellery,andrecreationrangedfromtocentsofthetotalwasspentonpersonalbusinesswhileonlywasspentonprivateeducationandresearchAtthebottomendwerepersonalcare,foreigntravelandreligiousandwelfareactivitiesAllthreetookjusteachofthetotalspentThischartshowsusthatoverhalfofthemoneyspentbyAmericanswasinconsumerdurablessuchasfoodanddrink,andhomesandhousemaintenanceIfweincludetransportthencentsineverydollarwasspentintheseareas(words)TwoPieChartsIfyouhavepiechartstheywillbegivingsimilarinformationsoyoucancomparethetwoThistypeofwritingissimilartoacompareandcontrastessayParagraphExplainthattheyarepiechartsandsaywhattheyaredescribingThisisthesameaslinegraphsexceptthereareParagraphComparethedatabetweenthetwochartsStartwiththebiggestsectorsandworkyourwaydownParagraphConclusionMentiontheimportantsimilaritiesanddifferencesUSElectricityThetwopiechartsillustratetheproductionofelectricityintheUSbysourceinandIngeneral,coalwasthemostimportantsourceofelectricalpowerinbothyears,althoughnuclearpowergrewinimportanceIn,coalpoweredstationswerethemainsourceofelectricity,producingofelectricity,andthisfigureincreasedtoinThesecondmostimportantsourceofpowerinwasfromnaturalgas,withalmostHowever,by,thishaddeclinedtojustHydroelectricpoweralsodeclinedoverthesameperiod,fromtolessthanIncontrast,nuclearenergygainedinimportanceItrosefromjustofproductionintoalmostin,atenfoldincreaseInsummary,moreelectricitywasproducedfromcoalandnuclearenergy,whilenaturalgas,hydroelectricpower,andoildeclinedinimportanceThetwopiechartsshowfourdiseasesinrichcountriesandthedevelopingworldIngeneral,themostsignificantdifferenceisthatinfectiousandparasiticdiseasesstillplaguemillionsofpeopleinpoorercountriesbutalmostnoneinwealthieronesFirst,indevelopingcountries,almosthalf,,ofallillnessesareduetoinfectiousandparasiticdiseasesHeartdiseaseisaclosesecondwithjustlessThirdcomescancerwithonlyFinallyotherdiseasesaccountforjustafraction,,ofalltheillnessesIncontrast,inaffluentcountries,otherdiseasesarethebiggestsegmentTheyaccountforovermorethanaroundabouthalf,,ofallillnessesFollowingthemcomesheartdiseasewith,aroundabouthalfthenumberrecordedfordevelopingcountriesCancerisnotfarbehindatastaggeringLast,infectiousandparasiticdiseasescompriseamereoftheailmentsToconclude,therearemajordifferencesbetweenthetworegionsintermsofdiseasesOverall,mostindividualsindevelopingcountriessufferfrominfectiousandparasiticdiseaseswhereaspeopleinrichernationsexperiencecancer,heartdisease,andawiderrangeofotherillnessesTypesofDiseasesinDevelopingandDevelopedCountries(paragraphs)ThetwopiechartsillustratefourdiseasesindevelopinganddevelopedcountriesOverall,thebiggestdifferenceisthatinfectiousandparasiticdiseasesarealmostnonexistentinwealthiernationsbutstillplaguemillionsofpeopleinpooreronesFirst,indevelopingcountries,nearlyhalf,,ofallillnessesstemfrominfectiousandparasiticdiseasesThisisinstarkcontrasttotheircounterpartswheretheycompriseonlyNext,heartdiseasetakesaclosesecondatindevelopingnationsitalsotakessecondplace,comprisingaboutaroundaquarterofallillnesses,indevelopedonesCancercomesfurtherdownthescaleindevelopinganddevelopedcountries,makingupjustandastaggeringrespectivelyFinally,thereareotherdiseasesinbothpoorerandrichernationsIntheformer,theyaccountforjustatinysegment,,whereasinthelattertheymakeupmorethanhalf,Allinall,therearesignificantdifferencesbetweenthetworegionsIngeneral,mostindividualsindevelopingcountriessufferfrominfectiousandparasiticdiseaseswhereaspeopleinricherlandsexperiencecancer,heartdisease,andawiderrangeofotherillnessesLinechartLinechartUndergroundStationPassengerNumbersThegraphshowsthefluctuationinthenumberofpeopleataLondonundergroundstationoverthecourseofadayThebusiesttimeofthedayisinthemorningThereisasharpincreasebetween:and:,withpeopleusingthestationato'clockAfterthisthenumbersdropquicklytolessthanato'clockBetweenamandpmthenumberrises,withaplateauofjustunderpeopleusingthestation Intheafternoon,numbersdecline,withlessthanusingthestationatpmThereisthenarapidrisetoapeakofatpmAfterpm,numbersfallsignificantly,withonlyaslightincreaseagainatpm,tailingoffafterpmOverall,thegraphshowsthatthestationismostcrowdedintheearlymorningandearlyeveningperiodsBarchartBarchartThechartshowsreasonswhyfirstyearstudentsfromoverseaschoseaparticularuniversityThesurveyof,firstyearoverseasstudentswascarriedoutatuniversitiesintheUKThetopthreereasonsarelanguageoftuition,qualityofteachers,anduptodateteachingfacilitiesAccordingtothegraph,themainreasonisthelanguageoftuitionAtpercentofthesample,itwasthemainreasonmoststudentsgaveforchoosingauniversityThesecondbiggestfactorwasqualityofteachers,at,followedbyfacilities,alsoatHowdoforeignstudentschoosewhichuniversitytogotointheUKNonteachingfactorswerealsoimportantTuitioncostswerequotedasareasonby,andlocationwasmentionedbyofstudentsThecostofaccommodationisalsoanimportantfactorforofrespondentsAlmosttwothirdsofstudentssaidthatthefriendlinessoftheuniversitywasimportantInconclusionthevariousfactorscanbedividedintotwogroups,namelythoserelatedtoteachingandnonteachingrelatedHowever,themostimportantarethelanguageandtheteacherstablestablesLookatthetablebelowandwriteashortcomparisonofhurricanesandtornadoesContinueonnextpageWritingexercisesWritingexercisesArecentsurveyanalyzedthechangeinnumberoffilmgoersandTVwatchersinXcityAsisshownbythegraph,therehasbeenasharpdeclineinthenumberoffilmgoersduringtheperiodfromto,addingupto,inOntheotherhand,thenumberofTVwatchershassteadilyincreaseinthelastdecade,reaching,inFinally,itisinterestingtonotethattherewereasmanyfilmgoersasTVwatchersinyearAccordingtothefiguresgivenbythegraph,theChinesefarmers’personalincomerosesteadilyfromtoInthemiddleof’stheirincomewasratherlowTheirannualpersonalincomewasaboutyuanButintheaveragepersonalincomeincreasedapproximately,reachingyuanAsisshownbythegraph,intheirincomedoubled,amountingtoyuanAfterthattherewasaconsistenttendencyforincometogrowInaword,duringtheperiodofyearsthefarmers’incomehadgoneuprapidly

用户评论(0)

0/200

精彩专题

上传我的资料

每篇奖励 +2积分

资料评价:

/58
1下载券 下载 加入VIP, 送下载券

意见
反馈

立即扫码关注

爱问共享资料微信公众号

返回
顶部