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Unit 3.ppt

Unit 3.ppt

上传者: robin 2010-03-25 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《Unit 3ppt》,可适用于外语资料领域,主题内容包含EnglishLexicologyEnglishLexicologyASandAP()ASmallReviewAwordisafreeminimal符等。

EnglishLexicologyEnglishLexicologyASandAP()ASmallReviewAwordisafreeminimalformAmorphemeisaunitforminimalmeaningReorganizationUnfeasibilitySuperconductivityModernizationNonrefundableDenationalizationElectrocardiographCFforgetmenotgoodfornothinghandbagUnit:MotivationandSourceofEnglishVocabularyUnit:MotivationandSourceofEnglishVocabularyMotivation:TwoSchools:naturalistandconventionalist)Soundmotivation:)Semanticmotivation:aMetaphorbmetonymy:csynecdochedanalogy:)Logicalmotivation:)Motivationandculture)LossofmotivationMotivation:ConnectionbetweennameandsenseTwoSchools:naturalistandconventionalistMotivation:ConnectionbetweennameandsenseTwoSchools:naturalistandconventionalistNameofsenseisdeterminedNaturalist:bysoundConventionalist:bytraditionandconventionInanylanguage,senseofwordisactuallyhabitualmakingratherthansoundechoingThereforeConventionalistisbasedonscientificrelationshipbetweensenseandwordofalanguage)Soundmotivation:(onomatopoeia))Soundmotivation:(onomatopoeia)ThereareonlyasmallpartofwordswhosedefinitionofmotivationisbysoundDogPigCowLionBird(Bowwow)(Woofwoof)(Grunt)(oink))(moomoo)(roar)(chirp)Pitpat(rain)ticktack(clock)Bell(ring)bang(door)Nosesound(sniff,snuffsnoresnort)Heavyandfall(dump,slump,crump,thump)PrimarySoundmotivationPrimarySoundmotivationFliesbuzzHenscluckCatsmewHorsesneighMicesqueakPigsgruntSnakeshissWolveshowlSecondarysoundmotivationSecondarysoundmotivationbreathnoiseSniffsnuffsnoresnortcreepingmovementsnakeSnail,sneak,snoop)Semanticmotivation:basedonmeaning)Semanticmotivation:basedonmeaningHehasaheartofstoneThecertainofnighthasfallenTherewerestormsofprotest(applause)Heisarabbit(alion,sonofbitch)Therearesheepandgoatsa)SimileAwidelyusedfigureofspeechfordirectcomparisonoftwoormorethingswhichpossesssimilaritybetweenandamongeachotherAsorlikeisoftenusedasthelinkforthisrhetoricdevice(AisasB,orAislikeB)HeeatslikeahorseandsleepslikealogIwonderedlonelyasacloudasbusyasbee,assureaseggsiseggsasdullasdoornail,asdirtyasditchwaterb)Metaphorb)MetaphorAnotherwidelyusedimaginaryrhetoricDevice,ieonethingisdescribedintermofanotherandthecomparisonbetweenthemIshiddenandimplied(implicit)(AisB)MilitarygloryisabubbleblownfrombloodThenewsisadaggertohisheartJoewasalioninbattleLearningisclimbingupthemountainMoneyisthelensinacameraIfasorlikeisadded,theybecomesimilecMetonymyByreplacingnamewithsomethingrelatedtoitCrown,turf,Whitehouse,WallstreetKing,Horseracing,USpresident,USfinancialcenterThePentagon,Xerox,BerlinMobileHome,FirstLady,!TherearethreeblacksinmyclassIt’shere,ZebracrossingIoftenreadLuxunHeisanotherHitlerThisisastoryofHamletMoreexamplesofMetonymyMoreexamplesofMetonymyThekettleisboiling(Actuallyitreferstothewaterinthekettle)LandbelongstothecrownExamplesofmetonymyUncleSam,DownUnder,HollywoodTheWhiteHouse,Beijing,Helend)SynecdocheThisfigureofspeechisputtingpartforwholeBothmetonymyandsynecdocheinvolvesubstitutionTrytotellthedifferencebetweenthemAmericaisthecountryofwheels(cars)cotton=clothesiron=golfclubpigskin=footballSail=shiproofs=housesMoreusedasrhetoricdevicese)Personification拟人AnimaginaryrhetoricdevicewherenonlivingsaredescribedaslivingsItisoftenusedinpoetryThewindisangryTheseabecomescalmThethirstydesertdrankupthewaterWindandrainnowwhippedthehouseTheelectricalsystemwaskilledbywaterf)EuphemismThefigureofspeechthroughwhichtheexpressionofaharshandunpleasanttruthismadeinagentleway(turningunpleasantintolessoffensive)Passaway=dieMayIgosomewhere(restroom)Heisoutvisitingthenecessary=(gotoWC)Thedisadvantaged=poorSanitaryengineer=dustmanMemorialpark=graveyardg)HyperholeandLitotesg)HyperholeandLitotesThefiguresofspeechusedforoverstatementandunderstatementofthingsI’mterriblysorry=abitsorry(H)Thanksamillion!(H)Tremendouspity!(H)It’snothingtobeproudof=disgraceful(L)It’squitegood=excellent(L)It’nolaughingmatter=serious(L)h)Ironyh)IronyIronyisafigureofspeechbysayingonethingbutjustmeaningtheoppositeHeissorichthathehasnothingleftbutmoneywithhimOh,wonderfultiming!(whenatworstsituation)HeisverybusywithnothingtodoMuchthanksI’vegotforit!i)Oxymoroni)OxymoronArhetoricalfigureproducesaneffectbymakingselfcontradictoryremarksHeisawisefool!WehadavictoriousdefeatTheygaveusacheerlesswelcomeMoreexamples:Innocentcriminal,livingdeathLovinghate,wordlesscryFalselytrue,nobleoutlawbravecoward,tearfuljoyj)Alliterationj)AlliterationThephonologicalrhetoricfigurewiththesameconsonantsatthebeginningofwordsThechildrencamebacksafeandsoundCarekillscatNexttohealth,heart,home,happinessformobileAmericansdependsupontheautomobileWindinwarmwanweatherk)Assonancek)AssonanceThephonologicalrhetoricfigurewiththesamevowelsinaphraseorsentencetoproducesoundeffectAwordintime,savesninePersevereandneverfearWisefearbegetscareAssnugasabuginarugNeversaydie,up,manandtryl)Punl)PunThisfigureofspeechoccurswhentwodifferentIdeasareexpressedinthesamewordorsentencestomakethelanguageamusingtothelistenerorreaderHewalkedintothebarDateAlreadymarriedLongtimenoseaThesenategetsthebillfromtheHouse,andwegetthebillforeverythingm)analogy:wordscreatedbyimitationofanotherwordWhitecollar,Bluecollar,PinkcollarWithin,WithoutAlcoholic,WorkaholicHamburger,fishhamricecreamSitin,workin,Sleepin,walkinSunrise,EarthriseAstronaut,Cosmonaut,TaikongnautInstantfoodnoodlesmarriagesoldier)Logicalmotivation:)Logicalmotivation:DefineaconceptbymeansoflogicThismeanssuchandsuchThismeanssomethingsimilarasthatFirstidentifytheconceptSecondidentifyitsspecificfeaturesdifferentfromitsgeneralconceptForexamplePoliticalEconomicSpiritualmoralcrisesIdentityCrisesSomeexamplesofwordsusedindifferentsituationSomeexamplesofwordsusedindifferentsituationClass,Order!Beer!WhatwordsdostudentsuseofteninclassIdon’tknowYouarerightWhatalphabeticalletterswillscareawayathiefWhatOICU(Oh,Iseeyou!))Motivationandculture)MotivationandcultureAllthewordsarefromcertainculturalsettingsAndTheyalsohaveimpactoncultureVictorian,Postmodernism,KnowledgebasedeconomyITindustryDINKSilkRoad,CulturalRevolution,ThreeRepresents,Layoff)Lossofmotivation)LossofmotivationThewordsnolongerretainitsoriginalrelationofnameandsenseLord(loafkeep)Pupil(monitororscholar)Result(jumpback)Seeyounexttime!Seeyounexttime!

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