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首页 hawthornen2534425344-8.pdf

hawthornen2534425344-8.pdf

hawthornen2534425344-8.pdf

上传者: lstnmyheart 2010-03-25 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《hawthornen2534425344-8pdf》,可适用于考试题库领域,主题内容包含TheScarletLetter,byNathanielHawthorneTheProjectGutenbergEBookofTheScarletL符等。

TheScarletLetter,byNathanielHawthorneTheProjectGutenbergEBookofTheScarletLetter,byNathanielHawthorneThiseBookisfortheuseofanyoneanywhereatnocostandwithalmostnorestrictionswhatsoeverYoumaycopyit,giveitawayorreuseitunderthetermsoftheProjectGutenbergLicenseincludedwiththiseBookoronlineatwwwgutenbergnetTitle:TheScarletLetterAuthor:NathanielHawthorneIllustrator:MaryHallockFooteLSIpsenReleaseDate:May,EBook#Language:EnglishCharactersetencoding:ISOTheScarletLetter,byNathanielHawthorne***STARTOFTHISPROJECTGUTENBERGEBOOKTHESCARLETLETTER***ProducedbyMarkusBrenner,IrmaSpeharandtheOnlineDistributedProofreadingTeamathttp:wwwpgdpnet(ThisfilewasproducedfromimagesgenerouslymadeavailablebyTheInternetArchiveAmericanLibraries)THESCARLETLETTERBYNATHANIELHAWTHORNEIllustratedIllustrationBOSTON:JAMESROSGOODANDCOMPANY,LATETICKNORFIELDS,ANDFIELDS,OSGOOD,COCOPYRIGHT,ANDBYNATHANIELHAWTHORNEANDJAMESROSGOODCOAllrightsreservedOctober,IllustrationIllustrationPREFACETOTHESECONDEDITIONMuchtotheauthor'ssurprise,and(ifhemaysaysowithoutadditionaloffence)considerablytohisamusement,hefindsthathissketchofofficiallife,introductorytoTHESCARLETLETTER,hascreatedanunprecedentedexcitementintherespectablecommunityimmediatelyaroundhimItcouldhardlyhavebeenmoreviolent,indeed,hadheburneddowntheCustomHouse,andquencheditslastsmokingemberinthebloodofacertainvenerablepersonage,againstwhomheissupposedtocherishapeculiarmalevolenceAsthepublicdisapprobationwouldweighveryheavilyonhim,wereheconsciousofdeservingit,theauthorbegsleavetosay,thathehascarefullyreadovertheintroductorypages,withapurposetoalterorexpungewhatevermightbefoundamiss,andtomakethebestreparationinhispowerfortheatrocitiesofwhichhehasbeenadjudgedguiltyButitappearstohim,thattheonlyremarkablefeaturesofthesketchareitsfrankandgenuinegoodhumor,andthegeneralaccuracywithwhichhehasconveyedhissincereimpressionsofthecharactersthereindescribedAstoenmity,orillfeelingofanykind,personalorpolitical,heutterlydisclaimssuchmotivesThesketchmight,perhaps,havebeenwhollyomitted,withoutlosstothepublic,ordetrimenttothebookbut,havingundertakentowriteit,heconceivesthatitcouldnothavebeendoneinabetterorakindlierspirit,nor,sofarashisabilitiesavailed,withaliveliereffectoftruthTheauthorisconstrained,therefore,torepublishhisintroductorysketchwithoutthechangeofawordSALEM,March,IllustrationCONTENTSTheScarletLetter,byNathanielHawthornePAGETHECUSTOMHOUSEINTRODUCTORYTHESCARLETLETTERITHEPRISONDOORIITHEMARKETPLACEIIITHERECOGNITIONIVTHEINTERVIEWVHESTERATHERNEEDLEVIPEARLVIITHEGOVERNOR'SHALLVIIITHEELFCHILDANDTHEMINISTERIXTHELEECHXTHELEECHANDHISPATIENTXITHEINTERIOROFAHEARTXIITHEMINISTER'SVIGILXIIIANOTHERVIEWOFHESTERXIVHESTERANDTHEPHYSICIANXVHESTERANDPEARLXVIAFORESTWALKXVIITHEPASTORANDHISPARISHIONERXVIIIAFLOODOFSUNSHINEXIXTHECHILDATTHEBROOKSIDEXXTHEMINISTERINAMAZEXXITHENEWENGLANDHOLIDAYXXIITHEPROCESSIONXXIIITHEREVELATIONOFTHESCARLETLETTERTheScarletLetter,byNathanielHawthorneXXIVCONCLUSIONIllustrationLISTOFILLUSTRATIONSDrawnbyMARYHALLOCKFOOTEandEngravedbyAVSANTHONYTheornamentalheadpiecesarebyLSIPSENPAGETHECUSTOMHOUSETHEPRISONDOORVIGNETTE,WILDROSETHEGOSSIPS"STANDINGONTHEMISERABLEEMINENCE""SHEWASLEDBACKTOPRISON""THEEYESOFTHEWRINKLEDSCHOLARGLOWED"THELONESOMEDWELLINGLONELYFOOTSTEPSVIGNETTEATOUCHOFPEARL'SBABYHANDVIGNETTETHEGOVERNOR'SBREASTPLATE"LOOKTHOUTOIT!IWILLNOTLOSETHECHILD!"THEMINISTERANDLEECHTHELEECHANDHISPATIENTTHEVIRGINSOFTHECHURCH"THEYSTOODINTHENOONOFTHATSTRANGESPLENDOR"HESTERINTHEHOUSEOFMOURNINGMANDRAKE"HEGATHEREDHERBSHEREANDTHERE"TheScarletLetter,byNathanielHawthornePEARLONTHESEASHORE"WILTTHOUYETFORGIVEME"AGLEAMOFSUNSHINETHECHILDATTHEBROOKSIDECHILLINGWORTH,"SMILEWITHASINISTERMEANING"NEWENGLANDWORTHIES"SHALLWENOTMEETAGAIN"HESTER'SRETURNTHECUSTOMHOUSEIllustration:TheCustomHouseTHECUSTOMHOUSEINTRODUCTORYTO"THESCARLETLETTER"Itisalittleremarkable,thatthoughdisinclinedtotalkovermuchofmyselfandmyaffairsatthefireside,andtomypersonalfriendsanautobiographicalimpulseshouldtwiceinmylifehavetakenpossessionofme,inaddressingthepublicThefirsttimewasthreeorfouryearssince,whenIfavoredthereaderinexcusably,andfornoearthlyreason,thateithertheindulgentreaderortheintrusiveauthorcouldimaginewithadescriptionofmywayoflifeinthedeepquietudeofanOldManseAndnowbecause,beyondmydeserts,IwashappyenoughtofindalistenerortwoontheformeroccasionIagainseizethepublicbythebutton,andtalkofmythreeyears'experienceinaCustomHouseTheexampleofthefamous"PP,ClerkofthisParish,"wasnevermorefaithfullyfollowedThetruthseemstobe,however,that,whenhecastshisleavesforthuponthewind,theauthoraddresses,notthemanywhowillflingasidehisvolume,ornevertakeitup,butthefewwhowillunderstandhim,betterthanmostofhisschoolmatesorlifematesSomeauthors,indeed,dofarmorethanthis,andindulgethemselvesinsuchconfidentialdepthsofrevelationascouldfittinglybeaddressed,onlyandexclusively,totheoneheartandmindofperfectsympathyasiftheprintedbook,thrownatlargeonthewideworld,werecertaintofindoutthedividedsegmentofthewriter'sownnature,andcompletehiscircleofexistencebybringinghimintocommunionwithitItisscarcelydecorous,however,tospeakall,evenwherewespeakimpersonallyBut,asthoughtsarefrozenandutterancebenumbed,unlessthespeakerstandinsometruerelationwithhisaudience,itmaybepardonabletoimaginethatafriend,akindandapprehensive,thoughnottheclosestfriend,islisteningtoourtalkandthen,anativereservebeingthawedbythisgenialconsciousness,wemayprateofthecircumstancesthatliearoundus,andevenofourself,butstillkeeptheinmostMebehinditsveilTothisextent,andwithintheselimits,anauthor,methinks,maybeautobiographical,withoutviolatingeitherthereader'srightsorhisownItwillbeseen,likewise,thatthisCustomHousesketchhasacertainpropriety,ofakindalwaysrecognizedinliterature,asexplaininghowalargeportionofthefollowingpagescameintomypossession,andasofferingproofsoftheauthenticityofanarrativethereincontainedThis,infact,adesiretoputmyselfinmytruepositionaseditor,orverylittlemore,ofthemostprolixamongthetalesthatmakeupmyvolume,this,andnoother,ismytruereasonforassumingapersonalrelationwiththepublicInaccomplishingthemainpurpose,ithasappearedallowable,byafewextratouches,togiveafaintrepresentationofamodeoflifenotheretoforedescribed,togetherwithsomeofthecharactersthatmoveinit,amongwhomtheauthorhappenedTheScarletLetter,byNathanielHawthornetomakeone*****InmynativetownofSalem,attheheadofwhat,halfacenturyago,inthedaysofoldKingDerby,wasabustlingwharf,butwhichisnowburdenedwithdecayedwoodenwarehouses,andexhibitsfewornosymptomsofcommerciallifeexcept,perhaps,abarkorbrig,halfwaydownitsmelancholylength,discharginghidesor,nearerathand,aNovaScotiaschooner,pitchingouthercargooffirewood,atthehead,Isay,ofthisdilapidatedwharf,whichthetideoftenoverflows,andalongwhich,atthebaseandintherearoftherowofbuildings,thetrackofmanylanguidyearsisseeninaborderofunthriftygrass,here,withaviewfromitsfrontwindowsadownthisnotveryenliveningprospect,andthenceacrosstheharbor,standsaspaciousedificeofbrickFromtheloftiestpointofitsroof,duringpreciselythreeandahalfhoursofeachforenoon,floatsordroops,inbreezeorcalm,thebanneroftherepublicbutwiththethirteenstripesturnedvertically,insteadofhorizontally,andthusindicatingthatacivil,andnotamilitarypostofUncleSam'sgovernmentishereestablishedItsfrontisornamentedwithaporticoofhalfadozenwoodenpillars,supportingabalcony,beneathwhichaflightofwidegranitestepsdescendstowardsthestreetOvertheentrancehoversanenormousspecimenoftheAmericaneagle,withoutspreadwings,ashieldbeforeherbreast,and,ifIrecollectaright,abunchofintermingledthunderboltsandbarbedarrowsineachclawWiththecustomaryinfirmityoftemperthatcharacterizesthisunhappyfowl,sheappears,bythefiercenessofherbeakandeye,andthegeneraltruculencyofherattitude,tothreatenmischieftotheinoffensivecommunityandespeciallytowarnallcitizens,carefuloftheirsafety,againstintrudingonthepremiseswhichsheovershadowswithherwingsNevertheless,vixenlyasshelooks,manypeopleareseeking,atthisverymoment,toshelterthemselvesunderthewingofthefederaleagleimagining,Ipresume,thatherbosomhasallthesoftnessandsnugnessofaneiderdownpillowButshehasnogreattenderness,eveninherbestofmoods,and,soonerorlater,oftenersoonthanlate,isapttoflingoffhernestlings,withascratchofherclaw,adabofherbeak,oraranklingwoundfromherbarbedarrowsThepavementroundabouttheabovedescribededificewhichwemayaswellnameatonceastheCustomHouseoftheporthasgrassenoughgrowinginitschinkstoshowthatithasnot,oflatedays,beenwornbyanymultitudinousresortofbusinessInsomemonthsoftheyear,however,thereoftenchancesaforenoonwhenaffairsmoveonwardwithaliveliertreadSuchoccasionsmightremindtheelderlycitizenofthatperiodbeforethelastwarwithEngland,whenSalemwasaportbyitselfnotscorned,assheisnow,byherownmerchantsandshipowners,whopermitherwharvestocrumbletoruin,whiletheirventuresgotoswell,needlesslyandimperceptibly,themightyfloodofcommerceatNewYorkorBostonOnsomesuchmorning,whenthreeorfourvesselshappentohavearrivedatonce,usuallyfromAfricaorSouthAmerica,ortobeonthevergeoftheirdeparturethitherward,thereisasoundoffrequentfeet,passingbrisklyupanddownthegranitestepsHere,beforehisownwifehasgreetedhim,youmaygreettheseaflushedshipmaster,justinport,withhisvessel'spapersunderhisarm,inatarnishedtinboxHere,too,comeshisowner,cheerfulorsombre,graciousorinthesulks,accordinglyashisschemeofthenowaccomplishedvoyagehasbeenrealizedinmerchandisethatwillreadilybeturnedtogold,orhasburiedhimunderabulkofincommodities,suchasnobodywillcaretoridhimofHere,likewise,thegermofthewrinklebrowed,grizzlybearded,carewornmerchant,wehavethesmartyoungclerk,whogetsthetasteoftrafficasawolfcubdoesofblood,andalreadysendsadventuresinhismaster'sships,whenhehadbetterbesailingmimicboatsuponamillpondAnotherfigureinthesceneistheoutwardboundsailorinquestofaprotectionortherecentlyarrivedone,paleandfeeble,seekingapassporttothehospitalNormustweforgetthecaptainsoftherustylittleschoonersthatbringfirewoodfromtheBritishprovincesaroughlookingsetoftarpaulins,withoutthealertnessoftheYankeeaspect,butcontributinganitemofnoslightimportancetoourdecayingtradeClusteralltheseindividualstogether,astheysometimeswere,withothermiscellaneousonestodiversifythegroup,and,forthetimebeing,itmadetheCustomHouseastirringsceneMorefrequently,however,onascendingthesteps,youwoulddiscernintheentry,ifitweresummertime,orintheirappropriaterooms,ifTheScarletLetter,byNathanielHawthornewintryorinclementweatherarowofvenerablefigures,sittinginoldfashionedchairs,whichweretippedontheirhindlegsbackagainstthewallOftentimestheywereasleep,butoccasionallymightbeheardtalkingtogether,invoicesbetweenspeechandasnore,andwiththatlackofenergythatdistinguishestheoccupantsofalmshouses,andallotherhumanbeingswhodependforsubsistenceoncharity,onmonopolizedlabor,oranythingelse,buttheirownindependentexertionsTheseoldgentlemenseated,likeMatthew,atthereceiptofcustoms,butnotveryliabletobesummonedthence,likehim,forapostolicerrandswereCustomHouseofficersFurthermore,onthelefthandasyouenterthefrontdoor,isacertainroomoroffice,aboutfifteenfeetsquare,andofaloftyheightwithtwoofitsarchedwindowscommandingaviewoftheaforesaiddilapidatedwharf,andthethirdlookingacrossanarrowlane,andalongaportionofDerbyStreetAllthreegiveglimpsesoftheshopsofgrocers,blockmakers,slopsellers,andshipchandlersaroundthedoorsofwhicharegenerallytobeseen,laughingandgossiping,clustersofoldsalts,andsuchotherwharfratsashaunttheWappingofaseaportTheroomitselfiscobwebbed,anddingywitholdpaintitsfloorisstrewnwithgraysand,inafashionthathaselsewherefallenintolongdisuseanditiseasytoconclude,fromthegeneralslovenlinessoftheplace,thatthisisasanctuaryintowhichwomankind,withhertoolsofmagic,thebroomandmop,hasveryinfrequentaccessInthewayoffurniture,thereisastovewithavoluminousfunnelanoldpinedesk,withathreeleggedstoolbesideittwoorthreewoodenbottomchairs,exceedinglydecrepitandinfirmandnottoforgetthelibraryonsomeshelves,ascoreortwoofvolumesoftheActsofCongress,andabulkyDigestoftheRevenueLawsAtinpipeascendsthroughtheceiling,andformsamediumofvocalcommunicationwithotherpartsoftheedificeAndhere,somesixmonthsago,pacingfromcornertocorner,orloungingonthelongleggedstool,withhiselbowonthedesk,andhiseyeswanderingupanddownthecolumnsofthemorningnewspaper,youmighthaverecognized,honoredreader,thesameindividualwhowelcomedyouintohischeerylittlestudy,wherethesunshineglimmeredsopleasantlythroughthewillowbranches,onthewesternsideoftheOldManseButnow,shouldyougothithertoseekhim,youwouldinquireinvainfortheLocofocoSurveyorThebesomofreformhasswepthimoutofofficeandaworthiersuccessorwearshisdignity,andpocketshisemolumentsThisoldtownofSalemmynativeplace,thoughIhavedweltmuchawayfromit,bothinboyhoodandmatureryearspossesses,ordidpossess,aholdonmyaffections,theforceofwhichIhaveneverrealizedduringmyseasonsofactualresidencehereIndeed,sofarasitsphysicalaspectisconcerned,withitsflat,unvariedsurface,coveredchieflywithwoodenhouses,fewornoneofwhichpretendtoarchitecturalbeauty,itsirregularity,whichisneitherpicturesquenorquaint,butonlytame,itslongandlazystreet,loungingwearisomelythroughthewholeextentofthepeninsula,withGallowsHillandNewGuineaatoneend,andaviewofthealmshouseattheother,suchbeingthefeaturesofmynativetown,itwouldbequiteasreasonabletoformasentimentalattachmenttoadisarrangedcheckerboardAndyet,thoughinvariablyhappiestelsewhere,thereiswithinmeafeelingforoldSalem,which,inlackofabetterphrase,ImustbecontenttocallaffectionThesentimentisprobablyassignabletothedeepandagedrootswhichmyfamilyhasstruckintothesoilItisnownearlytwocenturiesandaquartersincetheoriginalBriton,theearliestemigrantofmyname,madehisappearanceinthewildandforestborderedsettlement,whichhassincebecomeacityAndherehisdescendantshavebeenbornanddied,andhavemingledtheirearthysubstancewiththesoiluntilnosmallportionofitmustnecessarilybeakintothemortalframewherewith,foralittlewhile,IwalkthestreetsInpart,therefore,theattachmentwhichIspeakofisthemeresensuoussympathyofdustfordustFewofmycountrymencanknowwhatitisnor,asfrequenttransplantationisperhapsbetterforthestock,needtheyconsideritdesirabletoknowButthesentimenthaslikewiseitsmoralqualityThefigureofthatfirstancestor,investedbyfamilytraditionwithadimandduskygrandeur,waspresenttomyboyishimagination,asfarbackasIcanrememberItstillhauntsme,andinducesasortofhomefeelingwiththepast,whichIscarcelyclaiminreferencetothepresentphaseofthetownIseemtohaveastrongerclaimtoaresidencehereonaccountofthisgrave,bearded,sablecloakedandsteeplecrownedprogenitor,whocamesoearly,withhisBibleandhissword,andtrodetheunwornstreetwithsuchastatelyport,andmadesolargeafigure,asamanofwarandpeace,astrongerTheScarletLetter,byNathanielHawthorneclaimthanformyself,whosenameisseldomheardandmyfacehardlyknownHewasasoldier,legislator,judgehewasarulerintheChurchhehadallthePuritanictraits,bothgoodandevilHewaslikewiseabitterpersecutor,aswitnesstheQuakers,whohaverememberedhimintheirhistories,andrelateanincidentofhishardseveritytowardsawomanoftheirsect,whichwilllastlonger,itistobefeared,thananyrecordofhisbetterdeeds,althoughtheseweremanyHisson,too,inheritedthepersecutingspirit,andmadehimselfsoconspicuousinthemartyrdomofthewitches,thattheirbloodmayfairlybesaidtohaveleftastainuponhimSodeepastain,indeed,thathisolddrybones,intheCharterStreetburialground,muststillretainit,iftheyhavenotcrumbledutterlytodust!Iknownotwhethertheseancestorsofminebethoughtthemselvestorepent,andaskpardonofHeavenfortheircrueltiesorwhethertheyarenowgroaningundertheheavyconsequencesofthem,inanotherstateofbeingAtallevents,I,thepresentwriter,astheirrepresentative,herebytakeshameuponmyselffortheirsakes,andpraythatanycurseincurredbythemasIhaveheard,andasthedrearyandunprosperousconditionoftherace,formanyalongyearback,wouldarguetoexistmaybenowandhenceforthremovedDoubtless,however,eitherofthesesternandblackbrowedPuritanswouldhavethoughtitquiteasufficientretributionforhissins,that,aftersolongalapseofyears,theoldtrunkofthefamilytree,withsomuchvenerablemossuponit,shouldhaveborne,asitstopmostbough,anidlerlikemyselfNoaim,thatIhaveevercherished,wouldtheyrecognizeaslaudablenosuccessofmineifmylife,beyonditsdomesticscope,hadeverbeenbrightenedbysuccesswouldtheydeemotherwisethanworthless,ifnotpositivelydisgraceful"Whatishe"murmursonegrayshadowofmyforefatherstotheother"Awriterofstorybooks!WhatkindofabusinessinlifewhatmodeofglorifyingGod,orbeingserviceabletom

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