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首页 第五章 补全短文的必背解题技巧.doc

第五章 补全短文的必背解题技巧.doc

第五章 补全短文的必背解题技巧.doc

上传者: 不知道 2010-03-24 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《第五章 补全短文的必背解题技巧doc》,可适用于外语资料领域,主题内容包含全国职称英语考试考点速记手册第五章补全短文的必背解题技巧第一节补全短文的技巧补全短文题型中每个题目都是一个陈述句出现的位置不固定。这种题型不是要求你符等。

全国职称英语考试考点速记手册第五章补全短文的必背解题技巧第一节补全短文的技巧补全短文题型中每个题目都是一个陈述句出现的位置不固定。这种题型不是要求你写出答案而是从选项中选择。选项的数目要多于题目的数目。补全短文题型对阅读能力的要求较高同时也非常注重基础知识如语法、词汇知识的考查因此补全短文题型的难度较大是职称考试中最令考生头痛的题型之一。下面我们来共同探索一下补全短文题型的出题思路及解题技巧以下面这篇文章为例:【例】HomeSchoolingAllchildrenintheUnitedStateshavetoreceiveaneducation,butthelawdoesnotsaytheyhavetobeeducatedatschoolAnumberofparentsprefernottosendtheirchildrentoschoolDThereareabout,homeschoolersintheUnitedStatestodaySomeparentspreferteachingtheirchildrenathomebecausetheydonotbelievethatpublicschoolsteachthecorrectreligiousvalues,othersbelievetheycanprovideabettereducationalexperiencefortheirchildrenbyteachingthemathomeADavidGutersonandhiswifeteachtheirthreechildrenathomeGutersonsaysthathischildrenlearnverydifferentlyfromchildreninschoolCForexample,whenthereisheavysnowfallonawinterday,itmaystartadiscussionorreadingaboutclimate,snowremovalequipment,Alaska,polarbears,andwintertourismOraspringeveningwhenthefamilyisoutwatchingthestarsisagoodtimetoaskquestionsaboutsatellitesandthespaceprogramFHomeschoolingisoftenmoreinterestingthanregularschools,butcriticssaythathomeschoolersareoutsiderswhomightbeuncomfortablemixingwithotherpeopleinadultlifeBHowever,mostparentsdon'thavethetimeorthedesiretoteachtheirchildrenathome,soschoolswillcontinuetobewheremostchildrengettheirformaleducation练习:AInterestingly,resultsshowthathomeschooledchildrenquiteoftendobetterthanaverageonnationaltestsinreadingandmathBCriticsalsosaythatmostparentsarenotwellqualifiedtoteachtheirchildrenCLearningstartswiththechildren'sinterestsandquestionsDChildrenwhoareeducatedathomeareknownas"homeschoolers"EInsomecountries,therearechildrenwhoareeducatedbytheirparentsathomeinsteadofbyteachersatschoolFIftheBrazilianrainforestsareontheTVnews,itcouldbeaperfecttimetotalkabouthowrainforestsinfluencetheclimate,howdesertsareformed,andhowthepolaricecapsaffectoceanlevels解题方略:解每道题时只需要阅读该题所在段落不需要阅读其他段落。往往通过阅读该题目的前后句就能够确定答案。.利用转折关系来做题。对于题我们可以阅读其前面两句话可知法律没有规定孩子们必须在学校里接受教育这句话的潜台词就是有一些孩子没有在学校里接受教育那么他们在哪里接受教育呢?那么就学生而言atschool相对应的应该是athome所以选D。.利用归纳总结关系来做题。对于题出现在第一段的末尾。在这一段中一直在对比在学校里接受教育和在家里接受教育作为总结句应该对这两种教育形式的优劣作出对比总结。在六个选项中只有A和E提到了这两种教育形式但只有A正确其中的results暗示了正确答案。.利用总分关系来解题。对于题从例证词forexample我们就可得知空中必须出现一个具有概括意义的名词而且这个名词必须包括Forexample后所举的例子。通过阅读题后面的句子:冬天下雪时他们与孩子讨论有关气候问题与除雪设备讨论阿拉斯加、北极熊、冬季旅游等话题。在春天的夜晚举家出去看星星然后问孩子一些有关卫星、太空项目等方面的问题。这些讲的是孩子感兴趣的话题因此正确答案选C。.利用并列关系解题。对于题应当是题的延续。题作为第二段的最后一句要么是对该段的总结要么是Forexample后例证的并列。作为总结性的答案在选项中已经没有了只可能是并列关系因此选F。.利用关键词来解题。对于题我们可以完全用关键词来解题。在最后一段第一句中出现了critics这个单词由此可见该段主要讲批评家对homeschooling所持的态度在六个选项中只有B答案中出现了critics这个词因此只能选B。.利用时间关系来解题。我们以下面这篇文章为例:【例】HowtodowellinexamsDonotunderestimatethepowerofrevisioninthedaysandhoursbeforeanexaminationThecloseryouaretotheexam,themorechanceyouhaveofstoringandretainingcrucialinformationButdonotoverdoitAneffectivedailyroutinecanhelpyouthroughanexamperiod,sointhedaysleadinguptoyourfirstexam,getintothehabitofbeingupandreadytowordbygameItcanbeashocktothesystemaftermonthsofworkingtoyourowntimetabletobementallyalertatthattimeifyouhavenotpreparedforitOnthedayoftheexam,haveagoodbreakfast,packtowofeverythingyouneed(pens,pencils,erasers,etc),thenmakeyourwaytotheexaminationhallingoodtimeOnceinyourseat,simplypauseforafewsecondsandcollectyourthoughtsCloseyoureyesandtakeinafewslow,deepbreathstohelpyourelaxWhenyouturnoverthetestpaper,spendashotperiodreadingthroughalltheinstructionsandquestions,payingparticularattentiontokeyverbssuchas"discuss","compare"and"evaluate"ItisalwayswisetoallowminutesattheendoftheexamtogiveyourselftimetogobackoveryouranswersOnceyouhaveselectedthequestionsyouwishtotackle,beginbyattemptingtheoneyouthinkisyourstrongestItwillgiveyoumoreconfidencewhenyouseeawellansweredquestiondownonpaperAlsoremembertowriteclearly,anddonotbeafraidtoexpresstheunexpected:afterall,examinerscangetveryboredmarkingstereotypicalanswersIfyoudoneedsomethingelsetofocusontohelpyoucollectyourthoughts,chooseafixtureintheroom,suchastheceilingoranythingelsethatwillnotallowyoutobedistractedFinally,onceyouhavefinished,neverhangaroundoutsideafterwardstoattendthediscussionbyotherstudents上述这篇文章的正确答案为DAEBCATrynotobecontempttolookatthosearoundyou,orattheclockBWhenyougethome,readtheexaminationpaperthroughandlookuptheotherwordsyoudidn'tunderstandCSleepexerciseandrelaxationarealljustasimportantDMapoutaquickplanofpointsyouwishtomakeandhowmucktimeyoushouldspendoneachquestionEGoandhaveawellearnedrestthenprepareforyouarenextexamFDonotarrivetooearly,though,asotherpeople'sanxietycanbecontagious(传染性的),andyoumaysufferfromunduepanic这是按照考试的先后顺序来确定正确答案的。第二节补全短文基础练习WTOTheWorldTradeOrganizationisaninternationalorganizationthatpromotestradeingoodsandservicesbetweennationsMostnationsbelongtotheWorldTradeOrganization,oftencalledtheWTOAWTOmembernationhasbothrightsandresponsibilitiesThemainresponsibilityofamembernationistofollowWTOguidelinesoninternationaltradeAnotherimportantruleinvolvestheresolutionoftradedisputesIncaseofdisagreementoveratradeissue,amembernationagreestosubmitthecasetoaWTOcommitmentsforreviewIfthecommitteefindsthatacountryhasviolateditsWTOcommitments,BTheWorldTradeOrganizationwasfoundedinItabsorbedtheGeneralAgreementonTariffsandTrade(GATT),whichcoverstradeinmanufacturedandagriculturalgoodsTheWTOalsoregulatestradeinservicesandinintellectualproperty,ATheWTOisoneofthreemajororganizationsthatoverseeinternationaleconomicrelationsamonggovernmentsTheothertwoaretheInternationalMonetaryFund,whichworkstoimprovepaymentarrangementsandotherfinancialdealingsbetweencountries,andtheWorldBank,FWTOheadquartersareinGeneva,SwitzerlandAwhichincludessuchcreationsasbooks,computersoftware,andrecordingsBthecountrymusteitherchangeitspracticesorfaceincreasedtaxesonitsexportsCWTOplaysaimportantroleinthetradebetweennationsDThemostimportantrightguaranteesthat,exceptinspecialcircumstances,acountry'sexportgoodsandservicesgetthesameimporttaxes,thatis,tariffs,andothertraderestrictionsEForexample,amembernationmusttreattheexportsofallWTOmembersequallyFwhichprovidesloanstopoorernationsforeconomicdevelopment基础练习答案:DEBAF

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