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首页 Oedipus_Tyrannos.pdf

Oedipus_Tyrannos.pdf

Oedipus_Tyrannos.pdf

上传者: 小龙 2010-03-24 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《Oedipus_Tyrannospdf》,可适用于外语资料领域,主题内容包含OedipusTyrannosDramatisPersonaeOEDIPUStyrantofThebesJOCASTAhiswifeCREONhis符等。

OedipusTyrannosDramatisPersonaeOEDIPUStyrantofThebesJOCASTAhiswifeCREONhisbrotherinlawTIRESIAStheblindprophetofApolloCHORUSofeldersofThebesAPRIESTFIRSTMESSENGERSECONDMESSENGERAHERDSMANSilentRolesBOYTiresias’sguideANTIGONEdaughterofOedipusandJocastaISMENEdaughterofOedipusandJocastaPrologueThegatewayofthepalaceofOedipusinThebesTherearealtars,rightandleftAgroupofSUPPLIANTShascomewithbranchesofoliveleavesinwhichstrandsofwoolhavebeentwined,andamongtheseisaPRIESTFromthecentraldoorthatleadsintothepalace,OEDIPUSentersOEDIPUSMychildren,thelatesttospringfromCadmus’stock,whydoyousitbeforemyhousewithyourvotivegarlandsThewholecityisfilledwithwailing,lamentations,andprayerstoApolloIncensefillstheairIhavenotsenttoinquirebuthavecomemyselftohearfromyoudirectly,I,Oedipus,whomallcallfamousTothePRIESTYou,sir,asapriestandelder,youareafittingspokesmanSaywhatthepeoplefearorwhattheydesireWhatcanIdotobehelpfulinanywayIamnothardofheartandcannotbutfeelpityinthefaceofsuchsupplicationPRIESTOedipus,rulerofourcountry,seehowweallassemblehereatyouraltars,thefledglingyoung,others,likeme,apriestofZeus,boweddownwithage,andothersstillwhoarechosenfromamongtheunmarriedyouth,withourolivechapletshereandintheagora,atAthena’sOedipusTyrannosshrine,andatthetemple,too,whereIsmenusinterpretsthetonguesoffireThecity,stormtossed,cannotliftherprowfrombeneaththekillingwavesThebudsareblightedanddonotripentofruit,thecattleareblightedtoo,andourwomenbirthdeadbabiesThegodwhocarriesfirehasvisiteduswithfeveredpestilencetoharrythehouseofCadmusandallThebesBlackPlutoreapsatreasureofgroansandtearsWedonotcometothisaltarassuppliantstoagodbuttoyouasthefirstmanofthecity,wiseinthewaysoftheworldandevenconversantwithhigherpowers,foryouweretheonewhosavedus,puttinganendtothecruelsongsoftheSphinxandtheterribletollsheexactedThisyouaccomplishedwithoutanyhelpfromanyofus,whohadnoinstructionorloretoofferItwasbyyourownwitandstrength,godgiven,thatyouthensetourlivesarightAndnowwecomeagain,toimploreyourhelpandbegforyourprotectionwhetherthroughmortalshrewdnessorheavenlypromptingInsuchtimesoftrouble,menwhoconsulttogetherhaveabetterchanceofsurvivalObestofmen,rescuethecity,raiseusupWelooktoyouwhoarefamousforyourzealyearsagoLetyourreignnotbeanymockeryofarescuethatonlypostponedourruinSaveusandkeepusLetthatotheroccasionbeanomenofagoodoutcomeyetagainYouareourrulerandcannotwishtopresideOedipusTyrannosoveranemptycityofdeathandsilence,sorryassomeghostshiporabandoneddwellingOEDIPUSIpityyou,mychildren,andknowyoursorrowsandwhyyouhavecomeIunderstandthereissickness,butnoneisassickasIamYoueachfeelpainalone,butIfeelallyourpainstogether,andmysoulcriesoutformyselfandallofThebesYouhavenotarousedmefromasleep,forIhavebeenruminatingaboutthis,weepingandwanderingmanywindingroadsofthoughtOneremedyhaveIfound,andthisI’veapplied,sendingCreon,Menoeceus’son,mywife’sbrother,toconsultinthePythianhallofPhoebusApolloatDelphiandaskbywhatwordordeedImayhealandprotectthecityIhavecountedthedayssinceheleftandamconcerned,wonderinghowhehasfaredHeshouldbynowhavereturnedButIassureyou,whenhearrives,mayImyselfturnouttobethevillainifIdonottakewhatactionthegodhasprescribedPRIESTYourwordsarereassuringandopportune,formenevennowaresignalingCreon’sapproachOEDIPUSIpraytoApollothathemaycomebrighteyed,hisfacealightwiththeknowledgeweallrequireOedipusTyrannosPRIESTIcanseethathisheadiscrownedwithawreathoflaurelleaves,sohemaybebringingcomfortOEDIPUSWe’llfindoutsoonenoughHeiswithinhailingdistanceEnterCREONCreon,mybrotherinlaw,Menoeceus’son,whatnewshaveyoucometobringusfromthegodCREONGoodnews!I’dsaythatourtroublesarehardtobear,butifonecanseeanendtothem,that’sgoodOEDIPUSWhatisthemessage,exactlyItishardtotellhowthebalancetiltsbetweenourworriesandhopesCREONShallItellyouhere,infrontofthepeopleIcanOrwouldyoupreferthatwegoinsidetotalkOEDIPUSSpeakoutandletthemallhearitassoonasIdoIlamentforthemasmuchasformyselfCREONIwillreportthenwhatIheardfromthegodLordApolloordersusinplainwordstodrivefromourlandthesourceofitspollution,onethatthecountryhasnourishedThisdefilementwecanfeednomoreuntilitisdestroyedOedipusTyrannosOEDIPUSWhatdefilementAndhowdowepurifyCREONThepurificationisbanishmentThefoulnessisbloodshed,whichmustberepaidwithbloodThewindsofthatguilthavebeenbatteringourcityOEDIPUSWhosemurderWhatman’sfatedoesthegodrevealCREONMylord,itisLaius,whowaslordbeforeyoucameOEDIPUSI’veheardofhim,ofcourse,butIneversawhimCREONThegodwasclear:hewaskilledhiskillershavetobepunishedwhoevertheymaybeOEDIPUSButwherearetheyWhereshallsuchanancientandfainttrackofguiltbefoundandfollowedCREONHere,inthiscountry,hesaidAndwemustfinditorelsewhoeveritwascouldgetawayOEDIPUSWherewasitthatLaiusmethisbloodyendInhishouseInthefieldsOrinsomeothercountryOedipusTyrannosCREONLaiusleftthecityandwasonhiswaytoDelphi,orsohesaidHenevercamehomeOEDIPUSSurelytherewereservants,attendantsDidnocompanionsurvivewhocouldreportwhathappenedCREONTheywereallkilledbutone,whoranaway,andcouldsaynothingforcertainexceptonethingOEDIPUSOnecluemightleadtoanotherAtleastit’saplaceforustostartWhatdidhesayCREONThattheymetwithabandofrobbersItwasn’toneman’sstrengththatkilledthemallbutthehandsofmanymenOEDIPUSHowcouldtherobbersdareassaultthekingUnlessitwasaplotandsomebodypaidthemCREONThereweresomewhothoughtthat,butinthosetroubledtimes,weneverfoundoutormadeanyprogressatallOEDIPUSTroubledtimesThekinghadbeenkilledWhatgreatertroublecouldhaveinterferedwithyoursearchOedipusTyrannosCREONThatwasthetimeoftheSphinx,herterribleriddle,andthetributeshedemandedWeweredealingwiththatOEDIPUSIshallbeginagain,andintothatdarknesscastwhatlightisneeded,forPhoebusisright,andyouarealsorighttobeconcernedaboutthedeathofthatmanItcallsoutforjusticeforhissakeandthecountry’sandthegods’sothatyouwilllookuponmeasanallyItisnotanabstractdutythatimpelsme,butIactinmyowninterestdrivingawaythissourceofpollutionWhoeverkilledhimcouldturnhisviolenceinmydirectionIacttodefendhimbutIalsodefendmyselfComethen,mychildren,risefromthesesteps,takeuptheseboughsofsupplicationandleavethesealtarsWeshallcallanotherassemblynowofthepeopleofCadmus’citytoletthemknowthatIshalltakeeverypossiblemeasureinthisendeavor,and,withthehelpofthegods,succeedaswemustforotherwiseweshallallperishPRIESTArise,childrenWhathehaspromisedusiswhatwecametoaskforMayPhoebusApollowhosenttheseprophecieshelpusendthisplagueThePRIESTandtheSUPPLIANTSexitstagerightOEDIPUSandCREONexitintothepalacethroughthecenterdoorsThentheCHORUSofThebaneldersentersfromtheorchestrainprocessionOedipusTyrannosParodosFIRSTCHORISTERWhatisthissweetwordthathascomefromthegoldrichPytho,inspiredbyZeusandApollo,togloriousThebesSECONDCHORISTERIamfilledwithterror,Ogod,healerfromDelos,whommeninvokeinawebothindoubtandamazementTHIRDCHORISTERWhatwillyounowaccomplish,whatmiraclebringus,creatingorrecreating,astheseasonsrevolveCHORUSSpeaktous,earthsustainingchildofZeus,immortalAthenaFIRSTCHORISTEROnyouIcall,andyoursisterArtemis,ourprotector,onherthroneofFameSECONDCHORISTERShepresidesinthemarketplaceAndfardartingApollo,wepraytoyouaswelltowardoffdoomOedipusTyrannosTHIRDCHORISTERInlonggoneages,whendestructionloomed,youdroveruin’sflamesfarfromourgatesCHORUSCometousnow,youthree,tohelpusagain!FIRSTCHORISTERWhocancountourtroublesThecontagionspreadsWehavenomeanstofightitandthelandissickSECONDCHORISTERThefruitsofthegloriousearthwitheranddie,fromthepainsofwomeninchildbirthcometinycorpsesTHIRDCHORISTERSwiftassparksoffire,theirsoulstakeflightlikebirdsonthewingheadingWest,toHades’darkhouseCHORUSTheirdeathsarebeyondcountingthecityisdyingFIRSTCHORISTERBodies,unburied,unmourned,arestrewnbytheroadsideOedipusTyrannosAtaltars,wivesandoldwomengroanintheirgriefSECONDCHORISTERThelandisalivewithhymnstoApollotheHealer,anddescantsoflamentationinmodesofwoeTHIRDCHORISTERFromthesemanyafflictions,goddessAthena,daughterofZeus,grantusprotectionandhealingCHORUSGods,goddesses,hearourferventprayersFIRSTCHORISTERAres,thesavagegod,withouthisshield,sendsdownthefireoffever,shoutingattackSECONDCHORISTERLethimturnhisbackandleaveourlandfortheOceanofAmphitriteortheThracianseaTHIRDCHORISTERWhateverNighthasspared,DaydashesdownOedipusTyrannosStrikewargod,Zeus,withyourboltsfromaboveCHORUSForyouwieldthepowertosaveaswellasdestroyFIRSTCHORISTERLordofthebrighthills,mightyApollo,IpraisetheinvinciblearrowsyousendbringingaidSECONDCHORISTERAndArtemis’fierytorchesshebrandishesthereintheLycianmountains,aresignalsofhelpOEDIPUSentersfromthepalaceCHORUSAndruddyBacchus,too,withtheturbanofgold,theMaenads’companion,towhomtheycryinthenightEvohé,evohé!,drawnearwithtorchesofpinewood,comeinjoytofendoffthehostilegod!SceneIOEDIPUSYouwanttheplaguetoendandlooktomeIofferrelieffromourtroubles,butneedyourhelpandthereforeIspeakthesewordsHavingarrivedafterthedeedwasdone,IwasastrangerOedipusTyrannosandhadnopartinthestoryAcitizennow,Ineverthelessneedyourhelpinthismatter,andIissuethisproclamationtoallchildrenofCadmusWhoeveramongyouknowsbywhosehandsLaius,Labdacus’son,waskilled,IcommandhimtospeakatonceandtellmeallEvenifhehimselfwastheculpritandfearsthepenaltyofdeath,IpromisehimsafetyHeshallbeallowedtoleaveourlandunharmedButifsomeonewhowasnothimselfinvolvedhasinformationaboutanotherThebanorforeignerwhomheknowstobeguilty,lethimnotbesilent,forIcanshowgratitudeanddispensetherichrewardthatshallbehisLetmebeclearOnewhoignoresthisorderandkeepssilentinfearforhimselforafriendshouldknowwhatwillhappen,forIforbidallthoseoverwhomIruletoreceivehimintheirhomes,orspeaktohim,orlethimshareintheirprayersandsacrificestogods,orlethimtouchholywater,butallmustdrivehimforthbecauseheisthesourceofthispollutionandthePythiahasrevealedtomeApollo’swillInthegod’sservicedoIfightandalsoonbehalfofthemanwhodiedAsforthekiller,whoeverheis,whetherheactedaloneorwithothers,IpraythathesufferalifeofpainasmiserableasheisAndwhoeverhasknowinglygivenhimshelter,myselfincluded,mayhesufferunderthiscurseIchargeyouinthisformysake,forthegods,andforthewretchedlandthegodshavestricken,OedipusTyrannosforevenhadthegodsnotsentthisplague,itwouldhavebeenwrongtohaveleftthelandsostainedwithguiltunpurifiedAkingwasmurderedAgreatmanwaskilled,andyouneverfoundwhoeverdidthisthingInowholdthepowerheonceheld,andhavetakentowifethewomanhemarriedHadhebeenblessedwithchildren,hisandminewouldhavehadtheonemotherincommonButhewaschildless,andthereforeitismydutytofightonhisbehalfasifhehadbeenmyownfatherIshallgotoanylengthanddowhateverisneededtohuntdownthekillerofLaius,sonofLabdacus,sonofPolydorus,whosprangfromtheancientlineofCadmusandbeforehimancientAgenorForthosewhostandbyanddonothing,Ipraythatthegodsmaypunishthemastheydeservenocropsfromtheearth,nochildrenfromtheirwives,nothingbutwhatafflictsusnow,orevenworse,sothattheyperishButtoyou,whoapprovethesewordsandjoinwithmetofightforJustice,myblessingsMaythegodskeepandprotectyouintheirgraceFIRSTCHORISTERYouhaveputmeonmyoath,myLord,andIswearthatIdidnotkillhimorknowwhodidAndyetIwonder,ifApollohassentthismessage,shouldhenotalsotelluswhodidthecrimeOEDIPUSThatwould,ofcourse,beconvenientButonecannotforcethegodsunlesstheychoosetodoaswe’dlikeOedipusTyrannosSECONDCHORISTERMayIperhapssuggestthenextbestthingOEDIPUSNextbest,oreventhirdbestSaywhatitis!SECONDCHORISTERIamthinkingofthemortalwhosesightisclosesttothatofApolloWemustaskhimthequestionFromthegreatTiresiaswemaylearnthetruthOEDIPUSIhavethoughtofthatalreadyandatCreon’ssuggestionhavesenttwomentofetchhimhereIwonderthathehasnotalreadyarrivedFIRSTCHORISTEREverythingelseisrumorandspeculationOEDIPUSWhatrumorsIwanttoknowanythingthatcouldhelpFIRSTCHORISTERItwassaidthathewaskilledbymenontheroadOEDIPUSI’veheardthat,tooThequestionis,bywhomFIRSTCHORISTERWhoeverheis,ifhehasanyfearwithinhim,havingheardofyourcurses,hewillnottarryhereOEDIPUSFearlessenoughtocommitthecrime,hemaynotworrytoomuchaboutmerewords,evenmineOedipusTyrannosSECONDCHORISTERButhereisthemanwhocanfindhimandconvicthim,thegodlikeprophetabletoseethetruthEnterTIRESIAS,ledbytheBOYwhoguideshimOEDIPUSYouwhoknowallthingsthatcanbeexplainedandmuchbeyondexplanationinheavenandearth,eventhoughyoucannotsee,youseethesicknessthatafflictsthecityandeventhereasonforthatsicknessTiresias,youarethechampionweneed,theprotectorandguideNodoubtyouhaveheardthewordthatcomesfromDelphiThegodhastoldustheendoftheplaguewouldcomeonlyifwefoundthekillersofLaiusandeitherkilledthemorsentthemintoexileDothenwhateveryoudo,withbirdsorothermeansofdivinationtosaveyourself,thecity,me,andallofusfrompollutionthatattachestothatdeathWeareinyourhandsForyoutouseyourgiftsinsuchacrisisandhelpuswithyourinsightwouldbemostnobleTIRESIASHowterribleitistohavetheknowledgethatdoestheonewhoknowsitnogoodatallIknow,butknowenoughtohavekeptquietIwouldnot,onmyown,havecomeheretodayOEDIPUSWhat’swrongWhydoyouseemsospiritlessOedipusTyrannosTIRESIASLetmegohomeagainDoasIsayItwillbebetterthatwayforbothofusOEDIPUSThatisunhelpfulandunfriendlyTothisgreatcitythatrearedyou,youowemorethansilenceTIRESIASYourspeechmissesthemark,andIfearthatthesamewouldhappentomeifIweretospeakOEDIPUSIfyouknow,Ibegyou,tellusDonotturnawayIimploreyou,asdoallofushereTIRESIASYouareignorant,allIshallneverrevealmysorrowsOrspeakofyoursOEDIPUSWhatareyoutellingusYouknowbutrefusetohelpThatyouwillbetrayanddestroythecityTIRESIASIdonotwanttogivepaintoyouormyselfYouquestionmeinvainYouwilllearnnothingOEDIPUSMostwickedofwickedmen,youwouldenragearock!Whatkindofprophetknowsbutwillnotsay,silent,proud,andutterlyuselessOedipusTyrannosTIRESIASYoublamemyanger,butyoudonotseeyourownOnlylookatyourself,findingfaultwithmeOEDIPUSWhowouldnotbeangry,hearingyourwordsandseeingthelackofrespectyoushowthecityTIRESIASEvenifIkeepsilent,theevilwilloutOEDIPUSIsthatnotareasonforyoutotellmenowTIRESIASIwillsaynotanotherwordNow,rageasmuchasyoulikeatmeandventyourangerOEDIPUSIaminfuriatedenoughtosaywhatIbegintosuspectthatyouyourselftooksomepartinthekilling,inciting,orplanningYoudidnot,withyourownhands,committhemurder,butifyouwerenotblind,Iwouldn’thaveruledthatoutTIRESIASafterapauseVerywell,thenIcallonyoutoobeythatproclamationofyours,anddonotspeaktomeortoanyonehereForyouaretheoneUnholy,youaretheonewhopollutesofthislandOedipusTyrannosOEDIPUSWildandshamelessYouthinkyoucangetawaywithmakingsuchanimplausibleaccusationTIRESIASIhaveescapedalreadyThetruthprotectsmeOEDIPUSFromwhomdidyougetthisOrdidyoudreamthisupbyyourpropheticartTIRESIASIgotitfromyouYouweretheonewhoforcedmetospeakupOEDIPUSIforcedyouThensayitagainmoreclearlyTellmesothatIunderstandwhatyoumeanTIRESIASWhatIsaidwasperfectlyclear,IthinkOEDIPUSCleartoyoubuttonobodyelseExplainitTIRESIASYouarethemurdereryouarelookingforOEDIPUSYouhavethegalltorepeatthisoutrageouschargeTIRESIASWouldyouliketohearsomethingtomakeyouangrierstillOedipusTyrannosOEDIPUSGoahead,aslongasyou’rewastingbreathTIRESIASItellyouthenthat,althoughyouareunaware,youandyourlovedonesarelivinginshamefulrelationshipsthatmenwouldcallloathsomeOEDIPUSYoudaretosaysuchthingsYouevenenjoyit!TIRESIASWhatIdareissimplytolovethetruthOEDIPUSWhatwouldyouknowoftruthYouareblindnotonlyineyesbutinearsandalsoinyourmindTIRESIASGoon,insultmeThetimewillcomesoonenoughwhenyoushallbehearingworse,everywherealwaysOEDIPUSIntheconstantdarknessinwhichyoulive,youcannothurtmeoranyoneelsewhoseesinthelightTIRESIASYourfallwillnotbeofmydoingApollohasitinmindhimselftobringthisaboutOEDIPUSDidCreonsaythisOristhisyourideaOedipusTyrannosTIRESIASNevermindCreonThetroubleisinyourselfOEDIPUSInaway,IagreewithyouthatrichesandtalentandkinglypowerprovokeenvyandhatredWhatthecityplacedinmyhandsasafreewillgiftIneveraskedforThepowertorulehasresultedinCreon’stransparentmachinationsMyfriend,mywife’sbrother,hassetuponmewithplotsandlongstosupplantmeHesetsuponmethiswizard,thisschemingbeggar,blindexceptforthevisionofprofitthatshinesbrightbeforehimHisartofseeingintothepastandfutureismerelygreedRemembertheSphinxwithherterribleriddleIfyouweresuchaseer,whycouldyounotanswerherquestionandsavethecitizensWhatdidyourclaimsaboutsignsfrombirdsandhintsfromgodsadduptoIwastheonewhohitthemark,usingmy

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