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首页 语法总复习 不定式to do 用法归纳一(公开课课件)

语法总复习 不定式to do 用法归纳一(公开课课件).ppt

语法总复习 不定式to do 用法归纳一(公开课课件)

一米阳光
2019-02-27 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《语法总复习 不定式to do 用法归纳一(公开课课件)ppt》,可适用于综合领域

todo否定式:nottodo分析下面的不定式在句子中作什么成分ToseeistobelieveYourtaskistocleantheclassroomIexpectyoutogivemesomehelpShewasverybusyandhadnotimetovisitherfriendsHespokeloudly(soasinorder)tobeheard主语宾语表语宾补定语状语归纳:todo在句子中可做:主、宾、表、补、定、状不定式(一)学习下面句子归纳用法。TodomorningexercisesisusefulforourhealthTocatchthe:busearlyinthemorningisnotagoodideaItrsquosimportantforustolearnEnglishwellItisnotagoodideatocatchthe:busearlyinthemorning归纳:不定式作主语表示具体的某次动作。若不定式结构比较复杂常用it作形式主语真正的主语放在句子的后面。高考链接()(真题改编middot山东)It#sstandardpracticeforacompanylikethisone(employ)asecurityofficertoemploy(二)学习下面句子归纳用法。HisdreamistobeadoctorMyworkistocleantheroomeverydayMywishistobecomeateacher.归纳:不定式作表语表示将来的情况说明主语的内容。其主语常常是wish,idea,task,purpose,duty,job等表示意向、打算、计划的词。练习:Yourjobtodayis(clean)theplaygroundtoclean(三)学习下面句子归纳用法。ThedriverfailedtoseetheothercarintimeHecan#taffordtobuytheexpensivecarIthinkitusefultolearnaforeignlanguageIfeelitmydutytosaythatyouarewrong归纳:不定式作宾语常跟在某些动词后。不定式作宾语动词口诀决心学会选计划拒绝答应想假装主动设法愿希望同意请求帮一帮准备威胁易声称渴望申请败踌躇。其对应的动词分别为:decidedetermine,learn,choose,plan,refuse,promise,wantattempt,pretend,offer,manage,expectwishhope,agree,askbeg,help,prepare,threaten,tend,claim,desirelong,apply,fail,hesitate。固定搭配若不定式结构比较复杂通常用it作形式宾语真正的主语放在句子的后面该用法常见的动词有think,find,make,believe,consider,suppose,feel等。It形式宾语结构:主语谓语itadjntodosth一些动词既可跟动名词又可跟不定式作宾语但是两种情况下的语义不同。remembertodosth记住要做某事rememberdoingsth记得做过某事forgettodosth忘记要做某事forgetdoingsth忘记做过某事regrettodosth对将要做的事抱歉regretdoingsth对发生过的事后悔trytodosth设法helliphellip试图helliphelliptrydoingsth试试看试一试meantodosth打算做helliphellipmeandoingsth意味着stoptodosth停下来做另一件事stopdoingsth停止做某件事(补充)接doing形式的动词及短语动名词作宾语:finishdoingsth完成做某事enjoydoingsth喜欢做某事practicedoingsth练习做某事imaginedoing,想象做某事avoiddoingsth避免做某事considerdoingsth考虑做某事suggestdoingsth建议做某事minddoingsth介意做某事keepdoingsth持续做某事固定短语:feellikedoingsth喜欢做某事bebusydoingsth忙于做某事beworthdoing值得做某事havefundoing做某事高兴spendhellip(in)doingsth花费(时间、金钱)做某事havedifficultiestroubleproblems(in)doingsth做某事有困难练习:Shehadagreed(go)andseeamoviewithhimThemandownstairsfounditdifficult(get)tosleepmdashI#msorry,butIdidn#tmeanoutyoursecretmdashButyouknow,lettingoutone#ssecretmeansone#sfeelingsA.tolettohurtB.lettinghurtingC.tolethurtingD.lettingtohurttogotogetC(四)学习下面句子归纳用法。TheytoldhimnottobelateagainTheparentsdon#tallowtheirchildrentogooutatnightSheinvitedmetohavedinnerwithheryesterday.归纳:不定式在某些动词后作宾补要保留to,如例、、。常见动词有tell,advise,allow,ask,expect,force,want,teach,wish,persuade等。【如:asksbtodo】Iheardhersingtoday.Shesangwonderfully.Shewasheardtosingtoday.IsawhimentertheroomHewasseentoentertheroomDonrsquotmakethechildrendosuchheavyworkTheworkersweremadetoworkhoursaday归纳:不定式在感官动词和使役动词后作宾补要省略to,和宾语是主谓关系强调动作的全过程如例句、、但变为被动语态时to不能省略如例句、、。常见动词有feel(一感)listentohear(二听)letmakehave(三让)lookatseewatchnotice(四看)。【主动无to被动有to】练习:Theyweremade(work)thewholenightIhaveheardhim(speak)aboutyouoftenIdecided(write)ratherthantotelephoneMyfathergotme(wash)alltheclotheslastnightThechildrenwereseen(run)downthestreetOurteacheradvisesus(read)aloudeverydayThecatwatchedthemouse(slide)intothehousebutdidnothingspeaktoworktowritetowashtoruntoreadslide(五)学习下面句子归纳用法。LetusgivehimsomethingtoeatWehavemuchhomeworktodotonightAreyougoingtoattendthemeetingtobeheldnextMondayShewasthefirstwomantowinthegoldmedalintheOlympicGamesDoyouhavetheabilitytoreadandwriteinEnglishIhavenochancetogosightseeing归纳:不定式作定语常放在名词或不定代词后面作后置定语表示尚未发生的动作。名词前有first,last,next,only等词以及最高级修饰时其后要用不定式。抽象名词attempt,ability,chance,desire,determination,decision,plan,way或不定代词something,nothing等后面常用不定式作后置定语练习Theairport(complete)nextyearwillhelppromotetourisminthisareaDoyouhaveanything(do)tonighttobecompletdtodo(五)学习下面句子归纳用法。Toseedistantpeopleclearly,hehastowearglassesTheytookmeawayfrommyworkjusttoaskmesomequestionsWhathashedonetomakeyousohappyTheboyisoldenoughtogotoschoolShewasnotsostupidtodothatIworkedhardonlytofailatlastThereisnodoubtthatMrsLiwillbegladtolookaftertheboy归纳:动词不定式作状语可表示目的、原因及结果等。作目的状语。通常放在句末为了强调目的或意义也可放在句首作结果状语可用于enoughto,soasto,suchasto,onlyto以及tooto等结构中。练习:(catch)theearlyflightweorderedataxiinadvanceandgotupveryearly(workout)thedifficultmathsproblem,IhaveconsultedProfessorRussellseveraltimes(learn)moreaboutChineseculture,JackhasdecidedtotakeChinesefolkmusicasanelectivecourseAnxiously,shetookthedressoutofthepackageandtriediton,only(find)itdidn#tfitHisfatherpassedaway,only(leave)himalittlemoneySheistooweak(join)tojoinusintheoutingTocatchToworkoutTolearntofindleavingtojoin三、不定式和疑问词连用WhentostarthasnotbeendecidedThequestionishowtodothejobwellHetoldmewheretofindthebook归纳:疑问词ldquowhat,how,when,where,which+动词不定式rdquo结构可作主语、表语和宾语等。高考链接mdashIt#snousehavingideasonlymdashDon#tworryPetercanshowyoutoturnanideaintoanacthow一般式表示动作与谓语动词同时发生或在谓语动词后面发生进行式表示动作正在进行完成式表示动作发生在谓语动词之前。否定式:nottodo主动语态被动语态一般式todotobedone完成式tohavedonetohavebeendone进行式tobedoing五熟记三种结构TheyhadnochoicebuttomoveHecoulddonothingbutwaitforthebusIthurtsomuchthatIcouldn#thelpbutcryoutinpain归纳:havenochoicebuttodo没有选择只能做cancoulddonothingbutdo不得不做hellipcanrsquotcouldnrsquothelpbutdo不得不做hellip比较canrsquothelpdoing忍不住做hellip不定式巩固练习一totake,toimprovetohaveheardtobelaughedatTosucceedinviting,togivetoknow三ABADACAABCDBCBA找出课文中含有动词不定式的句子Unfortunately,thedoctorsdonrsquotknowhowtomakemebetter,butIamveryoutgoingandhavelearnedtoadapttomydisabilityIusedtoclimbtrees,swimandplayfootballThenIstartedtogetweakerandweakerEvenafterallthat,noonecouldgivemydiseaseanameanditisdifficulttoknowwhatthefutureholdsSometimes,too,IwastooweaktogotoschoolsomyeducationsufferedMyambitionistoworkforafirmthatdevelopscomputersoftwarewhenIgrowupLastyearIinventedhellipandabigcompanyhasdecidedtobuyitfrommeIalsohavetodoalotofwork,especiallyifIhavebeenawayforawhileJustacceptthemforwhotheyare,andgivethemencouragementtoliveasrichandfullalifeasyoudo

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