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首页 韦博英语教材New Dynamic English 4

韦博英语教材New Dynamic English 4.pdf

韦博英语教材New Dynamic English 4

一切反动派都是纸老虎我是黄不邪
2014-03-30 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《韦博英语教材New Dynamic English 4pdf》,可适用于外语资料领域

wwwdynedcomModuleContentsIntroductionCourseStructurePurposeofthisGuideStudyTipsGettingStartedBeforeUsingSpeechRecognitionHowtoUseSpeechRecognitionPlanningAheadMatrixVocabularyBiographyReviewExercisesVideoInteractionsAppendixA:AboutSpeechRecognitionTechnologyAppendixB:VerbMarkersAppendixC:AnswerKeyforPracticeExercisesIntroductionWelcometoNewDynamicEnglish!NewDynamicEnglishisthekeythatwillopenthedoortosuccessfulcommunicationinEnglishThecourseisbasedonclassroomproveninstructionalstrategiesandtechniques,andhasbeencreatedbyexperiencedteachersNewDynamicEnglishmaximizestheeffectivenessofmultimediabyfocusingonthekeyskillnecessarytoacquireanylanguage:listeningEachmoduleprovidescarefullysequencedlisteninginputwithnativespeakermodels,includingavarietyoflisteningtasksandfollowupexercisesThelanguageiscarefullychosenandsequencedtoensurecomprehensionateachlevelwhileatthesametimeremainingnaturalThankstoDynEd’suniqueinteractiveprogram,youcanstudyatyourownpaceAtanypointintheprogramyouhaveinstantaccesstorepetition,theEnglishtext,andglossaryscreenswhichgiveadditionalinformationandexamplesYoumayalsorecordyourownvoiceasmanytimesasyoulikeandcompareyourrecordingwiththenativespeakermodelSpeechRecognitionexercisesofferapowerfulwaytoincreaseyourspokenfluencyPleasenotethatyoushouldcheckyourhardwaretoensureitmeetstheminimumhardwarerequirementstoaccesstheSpeechRecognitionfeaturesofthisprogramCourseStructureLevelsTherearefourlevelsintheNewDynamicEnglishseries,eachwithtwomodulesDynamicEnglishisintendedforbeginnersDynamicEnglishisaimedatthelowintermediatelevel,andDynamicEnglishisforintermediatestudentsDynamicEnglishisforupperintermediateandadvancedlevelstudentsInadditiontobuildinglisteningandspeakingskillsforcommunicationinEnglish,thecourseprovidesastrongfoundationingrammarandvocabularyLessonsThereareseveraldifferenttypesoflessonswithinNewDynamicEnglishContentlessonsintroducecharactersandpresentinformationabouttheirlivesandactivities,ordiscusssubjectsofgeneralinterestsuchastheseasons,weatherandtheenvironmentOtherlessonsreviewandpracticethelanguagepointsintroducedinthecontentlessonsTheQuestionPracticelessoninModuleprovidesintensiveworkinquestionformationandcomprehensionInModule,aMatrixGameprovidesachallengingwaytoreviewthelanguagefromtheVocabularyPracticelessonFocusExercisesineachmodulegivepracticeinspecificgrammaticalstructuresSpeechPracticeandVideoInteractionsofferspeakingpracticeusingstateoftheartSpeechRecognitiontechnologyTheDictationsandGrammarFillInsinbothmodulesfocusonimportantlanguageattheindividualwordlevelTheseexercisesshouldbesaveduntillastPurposeofthisGuideTheFocusTasksincludedinthisGuide,alongwiththewrittenexercises,willhelpfocusyourstudyItisimportanttoconcentrateononeortwodifferentpointseachstudysessionForexample,afocustaskmaydirectyoutoconcentrateonaparticularcharacter,orontheuseofaparticulargrammaticalstructureortopicThefirsttimeyouenteralessonyoumaydecidetoskimthroughittoseewhattopicsandlanguageitcoversThenitisimportanttobeginintensivestudy,sentencebysentenceMastereachpointbygoingoveritseveraltimesYoushouldn'ttrytocovereverythinginonestudysessionConcentrated,intensivestudyandrepetitivepracticeisthebestwaytoimproveyourEnglishPleasenotethateachtimeyougothroughalessonyoumayfindnewquestionsandnewsentencesIfyoutrytheFocusTasksoutofsequence,youmaybelisteningforlanguagethathasn'tyetappearedintheprogramThisisbecausetheprogram'sshufflerfeaturegraduallyintroducesnewlanguageintoalessonasyourlevelincreasesAsafollowuptoeachinteractivesession,tryrepeatingfrommemorysomeofthesentencesyouhavefocusedon,andseeifyoucanwritethemdownWhereappropriate,practiceusingthelanguageofthelessontotalkaboutyourselfandyourownlifeForfurtherfollowup,completethepracticeexercisesinthisguideandcheckyouranswersagainsttheAnswerKeyStudyTipsWerecommendthatinteractivestudybeinperiodsofminutesForbestresults,studyeachofthelessonsseveraltimes,preferablyondifferentdaysConsultwiththeStudentRecordstokeeptrackofhowmuchtimeyouhavespentandofyourlevelineachlesson(SeeyourUser’sGuideforinformationaboutStudentRecords)YoushouldstudyeachlessonuntilyourlevelreachesorhigherandyoufeelconfidentwiththelanguageThenmoveontothenextlessonLearningalanguageislikelearningtoplayamusicalinstrumentItisaskillthatmustbeacquiredovertime,throughconstantpracticeandrepetitionThemoretimeyouspendineachlesson,themoreyouwilllearnAswithlearningtoplayaninstrument,practicetimemustbefocusedtobewellspentItishelpfulifeachtimeyoustudyyoudosowithapurposeoragoalforthepracticesessionThishelpsyoutoconcentrateandfacilitateslongtermacquisitionofthelanguageGettingStartedWhenyoustartthefirstlesson,followthisproceduretofamiliarizeyourselfwiththeprogramForeachsentence,clickonthepausebuttonItwillchangetotheplaybuttonandwillflashgreenWiththeplaybuttonflashing,clickontherepeatbuttonThiswillrepeatthesentenceTheplaybuttonwillcontinuetoflashForbilingualversions,clickonthetranslationbuttonTheplaybuttonwillcontinuetoflashClickontheABCbuttonThiswillgiveyouthetextofthesentenceClickononeofthehighlightedwordstoseetheGlossaryTheplaybuttonwillcontinuetoflashVoiceRecordRepeatVoicePlaybackPauseABCTextPlayTranslationRewindExitFastForwardNext,clickontheplaybuttonsothatitstopsflashingThiswilltakeyoutothenextsentencePleaserememberthatwhentheplaybuttonisflashinggreen,theprogramisstoppedTocontinue,youmustclickontheflashinggreenplaybutton,or,ifaquestionisbeingasked,youmayclickonananswerRepeattheaboveseriesofstepsforeachnewsentenceTogoback,clickontherewindbutton,orexitthelessonWhenyoucometoacomprehensionquestion,theprogramwilltimedownandwaitforyoutoclickonananswerIfyouwanttohearthequestionagain,clickontherepeatbuttonToansweraquestion,clickonapictureorword,andtheprogramwillsay,“Yes,that’sright,”or“Pleasetryagain”Afteryouhavelistenedtothefirstfewsentencesafewtimes,gobackandrepeateachsentenceTogoback,keepclickingontherewindbuttonuntilyouareatthefirstsentenceTorecordyourvoice,clickontherecordbuttonwhichwillturngreenThenclickontheplaybackbuttontohearyourrecordingTocompareyourrecordingwiththenativespeaker,clickontherepeatbutton,andthentheplaybackbuttonRepeatingeachsentenceisanexcellentwaytoimprovebothyourlisteningandyourspeakingIfasentenceistoolong,tryrepeatingjustthefirstorlastpartofitIfthisisstilltoodifficult,gothroughthesentencesagainwithoutrepeatingthemuntilyoufeelmoreconfidentDon’ttrytopracticespeakinguntilyouarecomfortablewiththesoundsandcanholdtheminyourmemoryAfteraboutminutes,stopDon’ttrytodotoomuchthefirsttimeThefirstunitineachmodulewillrequireseveralhoursofpracticeTocheckyourShufflerlevel,accesstheGlossary,orseeyourStudyRecords,gototheOptionsmenu(SeeyourUser’sGuideforadescriptionofthesefeatures)BeforeUsingSpeechRecognitionThemosteffectivewaytogothrougheachmoduleinthiscourseistomasterthepresentationandquestionanswersectionsfirstBuildyourlisteningcomprehensionandthenyourdetailedunderstandingofthevocabularyandsentencestructuresbeforeattemptingtheSpeechRecognitionlessonsOnceyouareconfidentwiththelanguage,youarereadytotrytheSpeechRecognitionlessons:QuestionPractice,FillIns,SpeechPractice,andVideoInteractionsInadditiontotheinstructionsinthisguide,HelpscreensareavailableineachlessonPleasealsoseethesectionAboutSpeechRecognitionTechnologyforfurtherinformationHowtoUseSpeechRecognitionThisistheSpeechMeterWhentheRecognizerislistening,theSpeechMeterwillappearWhentheRecognizerisnotlistening,theSpeechMeterwilldisappearToturntheSpeechRecognizerofforon,selectOnorOfffromtheSpeechpulldownmenuStopSpeechRecognitionButton:WhenyouarefinishedspeakingyoumayclickheretoincreasethespeedoftheRecognizer,ortorestartifyouhavemadeamistakeSpeakAgainButton:Tospeakagain,clickhereTheSpeechMeterwillappearOKButton:SometimestheRecognizerwantstoshowyouwhatitthinksyousaidThetextwillbedisplayed,andtheOKbuttonwillappearClickOKifthetextiswhatyouintendedtosayIfnot,thenclickonthespeakagainbuttonPlaybackButton:WhentheRecognizerison,yourvoiceisalsobeingrecordedIfyouwanttohearwhatyousaid,clickontheplaybackbuttonWhenusingtheSpeechRecognizer,pleasecheckthefollowing:CheckthedifficultylevelinthepulldownSpeechmenuIfIntermediateorExpertischecked,theRecognizerwillbestricter,soyourspeedandpronunciationwillneedtobeabitbetterIfBeginnerischecked,theRecognizerissettoaverybasiclevelthatwillmakeiteasierforyouIfyouarehavingdifficultywithasentenceorword,pleasevaryyourspeech,includingwordlinkageandstresspatternsDon’tkeeponrepeatingyourselfinexactlythesamewaySpeakclearlynottooslowly,andnottoofastSometimeslinkingtwowordswillalsohelp(eg“She’sgoing”insteadof“Sheisgoing”)Inothercaseswordseparationwillbebetter(eg“Hereare”insteadof“Here’re”)StressisalsoveryimportantForexample,“fifteen”canbepronouncedas“fifTEEN”oras“FIFteen,”whichcanbeconfusedwith“FIFty”PleaserememberthattheSpeechRecognizerlistensforsoundpatternsIftwopatternsareverysimilar,theRecognizermaynotbeabletotellthedifferenceOtherpotentialproblemsare:speechhasbeenturnedofffaultymicrophoneormicrophoneconnectionmicrophonetoofarawayfromspeaker’smouth,orthespeakerisspeakingtooloudlyspeakingtoosoon,beforetheSpeechMeterappearsspeechrecordfunctionisn’tworkingproperly,orthevolumeistoolow(seeUser’sGuide)HowtoChangetheDifficultyIntheSpeechmenu,selectIntermediateorExperttoincreasethedifficultyThiswillrequiremoreaccurateandclearerspeechforrecognitiontobesuccessfulToreducethedifficulty,selectBeginnerintheSpeechmenuPlanningAheadInthislessonyouwilllearnwaystotalkabouttravelandfutureplans,includingscheduledtimes,frequency,makingchoicesandgivingreasonsAparticularfocusofthislessonisontheverbsystem,withanemphasisonfuturetimeanddegreesofcertainty(will,willprobably,may)FocusClickonDepartureListenforandpracticesayingsentencesthattellwhatMaxdidlastweek,whathappenedtohimyesterday,andwhatisgoingtohappentomorrowandnextweekNoticethewaystodescribepointoftime:lastweek,nextweek,yesterday,afterhechecksintohishotel,whenevertheygettogetherNextweekMaxisgoingonabusinesstripHetriedtobuyairplaneticketslastweekYesterdayhistravelagentcalledMaxisgoingtogettheticketinthemailtomorrowFocusClickonChoicesStudyallthesentencesabouttypesoftransportationandthechoicesMaxwillmake,andwhyHe'sgoingtoflytoLondonIfhe'stired,hemaydecidetotakeataxiIt'scheapertogobybusorsubwayBusesleaveabouteverytwentyminutesFollowupPracticeHowdoyougettoworkorschoolPracticetalkingaboutyourselfExample:ItakethebustrainsubwayIttakesminutestogetthereIt'smoreexpensivecheapertogobyFocusClickonMeetingaFriendFocusonMax'sfriendJohnWhatishisoccupationWhatisheinterestedinPracticesayingallthesentencesabouthimMax'sfriend,John,isafamouswriterLastyearhewroteastorythatappearedontelevisionNowhe'sworkingonanewstorythatwillappearontelevisionnextyearFocusStudythewholelessonagainFocusonprobabilityPracticesayingallthesentencesthattalkaboutthefuture(goingto,willormay)MakealistofthingsthatMaxwilldo,willprobablydo,andmaydoinLondonHe'sgoingtoflytoLondonfromSanFranciscoMaxwillprobablywatchalatemovieonTVbeforehegoestobedIfhe'stired,hemaydecidetotakeataxiFocusClickonQuestionsPracticesayingallthequestionsPayspecialattentiontoquestionswithwhenandhowlongIfheleavesonSaturday,whenwillhearriveHowlongdoesittaketogettoLondonFollowupPracticeWritethreesentencesaboutsomethingyouplantodosometimeinthefutureExample:NextweekImayPracticeExercisesExerciseAMatchthequestionontheleftwiththeanswerontherightaHowlongdoesittaketogetthereeverytwentyminutesbHowoftendothebusescometwentyminutesagocWhenisthenextbusgoingtocomeintwentyminutesdWhendidthelastbusleavetwentyminutesExerciseBFillintheblankswithaformoftheverbinparenthesesUsepresenttenseorbegoingtoNextweekMax(fly)toLondonWheneverhegoestoLondon,he(gettogether)withhisfriendJohnMax(arrive)onaSundayAfterhe(checkintohishotel,Max(telephone)afriendHisbestfriend,John(live)inBrightonWheneverthey(gettogether)they(goout)todinnerand(talk)aboutmanythingsExerciseCWritethequestion("Q")thatgoeswiththeanswer("A")QHowlongAIttakestenhourstoflyfromSanFranciscotoLondonQWhenAThelastbusleftminutesagoQHowoftenABusesleaveeverytwentyminutesMatrixVocabularyVocabularyPracticeVocabularyPracticeisanenjoyablewaytolearnnewvocabularyanddevelopyourlisteningcomprehensionFivesubjectareasarecoveredTostart,clickononeofthefiveiconsontheleftsideofthescreentoselectthesubjectyouwanttostudyThenclickoneachofthepicturesinthecenterofthescreentohearthesentencesforeachNext,clickonQuizandyouwillhearaquestionWhenyouhearthequestion,pleaseclickonthecorrectanswerWhenyouwanttochangesubjects,clickononeoftheiconsontheleftsideofthescreenMatrixGameTheMatrixGameletsyoutestwhatyouhavelearnedinVocabularyPracticeListentothequestionsandclickonthecorrectanswersYouwillhavetominutestoanswerasmanyquestionsasyoucanWhenyouarefinished,checkyourscoreandplayagainTrytoimproveyourscoreBiographyInthislessonyouwilllearntotalkaboutpersonalinformationandtheeventsinaperson'slifeinthecontextofthelifehistoryofAlbertEinsteinThelessonfocusesonpasttense,datesandyears,timeexpressions,chronologicalpresentation,anddurationFocusFocusonplacesStudyTheEarlyYearsandTheLaterYearsinEinstein’slifeWherewashebornWheredidheattendschoolPracticesayingthesentencesNoticetheuseofprepositions:in,atandtoHewasborninGermanyHegotajobatthepatentofficeinthecityofBernInhemovedtoGermanyandbecameaprofessorFollowupPracticeWhatarethreeimportantplacesinyourlifeExample:WhenIwasfiveyearsold,ImovedtoFocusFocusondatesinEinstein'slifeMakeachronologicallistofallthedates(years)mentionedinthelessonPracticesayingthesentencesHewasborninInhegraduatedfromauniversityinZurichInhealsogotmarriedforthefirsttimeFollowupPracticePracticetalkingaboutthreeimportantdatesinyourlifeExample:In,IFocusFocusonperiodsoftimeinEinstein'slifeListenforandsaythesentencesthattellwhathedidduringtheseperiodsMarktheseperiodsonyourchronologicallistofdatesFromtoheworkedinthepatentofficeinBernDuringthatperiod,hemadeseveralgreatdiscoveriesFromuntilhisdeath,EinsteinlivedintheUSFollowupPracticePracticetalkingaboutthreeimportantperiodsinyourlife

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韦博英语教材New Dynamic English 4

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