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首页 Les-Miserables

Les-Miserables.pdf

Les-Miserables

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2014-03-25 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《Les-Miserablespdf》,可适用于外语资料领域

LesMiserablesByVictorHugoTranslatedbyIsabelFHapgoodPublishedbyPlaneteBookVisitthesitetodownloadfreeeBooksofclassicliterature,booksandnovelsThisworkislicensedunderaCreativeCommonsAttributionNoncommercialUnitedStatesLicenseFreeeBooksatPlaneteBookcomVOLUMEIFANTINELesMiserablesPREFACESolongasthereshallexist,byvirtueoflawandcustom,decreesofdamnationpronouncedbysociety,artificiallycreatinghellsamidthecivilizationofearth,andaddingtheelementofhumanfatetodivinedestinysolongasthethreegreatproblemsofthecenturythedegradationofmanthroughpauperism,thecorruptionofwomanthroughhunger,thecripplingofchildrenthroughlackoflightareunsolvedsolongassocialasphyxiaispossibleinanypartoftheworldinotherwords,andwithastillwidersignificance,solongasignoranceandpovertyexistonearth,booksofthenatureofLesMiserablescannotfailtobeofuseHAUTEVILLEHOUSE,FANTINEFreeeBooksatPlaneteBookcomBOOKFIRSTAJUSTMANLesMiserablesCHAPTERIMMYRIELIn,MCharlesFrancoisBienvenuMyrielwasBishopofDHewasanoldmanofaboutseventyfiveyearsofagehehadoccupiedtheseeofDsinceAlthoughthisdetailhasnoconnectionwhateverwiththerealsubstanceofwhatweareabouttorelate,itwillnotbesuperfluous,ifmerelyforthesakeofexactnessinallpoints,tomentionherethevariousrumorsandremarkswhichhadbeenincirculationabouthimfromtheverymomentwhenhearrivedinthedioceseTrueorfalse,thatwhichissaidofmenoftenoccupiesasimportantaplaceintheirlives,andaboveallintheirdestinies,asthatwhichtheydoMMyrielwasthesonofacouncilloroftheParliamentofAixhencehebelongedtothenobilityofthebarItwassaidthathisfather,destininghimtobetheheirofhisownpost,hadmarriedhimataveryearlyage,eighteenortwenty,inaccordancewithacustomwhichisratherwidelyprevalentinparliamentaryfamiliesInspiteofthismarriage,however,itwassaidthatCharlesMyrielcreatedagreatdealoftalkHewaswellformed,thoughrathershortinstature,elegant,graceful,intelligentthewholeofthefirstportionofhislifeFreeeBooksatPlaneteBookcomhadbeendevotedtotheworldandtogallantryTheRevolutioncameeventssucceededeachotherwithprecipitationtheparliamentaryfamilies,decimated,pursued,hunteddown,weredispersedMCharlesMyrielemigratedtoItalyattheverybeginningoftheRevolutionTherehiswifediedofamaladyofthechest,fromwhichshehadlongsufferedHehadnochildrenWhattookplacenextinthefateofMMyrielTheruinoftheFrenchsocietyoftheoldendays,thefallofhisownfamily,thetragicspectaclesof‘,whichwere,perhaps,evenmorealarmingtotheemigrantswhoviewedthemfromadistance,withthemagnifyingpowersofterror,didthesecausetheideasofrenunciationandsolitudetogerminateinhimWashe,inthemidstofthesedistractions,theseaffectionswhichabsorbedhislife,suddenlysmittenwithoneofthosemysteriousandterribleblowswhichsometimesoverwhelm,bystrikingtohisheart,amanwhompubliccatastropheswouldnotshake,bystrikingathisexistenceandhisfortuneNoonecouldhavetold:allthatwasknownwas,thatwhenhereturnedfromItalyhewasapriestIn,MMyrielwastheCureofBBrignollesHewasalreadyadvancedinyears,andlivedinaveryretiredmannerAbouttheepochofthecoronation,somepettyaffairconnectedwithhiscuracyjustwhat,isnotpreciselyknowntookhimtoParisAmongotherpowerfulpersonstowhomhewenttosolicitaidforhisparishionerswasMleCardinalFeschOneday,whentheEmperorhadcometovisithisuncle,theworthyCure,whowaswaitingLesMiserablesintheanteroom,foundhimselfpresentwhenHisMajestypassedNapoleon,onfindinghimselfobservedwithacertaincuriositybythisoldman,turnedroundandsaidabruptly:‘Whoisthisgoodmanwhoisstaringatme’‘Sire,’saidMMyriel,‘youarelookingatagoodman,andIatagreatmanEachofuscanprofitbyit’Thatveryevening,theEmperoraskedtheCardinalthenameoftheCure,andsometimeafterwardsMMyrielwasutterlyastonishedtolearnthathehadbeenappointedBishopofDWhattruthwasthere,afterall,inthestorieswhichwereinventedastotheearlyportionofMMyriel’slifeNooneknewVeryfewfamilieshadbeenacquaintedwiththeMyrielfamilybeforetheRevolutionMMyrielhadtoundergothefateofeverynewcomerinalittletown,wheretherearemanymouthswhichtalk,andveryfewheadswhichthinkHewasobligedtoundergoitalthoughhewasabishop,andbecausehewasabishopButafterall,therumorswithwhichhisnamewasconnectedwererumorsonly,noise,sayings,wordslessthanwordspalabres,astheenergeticlanguageoftheSouthexpressesitHoweverthatmaybe,afternineyearsofepiscopalpowerandofresidenceinD,allthestoriesandsubjectsofconversationwhichengrosspettytownsandpettypeopleattheoutsethadfallenintoprofoundoblivionNoonewouldhavedaredtomentionthemnoonewouldhavedaredtorecallthemFreeeBooksatPlaneteBookcomMMyrielhadarrivedatDaccompaniedbyanelderlyspinster,MademoiselleBaptistine,whowashissister,andtenyearshisjuniorTheironlydomesticwasafemaleservantofthesameageasMademoiselleBaptistine,andnamedMadameMagloire,who,afterhavingbeentheservantofMleCure,nowassumedthedoubletitleofmaidtoMademoiselleandhousekeepertoMonseigneurMademoiselleBaptistinewasalong,pale,thin,gentlecreaturesherealizedtheidealexpressedbytheword‘respectable”foritseemsthatawomanmustneedsbeamotherinordertobevenerableShehadneverbeenprettyherwholelife,whichhadbeennothingbutasuccessionofholydeeds,hadfinallyconferreduponherasortofpallorandtransparencyandassheadvancedinyearsshehadacquiredwhatmaybecalledthebeautyofgoodnessWhathadbeenleannessinheryouthhadbecometransparencyinhermaturityandthisdiaphaneityallowedtheangeltobeseenShewasasoulratherthanavirginHerpersonseemedmadeofashadowtherewashardlysufficientbodytoprovideforsexalittlematterenclosingalightlargeeyesforeverdroopingamerepretextforasoul’sremainingontheearthMadameMagloirewasalittle,fat,whiteoldwoman,corpulentandbustlingalwaysoutofbreath,inthefirstplace,becauseofheractivity,andinthenext,becauseofherasthmaOnhisarrival,MMyrielwasinstalledintheepiscopalpalacewiththehonorsrequiredbytheImperialdecrees,LesMiserableswhichclassabishopimmediatelyafteramajorgeneralThemayorandthepresidentpaidthefirstcallonhim,andhe,inturn,paidthefirstcallonthegeneralandtheprefectTheinstallationover,thetownwaitedtoseeitsbishopatworkFreeeBooksatPlaneteBookcomCHAPTERIIMMYRIELBECOMESMWELCOMETheepiscopalpalaceofDadjoinsthehospitalTheepiscopalpalacewasahugeandbeautifulhouse,builtofstoneatthebeginningofthelastcenturybyMHenriPuget,DoctorofTheologyoftheFacultyofParis,AbbeofSimore,whohadbeenBishopofDinThispalacewasagenuineseignorialresidenceEverythingaboutithadagrandair,theapartmentsoftheBishop,thedrawingrooms,thechambers,theprincipalcourtyard,whichwasverylarge,withwalksencirclingitunderarcadesintheoldFlorentinefashion,andgardensplantedwithmagnificenttreesInthediningroom,alongandsuperbgallerywhichwassituatedonthegroundfloorandopenedonthegardens,MHenriPugethadentertainedinstate,onJuly,,MyLordsCharlesBrulartdeGenlis,archbishopPrinced’EmbrunAntoinedeMesgrigny,thecapuchin,BishopofGrassePhilippedeVendome,GrandPriorofFrance,AbbeofSaintHonoredeLerinsFrancoisdeBertondeCrillon,bishop,BarondeVenceCesardeSaLesMiserablesbrandeForcalquier,bishop,SeignorofGlandeveandJeanSoanen,PriestoftheOratory,preacherinordinarytotheking,bishop,SeignorofSenezTheportraitsofthesesevenreverendpersonagesdecoratedthisapartmentandthismemorabledate,thethofJuly,,wasthereengravedinlettersofgoldonatableofwhitemarbleThehospitalwasalowandnarrowbuildingofasinglestory,withasmallgardenThreedaysafterhisarrival,theBishopvisitedthehospitalThevisitended,hehadthedirectorrequestedtobesogoodastocometohishouse‘Monsieurthedirectorofthehospital,’saidhetohim,‘howmanysickpeoplehaveyouatthepresentmoment’‘Twentysix,Monseigneur’‘ThatwasthenumberwhichIcounted,’saidtheBishop‘Thebeds,’pursuedthedirector,‘areverymuchcrowdedagainsteachother’‘ThatiswhatIobserved’‘Thehallsarenothingbutrooms,anditiswithdifficultythattheaircanbechangedinthem’‘Soitseemstome’‘Andthen,whenthereisarayofsun,thegardenisverysmallfortheconvalescents’‘ThatwaswhatIsaidtomyself’‘Incaseofepidemics,wehavehadthetyphusfeverthisyearwehadthesweatingsicknesstwoyearsago,andahundredpatientsattimes,weknownotwhattodo’‘Thatisthethoughtwhichoccurredtome’‘Whatwouldyouhave,Monseigneur’saidthedirectorFreeeBooksatPlaneteBookcom‘Onemustresignone’sself’ThisconversationtookplaceinthegallerydiningroomonthegroundfloorTheBishopremainedsilentforamomentthenheturnedabruptlytothedirectorofthehospital‘Monsieur,’saidhe,‘howmanybedsdoyouthinkthishallalonewouldhold’‘Monseigneur’sdiningroom’exclaimedthestupefieddirectorTheBishopcastaglanceroundtheapartment,andseemedtobetakingmeasuresandcalculationswithhiseyes‘Itwouldholdfulltwentybeds,’saidhe,asthoughspeakingtohimselfThen,raisinghisvoice:‘Hold,Monsieurthedirectorofthehospital,IwilltellyousomethingThereisevidentlyamistakehereTherearethirtysixofyou,infiveorsixsmallroomsTherearethreeofushere,andwehaveroomforsixtyThereissomemistake,Itellyouyouhavemyhouse,andIhaveyoursGivemebackmyhouseyouareathomehere’OnthefollowingdaythethirtysixpatientswereinstalledintheBishop’spalace,andtheBishopwassettledinthehospitalMMyrielhadnoproperty,hisfamilyhavingbeenruinedbytheRevolutionHissisterwasinreceiptofayearlyincomeoffivehundredfrancs,whichsufficedforherpersonalwantsatthevicarageMMyrielreceivedfromtheState,inhisqualityofbishop,asalaryoffifteenthousandfrancsOntheverydaywhenhetookuphisabodeintheLesMiserableshospital,MMyrielsettledonthedispositionofthissumonceforall,inthefollowingmannerWetranscribehereanotemadebyhisownhand:NOTEONTHEREGULATIONOFMYHOUSEHOLDEXPENSESForthelittleseminary…………,livresSocietyofthemission…………‘FortheLazaristsofMontdidier………‘SeminaryforforeignmissionsinParis……‘CongregationoftheHolySpirit………‘ReligiousestablishmentsoftheHolyLand…‘Charitablematernitysocieties………‘Extra,forthatofArles…………‘Workfortheameliorationofprisons……‘Workforthereliefanddeliveryofprisoners…‘Toliberatefathersoffamiliesincarceratedfordebt,‘Additiontothesalaryofthepoorteachersofthediocese………………‘PublicgranaryoftheHautesAlpes……‘CongregationoftheladiesofD,ofManosque,andofSisteron,forthegratuitousinstructionofpoorgirls………………,‘Forthepoor………………,‘Mypersonalexpenses……………,‘Total………………,‘FreeeBooksatPlaneteBookcomMMyrielmadenochangeinthisarrangementduringtheentireperiodthatheoccupiedtheseeofDAshasbeenseen,hecalleditregulatinghishouseholdexpensesThisarrangementwasacceptedwithabsolutesubmissionbyMademoiselleBaptistineThisholywomanregardedMonseigneurofDasatoneandthesametimeherbrotherandherbishop,herfriendaccordingtothefleshandhersuperioraccordingtotheChurchShesimplylovedandveneratedhimWhenhespoke,shebowedwhenheacted,sheyieldedheradherenceTheironlyservant,MadameMagloire,grumbledalittleItwillbeobservedthatMonsieurtheBishophadreservedforhimselfonlyonethousandlivres,which,addedtothepensionofMademoiselleBaptistine,madefifteenhundredfrancsayearOnthesefifteenhundredfrancsthesetwooldwomenandtheoldmansubsistedAndwhenavillagecuratecametoD,theBishopstillfoundmeanstoentertainhim,thankstothesevereeconomyofMadameMagloire,andtotheintelligentadministrationofMademoiselleBaptistineOneday,afterhehadbeeninDaboutthreemonths,theBishopsaid:‘AndstillIamquitecrampedwithitall!’‘Ishouldthinkso!’exclaimedMadameMagloire‘Monseigneurhasnotevenclaimedtheallowancewhichthedepartmentoweshimfortheexpenseofhiscarriageintown,andforhisjourneysaboutthedioceseItwascustomaryforbishopsinformerdays’‘Hold!’criedtheBishop,‘youarequiteright,MadameLesMiserablesMagloire’AndhemadehisdemandSometimeafterwardstheGeneralCounciltookthisdemandunderconsideration,andvotedhimanannualsumofthreethousandfrancs,underthisheading:AllowancetoMtheBishopforexpensesofcarriage,expensesofposting,andexpensesofpastoralvisitsThisprovokedagreatoutcryamongthelocalburgessesandasenatoroftheEmpire,aformermemberoftheCounciloftheFiveHundredwhichfavoredtheBrumaire,andwhowasprovidedwithamagnificentsenatorialofficeinthevicinityofthetownofD,wrotetoMBigotdePreameneu,theministerofpublicworship,averyangryandconfidentialnoteonthesubject,fromwhichweextracttheseauthenticlines:‘ExpensesofcarriageWhatcanbedonewithitinatownoflessthanfourthousandinhabitantsExpensesofjourneysWhatistheuseofthesetrips,inthefirstplaceNext,howcanthepostingbeaccomplishedinthesemountainouspartsTherearenoroadsNoonetravelsotherwisethanonhorsebackEventhebridgebetweenDuranceandChateauArnouxcanbarelysupportoxteamsThesepriestsareallthus,greedyandavariciousThismanplayedthegoodpriestwhenhefirstcameNowhedoesliketheresthemusthaveacarriageandapostingchaise,hemusthaveluxuries,likethebishopsoftheoldendaysOh,allthispriesthood!Thingswillnotgowell,MleComte,untiltheEmperorhasfreedusfromtheseblackcappedrascalsDownwiththePope!MattersweregettingembroiledwithRomeFormyFreeeBooksatPlaneteBookcompart,IamforCaesaralone’Etc,etcOntheotherhand,thisaffairaffordedgreatdelighttoMadameMagloire‘Good,’saidshetoMademoiselleBaptistine‘Monseigneurbeganwithotherpeople,buthehashadtowindupwithhimself,afterallHehasregulatedallhischaritiesNowherearethreethousandfrancsforus!Atlast!’ThatsameeveningtheBishopwroteoutandhandedtohissisteramemorandumconceivedinthefollowingterms:EXPENSESOFCARRIAGEANDCIRCUITForfurnishingmeatsouptothepatientsinthehospital,livresForthematernitycharitablesocietyofAix……‘ForthematernitycharitablesocietyofDraguignan…‘Forfoundlings…………………‘Fororphans…………………‘Total…………………,‘SuchwasMMyriel’sbudgetAsforthechanceepiscopalperquisites,thefeesformarriagebans,dispensations,privatebaptisms,sermons,benedictions,ofchurchesorchapels,marriages,etc,theBishopleviedthemonthewealthywithallthemoreasperity,sincehebestowedthemontheneedyAfteratime,offeringsofmoneyflowedinThosewhoLesMiserableshadandthosewholackedknockedatMMyriel’sdoor,thelatterinsearchofthealmswhichtheformercametodepositInlessthanayeartheBishophadbecomethetreasurerofallbenevolenceandthecashierofallthoseindistressConsiderablesumsofmoneypassedthroughhishands,butnothingcouldinducehimtomakeanychangewhateverinhismodeoflife,oraddanythingsuperfluoustohisbarenecessitiesFarfromitAsthereisalwaysmorewretchednessbelowthanthereisbrotherhoodabove,allwasgivenaway,sotospeak,beforeitwasreceivedItwaslikewaterondrysoilnomatterhowmuchmoneyhereceived,heneverhadanyThenhestrippedhimselfTheusagebeingthatbishopsshallannouncetheirbaptismalnamesattheheadoftheirchargesandtheirpastoralletters,thepoorpeopleofthecountrysidehadselected,withasortofaffectionateinstinct,amongthenamesandprenomensoftheirbishop,thatwhichhadameaningforthemandtheynevercalledhimanythingexceptMonseigneurBienvenuWelcomeWewillfollowtheirexample,andwillalsocallhimthuswhenwehaveoccasiontonamehimMoreover,thisappellationpleasedhim‘Ilikethatname,’saidhe‘BienvenumakesupfortheMonseigneur’WedonotclaimthattheportraitherewithpresentedisprobableweconfineourselvestostatingthatitresemblestheoriginalFreeeBooksatPlaneteBookcomCHAPTERIIIAHARDBISHOPRICFORAGOODBISHOPTheBishopdidnotomithispastoralvisitsbecausehehadconvertedhiscarriageintoalmsThedioceseofDisafatiguingoneThereareveryfewplainsandagreatmanymountainshardlyanyroads,aswehavejustseenthirtytwocuracies,fortyonevicarships,andtwohundredandeightyfiveauxiliarychapelsTovisitalltheseisquiteataskTheBishopmanagedtodoitHewentonfootwhenitwasintheneighborhood,inatiltedspringcartwhenitwasontheplain,andonadonkeyinthemountainsThetwooldwomenaccompaniedhimWhenthetripwastoohardforthem,hewentaloneOnedayhearrivedatSenez,whichisanancientepiscopalcityHewasmountedonanassHispurse,whichwasverydryatthatmoment,didnotpermithimanyotherequipageThemayorofthetowncametoreceivehimatthegateofthetown,andwatchedhimdismountfromhisass,withscandalizedeyesSomeofthecitizenswerelaughingaroundhim‘MonsieurtheMayor,’saidtheBishop,‘andMessieursLesMiserablesCitizens,IperceivethatIshockyouYouthinkitveryarrogantinapoorpriesttorideananimalwhichwasusedbyJesusChristIhavedonesofromnecessity,Iassureyou,andnotfromvanity’Inthecourseofthesetripshewaskindandindulgent,andtalkedratherthanpreachedHeneverwentfarinsearchofhisargumentsandhisexamplesHequotedtotheinhabitantsofonedistricttheexampleofaneighboringdistrictInthecantonswheretheywereharshtothepoor,hesaid:‘LookatthepeopleofBriancon!Theyhaveconferredonthepoor,onwidowsandorphans,therightt

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