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首页 求职面试英语系列-Interviewing Guide.pdf

求职面试英语系列-Interviewing Guide.pdf

求职面试英语系列-Interviewing Guide.pdf

上传者: happyfriend 2014-03-21 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《求职面试英语系列-Interviewing Guidepdf》,可适用于人文社科领域,主题内容包含INTERVIEWINGGUIDECSMCAREERCENTERColoradoSchoolofMinesInterviewingGuidePage符等。

INTERVIEWINGGUIDECSMCAREERCENTERColoradoSchoolofMinesInterviewingGuidePageofINTERVIEWINGAllofyourtimespentworkingonyourresume,thegruelingprocessofcomposingaconvincingcoverletterforeachposition,thenetworkingwithfriends,relatives,neighborsandfaculty,andtherepeatedemailsandphonecallsleadstoonegoal:gettingtheinterviewwiththecompanyofyourchoiceItisimportanttomaximizethesemeetingsandconversationsThisguideisdesignedtohelpyoupreparefortheseencountersRememberthatamoderateamountofanxietyassociatedwiththeinterviewprocessisgoodFollowingtheseguidelineswillincreaseyoureffectivenessintheinterviewRemember,theemployerisactuallyonyoursideShehasaneedandhaseveryreasontohopethatyouwillfillitPurposeofanInterviewItisimportanttorememberthatthepurposeoftheinterviewistwofold:()TheemployerneedstofindoutifyouarethebestcandidateforthejobCanyoudothejob•Doyouhavetheappropriatebackground,includingeducation,skills,andexperience•Doyouhavetheexpertiseneededtomakeyou"standout"•AreyouabletolearnandadaptWillyoudothejob•Doyouwanttoworkforthiscompany,ordoyousimplyseeitasasteppingstone•Areyouawareofandhonestaboutyourfuturegoalsandplans•AreyoumotivatedandeagertolearnWillyoufitin•Doyouworkwellwithothers•Howdoyourespondtosupervisionandcriticism•DoyouhavetheskillstobalancewheretheirteamiscurrentlyweakDotheylikeyou()youneedtofindoutifthisisagoodopportunityforyouWhatdoIwantmytypicalworkdaytolooklikeWhataremycareergoalsforthenextfiveyearsWhatkindofworkscheduledoIwantWhatkindofworksettingdoIwantAmIwillingtorelocateInterviewingGuidePageofPREPARINGFORANINTERVIEWJustasinlearninganyskill,successfulinterviewingrequirespreparationandpracticeThisisnotthebesttimetotryand“wingit”AsuccessfulinterviewisverymuchlikeasalesencounterIfyouwanttoappearthatyouwantthepositionforwhichyouareinterviewing,thenyoumustdemonstrateyourinterestbyfindingouteverythingyoucanaboutthecompanyandthepositionbeforetheactualinterviewThekindsofthingsyoushouldknowaboutthecompanyinclude:•Howlonghasthecompanyexisted•Whatservicesdoesthecompanyprovideorwhatproductsdoesitmake•Whoaretheirmajorcompetitors•Whatdivisionsorsubsidiariesexist•Whatistheparentcompany•Whatgeographicareasarecovered•Howmanypeopleareemployedbythecompany•Whatarethecompany'sassetsandearnings•DoesthecompanyhaveanyinternationaloperationsThisinformationisavailablefromvarioussourcesincludingtheArthurLakesLibrary(bothperiodicalsandreferencematerialscanhelpaskyourlibrarianforassistance),theWorldWideWeb(manycompanieshavewebpages),theCareerCenter(manycompaniessendusrecruitingbrochures)andthecompanyitself(don'tbeafraidtostopbytheirofficesandpickupsomeinformation)Thekindsofthingsyoushouldlearnabouttheinterviewitselfinclude:•Ifpossible,knowandbeabletopronouncethenameoftheinterviewer•Findoutwhatyoucanabouttheformatandlengthoftheinterview•Willyoumeetwithapanel•Willyoumeetwithseveralpeopleindividually•Willyouhavealunchmeeting•Becertainyouhaveclearandprecisedirectionstotheinterviewsite(atrialrunaheadoftimecansaveyouthepotentiallyfatalembarrassmentofarrivinglate)CreatealistofyourstrengthsFromyourresearchofthecompanyandtheindustry,refineyourlistofstrengthsintothreetofiveattributesthatacompanymightwantinanemployeeBereadytoofferevidencethroughscenariosandstoriesIt’suptoyoutomarkettheconnectionofyourskillstotheirrequirementsAlsoknowingyour“learningedges”andspeakingconfidentlyabouthowyouapproachchallengeisimportantInterviewingGuidePageofINTERVIEWPREP:WORKSHEETS,NOTESHELPFULHOMEWORKCompanyNameCompanyWebAddressCompanyAddresshomeofficeorlocalbranchaddressinformationasapplicableKeycontactsdecisionmakersatthefirmINFORMATIONGATHERINGWhatarethecompany’smainproductsWhatdoyoulikeaboutthiscompanyHowdothecompanyvaluesalignwithyoursWhatareproductsorservicesthatinterestyouWhoinyournetworkmighthavedonebusinesswithorhavecontactswiththiscompanyWhoarethecompany’smaincompetitorsWhatisthiscompany’spositioninthemarketrelativetocompetitors,longandshorttermeconomicfactorsandmanagementreputationInterviewingGuidePageofINTERVIEWPREP,WORKSHEETS,PAGEJobdescriptionhighlightsforthisposition:KeywordsandcompetenciesfromthejobdescriptiontoconnectyourtalentstoTHEIRneeds:DescribehowworkingforthisfirmmatchesYOURcareergrowthgoals:Nowtranslateyourskills,abilities,interestsandgoals:WHATTHEJOBCOMPANYNEEDSWHATIHAVETOCONTRIBUTEInterviewingGuidePageofINTERVIEWPREP,WORKSHEETS,PAGEBEPREPAREDKnowyourinterviewer:HRperson,colleagueinthefirm,hiringmanager–canbeacombinationofanyorallplayersinthefirmPlanyourapproachfordifferentintervieweraudiences:screening,evaluation,teammember,decisionmakerFindoutinadvancewhoyouwillseeDoadrivebyorassurethatthedirectionstoyourinterviewlocationaregoodPlanfortheunexpectedaddacushioninadvanceofyourscheduledarrivaltimeQuestionsIwanttobepreparedtoanswer:QuestionsIwouldliketoasktheemployer:PracticeinterviewquestionsAnyresponsesshouldbeshort,abouttosecondsAnswerthequestion,donotovercommunicateToomuchinformationcanbehazardoustoyouroutcomeoreveneliminateyoufromconsiderationPlanyourinterviewoit,pressedandpolishedImpressionsaremadeorbrokeninsecondsNotes:InterviewingGuidePageofCREATINGYOUROWNSECONDCOMMERCIALAsajobseeker,youareinchargeofamarketingcampaignandtheproductisyouOnekeytoolyouwillusethroughouttheprocessisdefiningwhoyouare,whatyouarelookingfor,yourskills,expertiseandexperienceDevelopasecondcommercial,sometimescalledapositioningstatementCommunicatingtoemployerswhatyourgoalsandkeystrengthsareinaclearandconcisewayisessentialtoyoursuccessinacquiringthejobofyourdreamsDonotassumethatatitleandthenameofthecompanyyouworkedforwillclearlypresentwhoyouareandwhatyouhaveaccomplishedOnceyouhavedevelopedyoursecondcommercialyoucancustomizeittofitanysituationYoursecondcommercialcanbeusedinseveralphasesofyourjobsearch•Networkingatmeetings,schoolevents,andevenleisureactivities•Useitinphoneconversationswithpotentialemployerstointroduceyourself•Integrateitintoyourresumeandcoverletterasasummarystatement•Duringaninterviewuseitasyourpointoforiginforanswering“tellmeaboutyourself”Guidelines:•Bespecific–communicatewithadefinedfocus•Makeyourpitchconversational,butnotoverwhelmingwithcontent•Emphasizeyouruniquenessthroughyourskillsandshiningpersonality•CommunicateenthusiasmandmotivationWhattoincludeinyoursecondcommercial•Whatareyoulookingfor(describeyourdreamjob,professionalcareerfield,fulfillingposition)•Recenteducationpriorrelevantworkexperience•Areasofexpertiseskillsaccomplishments•IncludeworksthatemphasizeyourenthusiasmExample:I’mlookingfor(anentrylevel,seniorlevel)positiontousemymechanicalengineeringskillsIrecentlycompletedmydegreeatColoradoSchoolofMinesDuringmylastyear,IworkedfulltimeatXYZFirmassistingthepartnersinplanningprojectsfortheirclientsIsecuredthispositionafterIcompletedafourmonthinternshipTheownerwasimpressedwithmytechnicalskillsandofferedmeafulltimepositionDesignanddevelopmentismythingMystrongestpointsaremyabilitytolistentoclientneedsandcomeupwithuniquewaystocreatesolutionsfortheirprojectspecificationsOneofmymaincareerinterestsismanufacturingintheXXXXXindustryWhatarethekeyqualitiesyoufirmlooksforinamechanicalengineerContributedbyWashingtonGroupInternationalIntegratedEngineering,ConstructionandManagementSolutionsInterviewingGuidePageofANOVERVIEWOFINTERVIEWINGHowtoDressforanInterviewGoodgroomingCheckyourhair,fingernails,andmakeupapplicationClothingshouldbeneatlypressedandshoesshouldbeingoodconditionDressconservativelyTheemphasisshouldbeonappropriatedressthereisnorulethatfitsallpeopleFormaleandfemaleprofessionals,aconservativeandproperlyfittingbusinesssuitisrecommendedIfindoubt,dressupJewelryshouldbelimitedBeardsandmustachesaregenerallyacceptedwhennicelygroomedTypesofInterviewsEmployersoftenuseavarietyofinterviewtechniquesandsettingstodetermineyourcandidacyandhireabilityItistoyouradvantagetobeawareofwhichtypeofinterviewyou’llbeexperiencingandhowtorespondtofitthesituationFollowingarecommoninterviewtypesandtipsforsuccessineachsituationCampusInterviewsCampusinterviewswilldeterminewhowillbeinvitedforonsiteinterviewsTip:YoumustimpressthecampusrecruiterwithyourenthusiasmforyourfieldofstudyandyourpotentialScreeningInterviewScreeninginterviewsmaybeconductedinperson,overthephone,orviavideotohelpemployersdetermineifyoumeettheminimumqualificationsforthepositionThistypeofinterviewisoftenusedwhenanorganizationisconsideringflyingyououttotheirheadquartersforafullroundofinterviewsTheseinterviewsaregenerallyhandledbyarepresentativeoftheHRteamandtendtofollowasetformatSometimesawritten“personality”profilewillaccompanythistypeofinterviewTip:EmphasizesuccinctlyanddirectlythatyoubringthedesiredskillsabilitiesforthepositionForphoneinterviews,keepyournotesandportfoliowithinreachforeasyaccessandreferenceInphoneinterviews,yourvoiceisyouronlypresentationForvideointerviews,rehearseinadvancewithacareercounselortoprepareforanaturalandfocusedpresentationOneonOneInterviewThisisthemostcommoninterviewformatandisusuallyconductedonsitebythehiringmanagerTheinterviewfocusesonquestionstoassessyourskills,knowledge,andabilitiesspecifictothejobTip:Inadditiontosellingyourkeystrengths,askwhatproblemsthesupervisorisfacingcurrentlyandthensuggeststrategiesthatheorshecouldimplementtoresolvetheissuePanelInterviewThreeormorepeople,representingvarieddepartmentswithinthecompany,typicallyconductgroupinterviewsTheserepresentativesgenerallyaskyouquestionsthatrelatetotheirareasofinterestandexpertiseTip:Remembertodirectyouranswerstothepersonwhoasksthequestion,butmaintaineyecontactwithothermembersofthegroupaswellGatherbusinesscardsfromthegroupPlacethecardsinfrontofyouintheconfigurationofthepeopleintheroomtoremembernamesandkeyintotheirrepresentedfunctionsFollowingtheinterview,sendathankyounotetoeachoftheparticipants,personalizingwithcommentsorquestionsspecifictothatindividualordivisionInterviewingGuidePageofPeerGroupInterviewThistypeofgroupinterviewwillintroduceyoutoyourpotentialcoworkersTheseteammemberswillnothavetheultimateauthoritytohireyou,buteachperson’sinputhasinfluenceEachwillbeevaluatingyouandmakingrecommendationsaboutyourfitwiththegroupandthecompanyTip:FocusonbeingagreeableandapproachableratherthansomeonewithalltheanswersLuncheonInterviewThepurposeofalunchinterviewistoassesshowwellyouhandleyourselfinsocialsituationsYouwillprobablybediningwithyourpotentialbossandcoworkersalongwithHRprofessionalsTip:MakeyourmealselectioncarefullySelectlight,healthyandeasythingstoeatSteerclearofspaghettioranyotherpotentiallymessyfoodsthatarenoteasytoeatgracefullyDonotorderalcoholevenifothersdoSecondIntervieworSeriesInterviewTheseriesinterviewconsistsofconsecutiveinterviewswiththreeormorepeopleintheorganization,allinonedayTheinterviewersmayconsistofsomeonefrompersonnel,thepersonwhowillbeyourboss,twoorthreepeoplefromthedepartment,andsomeonefromadifferentdepartmentYoumayhaveacombinationofindividual,panelandpeergroupinterviewsthroughouttheprocessThefocusofthesecondinterviewistoensureyouhavethenecessaryskillsandthatyouwillblendwellwiththeorganization’scultureThekeytoperformingwellinthisinterviewistoknowinadvancethatyouwillbehavingitadvancewarningwillgiveyoutimetogetmentallypreparedTip:SwitchyourfocusfromemphasisonyourspecificstrengthstosellingyourselfasawellbalancedpackageListencarefullytotheinterviewerstodetermineanyunderlyingconcernsandattempttodispelthemProvethatyou’veresearchedthecompanyanddemonstratethatyouwillworkasadedicatedmemberoftheorganizationQualitiesEmployersEvaluateDuringtheInterview•Selfconcept,selfconfidence,goalsetting,realisticassessmentofstrengthsandlimitations•Maturebehaviorandjudgment•Communicationskills,theabilitytointeractwithothers,theabilitytolistenactively•Leadershippotential,oftendemonstratedinextracurricularactivitiesandonthejob•Personality,enthusiasm,poise,cheerfulness,flexibility,senseofhumor•Patternsofaccomplishment•Problemsolvingandanalyticalabilities•Interestinandknowledgeofcareerfield•Workethic,acceptanceofresponsibility,abilitytokeepcommitments•Appearance,dressandgroomingInterviewingGuidePageofLEGALASPECTSOFINTERVIEWINGDiscriminatoryQuestionsIngeneral,allquestionsrelatingtopersonalbackgroundorfamilyhistorymustbeaskedofbothmaleandfemaleapplicantsseekingsimilarpositionsandmustbespecificallyjobrelatedQuestionsaboutmaritalstatusandfamilyplansarenormallyaimedatdeterminingthestudent’slongrangecareercommitmentbut,whiletheunderlyingreasonforthesequestionsmaybelegitimate,theovertquestionsarenotWhenyouareaskedaquestionwhichyouconsidertobediscriminatory,itpresentsarealproblemAlthoughthequestionmaynotbelegal,refusingtoansweritmaymaketheemployerthinkyoucannothandlethejobThebestapproachistogiveacalm,rationalanswertotheCONCERNratherthantheQUESTION:QHowwillyourspousefeelifyouareawayfromhomeseveralnightsamonthAIhavegivenmycareerplanmuchthoughtandpreparationIamconfidentmypersonallifewillnotinterferewithmyjobQuestionssuchasthefollowingrequireananswerbecausetheyreflectonhowconfidentyouareofyourcareerchoiceandabilitytodothejob:"Doyouknowhowdirtyafoundryis""Howdeepamineis""Howwillyoufeelifallyourcustomerscoworkersaremen""Canyouliftalbsackofcement"Inaddition,statementssuchas,"Nomanwillbuymachineryfromawoman"needapositive,butnotargumentativeresponseIfyouhaveanyproblemsinthisareaoranyconcernsaboutthewayyourinterviewwasconducted,pleaseseetheCareerCenterstaffimmediatelytodiscussthesituationInterviewingGuidePageofHANDLINGILLEGALQUESTIONSByRochelleKaplanVariousfederal,state,andlocallawsregulatethequestionsaprospectiveemployercanaskyou,thejobcandidateAnemployer’squestionswhetheronthejobapplication,intheinterview,orduringthetestingprocessmustberelatedtothejobyou’reseekingFortheemployer,thefocusmustbe:“WhatdoIneedtoknowtodecidewhetherthispersoncanperformthefunctionsofthisjob”Ifaskedanillegalquestion,youhavethreeoptions:•Youcananswerthequestionyou’refreetodoso,ifyouwishHowever,ifyouchoosetoansweranillegalquestion,rememberthatyouaregivinginformationthatisn’trelatedtothejobinfact,youmightbegivingthe“wrong”answer,whichcouldharmyourchancesofgettingthejob•Youcanrefusetoanswerthequestion,whichiswellwithinyourrightsUnfortunately,dependingonhowyouphraseyourrefusal,youruntheriskofappearinguncooperativeorconfrontationalhardlywordsanemployerwouldusetodescribethe“ideal”candidate•YoucanexaminethequestionforitsintentandrespondwithananswerasitmightapplytothejobForexample,theinterviewerasks,“AreyouaUScitizen”or“Whatcountryareyoufrom”You’vebeenaskedanillegalquestionYoucouldrespond,however,with“IamauthorizedtoworkintheUnitedStates”Similarly,let’ssaytheinterviewerasks,“Whoisgoingtotakecareofyourchildrenwhenyouhavetotravelforthejob”Youmightanswer,“Icanmeetthetravelandworkschedulethatthisjobrequires”ThefollowingareexamplesofsomeillegalquestionsandtheirlegalcounterpartsInquiryAreaIllegalQuestionLegalQuestionsNationalOriginCitizenship•AreyouaUScitizen•Wherewereyouyourparentsborn•Whatisyour"nativetongue"•AreyouauthorizedtoworkintheUnitedStates•Whatlanguagesdoyoureadspeakwritefluently(Thisquestionisokayonlyifthisabilityisrelevanttotheperformanceofthejob)Age•Howoldareyou•Whendidyougraduate•What'syourbirthdate•AreyouovertheageofMaritalFamilyStatus•What'syourmaritalstatus•Withwhomdoyoulive•DoyouplantohaveafamilyWhen•Howmanykidsdoyouhave•Whatareyourchildcarearrangements•Wouldyoubewillingtorelocateifnecessary•Wouldyoubeableandwillingtotravelasneededforthejob(Thisquestionisokayifitisaskedofallapplicantsforthejob)•Wouldyoubeableandwillingtoworkovertimeasnecessary•(Thesequestionsareokayassumingitisaskedofallapplicantsforthejob)InterviewingGuidePageofInquiryAreaIllegalQuestionLegalQuestionsAffiliations•Whatclubsorsocialorganizationsdoyoubelongto•Listanyprofessionalortradegroupsorotherorganizationsthatyoubelongto•thatyouconsiderrelevanttoyourabilitytodothejobPersonal•Howtallareyou•

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