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首页 求职面试英语系列-Interviewing

求职面试英语系列-Interviewing.pdf

求职面试英语系列-Interviewing

happyfriend
2014-03-21 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《求职面试英语系列-Interviewingpdf》,可适用于求职/职场领域

JobInternshipGuide•SuccessfulInterviewingJobInternshipGuide•“Atsomepointinyoursearchyou'llprobablyhaveaphoneinterviewTome,theyarelikeopenbooktests:youcanwritedownanswersaheadoftime,andhavetheminfrontofyouduringtheinterview!”AlexT,Junior,IntegrativeBiologyPsychology“Employerslookforapersonwhowillbeapleasuretoworkwithandwhowillfitintothecompany’sworkatmospherejustasmuchastheylookforskillsKeepthatinmindwhenconversingwithpotentialemployers!”NicoleB,Sophomore,PsychologyLordertodowell,youmustassessyourcurrentknowledgeabouttheposition,studytheemployer,andanticipatedifficultquestionsInacompetitivejobmarketit’sespeciallyimportanttofollowthesestepstointerviewsuccess:AnalyzethePositionResearchtheEmployerReviewYourExperiencesPractice!ANALYZETHEPOSITIONReviewacopyofthejobdescriptionandhighlightthequalificationsandmainresponsibilitiesIfyouarestillunclearaboutthenatureoftheposition,checkouttheinformationintheVaultEmployerIndustryGuidesthatcanbedownloadedforfreethroughCallisto,theCareerCenter’sgatewaytoonlineservices,andconductinformationalinterviews:seepKeepinmindthatemployerswithlengthyqualificationsstatementsrarelyfindapplicantsstronginallareas,sodonotgetdiscouragedifyoudonotmeetallofthespecifiedrequirements,justbesuretoemphasizeyourstrengthsikeexams,interviewsrequireagreatdealofpreparationIntodoChapterActionItemsmoreinfo:careerberkeleyedu•Writeoutanswerstoquestionsyouthinktheemployerwillaskandkeepalistofyourstrengths,weaknesses,andkeyaccomplishments•Learnabouttheemployer:browsetheirwebsite,conductanarticlesearch,andattendinformationsessionsandcareerfairs•ViewourSuccessfulInterviewingOnlineWorkshop•SignupforCallistotodownloadfreeVaultGuidesoninterviewingatcallistoberkeleyedu•PracticewithfriendsorfamilyandscheduleamockinterviewattheCareerCenter•Haveextracopiesofyourresumeandlayoutyourinterviewattire•Getdirectionstotheinterviewsite,confirmationofthedayandtimeoftheinterviewAllowplentyoftimetogettotheinterviewsiteandarriveatleastminutesearly•Showtheemployerthatyouareagoodfitwithdetailedexamplesoftimeswhenyousuccessfullyusedtheskillstheyseek•SendathankyouemailwithinhoursofyourinterviewcareerberkeleyeduPreparingforYourSearchInternshipsYourJoborInternshipSearchResumeLetterWritingSuccessfulInterviewingInternshipJobOffersRESEARCHTHEEMPLOYERLearnasmuchasyoucanabouttheemployer’smission,services,products,andfutureprospectsUnderstandhowthisorganizationcompareswithsimilarorcompetingorganizationsThebestplacetostartyourresearchisontheemployer’swebsiteInformationcanalsobeobtainedfromthefollowingsources:•See“ResearchtheWorldofWork,”p•Articlesearches(searchGoogleorHooverscom)•AttendEmployerInfoSessions,seep•NetworkwithalumniusingtheCalCareerNetworkorLinkedIn,seep•Talktorepresentativesatcareerfairs,seepREVIEWYOUREXPERIENCESWhenreviewingyourqualifications,considerallexperiencesvaluableeveniftheydonotdirectlyrelatetothepositionReviewthefollowing:•Workexperience•Internships•Volunteerexperience•Classprojects•Coursework•Studentgroupexperience•InterestsandhobbiesForeachexperience,identifytheskillsandknowledgeyoudevelopedManyskillsaretransferablefromonesettingtoanotherBeabletosayhowtheexperiencehaspreparedyoutocontributetoanorganizationForassistanceonreviewingyourskills,see“TopQualitiesEmployersSeekinJobCandidates,”pand“MakingaCareerTransition,”pPRACTICE!Trythefollowingmethodstoboostyourinterviewingconfidence:•PracticesayingyourresponsesoutloudAnsweringpotentialquestionsinfrontofamirrorcanbeusefulforassessingyourfacialexpressions•Haveacareercounselororfriendsandfamilyaskyoualistofquestionsandgiveyoufeedbackonthefollowing:contentandorganizationofyouranswers(completeness,levelofdetail,howeasytofollow)andyourpresentationstyle(pace,voicequalitytone,energy,posture,eyecontact,handgestures,etc)•FilmortapeyourresponsesandreviewyourperformanceAskyourself:didIlooksoundconfident,whatdoesmybodylanguagesay,didIlooksoundrelaxed,anddidIsoundenthusiasticFEELINGNERVOUSFeelingnervousaboutinterviewsisnormalInfact,beingalittlenervouscanbehelpful,motivatingyoutoprepareanddoyourbestButworryingaboutbeingnervoususuallyjustmakesyoumorenervous!FocusyourenergyonbeingmoreselfconfidentinsteadUsethesetipstoharnessyournervousenergy:•ThinkofyouraccomplishmentsTrytothinkoffivethingsyouwouldliketheemployertoknowaboutyouandpracticetellingthesestoriesoutloudsothatyouwillsoundmorepolishedandpreparedforyourinterview•RememberthatinterviewingisatwowaystreetKeepinmindthatyouarenottheonlypersonbeingevaluatedduringtheinterviewYoucanalsothinkaboutwhatimpressiontheinterviewermakesonyouandviewhimorherasaresourcetolearnmoreaboutthecompanyandthepositionThiswillhelpgiveyouasenseifthisemployerisonethatyouwouldliketoworkforandwhetherornotthispositionfitsinwithyourgoals•BuildrapportinthefirstsecondsFirstimpressionscansetthetonefortherestoftheinterviewWhenyourinterviewercomesintothewaitingroomandcallsyourname,walktowardthatpersonwithconfidence,makeeyecontact,extendyourhandforahandshake,andsay,“HelloI’m(insertyournamehere)”ThisshouldhelpsetthetoneforasuccessfulinterviewETIQUETTETIPSFORINTERVIEWS•Beontime!Evenbetter,arriveminutesearly•Donotchewgumorweartoomuchfragrance•Styleyourhairneatlyandkeepitoffyourface•Donotputyourbelongingsontheinterviewdesk•Turnoffcellphones•BerespectfultoeveryoneJoboffershavebeendeniedonhowapplicantstreatadministrativestaff•AlertreferencesthattheymaybecontactedBringyourreferencelistwithyoutoyourinterviewsForreferencesheetformat,seepJobInternshipGuide•TYPESOFINTERVIEWSIfpossible,askyourprospectiveemployerwhattypeofinterviewyouwillhaveThiswillhelpyouprepareandfeelmoreconfidentTypesofinterviewsinclude:•Oneonone:justyouandoneinterviewer,themostcommontypeofinterview•Panel:morethanonepersoninterviewsyouatthesametime•Group:agroupofcandidatesisinterviewedbyapanel•Meal:youareinterviewedwhileeating,usuallyoverlunch•Working:youareputtoworkandobserved•Telephone:oftenusedasascreeningtoolbeforeinvitingyoutoanonsiteinterview•OnSiteorSecondRound:afteryouhavemadeitthroughascreeninginterview,manyorganizationswillinviteyoutotheirsiteforanextendedinterviewthatmayincludeaseriesofdifferenttypesofinterviews,asitetour,andamealGettingasecondroundinterviewmeanstheorganizationisseriouslyconsideringyouforaposition•Scheduleitforatimewhenyoucangivepercentofyourattentionandtakethecallinaquietplace•Jotdownpointsyouwanttomake,alistofyourskillsandaccomplishmentswithexamples,andquestionstoask•Keepacopyofyourresumeandthejobdescriptionnearthephone•Haveyourcalendarinfrontofyouifyouneedtosetupanotherinterview•Askforclarificationifnecessaryandthinkoutyourresponsesclearlybeforeyouanswer•Showenthusiasmforthepositionbesuretosmileitcancomethroughinyourvoice•Avoidsaying“ah,er,um”Thesenonwordsaremorenoticeableonthephone•Dressinbusinesscasualattiretohelpputyouinaninterviewmindset•Confirmthedate,time,location,andwhoyoushouldaskforonyourarrival•MakeanynecessarytravelarrangementsIftravelingoutofthearea,willthecompanymakereservationsforyou•KeepanyreceiptsSomemediumandlargesizedcompaniesmaypayyourexpenses•ResearchthecompanyaheadoftimeTheemployerwillexpectyoutobeveryfamiliarwiththem•Studythejobdescriptionandknowexactlywhatyouareinterviewingfor•Bringextracopiesofyourresume,transcripts,references,andallemployerformsthatyouhavebeenaskedtocomplete•Bringatleastfivequestionstoask,see“QuestionstoAskEmployers,”pDeveloplistsofdifferentquestionstailoredtowhoyouaremeetingwith(eg,youcanaskahumanresourcesrepresentativequestionsaboutthecompanyculturewhereasyoucanaskapotentialcoworkermoredetailedquestionsaboutjobresponsibilities)•BepreparedtoanswerthesamequestionseveraltimesDuringthedayyouwillmostlikelymeetwithseveralpeople:yourpotentialsupervisor,coworkersandahumanresourcesrepresentativeTheymayaskyouthesamequestionsBeenthusiastic,honest,andconsistentinyouranswers•RememberthatyouarealwaysbeingevaluatedIngroupactivitiesandduringmeals,yourabilitytoworkwithpeopleandyour“fit”intheorganizationisbeingobserved•RememberthattheinterviewisatwowaystreetBeobservantWhatistheatmospherelikeAreemployeesfriendly•RemembertoaskwhenyoucanexpecttohearfromtheemployeragainIftheemployerdoesnotrespondwithinthattime,youmayphoneoremailthepersonwhointerviewedyoutoaskaboutyourstatus•KnowwhattodoifyoureceiveanofferonthespotInmostcases,it’sbettertothinkabouttheofferbeforeacceptingordecliningIfyoudoreceiveaverbalofferandarenotreadytomakeadecision,askforwrittenconfirmationandtellthefirmwhenyouexpecttomakeadecisionMaintaincommunicationwiththefirm•Afteryourvisit,sendathankyouletterwithinoneortwodaystothepersoninchargeofyourvisitwithcopiestotheothersinvolvedYoushouldmentionwhatyouappreciatedfromtheday’sactivitiesandyourinterestsinboththejobandtheorganizationAweekaftersendingtheletter,youmaycontacttheemployertoshowyourcontinuedinterestandaskifthereisanyadditionalinformationyoucanprovidePreparingforaPhoneInterviewtodotodoPreparingforaSecondRoundInterviewcareerberkeleyeduPreparingforYourSearchInternshipsYourJoborInternshipSearchResumeLetterWritingSuccessfulInterviewingInternshipJobOffersTYPESOFINTERVIEWQUESTIONSMostinterviewsconsistofdifferenttypesofinterviewquestionsthatwilldependonthepositionandtheorganizationTypesofinterviewquestionsinclude:Thesearestraightforwardquestionsaboutyourexperience,background,andpersonaltraitsExamples:•Whatareyourgreateststrengthsandweaknesses•Tellmeaboutyourself•WhyshouldIhireyouTheseverypopularquestionsarebasedonthepremisethatpastbehaviorbestpredictsfuturebehaviorForexample,ifyouhaveshowninitiativeinacluborclassproject,youarelikelytoshowinitiativewhenyouareworkingBeforeaninterview,eachpositionisassessedbytheemployerfortheskillsandtraitsthatrelatetojobsuccessandrelatedinterviewquestionsaredevelopedExamples:•Describeasituationwhereyouusedpersuasiontosuccessfullyconvincesomeonetoseethingsyourway•TellmeaboutatimewhenyouhadtotakeonaleadershiproleYoushouldrespondtothesequestionswithaspecificexamplewhereyouhavedemonstratedtheskilltheinterviewerisseekingIt’shelpfultoremember“CAR”tocomposeathoughtfulresponseHere’showitworks:CONTEXT:Whatwastheproblem,need,orconcernIncludeobstaclesyouhadtoovercomeACTIONSyoutook:Thisdoesnotmeanwhatthegroupdid,butwhatyoudidPracticesaying“I”insteadof“We”AssumeownershipofyouraccomplishmentsRESULTSyouachieved:quantifytheresultsandrelatethem,yourskills,andactionstotheemployer’sneedsHowwillyouknowwhatskillsareimportantforaparticularpositionsoyoucanpreparetargetedexamples•Readthejobinternshipdescriptionandhighlightskills,qualifications,andwhatyouwilldoonthejob•Readoccupationalinformationthatdescribeswhichskillsareusedinjobsinternshipsliketheonesyouwant•Askquestionsatemployerinformationsessionsorcareerandinternshipfairs•ContactalumniorcurrentstudentsworkinginthesamepositionorcompanyGotointerviewswithseveralstoriesthatshowoffyourrelevantskillsDevelopthembyanticipatingtheskillsthatareimportantforthepositionandbyreviewingpastexperiencesforyouraccomplishmentsAccomplishmentscanbefoundinallpartsofyourlife:•Academics,includingclassprojects•Sports(WillyourgoalorientationtransfertoyourcareerWhatdidyoulearnaboutbeingateamplayer)•Activities(Haveyoupublishedastory,givenaspeech,ormarchedintheCalBandWereyoualeader)•Volunteer,work,orinternshipexperiences(WhendidyourperformanceexceedexpectationsAchievesomethingnewMakethingseasierSaveormakemoney)Dependingontheindustrythatyouwanttoenter,youmayreceivequestionsrelatedtoconceptsthatyoulearnedfromyourcoursework,industryknowledge(eg,familiaritywithfinancialmarkets),orspecificskills(eg,programminglanguages)Technicalcasequestionsareespeciallycommoninbusinessfieldssuchasfinance,consulting,andaccountingandalsoinengineering,physicalscience,andcomputersciencefieldsInordertoprepareforthesetypesofquestions,itcanbehelpfultoaskemployeerepresentatives,alumni,orpeerswhohavehadinterviewsinthatfieldaboutthetypesofquestionsyoucanexpectInaddition,readingthroughtheVaultCareerGuidesandInterviewGuides(eg,GuidetoCaseInterviews)canhelpyoulearnmoreabouttheskillseachindustryvaluesandcanalsogiveyouanideaofindustryspecificquestionsthatyoumightexpectQualificationsBehavioralTechnicalCaseSEENEXTPAGEFORPRACTICEINTERVIEWQUESTIONSJobInternshipGuide•PRACTICEINTERVIEWQUESTIONSSincemostinterviewsconsistofamixofdifferentquestiontypes,practicerespondingtoquestionsfromboththequalificationandbehavioralcategoriesAddinsometechnicalcasequestionsifyouareenteringafieldthatisknowntousethemForinformationon“TypesofInterviewQuestion,”seepPracticeQualificationQuestions•Whyareyoupursuingthisfield•Describeyouridealjob•Whatareyourcareerplans•Whatdoyouseeyourselfdoinginfiveyears•Doyouplantoreturntoschoolforfurthereducation•Whatclassesdidyouenjoymostleastandwhy•Whatotherpositionsareyouinterviewingfor•Whyareyouinterestedinourorganization•Wheredoyouseeyourselffittingin•Whatdoyouknowaboutourservicesproducts•Howdoyoufeelabouttravelingaspartofyourjob•Inwhattypeofsettingdoyoudoyourbestwork•Tellmeaboutyourself•WhyshouldIhireyou•Howdoesyourbackgroundrelatetothisposition•Whatcanyouofferus•Whathaveyoulearnedfromthejobsyouhavehad•Tellmeaboutanaccomplishmentthatyouareproudof•Whatareyourgreateststrengths•Whatareyourgreatestweaknesses•WhydidyoudecidetoattendUCBerkeley•Whydidyouchooseyourmajor•Whathaveyoulearnedfromyourfailures•Whatmotivatesyoutodogoodwork•Howdoyouprefertobesupervised•HowwouldaformersupervisordescribeyouPracticeBehavioralQuestionsInterpersonalskills•Whenworkingonateamproject,haveyoueverdealtwithastrongdisagreementamongteammembersorateammemberwhodidn’tdotheirpartWhatdidyoudo•Tellmeaboutthemostdifficultorfrustratingindividualthatyou’veeverhadtoworkwithandhowyoumanagedtoworkwithhimorher•TellmeaboutatimewhenyouhadtobeassertiveCommunicationskills•TellmeaboutatimewhenyouhadtopresentcomplexinformationHowdidyougetyourpointacross•Describeatimewhenyouusedpersuasiontoconvincesomeonetoseethingsyourway•TellmeaboutatimewhenyouusedwrittencommunicationskillstocommunicateanimportantpointInitiative•Givemeanexampleofwhenyouhadtogoaboveandbeyondthecallofdutytogetajobdone•TellmeaboutprojectsyouhaveinitiatedWhatpromptedyoutobeginthemLeadership•Tellmeaboutatimewhenyouinfluencedtheoutcomeofaprojectbytakingaleadershiprole•Describeyourleadershipstyleandgivemeanexampleofasituationwhereyousuccessfullyledagroup•Givemeanexampleofyourabilitytobuildmotivationinyourcoworkers,classmates,oravolunteercommitteePlanningandorganization•HowdoyoudetermineprioritiesinschedulingyourtimeGivemeanexample•TellmeaboutanimportantgoalofyoursHowdidyoureachit•DescribeasituationwhenyouhadmanyassignmentsorprojectsdueatthesametimeWhatstepsdidyoutaketofinishthem•Givemeanexampleofwhatyou’vedonewhenyourtimescheduleorplanwasupsetbyunforeseencircumstancesFlexibility•Describeasituationinwhichyouovercamea“personalityconflict”inordertogetresults•Describeatimewhereyouwerefacedwithissuesthattestedyourcopingskills•DescribeatimewhenyoureceivedconstructivecriticismCreativityinnovation•Whenandhowdidyouprovideacreativesolution•WhatisthemostcreativethingyouhavedoneDecisionmaking•GiveanexampleofwhenyouhadtomakeadifficultdecisionHowdidyouapproachitWhatkindsofcriteriadidyouuse•Describeatimewhenyouhadtodefendyourdecision•Summarizeasituationwhereyouhadtolocaterelevantinformation,definekeyissues,anddeterminethestepstogetadesiredresultcareerberkeleyeduPreparingforYourSearchInternshipsYourJoborInternshipSearchResumeLetterWritingSuccessfulInterviewingInternshipJobOffersIntechnicalcaseinterviews,youwillbepresentedwithacomplexprobleminvolvingissuesorsituationsthatarenotlikelytobefamiliarYouwillbeaskedtoformulateasolutiontotheproblemundertighttimeconstraintsWhileprimarilyananalyticalexercise,thesequestionsalsogaugeyourcomfortlevelwithproblemsolving,yourcuriosityabouttheproblemathand,andyourabilitytoarticulateyourinsightsTipsforTechnicalCaseInterviews•UsepicturesanddiagramsifitwillhelpWhenyoufinish,askifthatwaswhattheinterviewerwaslookingfor•Often,youwon’tknowtheanswer,butyouneedtomakeanattemptRemember,theinterviewerisevaluatinghowyouapproachaproblemjustasmuchasyouranswerLogicalandreasonablethinkingisprefe

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