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首页 求职面试英语系列-GuidetoInterviewing

求职面试英语系列-GuidetoInterviewing.pdf

求职面试英语系列-GuidetoInterviewing

happyfriend
2014-03-21 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《求职面试英语系列-GuidetoInterviewingpdf》,可适用于求职/职场领域

InterviewPreparationPacketTableofContentsBasicInterviewingTipsWhatisaninterviewHowdoIprepareforaninterviewResponsesCommonInterviewQuestionsQuestionstoAsktheInterviewerBehavioralQuestionsIllegalvsLegalQuestionsThankYouLetterFollowUpAdditionalHelpBasicInterviewingTipsResearchthecompanyandthepositionUnderstandthecompany‘sproductsandservices,clientele,culture,etc(Usetheinternetandoneothersourceifpossible)TakeatestdrivetothelocationoftheinterviewifyouarenotfamiliarwithdirectionspriortotheinterviewdateDressappropriately,conservatively,andprofessionallyNoexcessivejewelryorotheraccessoriesthatdistracttheinterviewerfromfocusingonYOUPreparequestions(Atleast)Arriveearly(Preferablyminutes)Bringaprofessionalfolder(portfolio)withanotepad,pen,EXTRARESUMES,andalistofreferencesNomanilafolders!BepersonableGreetthereceptionist,staff,andinterviewerwithasmileOfferasolidhandshakewheneveryougetthechance(Usuallyuponarrivalanddeparture)RemembertoSMILE!DonotsitdownbeforetheinterviewerWaittobeshownwheretositortobeaskedtobeseatedMakegoodeyecontactDonotfidgetwithpens,paper,oryourhandsTrytokeephandsstillorfoldedinyourlapIfcrossingyourlegs,avoidbouncingyourlegorfootSitupstraightwithupright,yetrelaxedpostureDon’tspeaktoofastSpeakclearlyanddon'tbeafraidtopauseamomenttocollectyourthoughtsSilenceisbetterthanfillingthetimewith―um‘s‖and―uh‘s‖Donotcriticizepreviousemployers,supervisors,professors,etcBehonestDon'ttrytocoverupmistakesInstead,focusonhowyoulearnedfromthemBeassertiveRemembertheinterviewisawayforyoutolearnifthejobisrightforyouAsktheinterviewerforabusinesscardandsendathankyounoteoremailassoonaspossibleWhatisanInterviewAninterviewislikeafinalexamYoursuccessdependsonhowthoroughlyyouhavepreparedforthistestofyourabilitytohandlethesubjectAndthesubjectisyouHowwellyoucanrelateyourskills,interests,andpotentialtotheneedsoftheemployerwilldictateyoursuccessAlthoughinterviewingisusuallystressful,itshouldnotbeapproachedwithsuchfearthatyouarenearlyimmobilizedbyanxietyManyfactorsareatplayonthehiringscene,andyoushouldexpecttoencountermany―no‘s‖beforetheright―yes‖comesalongThereisnoonesurewaytoprepareforaninterviewTherefore,thisguideshouldbeusedasatoolandafoundationfromwhichtobeginpreparingPURPOSE:Tosupplytheemployerwithinformationaboutyouthatisnotcontainedinyourresumé,applicationorcoverletterItisnotaninterrogation,butinsteadshouldbeaconversationToenabletheemployertoevaluateyourpersonality,communicationskills,attitudes,values,vitality,motivation,andinterest,basedontherequirementsofthepositionandtheorganizationToenableyoutogainfurtherinformationabouttheemployerandpositionFOCUSON:WhatyouhavedoneandwhatyoucandofortheemployerHowyoucanhelptheemployeraccomplishtheobjectivesoftheorganizationHowtheemployercanhelpyouachieveyourobjectiveseitherdirectlyorindirectlyTYPESOFINTERVIEWS:TelephoneInterview:Alsoknownasa―screening‖interviewThisistonarrowdowntheapplicantpoolsoastoonlyinvitethetopcandidatesonsiteforanonsiteinterviewHumanResourcesInterview:AnotherkindofprescreeningtypeofinterviewthatcanbeheldatthecompanyorconductedonthephoneAnHRrepresentativewillmakesureyouhavetheappropriateexperience,educationalbackgroundandskillsforthepositionOnSiteInterview:ThefocusisoninitialimpressionsandreactionsoftheapplicantYoumayormaynotmeetwithadepartmentheadorsupervisorIffavorable,aninvitationwillfollowforanindepthinterviewatthecompanyIndepthInterview:Thisisdonebythehiringauthoritysuchasdepartmenthead,manager,orsupervisorItcanlastfromminutestoafulldayincludinglunchanddinnerYoumaymeetwithavarietyofpeopleandmayhaveagroupinterviewGroupInterview:UsuallyusedtomeasurereactiontoavarietyofindividualsandsituationsortohaveacertaingroupofinvolvedrepresentativesfromtheemployermakeacollectivedecisionIneducation,thiswouldbeasearchcommitteeorboardofeducationThisisusuallypartoftheindepthinterview,especiallyifyouhaveadayofinterviewingandaremeetingwithavarietyofpeoplefromtheorganizationHowdoIprepareforaninterviewThoroughselfexaminationisnecessaryTheinterviewerwillfocusongettingtoknowyourpersonalcharacteristicsandwillbelookingforapatternofbehaviorThereforeyoumusthaveagoodideaofWhatskillsyouhavetoofferWhatyouhaveaccomplishedWhatyoudowithyourtimeWhoyouare,yourpersonality,values,andattitudesWhereyouwanttogowiththisjobwhatareyourgoalsThoroughresearchofthecompanyYoumustknowenoughaboutthecompanytojustifywhyyouareseekingemployment,andtoformulateintelligentquestionsabouttheorganizationWhataretheproducts,services,sizeandclienteleWhatistherelativesizeofthefirmintheindustryWhatfunctionsareinvolvedinthepositionforwhichyouareapplyingWhatistheorganizationindustry‘spotentialforgrowthHowistheorganizationstructuredWhoistheircompetitionSourcesofinformation:Employerbrochures,annualreports,directories,newspapers,businessandtradejournals,professionalassociations,employeesintheorganization,etcNoexcusewillbeacceptabletoanemployerfornotknowingthisinformationPlanyourpresentation:Bepreparedtotalkaboutyourbackground,accomplishments,skills,abilities,andgoalsMakealistofyourbest“sellingpoints”andbringittotheinterviewMakesurethatyoumakethesepointsknownDonotwaitfortheemployertoaskquestionswhichleadtothisinformationbepreparedtosellyourselfCiteSPECIFICEXAMPLESthatdemonstrateyourskillsandstrengthsPreparequestionsfortheemployerRememberthatyouarealsolookingfortherightorganization,people,andworkingenvironmentAskingintelligentquestionsisjustasimportantashowyouanswertheirquestionsDonotwaituntiltheendoftheinterviewwhenyouareaskedifyouhaveanyquestionsPromoteatwowayconversationthroughouttheinterviewbyinterjecting(notinterrupting)questionsandresponsesLeadtheinterviewertoyourareaofknowledgebyaskingrelatedquestionsBepreparedwithreferencesThreereferencesaretypicallyrequestedbyemployersHavethecorrectname,title,workaddress,telephonenumber,faxnumber,andemailaddressofthosepeoplewhomyouhaveaskedtoserveasareferenceforyouMakesureyouaskpermissionandgiveyourreferenceaheadsupthatyouareinterviewingforjobsGiveeachpersonwhowillactasyourreferenceacopyofyourrésumésothathesheisawareofthetypeofpositionforwhichyouareinterviewingYoumightwanttoaskyourreferencesforlettersofrecommendationtokeeponfileExcellentreferencesarehardtocomebysodonotrisklosingoneduetoretirement,relocation,orillnessWhattobringBringcopiesofyourresumé,referencelist,andanunofficialtranscriptwithyoutotheinterviewYoushouldalsohaveapadofpaperandpenspencilsCarrycontactphonenumbersincaseyouaredetainedalongthewayandneedtocalltheinterviewertoinformhimherofyourdelayDonotforgetalistofjobrelatedquestionsBeforetheinterview,makesurethatyouverifythedate,time,andplace,havedirectionsanddecidedonarouteoftravelPortfoliosThesearetypicallyusedbywriters,artists,designers,advertisers,etcHowever,studentsinanymajorcanuseportfoliostodemonstrateskills,abilities,andaccomplishmentsTheycanincludewritingsamples,artwork,projectsummaries,andmaterialsfromaneventthatyouorganized,andaletterofrecommendationaWhattowear(suggestionsformen)Aconservative,dark,twopiece,singlebreastedsuitisappropriateAnypatterninthefabricshouldbesubtleWhite,longsleeveddressshirtandaconservativetiewilllookprofessionalBlackdressshoesthatarepolishedandblackdresssocksarerecommendedConservativejewelryshouldbeworn–oneringandwatchonly(considerremovingearringsbodypiercings,ifdistractingorinappropriate)Hairshouldbeneatkeepspraysandgelstoanabsoluteminimum–no―wet‖looksUseverylittlecologneornoneatallbWhattowear(suggestionsforwomen)Aconservative,darkcoloredsuitordresswithajacketisbestwithabusinessblouseortailoredshirtKneelengthoraninchaboveisthehighestyourhemshouldbeShoesshouldbecomfortableandsimplewithlowheelsandinadarkcolorthatmatchesorcomplementsyourclothesHosieryshouldbeanaturalcolororthecolorofyourshoesJewelryshouldbekepttoaminimumsimplegoldorsilveraccessories–noflashyfashionjewelry(considerremovingbodypiercings,ifdistractingorinappropriate)HandbagsshouldbeconservativeandmatchyourshoesnottoolargeoverstuffedIfyouarecarryinganattachécase,carryaverysimpleandsmallhandbagornoneatallUseverylittlecologneperfume,ornoneatallResponses:Keepresponsesrelatedtopositionyouareinterviewingfor:PersonalinformationcanbeinterestingbutnotnecessarilyappropriateinaninterviewSticktoresponsesthatshowhowyouaremostqualifiedforthepositionyouareseekingExamples,Examples,Examples:GivingconcreteexampleshelpsyoupresentyourselfinaspecificanduniquewaytotheemployerFocusonthepositive:OftenemployerscanaskquestionsaboutyourweaknessesorwhyyouleftyourlastjobItmaybetemptingtodwellonthenegative,butalwaysputa―positivespin‖inyouranswersFollowtheSTAR:Whenindoubt,followtherulesofSTAR(ExplainarelatedSituation,theTaskathand,yourActiontaken,andthepositiveResult!)IMPORTANT:PleasetakethetimetoreviewandthinkofyourownpersonalresponsesAmockinterviewcanbescheduledwithaCareerCounselortopracticethismaterialPleasesetupanappointmentbycallingCareerServicesatorviaemail:careerseasterncteduCommonInterviewQuestionsTellmeaboutyourselfKeepresponserelatedtothejobyouareapplyingforYoumayincludeeducationalexperience,interests,goals,dreams,recentactivities,etcAnotherapproachistogiveexamplesoftraitsthatdescribeyoubest:EX:Iamahardworking,creative,andorganizedindividualwholikestoworkwithelementarystudentsIhavebeenastudentteacherforthepastyearandwouldliketoencouragechildrentoachievetheirpotentialWhyareyouthebestpersonforthejobFocusonhowyoufitwiththedescriptionofthepositionWhatskillsexperiencecanyoubringtothispositionEX:Youraddescribedthatyouarelookingforapersonwith,,andIhaveexperienceworkingwithandhave,,andskillsHowhasyoureducationaltrainingpreparedyouforthisjobExplainhowcoursework,internships,volunteerexperience,projects,orworkshophavecontributedtoyourlearningandhavehelpedyougainskillsforthejobGiveconcreteexamplesEX:MycoursesinchildhooddevelopmentgavemeinsightintothedevelopmentalstagesofelementarystudentsIalsoworkedonaprojectwithmypeerswhichhelpedtogainskillsinassessingstudents‘needsByworkingatanelementaryschoolthispastyear,IhavegainedhandsonexperiencewiththestudentsaswellaswithteachersinthefieldWhyisyourGPAlow(Note:EmployerscanrequestyourGPAortranscript)Iftheemployerhasaccesstothisinformation,bepreparedtoexplainwhyyourGPAmaybelowExplainreasonswhy:WorkingfulltimewhileinschoolTransitionedtoanothermajorDiscoveredthattheprogramwasnotagoodfitordescribethatyourGPAisnotagoodreflectionofyourcapabilitiesDescribehowyouremploymenthistoryandreferencesareabletovouchforyourskills,character,andabilitiesDiscussyourworkexperienceFocusonjobsthatarerelatedtothejobyouareapplyingfor,yetyoumayconsidermentioningskillsthatyouacquiredfromunrelatedemploymentMakesuretogiveexamplesofaccomplishmentsandoverallskillsthatyouhavelearnedfromyourworkexperienceInwhatworkenvironmentareyoumostproductiveExplainwhatworkenvironmentsyouhavehadexperienceinThen,explainwhatyouridealworkingenvironmentwouldbeEX:MyidealworkingenvironmentwouldbeonewhereIcouldutilizemy,andskillsNameadjectivesordescriptorsthatbestdescribeyouBehonestandgiveexamplestobackupthedescriptorsEX:Iamhardworking,creative,andintelligentIhavepursuedmydegreewhileworking,achievedaGPAofandhaveaccomplishedprojectsandassignmentsthathavebeencreativeanduniqueatbothworkandschoolWhydoyouwantthisjobDiscussthepositionandhowyouarequalifiedforitAgain,giveexamplesofhowyouareamatchforthehiringpositionMakesureyoureallywantthejobyouareapplyingfor!EX:ThepositiondescribessomeonewhohasstrongorganizationandleadershipskillsForexample,Ihavebeenaleaderasacoachforgirls‘highschoolbasketballteamforyearsandhavestrongorganizationskillsthatIusedtoplanandimplementpracticesandgamesWhatareyoulookingforinapositionSharehowyouwouldliketocontributeyourskillsDiscusshowyouwishtoservicetheclienteleyouwillbeworkingwithYoumaymentionthatyouwouldliketogainexperienceandtheopportunitytogrowinthefieldAdditionally,agoodreasontowantacertainpositionistogainasenseofpurposeorfulfillmentWhatareyourstrengthsStrengthsmaybedifferentfromdescriptorsDiscusswhatyourabilitiesareandsharewhatyouarebestataccomplishingEX:SomeofmystrengthsincludethatIcommunicatewellwithothers,payhighattentiontodetail,andproblemsolvewellForexample,Iwasabletosolveaproblemwith…(Provideexamplesofyourstrengths)WhatareyourweaknessesNameapositiveweaknessShareaweaknessthatisworkrelatedDonotincludeanyweaknessthatdealwithyourpersonallifeoryourrelationshipsEX:―Icanbetooambitious‖,―Iamsometimestimidtoapproachmysupervisor‖or―Icantaketimetomakedecisions‖Giveexamplesastohowyouareimprovingyour―weakness‖EX:IamworkingonbecomingmoreassertiveandconfidentinmydecisionmakingandhavemadegreatstridesHowwouldcoworkersdescribeyouGivespecifictraitsandexamplesIncludepersonalitytraitsthatfitwiththejobdescriptionEX:CoworkerswouldsaythatIworkwellunderpressureandkeepalevelheadintimesofcrisisIalsohaveafriendlynatureandsetpeopleateaseWhatdidyoulikeordislikeaboutcollegeandoryourpreviousjobFocusonthe―likes‖ratherthan―dislikes‖Ifyouhave―dislikes‖,limityouranswersanddonotdwellonthemAlso,trytoputapositivespinonwhatyoudislikedEX:Idislikedaboutmylastjob,butthistaughtmetoWhydidyouleaveyourlastjobBehonest,butdonotcriticizeyourlastjoborlastemployerThiswillshownegativityandtheinterviewingcompanymaybelievethatyoumightspeaknegativelyaboutthemIfyouleftyourlastjobduetonegativecircumstances,again,putapositivespinonwhatyoulearnedfromthatexperienceAreyouwillingtorelocateIfrequiredinthejobdescription,sayyesInterviewingforajobthatrequiresrelocationmeansthatyouareinterestedandhaveacceptedrelocatingasapossibilityIfnotpreviouslymentionedinthejobadvertisement,statethatyouareopentoconsiderationThisisneitheraYESnoraNOandleavesthetopicopentodiscussionWhatareyourgreatestachievementsKeepanswersrelativetojobandconsiderincludingonepersonalachievementThisshowsthatyouhavelifegoalsaccomplishmentsasidefromworkProvideexamplesWhatdoessuccessmeanforyouDescribethepositivequalitiesthatyoupossessasasuccessBehonestandfocusonwhatismostfulfillingforyouGiveanexamplerelatedtothecareeryouarepursuingEX:SuccesstomemeansreachingforgoalsandnotgivinguporgivingintonegativityItalsomeanshavingcloserelationshipswithfriendsandfamilySuccessalsomeansusingmygiftsandtalentstoworkwithchildrenandmakeapositivedifferenceinachild‘slifeWhatdoyouknowaboutourorganizationDoyourresearchIfyoucannotanswerthisquestion,thenyouhavenotproperlypreparedfortheinterviewEX:IhaveheardthatyourcompanyservicesdescribeclientelebyprovidingdescribeservicesIlikethatyourcompanydescribeonepositiveaspectofthecompanyWhatareyourshorttermgoalsHopefullythatpositionyouareapplyingforisoneofyourshorttermgoalsThisisagoodopportunitytoexplainyourcareergoalsandhowyouwouldliketoincludethepositionyouareapplyingforasoneofyourcareergoalsWhatareyourlongtermgoalsDescribethatyouwishtoprogressandadvancewiththecompanyifthisisdesiredMentionthatyouhopethatthepositionyouareapplyingforisagoodopportunityforgrowthwithinthefieldStayinginthecurrentfieldorwiththecompanyisalwaysasafeanswerandshowsthatyouarenotlookingtoholdatemporarypositionwiththecompanyEX:IhopetoexpandmyskillsetandcontributetothefieldofIwouldliketogrowandlearninthefieldtoeventuallybecomeaWhatareyoursalaryrequirementsAgoodwaytorespondistoavoidbeingboxedintoaparticularamountThisisnotrude,butrather,helpstheinterviewerfocusonwhetherornottheywanttoofferthejobtoyoubasedonyourskills,experience,andqualificationsEX:I‘mhopingthatyouwillconsidermyexperienceandskillsthatIwouldbringtothispositionandcompensatemewithafairofferEX:I‘msurethatwecancometoasalaryagreementifI‘mtherightpersonforthejob,andIhopeyou‘llagreethatIamIftheemployerreallyneedstohaveananswer,trytostayawayfrommentioningONEexactfigu

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