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首页 专业英语词汇水利水电工程专业

专业英语词汇水利水电工程专业.pdf

专业英语词汇水利水电工程专业

187*****662@sina.cn
2014-03-18 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《专业英语词汇水利水电工程专业pdf》,可适用于高等教育领域

专业英语词汇水利水电工程专业施工总平面布置(施工总体布置)constructiongenerallayout施工组织ConsructionProgramming施工组织设计constructionplanning施工坐标系(建筑坐标系)constructioncoordinatesystem湿化变形soakingdeformation湿润比percentageofwettedarea湿润灌溉wettingirrigation湿室型泵房wetpittypepumphouse湿陷变形系数soakingdeformationcoefficient湿陷起始压力initialcollapsepressure湿陷系数(湿陷变形系数)coefficientofcollapsibility湿周wettedperimeter十字板剪切试验vanesheartest石袋honeycomb时均流速timeaveragevelocity时均能量timeaverageenergy时效硬化(老化)agehardening(ageing)时针式喷灌系统(中心支轴自走式系统)centralpivotsprinklersystem实测放大图surveyedamplificationmap实腹柱solidcolumn实际材料图primitivedatamap实时接线分析realtimeconnectionanalysis实时控制realtimecontrol实时数据和实时信息realtimedataandrealtimeinformation实体坝soliddike实体重力坝solidgravitydam实物工程量realworkquantity实验站experimentalstation实用堰practicalweir示流信号器liquidflowannunciator示坡线slopeindicationline示误三角形errortriangle示踪模型tracermodel事故failure(accident)事故备用容量reservecapacityforaccident事故低油压trippingloweroilpressure事故音响信号emergencysignal(alarmsignal)事故运行方式accidentoperationmode事故闸门emergencygate事故照明accidentlighting事故照明切换屏accidentlightingchangeoverpanel势波potentialwave势流potentialflow势能potentialenergy势涡(自由涡)potentialvortex视差parallax视差法测距(基线横尺视差法)subtensemethodwithhorizontalstaff视差角parallacticangle视准线法collimationlinemethod视准轴(照准轴)coolimationaxis试验处理treatmentofexperiment试验端子testterminal试验项目Testingitem试验小区experimentalblock试运行testrun试运行testrun收敛测量convergencemeasurement收敛约束法convergenceconfinementmethod收缩断面venacontracta收缩缝(温度缝)contractionjoint(temperaturejoint)收缩水深contracteddepth手动自动复归manualautomaticreset手动自动准同期manualautomaticprecisesynchronization手动调节manualregulation手动控制manualcontrol手动运行manualoperation手工电弧焊manualarcwelding首曲线(基本等高线)standardcontour首子午线(本初子午线起始子午线)primemeridian受油器oilhead枢纽布置layoutofhydroproject疏浚dredging输电系统transmissionsystem输电线transmissionline输入功率试验inputtest输沙量sedimentrunoff输沙率sedimentdischarge输水钢管steelpipeforwaterconveyance输水沟conveyanceditch输水建筑物waterconveyancestructure输水渠道waterconveyancecanal鼠道moledrains鼠道犁moleplough鼠笼型感应电动机squirrelcageinductionmotor竖井定向测量shaftorientationsurvey竖井贯流式水轮机pitturbine竖井联系测量shaftconnectionsurvey竖井排水drainagewell竖井式进水口shaftintake竖轴弧形闸门radialgatewithverticalaxes数字地面模型digitalterrainmodel(DTM)数字化测图digitizedmapping数字通信digitalcommunication数字图像处理digitalimageprocessing数字仪表digitalinstrument甩负荷loaddump(loadrejection,loadshutdown)甩负荷试验loadrejectiontest(loadshutdowntest)双层布置doublestoreylayout双调节调速器dualregulationgovernor双扉闸门doubleleafgate双回线doublecircuitline双击式水轮机crossflowturbine,Bankiturbine双极高压直流系统bipolarHVDCsystem双金属标bimetalbenchmark双列布置doublerowlayout双母线接线doublebusconnection双曲拱坝doublecurvaturearchdam双曲拱渡槽doublecurvaturearchaqueduct双室式调压室doublechambersurgeshaft双吸式离心泵doublesuctionpump双向挡水人字闸门bidirectionalretainingmitregate水泵水泵水轮机的水泵工况的反向最大稳态飞逸转速steadystatereverserunawayspeedofpump水泵比转速specificspeedofpump水泵并联扬程曲线headcurveofparallelpumpingsystem水泵参数与特性Parametersandcharacteristicsofpump水泵串联扬程曲线headcurveofseriespumpingsystem水泵的最大最小输入功率maximumminimuminputpowerofpump水泵电动机机组Motorpumpunit水泵反常运行pumpabnormaloperating水泵工况(抽水工况)pumpoperation水泵工作点(水泵工况点)pumpoperatingpoint水泵供水waterfeedbypump水泵机械效率mechanicalefficiencyofpump水泵机组pumpunit水泵类型Classificationofpumps水泵零部件Componentsofpumps水泵流量pumpdischarge水泵容积效率volumetricefficiencyofpump水泵输出功率outputpowerofpump水泵输入功率(水泵轴功率)inputpowerofpump水泵水力效率hydraulicefficiencyofpump水泵水轮机Pumpturbine水泵无流量输入功率nodischargepowerofpump水泵效率pumpefficiency水泵扬程(水泵总扬程)totalheadofpump水泵站PumpingStation水泵装置pumpsystem水锤(水击)waterhammer水锤泵站hydraulicrampumpstation水锤波(水击波)waveofwaterhammer水锤波波速wavevelocityofwaterhammer水电站HydroelectricStation水电站(水力发电站)Hydroelectricstation(hydroelectricpowerstation)水电站保证出力firmpower,firmoutput水电站厂房(发电厂房)powerhouse水电站厂房的类型Typesofpowerhouseofhydroelectricstation水电站出力poweroutputofhydropowerstation水电站出力和发电量Powerandenergyoutputofhydropowerstation水电站的水头、流量、水位Waterhead,discharge,waterleverofhydropowerstation水电站发电成本generationcostofhydropowerstation水电站发电量energyoutputofhydropowerstation水电站建筑物hydroelectricstationstructure水电站经济指标Economieindexofhydropowerstation水电站类型Typesofhydroelectricstation水电站引用流量quotativedischargeofhydropowerstation水电站装机容量installedcapacityofhydropowerstation水电站自动化automationofhydroelectricstation水跌hydraulicdrop水动力学Hydrodynamics水斗bucket水斗式水轮机(贝尔顿式水轮机)peltonturbine水工建筑物hydraulicstructure水工建筑物的类别及荷载Classificationandloadofhydraulicstructures水工建筑物级别gradeofhydraulicstructure水工金属结构及安装MetalStructuresandTheirInstallation水工隧洞hydraulictunnel水工隧洞Hydraulictunnels水工隧洞构造Componentsofhydraulictunnel水工隧洞类型Classificationofhydraulictunnels水管冷却pipecooling水柜waterpool水环真空泵liquidringpump水灰比watercementratio水窖(旱井)watercallar(drywall)水静力学Hydrostatics水库并联运用operationofparallelconnectedresertvoir水库测量reservoirsurvey水库串联运用operationofserialconnectedreservoirs水库调度reservoiroperation水库调度图graphofreservoiroperation水库回水变动区fluctuatingbackwaterzoneofreservoir水库浸没reservoirimmersion水库控制缓洪controlledfloodretarding水库库底清理cleaningofreservoirzone水库泥沙Reservoirsediment水库泥沙防治Preventionofsediment水库年限ultimatelifeofreservoir水库渗漏reservoirleakage水库水文测验reservoirhydrometry水库塌岸bankruinofreservoir水库特征库容Characteristiccapacityofreservoir水库特征水位Characteristiclevelofreservoir水库泄空排沙sedimentreleasingbyemptyingreservoir水库蓄清排浑clearwaterimpoundingandmuddyflowreleasing水库淹没补偿compensationforreservoirinundation水库淹没处理Treatmentofreservoirinundation水库淹没处理范围treatmentzoneofreservoirinundation水库淹没界线测量reservoirinundationlinesurvey水库淹没区zoneofreservoirinundation水库淹没实物指标materialindexofreservoirinundation水库异重流densitycurrentinreservoir水库异重流排沙sedimentreleasingbydensitycurrent水库诱发地震reservoirinducedearthquake水库淤积Sedimentdepositioninreservoir水库淤积测量reservoiraccretionsurvey水库淤积极限limitstateofsedimentdepositioninreservoir水库淤积平衡比降equilibriumslopeofsedimentdepositioninreservoir水库淤积上延(翘尾巴)upwardextensionofreservoirdeposition水库淤积纵剖面longitudinalprofileofdepositinreservoir水库滞洪排沙floodretardingandsedimentreleasing水库自然滞洪freefloodretarding水冷式空压机watercooledcompressor水力半径hydraulicradius水力冲填hydraulicexcavationandfilling水力冲填坝hydraulicfilldam水力冲洗式沉沙池hydraulicflushingsedimentationbasin水力粗糙度hydraulicroughness水力粗糙区hydraulicroughnessregion水力共振hydraulicresonance水力光滑区hydraulicsmooth水力机械HydraulicMachinery水力机械与电气设备HYDRAULICMACHINERYANDELECTRICEQUIPMENT水力机组hydropowerunit水力机组测试Measurementandtestforhydropowerunit水力机组的安装和试运行Installationandstartingoperationofhydropowerunit水力机组调节系统Regulatingsystemofhydropowerunit水力机组辅助系统Auxiliarysystemforhydropowerunit水力开挖hydraulicexcavation水力坡降(水力比降)hydraulicslope(energygradient)水力破裂法(水力致裂法)hydrofracturingmethod水力侵蚀(水蚀)watererosion水力学Hydraulics水力要素(水力参数)hydraulicelements水力指数hydraulicexponent水力自动闸门hydraulicoperatinggate水力最优断面optimalhydrauliccrosssection水利工程经营管理managementandadministrationofwaterproject水利计算Computationofwaterconservancy水利区划zoningofwaterconservancy水利枢纽hydroproject水利水电工程等别rankofhydroproject水利水电工程规划PLANNINGOFHYDROENGINEERING水利水电工程技术术语标准StandardofTechnicalTermsonHydroengineering水利水电工程勘测SURVEYANDINVESTIGATIONFORHYDROENGINEERING水利水电工程施工CONSTRUCTIONOFHYDRAULICENGINEERING水量分布曲线waterdistributioncurve水流动力轴线(主流线)dynamicaxisofflow水流连续方程continuityequationofflow水流流态Stateofflow水流阻力和能头损失Flowresistanceandheadloss水轮泵站turbinepumpstation水轮发电机Hydraulicgenerator水轮发电机hydraulicturbinedrivensynchronousgenerator(hydrogenerator)水轮发电机组Hydraulicturbinegeneratorunit水轮发电机组hydraulicturbinegeneratorunit水轮机hydraulicturbine,waterturbine水轮机水泵额定流量rateddischargeofturbinepump水轮机安装Installationofhydraulicturbine水轮机安装高程settingofturbine水轮机保证出力guaranteedoutputofturbine水轮机比转速specificspeedofturbine水轮机参数和特性Turbineparametersandturbinecharacteristics水轮机层turbinestorey(turbinefloor)水轮机的机械效率mechanicalefficiencyofturbine水轮机的容积效率volumetricefficiencyofturbine水轮机的水力效率hydraulicefficiencyofturbine水轮机调节系统turbineregulatingsystem水轮机调节系统静特性试验staticcharacteristictestofregulationsystemofhydraulicturbine水轮机调速器turbinegovernor水轮机额定输出功率(水轮机额定出力)ratedoutputofturbine水轮机飞逸转速runawayspeedofturbine水轮机工况(发电工况)turbineoperation水轮机空载流量noloaddischargeofturbine水轮机类型Classificationofturbines水轮机零、部件Componentsofhydraulicturbine水轮机流量turbinedischarge水轮机模型试验modeltestofturbine水轮机磨蚀与振动Erosionandvibrationofhydraulicturbine水轮机气蚀系数cavitationfactorofturbine,cavitationcoefficientofturbine水轮机设计水头designheadofturbine水轮机试运行Testrunofhydraulicturbine水轮机室turbinecasing水轮机输出功率(水轮机出力)turbineoutput水轮机输入功率turbineinputpower水轮机水头(水轮机净水头)turbinenethead水轮机吸出水头损失suctionheadlossofturbine水轮机效率turbineefficiency水轮机压力管道(高压管道)penstock水轮机引水室turbineflume水轮机主轴turbinemainshaft水轮机最大输出功率(水轮机最大出力)maximumoutputofturbine水轮机最高效率maximumefficiencyofturbine水面曲线watersurfaceprofile水面蒸发量evaporationfromwatersurface水能waterpower,hydropower水能计算hydropowercomputation水能开发方式Typesofhydropowerdevelopment水能利用Waterpowerutilization水能利用规划waterpowerutilizationplanning水能资源(水力资源)waterpowerresources,hydropowerresources水泥比表面积specificsurfaceofcement水泥罐cementsilo水泥水化热hydrationheatofcement水泥体积安定性soundnessofcement水平底坡horizontalslope水平地质剖面图geologicalplan水平度levelness水平沟horizontalditches水平阶地horizontalterraces水平位移工作点operativemarkofhorizontaldisplacement水平位移观测horizontaldisplacementobservation水平位移基点datummarkofhorizontaldisplacement水生态学hydrobiology水头waterhead水头损失headloss水头预想出力expectedpower,expectedoutput水土保持soilandwaterconservation水土保持工程措施Soilandwaterconservationworks水土保持规划Planningofsoilandwaterconservation水土保持林业措施Afforestationmeasuresforsoilandwaterconservation水土流失Soilandwaterloss水土流失(土壤侵蚀)soilerosion(soilandwaterloss)水位waterstage(waterlevel)水位、流速、流量Waterstage,flowvelocity,flowdischarge水位传导系数coefficientofwaterlevelconductivity水位调节装置waterlevelregulator水位计waterlevelgauge水位流量关系曲线stagedischargerelationcurve水位信号waterlevelindicatingsignal水位站waterstagegaugingstation水文测验hydrometry水文测站hydrometricalstation水文测站和站网Hydrometricalstationandnetwork水文地质Hydrogeology水文地质基础Basichydrogeology水文地质试验Hydrogeologicaltest水文地质图hydrogeologicalmap水文调查hydrologicalinvestigation水文分析计算Hydrologicalanalysisandcomputation水文观测hydrologicalobservation水文观测Hydrologicalobservationandmeasurement水文过程线hydrograph水文核技术nucleartechnologyinhydrology水文计算Hydrologiccomputation水文计算及水文预报HydrologicalComputationandForecasing水文空间技术spacetechnologyinhydrology水文模型hydrologicalmodel水文年鉴hydrologicalalmanac(hydrologicalyearbook)水文频率曲线hydrologicalfrequencycurve水文手册hydrologicalhandbook水文统计hydrologicalstatistics水文图集hydrologicalatlas水文遥测技术hydrologicaltelemeteringtechnology水文要素hydrologicaldata水文预报Hydrologicalforecast水文站hydrometricalstation水文站网hydrologicalnetwork水文资料整编hydrologicaldataprocessing水系(河系,河网)hydrographicnet(riversystem)水下爆破underwaterblasting水下地形测量undergroundtopographicsurvey水下混凝土浇筑underwaterconcreting水下接地网underwaterearthednetwork水压力hydraulicpressure水跃hydraulicjump水跃长度lengthofhydraulicjump水跃高度heightofhydraulicjump水跃函数hydraulicjumpfunction水跃消能率coefficientofenergydissipationofhydraulicjump水运动学Hydrokinematics水运动学及水动力学Hydrokinematicsandhydrodynamics水闸sluice(barrage)水闸类型Classificationofsluices水闸组成部分Componentsofsluice水质waterquality水质标准waterqualitystandard水质监测站waterqualitymonitoringstation水质评价waterqualityassessment水质污染Waterqualitypollution水质预报waterqualityforecast水中起动startinginwater水中起动力矩startingtorqueinwater水柱watercolumn水坠坝sluicingsiltationearthdam水准测量leveling水准点benchmark水准路线levelingline水准器分划值(水准器角值水准器格值)scalevalueoflevel水准网平差adjustmentoflevelingnetwork水准仪(水平仪)level水准仪与经纬仪Levelandtheodolite水资源waterresources水资源规划waterresourcesplanning水资源开发利用Developmentandutilizationofwaterresources水资源开发利用waterresourcesdevelopment税金tax顺坝longitudinaldike(trainingdike)顺坡(正坡)positiveslope顺行波advancingdownstreamwave顺序控制系统sequentialcontrolsystem顺直型河流straightriver瞬动电流instantaneousactingcurrent瞬发雷管(即发雷管)instantaneousblastingcap瞬时沉降(弹性沉降,初始沉降,形变沉降)initialsettlement瞬时单位线instantaneousunithydrograph瞬时电流速断保护(无时限电流速断保护)instantaneousovercurrentcutoffprotection瞬时流速instantaneousvelocity瞬态法finiteincrementmethod死库容(垫底库容)deadstorage死区deadband死水位minimumpoollevel(deadwaterlevel)松动爆破looseningblasting(crumblingblasting)松方loosemeasure松散系数bulkfactor素混凝土(无筋混凝土)plainconcrete素图simplemap速动时间常数promptitudetimeconstant速度环量velocitycirculation速度三角形velocitytriangle速凝(瞬时凝结)quickset(flashset)速凝剂accelerator塑料导爆管(传爆管)plasticprimacordtube塑限(塑性限度,塑性界限含水量)plasticlimit塑性铰plastichinge塑性指数plasticityindex溯源冲刷淤积backwarderosiondeposition算术平均粒径arithmeticmeandiameter算术平均水头arithmeticaveragehead算术平均效率arithmeticaverageefficiency随动系统servosystem随动系统不准确度inaccuracyofservosystem随机波randomwave随机性水文模型(非确定性水文模型)stochastichydrologicalmodel碎部点(地形特征点)detailpoint碎裂结构clasticstructure碎屑结构clastictexture隧洞衬砌tunnellining隧洞导流tunneldiversion隧洞渐变段tunneltransitionsection隧洞开挖tunnelexcavation隧洞排水tunneldrainage隧洞钻孔爆破法(隧洞钻爆法)drillblasttunnelingmethod损失容积(死容积)lostvolume缩限(收缩界限)shrinkagelimit锁坝closuredike锁定装置dogdevice(latchdevice,gatelockdevice)锁锭装置lockingdevice(checkingdevice)它励(它激)separateexcitation塔式进水口towerintake踏面rollingface台车式启闭机platformhoist台阶结构面stepstructuralplane台阶掘进法headingandbenchmethod坍落度slump坍落拱collapsearch探槽exploratorytrench探洞exploratoryadit探井exploratoryshaft探坑exploratorypit碳素钢(碳钢)carbonsteel塘堰pond掏槽孔(掏槽眼)cuthole套管casingpipe套闸(双埝船闸)doubledikelock特大暴雨extraordinaryrainstorm特大洪水extraordinaryflood特高压(特高电压)ultrahighvoltage(UHV)特类钢(C类钢)typeCsteel特殊地区施工增加费additionalcostforspecialcondition特殊荷载specialload(unusualload)特殊荷载组合specialloadcombination特性和参数Characteristicsandparameters特性阻抗(波阻抗)characteristicimpedance(waveimpedance)特征线法characteristicsmethod特征斜率characteristicslope梯段爆破benchblasting梯级水电站cascadehydroelectricstation梯形堰trapezoidalweir锑恩锑(三硝基甲苯)TNT(trinitrotoluene)提升式升船机liftingtypeshiplift提水灌溉pumpingirrigation提水排水pumpingdrainage体积模量bulkmodulus体积压缩系数coefficientofvolumecompressibility天然骨料naturalaggregate天然密度(天然容重)naturaldensity(naturalunitweight)天文潮astronomicaltide田间持水量fieldcapacity田间工程farmlandworks田间排水沟(墒沟)fieldditch田间排水试验experimentforfarmlanddrainage田间渠系farmcanalsystem田间水利用系数waterefficiencyinfield田间需水量(田间耗水量)waterconsumptiononfarmland填埋式管(上埋式管)buriedpipeline填石笼gabion填筑filling填筑含水量placementwatercontent(placementmoisturecontent)挑坎(挑流鼻坎)flipbucket

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