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Phenomenology and Mind

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简介:本文档为《Phenomenology and Mindpdf》,可适用于人文社科领域,主题内容包含PhenomenologyandmindPhenomenologymindandTheOnlineJOurnalOfTheresearchcenTr符等。

PhenomenologyandmindPhenomenologymindandTheOnlineJOurnalOfTheresearchcenTreinPhenOmenOlOgyandsciencesOfThePersOnISSNEditorrobertademonticelliViceEditorstefanocardiniManagingEditorfrancescadeVecchiEditorialBoardfrancescaBoccuni,stefanocardini,robertademonticelli,francescadeVecchi,francescaforlé,serenarizzello,sarahsonghorianGraphicDesigndondinaeassociatiGraphicLayoutlikecubesncSegreteriaIUSSPressrobertalucentininThePlaceofValuesinaworldofnormseditedbyfrancescaforlèandsarahsonghorianregistrazionedelTribunalediPavia,ndelISSN(print)ISSN(online)TheOnlineJOurnalOfTheresearchcenTreinPhenOmenOlOgyandsciencesOfThePersOnResearchCenterinPhenomenologyandSciencesofthePersonSCIENTIFICBOARDPhenomenologyandCognitiveNeurosciencesstefanocappa(universitàVitasalutesanraffaele,milano)micheledifrancesco(universitàVitasalutesanraffaele,milano)shaungallagher(universityofmemphis,universityofcentralflorida,Københavnsuniversitet,universityofhertfordshire)Vittoriogallese(universitàdeglistudidiParma)andreamoro(instituteforadvancedstudyiuss,Pavia)michaelPauen(BerlinschoolofmindandBrain,humboldtuniversität)JeanlucPetit(universitédestrasbourg,laboratoiredePhysiologiedelaPerceptionetdel’action,collègedefrance,Paris)corradosinigaglia(universitàdeglistudidimilano)claudiode’sperati(universitàVitasalutesanraffaele,milano)danZahavi(institutformedier,erkendelseogformidling,Københavnsuniversitet)PhenomenologyandRegionalOntologiesontologyandlanguagelynneBaker(universityofmassachusetts,amherst)JocelynBenoist(universitédeParissorbonne)elisabettasacchi(universitàVitasalutesanraffaele,milano)ontologyandreligiousstudiesPaolocosta(fondazioneBrunoKessler,Trento)giuseppedisalvatore(fondazionecampostrini,Verona)socialontologyfrancescadeVecchi(universitàVitasalutesanraffaele,milano)maurizioferraris(universitàdeglistudidiTorino)lorenzoPasserini(universitàdimilanoBicocca)WojciechŻełaniec(UniwersytetGdański,UniversitàdegliStudidiCagliari)Phenomenology,NormsandValuesamedeogconte(universitàdiPavia)PhenomenologyandmindpracticesdoubleblindrefereeingandpublishesinenglishCOPYRIGHTallrights,includingtranslation,reservedexceptforfaircopying,nopartofthispublicationmaybereproduced,storedinaretrievalsystem,ortrasmitted,inanyformorbyanymeanselectronic,mechanical,photocopying,recordingorotherwise,withoutthepriorwrittenpermissionofthepublishers,orinthecaseofreprographicreproductioninaccordancewiththeitalianlawoncopyrightfortheonlineversion,thecopyrightisguaranteedbycreativecommonslicensesmariodecaro(universitàdeglistudiromaTre)Paolodilucia(universitàdeglistudidimilano)giuseppelorini(universitàdeglistudidicagliari)Verenamayer(ludwigmaximilianuniversitätmünchen)stefanorodotà(universitàdeglistudidiroma“lasapienza”)massimoreichlin(universitàVitasalutesanraffaele,milano)robertasala(universitàVitasalutesanraffaele,milano)PhenomenologyandTheoriesofExperiencestefanoBesoli(universitàdiBologna)Vincenzocosta(universitàdeglistudidelmolise)guidocusinato(universitàdeglistudidiVerona,maxschelergesellschaft)eliofranzini(universitàdeglistudidimilano)dieterlöhmar(universitätzuKöln)Paolospinicci(universitàdeglistudidimilano)PhenomenologyandEducationmassimilianoTarozzi(universitàdeglistudidiTrento)Vannaiori(universitàcattolicasacrocuore,Piacenza)danieleBruzzone(universitàcattolicasacrocuore,Piacenza)INTERNATIONALREVIEWERSOFTHISISSUErobertademonticelli(universitàVitasalutesanraffaele,milano)francescadeVecchi(universitàVitasalutesanraffaele,milano)giuseppelorini(universitàdeglistudidicagliari)Verenamayer(ludwigmaximilianuniversitätmünchen)lorenzoPasserini(universitàdimilanoBicocca)massimoreichlin(universitàVitasalutesanraffaele,milano)massimilianoTarozzi(universitàdeglistudidiTrento)WojciechŻełaniec(UniwersytetGdański,UniversitàdegliStudidiCagliari)andreaZhok(universitàdeglistudidimilano)ContentsINTRODUCTIONRepRINTSeleCTIONfROmWOlfgaNgKöhleRFrancescaForlè,SarahSonghorian(UniversitàVitaSaluteSanRaffaele)IntroductionWolfgangKöhlerAnanalysisofRequiredness(withanIntroductionbyRobertaDeMonticelli)FrancescaForlè(UniversitàVitaSaluteSanRaffaele),DanielaPerani(UniversitàVitaSaluteSanRaffaele,SanRaffaeleScientificInstitute)emotionsinMusicAnoverviewofMusicalexpressiveQualitiesLuiginaMortari,FedericaValbusa(UniversitàdegliStudidiVerona)AffectiveResponsesandPersonalFlourishingRobertaGuccinelli(MemberoftheMaxSchelerGesellschaft)WhentheFacts“CallDownVengeance”FeelingofRevenge,sensibiilitytoInjusticesand(AHintAt)RetributiveJusticeinscheler’sFormalismusAndreaZhok(UniversitàdegliStudidiMilano)onscheler’sMetaphysicsofLove:anAppraisalAnnaPiazza(UniversitätErfurt)scheler’sFoundationofethicsSeSSIONeMotIonsContentsSeSSIONnoRMsPaolaPremoliDeMarchi(UniversitàdegliStudidiPadova)normswithoutValuesPhilosophicalReflectionsonCarlschmitt’sTyrannyofValuesDavideFassio(UniversityOfGeneva)HowtoDistinguishnormsfromValuesOlimpiaGLoddo(UniversitàdegliStudidiCagliari)RulesofDistributionandtheConceptof“egalitarianism”inFelixoppenheimtowardsUnderstandingDistributionEssienDEssien(UniversityofUyo)theHiddenDimensionofsocialnormsinIbibio:tritangentialtrajectoryofIbibioIndigenousKnowledgeonMoralitySeSSIONVALUesRobertaDeMonticelli(UniversitàVitaSaluteSanRaffaele)RequirednessAnArgumentforValueRealismVenieroVenier(UniversitàdegliStudidiUdine)GoverningemotionsHusserlandPersonalVocationVirginiaSanchini(IEOIstitutoEuropeodiOncologiaUniversitàStatalediMilano)notKantvsscheler,buteitherKantorschelerFromConstructiontoFoundationofethicsJEdwardHackett(UniversityofAkron)theCaseforParticipatoryRealisminscheler’sethicsSusiFerrarello(LoyolaUniversityChicago)Values,normativityandFactsContentsBOOKReVIeWSJonathanBazzi(UniversitàVitaSaluteSanRaffaele)PreservetheLightthatenlightens:AnewItaliantranslationforscheler'sFormalismBarbaraMalvestiti(UniversitàdegliStudidiMilano)Anethicsofthe“Individualessence”AReviewaboutthenewItaliantranslationofscheler’s“Formalism”FrancescaForlè,SarahSonghorian(UniversitàVitaSaluteSanRaffaele)FormalisminEthicsandNonformalEthicsofValuesANewAttemptTowardtheFoundationofanEthicalPersonalismthenewItaliantranslationbyRobertaGuccinelliINTRODUCTIONIntRoDUCtIonFrancescaForlè,SarahSonghorian(UniversitàVitaSaluteSanRaffaele)IntroductionIntRoDUCtIonfrancescaforlÈuniversitàVitasalutesanraffaelefrancescaforlehotmailitsarahsonghorianuniversitàVitasalutesanraffaelessonghoriangmailcomINTRODUCTIONThepaperscollectedinthisnumberofPhenomenologyandmindaimatanalyzingmaxscheler’sworkandunderstandingtowhatextenthisreflectioncanbeusefultocurrentdebates–inparticularasfarasvalues,emotions,andnormsareconcernedMaxFerdinandScheler(Munich,Frankfurt,)wasoneofthemostprolificGermanintellectualsofhistimeandapioneerinphenomenologyThefirstencounterwithphenomenologyhappenedin,whenschelermetedmundhusserlinmunich,wherehecamebackinafterhecompletedhisstudiesinBerlinandJena,heestablished,togetherwithTheodorlipps,thecircleofthe“munichPhenomenologists”someofthemembersofthisgroupwere:maximillianBeck,Theodorconrad,moritzgeiger,dietrichvonhildebrand,herbertleyendecker,hedwigmartius,andalexanderPfänderHisthinkingtouchesonahugevarietyofareasbothwithinphilosophyandinotherrelatedfieldsanditgivesrisetoavarietyofquestionsthathavebeenandarestillcentralindifferentdomainsasthestanfordencyclopediaofPhilosophy,rightlynotices:apioneerinthedevelopmentofphenomenologyintheearlypartofthethcentury,schelerbrokenewgroundinmanyareasofphilosophyandestablishedhimselfasperhapsthemostcreativeoftheearlyphenomenologistsrelativetotheattentionhisworkreceivedandtheattentionhiscontemporariesnowenjoy,interestinscheler’sworkandthoughtwanedconsiderablyThisdecreaseinattentionisinpartduetothesuppressionofScheler’sworkbytheNazisfrom–,asuppressionstemmingfromhisJewishheritageandoutspokendenunciationoffascismandnationalsocialismnevertheless,hisworkhassurvivedandcontinuestobereadandtranslatedthroughouttheworld,servingasevidenceofthecreativedepthandrichnessofhisthought(davis,andsteinbock)indecidingwhichdomainswithinhisextensiveworkwewantedtofocuson,wewereenlightenedbyZahavi’sreflections(Zahavi)scheler’sstrengthasaphenomenologicalthinkerisundoubtedlytobefoundinhisconcreteanalyses–inparticularinhisanalysesofemotionallifeandsociality(Zahavi,p)FRAnCesCAFoRLè,sARAHsonGHoRIAnTakingseriouslythisinsight,wefocusedonthreeparticularaspectsofhisthoughtweneverthoughtofthemasbeingexhaustiveasfarasscheler’sworkisconcerned,butwethoughttheymightbeparticularlyinterestingbothbecauseofscheler’scontributionperseandbecauseofhispossiblerelevanceincontemporarydebatesThethreedomainswewantedtofocusonare:emotions,values,andnormsaccordingtothisdistinction,weinvitedourcontributorstofocusononeofthesedomainsBut,beforeenteringintothedetailsaboutthesectionsofthisnumber,wewouldliketospendafewwordsaboutthegreatopportunitywehadtoreprintpartofthethirdchapterofwolfgangKöhler’sananalysisofrequiredness,whoalsoprovidedtheideaforthetitleofthepresentnumberofPhenomenologyandmindThepermissionwasgrantedbywwnorton,thatholdsthecopyrighttothetitle(copyright:,liverightPublishingcorporation)wewouldliketothankinparticularemmafBerryandelisabethKerrfortheirkindnessandhelpfulnessTheselection,whichisparticularlyrelevantforthetopicofthepresentissue,isintroducedbyrobertademonticelli’swordsAswehavementioned,thefirstsectionofthepresentnumberofPhenomenologyandmindconcernsemotionsourinterestwasontheessentialpropertiesofemotionsandontheirroleinourinteractionwithothersinasocialcontextOurfirstinvitedcontributionisbyAndreaZhok(UniversityofMilan)InhisOnscheler’smetaphysicsoflove:anappraisalandreaZhokrecollectssomeofscheler’smainargumentsconcerningthestatusof“affectivelife”andtriesasympatheticappraisalofthebearingofthesethesesafterresumingscheler’sassessmentofloveandshowingitsconceptualconnectionswithintentionality,spiritualvaluesandsensuouscorporeality,andreaZhoksketchesanaccountoftheontologicalandaxiologicalroleofloveloveturnsouttobeinterpretableasapervasivedrivethatshapesbothnaturalandculturalhistory,whilehistory,initsmostcomprehensivesense,isnotviewedeitherassheercontingencyorasteleology,butratherasanexploratorycosmologicalventureTheaimofoursecondinvitedpaperbyfrancescaforlè(Vitasalutesanraffaeleuniversity,milan)anddanielaPerani(Vitasalutesanraffaeleuniversity,nuclearmedicinedepartmentanddivisionofNeuroscienceSanRaffaeleScientificInstitute,Milan)intheiremotionsinmusicanOverviewofmusicalexpressiveQualitiesistwofoldontheonehand,theauthorsdescribetheemotionalandaffectivepowerofmusicbymeansoftheanalysisofmusicexpressivequalitiestertiaryqualitiesorvaluequalitiesthatemergefromthestructureofthemusicalobjectsontheother,theyfocusonrhythmasoneofthe“corecontributors”formusicexpressiveness,givingalsoaphenomenologicalaccountofrhythmicperceptionrobertaguccinelli(memberofthemaxschelergesellschaft,italiantranslatorofscheler’sformalisminethicsandnonformalethicsofValues:anewattemptTowardthefoundationofanethicalPersonalism),inherWhenthefacts“calldownVengeance”feelingofrevenge,sensibilitytoinjusticeand(ahintat)retributiveJusticeinscheler’sFormalism,aimsatprovidinganelucidationofwhat,atfirstsight,appearsasaspecificandnegativeaffectivephenomenon,namelythatofrevenge,which,althoughitssinisterpopularity,constantlyriskstobemuddledwithasimplestateofexcitementdeprivedofintentionalityorwithakindof“justicewithoutjustice”Theunderstandingofthenatureofrevengeandofimpulseofrevengeallowstoenlightenapeculiarfeeling’sclass,towhichrevengeinacertainsensebelongsto,andtoinvestigatethemeaningandthesenseofscheler’sambiguousterm“Vergeltung”,inordertoattributetoretributivemodelofjustice,byacomparisonwithrevenge,itscorrectroleandplaceintheworldINTRODUCTIONofScheler’sTheauthor’sbackideaistheoneaccordingtowhichrefiningsensibilitytoinjusticescancontributetoaprimaryformofidentity,namelythatofourlivingbodyThefirstofourcontributor’spapersforthisfirstsection,byluiginamortani(universityofVerona)andfedericaValbusa(universityofVerona),focusesonaparticularrolethatemotionscanplayintheiraffectiveresponsesandPersonalflourishing,theyanalyzetheconnectionbetweenpersonalflourishingandaffectivestatesInparticular,thepaperreconstructs,developsanddiscussesscheler’sBildungtheorytohighlightitsrelevanceforeducationalphilosophyTheauthorspointoutthatapersonalityflourishesthroughaprocessofprogressiveindividuationwhichismodulatedbyaffectivematurationandpromotedbytheencounterwithanexemplarityfinally,annaPiazza(universitäterfurt,maXweBerKollegfürKulturundsozialwissenschaftlichestudien),inherscheler’sfoundationofethics,dealswithscheler’semotionalethicsanditsrelationshipwithapossibleontologicalfoundationTheauthoraddressesthethemeofvaluesandacts,askingwhethertheyarerootedinbeingorwhethertheypossesstheirstatusautonomously,andwheretheyobtaintheirlegalityandconsistencyfromThislastcontributionintroducesthethemeofvalues–asitisconnectedwiththatofemotionsleadingustothethemeofoursecondsectioninthesecondsection,aswehavementioned,ourinterestwasthatofunderstandingwhatarevaluesinScheler’sworkandhowhisreflectionscanimprovecontemporarydebatesaboutthemWealsowantedourcontributorstoelaborateontheexistenceofanorderofvalues,onitspossibleobjectivity,andontheroleofthisorderofvaluesfortheconstitutionofapersonalethosfinally,wewereparticularlyinterestedinunderstandingwhatcanbedrawnfromscheler’sworksontherelationshipbetween“values”and“facts”,andwhetherhisValueTheorycanbeconceivedofasareformulationoftheisoughtquestionrobertademonticelli(Vitasalutesanraffaeleuniversity,milan),inherrequirednessanargumentforvaluerealism,addressestheproblemoftheontologicalstatusofvaluesourinvitedauthordefendsseveralargumentsinfavourofAxiologicalRealism,aspecificversionofthethesisabouttheobjectivityofvaluesrobertademonticelli’saimisthatofansweringthequestionposedbywolfgangKöhlerinthebookfromwhichweextractedtheparagraphspublishedinthisvolume,sothatthispaperprovidesalsoatheoreticalreflectionstemmingfromthosepagesSo,whatisAnanalysisofRequirednessTheargumentsproposedarebasedonaprincipleofnonreducibilityofintegralwholestosums,asinformallydevelopedbygestalttheorists,systematicallyworkedoutbyhusserlinhisiiilogicalinvestigationonwholesandparts,andexploitedbymaxscheler’stheoryofmaterialandaxiologicalaprioriThesecondinvitedpaperofthissectionisbyVenieroVenier(udineuniversity)ingoverningemotionshusserlandPersonalVocation,theauthordealswithhusserlcentralquestionaboutthecreationofapersonalorder,relatedtovaluesandtheircognitionanorderinwhichthefundamentalstructureoftheactualideaofapersonisrevealed:thatofbeingtheessentialtiebetweenfeeling,motivationofvolitionandlogicalargumentativecoherenceThisvalueisfeltemotionallybutthetrueunderstandingofthevalueonlyoccursinrationalchoice,whenfeelingisconcretelytranslatedintovalueOurfirstcontributorinthissectionisVirginiasanchini(folsaTec,departmentofexperimentaloncology,europeaninstituteofoncology(ieo),italydepartmentofhealthsciences,universityofmilan,italyeuropeanschoolofmolecularmedicine(semm))withherpaper:notKantvsscheler,buteitherKantorschelerfromconstructiontofoundationofethicsintheauthor’sview,scheler’smoraltheoryisoftenpresentedasacriticalreactiontoKantianformalismThemajorityofcontributionsonthistopicdealswithscheler’sproposalofanapriorimaterialethicsincontrastwiththeaprioriformalethicsdevelopedbyKant,orwiththecriticalanalysisoftheeightprejudicesascribedbyschelertoKantaveryfewofthem,however,exploretheirrespectivefoundationalattemptstoseewhysuchaconflictactuallyarisesThepaperaddressesthefoundationalissueItwillbeshownthatthedisagreementbetweenthetwoauthorsshouldnotbeascribedtoarealincompatibility,butrathertoadifferentwayofconceivingwhatthefoundationofethicsactuallyisJamesedwardhackett(universityofakron,akron,ohio),inhisThecaseforParticipatoryrealisminscheler’sethics,believes,followingPhilBlosser,thatthemajordefectofscheler’sphilosophyofvaluesliesinthefactofnotbeingclearaboutvalues’ontologicalstatusinhispaper,theauthorarguesthatbeinganact(aktsein)providesuswithinsightintoscheler’svalueontologyThethesisrestsontwofundamentalpremises:showinghowscheler’sphenomenologyopensupintoontology,andhowbeinganactisunderstoodwiththatopeninginmindinscheler’sidealismandrealismessaysusiferrarello(loyolauniversity,chicagosaybrookuniversity,sanfrancisco)hasthreegoalsinherValues,normativityandfacts:firstly,todescribetherelationbetweenvalues,norms,andfactssecondly,toconsiderwhethernormsareaconstituentpartoftheessenceofvaluesand,finally,todefinetheboundariesofaxiologyToreachthesegoalstheauthorpresentsanhistoricalphenomenologicalreconstructionoftherelationshipbetweenvalues,normsandfactsAsithashappenedforthelastcontributionofthefirstsection,thislastcontributionissomehowabridgefromthesecondtothethirdsectionofourvolume,asitintroducesanddebatestheconnectionbetweenvalues

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