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首页 (英文原版)-诗人庞德与詹姆斯·乔伊斯的通信集

(英文原版)-诗人庞德与詹姆斯·乔伊斯的通信集

(英文原版)-诗人庞德与詹姆斯·乔伊斯的通信集

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2010-02-17 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《(英文原版)-诗人庞德与詹姆斯·乔伊斯的通信集pdf》,可适用于人文社科领域

)POUNDJOYCETheLettersofEzraPoundtoJamesJoyce,withPound'sEssaysonJoyceEditedandwithCommentarybyForrestReadANEWDIRECTIONSBOOKCopyright©,,byEzraPoundIntroductionandcommentarycopyright©byForrestReadFromTheLettersofEzraPound)editedbyDDPaige,copyright,,byHarcourt,BraceandWorld,Inc,andreprintedwiththeirpermissionFromTheLettersofJamesJoyceEditedbyStuartGilbertCopyright©byTheVikingPress,IncFromTheLettersofJamesJoyce,Volu'mesIIandIIIEditedbyRichardEHmannCopyright©byFLionelMonro,asAdministratoroftheEstateofJamesJoyceReprintedbypermissionofTheVikingPress,IncFromFinnegansWake,CopyrightbyJamesJoyce,andExiles,CopyrightbyBWHuebsch,Inc,byNoraJoyceReprintedbypermissionofTheVikingPress,IncFromUlysses,byJamesJoyceCopyright,,byMargaretCarolineAndersonCopyright,,byTheModernLibrary,IncCopyright,,,byNoraJosephJoyceReprintedbypermissionofRandomHouse,IncFromJame~Joyce,byHerbertGormanCopyright,,byHerbertGormanReprintedwithpermissionofHolt,RinehartandWinston,IncLettersofWilliamButlerYeatsCopyrightMissAnneYeatsandMichaelButlerYeats,LetterfromHGWellsCopyrightGeorgePhilipandRichardFrancisWells,LibraryofCongresscatalogcardnumber:AllrightsreservedExceptforbriefpassagesquotedinanewspaper,magazine,radio,ortelevisionreview,nopartofthisbookmaybereproducedinanyformorbyanymeans,electronicormechanical,includingphotocopyingandrecording,orbyanyinformationstorageandretrievalsystem,withoutpermissioninwritingfromthePublisherManufacturedintheUnitedStatesofAmerica,NewDirectionsBooksarepublishedforJamesLaughlinbyNewDirectionsPublishingCorporation,SixthAvenue,NewYorkFirstPrintingCONTENTSIntroduction:LettersandCommentaryEssays:"ACuriousHistory,""DublinersandfrJamesJoyce,"from"TheNonExistenceofIreland,""MrJamesJoyceandtheModernStage,""Meditatio,""JamesJoyce:AtLasttheNovelAppears,""JamesJoyeeandHisCritics:SomeClassifiedComments,""Joyce,""Ulysses'"ASeriousPlay,":LettersandCommentary:LettersandCommentaryEssays:"ParisLetter:Ulysses,""JamesJoyceetPecuchet,""LePrixNobel,":LettersandCommentary:LettersandCommentaryEssays:from"AfterElection,""PastHistory,""Monumental,":CommentaryBroadcast:"JamesJoyce:toHisMemory,"vAppendixA:LettersonLustra,toElkinMathews,AppendixB:CorrespondencebetweenJohnQuinnandEByrneHackett,AppendixC:Pound'sdeletionsfromUlysses,"Calypso"episode,IndexVIIntroductionDuringthewinterofEzraPoundwasinSussexwithWilliamButlerYeats,actingastheelderpoet'ssecretaryTemporarilyfreeoftherushofLondon,eachwasassessingtheother'sworkandbothwerelayingoutnewdirectionsWhenPoundhadalmostcompletedananthologyofnewpoets,theImagists,heaskedYeatsiftherewasanyonehehadforgottentoincludeYeatsr~calledayoungIrishwriternamedJamesJoycewhohadwrittensomepolishedlyricpoemsOneofthemhadstuckinYeats'smindJoycewaslivinginTriesteWhynotwritetohimPoundwroteatonceHeexplainedhisliteraryconnectionsandofferedhelpingettingJoycepublishedAfewdayslater'Yeatsfound"IHearanArmyChargingupontheLand"andPoundwroteagaintoaskifhecoulduseitJoyce,whohadbeenonthecontinentfornearlytenyears,cutoff'fromhisnationandhislanguageandsofarallbutunpublished,wassurprisedandencouragedHegavePoundpermissiontousethepoemandafewdayslatersentatypescriptofhisbookofshortstoriesDublinersandachapterofanewnovelcalledAPortraitoftheArtistasaYoungMIYn,alongwithnewsthathewouldsoonhaveaplayreadyAprolongedcorrespondencebegan,whichgrewintoalongstandingfriendshipBecauseofWorldWarIthetwoinventorsofmodernfictionandpoetrydidnotmeetuntilJune,whenPoundpersuadedJoycetocometoSirmione,Catullus'sresortonLagodiGardaButbetweenandaconstantstreamoflettersflowedbetweenLondonandTrieste,LondonandZurichPoundtransmittedhisspontaneousreactionsastypescriptsofDubliners,APortrait,Exiles,andUlyssesarrived,thensentthechaptersontothemagazinesofwhichhewasacorrespondentoreditorAsthebooksappearedhecrystallizedhisinsightsinaseriesofreviewsandessays,thefirstsustainedcriticismorJoyce'sworkPound'seffortsandessaysslowlycreatedanaudienceandputJoyceacrossPound'sstruggletogetintoprint"themenof,"asWyndhamLewiscalledPound,Joyce,Eliot,andhimself,iswellknownHeisthecolorfulfigurewhoenlivenedliteraryLondonandParis,thenchampionedlesjeunesfromRapallo"ThePoundquestion"presentshimasthetirelessadvocateofeconomicdoctrine,Confucianism,andfascistpoliticalideas,anAmericanpariahwhospentthirteenyearsconfinedinWashingtonunderindictmentfortreasonButrelativelylittleattentionhasbeengiventotheextentofhisrelationswithJoyce,especiallyduringandjustaftertheFirstWorldWarwhenmodernliteraturetookitsshapeForonething,thelettersdidnotcometolightuntiltheCornellUniversityLibraryboughtStanislausJoyce'spapersinPoundwrotenearlyeightyletterstoJoycebetweenand,sixtytwoofwhichhavesurvived(mostofJoyce'sletterstoPoundhewrotesomesixtyduringthatperiodhaveapparentlybeenlost)HewrotenumerousessaysandarticlesonJoyce'swork,someofwhichhaveneverbeenreprintedandothersofwhichareoutofprintSincethetwo''~TitersweretogetherinParisoffandonfromtotheydidnotcorrespond,andafterPoundmovedtoRapallolateinbothcorrespondenceandmeetingsbecameinfrequent,partlybecauseofPound'sindifferencetotheextravagancesofFinnegansWakeNeverthelesstheirfriendshipcontinuedandeachremainedawareoftheotherandhisworkJoycememorializedtheirassociationfulsomelyinFinnegansWakePoundcontinuedhisconsiderationofJoyceinhiscriticalwritingsandhispoetryhisbestmemorieswerespokenoverRomeRadioin,afterJoycehaddiedandasecondwarhadbegun,andinThePisanCantosThepresentvolumegatherstogetherallofPound'ssurvivinglettersto'Joyce,mostofwhicharepublishedforthefirsttime,allofhisessaysandarticlesonJoyce'swork,hisradiobroadcast,variousanecdotesofthetime,andanumberofmiscellaneouspiecesandextractsWhenPounddiscoveredhimJoycewasattheendofhistetherBeforeheleftIrelandforgoodinhehadpublishedinDublinandLondononlysomeessaysandbookreviewsandafewpoemsandstoriesSincethenhehadlivedinPola,Rome,andTrieste,workingasalanguageteacherandabankclerkInChamberMusic,broughtoutbyElkinMathews,whowassoontobecomePound'spublisher,receivedsomeslightnoticeSincehehadbeentryingtogetDublinerspublished,butanexasperatingseriesofeffortshadresultedonlyinunfulfi~ledcontracts,brokenplates,andaburnededitionHehadalsobeenturninghisfalsestart,StephenHero,begunin,intoanewkindofnovelButthefrustrationoftryingtopublishhisbookofstoriesunexpurgatedcontinuedtoranklehewaswritingdesultorily,histimeeatenintobyEnglishIJlanguagelessons,bytheaddedresponsibilityoftwochildren,andbyperiodsofdiscouragementSometimeshisplightcasthimintodespair,sometimesitamusedhimHewrotetoNora'suncleMichaelHealyonNovember,:TodayisthefeastofSJustinMartyr,patronofTrieste,andIshallperhapseatacheapsmallpuddingsomewhereinhishonourforthemanyyearsIlivedinhiscityAsforthefutureitisuselesstospeculateIfIcouldfindoutinthemeantimewhoisthepatronofmenoflettersIshouldtrytoremindhimthatIexist:butIunderstandthatthelastsaintwhoheldthatpositionresignedindespairandnootherwilltaketheportfolio'JoycedidnotknowthehandshewasalreadyinAlreadyPoundwaswhatHoraceGregorylatercalled"theministerwithoutportfolioofthearts"PoundhadarrivedinLondoninasamoderntroubadourwithhisfirstvolumeofpoe~s,printedinVenicelinhispocketWithinfiveyearshehadmetmostoftheimportantartistsinLondon,youngandold,andhadpublishedfivebooksofverseandnumeroustranslationsAtfirsthehadseemedtobetrying,asYeatssaid,toprovideaportablesubstitutefortheBritishMuseumInandhelecturedonmedievalliteratureandexpandedhislecturesintoTheSpiritofRomance,"AnAttempttoDefineSomewhattheCharmofthePreRenaissanceLiteratureofLatinEurope"ButTheSpiritofRomancewaspartofthe"background"or"history"ofamodernepicpoemhewasalreadypreparingtowriteByhewascallinghispoetry"myhistoryofthewaild"and"amoreorlessproportionalpresentationoflife"HehaddeterminedtoCOTI:£latetheEuropeanismofDanteandthenativeAmericanstrainofWhitman,hadoutlinedtherequirementsforan"EpicoftheWest,"andhadbeguntoconceivehislifeasamodernOdysseanadventureandasubjectforepicpoetryCertaintyabouthispurposeandhisdirectiongrewoutofhisreturntoAmericaforaprolongedvisitduringandExcitedbythepossibilitiesofanewRenaissancethatwouldgrowfromamergingofAmericanand~ropeancultures,hereturnedtoLondoninandlaunchedhimselfonhismainworktopromotesuchaRejllfissanceHewasdrawingonhisAmericanvitalityandonhisstudlibofmedievalandRenaissanceliterature,hisaimsharpenedbyFordMadoxFord'simpressionism,especiallyhisurgmgLettersofJamesJoyce,I,pageaboutFlaubert's'fwtjusteandaboutlivecontemporaryspeech,andbyideascurrentinthegrouparoundTEHulme,the"SchoolofImages"ofInand,inthedoublemanifesto"IGathertheLimbsofOsiris"and"PatriaMia"(theresultofhistriptoAmerica),writtenforAROrage'sGuildSocialistweeklyTheXewAge,hepropoundedthemotivesandmethodsofTheCantosandprobablybegandraftingthefirstversionsIntooheformulatedtheImagistIUanifesto,becameforeigneditorofHarrietMonroe'snewnagrne~'~oeTyofChicago,andembarkedonhiseV,"'lgeli(,alstrllggletoreformEnglishpoetryAtthesametimehesuddenlybegantomodernizehisownversewiththepoemsofRipostesandLustra,extendingImagismtoanurbanimpressionismmodeledontheformsandmethodsoftheRomanpoetsoftheAugustanAgeStirredbythesenewimpulsesandencouragedbyhissuccessesinAmerica,hewasmovingtowardthecenteroftheLondonsceneasaleaderoftheavantgardeWhenhewrotetoJoyceinhehadrecentlygainedaplaceinTheNewFreewoman,soontobecomethebetter·knownEgoist,andhadjustpublishedhisimpor·tant"TheSeriousArtist"HewasabouttohelpprepareBlast,thefamousoutburstagainstsedateGeorgianLondonPoundwasbecomingwhatWyndhamLewiscalleda"Demonpantechnicondriver,busywithmovingofoldworldintonewquarters,"akindofmovingvanorstoragewarehousewhocarriedotherpeople'sfurnitureinhiseditingandinhiswritingHewasalsobecoming(intheliteralsenseofpantechnicon)an"expert,"majororminor,inabewilderingnumberoftechnicsAsifpoetry,literarycriticism,journalism,editing,impresarioship,scholarship,andpolemicswerenotenough,hewasdiscoveringnewmusic,newpainting,andnewsculpture,andestablishingareputationforcooking,carpentry,andtennis"Inthemidstofmanycontrivings,"alreadyasmanyfacetedandinventiveasthe"factivepersonality"ofhisCantos,PoundtheOdysseanimpresariowouldhaveearnedtheadmirationandenvyofLeopoldBloomhimselfHegaveJoycepracticalhelpanden·couragementwhenhemostneededitHegotJoyceprintedWhenhehadtohemadesurethatJoycegotread:whatPoundcalled"thepartyofintelligence"begantocoalescebypassingaroundAPortraitin"amuch·handledfileofEgoistsoraslipperybundleoftypescript"PoundandHarrietShawWeaverconductedahighpoweredpublicitycampaignthatantedatedthedaysofslickadver·tising,andPoundtirelesslynegotiatedwithpublishersandwrotereviewsItwaslargelythroughPoundthatJoycemaintainedhiscontactwithhisownliteratureandlanguageduringtheisolationofthewaryearsFurthermore,atcriticalmomentsPoundwasabletodrumupfinancialsupportfromsuchvariedsourcesastheRoyalLiteraryFund,theSocietyofAuthors,theBritishParliament,andtheNewYorklawyerJohnQuinnTohelpJoycethroughoneofhiseyeoperations,heevenwentsofarastotrytosellauthenticautographsofKingFerdinandandQueenIsabella(date:)Poundillustratedhismixtureofpracticality,resourcefulness,andextravagantgenerosityduringthefrustratingeffortsintofindapublisherforAPortraitJohnMarshallofNewYorkhadagreedtopublishabookentitledThisGeneration,inwhichPoundintendedtodiscuss"contemporaryeventsinthewoilduvIetters,withapassingreferenceofaboutwordsonvorticism"ButthenIHarshallexpressedinterestinAPortraitPound,seizingtheopportunity,actedimmediatelyFirsthewrotelVlarshall,theninformedMissWeaver:IhavejustwrittenhimdirectaverystrongletterreJoyce,advisinghimtoprinttheJoyceinpreferencetomybook,ifhiscapitalislimitedIcan'tgofurtherthanthatIIadviseyoutosendhim(i~,mailtohimnottoKreymborg)atoncetheleavesofTheEgoistcontainingthenovelandalsothebitstheprintercutoutHemayaswellhaveitall,andatoncewhilemyletterishotinhiscrawMyotherletterwastoKreymborgforMarshall,IthinkthetwolettersoughttopenetratesomeoneskullOnthemorequixoticsidearePound'sattemptstoprescribefromLondonforJoyce'seyes(Odysseustoowasaneyeexpert,videtheCyclops,thoughinanothersense!)andtheeffortstogetexpertadvicefromaPhiladelphia(Pa)specialistTheatmospherewasoneofurbanegoodhumorandgustoithadroomforaffections,confidences,enthusiasms,andrages,anditproducedpuns,limericks,andparodiesPound'sandJoyce'sfinancialplightsresultedinamusingironiesPoundlivedin"highheartedpenury"inLondonHis"gatereceipts"fromNovember,,toOctober,,thefirstyearofhismarriage,were£HewasforcedintoabewilderingvarietyofjournalisticworkandintomakinghisownfurnitureHeaccompaniedYeatstoSussexashissecretaryduringthreewinters,WhenhewrotelaudingtheendofAPortraithereomarkedthatJoyceprobablycouldn'thavecompletedthebook"'inthelapofluxury'orinthewhirlofametropoliswiththeattritionofendlesssmallamusementsandendlesscallsonone'stime,andendlesstrivialitiesofenjoyment"PoundhimselfknewwhatthewhirlofthemetropoliswaslikehisgustoasimpresariooftheseriousliterarymovementwasoftenaccompaniedbymisgivingsthathewasallowinghisseriouspoeticimpulsetowastefromlackofuseButhewasalmostwhollyinthedarkaboutJoyce'scourseoflifeJoycelivedaquiteunspartanlifeinTriesteandZurichHispenurywaslargelyselfinflictedhewasalwayswilling,eveneager,tobedependent,anddespitehissuccessatfindingwindfallshealwaysconsideredhisplightdeplorableDuringonefinancialcrisisPoundactuallysuggestedthatthegreatmetropolitanmightconstructhisownfurnitureormovetoavillageinthecountry,remindinghim"Variousyoungwritersherehavedoneso"PoundmighthavebeenaghastorevenindignanthadheknowntheluxuriesJoyceallowedhimselfButalthoughhemaynothaveknownthecausesofJoyce'spleasanddiscouragementsandindecisivenesses,Pound'senergeticactionwasjustwhatJoyceneededtosustainhim,notonlymateriallybutemotionallyPound'stirelesseffortsproducedonlyatrickleofmoneynothinglikeMissWeaver'sseriesofbenefactionsorEdithRockefellerMcCormick'ssubsidyButthesymbolicvaluemusthavefaroutweighedtheactualcashRecognitionfromtheRoyalLiteraryFund,Who'sWho,theSocietyofAuthors,andthecustodiansofthePrivyPursewasakindofofficialrecognitionifJoycedidnotrelishthethoughtofbeingsupportedbytheBritishgovernment,whichhewouldsoonhavemorereasonforresentingthanmerelythefactthathewasanIrishman,hecouldneverthelessfeelthattheforemostwritersinEnglishacknowledgedhimandthathehadaplaceamongthemWhenJohnQuinnbegantobuyhisproofsheetsandmanuscripts,hecouldevenfeelthathehadaplaceinposterityJoycehadtohavehisbookspublished,accepted,andrespectedindeed,ashehimselffrequentlysaid,heoftenhadtorelyonotherstoconvincehimthathewasawriterOncehelostfaithsufficientlytostickthe"originaloriginal"manuscriptofAPortraitintoastoveEncouragementfromsuchavarietyofsourceshelpedkeepJoyceworkingatapitchofintensityandrapidityNorcantheeditorialdeadlinesthatPoundrepresentedbediscountedFurther,Poundrepeatedlyacquiesced,andofteninsisted,thatJoyceshouldnotdothekindofjournalisticworkhehimselfwasforcedtodo,butshoulddevotehimselfpersistentlytoUlyssesPound'sdeterminationthatUlyssesshouldbefinished,andthatJoyceshouldleaveTriesteforaplacethatwouldenablehimtofinishitunharried,broughtabouttheirmeetinginThatmomentwasclearlyacrucialoneIIjAfflictedwithindecisiveness,astheexchangessurroundingtheeventshow,thewaveringJoycefinallysubmittedtoPound's"fixedidea"tbatheshouldcometoSirmioneAlthoughPoundconfessed,"Thecurseofmeandmynationisthatwealwaysthinkthingscanbebetteredbyimmediateactionofsomesort,anysortratherthannosort,"thistimethe"curse"wastheonethingneedfulandpersistenceworkedInJulyJoycemovedtoParisPound'scommentstoJoyceaboutJoyce'sworkwereusuallyenthusiasticOfcoursehewasstruckimmediatelybythescrupulousproseofDublinersandAPortrait,andtoldJoycesoonreceivingthefirsttypescripts,butthatdidnotpreventhimfromwritingspontaneouslyto"letoffsteam"inpraiseofanewchapterofAPortraitafterithadcomeoutinTheEgoistEvenwhenhehadreservationshewasfrankandliberalHethoughtExilesnotuptoJoyce'sotherworkbutstillgaveJoycethefullbenefitofhiscriticaljudgmenthewrestledwiththeplaymuchofonenight,wroteJoycealongletter,and,thoughhewasnevertoalterhis

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(英文原版)-诗人庞德与詹姆斯·乔伊斯的通信集

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