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首页 《劳特里奇哲学史》(外文版)第2卷+从亚里士多德到奥古斯丁.pdf

《劳特里奇哲学史》(外文版)第2卷+从亚里士多德到奥古斯丁.pdf

《劳特里奇哲学史》(外文版)第2卷+从亚里士多德到奥古斯丁.p…

上传者: 一路书香 2010-02-10 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《《劳特里奇哲学史》(外文版)第2卷+从亚里士多德到奥古斯丁pdf》,可适用于人文社科领域,主题内容包含RoutledgeHistoryofPhilosophyVolumeIIThisvolumeprovidesacomprehensivesurvey符等。

RoutledgeHistoryofPhilosophyVolumeIIThisvolumeprovidesacomprehensivesurveyoftheworkofphilosopherswhowroteinGreekandLatinfromthemidfourthcenturyBCtothefifthcenturyADfromthedeathofPlatotothebeginningofChristianphilosophyFivechaptersaredevotedtoAristotleandthePeripateticschool,threetothemajorHellenisticschoolstheEpicurean,StoicandtheSceptictwototheargumentsofmathematiciansandbiologists,andoneeachtoNeoPlatonismandAugustineSupplementedwithachronology,aglossaryoftechnicaltermsandanextensivebibliography,VolumeIIoftheRoutledgeHistoryofPhilosophyprovidesacomprehensiveanduserfriendlysurveyandanalysisofthemethodsandachievementsofpostPlatonicClassicalphilosophersDavidFurleyisProfessorofClassics,Emeritus,atPrincetonUniversity,andanHonoraryFellowofJesusCollegeCambridgeHeistheauthorofCosmicProblems:EssaysonGreekandRomanPhilosophyofNature()HewasEditorofPhronesis(–)andhewaselectedCorrespondingFellowoftheBritishAcademyinRoutledgeHistoryofPhilosophyGeneralEditorsGHRParkinsonandSGShankerTheRoutledgeHistoryofPhilosophyprovidesachronologicalsurveyofthehistoryofWesternphilosophy,fromitsbeginningsinthesixthcenturyBCtothepresenttimeItdiscussesallmajorphilosophicaldevelopmentsindepthMostspaceisallocatedtothoseindividualswho,bycommonconsent,areregardedasgreatphilosophersButlesserfigureshavenotbeenneglected,andtogetherthetenvolumesoftheHistoryincludebasicandcriticalinformationabouteverysignificantphilosopherofthepastandpresentThesephilosophersareclearlysituatedwithintheculturaland,inparticular,thescientificcontextoftheirtimeTheHistoryisintendednotonlyforthespecialist,butalsoforthestudentandthegeneralreaderEachchapterisbyanacknowledgedauthorityinthefieldThechaptersarewritteninanaccessiblestyleandaglossaryoftechnicaltermsisprovidedineachvolumeEachvolumecontains–chaptersbydifferentcontributorsIFromtheBeginningtoPlatoCCWTaylor(published)IIFromAristotletoAugustineDavidFurleyIIIMedievalPhilosophyJohnMarenbonIVTheRenaissanceandthcenturyRationalismGHRParkinson(published)VBritishPhilosophyandtheAgeofEnlightenmentStuartBrown(published)VITheAgeofGermanIdealismRobertSolomonandKathleenHiggins(published)VIITheNineteenthCenturyCLTen(published)VIIIContinentalPhilosophyinthethCenturyRichardKearney(published)IXPhilosophyofScience,LogicandMathematicsinthethCenturySGShanker(published)XPhilosophyofMeaning,KnowledgeandValueinthethCenturyJohnCanfield(published)RoutledgeHistoryofPhilosophyVolumeIIFromAristotletoAugustineEDITEDBYDavidFurleyLondonandNewYorkFirstpublishedbyRoutledgeNewFetterLane,LondonECPEEThiseditionpublishedintheTaylorFranciseLibrary,“TopurchaseyourowncopyofthisoranyofTaylorFrancisorRoutledge’scollectionofthousandsofeBookspleasegotowwweBookstoretandfcouk”SimultaneouslypublishedintheUSAandCanadabyRoutledgeWestthStreet,NewYork,NYSelectionandeditorialmatterDavidFurleyindividualcontributions,thecontributorsTherightofDavidFurleytobeidentifiedastheAuthorofthisWorkhasbeenassertedbyhiminaccordancewiththeCopyright,DesignsandPatentsActAllrightsreservedNopartofthisbookmaybereprintedorreproducedorutilisedinanyformorbyanyelectronic,mechanical,orothermeans,nowknownorhereafterinvented,includingphotocopyingandrecording,orinanyinformationstorageorretrievalsystem,withoutpermissioninwritingfromthepublishersBritishLibraryCataloguinginPublicationDataAcataloguerecordforthisbookisavailablefromtheBritishLibraryLibraryofCongressCataloginginPublicationDataFromAristotletoAugustineeditedbyDavidFurleypcm(Routledgehistoryofphilosophyv)IncludesbibliographicalreferencesandindexISBN(HB)Philosophy,AncientAristotleAugustine,Saint,BishopofHippoIFurley,DavidJIISeriesBF–dc–CIPISBNMasterebookISBNISBN(AdobeeReaderFormat)ISBN(PrintEdition)ContentsGeneraleditors’prefaceviiNotesoncontributorsixChronologyxiiListofsourcesxixIntroductionDavidFurleyAristotlethephilosopherofnatureDavidFurleyAristotle’slogicandmetaphysicsAlanCodeAristotle:AestheticsandphilosophyofmindDavidGallopAristotle:EthicsandpoliticsRogerCrispTrevorJSaundersThePeripateticschoolRobertWSharplesEpicureanismStephenEversonStoicismBradInwoodThescepticsMichaelFredeTheexactsciencesinHellenistictimes:TextsandissuesAlanCBowenHellenisticbiologicalsciencesRJHankinsonndaNeoPlatonismEyjólfurKEmilssonAugustineGerardO’DalyGlossaryNameindexSubjectindexIndexlocorumviGeneraleditors’prefaceThehistoryofphilosophy,asitsnameimplies,representsaunionoftwoverydifferentdisciplines,eachofwhichimposessevereconstraintsupontheotherAsanexerciseinthehistoryofideas,itdemandsthatoneacquirea‘periodeye’:athoroughunderstandingofhowthethinkerswhomitstudiesviewedtheproblemswhichtheysoughttoresolve,theconceptualframeworksinwhichtheyaddressedtheseissues,theirassumptionsandobjectives,theirblindspotsandmiscuesButasanexerciseinphilosophy,weareengagedinmuchmorethansimplyadescriptivetaskThereisacrucialcriticalaspecttoourefforts:wearelookingforthecogencyasmuchasthedevelopmentofanargument,foritsbearingonquestionswhichcontinuetopreoccupyusasmuchastheimpactwhichitmayhavehadontheevolutionofphilosophicalthoughtThehistoryofphilosophythusrequiresadelicatebalancingactfromitspractitionersWereadthesewritingswiththefullbenefitofhistoricalhindsightWecanseewhytheminorcontributionsremainedminorandwherethegrandsystemsbrokedown:sometimesasaresultofinternalpressures,sometimesbecauseofafailuretoovercomeaninsuperableobstacle,sometimesbecauseofadramatictechnologicalorsociologicalchangeand,quiteoften,becauseofnothingmorethanashiftinintellectualfashionorinterestsYet,becauseofourcontinuingphilosophicalconcernwithmanyofthesameproblems,wecannotaffordtolookdispassionatelyattheseworksWewanttoknowwhatlessonsaretobelearntfromtheinconsequentialorthegloriousfailuresmanytimeswewanttopleadforacontemporaryrelevanceintheoverlookedtheoryortoreconsiderwhetherthe‘gloriousfailure’wasindeedsuchorsimplyaheadofitstime:perhapsevenaheadofitsauthorWefindourselves,therefore,muchlikethemythical‘radicaltranslator’whohassofascinatedmodernphilosophers,tryingtounderstandanauthor’sideasinhisandhisculture’seyes,andatthesametime,inourownItcanbeaformidabletaskManytimeswefailinthehistoricalundertakingbecauseourphilosophicalinterestsaresostrong,orlosesightofthelatterbecausewearesoenthralledbytheformerButthenatureofphilosophyissuchthatwearecompelledtomasterbothtechniquesForlearningaboutthehistoryofphilosophyisnotjustachallengingandengagingpastime:itisanessentialelementinlearningaboutthenatureofphilosophyingraspinghowphilosophyisintimatelyconnectedwithandyetdistinctfrombothhistoryandscienceTheRoutledgeHistoryofPhilosophyprovidesachronologicalsurveyofthehistoryofWesternphilosophy,fromitsbeginningsuptothepresenttimeItsaimistodiscussallmajorphilosophicaldevelopmentsindepth,andwiththisinmind,mostspacehasbeenallocatedtothoseindividualswho,bycommonconsent,areregardedasgreatphilosophersButlesserfigureshavenotbeenneglected,anditishopedthatthereaderwillbeabletofind,inthetenvolumesoftheHistory,atleastbasicinformationaboutanysignificantphilosopherofthepastorpresentPhilosophicalthinkingdoesnotoccurinisolationfromotherhumanactivities,andthisHistorytriestosituatephilosopherswithinthecultural,andinparticularthescientific,contextoftheirtimeSomephilosophers,indeed,wouldregardphilosophyasmerelyancillarytothenaturalsciencesbutevenifthisviewisrejected,itcanhardlybedeniedthatthescienceshavehadagreatinfluenceonwhatisnowregardedasphilosophy,anditisimportantthatthisinfluenceshouldbesetforthclearlyNotthatthesevolumesareintendedtoprovideamererecordofthefactorsthatinfluencedphilosophicalthinkingphilosophyisadisciplinewithitsownstandardsofargument,andthepresentationofthewaysinwhichtheseargumentshavedevelopedisthemainconcernofthisHistoryInspeakingof‘whatisnowregardedasphilosophy’,wemayhavegiventheimpressionthattherenowexistsasingleviewofwhatphilosophyisThisiscertainlynotthecaseonthecontrary,thereexistseriousdifferencesofopinion,amongthosewhocallthemselvesphilosophers,aboutthenatureoftheirsubjectThesedifferencesarereflectedintheexistenceatthepresenttimeoftwomainschoolsofthought,usuallydescribedas‘analytic’and‘continental’philosophyItisnotourintention,asgeneraleditorsofthisHistory,totakesidesinthisdisputeOurattitudeisoneoftolerance,andourhopeisthatthesevolumeswillcontributetoanunderstandingofhowphilosophershavereachedthepositionswhichtheynowoccupyOnefinalcommentPhilosophyhaslongbeenahighlytechnicalsubject,withitsownspecializedvocabularyThisHistoryisintendednotonlyforthespecialistbutalsoforthegeneralreaderTothisend,wehavetriedtoensurethateachchapteriswritteninanaccessiblestyleandsincetechnicalitiesareunavoidable,aglossaryoftechnicaltermsisprovidedineachvolumeInthiswaythesevolumeswill,wehope,contributetoawiderunderstandingofasubjectwhichisofthehighestimportancetoallthinkingpeopleGHRParkinsonSGShankerviiiNotesoncontributorsAlanCBowenistheDirectoroftheInstituteforResearchinClassicalPhilosophyandScience(Princeton)Hehaspublishednumerousarticlesonthehistoryofancientscienceandiscurrentlywritingabook,GrecoLatinPlanetaryTheorybeforePtolemy:HistoryandHistoriographyAlanCodeisNicholasCPetrisProfessorofGreekStudiesattheUniversityofCaliforniaatBerkeleyUntilrecentlyhewasO’DonnellProfessorofPhilosophyattheOhioStateUniversityHeistheauthorofmanyarticlesonAristotle’smetaphysics,logic,philosophyofmindandphilosophyofnatureRogerCrispisFellowandTutorinPhilosophyatStAnne’sCollegeOxfordHeistheeditorofUtilitasInadditiontoarticlesonAristotle,andcontributionstomodernproblemsinmoralphilosophy,hehaspublishedMillonUtilitarianism(Routledge,),andistranslatingAristotle’sNicomacheanEthicsforCambridgeUniversityPress’sHistoryofPhilosophyseriesEyjólfurKEmilssonreceivedhisPhDdegreefromPrincetonUniversity,andthenbecameaFellowintheInstituteofPhilosophyattheUniversityofIcelandHenowteachesinthePhilosophyDepartmentoftheUniversityofOsloHisbookPlotinusonSensePerception:APhilosophicalStudywaspublishedbyCambridgeUniversityPressinStephenEversonistheauthorofAristotleonPerception(),aswellasarticlesonAristotleandEpicurusHeiscurrentlyamemberoftheDepartmentofPhilosophyattheUniversityofMichiganMichaelFredeisProfessorofAncientPhilosophyattheUniversityofOxfordHeistheauthorofDiestoischeLogik(),Galen:ThreeTreatisesontheNatureofScience()andEssaysinAncientPhilosophy(),andhaspublishedmanyotherpapersonancientphilosophyandmedicineDavidFurleyisProfessorofClassics,Emeritus,atPrincetonUniversity,andanHonoraryFellowofJesusCollegeCambridgeHeistheauthorofTwoStudiesintheGreekAtomists(),TheGreekCosmologistsvol(),andCosmicProblems:EssaysonGreekandRomanPhilosophyofNature()HewasEditorofPhronesis(–),andJointEditorwithREAllenofStudiesinPresocraticPhilosophyI()andII()HewaselectedCorrespondingFellowoftheBritishAcademyinDavidGallopisProfessorofPhilosophy,Emeritus,atTrentUniversity,Ontario,wherehetaughtfromtoHispublicationsincludenumerousarticlesonphilosophicalandliterarysubjectsHehastranslatedandeditedPlato’sPhaedofortheClarendonPressseries(),aswellasEuthyphro,DefenceofSocrates,Crito,andPhaedoforWorld’sClassics(,)HehasalsopublishedParmenidesofElea(Toronto,)andAristotleonSleepandDreams(Warminster,)RJHankinsonisProfessorofPhilosophyattheUniversityofTexasatAustinHeistheauthorofmanyarticlesonthephilosophicalthoughtofHellenisticandlaterGreekbiologistsHisbookGalenonAntecedentCauseswaspublishedbyCambridgeUniversityPressinBradInwoodisProfessorofClassics,UniversityofTorontoHeistheauthorofEthicsandHumanActioninEarlyStoicism(),HellenisticPhilosophy:IntroductoryReadingswithLPGerson(,nd,expandededition,),andThePoemofParmenides()Heiscoeditor,withJaapMansfeld,ofAssentandArgumentinCicero’sAcademicBooks(),andhascontributedarticlestotwovolumesonHellenisticphilosophy,PassionsandPerceptions(),andJusticeandGenerosity()GerardO’DalyisProfessorofLatinatUniversityCollegeLondonHischiefpublicationsarePlotinus’PhilosophyoftheSelf(),Augustine’sPhilosophyofMind(),andThePoetryofBoethius()HeiscoeditoroftheAugustinusLexikon()TrevorJSaundersisProfessorofGreekattheUniversityofNewcastleuponTyneHischiefinterestsareinGreekpolitical,social,andlegaltheoryHehasproducedthreevolumesinthePenguinClassicsseries:atranslationofPlato’sLaws(),arevisionofTASinclair’stranslationofAristotle’sPolitics(),and(ascontributingeditor)Plato:EarlySocraticDialogues()HehaswrittennumerousarticlesonthepoliticalphilosophyofPlatoandAristotle,andhislatestbooksarePlato’sPenalCode:ControversyandReforminGreekPenology(Oxford:ClarendonPress,),andAristotle,PoliticsBookIandII(),intheClarendonAristotleseriesRobertWSharplesisProfessorofClassicsandHeadoftheDepartmentofGreekandLatinatUniversityCollegeLondonHispublicationsincludeEnglishtranslationsofAlexanderAphrodisias,OnFate(),EthicalProblems(),andQuaestiones(and)HeisaxmemberoftheteamforTheophrastusofEresus,edsWWFortenbaughandothers(Leiden,Brill,),andcontributortotwocommentaryvolumes(andforthcoming)HeiscurrentlyeditorofPhronesisxiChronologyxiiixivxvxvixviixviiiListofSourcesThefollowingarethoseancientauthorsandworksmostfrequentlycitedassourcesinthisvolumeThislistmentionsEnglishtranslationswheneverpossible‘Loeb’indicatesthataGreek(Latin)EnglisheditionisavailableintheLoebClassicalLibrarypublishedbyHarvardUniversityPressMoredetailedinformationingiveninthebibliographiesattachedtoindividualchaptersEachbibliographicentryisgivenanumberforreferenceThetwelvechaptersofthisvolumecanbeseenasdividedintofoursections:booksrelevanttoallchaptersofthesectionarelistedinitsfirstchapter,orintheindividualchaptersinthecaseofsections(c)and(d)(a)AristotleandthePeripateticSchool:chapters–Seethebibliographyofchapter:to,pp–(b)HellenisticPhilosophy:chapters–Seethebibliographyofchapter:to,pp–(c)MathematicsandBiology:chapters–Seethebibliographiesofboththesechapters,pp–andpp–(d)FromtheClassicaltotheChristianAge:chapters–Seethebibliographiesofboththesechapters,pp–andpp–AlexanderofAphrodisiasSeeAristotelianCommentatorsAristotelianCommentatorsInGreek,CommentariainAristotelemGraeca,Berlin,Reimer,–,withSupplementumAristotelicum,–SomecommentariesarenowavailableinEnglishtranslation:AncientCommentatorsonAristotle,GeneralEditorRichardSorabji,London,Duckworth,andcontinuingAristotleTheCompleteWorksofAristotle,edJonathanBarnes,PrincetonUniversityPress,BollingenSeriesLXXI,AlsoLoebAugustineTheologianandphilosopher,AD–SeetoAurelius,MarcusRomanEmperorandStoic,AD–Meditations(Loeb)CiceroRomanstatesmanandoratorstcBCPhilosophicalessays:Derepublica,Delegibus,Definibus,Denaturadeorum,Academica,Defato,TusculanDisputationsLoebDiogenesLaertius(abbrDL)ProbablyrdcADLivesofthePhilosophersLoebDiogenesofOenoandaEccentricauthorofaninscriptiononthestonewallsoftheagoraofOenoandasummarizingEpicureanphilosophyprobablyndcADSeeEpictetusStoicphilosophermidsttomidndcADDiscoursesLoebEpicurus–BCThreeLettersandPrincipalDoctrinesinDiogenesLaertiusbook(Loeb)Also(withVaticanSayings)inGreekandEnglishinCyrilBailey,Epicurus,Oxford,ClarendonPress,AlsowithpapyrusfragmentsofOnNatureinGreekwithItaliantranslationinGArrighetti,ed,Epicuro,Opere,Turin,Einaudi,EusebiusBiblicalscholarandapologistcAD–EcclesiasticalHistory(Loeb)GalenofPergamumndcADPhysicianandprolificwriter(inGreek)onmedicaltheoryandpracticeaswellaslogicandphilosophyHeraclidesofPontusPhilosopherofPlato’sAcademylaterthcBCEnglishtranslationofsometextsinHBGottschalk,HeraclidesofPontus,Oxford,ClarendonPress,lamblichusNeoPlatonistphilosophercAD–cSeetoLucretiusLatinpoet,authorofDererumnaturaearlystcBCMajorsourceforEpicureanismLoeb,andmanyotherEnglishtranslations,forexampleCBaileyPhilo(Judaeus)ofAlexandriaPhilosopherstcADSomeworksinLoebPhilodemusEpicureanphilosopherc–cBCFragmentssurviveonpapyriatHerculaneum:OnMethodsofInference,edwithEnglishtranslationbyPHandEADeLacy,Naples,Bibliopolis,OnChoicesandAvoidances,edwithEnglishtranslationbyVTsounaMcKirahan,ibidPhiloponus,JohnthcADSeeAristotelianCommentatorsPlotinusNeoPlatonistphilosopherrdcADEnneads(Loeb)PlutarchofChaeroneaPhilosopher,biographer,essayistBeforeADtoafterMoralia(Loeb)PorphyryDiscipleofPlotinusADtocSeetoPosidoniusStoicphilosopherstcBCFragments,edLEdelsteinandIGKidd,withEnglishtranslationandcommentary,CambridgeUnivers

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