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首页 奥巴马2010年美国国情咨文

奥巴马2010年美国国情咨文.doc

奥巴马2010年美国国情咨文

朱雀
2010-02-07 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《奥巴马2010年美国国情咨文doc》,可适用于工作范文领域

TheWhiteHouseOfficeofthePressSecretaryForImmediateReleaseJanuary,RemarksbythePresidentinStateoftheUnionAddressUSCapitol:PMESTTHEPRESIDENT: MadamSpeaker,VicePresidentBiden,membersofCongress,distinguishedguests,andfellowAmericans:OurConstitutiondeclaresthatfromtimetotime,thePresidentshallgivetoCongressinformationaboutthestateofourunion Foryears,ourleadershavefulfilledthisdutyThey'vedonesoduringperiodsofprosperityandtranquility Andthey'vedonesointhemidstofwaranddepressionatmomentsofgreatstrifeandgreatstruggleIt'stemptingtolookbackonthesemomentsandassumethatourprogresswasinevitable–thatAmericawasalwaysdestinedtosucceed ButwhentheUnionwasturnedbackatBullRun,andtheAlliesfirstlandedatOmahaBeach,victorywasverymuchindoubt WhenthemarketcrashedonBlackTuesday,andcivilrightsmarcherswerebeatenonBloodySunday,thefuturewasanythingbutcertain Thesewerethetimesthattestedthecourageofourconvictions,andthestrengthofourunion Anddespiteallourdivisionsanddisagreements,ourhesitationsandourfears,Americaprevailedbecausewechosetomoveforwardasonenation,asonepeople Again,wearetested Andagain,wemustanswerhistory'scallOneyearago,Itookofficeamidtwowars,aneconomyrockedbyasevererecession,afinancialsystemonthevergeofcollapse,andagovernmentdeeplyindebt Expertsfromacrossthepoliticalspectrumwarnedthatifwedidnotact,wemightfaceaseconddepression Soweacted–immediatelyandaggressively Andoneyearlater,theworstofthestormhaspassedButthedevastationremains OneinAmericansstillcannotfindwork Manybusinesseshaveshuttered Homevalueshavedeclined Smalltownsandruralcommunitieshavebeenhitespeciallyhard Andforthosewho'dalreadyknownpoverty,lifehasbecomethatmuchharderThisrecessionhasalsocompoundedtheburdensthatAmerica'sfamilieshavebeendealingwithfordecades–theburdenofworkingharderandlongerforlessofbeingunabletosaveenoughtoretireorhelpkidswithcollege SoIknowtheanxietiesthatareoutthererightnow They'renotnew ThesestrugglesarethereasonIranforPresident ThesestrugglesarewhatI'vewitnessedforyearsinplaceslikeElkhart,IndianaGalesburg,Illinois IhearabouttheminthelettersthatIreadeachnight Thetoughesttoreadarethosewrittenbychildren–askingwhytheyhavetomovefromtheirhome,askingwhentheirmomordadwillbeabletogobacktoworkFortheseAmericansandsomanyothers,changehasnotcomefastenough Somearefrustratedsomeareangry Theydon'tunderstandwhyitseemslikebadbehavioronWallStreetisrewarded,buthardworkonMainStreetisn'torwhyWashingtonhasbeenunableorunwillingtosolveanyofourproblems They'retiredofthepartisanshipandtheshoutingandthepettiness Theyknowwecan'taffordit Notnow  Sowefacebiganddifficultchallenges AndwhattheAmericanpeoplehope–whattheydeserve–isforallofus,DemocratsandRepublicans,toworkthroughourdifferencestoovercomethenumbingweightofourpolitics Forwhilethepeoplewhosentusherehavedifferentbackgrounds,differentstories,differentbeliefs,theanxietiestheyfacearethesameTheaspirationstheyholdareshared: ajobthatpaysthebillsachancetogetaheadmostofall,theabilitytogivetheirchildrenabetterlife Youknowwhatelsetheyshare Theyshareastubbornresilienceinthefaceofadversity Afteroneofthemostdifficultyearsinourhistory,theyremainbusybuildingcarsandteachingkids,startingbusinessesandgoingbacktoschoolThey'recoachingLittleLeagueandhelpingtheirneighbors Onewomanwrotetomeandsaid,"Wearestrainedbuthopeful,strugglingbutencouraged" It'sbecauseofthisspirit–thisgreatdecencyandgreatstrength–thatIhaveneverbeenmorehopefulaboutAmerica'sfuturethanIamtonight (Applause) Despiteourhardships,ourunionisstrong Wedonotgiveup Wedonotquit Wedonotallowfearordivisiontobreakourspirit Inthisnewdecade,it'stimetheAmericanpeoplegetagovernmentthatmatchestheirdecencythatembodiestheirstrength (Applause)   Andtonight,tonightI'dliketotalkabouthowtogetherwecandeliveronthatpromise   Itbeginswithoureconomy Ourmosturgenttaskupontakingofficewastoshoreupthesamebanksthathelpedcausethiscrisis ItwasnoteasytodoAndifthere'sonethingthathasunifiedDemocratsandRepublicans,andeverybodyinbetween,it'sthatweallhatedthebankbailout Ihatedit(applause) Ihatedit Youhatedit Itwasaboutaspopularasarootcanal (Laughter)  ButwhenIranforPresident,IpromisedIwouldn'tjustdowhatwaspopular–Iwoulddowhatwasnecessary Andifwehadallowedthemeltdownofthefinancialsystem,unemploymentmightbedoublewhatitistoday Morebusinesseswouldcertainlyhaveclosed Morehomeswouldhavesurelybeenlost SoIsupportedthelastadministration'seffortstocreatethefinancialrescueprogram Andwhenwetookthatprogramover,wemadeitmoretransparentandmoreaccountable Andasaresult,themarketsarenowstabilized,andwe'verecoveredmostofthemoneywespentonthebanks (Applause) MostbutnotallTorecovertherest,I'veproposedafeeonthebiggestbanks (Applause) Now,IknowWallStreetisn'tkeenonthisidea Butifthesefirmscanaffordtohandoutbigbonusesagain,theycanaffordamodestfeetopaybackthetaxpayerswhorescuedthemintheirtimeofneed (Applause)Now,aswestabilizedthefinancialsystem,wealsotookstepstogetoureconomygrowingagain,saveasmanyjobsaspossible,andhelpAmericanswhohadbecomeunemployed That'swhyweextendedorincreasedunemploymentbenefitsformorethanmillionAmericansmadehealthinsurancepercentcheaperforfamilieswhogettheircoveragethroughCOBRAandpasseddifferenttaxcutsNow,letmerepeat: Wecuttaxes Wecuttaxesforpercentofworkingfamilies (Applause) Wecuttaxesforsmallbusinesses Wecuttaxesforfirsttimehomebuyers Wecuttaxesforparentstryingtocarefortheirchildren WecuttaxesformillionAmericanspayingforcollege (Applause)IthoughtI'dgetsomeapplauseonthatone (Laughterandapplause)Asaresult,millionsofAmericanshadmoretospendongasandfoodandothernecessities,allofwhichhelpedbusinesseskeepmoreworkers Andwehaven'traisedincometaxesbyasingledimeonasingleperson Notasingledime (Applause)Becauseofthestepswetook,thereareabouttwomillionAmericansworkingrightnowwhowouldotherwisebeunemployed (Applause) Twohundredthousandworkinconstructionandcleanenergy,areteachersandothereducationworkers Tensofthousandsarecops,firefighters,correctionalofficers,firstresponders (Applause) Andwe'reontracktoaddanotheroneandahalfmillionjobstothistotalbytheendoftheyearTheplanthathasmadeallofthispossible,fromthetaxcutstothejobs,istheRecoveryAct (Applause) That'sright–theRecoveryAct,alsoknownasthestimulusbill (Applause) Economistsontheleftandtherightsaythisbillhashelpedsavejobsandavertdisaster Butyoudon'thavetotaketheirwordforit TalktothesmallbusinessinPhoenixthatwilltripleitsworkforcebecauseoftheRecoveryAct TalktothewindowmanufacturerinPhiladelphiawhosaidheusedtobeskepticalabouttheRecoveryAct,untilhehadtoaddtwomoreworkshiftsjustbecauseofthebusinessitcreated TalktothesingleteacherraisingtwokidswhowastoldbyherprincipalinthelastweekofschoolthatbecauseoftheRecoveryAct,shewouldn'tbelaidoffafterall TherearestorieslikethisallacrossAmerica Andaftertwoyearsofrecession,theeconomyisgrowingagain Retirementfundshavestartedtogainbacksomeoftheirvalue Businessesarebeginningtoinvestagain,andslowlysomearestartingtohireagain   ButIrealizethatforeverysuccessstory,thereareotherstories,ofmenandwomenwhowakeupwiththeanguishofnotknowingwheretheirnextpaycheckwillcomefromwhosendoutresumesweekafterweekandhearnothinginresponse Thatiswhyjobsmustbeournumberonefocusin,andthat'swhyI'mcallingforanewjobsbilltonight (Applause)  Now,thetrueengineofjobcreationinthiscountrywillalwaysbeAmerica'sbusinesses (Applause) Butgovernmentcancreatetheconditionsnecessaryforbusinessestoexpandandhiremoreworkers Weshouldstartwheremostnewjobsdo–insmallbusinesses,companiesthatbeginwhen(applause)companiesthatbeginwhenanentrepreneurwhenanentrepreneurtakesachanceonadream,oraworkerdecidesit'stimeshebecameherownboss Throughsheergritanddetermination,thesecompanieshaveweatheredtherecessionandthey'rereadytogrow ButwhenyoutalktosmallbusinessownersinplaceslikeAllentown,Pennsylvania,orElyria,Ohio,youfindoutthateventhoughbanksonWallStreetarelendingagain,they'remostlylendingtobiggercompanies Financingremainsdifficultforsmallbusinessownersacrossthecountry,eventhosethataremakingaprofitSotonight,I'mproposingthatwetake$billionofthemoneyWallStreetbankshaverepaidanduseittohelpcommunitybanksgivesmallbusinessesthecredittheyneedtostayafloat(Applause) I'malsoproposinganewsmallbusinesstaxcredit–onethatwillgotooveronemillionsmallbusinesseswhohirenewworkersorraisewages (Applause) Whilewe'reatit,let'salsoeliminateallcapitalgainstaxesonsmallbusinessinvestment,andprovideataxincentiveforalllargebusinessesandallsmallbusinessestoinvestinnewplantsandequipment (Applause) Next,wecanputAmericanstoworktodaybuildingtheinfrastructureoftomorrow (Applause) FromthefirstrailroadstotheInterstateHighwaySystem,ournationhasalwaysbeenbuilttocompete There'snoreasonEuropeorChinashouldhavethefastesttrains,orthenewfactoriesthatmanufacturecleanenergyproductsTomorrow,I'llvisitTampa,Florida,whereworkerswillsoonbreakgroundonanewhighspeedrailroadfundedbytheRecoveryAct (Applause) Thereareprojectslikethatallacrossthiscountrythatwillcreatejobsandhelpmoveournation'sgoods,services,andinformation (Applause) WeshouldputmoreAmericanstoworkbuildingcleanenergyfacilities(applause)andgiverebatestoAmericanswhomaketheirhomesmoreenergyefficient,whichsupportscleanenergyjobs (Applause) Andtoencouragetheseandotherbusinessestostaywithinourborders,itistimetofinallyslashthetaxbreaksforcompaniesthatshipourjobsoverseas,andgivethosetaxbreakstocompaniesthatcreatejobsrighthereintheUnitedStatesofAmerica (Applause)Now,theHousehaspassedajobsbillthatincludessomeofthesesteps (Applause) Asthefirstorderofbusinessthisyear,IurgetheSenatetodothesame,andIknowtheywill (Applause) Theywill (Applause) Peopleareoutofwork They'rehurting Theyneedourhelp AndIwantajobsbillonmydeskwithoutdelay (Applause)Butthetruthis,thesestepswon'tmakeupforthesevenmillionjobsthatwe'velostoverthelasttwoyears Theonlywaytomovetofullemploymentistolayanewfoundationforlongtermeconomicgrowth,andfinallyaddresstheproblemsthatAmerica'sfamilieshaveconfrontedforyears  Wecan'taffordanothersocalledeconomic"expansion"liketheonefromthelastdecade–whatsomecallthe"lostdecade"–wherejobsgrewmoreslowlythanduringanypriorexpansionwheretheincomeoftheaverageAmericanhouseholddeclinedwhilethecostofhealthcareandtuitionreachedrecordhighswhereprosperitywasbuiltonahousingbubbleandfinancialspeculation FromthedayItookoffice,I'vebeentoldthataddressingourlargerchallengesistooambitioussuchaneffortwouldbetoocontentious I'vebeentoldthatourpoliticalsystemistoogridlocked,andthatweshouldjustputthingsonholdforawhile Forthosewhomaketheseclaims,Ihaveonesimplequestion:Howlongshouldwewait HowlongshouldAmericaputitsfutureonhold (Applause)Yousee,Washingtonhasbeentellingustowaitfordecades,evenastheproblemshavegrownworse Meanwhile,Chinaisnotwaitingtorevampitseconomy Germanyisnotwaiting Indiaisnotwaiting Thesenationsthey'renotstandingstill Thesenationsaren'tplayingforsecondplace They'reputtingmoreemphasisonmathandscience They'rerebuildingtheirinfrastructure They'remakingseriousinvestmentsincleanenergybecausetheywantthosejobs Well,IdonotacceptsecondplacefortheUnitedStatesofAmerica (Applause) Ashardasitmaybe,asuncomfortableandcontentiousasthedebatesmaybecome,it'stimetogetseriousaboutfixingtheproblemsthatarehamperingourgrowthNow,oneplacetostartisseriousfinancialreform Look,Iamnotinterestedinpunishingbanks I'minterestedinprotectingoureconomy Astrong,healthyfinancialmarketmakesitpossibleforbusinessestoaccesscreditandcreatenewjobsItchannelsthesavingsoffamiliesintoinvestmentsthatraiseincomes Butthatcanonlyhappenifweguardagainstthesamerecklessnessthatnearlybroughtdownourentireeconomy Weneedtomakesureconsumersandmiddleclassfamilieshavetheinformationtheyneedtomakefinancialdecisions (Applause) Wecan'tallowfinancialinstitutions,includingthosethattakeyourdeposits,totakerisksthatthreatenthewholeeconomy  Now,theHousehasalreadypassedfinancialreformwithmanyofthesechanges (Applause) Andthelobbyistsaretryingtokillit Butwecannotletthemwinthisfight (Applause) Andifthebillthatendsuponmydeskdoesnotmeetthetestofrealreform,Iwillsenditbackuntilwegetitright We'vegottogetitright (Applause)Next,weneedtoencourageAmericaninnovation Lastyear,wemadethelargestinvestmentinbasicresearchfundinginhistory–(applause)aninvestmentthatcouldleadtotheworld'scheapestsolarcellsortreatmentthatkillscancercellsbutleaveshealthyonesuntouched Andnoareaismoreripeforsuchinnovationthanenergy Youcanseetheresultsoflastyear'sinvestmentsincleanenergy–intheNorthCarolinacompanythatwillcreate,jobsnationwidehelpingtomakeadvancedbatteriesorintheCaliforniabusinessthatwillputathousandpeopletoworkmakingsolarpanelsButtocreatemoreofthesecleanenergyjobs,weneedmoreproduction,moreefficiency,moreincentives Andthatmeansbuildinganewgenerationofsafe,cleannuclearpowerplantsinthiscountry (Applause) Itmeansmakingtoughdecisionsaboutopeningnewoffshoreareasforoilandgasdevelopment (Applause) Itmeanscontinuedinvestmentinadvancedbiofuelsandcleancoaltechnologies (Applause) And,yes,itmeanspassingacomprehensiveenergyandclimatebillwithincentivesthatwillfinallymakecleanenergytheprofitablekindofenergyinAmerica (Applause)IamgratefultotheHouseforpassingsuchabilllastyear (Applause) AndthisyearI'meagertohelpadvancethebipartisaneffortintheSenate (Applause) Iknowtherehavebeenquestionsaboutwhetherwecanaffordsuchchangesinatougheconomy Iknowthattherearethosewhodisagreewiththeoverwhelmingscientificevidenceonclimatechange Buthere'sthethingevenifyoudoubttheevidence,providingincentivesforenergyefficiencyandcleanenergyaretherightthingtodoforourfuture–becausethenationthatleadsthecleanenergyeconomywillbethenationthatleadstheglobaleconomy AndAmericamustbethatnation (Applause)Third,weneedtoexportmoreofourgoods (Applause) Becausethemoreproductswemakeandselltoothercountries,themorejobswesupportrighthereinAmerica (Applause) Sotonight,wesetanewgoal: Wewilldoubleourexportsoverthenextfiveyears,anincreasethatwillsupporttwomillionjobsinAmerica (Applause) Tohelpmeetthisgoal,we'relaunchingaNationalExportInitiativethatwillhelpfarmersandsmallbusinessesincreasetheirexports,andreformexportcontrolsconsistentwithnationalsecurity (Applause)Wehavetoseeknewmarketsaggressively,justasourcompetitorsare IfAmericasitsonthesidelineswhileothernationssigntradedeals,wewilllosethechancetocreatejobsonourshores (Applause) Butrealizingthosebenefitsalsomeansenforcingthoseagreementssoourtradingpartnersplaybytherules (Applause) Andthat'swhywe'llcontinuetoshapeaDohatradeagreementthatopensglobalmarkets,andwhywewillstrengthenourtraderelationsinAsiaandwithkeypartnerslikeSouthKoreaandPanamaandColombia (Applause)Fourth,weneedtoinvestintheskillsandeducationofourpeople (Applause)Now,thisyear,we'vebrokenthroughthestalematebetweenleftandrightbylaunchinganationalcompetitiontoimproveourschools Andtheideahereissimple: Insteadofrewardingfailure,weonlyrewardsuccess Insteadoffundingthestatusquo,weonlyinvestinreformreformthatraisesstudentachievementinspiresstudentstoexcelinmathandscienceandturnsaroundfailingschoolsthatstealthefutureoftoomanyyoungAmericans,fromruralcommunitiestotheinnercity Inthestcentury,thebestantipovertyprogramaroundisaworldclasseducation (Applause) Andinthiscountry,thesuccessofourchildrencannotdependmoreonwheretheylivethanontheirpotential WhenwerenewtheElementaryandSecondaryEducationAct,wewillworkwithCongresstoexpandthesereformstoallstates Still,inthiseconomy,ahighschooldiplomanolongerguaranteesagoodjob That'swhyIurgetheSenatetofollowtheHouseandpassabillthatwillrevitalizeourcommunitycolleges,whichareacareerpathwaytothechildrenofsomanyworkingfamilies (Applause) Tomakecollegemoreaffordable,thisbillwillfinallyendtheunwarrantedtaxpayersubsidiesthatgotobanksforstudentloans (Applause) Instead,let'stakethatmoneyandgivefamiliesa$,taxcreditforfouryearsofcollegeandincreasePellGrants (Applause) Andlet'stellanotheronemillionstudentsthatwhentheygraduate,theywillberequiredtopayonlypercentoftheirincomeonstudentloans,andalloftheirdebtwillbeforgivenafteryears–andforgivenafteryearsiftheychooseacareerinpublicservice,becauseintheUnitedStatesofAmerica,nooneshouldgobrokebecausetheychosetogotocollege (Applause) Andbytheway,it'stimeforcollegesanduniversitiestogetseriousaboutcuttingtheirowncosts–(applause)becausethey,too,havearesponsibilitytohelpsolvethisproblem Now,thepriceofcollegetuitionisjustoneoftheburdensfacingthemiddleclass That'swhylastyearIaskedVicePresidentBidentochairataskforceonmiddleclassfamilies That'swhywe'renearlydoublingthechildcaretaxcredit,andmakingiteasiertosaveforretirementbygivingaccesstoeveryworkeraret

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