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首页 [英文版][古埃及][古希腊罗马][古亚述]神话学习手册

[英文版][古埃及][古希腊罗马][古亚述]神话学习手册.pdf

[英文版][古埃及][古希腊罗马][古亚述]神话学习手册

一边闲待
2010-02-06 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《[英文版][古埃及][古希腊罗马][古亚述]神话学习手册pdf》,可适用于人文社科领域

VfITHESTUDENT'SMYTHOLOGYACOMPENDIUMGreek,Roman,Egyptian,Assyrian,Persian,Einfioo,ChineThibetian,Scandinavian,Celtic,Aztec,andPeruvianMythologies,XMACCORDANCEWITHSTANDARDAUTHOBTTTTftARRANGEDFORTHEUSEOFSCHOOLSANDACADEMIESBTOAWHITEHEWEDITION,REVISEDANDCORRECTEDNEWYORKACARMSTRONGSON,Broadway^LEnteredAccordingtoActofCongressintheyear,byTJWIDDLETON,IntheClerk'sOfficeoftheDistrictCourtofthe"UnitedStatestattheSouthernDistrictofNewYorkCopyright,,byWCPREFATORYNOTETheStudent'sMythologyhasbeeninuseinmanuscriptfornearlythreeyearsinoneofourlargestacademies,whereithasbeenreceivedwithmuchfavorbybothteachersandpupilsEveninthatform,whichsubjectedthemtotheinconvenienceoflongdictations,itwaspreferredtoanyoftheordinarytextbooksonthesubjectCopiesweresoughtfortheuseofotherinstitutions,andtheprincipalsoftheacademyreferredto,consentedthattheworkshouldbepreparedforthepressIncarryingouttheplan,thesubjectmatterwascarefullyclassified,andsuchadditionsmadeasweredeemednecessaryforcompletenessAsafartherprecaution,thewholewassubmittedtotherevisionofaneminentclassicalscholarMythologyIrishChroniclersandotherstandardauthoritiesThematteroftheMexicanandPeruvianmythologies,hasbeenchieflytakenfrom'CiavigeroandPrescottReferencehasbeenmadethroughouttotheNewAmericanCyclopaediaTheworknowcompletedisofferedtothepublicinthehopethatitmayrenderthesubjectofmythologymoregenerallypopularinourschools,andobviatethedangersattendingthisotherwiseattractivestudy,CONTENTSCHAPTERLOrfgiuofMythologyDivinitiescalledCelestialaCHAPTERILGreekandRomanDivinitiesJupiterJunoHowrepresentedParentageandActionsProbableOriginoftheseFablesAdventuresofJupiterStoryofEuropaSearchofCadmusPunishmentofLyoaonCHAPTERIILapolloHisParentageandExploitsHowrepresentedStoryofMsculapiusBanishmentofApollofromHeavenTransformationofHyacinthusandCyparissusStoryofAdmetusandAlccstisAttributesofApolloPunishmentinflictedonMarsyasandonKingMidasStoryofMidasDeathofPhaetonTransformationofDaphneThingsSacredtoApolloCHAPTERTVMars(Ares)HisParentageHowrepresentedAnimalsSacredtoMarsNamesgiventoMarsHisTemplePriestscalledSaliiCHAPTERVMercury(Hermes)HisParentageHowrepresentedOfficesofMercuryBenefitsconferredbyMercuryonManWhyconsideredthePatronofThievesStoryofIoandArgusCHAPTERVLBacchus(Dionysus)ParentageoftheGodHowrepresentedStoryofSemeleInfancyofBacchusTransformationofNymphsintoMythologyStarsSilenusHowrepresentedExploitsofBacchusHowworshippedPlantsSacredtotheGodEacchanaliaorOrgiaStoryofPentheusPuni»u,^ntinflictedonAlcithoeandherSistersTransformationofMarinersintoDolphinsJ*CHAPTERVILCelestialGoddessesJunoHeraParentageofJunoHowrepresentedIris,MessengerofJunoChildrenofJunoJeaiuasyoftheGoddessTransformationofCallistaandAreasintofcsarsSacrificesofferedtotheGoddessPlantsheldSacredtoherCHAPTERVHLMinervaPallasAthenaHowrepresentedOriginoftheOliveThePalladiumMinerva,asthePatronessofJj'uinaleIndustryStoryofArachneTheBirdofMinervaStoryofMedusa'sHeadCHAPTERIXVenusAphroditeBirthandEducationofVenusMarriagewithVulcanHowrepresentedTemplesofVenusTheGracesCupidFestivalsoftheGoddessBirdsandPlantsSacredtoherSacrificesTempleofVenusCalvaTheAppleofDiscordDecisionofParisStoryofHippomenesandAtalantaDeathofAdonisOriginoftheRedRoeeNamesoftheGracesCHAPTERXIsionaLetoHerParentagePersecutionofJunoBirthor'ApolloandDianaTransformationofLycianPeasantsintoFrogsPunishmentofTityusLatonaiPersonificationofNightHowrepresentedbyPaintersindSculptorsCHAPTERXTAuroraEosAttributesofthoGoddessHowrepresentedStoryofCephalusandProcriMarriageofAurorawithTithoDusTransformationofTithoncsMcmnonHisDeathandObsequiesVocalStatueMCHAPTERXHrerrestrialGodsSaturnHisParentageHowrepresentedHisHistoryTheGoldenAgeSacrificesofferedtoSaturnTheSaturnaliaModernCarnivalJanusContradictoryAccountsofliisOriginTempleofJanusQuirinuaatRomeContentsCHAPTERXmfnlcanHephaestusParentageofthisGodWhybanishedfromHeavenOccupationofVulcanHisMostCelebratedWorksMarriagewithVenusTheCyclopsVulcaniaTempleonMou»*EtnaCacusCceculusOtherWorksofVulcanCHAPTERXTVJtolusSupposedoriginoftbe"FaMeM"rausHisParentageCriticismspassedonotherDivinitiesHisBanishmentfromOlympusCHAPTERXVTerrestrialGoddessesVestaHestiaHerParentageandAttributesHowrepresentedWorshipofVestaatRomeVestalVirginsTheirObligationsandPrivilegesAnecdoteCHAPTERXVLCiybeleHowcalledbytheGreeksParentageandAttributesHowrepresentedTempleofCybeleonMountDindymusSacredImageFestivalofMegaleciaGalleandCorybantesBonaDeaStoryoftheVestalClaudiaCHAPTERXVTLCeresDemeterParentageandAttributesHowrepresentedStoryofProserpineEleusinianMysteriesRitespracticedStoryofTriptoleniusSacrificesofferedtoCeresFeastscalledAmbarvaliaDescribedbyVirgil,,CHAPTERXVmThemisOriginandAttributesAstrseachangedintotheConstellationVirgoErigoneNemesisHerOfficeTemp'eofNemesisatBhamnusCHAPTERXTXThMusesTheirNumber,NamesandAttributesWhytiereareNinaMusesPunishmentoftheDaughtersofPierusCHAPTERXXGodsoftheWoods,andRuralDeitiesPanNamesgiventothisDeityHisOriginHowrepresenteaFamousActionrelatedofPanOriginofPan'sReodsSatyrsandFaunsTerminusVertumnusPalesContentsCHAPTERy*T•licddessesoftheWoodsDianaParentageandAttributesofthisGoddessHowrepresentedHabitsofDianaHerAttendantsPunishmentofChioneStoryofNiobeTempleofDianaatEphesusBurnedbyErostratusDespoiledbyNeroPlunderedbytheGothsNymphsNaiadesOreadesOceanidesDryadesandHamadryadesArethusaStoryofEchoTransformationofNarcissusCHAPTERXXHSodaoftheSeaNeptunePoseidonParentageoftheGodHowrepresentedOfficesofNeptuneFeastsheldatRomeinliisHonorChildrenofNeptuneTritonPhorcusorProteusSirensUlyssesOrpheusScyllaandCharybdisMelicertesThetisGlaucusMCHAPTERtytttInfernalDeitiesPlutoHadesParentageoftheGodHisEingdocRepresentationsandEmblemsDisPlutusHellCerberusFatesFuriesJudgesoftheDeadPunishmentinflictedontheCondemnedGiantsIxionSisyphusTantalusTheBelidesSalmoueusElysiumCHAPTERXXIVFabulousMonstersCentaursGeryonHarpiesBriareusTheChimaeraExplanationofthisFableTheSphinxFabulousHistoryStatueoftheSphinxinEgyptCHAPTERXXVHouseholdDivinitiesPenatesOfficesandAttributesLaresTheirOfficesSicrincesofferedtotheGoddessManiaHonorspaidtotheLaresVirtuesworshippedasDivinitiesCHAPTERXXVIDemigodsandHeroesTheirOriginHerculesHisParentageTwelveLaborsoftheHeroFieldofNarbonneDeathofHerculesIllCHAPTERXXVIIJasonExpeditioninsearchoftheGoldenFletceMedeaHerRevengeTheseusTributeimposedontheAtheniansDepartureofTheseusDestructionoftheMinotaurAriadneDeathofiEgeusIllContentsCHAPTERXXVHLCaitotAndPolluxTheirParentageDeathofCastorConstellationGeminiPrometheusHisParentageHisImpietyPandora'sBoxPunishmentofPrometheusCHAPTERXXIXOrpheusStoryofEuryojceDeathofOrpheusTransformationofThracianWomenintoTreesArionAmphion•CHAPTERXXXAtlasHisParentageTransformedbyPerseusintoaMountainExplanationoftheFablePleiadesHyadesHesperidesOrionHisParentag,ExploitsandDeathTransformationintoaConstellationPerseusHisParentageRescueofAndromedaDeathofAcrisiusCHAPTERXXXT,BellerophonVictoryovertheChimaeraHisPresumptionanditsPunishmentDeucalionLegendoftherepeoplingoftheEarthaftertheDelugeProbableExplanationDaedalusLabyrinthDeathofIcarusCeyxAlcyoneHalcyonBirdsCHAPTERinYTTMeleagerTheCalydonianHuntErisichthon,NisusandScyllaCHAPTERXXXTITPoetsofClassicFableHomerHesiodVirgilOvid*CHAPTERXXXTVEeroesCelebratedbythePoetsAgamemnonSacrificeofIphigeniaQuarrelwithAchillesMurderofAgamemnonbyiEgisthusandClytemnestraAchillesHisParentageDiscoveredbyUlyssesattheCourtofLycomedesHisQuarrelwithAgamemnonDeathofPatroclusExploitsduringtheSiegeDeathofAchillesSacrificeofPolyxenaTransformationofHecubaLSICHAPTERXXXVUlyssesHisMarriagewithPenelopeFeignedInsanityExploitsduringtheSiegeofTroyLotusEatersSlayingoftheSacredCattlebytheSailorsTheirdestructionUlyssesintheIslandofCalypsoCastontheShoresofPhaeaciaHisArrivalinIthacaSuitorsoiPenelopeHerDeliverancebyUlyssesIffContentsCHAPTERXXXVLOrestesEducationattheCourtofStrophiusPylwiesMurderofClytemnestraOrestespursuedbytheFuriesDiscoveryofIphigeniaatTaurisCircumstancesaddedbytheTragicPoetsHectorCharacterandExploitsoftheHerohisDeathFateofAstyan»x(EdipusEteoclesandPolynicesThebanWarHeroismofAntigoneCHAPTERXXXVIIJEneasHisParentageHisFlightfromTroyInterviewwithAndromacheatEpirusProphecyofHelenusiEneasdrivenbyaStormontheCoastofAfricaReceivedbyDidoatCarthageDepartureofiEneasDeathofDidoFuneralGamesDescentintotheInfernalRegionsLandingofiEneasinItalyWarDeathofTurnusandMarriageofiEneaswithLaviniaHisDeathCHAPTERXXXVHLSibylsStoryoftheCumaeanSibylLegendoftheSibyllineBooksTheirdestructionOpinionsenteitainedregardingtheseVersesDivinationbyOmensTheAugursDifferentClassesofOmensAnecdoteCHAPTERXXXIXOraclesOracleofJupiteratDodonaMannerofgivingResponsesOracleofDelphiAccountgivenbyDiodorusThePythiaRemarkableResponsesUnsuccessfulattemptsmadetoplunderthisTempleDespoiledbyNeroandothcisOracleofTropboniusStoryoftheHeroandhisBrotherAgamedesDiscoveryoftheOraclePeculiarRitesobservedbytheVotariesOracleofJupiterAmmonItsSituationTemplefoundedbyBacchusExpeditionsentbyCambysesRuinsstillexistingFonsSolisAccountgivenbyBelzoniOracleofEsculapiusatEpidaurusRemarkableEmbassysenttoEpidaurusbytheRomanSenateTreatmentofVotariesinthedifferentOraclesofEsculapiusOracleoftheCastalianFountAnecdoteoftheEmperorHadrianOpinionsentertainedyithregardtotheseOraclesQuotationfromMilton,CHAPTERXLClassicGamesWhyconnectedwithMythologyOlympicGamesByWhominstitutedTimeandManneroftheircelebrationOlynaContentspiadsNatureoftheContestsQualificationsrequiredoftheCompetitorsPrizeawardedtotheVictorsHonorsbestowedHorseatdChariotRacesPhilipofMacedonAlcibiadesCyniscaIntedeotualContestsHerodotusDionysiusPythianGamesBywhominstitutedTimeoftheirCelebrationPrizeNemeanGamesCrownsbestowedIsthmianGamesWhysocalledInstitutedinHonorofMeucertesGarlandbestowedontheVictorCHAPTERXHrheGreekDramaPeculiaritiesoftheGreekTheatreDescriptionoftheTheatreofBacchusatAthensStageMachineryDressoftheActorsMasksTheChorusMeasuresoftheChoralDanceChorusoftheFuriesStoryofIbycusAttemptmadeUrevivetheAncientChorusTimeoccupiedbyTheatricalEntertainmentsTheircostComparisonwiththeRomanAmphitheatreCHAPTERXLHCelebratedStatuesTheOlympianJupiterMinervaoftheParthenonSubsequentFateofthisTempleApolloBelvidereDianaalaBicheflPARTIICHAPTERIEgyptianDivinitiesOsirisApisandSerapisParentageofOsirisHisDeathandSepultureIsisAttributesEmblematicrepresentationRitesofIsisforbiddenatRomeCondemnedbyJuvenalApisManneroftransmigrationFestivalsinHonorofApisDiscoveryofaSuccessorOraclesobtainedfromthisDivinityGermanicusHarpocratesQuotationfCHAPTERHEasternMythologyDivinitiesoftheAssyriansBaalorBelTowerofBabelProperNamesathePhoeniciansandCarthaginians"WorshipofBaalintroducedamongtheIsraelitesbyAchabReproachesofJeremiasMolochNationsdevotedtohisWorshipHumanSacrificesRepresentationofthisGodHisWorshipforbiddenbyMosesValleyofHinnomQuotationfromMiltonAshtarothorAstarteSacrificesinHonorofthisGoddessAbusesattendingherFestivalsThammuzidenticalwithAdonisMournedbytheAssyrianWomenLinesfromMiltonVisionofEzekiclCannesDagonHIContentsCHAPTERHLPersiaTheZendavestaDoctrinesofZoroasterOrmuzdorDnnaavdesAliriruanWorshipoiFireTneGuebersPerpetualFiresBakooMagicandAstrologyParseesofHindostan'illCHAPTERIVCjidooMythologyBrahma,TheVedasDoctrineoftheVedasBrahma,VishnuandSivaOfficesoftheseDeitiesAvatarsofVishnuKrishnaSivaDoctrinesregardingtheSoulMetempsychosisCastesBuddhaHisDoctrinesBuddhismsuppressedinIndiaCHAPTERVChinaAbsenceofanyStateReligioninChinaDoctrineoftheLetteredConfuciusHisWritingsHonorspaidhiminChina,DifficultiesoccasionedamongChristianMissionariesLaotze,founderoftheReligionofTaoorReasonHisWritingsChineseBuddhistsTempleofBuddhaatPoutouGeneralFeelingoftheChinesewithregardtoReligionCHAPTERVLThibetTheGrandLamaPrevailingReligionofThibetandTartaryLamaserfesTheGrandLama,aPerpetualIncarnationofBuddhaHistransmigrationsModeofdiscoveringhisSuccessorCHAPTERVILMythologyofScandinaviaComparedwiththatofGreeceandRomeTheEddasAccountoftheCreationFormoftheEarthAsgard,OdinNamesofthisDeityValhalla,ThorRecoveryofThor'sHammerFieyandFreyaBragiHeimdallVidarHodurTheValkyriorLokiandhisProgenyDeathofBaldurHisFuneralLoki'sPunishmentTheElvesRunicLettersRagnarok,theTwilightoftheGodsCHAPTErYinCelticMythologyDruidismDerivationoftheWordDruidOriginofDruidicalWorshipAccountgivenbyCaesarCharacteristicsDivinitiesworshippedbytheDruidsEsusHisAttributesBelTeutatesCamulTarannPriestsThirDutiesBardsTheirtntnencesDruids,properlysocalledSacredPlantsMysticWritingoftheDruidsTheirPoliticalAuthorityDruidessesOftheLoireOftheIslandofSen»HumanSacrificesofferedbyVruidessesVirginsofTaraSacrificesofferedbytheDruidsVictimschosenBeliefoftheDruidsinaFutureStateFestivalsContestsioftheDruidsFestivalSolsticesBeltaneorBealtimeCeremoniesobservedinIrelandStPatrickatTaraFirstofNovemberBretonLegendSuperstitiousPracticesbelongingtotheDaySuppressionofDruidisminGaulInEnglandMonaIonaDruidicalMonumentsMenhirsDolmensCromlechsStonehengeCarnacPopularSuperstitionsCHAPTERIXMexicoMythologyoftheAztecsItsPeculiarCharacteristicsBeliefoftheAztecswithregardtotheSupremeBeingSubordinateDeitiesHuitzilopotchliLegendofQuetzalcoatlHouseholdDivinitiesBeliefoftheAztecswithregardtoaFutureStateSingularCeremonyBitesofBurialAztecPriestsPriestessesMexicanTemplesPyramidofCholulaSacrificesTheirNumberVictimsofferedannuallytoIetzcatlipocaCannibalRepastsMontezuma*CHAPTERXMythologyoftheAncientPeruviansBeliefinOneGodWorshipoftheSunMoon,andStarsLegendofMancoCapacPretendedOriginoftheIncaRaceLegendoftheDelugeTraditionofWhiteMenfromtheEastTempleoftheSunintheIslandofTiticacaTempleofCuzcoPeruvianPriesthoodSacrificesofferedtotheSunFestivalsoftheSunFeastofRaymiResemblanceofcertainPeruvianRitestothoseobservedbytheAncientRomansVirginsoftheSunBurialRitesofthePeruviansCupaySUPPLEMENTNoticeofAuthors,etc,mentionedinthisVolumeiEschyluaCsesarCiceroDemosthenesDiodorusEuripidesHerodotusJustinJuvenalMaecenasPelasgiPliniuaProcopiuaSimonitte*SophoclosStraboTiticacaVarroCMYTHOLOGYCHAPTERIQuesWhatisMythologyAnsThiswordisderivedfromtheGreek,Mythos,amythorfable,andlogos,adiscourseAmythis,properlyspeaking,anallegoryorfableinventedtoconveysomeimportantmoralorreligionstruthrorillustratesomeoperationofnatureMythologyincludesalsothehistoricalmyths,orthenarrativesofgods,demigods,andheroes,whichwerecurrentamongtheheatheninancienttimesQuesWhyisitnecessarytobecomeacquaintedwiththosefablesAnsBecauseancientliteratureandartcannotbefullyunderstoodorappreciatedwithoutsomeknowledgeofMythologyItwasmingledwitheverythemeoftheclassicpoe^andinMythologyspiredthehighestskillofthepainterandsculptorThesesubjectskeeptheirplacetosomeextentinmodernart,andmythologicalallusionsaresofrequentinburliteraturethatanacquaintancewithclassicfableisconsideredanecessarypartofaliberaleducationQuesDidalltheheathennationsworshipthesamedeitiesArtsThemythologyofdifferentnationsvariedastothenamesandattributesoftheirdivinitiesThereare,nevertheless,somanypointsofresemblance,thatitisbelievedbymanythattheprincipalmythicalsystemshadonecommonoriginTotracetheseanalogies,andthedevelopmentswhichgaverisetosogreatadiversity,istheprovinceofcomparativemythologyQuesInwhatimportantpointdoallthesesystemsagreeAnsIntheriteofsacrificeWemeeteverywherethesameofferings:flowers,firstfruits,libationsofmilk,honey,andwinealsosacrificesofanimals,whichwereeitherpartakenofbythevotariesorconsumedasholocaustsuponthealtarThismodeofworshipvariedbutlittleinceremonial,andthesacrificesofthedifferentheathennationsresembled,intheirexteriorform,thoseofferedtothetrueGodbytheancientpatriarchsTheiden,ofpropitiatingthedeityinsuchamanMythologynerseemstohavebeenuniversalbothintheoldandthenewworld,andweareforcedtobelievethatitwasdrawnfromacommonfountofprimevaltraditionQuesHowdidthebeliefintheheathendeitiesoriginateAnsWhentheearlytraditionsofthehumanracebecamecorrupt,thesublimeideaofoneGod,selfexistentandeternal,waslostorobscuredWefindit,thoughvaguelyperhaps,inthecharacterandattributesofcertaindivinities,astheZeus(Jupiter)oftheGreek,andtheAlfadurofScandinavianmythologyTherearepassagesintheearlyGreekpoetswhichshowclearlyabeliefintheunityofGodIntheversesattributedtothemythicpoetOrpheus,andgenerallyknownasOrphicRemains,wefindthefollowing:"OneselfexistentlivescreatedthingsArisefromhimandHeisallinallNomortalsightmayseeHim,yetHimselfSeesallthatlive******ForHealoneAllheavenlyis,andallterrestrialthingsArewroughtbyHimFirst,midstandlastheholdsWithHisomnisci

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[英文版][古埃及][古希腊罗马][古亚述]神话学习手册

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