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首页 *新书上架*【中世纪研究】中世纪社会和文化百科全书

*新书上架*【中世纪研究】中世纪社会和文化百科全书.pdf

*新书上架*【中世纪研究】中世纪社会和文化百科全书

九月虺
2010-01-28 0人阅读 0 0 0 暂无简介 举报

简介:本文档为《*新书上架*【中世纪研究】中世纪社会和文化百科全书pdf》,可适用于人文社科领域

PamJCrabtree,EditorinChiefENCYCLOPEDIAofMedievalWorldSocietyandCultureintheEncyclopediaofSocietyandCultureintheMedievalWorldCopyright©byInfobasePublishingAllrightsreservedNopartofthisbookmaybereproducedorutilizedinanyformorbyanymeans,electronicormechanical,includingphotocopying,recording,orbyanyinformationstorageorretrievalsystems,withoutpermissioninwritingfromthepublisherForinformation,contact:FactsOnFile,IncAnimprintofInfobasePublishingWeststStreetNewYorkNYLibraryofCongressCataloginginPublicationDataEncyclopediaofsocietyandcultureinthemedievalworldPamJCrabtree,editorinchiefpcmIncludesbibliographicalreferencesandindexISBN:(set)ISBN:(set)Civilization,MedievalEncyclopediasCivilizationHistoryEncyclopediasICrabtree,PamJCBEdcFactsOnFilebooksareavailableatspecialdiscountswhenpurchasedinbulkquantitiesforbusinesses,associations,institutions,orsalespromotionsPleasecallourSpecialSalesDepartmentinNewYorkat()or()YoucanfindFactsOnFileontheWorldWideWebathttp:wwwfactsonfilecomTextdesignbyJamesScottoLavinoCoverdesignbyTakeshiTakahashiMapsbyDaleWilliamsPrintedintheUnitedStatesofAmericaVBHermitageThisbookisprintedonacidfreepaperandcontainspercentpostconsumerrecycledcontentContentsAdvisersandContributorsvListofIllustrationsxiListofMapsandPrimarySourceDocumentsxixPrefacexxiiiIntroductionxxvVolumeIadornmentagriculturealchemyandmagicarchitectureartastronomybordersandfrontiersbuildingtechniquesandmaterialscalendarsandclockschildrencitiesclimateandgeographyclothingandfootwearcraftscrimeandpunishmentVolumeIIdeathandburialpracticesdramaandtheatereconomyeducationempiresanddynastiesemploymentandlaborexplorationfamilyfestivalsfoodanddietforeignersandbarbariansforestsandforestrygenderstructuresandrolesgovernmentorganizationhealthanddiseasehouseholdgoodshunting,fishing,andgatheringilluminationinventionsVolumeIIIlanguagelawsandlegalcodesliteraturemetallurgymigrationandpopulationmovementsmilitarymillsandmillingmining,quarrying,andsaltmakingmoneyandcoinagemusicandmusicalinstrumentsnaturaldisastersnomadicandpastoralsocietiesnumbersandcountingoccupationspandemicsandepidemicsreligionandcosmologyresistanceanddissentroadsandbridgesVolumeIVsacredsitesscandalsandcorruptionscienceseafaringandnavigationsettlementpatternsshipsandshipbuildingslavesandslaverysocialcollapseandabandonmentsocialorganizationsportsandrecreationstorageandpreservationtextilesandneedleworktownsandvillagestradeandexchangetransportationwarandconquestweaponryandarmorweightsandmeasureswritingGlossaryChronologybyRegionGeneralBibliographyIndex�AdvisersandContributorsEDItorInChIEfPamJCrabtreeAssociateProfessorofAnthropologyNewYorkUniversityADVISoryBoArDMarioAzevedoProfessorofEpidemiologyandBiostatisticsProfessorofHistoryandScholarinResidenceJacksonStateUniversityrhuntDavisProfessorEmeritusofHistoryandAfricanStudiesUniversityofFloridaLauraLeeJunkerAssociateProfessorofAnthropology,DirectorofGraduateStudiesUniversityofIllinoisatChicagoEloiseQuiñonesKeberProfessorofArtHistoryBaruchCollegeandTheGraduateCenteroftheCityUniversityofNewYorkSMGhazanfarProfessorofEconomicsEmeritusUniversityofIdahoContrIButorSCharlesWAbbott,PhD,iscurrentlyrevisinghisdissertationonNigerianhometownassociationsandethnicunionstowardabookHischapter“NigeriansinNorthAmerica:Newfrontiers,oldassociations”appearsintheeditedvolumeTheNewAfricanDiasporainNorthAmerica(LexingtonBooks)olutayoCharlesAdesina,PhD,teachesattheDepartmentofHistory,UniversityofIbadan,NigeriaHeistheauthorof“TheUndergroundForeignExchangeMarketinIbadanduringDevaluation,”inMoneyStrugglesandCityLife:DevaluationinIbadanandOtherUrbanCentresinSouthernNigeria,–(),and“TeachingHistoryinTwentiethCenturyNigeria:TheChallengesofChange,”inHistoryinAfrica:AJournalofMethod,vol()MassoudAbdelAlimisawriter,editor,andtrainerforFortunecompaniesHehasanMSandMBAandhaswrittenformanybusinessandmedicalpublicationsHehaslivedintheArabworldandisespeciallyinterestedinIslamichistoryMarkWAllen,PhD,isassociateprofessorofanthropologyintheDepartmentofGeographyandAnthropologyatCaliforniaStatePolytechnicUniversity,PomonaHismostrecentpublicationsincludecoeditingTheArchaeologyofWarfare:PrehistoriesofRaidingandConquest(UniversityPressofFlorida,)and“HillfortsandtheCyclingofMaoriChiefdoms:DoGoodFencesMakeGoodNeighbors”inRReycraftandJRailey(eds),GlobalPerspectivesontheCollapseofComplexSociety(UniversityofNewMexicoPress,)MiguelArisaisfinishinghisdoctoralstudiesinarthistoryattheGraduateCenter,CityUniversityofNewYorkHeteachesatTechnicalCareerInstitutesandisaregularlecturerattheCloistersandadocentattheMetropolitanMuseumofArt,NewYorkroseAslanisagraduatestudentinArabandIslamiccivilizationsattheAmericanUniversityinCairo,EgyptHerresearchinterestsincludeSufihermeneutics,Qur’anicexegesis,andIslamictheologyPeriBearmanisassociatedirectoroftheIslamicLegalStudiesProgramatHarvardLawSchoolShefoundedthejournalIslamicLawandSocietyandisaneditoroftheEncyclopaediaofIslam,NewEdition,andcoeditor,withRudolphPetersandFrankEVogel,ofTheIslamicSchoolofLaw:Evolution,Devolution,andProgress(Cambridge,Mass)and,withWolfhartHeinrichsandBernardGWeiss,ofTheLawApplied:ContextualizingtheIslamicShari‘a(IBTauris,)AnarticlebyherhandonIslamiclawincontemporaryapplicationappearsinOxford’sEncyclopediaoftheModernWorld(OxfordUniversityPress,)KirkhBeetz,PhD,emeritus,haspublishedovertwodozenbooksandmorethanarticlesHisbooksspantopicsfromendangeredmammalspeciestochildren’sliterature,includingExploringCSLewis’“TheChroniclesofNarnia”()HisrecentwritingshavefocusedonthehistoryandcultureofancientJapanAnneBerthelot(DocteurèsLettres)isprofessorofFrenchandmedievalstudiesattheUniversityofConnecticutShespecializesinArthurianliteraturewithacomparatistapproachShehaspublishedseveralbooksonthistopic,includingKingArthurandtheRoundTableand,morerecently,LaLégendeduroiArthurAmyhackneyBlackwellhasdegreesinhistoryfromDukeUniversityandVanderbiltUniversityandaJDfromtheUniversityofVirginiaHerbooksincludeMythologyforDummies(),LSATforDummies(),TheEverythingIrishHistoryandHeritageBook(),andEssentialDictionaryofLaw()ShehascontributedtotheEncyclopediaofWorldNationsandCultures(),AlternativeEnergy(),andChemicalCompounds()robertBollt,PhD,(UniversityHawai’iatMānoa,),specializesinthearchaeologyofEastPolynesiaHisconcentrationisontheAustralIslands,wherehefoundandexcavatedtheearliestknownsitetodateHeistheauthorofPeva:theArchaeologyofanAustralIslandSettlement(BishopMuseumPress,)HehasalsoexcavatedsitesinHawai’iandtheMarquesasPrimaryinterestsincludePolynesiamaterialculture(mainlylithics),andpatternsoflongdistanceexchangeamongislands,whichisachievedbyusinggeochemicalsourcinganalysestotracestonetoolstotheirgeologicalsourceoforiginHealsoenjoysexperimentalarchaeology,especiallyadzemakingAdditionalinterestsincludePolynesiansubsistencestrategies,humanenvironmentrelations,sociopoliticaltransformation,andwarfareScottDBriggsisafreelancewriter,essayist,andcriticwhohasbeenactiveintheprofessional,amateurandsmallpressliteraryfieldsformorethanyears,specializinginhorror,fantasy,andsciencefictionliteraturefilmandrockandroll,pop,alternative,andmodernclassicalmusicHehaswrittenessaysforupcomingcriticalanthologiesonthepopularauthorsThomasHarrisandWilliamPeterBlattyforMcFarlandCoandessaysandreviewsforvariouspublicationsandmusicandartsjournals,includingNecronomiconPress,NYArtsMagazine,andTheBigTakeovermusicmagazineflordeliztBugarin,PhD,currentlyteachesculturalanthropologyandarchaeologyatHowardUniversityShehaswrittenarticlesonchildreninthearchaeologicalrecord,Africanstudies,andhistoricalarchaeologyGregoryrCampbellisprofessorofanthropologyattheUniversityofMontana,MissoulaHeistheauthorofnumerousworksaboutindigenouspeoplesofNorthAmericaAliceVClark,PhD,isassociateprofessorandcoordinatorofmusichistoryandliteratureatLoyolaUniversityNewOrleansHerscholarship,whichfocusesonaspectsofthemedievalmotet,appearsinTheJournalofMusicology,TheJournalofMusicologicalResearch,andPlainsongandMedievalMusic,aswellascollectionssuchasFauvelStudies,andshehascontributedanarticleonthemedievalmotettotheOnlineReferenceBookforMedievalStudies(theorbnet)JuliaMartaClappispursuingherdoctorateinarthistoryattheGraduateCenter,CityUniversityofNewYorkHerresearchinterestsincludemodernandpreColumbianLatinAmericanartLeahAJCohenisanindependentwriterandeditorialconsultantwithamaster’sdegreeingeographyfromtheUniversityofFloridaShespecializesinAfricaareastudiesandfoodsecurityShewasaseniorauthorfortheEncyclopediaofAfricanHistoryandCulture,volumesand()JustinCorfield,PhD,teacheshistoryandinternationalrelationsatGeelongGrammarSchool,AustraliaHeisthecoauthorofHistoricalDictionaryofCambodia()andhaswrittenextensivelyonAsia,Australia,andEuropeancolonialhistoryArdenDeckerisaPhDcandidateinthehistoryofartattheGraduateCenter,CityUniversityofNewYorkHerresearchinterestsincludeMesoamericanartaswellasmodernandcontemporaryartofMexicoKathrynMdeLuna,MA,teachesandiscompletingherdoctorateinAfricanhistoryatNorthwesternUniversityHerresearchusesalternativesources,particularlythereconstructionofdeadlanguages,toelucidateearlyAfricaneconomic,social,andpoliticallifehaigDerhoussikian,PhD,isprofessoremeritus(),linguistics,attheUniversityofFlorida,GainesvilleHisresearchandpublicationinterestsareinmorphology,Creolization,andsubSaharanAfrica�i Ad�isers and ContributorsKathrynDickasonisagraduatestudentinreligiousstudiesatNewYorkUniversityHerpreviousprojectshaveexploredmedievalreligiouswomen,hereticalmovements,andhagiographiesSheiscurrentlyengagedinarthistoricalresearchcenteredontheperformativeandliturgicalfunctionsofreligiousiconographyintheMiddleAgesProfDrDetlevEllmersisnowretiredFromtohewasdirectoroftheGermanMaritimeMuseumatBremerhavenHeisauthorofstudiesinmaritimearchaeologyandmaritimehistoryKarenEflint,PhD,teachesAfricanhistoryattheUniversityofNorthCarolina,CharlotteSheistheauthorofseveraljournalarticlesandanupcomingbookonthehistoryofhealthandhealinginSoutheasternAfrica(OhioUniversityPress)AlessiafrassaniisaPhDcandidateattheGraduateCenteroftheCityUniversityofNewYorkHerresearchinterestsincludetheartandcivilizationsofancientOaxacaandissuessurroundingtheculturalinteractionbetweentheOldandNewWorldsJJGeorgeisworkingonhisPhDattheGraduateCenter,CityUniversityofNewYorkHisresearchareaispreColumbianartandarchitectureMohammadGharipourisvisitinglectureratSouthernPolytechnicStateUniversityandaPhDcandidateattheCollegeofArchitectureatGeorgiaInstituteofTechnologyHehaspublishedextensivelyinmagazines,journals,encyclopedias,andmonographsHisareaofexpertiseisarchitectureandgardendesigninIslamiccountriesSMGhazanfar,PhD,isprofessorofeconomics(,emeritus,)attheUniversityofIdaho,Moscowhecontinuestoteachoccasionally(,)asadjunctfacultyHisrecentbooksincludeaneditedvolume,MedievalIslamicEconomicThought:Fillingthe“GreatGap”inEuropeanEconomics(RoutledgeCurzon,)andIslamicCivilizationHistory,Contributions,andInfluence:ACompendiumofLiterature(ScarecrowPress,)HealsocontributedtothePBStelevisiondocumentaryIslam:EmpireofFaithSebastianGuenther,PhD,isassociateprofessorattheDepartmentofNearandMiddleEasternCivilizations,UniversityofToronto,CanadaHisresearchfocusesonclassicalArabicliteratureandtheintellectualhistoryofIslamHismostrecentpublicationsincludetheeditedvolumeIdeas,Images,andMethodsofPortrayal:InsightsintoClassicalArabicLiteratureandIslam(Brill),contributionstotheEncyclopaediaoftheQur’an,and“MedievalMuslimThinkersonEducationalTheory”(ComparativeEducationReview)HeiscurrentlywritingabookonIslam’sclassicalphilosophiesofeducationKennethrhall,PhD,isprofessorofhistoryatBallStateUniversity,teachingassortedcoursesinAsianandcomparativeworldhistoryHispublicationsincludeMaritimeDiasporasintheIndianOcean,(Brill,)StructureandSocietyinEarlySouthIndia(Oxford,)MaritimeTradeandStateDevelopmentinEarlySoutheastAsia(Hawaii,)TradeandStatecraftintheAgeoftheColas(Abhinav,)TheOriginofSoutheastAsianStatecraft(Michigan,),andtheextendedstudyof“AnEconomicHistoryofEarlySoutheastAsia”intheCambridgeHistoryofSoutheastAsia()GeorgehambrechtisadoctoralcandidateattheCUNYGraduateCenterinNewYorkCityHehaspublishedinArchaeologicaIslandicaandtheStanfordJournalofArchaeologyandhaspapersinpressinanupcomingvolumeofHistoricalEcologyJeanShepherdhamm,PhD,isassistantprofessorintheClemmerCollegeofEducationatEastTennesseeStateUniversitySheholdsbachelor’sandmaster’sdegreesfromRadfordUniversityandadoctoratefromVirginiaTechInadditiontoherworktrainingfutureteachers,herinterestsincludewriting,history,literature,andwomen’sstudiesMuhammedhassanaliisanindependentscholarofIslamicstudiesinCleveland,OhioHehascontributedtoEncyclopediaofAntislaveryandAbolition(Greenwood)andtoTheGreenwoodEncyclopediaofLove,Courtship,andSexualitythroughHistory(Greenwoodforthcoming)Angelaherren,PhD,teachespreColumbianartandarchitectureasanassistantprofessorintheDepartmentofArtandLatinAmericanStudiesattheUniversityofNorthCarolinaatCharlotteAspecialistonpaintedmanuscriptsfromcentralMexico,shecompletedadissertationentitled“PortrayingtheMexicaPast:AComparativeStudyofAccountsofOrigininCodexAzcatitlan,CodexBoturni,andCodexAubin”BrethinschreceivedhisPhDinhistoryandEastAsianlanguagesfromHarvardUniversityandiscurrentlyprofessorofhistoryatFoguangUniversityinTaiwanHeisauthorofWomeninEarlyImperialChina(RowmanLittlefield,)rasheedhosein,ABD,iscurrentlythedirectorofoutreachfortheCenterforMiddleEasternStudiesattheUniversityofChicagoandaninstructorofArabiclanguageandliteraturefortheGrahamSchoolofGeneralStudiesattheUniversityofChicagoHisdissertationtopicisThaqifandQurayshinthelateJahiliyyahandearlyIslamicperiods(AD)CharlesBhutchison,PhD,isanassistantprofessorattheUniversityofNorthCarolinaatCharlotteHeistheauthorAd�isers and Contributors �iiofTeachinginAmerica:ACrossCulturalGuideforInternationalTeachersandTheirEmployersandtheforthcomingTeachingDiverseandUrbanLearners,andtherecipientofRecognitionandKeytotheCityofBostonHisarticleshaveappearedinseveraljournals,includingPhiDeltaKappan,InterculturalEducation,CulturalStudiesofScienceEducation,andSchoolScienceandMathematicsHealsohassignificantinternationaleducationalexperiencesHeteachesandprovidesprofessionaldevelopmentworkshopsinscienceeducation,urbaneducation,andinternationalandcrossculturaleducationSuhailIslam,PhD,teachesworldandcomparativeliteratureandAsianstudiesatNazarethCollegeofRochesterHewrote“BengalFamine,”whichappearedinTheHistoricalCompaniontoPostcolonialLiterature(EdinburghUniversityPress,)Achapterentitled“TheWretchedoftheNations,”writtenwithSyedHasssan,appearsinthebookGenocide,WarCrimes,andtheWest:TheCultureofImpunity(ZedBooks,)DollyJørgenseniscurrentlyaPhDcandidateinhistoryattheUniversityofVirginiaShehasworkedforoveryearsinenvironmentalengineeringconsultingandhasresearchedenvironmentalissuesinthemedievalperiod,includingforestrymanagementandurbansanitationKeithJordan,ABD,MPhil,isaPhDcandidateinpreColumbianarthistoryattheGraduateCenteroftheCityUniversityofNewYorkHeiscurrentlyfinishinghisdoctoraldissertation,entitled“StoneTreesTransplantedCentralMexicanStelaeoftheEpiclassicandEarlyPostclassicandtheQuestionofMaya‘Influence’”LauraLeeJunker,PhD,isaprofessorintheDepartmentofAnthropologyattheUniversityofIllinoisatChicagoandanadjunctcuratorattheFieldMuseumofNaturalHistoryinChicagoShespecializesinthearchaeologyofhistoricperiodSoutheastAsia,witharchaeologicalprojectsinthePhilippines,Laos,andVietnamSheistheauthorofRaiding,TradingandFeasting:ThePoliticalEconomyofPhilippineChiefdoms(UniversityofHawaiiPress,)andthecoauthorofForagerTradersinSouthandSoutheastAsia:LongTermHistories(CambridgeUniversityPress,)BashirAKazimee,AIA,isprofessorofarchitectureatWashingtonStateUniversityHeistheauthorofPlace,MeaningandFormintheArchitectureandUrbanStructureofEasternIslamicCitieswithRahmani(EdwinMellenPress,)Hiscollaborativeproject“SustainableDevelopment:AComprehensiveUrbanRegenerativeProposalforPullman,Washington”wasawardedtheglobalIAAUNGoldMedalbytheInternationalAcademyofArchitectureinnamCKimisadoctoralcandidatein

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