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首页 技术资料-标准-BS EN 62471-2008(R2009)

技术资料-标准-BS EN 62471-2008(R2009).pdf

技术资料-标准-BS EN 62471-2008(R2009)

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2014-01-10 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《技术资料-标准-BS EN 62471-2008(R2009)pdf》,可适用于IT/计算机领域

PhotobiologicalsafetyoflampsandlampsystemsBSEN:raisingstandardsworldwide™NOCOPYINGWITHOUTBSIPERMISSIONEXCEPTASPERMITTEDBYCOPYRIGHTLAWBSIBritishStandardsNationalforewordThisBritishStandardistheUKimplementationofEN:ItwasderivedbyCENELECfromIEC:TogetherwithBSEN:,itsupersedesBSEN:whichiswithdrawnTheCENELECcommonmodificationshavebeenimplementedattheappropriateplacesinthetextandareindicatedbytags(eg)TheUKparticipationinitspreparationwasentrustedtoTechnicalCommitteeEPL,OpticalradiationsafetyandlaserequipmentAlistoforganizationsrepresentedonthiscommitteecanbeobtainedonrequesttoitssecretaryThispublicationdoesnotpurporttoincludeallthenecessaryprovisionsofacontractUsersareresponsibleforitscorrectapplication©BSIISBNICSCompliancewithaBritishStandardcannotconferimmunityfromlegalobligationsAmendmentsissuedsincepublicationAmdNoDateTextaffectedBRITISHSTANDARDBSEN:ThisBritishStandardwaspublishedundertheauthorityoftheStandardsPolicyandStrategyCommitteeonMarchEUROPEANSTANDARDENNORMEEUROPÉENNEEUROPÄISCHENORMSeptemberCENELECEuropeanCommitteeforElectrotechnicalStandardizationComitéEuropéendeNormalisationElectrotechniqueEuropäischesKomiteefürElektrotechnischeNormungCentralSecretariat:ruedeStassart,BBrussels©CENELECAllrightsofexploitationinanyformandbyanymeansreservedworldwideforCENELECmembersRefNoEN:EICSPartiallysupersedesEN:A:A:EnglishversionPhotobiologicalsafetyoflampsandlampsystems(IEC:,modified)Sécuritéphotobiologiquedeslampesetdesappareilsutilisantdeslampes(CEI:,modifiée)PhotobiologischeSicherheitvonLampenundLampensystemen(IEC:,modifiziert)ThisEuropeanStandardwasapprovedbyCENELEConCENELECmembersareboundtocomplywiththeCENCENELECInternalRegulationswhichstipulatetheconditionsforgivingthisEuropeanStandardthestatusofanationalstandardwithoutanyalterationUptodatelistsandbibliographicalreferencesconcerningsuchnationalstandardsmaybeobtainedonapplicationtotheCentralSecretariatortoanyCENELECmemberThisEuropeanStandardexistsinthreeofficialversions(English,French,German)AversioninanyotherlanguagemadebytranslationundertheresponsibilityofaCENELECmemberintoitsownlanguageandnotifiedtotheCentralSecretariathasthesamestatusastheofficialversionsCENELECmembersarethenationalelectrotechnicalcommitteesofAustria,Belgium,Bulgaria,Cyprus,theCzechRepublic,Denmark,Estonia,Finland,France,Germany,Greece,Hungary,Iceland,Ireland,Italy,Latvia,Lithuania,Luxembourg,Malta,theNetherlands,Norway,Poland,Portugal,Romania,Slovakia,Slovenia,Spain,Sweden,SwitzerlandandtheUnitedKingdomEN:ForewordThetextoftheInternationalStandardIEC:,preparedbyIECTC"Opticalradiationsafetyandlaserequipment",togetherwiththecommonmodificationspreparedbytheTechnicalCommitteeCENELECTC,Opticalradiationsafetyandlaserequipment,wassubmittedtotheformalvoteandwasapprovedbyCENELECasENonThisEuropeanStandardpartiallysupersedesEN:corrigendumFebruaryA:A:A:corrigendumAprilThefollowingdateswerefixed:–latestdatebywhichtheENhastobeimplementedatnationallevelbypublicationofanidenticalnationalstandardorbyendorsement(dop)–latestdatebywhichthenationalstandardsconflictingwiththeENhavetobewithdrawn(dow)AnnexZAhasbeenaddedbyCENELECBSEN:©IEC:––CONTENTSFOREWORDINTRODUCTIONSCOPENORMATIVEREFERENCESDEFINITIONS,SYMBOLSANDABBREVIATIONSEXPOSURELIMITSMEASUREMENTOFLAMPSANDLAMPSYSTEMSMeasurementconditionsLampageing(seasoning)TestenvironmentExtraneousradiationLampoperationLampsystemoperationMeasurementprocedureIrradiancemeasurementsRadiancemeasurementsMeasurementofsourcesizePulsewidthmeasurementforpulsedsourcesAnalysismethodsWeightingcurveinterpolationsCalculationsMeasurementuncertaintyLAMPCLASSIFICATIONContinuouswavelampsExemptgroupRiskGroup(LowRisk)RiskGroup(ModerateRisk)RiskGroup(HighRisk)PulsedlampsBSEN:ANNEXA(informative)SUMMARYOFBIOLOGICALEFFECTSBioeffectdatasheet#:InfraredcataractBioeffectdatasheet#:PhotokeratitisBioeffectdatasheet#:PhotoretinitisBioeffectdatasheet#:RetinalthermalinjuryBioeffectdatasheet#:UltravioletcataractBioeffectdatasheet#:UltravioleterythemaANNEXB(informative)MEASUREMENTMETHODBInstrumentationBDoublemonochromator:RecommendedinstrumentBBroadbanddetectors©IEC:––BInstrumentlimitationsBNoiseequivalentirradianceBInstrumentspectralresponseBWavelengthaccuracyBStrayradiantpowerBInputopticsforspectralirradiancemeasurements:RecommendationBLinearityBCalibrationsourcesANNEXC(informative)UNCERTAINTYANALYSISANNEXD(informative)GENERALREFERENCESBSEN:EXPOSURELIMITS(EL’S)GeneralSpecificfactorsinvolvedinthedeterminationandapplicationofretinalexposurelimitsPupildiameterAngularsubtenseofsourceandmeasurementfieldofviewHazardexposurelimitsActinicUVhazardexposurelimitfortheskinandeyeNearUVhazardexposurelimitfortheeyeRetinalbluelighthazardexposurelimitRetinalbluelighthazardexposurelimitsmallsourceRetinalthermalhazardexposurelimitRetinalthermalhazardexposurelimit–weakvisualstimulusInfraredradiationhazardexposurelimitsfortheeyeThermalhazardexposurelimitfortheskinANNEX(informative)ZBANNEX(normative)ZA©IEC:––INTERNATIONALELECTROTECHNICALCOMMISSIONPHOTOBIOLOGICALSAFETYOFLAMPSANDLAMPSYSTEMSFOREWORD)TheInternationalElectrotechnicalCommission(IEC)isaworldwideorganizationforstandardizationcomprisingallnationalelectrotechnicalcommittees(IECNationalCommittees)TheobjectofIECistopromoteinternationalcooperationonallquestionsconcerningstandardizationintheelectricalandelectronicfieldsTothisendandinadditiontootheractivities,IECpublishesInternationalStandards,TechnicalSpecifications,TechnicalReports,PubliclyAvailableSpecifications(PAS)andGuides(hereafterreferredtoas“IECPublication(s)”)TheirpreparationisentrustedtotechnicalcommitteesanyIECNationalCommitteeinterestedinthesubjectdealtwithmayparticipateinthispreparatoryworkInternational,governmentalandnongovernmentalorganizationsliaisingwiththeIECalsoparticipateinthispreparationIECcollaboratescloselywiththeInternationalOrganizationforStandardization(ISO)inaccordancewithconditionsdeterminedbyagreementbetweenthetwoorganizations)TheformaldecisionsoragreementsofIEContechnicalmattersexpress,asnearlyaspossible,aninternationalconsensusofopinionontherelevantsubjectssinceeachtechnicalcommitteehasrepresentationfromallinterestedIECNationalCommittees)IECPublicationshavetheformofrecommendationsforinternationaluseandareacceptedbyIECNationalCommitteesinthatsenseWhileallreasonableeffortsaremadetoensurethatthetechnicalcontentofIECPublicationsisaccurate,IECcannotbeheldresponsibleforthewayinwhichtheyareusedorforanymisinterpretationbyanyenduser)Inordertopromoteinternationaluniformity,IECNationalCommitteesundertaketoapplyIECPublicationstransparentlytothemaximumextentpossibleintheirnationalandregionalpublicationsAnydivergencebetweenanyIECPublicationandthecorrespondingnationalorregionalpublicationshallbeclearlyindicatedinthelatter)IECprovidesnomarkingproceduretoindicateitsapprovalandcannotberenderedresponsibleforanyequipmentdeclaredtobeinconformitywithanIECPublication)Allusersshouldensurethattheyhavethelatesteditionofthispublication)NoliabilityshallattachtoIECoritsdirectors,employees,servantsoragentsincludingindividualexpertsandmembersofitstechnicalcommitteesandIECNationalCommitteesforanypersonalinjury,propertydamageorotherdamageofanynaturewhatsoever,whetherdirectorindirect,orforcosts(includinglegalfees)andexpensesarisingoutofthepublication,useof,orrelianceupon,thisIECPublicationoranyotherIECPublications)AttentionisdrawntotheNormativereferencescitedinthispublicationUseofthereferencedpublicationsisindispensableforthecorrectapplicationofthispublication)AttentionisdrawntothepossibilitythatsomeoftheelementsofthisIECPublicationmaybethesubjectofpatentrightsIECshallnotbeheldresponsibleforidentifyinganyorallsuchpatentrightsTheInternationalStandardIEChasbeensubmittedbytheInternationalCommissiononIllumination(CIE)andhasbeenprocessedthroughIECtechnicalcommittee:OpticalradiationsafetyandlaserequipmentThisstandardwaspreparedasStandardCIES:bytheInternationalCommissiononIlluminationItwassubmittedtotheIECNationalCommitteesforvotingundertheFastTrackProcedureasthefollowingdocuments:FDISReportonvotingFDISRVDFullinformationonthevotingfortheapprovalofthisstandardcanbefoundinthereportonvotingindicatedintheabovetableBSEN:©IEC:––ThispublicationispublishedasadoublelogostandardThecommitteehasdecidedthatthecontentsofthispublicationwillremainunchangeduntilthemaintenanceresultdateindicatedontheIECwebsiteunder"http:webstoreiecch"inthedatarelatedtothespecificpublicationAtthisdate,thepublicationwillbe•reconfirmed,•withdrawn,•replacedbyarevisededition,or•amendedTheInternationalCommissiononIllumination(abbreviatedasCIEfromitsFrenchtitle)isanorganizationdevotedtointernationalcooperationandexchangeofinformationamongitsmembercountriesonallmattersrelatingtothescienceandartoflightingForewordoftheInternationalCommissiononIllumination(CIE)StandardsproducedbytheCommissionInternationaledel’Eclairage(CIE)areaconcisedocumentationofdatadefiningaspectsoflightandlighting,forwhichinternationalharmonyrequiressuchuniquedefinitionCIEStandardsarethereforeaprimarysourceofinternationallyacceptedandagreeddata,whichcanbetaken,essentiallyunaltered,intouniversalstandardsystemsTheCIEundertookamajorreviewoftheofficialrecommendationsonphotobiologicaleffects,theirdoserelationshipsandmeasurementBasedontheguidelinesgivenbytheInternationalCommissiononNonIonisingRadiationProtection(ICNIRP),theCIEundertooktoapplytheseguidelinestolampsandlampsystemsThepresentstandarddescribespresentdayknowledgeofthesubjectbutdoesnotabsolvethosecarryingoutexperimentswithhumansfromtheirresponsibilityforthesafetyandwellbeingofthesubjectsinvolvedThisStandardhasbeenpreparedbyCIETechnicalCommittee,"PhotobiologicalLampSafetyStandard",andwasapprovedbytheNationalCommitteesoftheCIEDuringthepreparationofthestandardIECTCcooperatedwithCIETCthroughtheparticipationofanumberoftheirmembersNOTECIEkindlyacknowledgestheconsentoftheIlluminatingEngineeringSocietyofNorthAmericawhopermittedtouseextensivepartsofthedocumentsANSIIESNARP"PhotobiologicalSafetyforLampsandLampSystems–GeneralRequirements",ANSIIESNARP"PhotobiologicalSafetyforLampsandLampSystems–MeasurementSystemsMeasurementTechniques"andANSIIESNARP"PhotobiologicalSafetyforLampsandLampSystems–RiskGroupClassificationandLabeling"asmuchofthebasisforthisstandard(EachpublicationmaybepurchasedfromPublicationsDepartment,IESNA,WallStreet,thfloor,NewYork,NewYork,byfaxorthroughthewebsite:http:wwwiesnaorg)BSEN:©IEC:––INTRODUCTIONLampsweredevelopedandproducedinlargequantitiesandbecamecommonplaceinanerawhenindustrywidesafetystandardswerenotthenormTheevaluationandcontrolofopticalradiationhazardsfromlampsandlampsystemsisafarmorecomplicatedsubjectthansimilartasksforasinglewavelengthlasersystemTherequiredradiometricmeasurementsarequiteinvolved,fortheydonotdealwiththesimpleopticsofapointsource,butratherwithanextendedsourcethatmayormaynotbealteredbydiffusersorprojectionopticsAlsothewavelengthdistributionofthelampmaybealteredbyancillaryopticalelements,diffusers,lenses,andthelike,aswellasvariationsinoperatingconditionsToevaluate

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