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首页 ASTM F2285 – 04

ASTM F2285 – 04.pdf

ASTM F2285 – 04

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2013-12-30 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《ASTM F2285 – 04pdf》,可适用于工程科技领域

Designation:F–StandardConsumerSafetyPerformanceSpecificationforDiaperChangingTablesforCommercialUseThisstandardisissuedunderthefixeddesignationFthenumberimmediatelyfollowingthedesignationindicatestheyearoforiginaladoptionor,inthecaseofrevision,theyearoflastrevisionAnumberinparenthesesindicatestheyearoflastreapprovalAsuperscriptepsilon(e)indicatesaneditorialchangesincethelastrevisionorreapprovalINTRODUCTIONThissafetyperformancespecificationaddressesdiaperchangingtablesforuseincommercialenvironmentsTheCPSCidentifiedthefollowinginjuriestochildrenassociatedwiththeuseofdiaperchangingtablesintheresidentialenvironment:falls,stability,restraintsystems,latchesandfoldingmechanisms,structuralintegrity,anddeathsduetoentrapmentinopeningsInresponsetotheincidentsdatadevelopedbytheCPSC,thissafetyperformancespecificationattemptstominimizethepreviouslylistedproblemsThisspecificationdoesnotcovertablesthatareblatantlymisused,althoughwarningsandsafetyinstructionsarerequiredtobeprominentlydisplayedonorwitheachtableThisconsumersafetyperformancespecificationisnotintendedtoaddressincidentsandinjuriesresultingfromtheinteractionofotherpersonswithchildrenontablesorincidentsresultingfromunforeseeableabuseormisuseThisconsumersafetyperformancespecificationiswrittenwithinthecurrentstateoftheartofdiaperchangingtabletechnologyItisintendedthatthisspecificationwillbeupdatedwheneversubstantiveinformationbecomesavailablewhichnecessitatesadditionalrequirementsorjustifiestherevisionofexistingrequirementsScopeThisconsumersafetyspecificationestablishessafetyperformancerequirements,testmethods,andlabelingrequirementstominimizethehazardstochildrenpresentedbydiaperchangingtablesasidentifiedintheintroductionThisspecificationisintendedtoapplytodiaperchangingtablesforcommercialuseItisintendedforusewithchildrenuptolbsNodiaperchangingtableproducedaftertheapprovaldateofthisconsumersafetyperformancespecificationshall,eitherbylabelorothermeans,indicatecompliancewiththisspecificationunlessitconformstoallrequirementshereinThevaluesstatedininchpoundunitsaretoberegardedasthestandardThevaluesgiveninparenthesesareforinformationonlyThefollowingprecautionarycaveatpertainsonlytothetestmethodportion,Section,ofthisconsumersafetyspecification:Thisstandarddoesnotpurporttoaddressallofthesafetyconcerns,ifany,associatedwithitsuseItistheresponsibilityoftheuserofthisstandardtoestablishappropriatesafetyandhealthpracticesanddeterminetheapplicabilityofregulatorylimitationspriortouseReferencedDocumentsASTMStandards:DTestMethodsforMeasuringAdhesionbyTapeTestFederalStandards:CFRBanofLeadContainingPaintandCertainConsumerProductsBearingLeadContainingPaintCFRHazardousSubstancesActRegulationsincludingsections:TechnicalRequirementsforDeterminingaSharpPointinToysorOtherArticlesIntendedforUsebyChildrenUnderEightYearsofAgeTechnicalRequirementsforDeterminingaSharpMetalorGlassEdgeinToysorOtherArticlesIntendedforUsebyChildrenUnderEightYearsofAgeTestsMethodsforSimulatingUseandAbuseofToysandOtherArticlesIntendedforUsebyChildrenCFRMethodforIdentifyingToysandOtherArticlesIntendedforUsebyChildrenUnderThreeYearsofAgeWhichPresentChoking,Aspiration,orIngestionHazardsBecauseofSmallPartsOtherDocuments:CAMIInfantDummy,MarkII(seeFig)ThisspecificationisunderthejurisdictionofASTMCommitteeFonConsumerProductsandisthedirectresponsibilityofSubcommitteeFonBabyChangingTablesCommercialCurrenteditionapprovedMay,PublishedMayCopyright©ASTMInternational,BarrHarborDrive,POBoxC,WestConshohocken,PA,UnitedStatesTerminologyDefinitionsofTermsSpecifictoThisStandard:conspicuous,nalabelwhichisvisible,whentheunitisinamanufacturer’srecommendeduseposition,toapersonstandingneartheunitatanyonepositionaroundtheunit,butnotnecessarilyvisiblefromallpositionsmanufacturer’srecommendeduseposition,nanyposition,whichispresentedasanormal,allowable,oracceptableconfigurationforuseoftheproductbythemanufacturerinanydescriptiveorinstructionalliteratureThisspecificallyexcludespositionsthatthemanufacturershowsinalikemannerinitsliteraturetobeunacceptable,unsafe,ornotrecommendedstaticload,naverticallydownwardloadappliedbyadeadweightorothermeansGeneralTestingRequirementsAlltestingshallbeconductedonaconcretefloorthatmaybecoveredwith⁄in(mm)thickvinylfloorcovering,unlesstestinstructsdifferentlyTheunitshallbecompletelyassembled,unlessotherwisenoted,inaccordancewiththemanufacturer’sinstructionsNotestingshallbeconductedwithinhofmanufacturingTheproducttobetestedshallbeinaroomwithanambienttemperatureof°F(°C)foratleasthpriortotestingTestingshallthenbeconductedwithinthistemperaturerangeAlltestingrequiredbythisspecificationshallbeconductedonthesameunitGeneralRequirementsTheunitshallconformtothefederalregulationsspecifiedinsectionofthisspecificationbothbeforeandafteralltestingBeforeandaftertesting,anyexposedpartsshallbesmoothandfreeofsplintersLatchingMechanismsAnyunitthatfolds,andwillnotremainintheopenpositionwithoutforcebeingappliedtoit,shallhavealatchingdeviceorotherprovisioninthedesignthatwillpreventtheunitfromunintentionalfoldingwhenproperlyplacedinthemanufacturer’srecommendedusepositionProductswithlatchingdevicesforpreventionofunintentionalfoldingshallbetestedinaccordancewithDuringanduponcompletionofthistest,theunitshallremainlatchedinitsmanufacturer’srecommendedusepositionOpeningsAnyshapedholes,slots,orcracksthatexistinoraroundthetablethatisinitsmanufacturer’srecommendedusepositionandthatareaccessibletothetoesorfingersoftheoccupant,throughorrecessed,orboth,intothesurfaceofanyrigidmaterialthatadmitain(mm)diameterrod,alsoshalladmitain(mm)diameterrodOpeningsthathaveaminimumdimensionbetweeninandinshallbepermissible,providingthedepthisnogreaterthantheminimumdimensionoftheopeningScissoring,Shearing,Pinching,CrushingThetable,wheninthemanufacturer’srecommendeduseposition,andpartsthatareaccessibletothetoesorfingersoftheoccupantinthetable,shallbedesignedandconstructedtopreventinjuryfromanyscissoring,shearing,orpinchingwhenmembersorcomponentsrotateaboutacommonaxisorfasteningpoint,slide,pivot,fold,orotherwisemoverelativetooneanotherScissoring,shearing,orpinchingexistswhentheedgesoftherigidpartsadmitaprobegreaterthanin(mm)diameterandlessthanin(mm)diameteratanyaccessiblepointthroughouttherangeofmotionofsuchpartsLabelingDecorativelabels,warninglabels,orwarningsapplieddirectlyontothesurfaceoftheproductbyhotstamping,heattransfer,printing,orwoodburning,etc,shallbepermanentwhentestedinaccordancewithTheforcesthataretobeappliedtothesampleinthetestmethodsofthisspecificationareappliedreadilybymeansofacalibratedforcegage,orinthecaseofstaticloadanddynamicloadtestmethods,bycalibratedweightsPerformanceRequirementsStaticLoad:Atableshallsupportastaticloadoflb(kg)whenplacedintheapproximatecenteroftheareaintendedtosupporttheinfantoccupantTestmethodsshallbeperformedinaccordancewithAttheconclusionofthetestmethod,thereshallbenounacceptableconditionsasidentifiedwithinthisspecification(seeNote)NOTEForthepurposeofthisspecification,theunacceptableconditionsthatmightbeidentifiedbythestaticloadtestmethodsshallbetipover,collapseoftheproductoracomponentoftheproduct,sharpedgesorpoints,andsmallpartsRestrainingSystemAllproductscoveredbythisspecificationmusthaveachildrestraintsystemThemanufacturershallattachtherestraintsysteminsuchamannerthatitwillnotbecomedetachedthroughnormalusageTherestraintsystemshallincludeawaistrestraintRestrainingSystemTestmethodsforallrestrainingsystemsshallbeinaccordancewithTheclosingmechanismsshallnotpartorslipmorethanin(mm)TheFIGCAMIDummy,MarkIIF–anchoragesshallnotseparatefromtheirattachmentpointsAttheendofthetests,theCAMIdummyshallnotbereleasedfullyProtectiveComponentsIfachildcangraspcomponentsbetweenthethumbandforefinger,orteeth,suchascaps,sleeves,orplugsusedforprotectionfromsharpedges,points,orentrapmentoffingersortoes,orifthereisatleastain(mm)gapbetweenthecomponentanditsadjacentparentcomponent,suchcomponentshallnotberemovedwhentestedinaccordancewithEdgesAllproductscoveredbythisspecificationmusthaveeitheracontouredsurfaceorbarriersdesignedtoassistinoccupantretentionTestMethodsLatchingMechanismsforPreventionofUnintentionalFolding:Erecttheproductinaccordancewiththemanufacturer’sinstructions,andgraduallyplacealb(kg)weight(similartoalbbagofsugar)inthecenterofthesupportingsurfacePlacetheproductinthemanufacturer’srecommendedusepositionsothatthenormalfoldingmotionisnotimpededApplyaforceoflbf(N)atthelocationnormallyassociatedwiththefoldingactionandinthedirectionnormallyassociatedwithfoldingtheproductinaccordancewiththemanufacturer’sinstructionsGraduallyapplytheforcewithinsandmaintainforanadditionalsNOTEDonotapplythisforceonlatchingorunlatchingmeansitselfRepeatforatotaloffivetimeswithinminFoldtheunitinaccordancewiththemanufacturer’sinstructionsandrepeatoneadditionaltimeStaticLoadTestMethod:Placetheproductinthemanufacturer’srecommendedusepositionPlacethespecifiedweightfromuponabyin(bymm)woodblock⁄in(mm)thickintheunitatthelocationcalledforinGraduallyapplytheweightwithinsandmaintainforanadditionalsRestrainingSystemIntegrityandOccupantRetentionTestMethods:RestrainingSystemIntegrityTestMethod:SecurethetestmodelsothatitcannotmovehorizontallyApplyaforceoflbf(N)toasingleattachmentpointoftherestraintsysteminthenormalusedirection(s)thatstresswouldbeappliedtothatattachmentGraduallyapplytheforcewithinsandmaintainforanadditionalsRepeatforatotaloffivetimeswithamaximumintervalofsbetweentestsRepeatandforeachattachmentpointoftherestraintsystemandfasteningdeviceRestrainingSystemOccupantRetentionTestMethod:PlaceaCAMIInfantDummy,MarkII(seeFig)inthetestunitwiththerestrainingsystemfastenedinaccordancewiththemanufacturer’sinstructionsTightentherestrainingsysteminsuchamannerthataforceoflbf(N)orlesswillprovideatleasta⁄in(mm)spacebetweentherestraintsystemandthedummyThewebbingtensionpulldeviceshown(Fig)isrequiredtodetermineproperrestraintsystemfitPerformthefollowingtestswithoutreadjustingtherestraintsystemApplyapullforceoflbf(N)horizontallyontheapproximatecenterlineofeitherlegofthedummy(attheankle)GraduallyapplytheforcewithinsandmaintainforanadditionalsRepeatforatotaloffivetimeswithamaximumintervalofsbetweentestsTilttheunitalonganaxislineperpendiculartotherestraintsystem°totestforretentionoftheCAMIdummyLabelTestMethod:Alabelshallbeconsideredpermanent,ifduringanattempttoremoveitwithouttheaidoftoolsorsolvents,itcannotberemoved,ittearsintopiecesuponremoval,orsuchactiondamagesthesurfacetowhichitisattachedLabelsattachedbyaseam,exceptwarninglabels,thattearalongaseamonlyanddonotyieldapartwhichfitsentirelywithinthesmallpartscylinderdefinedinCFRarenotconsideredlabels,whichposeachokinghazardandthusarenotrequiredtobepermanentAwarninglabelattachedbyaseamandwhichcanbegraspedbetweenthethumbandforefingerorteethshallnotNoteDimensionA:Widthofwebbingplus⁄in(mm)NoteDimensionB:OnehalfofDimensionAFIGWebbingTensionPullDeviceF–separatefromtheproductortearyieldingasmallpartwhensubjectedtoalbf(N)pullforceappliedusingaclampwitha⁄in(mm)diameterclampingsurfaceAdhesionTestMethodforPrinting:ApplythetapetestmethoddefinedinTestMethodBofTestMethodsDeliminatingtheparallelcutsPerformthistestmethodonceineachdifferentlocationwherewarningsareappliedThewarningstatementswillbeconsideredpermanentiftheprintingintheareatestedisstilllegibleandattachedafterbeingsubjectedtothistestRemovalofProtectiveComponents:AnyprotectivecomponentshallbetestedinaccordancewitheachofthefollowingtestmethodsinthesequencelistedSecuretheunitsothatitcannotmoveduringtheperformanceofthefollowingtestmethodsTorqueTestMethodAtorqueoflbfin(Nm)shallbeappliedevenlywithinaperiodofsinaclockwisedirectionuntilarotationof°fromtheoriginalpositionhasbeenattainedorlbfinhasbeenexceededThetorqueormaximumrotationshallbemaintainedforanadditionalsThetorqueshallthenberemovedandthetestcomponentspermittedtoreturntoarelaxedconditionThisprocedureshallthenberepeatedinacounterclockwisedirectionTensionTestMethod:Attachaforcegagetothecomponentcaps,sleeve,orplugbymeansofanysuitabledeviceForcomponentsthatreasonablycannotbeexpectedtobegraspedbetweenthumbandforefinger,orteeth,ontheirouterdiameterbuthasagapofatleastin(mm)betweentherearsurfaceofthecomponentandthestructuralmemberoftheunittowhichtheyareattached,aclampsuchastheoneshowninFigmaybeasuitabledeviceBesurethattheattachmentdevicedoesnotcompressorexpandthecomponentsothatithindersanypossibleremovalGraduallyapplyalbf(N)forceinthedirectionthatwouldnormallybeassociatedwiththeremovaloftheprotectivecomponentoverasperiodandholdforanadditionalsProductMarkingEachproductanditsretailcartonshallbemarkedclearlyandlegiblytoindicatethefollowing:Name,placeandphonenumberorwebsiteaddressofbusiness(city,state,andmailingaddress,includingzipcode)ofmanufacturer,importer,distributor,orsellerModelnumber,stocknumber,catalognumber,itemnumber,orothersymbolexpressednumerically,orotherwise,suchthatonlyarticlesofidenticalconstruction,changethemodelnumberwheneverasignificantstructuralordesignmodificationismadethataffectsitsconformancewiththisconsumersafetyspecificationCodemarkorothermeansthatidentifiesthedate(monthandyearasaminimum)manufacturedAnyupholsterylabelrequiredbylawshallnotbeusedtomeettherequirementsofEachproductshallhavewarningstatementsThewarningstatementsshallbeincontrastingcolor(s),permanent,conspicuous,andsansserifstylefontInwarningstatements,thesafetyalertsymbol“"”andtheword“WARNING”shallnotbelessthanin(mm)highTheremainderofthetextshallbecharacterswhoseuppercaseshallbeatleastin(mm)highexceptasspecifiedTheproductshallhavethefollowingwarningstatementsandsymbolsasstatedinasaminimum:"WARNINGNeverleavechildunattendedAllproductmustincludeapermanentwarning,in“ANSI”standardorange,suchthatitisvisiblewheneverachildisplacedintheproductThewarningshallread:"WARNINGAvoidseriousinjuryfromfallingorslidingoutAlwaysuserestraintsystem"WARNINGDesignedforInfantsOnlyAgeuptoyearsandweighinglessthanlbKeeponehandonthechildatalltimesInstructionalLiteratureInstructionsprovidedwiththetable,whetheronthepackageorinleafletform,shallbeeasytoreadandunderstandTheseinstructionsclearlyshallincludeassembly,maintenance,cleaning,andoperating(includingfolding)informationWarningStatementswiththeInstructionalLiterature:TheinstructionalliteratureshalladequatelydescribetheprocedurefortheuseoftherestraintsystemandrepeatthewarningcontainedinTheinstructionsshalladvisethatparcelsoraccessoryitems,orboth,placedontheunitmaycausetheunittobecomeunstableTheinstructionsshalladvisethatachildshouldneverbeleftunattendedFIGTensionTestAdaptorClampF–InstructionsforproductssuppliedwithpackagecarryingaccessoriesaspartoftheoriginalequipmentstatethemaximumweightthemanufacturerrecommendsTheseinstructionsmustalsowarnthatexcessiveweightmaycauseahazardousunstableconditiontoexistTheinstructionsforproductsnotsuppliedwithpackagecarryingaccessoriesshallincludewarningsthatunstablehazardousconditionsmayexistifpackagecarryingaccessoriesareaddedontotheproductKeywordsdiaperchangingtabletablesASTMInternationaltakesnopositionrespectingthevalidityofanypatentrightsassertedinconnectionwithanyitemmentionedinthisstandardUsersofthisstandardareexpresslyadvisedthatdeterminationofthevalidityofanysuchpatentrights,andtheriskofinfringementofsuchrights,areentirelytheirownresponsibilityThisstandardissubjecttorevisionatanytimebytheresponsibletechnicalcommitteeandmustbereviewedeveryfiveyearsandifnotrevised,eitherreapprovedorwithdrawnYourcommentsareinvitedeitherforrevisionofthisstandardorforadditionalstandardsandshouldbeaddressedtoASTMInternationalHeadquartersYourcommentswillreceivecarefulconsiderationatameetingoftheresponsibletechnicalcommittee,whichyoumayattendIfyoufeelthatyourcommentshavenotreceivedafairhearingyoushouldmakeyourviewsknowntotheASTMCommitteeonStandards,attheaddressshownbelowThisstandardiscopyrightedbyASTMInternational,BarrHarborDrive,POBoxC

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