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首页 *新书上架*【韦伯】以学术为业,以政治为业及其它

*新书上架*【韦伯】以学术为业,以政治为业及其它.pdf

*新书上架*【韦伯】以学术为业,以政治为业及其它

九月虺
2010-01-19 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《*新书上架*【韦伯】以学术为业,以政治为业及其它pdf》,可适用于人文社科领域

MaxWeber’sCoMpleteWritingsonaCadeMiCandpolitiCalVoCationsMaxWeber’sCoMpleteWritingsonaCadeMiCandpolitiCalVoCationseditedandWithanintroduCtionbyJohndreiJManistranslationbygordonCWellsAlgoraPublishingNewYork©byAlgoraPublishingAllRightsReservedwwwalgoracomNoportionofthisbook(beyondwhatispermittedbySectionsoroftheUnitedStatesCopyrightActof)maybereproducedbyanyprocess,storedinaretrievalsystem,ortransmittedinanyform,orbyanymeans,withouttheexpresswrittenpermissionofthepublisherLibraryofCongressCataloginginPublicationDataWeber,Max,MaxWeber’scompletewritingsonacademicandpoliticalvocationseditedandwithanintroductionbyJohnDreijmanistranslationbyGordonCWellspcmIncludesbibliographicalreferencesandindexesISBN:(tradepaper:alkpaper)ISBN:(hardcover:alkpaper)ISBN:(ebook)Education,HigherPhilosophyAcademicfreedomPolitics,PracticalIDreijmanis,JohnIITitleLBWdcPrintedintheUnitedStatesaCknoWledgMentsManypersonswerehelpfulinthepreparationofthisbookTheassistanceofthefollowingisgratefullyacknowledged:JohnBeebe,JamesWBinns,WernerBonefeld,UlrichvonBülow,AnnieCallaghan,DavidChalcraft,MichaelChambers,RimaDevereaux,JürgenEichberger,HerbertEiden,SvenEliaeson,BernhardFleischmann,JörgFrommer,SabineFrommer,ThomasFuchs,MihokoFukushima,theInstituteofTranslationandInterpreting(GermanNetwork),JohnGiannini,FelixGrigat,EdithHanke,MichaelHartmer,SarahJackson,MatthiasJaroch,JamelynRJohnson,SuzanneKirkbright,DanielaKrämer,SvenKuttner,NorikoLayfield,TzuWen(Joyce)Lin,RoderickMain,CharlotteMcDonaugh,KlausDMcDonaldMaier,ArthurMitzman,GregoryMoore,MatteoMontonati,AhmadMusa,CinaraNahra,JoachimRadkau,StephanRenner,UllaRieck,GuentherRoth,KurtSalamun,JoachimSauerland,KurtSchneider,ThomasSchneider,GeorgSiebeck,MalatiSingh,SandrineSingletonPerrin,JulieSnell,RosalindMTemple,AdrianUdenze,SamWhimster,andJanWiebersJohnDreijmanisUniversitätBremenMAXWEBERTRUTHafterthesettingofthesunAndwewhodoubtedanymiddlewayBlessearlystepsliketheseaswellwemay,Beforethestatementsyourpurevoiceisheard,Yoursmilegiveshearttoloyaltythat’sstirredAndrousedinwrath…foryouwe’llriskthetask,AndquestionswithnoanswerwewillaskFriedrichGundolf(bornFriedrichLeopoldGundelfinger)(–)tableofContentsintroduCtionWeber’sPersonalityTypeWeber’sIllnessWeber’sTwoVocationsScienceasaVocationArticlesonAcademiaPoliticsasaVocationThePresentandEarlierTranslationsEarlierTranslationsinChronologicalOrdersCienCeasaVoCationartiClesonaCadeMiaTheBernhardCaseUnsignedMessageofCongratulationstoGustavSchmolleronhisSeventiethBirthday(June,)The“BernhardCase”andProfessorDelbrückTheAlleged“AcademicFreedom”atGermanUniversitiesSecondGermanConferenceofTeachersinInstitutionsofHigherEducationSocialDemocratsinAcademicTeachingPositionsAcademicFreedomintheUniversitiesTransactionsoftheThirdGermanConferenceofTeachersinInstitutionsofHigherEducationTheConferenceofTeachersinInstitutionsofHigherEducationxiiMaxWeber’sCompleteWritingsonAcademicandPoliticalVocationsProfessorEhrenbergTransactionsoftheFirstGermanConferenceofSociologistsTheGermanSociologicalSocietyChallengetoDuelattheUniversityofHeidelbergOntheAffairofDrRugeProfessorWeberAnOpinionontheUniversityQuestionAmericanandGermanUniversities:HowTheyDifferGermanConferenceofTeachersinInstitutionsofHigherEducationProfessorMaxWeber(Heidelberg)onhisSpeechattheGermanHigherEducationConferenceinDresdenMaxWeberonthe“AlthoffSystem”TheSchoolsofCommerce:AReplybyProfessorMaxWeberThePrussianEducationalAdministrationandProfMaxWeber(Heidelberg)MaxWeberandtheAlthoffSystemProfessorWeberontheAlthoffSystemMaxWeber,Statement(MemorandumtotheSchoolsofCommerce)OnceAgainWeberAlthoffOnceMoretheStatementsbyProfessorDrMaxWeber(Heidelberg)ReportontheActivitiesoftheGermanSociologicalSocietyfortheLastTwoYearsACatholicUniversityinSalzburgDeclarationofWithdrawalfromtheAllemanniaFraternityProfessorMaxWeberandtheFraternityStudentsTheDemonstrationsattheUniversitypolitiCsasaVoCationglossarybibliographyindexofsubJeCtsindexofnaMesintroduCtionKarlEmilMaximilianWeber(–)wasoneofthefoundersofsociologyasanacademicdiscipline,livingatatimewhendisciplinaryboundarieswerefarlessrigidthantoday,whenitwasstillpossibletomasterenormoushistorical,economic,legal,sociological,andpoliticalknowledge,andmakecontributionstoanumberofdisciplinesAlthoughtheliteratureonhimisvast,thereremaincertainunexploredaspectsThesearediscussedandrelatedtohisacademicandpoliticalvocationsWeber’spersonalitytypeCarlGJung’s()theoryofpsychologicaltypes,asfurtherdevelopedbytheMyersBriggsTypeIndicator(MBTI),isusedtoprovideanunderstandingofWeber’spersonalitytypeThistypologicalsystemdifferentiatessixteenpersonalitytypesbyidentifyingaperson’snormalpreferredmodeofpsychologicaloperationanalyzedagainstfourbasicparameters,eachparameterrepresentedbyapairofoppositecharacteristicsFromone’sattitudetotheouterandinnerworldsarisetwobasicorientationstolifeextraversion(E)orintroversion(I)Therearetwocontrastingfunctionalwaysofperceivingthroughsensation(S)orintuition(N),andtwofunctionalwaysofjudgingthroughAllanSica,MaxWeber:AComprehensiveBibliography(NewBrunswick,NJandLondon:TransactionPublishers,)CarlGJung,“PsychologicalTypes”InCollectedWorksofCGJung,revisionbyRFCHulloftranslationbyHGBaynes(Princeton,NJ:PrincetonUniversityPress,),VolIsabelBMyersandPeterBMyers,GiftsDiffering:UnderstandingPersonalityType(PaloAlto,CA:DaviesBlackPublishing,),pMaxWeber’sCompleteWritingsonAcademicandPoliticalVocationsthinking(T)orfeeling(F)Thepreferredmannerofdealingwiththeoutsideworldprovidesthefourthdimensionoftheprofileandwillreflectapreferenceforeitherjudging(J)orperceiving(P)Eachpersonwilltherefore,withgreaterorlesserconsistency,demonstratefourpreferenceswhichactingtogethercreateoneofthesixteenpersonalitytypesOfthefouravailablefunctions(ie,perceiving(S)and(N)andjudging(T)and(F)),onewillbethemostpreferredandthebestdevelopedandwillthereforebesuperiorThiswillbesupportedbyanauxiliaryfunction,atertiaryfunction,andthefourthorinferiorfunction,whichwillbetheleastpreferredandleastdevelopedoneThisdoesnotmeanthat“anyoneislimitedeithertotheinnerworldortotheouter”Tosomeextent,everyoneuseseachofthefunctionsOnlythe“relativepredominanceofoneortheotherdeterminesthetype”TheMBTIisnotperfect,doesnotexplaineverything,anddoesnotmeasureabilityandlevelsofcreativityItdoes,however,indicatethestrengthsandweaknessesofthesixteenpersonalitytypesandthemutualusefulnessofoppositetypesMoreover,itprovidesanempiricalbasisfordescribingpersonalitytypesandtheirbehaviorInextraversionthereis“atransferofinterestfromsubjecttoobjectIfitisanextraversionofthinking,thesubjectthinkshimselfintoitifanextraversionoffeeling,hefeelshimselfintoit”Jungdefinedextraversionasfollows:Extraversionischaracterizedbyinterestintheexternalobject,responsiveness,andareadyacceptanceofexternalhappenings,adesiretoinfluenceandbeinfluencedbyevents,aneedtojoinin,constantattentiontothesurroundingworld,thecultivationoffriendsandacquaintances,nonetoocarefullyselected,andfinallybythegreatimportanceattachedtothefigureonecuts,andhencebyastrongtendencytomakeashowofoneselfWhatevertheextravert“thinks,intends,anddoesisdisplayedwithconvictionandwarmth”The“peculiarnatureoftheextravertconstantlyurgeshimtoexpandandpropagatehimselfineverywayThereis,however,thedangerIbid,ppIbid,pJohnBeebe,“PsychologicalTypes”InRenosKPapadopoulos,ed,TheHandbookofJungianPsychology:Theory,PracticeandApplication(LondonandNewYork:Routledge,),pp“UnderstandingConsciousnessthroughtheTheoryofPsychologicalTypes”InJosephCambrayandLindaCarter,eds,AnalyticalPsychology:ContemporaryPerspectivesinJungianAnalysis(HoveandNewYork:BrunnerRoutledge,),especiallyppJung,opcit,pIsabelBMyers,IntroductiontoType,thed(PaloAlto,CA:ConsultingPsychologistsPress,),pIbid,pJung,opcit,pIbid,pIbid,pIbid,pIntroductionthat“hegetssuckedintoobjectsandcompletelyloseshimselfinthem,withresultantfunctionaldisorders,nervousorphysical”Theextravertreceivesenergyfromexternalevents,experiences,andinteractions,preferstocommunicatebytalking,andisoftenaconfidentpublicspeakerHeorsheisapersonofactionwhogoes“fromdoingtoconsideringbacktodoing”Extravertsarealsothe“mostactivechangeagents”Theextravert’s“verbalfluency,decisiveness,selfconfidence,andurgetoorganizeotherscanoverpowerpeopleattimes”OnemayalsoexpectriskierdecisionsfromanextravertIncontrast,inintroversionthereisaninwardturningofpsychicenergyinthesenseofanegativerelationofsubjecttoobjectInterestdoesnotmovetowardstheobjectbutwithdrawsfromitintothesubjectEveryonewhoseattitudeisintrovertedthinks,feels,andactsinawaythatclearlydemonstratesthatthesubjectistheprimemotivatingfactorandthattheobjectisofsecondaryimportanceFromwhatisknownaboutWeber,anexpostfactoassessmentofhispersonalitytypeindicatesthatthereisaveryhighdegreeofprobabilitythathewasanextravertedintuitivewithintrovertedthinking(ENTP)typeHissuperiorfunctionwasextravertedintuition,theauxiliaryfunctionintrovertedthinking,thetertiaryfunctionextravertedfeeling,andtheinferiorfunctionintrovertedsensation,diagrammedasfollows:extravertedintuition(superiorfunction)IntrovertedthinkingExtravertedfeeling(auxiliaryfunction)(tertiaryfunction)Introvertedsensation(inferiorfunction)Individualfunctionsneedtobeconsideredincouplings,butthisisbeyondthescopeofthisintroductionInordertosubstantiatethisconclusion,considerablerelianceisplacedonWeber’sbehavior,hiswritingsunderdiscussion,andtheobservationsofhisIbid,pMyers,opcit,pMyersandMyers,opcit,pMaryHMcCaulley,“TheMyersBriggsTypeIndicatorandLeadership”InKennethEClarkandMiriamBClark,eds,MeasuresofLeadership(WestOrange,NJ:LeadershipLibraryofAmerica,),pMyers,opcit,pMcCaulley,opcit,pJung,opcit,ppMaxWeber’sCompleteWritingsonAcademicandPoliticalVocationswife,MarianneWeber,néeSchnitger(),notonlyaperceptiveobserverbutalsoonewhoreflectedhisviews,andthereforeitispossibletotakemuchofwhatshewrote“asastatementofWeber’sownviews…”TherearealsomanyreferencestoKarlJaspers(),physician,psychologist,philosopher,andamemberofMaxandMarianneWeber’sinnercircleoffriendswhowroteextensivelyonhimandprovidedsomeofthemostprofoundanalysesWeber’sextraversionmanifesteditselfinmanyactivitiesandareasHelongedforsunshineandawarmclimateandthereforefrequentlyvisitedsouthernFranceandItalyInthewordsofMarianneWeber,“whenthegrayveilsofNovembershroudedtheautumnalsplendor,Weberlongedforthebrightandcheerfulsouth”TheywenttoCorsica,butitrainedforalongperiod:“ThelonelydaysnowcreptbymonotonouslyandcolorlesslyunderovercastskiesTherewasnopleasantcafé,nowindowshopping,nomusic,nothingtosee,andnothinghappenedTheyrealizedtowhatextentthelifeofacivilizedpersonisfedbyexternalstimulimyitalics”InthewinterandspringofWeberevenconsideredleavingGermany:“HorriblethoughtofhavingtospendsomanymoresadwintersinGermanyweshouldatleastmaketheautumnofourlivessunnybyspendingitinthesouth”OnanotheroccasiononApril,,whentheweatherinItalywastohisliking,hewrotetohiswifethat“mostofthetimeIlieonthehotsandonthebeach…”Weberwasalsoabsorbedbypaintings,sculpture,architecture,landscapes,andcitiesTruetohistype,publicspeakingcamenaturallytohim,beitlecturingtostudents,colleagues,politicians,orworkers“Weberwasamasterofspeakingwithoutnotes…”SometimeshelecturedformorethantwohourswithoutinterruptionHislectures“were‘events’”HoursbeforehislecturesattheUniversityofViennastudentswouldfillthelargestauditoriumMarianneWeberhasdescribedonesuchlectureinthesummersemesterofAnothereventofasomewhatdifferentnatureoccurredonJanuary,,attheUniversityofMuGuentherRoth,“MaxWeber’sGenerationalRebellionandMaturation”InReinhardBendixandGuentherRoth,ScholarshipandPartisanship:EssaysonMaxWeber(BerkeleyandLosAngelesandLondon:UniversityofCaliforniaPress,),pMarianneWeber,MaxWeber:ABiography,editedandtranslatedbyHarryZohn(NewBrunswick,NJandLondon:TransactionPublishers,),pIbid,pIbid,pWeberquotedibid,pKarlLoewenstein,MaxWeber’sPoliticalIdeasinthePerspectiveofOurTime,translatedbyRichardandClaraWinston(Amherst:UniversityofMassachusettsPress,),pMarianneWeber,opcit,pIbid,pLoewenstein,opcit,pMarianneWeber,opcit,pIntroductionnichwhensomerightwingstudentshissedandbooedhimashewasabouttoproceed,butwhenWeberremainedontherostrumand“laughedatthem,theybecameevenwilder”ThelightswereturnedoutandthehallclearedAfterward,Weberattendedasocialgatheringandwas“veryanimated,andthensleptsplendidlyPoliticalstrifeobviouslyhadarefreshingeffectonhim”AthomeWeberengagedinmonologueswhichgotonMarianne’snerves,whileshe,alsoanextravert,inturngotonMax’snervesbyherexcessivetalkingHewasmoreofaspeakerthanawriterandthereforeoftenmadeastrongerimpressionorallythaninwritingMarianneWeberalsoobservedthatWebercouldexpresshimselfbestwhenhehadearlierorallyformulatedhisthoughtsJaspersnotedthatWebergave“lecturesthatnostudentwouldeverforget”Moreover,hiscourageintellingpubliclywhathesawandbelievedwasequallygreatwhetherhewasaddressingthehigherauthoritiesoftheoldstateortheworkersWhenhesaiduncomfortablethingstotheworkersatapublicmeetingandwasmetwithafuriousreaction,wecouldseetheeffectthatagreatmancanhaveDespitetheopposition,thisaweinspiringfigure,whosesincerityandalsoprofoundseriousnessandloveofhumanitycouldnotbedoubted,wasabletoasserthimselfThelistenersfeltthathecouldspeaktothematadeeperlevelthananyoneelsewascapableofJasperswasnotonlyimpressed,butalsodeeplyinfluencedbyWeberErnstMManasseexpresseditwellwhenhewrotethatWeberwasthe“spiritofJaspers’philosophy”Jaspersregardedhimasthe“GalileioftheGeisteswissenschaften”(theartsandthehumanities)EvensuchacriticasOthmarSpann(),sawhimas“ademonic,restlesspersonwhowascapableofaffectingothersthroughthestrengthofhispersonality…”AspredictedbytheENTPtypology,WebercultivatedfriendsandacquaintancesOnesuchexamplewastheWebers’openhouseforyoungeracademicsIbid,pIbidJoachimRadkau,MaxWeberDieLeidenschaftdesDenkens(Munich:CarlHanserVerlag,),ppIbid,pp,MarianneWebercitedibid,pHannahArendtKarlJaspersBriefwechsel,edsLotteKöhlerandHansSaner(MunichandZürich:Piper,),pKarlJaspers,“MaxWeberEineGedenkrede()”InMaxWeberGesammelteSchriften(MunichandZürich:Piper,),ppJaspers,“PhilosophicalAutobiography”InPaulASchilpp,ed,ThePhilosophyofKarlJaspers,nded(LaSalle,IL:OpenCourtPublishing,),ppErnestMManasse,“Jaspers’RelationtoMaxWeber”Ibid,pJaspers,SchicksalundWilleAutobiographischeSchriften,edHansSaner(Munich:RPiper,),pOthmarSpannquotedinRoth,“IntroductiontotheTransactionEdition,”MarianneWeber,opcit,pxvMaxWeber’sCompleteWritingsonAcademicandPoliticalVocationsonSundayafternoonsinHeidelbergfromtoAlthoughitwasintendedtosavetimeandaccommodatetheirincreasingnumbers,manyoftheSundayattendeesalsocameonweekdaysaswellThesegatheringsenabledWebertodiscussabroadrangeoftopics,includingcurrenteventsWeberwas“passionatelyengagedbythepoliticalissuesoftheday”ItisthereforenotsurprisingthattheRussianRevolutionof“powerfullystirred”him,andhequicklylearnedsufficientRussiantofollowdevelopmentsinRussiannewspapersHepublishedanarticleonitintheArchivfürSozialwissenschaftenundSozialpolitik,andposthumouslyacollectionofhiswritingsandspeechesonitasabookIndeed,withtheexceptionofWeber’swritingsonreligion,alargenumberofhisworksweretheresultofexternaleventsFurtherdiscussionofWeber’spoliticalinterestsandactivitiesisinthesectiondealingwithhispoliticalvocationInacademiaaswellWeberwasdeeplyinvolvedasanactivistandorganizerInhedefendedtherightofRobertMichels,aSocialDemocrat,tostudyforaHabilitation(apostdoctorallecturingqualification)(SeeArticle)Thenextyearhe

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*新书上架*【韦伯】以学术为业,以政治为业及其它

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