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首页 写作词汇.doc

写作词汇.doc

写作词汇.doc

上传者: dannyhaoqi 2013-12-28 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《写作词汇doc》,可适用于考试题库领域,主题内容包含工作工作Fulltime,parttime,whitecollar,bluecollar,semiskilled,selfemployed,free符等。

工作工作Fulltime,parttime,whitecollar,bluecollar,semiskilled,selfemployed,freelancer,收入:income,earnings,wages,salary,enjoyable,pleasant,fascinating令人着迷的Steady稳定的providemanyopportunitiesfor…提供各种。。。的机会,givemeasenseofsatisfactionaccomplishment给我一种满足感、成就感,applywhatIhavelearnttomyjob把我学的用在工作中,putmytalentintofullplay充分发挥我的天分,improvemyinterpersonalandcommunicativeskills提高我的人际交往和交流能力,improvemyindependence独立能力,wellfare福利benefitfuturedevelopment将来的发展,demanding难做的,stressful有压力的,tiring累人的,exhausting令人筋疲力尽的,boring无聊的,routinework常规工作,repetitive重复性的,workovertimeextrahours加班workaholic工作狂,repetitivestraininjuries职业病,adverseconditions恶劣的工作条件,freelancer自由职业selfemployedPersonnel,humanresources人力资源ambitious雄心壮志的、野心勃勃的  adaptability适应性  adaptoneselfto…使自己适应…  prosperity繁荣  bedisadvantageousto…对…不利  flowofpersonnel人才流动  mechanismofpersonnelflow人才流动机制  survivalofthefittest适者生存  asenseofaccomplishment成就感  potentiality潜能  learntocooperateandcomprise学习合作和妥协  bedeeplyimpressedwith…对…印象很深  companyphilosophy企业文化  flexibility灵活性  competitive竞争激烈的  arena舞台  teamworkspirit团队合作精神  treasureopportunity珍惜机会  afatsalary收入颇丰  aharmoniousinterpersonalrelationship和谐的人际关系  asenseofresponsibility责任感  materialgains物质待遇  promisingfuture光明的前途  brightprospect光明的前景  achallengingjob一份具有挑战性的工作  turningpoint转折点  becloselyrelatedto…与…息息相关  getadvancedinthesociety出人头地  adecentjob一份体面的工作  chanceofpromotion升迁机会  stabilityandsatisfaction稳定感和满足感  keepskillsfreshanduptodate使技能可以不断更新  expandone’shorizon开阔视野  balanceworkandlife平衡工作和生活  fromninetofive朝九晚五一族  shoulderundertakeone’sresponsibility承担起自己的责任  upgradeoneself提升自我  awellpaidjob高收入工作  creativework创造性工作standuptomeetthechallenge迎接挑战交通automobileindustry汽车工业  boosttheeconomicdevelopment促进经济发展  levythetax征税  modernization现代化  beviewedas…被视为是…  beconcernedabout…对…担忧关注…  pollutionfreefuel无污染燃料  luxury奢侈品  chronicleadpoisoning慢性铅中毒  fill…with…使…充斥着  popularizationofcars汽车普及  laymoreemphasison…把重心放在…  observetrafficregulations遵守交通规则  breaktrafficregulations违反交通规则  getstruckintraffic遇上堵车  rushhour上下班高峰时间  easethetrafficpressure缓解交通压力  pedestrian行人  pavement人行道  zebracrossing斑马线  overspeed超速行驶  bottleneck交通堵塞地区  settledowneffectivelaws制定出积极有效的法律  imposerestrictionson…对…实施限制  shortsighted目光短浅的  nonrenewableresources不可再生资源  carbondioxide二氧化碳  apillarindustry支柱产业  makefulluseof…充分利用  roadnetworks公路网  speedlimits限速  enhancethequalityoflife提高生活质量  payaheavyprice付出惨痛的代价  promotethedevelopmentofrelativeindustries促进相关产业发展  trafficengineering交通运输工程  thenumberofcarownership汽车拥有量  callfor…需要…  overcrowded过度拥挤的  violator违规者  headache令人头痛的事  trafficaccidents交通事故  headway进展  conflictwith…与…相冲突  majorcause主要原因  bereplacedby…被…所取代  provideconveniencefor…为…提供便利  curb…限制…  dilemma进退两难  encouragesomebodytodosomething鼓励某人去做某事  energysaving节能的环保:environmentalprotection环境保护environmentallyfriendly环保的preservev保护保存污染:Pollute=contaminate,污染(动词)pollutant污染物Pollution=contamination污染(名词)垃圾:rubbish,garbage,trash,waste,litter处理:disposeof,burn,bury(landfill垃圾场),dump倾倒recycle回收plasticbags塑料袋,drinkingcans饮料罐biodegradablepackaging可降解包装,throwaway可丢弃的disposable可丢弃的discouragev不鼓励燃料nonrenewable不可再生的fossilfuels矿石燃料:naturalgas,coal,petroleumlimitedfinitenaturalresources有限的自然资源alternativeenergy替代能源replace=substitutev取代(windpower,hydropower水电,solar(lunar)power太阳能,nuclearpower核能radioactivityn辐射性useup,deplete,exhaustv用光耗尽conservev节省节约,consumelessv少消耗危害动物:poaching非法打猎盗猎,damagenaturalhabitat破坏自然栖息地,rarebreed稀有物种,endangeredspecies濒危物种,extinctadj灭绝(dieout,disappear动词),animalrightsactivist动物权益保护者,naturalreserve(giantpanda大熊猫)自然保护区,protectwildlife保护野生动物,disastrous灾难性的,devastation破坏,havedisastrouseffecton…对。。。有灾难性的影响危害植物:vegetation植被deforestation森林消失,landslide山体滑坡,危害环境:carbondioxide二氧化碳,acidrain酸雨(erode腐蚀)greenhouseeffect温室效应(worsening,deteriorate,deterioration恶化)globalwarming全球变暖ecologicalsystem=ecosystem生态系统greenbelt绿化带,sandstorm沙尘暴,(filterv过滤)arousepeople’sawarenessconsciousnessofenvironmentalprotection提高公众的环保意识低碳LowCarbon低碳经济LowCarbonEconomy(LCE)低碳生活LowCarbonLife低碳旅游LowCarbonTour低碳城市化道路LowCarbonurbanizationway碳Carbon二氧化碳Carbondioxide二氧化碳排放theoutputofthecarbondioxide二氧化碳浓度Atmosphericconcentrationsofcarbondioxide碳减排Carbonemissionreduction碳排放标准Standardforcarbondioxideemission碳排放责任Liabilityforcarbondioxideemission越境碳污染Transfrontiercarbondioxidepollution一氧化碳Carbonmonoxide温室气体Greenhousegas(GHS)温室气体排放Greenhousegasemission温室效应Greenhouseeffect全球气候变暖Globalwarming生物圈Biosphere大气层Atmosphere大气模型Atmosphericmodels空气质量管理Airqualitymanagement大气监测Atmosphericmonitoring大气修正Atmosphericcorrections大气层的化学成分Chemicalcompositionoftheatmosphere臭氧层Ozonelayer紫外线Ultravioletray红外线Infrared环境Environment生态Ecology生态系统Ecosystem工业烟尘Industrialfumes环境核算Environmentalaccounting环境审计Environmentalauditing环境健康影响评价Environmentalhealthimpactassessment环境影响Environmentalimpact环境影响评价Environmentalimpactassessment环境影响状报告书Environmentalimpactstatement环境指标Environmentalindicators环境政策Environmentalpolicy环境风险评估Environmentalriskassessment可持续发展Sustainabledevelopment学校:nursery托儿所kindergarten幼儿园primaryschoolelementaryschool小学,secondaryschool中学教育highereducation高等教育furthereducation进修教育:parenting,schooling,enroll入学admit招收录取Parentsareobligedtodo…父母有责任、义务去做…compulsoryeducation强制教育、义务教育minors未成年人immature不成熟的学习的好处learnskills学习技能acquireknowledge学习知识enrichknowledge丰富知识,widenhorizon开阔视野,inspireinterest激发兴趣,stimulateinterest激发兴趣,cultivate v培养hobbiesdeveloppotentialsconducetomentaldevelopmentlayasolidfoundationforthefuture为将来打下坚实的基础学习上的问题:lackdiscipline缺少约束力persistence毅力,testorientededucation应试型教育,qualityeducation素质教育cramforexaminations突击考试,stuff塞materialsmemorize背,memorization,rotelearning死记硬背Testtakingtechniques应试技巧坏处:discouragecriticalthinking打击评判性思维studentsstopquestioningwhattheyarebeingtaught学生们不去质问他们学习的东西conducetoacademicperformance有助学习表现Adverselyinfluence负面地影响(动作)Exertadverseunfavorableinfluenceon对…产生负面影响Emphasisonmemorizationadverselyinfluencesone’sacademicperformanceCreativity创造性Comeattheexpensecostofcreativity以牺牲创造力为代价Lowerraisethestandardof…降低了…的水平国外大学结构及官衔president(大学校长)Universitydean(学校分院长)Collegeschoolheadofthefacultyheadofthedivisionprincipal中学校长headmaster小学校长headmistress小学校长(女)新生入学及入学后大致过程registerenroll(登记、报到)openingceremony(开学典礼)orientationmeeting(介绍会)指学校综合情况lecture(报告)tutorial(一个学生发言那种)basiccourse基础课specializedcourse专业课requiredcourse必修课optionalselectivecourse选修课kindergarten幼儿园elementaryeducation初等教育secondaryeducation中等教育highereducation高等教育adulteducation成人教育openadmission免试入学制daycarecenter幼儿园(美)nurseryschool托儿所primaryelementaryschool小学(英美)secondaryschool中学coeducation男女生同校制度juniorhighschool初中seniorhighschool高中attachedmiddleschool附中technicalschool技校polytechnicinstitute理工学院科技大学keyschool重点中学graduateschool研究生院openuniversity夜大、函大privateschool私立学校publicschool公立学校universaleducation普及教育educationisteducator教育家postgraduate研究生alumnusalumna校友(男女)undergraduate本科AlmaMater母校auditor=gueststudent旁听生boarder住宿生openbookexam开卷考poptest抽考orientationprogram新生训练teachingfacilities教学设施assistantship助学金scholarship奖学金roomandboard食宿auditorium礼堂vicemonitor副班长periodofschooling学习年限creditsystem学分制markscoregrade分数schedule=schooltimetable课程表individualstudy自习individualcoaching=tutorial个别指导Englishevening英语晚会afterschoolactivities课外活动socialinvestigation社会调查voluntarylabor义务劳动graduationappraisal毕业评估graduationceremony=commencement毕业典礼diploma=graduationcertificate毕业证书dropout辍学quitschool退学schooldiscipline校纪attendanceparticipation出勤率attendalecture上课missaclass缺课cutaclass旷课expelsbfromschool开除tuition学费miscellaneousexpenses杂费agrantaidedstudent领助学金的学生lectureportfolio讲义夹semester半学期bluebook考卷reportcard成绩单finalexamination期末考核quiz小测验oraltest口试diploma毕业证degree学位associatediploma专科证书Bachelor学士Master硕士DoctorofPhilosophy博士expert专家consultant顾问coordinator班主任协调人professor教授associateprofessor副教授lecturer讲师advisermentor导师counselor辅导老师coursearrangement课程按排applicationform申请表schoolofArtsandSciences文理学院project学生独立钻研的课外课题presentation针对某一专题发表的演讲paperthesisdissertation论文letterofrecommendation表扬信journal周记officehour教授与学生面谈时间instruction,education教育culture文化primaryeducation初等教育secondaryeducation中等教育highereducation高等教育thethreeR's读、写、算schoolyear学年term,trimester学季semester学期schoolday教学日schoolholidays假期curriculum课程subject学科discipline纪律timetable课程表class,lesson课homework家庭作业exercise练习dictation听写spellingmistake拼写错误(short)course短训班seminar研讨班playtime,break课间,休息toplaytruant,toplayhooky逃学,旷课course(ofstudy)学业studentbody学生(总称)classmate,schoolmate同学pupil小学生student大学生schoolboy男生schoolgirl女生auditor旁听生swot,grind用功的学生oldboy老生grant,scholarship,fellowship奖学金holderofagrant,scholar,fellow奖学金获得者schooluniform校服teachingstaff教育工作者(总称)teachers教师(总称)primaryschoolteacher小学老师teacherlecturer大学老师professor教授schooling教授,授课assistant助教headmaster校长(女性为:headmistress)deputyheadmaster,deputyhead副校长rector校长dean教务长laboratoryassistant,labassistant实验员beadle,porter门房,学校工友gamesmaster,gymteacher,gyminstructor体育教师privatetutor私人教师,家庭教师pedagogue文学教师(蔑称)ofschoolage教龄beginningofterm开学matriculation注册toenroll,toenroll予以注册totakelessons(学生)上课toteach(老师)上课tostudy学习tolearnbyheart记住,掌握torevise,togoover复习test考试totest考试totakeanexamination,tositanexamination,todoanexamination参加考试convocationnotice考试通知examiner考试者boardofexaminers考试团examinationoral,writtenexamination口试,笔试question问题questionpaper试卷crib夹带(美作:trot)topassanexamination(或exam),通过考试pass,passinggrade升级prizegiving分配奖品tofallanexamination未通过考试failure未考好torepeatayear留级degree学位graduate毕业生tograduate毕业project,thesis毕业论文GeneralCertificateofEducation中学毕业证书(美作:highschooldiploma)holderoftheGeneralCertificateofEducation中学毕业生(美作:holderofahighschooldiploma)doctorate博士学位doctor博士competitiveexamination答辩考试

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