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政治学专业单词.doc

政治学专业单词.doc

上传者: 可立饼 2013-12-28 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《政治学专业单词doc》,可适用于人文社科领域,主题内容包含Publicsphere公共领域Publicsphere公共领域Privatesphere私人领域Goodgovernance善治Goodness善符等。

Publicsphere公共领域Publicsphere公共领域Privatesphere私人领域Goodgovernance善治Goodness善Comparativehistory比较历史研究Overview概要Keyissues核心问题RobertADahl罗伯特达尔Citystate城市国家Politics政治学Monarchy君主制Oligarchy寡头制Democracy民主制Theexerciseofpower实现权力Theexerciseofauthority实施权威Themakingofcollectivedecisions集体政策Theallocationofscarceresource分配稀缺资源Thepractiseofdeceptionandmanipulation实施阴谋和操纵计划Davideaston戴维伊斯顿Theauthoritativeallocationofpower价值的权威性分配Cabinet内阁Legislativechambers立法机关Governmentaldepartment政府部门Politicians政治家Civilservants公务员Lobbyists说客Nonpolitical非政治的Nationstate民族国家Governance治理Antipolitics反政治Officepolitics办公室政治Politicking拉选票Powertendstocorruptandabsolutepowercorruptsabsolutely权力倾向于腐化绝对的权力意味着绝对的腐化Socialcontracttheorists社会契约论Civilsociety市民社会Personal个人领域Political政治领域Aristotle亚里士多德JeanjacquesRousseau卢梭Thegenerallwill公意Power强力Debate辩论Arbitration仲裁Awilddispersalofpower广泛的权力分布Intimidation胁迫Superstructure上层社会Thepoliticsofeverydaylife日常中的政治生活Classstruggle阶级斗争Thepersonalispolitical个人就是政治Plato柏拉图Policymakingprocess政策制定过程Politicalstructure政治结构Thepowerofchurch教会权力Thesecularpowerofthemonarchs国王世俗权力Feudalism封建主义TheChurchofRome罗马教会Renaissance文艺复兴ProtestantReformation宗教改革Socialcontract社会契约论Constitutionalmonarchy君主立宪Popularsovereignty人民主权Positivism实证主义Socialism社会主义Communism共产主义Liberaldemocracy自由民主理论Utilitarianism功利主义Neoliberalism新自由主义Neoconservatism新保守主义Existentialism存在主义NeoMarxism新马克思主义Behaviorism行为主义LimitedGovernment有限政府CivilSociety市民社会Individualfreedom个人自由Totalitarianism极权主义Anarchism无政府主义Publicchoicetheory公共选择理论Rationalchoicetheory理想选择理论Individualism个人主义Meritocracy知识精英Collectivism集体主义Legalright法律权利Moralright道德权利Humanright人权Naturalright自然权利Godgivenright天赋权利Communities社团Communitarianism社群主义Foundationalequality根本平等Formalequality形式平等Equalityofopportunity机会平等Equalityofoutcome结果平等Conservatives保守主义Fascists法西斯主义Autonomy自治“Governmentofthepeoplebythepeopleandforthepeople”林肯的民主解释Mobrule暴民政治Idealisticapproach理想主义途径Empiricalapproach经验主义途径Classicaldemocratictheory古典民主理论Elitismdemocratictheory精英民主理论Radicaldemocracy激进民主Participatorydemocracy参与民主Directparticipatedemocracy直接参与民主Representativedemocracy代议制民主Pluralismdemocracy多元主义民主Totalitarianism极权主义Authoritarianism权威主义Anarchism无政府主义Socialism社会主义Ecologism生态主义Religiousfundamentalism宗教原教旨主义Feudalism封建主义Absolutism绝对主义Legitimacy合法性Writtenconstitution成文宪法一院制Unicameral一党制国家OnepartyStates人权Humanrights人权宣言DeclarationsoftheRightsofManandtheCitizen工会Tradeunions下议院HouseofCommons上议院HouseofLords马列主义MarxismLeninism马基雅维里主义Machiavelli王权Crown无产阶级Proletariat无产阶专政Dictatorshipoftheproletariat专制Despotism专制政府绝对专制主义Absolutegovernmentabsolutism中央与地方的关系CentralLocalrelations分权Separationofpowers公共行政Publicadministration公民权利Civilrights公民自由Civilliberties正义Justice可审判性Justiciability平等Equality奴隶制Slavery占统治地位的党Dominantparty代表Delegate代议员Representative代议制政府Representativegovernment代表制Representation主权Sovereignty市(镇)长Major立宪主义Constitutionalism立宪政体Constitutionalgovernment立法否决Legislativeveto立法委员会Legislativecommittees立法起草Legislativedrafting半总统制Semipresidentialsystems议长Speaker议会制度Parliamentarysystem司法机构Judiciary司法行政官Magistrate司法审查Judicialreview民主集中制Democraticcentralism民意测验Opinionpolls共产党CommunistParties共和国Republic机构制度Institution权利法案Billofrights权威Authority妇女选举权Women’ssuffrage地方长官Prefect地方政府Localgovernment地方政府财政Localgovernmentfinance团体理论Grouptheory邦联Confederation邦联条例ArticlesofConfederation自由Freedom自由裁量权Discretion自治领Dominion行为主义Behaviouralism行政Administration行政机关Executives多头制Polyarchy多数派政府Majoritygovernment多数统治Majorityrule决策Decisionmaking决策理论Decisiontheory农奴制Serfdom阶层阶级Class麦迪逊詹姆斯Madison,James苏格拉底Socrates否决权Veto投票Voting投票率Turnout财产权Property利益Interests利益表达与聚合Interestarticulationandaggregation利益集团Interestgroup言论表达和出版自由Freedomofspeech,expression,andthepress社区共同体Community社团主义Corporatism社会民主主义Socialdemocracy责任Responsibility责任政府Responsiblegovernment杰斐逊托马斯Jefferson,Thomas欧洲议会EuropeanParliament欧洲共同体EuropeanCommunity歧视Discrimination国际法InternationalLaw国家State国家元首Headofstate国家消亡Witheringawayofthestate国家财政危机Fiscalcrisisofthestate非暴力反抗Civildisobedience非暴力行为Nonviolentaction制定法StatuteLaw制衡Checksandbalance委任Patronage委员会Commission质询Interpellation法官Judge法治Ruleoflaw法律的正当程序Dueprocessoflaw宗教自由Freedomofreligion审判Adjudication审查制度Censorship官僚制官僚Bureaucracy实证主义Positivism革命和反革命Revolutionandcounterrevolution政变CoupD’etat政治文化Politicalculture政治中的种族问题Raceinpolitics政治心理学Politicalpsychology政治发展Politicaldevelopment政治行为研究Politicalbehaviou政治权力Politicalpower政治局(及常务委员会)Politburo(andPesidium)政治沟通Politicalcommunication政治体系政治系统Politicalsystem政治参与Politicalparticipation政治财政Politicalfinance政治科学Politicalscience政治社会化Politicalsocialization政治社会学Politicalsociology政治学的定量方法Quantitativemethodsinpolitics政治态度Politicalattitudes政治腐败Politicalcorruption政治继承Politicalsuccession政治理论Politicaltheory政治暴力Politicalviolence政治影响Politicalinfluence政治整合政治一体化Politicalintegratio政党认同Partyidentification政党代表大会Partyconvention政党功能Parties,political:functionsof政党组织Partyorganization政党核心集团Machine政策分析Policyanalysis政策实施Implementation政策输出研究Policyoutputstudies贵族贵族制Aristocracy看守政府Caretakergovernment选民登记Registrationofelectors选举Elections选举团Electoralcollege选举纲领Electionprogram选举制度Electoralsystem种族灭绝Genocide种族主义Racism种族隔离Apartheid保守党Conservativeparties修正主义Revisionism独立机构Independentagency独立宣言DeclarationofIndependence帝国主义Imperialism美国革命AmericanRevolution美国国会Congress总统总统制PresidentPresidentialsystem宪法Constitutionallaw宪法规约Conventionoftheconstitution宪法宪政Constitutionconstitutionalism神权政治Theocracy神授王权Divinerightofkings费边主义Fabianism格劳修斯Grotius恩格斯Engels爱国主义Patriotism竞争性政党制度Competitivepartysystem阶级Bourgeoisie资本主义Capitalism宽容Toleration基本权利Fundamentalright基层党组织Primarypartyorganization常设委员会Standingcommittee唯心主义Idealism第二院上议院Secondchambers殖民统治Colonialgovernment联合联合政府CoalitionCoalitiongovernment联合民主Consociationaldemocracy联合国UnitedNations联邦制Federalism联邦党人文集FederalistPapers斯大林Stalin斯宾诺莎Spinoza斯密亚当Smith,Adam黑格尔Hegal辉格党与托利党WhigsandTories霍布斯Hobbes激进政党Radicalparties主义Holism辩证法Dialectic中国外交政策和国际关系概述GeneralTerms多极化multipolarity国家主权nationalsovereignty维持外交关系maintaindiplomaticrelations维护世界和平safeguardworldpeace武装冲突armedconflict把自己的意志强加于人   imposeone’sownwillonothers霸权主义和强权政治     hegemonismandpowerpolitics保卫国家主权和民族资源 safeguardnationalsovereigntyandnationalresources边界现状               statusquooftheboundary不附带任何条件         nevertoattachanyconditionswithnostringsattached不结盟国家政策         nonalignedcountriespolicy采取协调行动           takeconcertedsteps常驻代表               permanentrepresentative独联体国家             CommonwealthofIndependentStates(CIS)发展和平友好平等互利长期稳定的关系developrelationsofpeaceandfriendship,equalityandmutualbenefit,andprolongedstability高层次全方位的对话   highlevelandalldirectionaldialogue公认的国际关系原则     generallyacceptedprinciplesofinternationalrelations公正合理的国际政治经济新秩序afairandrationalnewinternationalpoliticalandeconomicorder国际关系的准则         normsgoverninginternationalrelations国际关系中最起码的准则 rudimentarycodeofinternationalrelations国际惯例               internationalcommonpractice国家不分大小应该一律平等Allcountries,bigorsmall,shouldbeequal捍卫国家主权领土完整和民族尊严safeguardnationalsovereignty,territorialintegrity,andnationaldignity和平共处五项原则       theFivePrinciplesofPeacefulCoexistence互谅互让               mutualunderstandingandmutualaccommodation互通有无               exchangeofneededgoods抗美援朝战争           WartoResistUSAggressionandAidKorea联络处                 liaisonoffice领土管辖权             territorialjurisdiction领土毗连               territorialcontiguity流血冲突               bloodyconflict民间外交               peopletopeoplediplomacy南北对话               SouthNorthdialogue南南合作               SouthSouthcooperation贫穷国家               impoverishednation全方位外交             multifaceteddiplomacy伸张正义主持公道     adheretoprinciplesandupholdjustice神圣不可侵犯           sacredandinviolable审视度势               sizeupthesituation诉诸武力或以武力相威胁 resorttotheuseorthreatofforce外交使团               diplomaticmission外交政策的基石         cornerstoneofacountry’sforeignpolicy维持外交关系           maintaindiplomaticrelations维护人权和不断改善人权状况safeguardhumanrightsandsteadilyimprovethehumanrightssituation维护世界和平          safeguardworldpeace无中生有              makecreatesomethingoutofnothing武装冲突              armedconflict削减战略核武器会谈    strategicarmsreductiontalks(START)用和平手段解决争端    solvedisputesbypeacefulmeans正式照会              formalnote中立国                neutralstate中美联合公报          SinoUSjointcommunique互相尊重求同存异adheretotheprincipleofmutualrespectandseekcommongroundwhileshelvingdifferences度假外交holidaymakingdiplomacy弹性外交elasticdiplomacy民间外交peopletopeoplediplomacy 国际组织Community共同体CaribbeanCommonMarket加勒比共同市场Caribbeancommunity, CARICOM加勒比共同体CentralAmericanMarket, CACM中美洲共同市场CommunauteEconomiquedel'Afriquedel'Ouest, CEAO西非经济共同体,EastAfricanCommunity,EAC,东非共同体EconomicCommunityofWestAfricanStates, ECOWAS西非国家经济共同体EuropeanCommonMarket欧洲共同市场EuropeanEconomicCommunity, EEC欧洲经济共同体FrenchCommunity法兰西共同体Conference会议ArabSummitConference阿拉伯首脑会议ConferenceofHeadsofStateandGovernmentofNonAlignedCountries不结盟国家和政府首脑会议(不结盟国家会议)AssemblyoftheHeadsofStateandGovernmentoftheOrganizationofAfricanUnity非洲国家和政府会议ConferenceofDevelopingCountries(thenationgroup)开发中国家会议(七十七国集团)ConferenceofHeadsofStateandGovernmentofEastandCentralAfricanCountries东非和中非国家元首和政府首脑会议(东非和中非国家首脑会议)IslamicConference伊斯兰会议Council理事会AsianandPacificCouncil, ASPAC亚洲太平洋地区理事会Australia, NewZealand, UnitedStatesTreatyOrganizationCouncil, ANZUS澳新美理事会NordicCouncil北欧理事会WorldPeaceCouncil世界和平理事会Confederation联合会InternationalConfederationofFreeTradeUnion, ICFTU国际自由工会联合会WorldConfederationofLabor, WCL世界劳工联合会WorldFederationofTradeUnions, WFTU世界工会联合会WorldFederationofUnitedNationsAssociations, WFUNA联合国协会世界联合会Association联盟AssociationofSouthEastAsianNations, ASEAN东南亚国家联盟(东盟)EuropeanBroadcastingUnion, EBU欧洲广播联盟EuropeanFreeTradeAssociation, EFTA欧洲自由贸易联盟InternationalCooperativeAlliance, ICA国际合作社联盟InterParliamentaryUnion, IPU各国议会联盟LeagueofArabStates(ArabLeague)阿拉伯国家联盟WesternEuropeanUnion, WEU西欧联盟Association协会AfroAsianJournalists'Association亚非新闻工作者协会AfroAsianWriters'Association亚非作家协会EuropeanCommunityofWriters欧洲作家协会InternationalCommitteeoftheRedCross, ICRC红十字国际委员会InternationalOrganizationofJournalists, IOJ国际新闻工作者协会InternationalPen国际笔会InternationalRedCrossConference, IRCC国际红十字大会LeagueofRedCrossSocieties, LRCS红十字会协会UniversalEsperantoAssociation, UEA国际世界语协会Bank银行AfricanDevelopmentBank, AFDB非州开发银行AsianDevelopmentBank, ADB亚洲开发银行CaribbeanDevelopmentBank, CDB加勒比开发银行EuropeanInvestmentBank, CDB欧洲投资银行InterAmericanDevelopmentBank, IADB美洲开发银行InternationalBankforEconomicCooperation, IBEC国际经济合作银行IslamicDevelopmentBank, IDB伊斯兰开发银行WorldBank世界银行Organization组织AndeanPactOrganization(Andeangroup), ANCOM安第斯条约组织(安第斯集团)EuropeanOrganizationforNuclearResearch, CERN欧洲核研究组织InternationalRadioandTelevisionOrganization, OIRT国际广播电视组织InternationalTelecommunicationSatelliteConsortium, INTELSAT国际通讯卫星组织NorthAtlanticTreatyOrganization, NATO北大西洋公约组织(北约)OrganizationofAfricanUnity, OAU非洲统一组织OrganizationofAmericanStates, OAS美洲国家组织OrganizationofArabPetroleumExportingCountries, OAPEC阿拉伯石油输出国组织OrganizationofcentralAmericanStates中美洲国家组织OrganizationoftheIslamicConference, OCAS伊斯兰会议组织OrganizationofthePetroleumExportingCountries, OPEC石油输出国组织(欧佩克) 国际关系protectorate(被)保护国asylum庇护避难forntierregion, borderregion边界地区boundarynegotiation边界谈判statusquooftheboundary边界现状nevertoattachanyconditions不附带任何条件nonalignedcountries不结盟国家patrimonialsea承袭海consultations磋商thethirdworld第三世界imperialism帝国主义nauticalmilemaritimerights二百海里海洋权developingcountries发展中国家dependency附庸国plebiscite公民投票generallyacceptedprinciplesofinternationalrelations公认的国际关系原则jointaction共同行动normalizationofrelations关系正常化anestablishedprincipleofinternationallaw国际法准则rudimentarycodeofinternationalrelations国际关系中最起码的准则internationalwaters国际水域internationalsituation国际形势mergerofstates国家合并nationalboundary国界maritimeresources海洋资源mutualunderstandingandmutualaccommodation互谅互让exchangeofneededgoods互通有无fundamentalrights基本权利reductionorcancellationofdebts减轻债务负担NearEast近东rightofresidence居留权armsdealer, merchantofdeath军火商territorialsea领海limitsofterritorialsea领海范围breadthofterritorialsea领海宽度territorialair领空territorialwaters领水inalienabilityofterritory领土的不可割让性territorialjurisdiction领土管辖权territorialcontiguity领土毗连territorialintegrity领土完整refugeecamp难民营countryofone'sresidence侨居国completeprohibitionandthoroughdestructionofnuclearweapons全面禁止和彻底销毁核武器peopletopeoplecontactsandexchanges人民之间的联系和交流sacredandinviolable神圣不可侵犯ecocide生态灭绝practical, efficient, economicalandconvenientforuse实用,有效,廉价,方便bilateralandmultilateraleconomiccooperation双边和多边经济合作bilateraltrade双边贸易dualnationality双重国籍trusteeship托管制度outerspace外层空间solelegalgovernment唯一合法政府loanswithnoorlowinterest无息和低息贷款colonialismandneocolonialism新老殖民主义delayedrepaymentofcapitalandinterest延期还本付息extradition引渡Zionism犹太复国主义friendlyexchanges友好往来disputedareas有争议的地区fisheryresources渔业资源politicaloffender政治犯politicalfugitive政治逃犯MiddleEast, Mideast中东neutralstate, neutralcountry中立国neutralizedstate永久中立国apartheid, racialsegregation种族隔离genocide种族灭绝sovereignstate主权国家exclusiveeconomiczone专属经济区suzerainstate, metropolitanstate宗主国suzerainty宗主权tomaintainneutrality保持中立tosafeguardnationalsovereigntyandnationalresources保卫国家主权和民族资源totakeconcertedsteps采取协调行动toundertakeobligationsinrespectofthenuclearfreezone对无核区承担义务todeveloprelationsofpeaceandfriendship, equalityandmutualbenefit, andprolongedstability发展和平友好、平等互利、长期稳定的关系todevelopthenationaleconomy发展民族经济topeddlemunitions贩卖军火Allcountries, bigorsmall, shouldbeequal国家不分大小,应该一律平等toestablishnormalstaterelations建立正常的国家关系toseekafairandreasonablesolution求得公平合理的解决tomakeupforeachother'sdeficiencies取长补短tonegotiatethroughdiplomaticchannels通过外交途径进行谈判tosafeguardnationalindependenceandtheintegrityofsovereignty维护国家独立和主权完整tosafeguardworldpeace维护世界和平tosolvedisputesbypeacefulmeans用和平手段解决争端inconsiderationoftheactualconditions照顾现实情况

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