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首页 大学英语精读1-6册课文完整版

大学英语精读1-6册课文完整版.doc

大学英语精读1-6册课文完整版

老人的儿子
2010-01-15 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《大学英语精读1-6册课文完整版doc》,可适用于考试题库领域

第一册UNITWanttoknowhowtoimproveyourgradeswithouthavingtospendmoretimestudyingSoundstoogoodtobetrueWell,readonHowtoImproveYourStudyHabitsPerhapsyouareanaveragestudentwithaverageintelligenceYoudowellenoughinschool,butyouprobablythinkyouwillneverbeatopstudentThisisnotnecessarilythecase,howeverYoucanreceivebettergradesifyouwanttoYes,evenstudentsofaverageintelligencecanbetopstudentswithoutadditionalworkHere'show:PlanyourtimecarefullyMakealistofyourweeklytasksThenmakeascheduleorchartofyourtimeFillincommittedtimesuchaseating,sleeping,meetings,classes,etcThendecideongood,regulartimesforstudyingBesuretosetasideenoughtimetocompleteyournormalreadingandworkassignmentsOfcourse,studyingshouldn'toccupyallofthefreetimeonthescheduleIt'simportanttosetasidetimeforrelaxation,hobbies,andentertainmentaswellThisweeklyschedulemaynotsolveallofyourproblems,butitwillmakeyoumoreawareofhowyouspendyourtimeFurthermore,itwillenableyoutoplanyouractivitiessothatyouhaveadequatetimeforbothworkandplayFindagoodplacetostudyChooseoneplaceforyourstudyareaItmaybeadeskorachairathomeorintheschoollibrary,butitshouldbecomfortable,anditshouldnothavedistractionsWhenyoubegintowork,youshouldbeabletoconcentrateonthesubjectSkimbeforeyoureadThismeanslookingoverapassagequicklybeforeyoubegintoreaditmorecarefullyAsyoupreviewthematerial,yougetsomeideaofthecontentandhowitisorganizedLaterwhenyoubegintoreadyouwillrecognizelessimportantmaterialandyoumayskipsomeoftheseportionsSkimminghelpsdoubleyourreadingspeedandimprovesyourcomprehensionaswellMakegooduseofyourtimeinclassListeningtowhattheteachersaysinclassmeanslessworklaterSitwhereyoucanseeandhearwellTakenotestohelpyourememberwhattheteachersaysStudyregularlyGooveryournotesassoonasyoucanafterclassReviewimportantpointsmentionedinclassaswellaspointsyouremainconfusedaboutReadaboutthesepointsinyourtextbookIfyouknowwhattheteacherwilldiscussthenextday,skimandreadthatmaterialtooThiswillhelpyouunderstandthenextclassIfyoureviewyournotesandtextbookregularly,thematerialwillbecomemoremeaningfulandyouwillrememberitlongerRegularreviewleadstoimprovedperformanceontestDevelopagoodattitudeabouttestsThepurposeofatestistoshowwhatyouhavelearnedaboutasubjectTheworldwon'tendifyoudon'tpassatest,sodon'tworryexcessivelyaboutasingletestTestsprovidegrades,buttheyalsoletyouknowwhatyouneedtospendmoretimestudying,andtheyhelpmakeyourknowledgepermanentThereareothertechniquesthatmighthelpyouwithyourstudyingOnlyafewhavebeenmentionedhereYouwillprobablydiscovermanyothersafteryouhavetriedtheseTalkwithyourclassmatesabouttheirstudytechniquesSharewiththemsomeofthetechniquesyouhavefoundtobehelpfulImprovingyourstudyhabitswillimproveyourgradesUNITTEXTAtsixtyfiveFrancisChichestersetouttosailsinglehandedroundtheworldThisisthestoryofthatadventureSailingRoundtheWorldBeforehesailedroundtheworldsinglehanded,FrancisChichesterhadalreadysurprisedhisfriendsseveraltimesHehadtriedtoflyroundtheworldbutfailedThatwasinTheyearspassedHegaveupflyingandbegansailingHeenjoyeditgreatlyChichesterwasalreadyyearsoldwhenhewonthefirstsolotransatlanticsailingraceHisolddreamofgoingroundtheworldcameback,butthistimehewouldsailHisfriendsanddoctorsdidnotthinkhecoulddoit,ashehadlungcancerButChichesterwasdeterminedtocarryouthisplanInAugust,,attheageofnearlysixtyfive,anagewhenmanymenretire,hebeganthegreatestvoyageofhislifeSoon,hewasawayinthisnewmetreboat,GipsyMothChichesterfollowedtherouteofthegreatnineteenthcenturyclippershipsButtheclippershadhadplentyofcrewChicheaterdiditallbyhimself,evenafterthemainsteeringdevicehadbeendamagedbygalesChichestercovered,milesbeforestoppinginSydney,AustraliaThiswasmorethantwicethedistanceanyonehadpreviouslysailedaloneHearrivedinAustraliaonDecember,justdaysoutfromEnglandHereceivedawarmwelcomefromtheAustraliansandfromhisfamilywhohadflowntheretomeethimOnshore,ChichestercouldnotwalkwithouthelpEverybodysaidthesamething:hehaddoneenoughhemustnotgoanyfurtherButhedidnotlistenAfterrestinginSydneyforafewweeks,Chichestersetoffoncemoreinspiteofhisfriends'attemptstodissuadehimThesecondhalfofhisvoyagewasbyfarthemoredangerouspart,duringwhichhesailedroundthetreacherousCapeHornOnJanuaryheleftAustraliaThemextnight,theblackesthehadeverknown,theseabecamesoroughthattheboatalmostturnedoverFood,clothes,andbrokenglasswereallmixedtogetherFortunately,bedandwenttosleepWhenhewokeup,theseahadbecomecalmthenearestpersonhecouldcontactbyradio,unlesstherewasashipnearby,WildbeonanislandmilesawayAftersucceedinginsailingroundCapeHorn,ChichestersentthefollowiingradiomessagetoLondon:"IfeelasifIhadwakenedfromanightmareWildhorsescouldnotdragmedowntoCapeHornandthatsinisterSouthernOceanagain"Juatbeforeo'clockonSundayeveningMay,,heaeeivedbackinEngland,whereaquarterofamillionpeoplewerewaitingtowelcomehimQueehElizabethIIknigthedhimwiththeveryswordthatQueenElizabethIhadsailedroundtheworldforthefirsttimeThewholevoyagefromEnglandandbackhadcovered,milesIthadtakenhimninemonths,ofwhichthesailingtimewasdaysHehaddonewhathewantedtoaccomplishLikemanyotheradventurers,ChichesterhadexperiencedfearandconquereditIndoingso,hehadundoubtedlylearntsomethingabouthimselfMoreover,inthemodernagewhenhumanbeingsdependsomuchonmachines,hehadgivenmenthroughouttheworldnewprideUNITTEXTTheysaythatbloodisthickerthanwater,thatourrelativesaremoreimportanttousthanothersEveryonewassokindtotheoldladyonherbirthdaySurelyherdaughterwouldmakeanevenbiggerefforttopleaseheThePresentItwastheoldlady'sbirthdayShegotupearlytobereadyforthepostFromthesecondfloorflatshecouldseethepostmanwhenhecamedownthestreet,andthelittleboyfromthegroundfloorbroughtupherlettersontherareoccasionswhenanythingcameTodayshewassurethewouldbesomethingMyrawouldn'tforgethermother'sbirthday,evenifsheseldomwroteatothertimesOfcourseMyrawasbusyHerhusbandhadbeenmadeMayor,andMyraherselfhadgotamedalforherworktheagedTheoldladywasproudofMyra,butEnidwasthedaughtershelovedEnidhadnevermarried,buthadseemedcontenttolivewithhermother,andteachinaprimaryschoolroundthecornerOneevening,however,Enidsaid,"I'vearrangedforMrsMorrisontolookafteryouforafewdays,MotherTomorrowIhavetogointohospitaljustaminoroperation,I'llsoonbehome"Inthemorningshewent,butnevercamebackshediedontheoperatingtableMyracametothefuneral,andinherefficientwayarrangedforMrsMorrisontocomeinandlightthefireandgivetheoldladyherbreakfastTwoyearsagothatwas,andsincethenMyrahadbeentoseehermotherthreetimes,butherhusbandneverTheoldladywaseighttodayShehadputonherbestdressPerhapsperhapsMyramightcomeAfterall,eightywasaspecialbirthday,anotherdecadelinedorenduredjustasyouchosetolookatitEvenifMyradidnotcome,shewouldsendapresentTheoldladywassureofthatTwospotsofcolourbrightenedhercheeksShewasexcitedlikeachildShewouldenjoyherdayYesterdayMrsMorrisonhadgiventheflatanextraclean,andtodayshehadbroughtacardandabunchofmarigoldswhenshecametodothebreakfastMrsGrantdownstairshadmadeacake,andintheafternoonshewasgoingdowntheretoteaThelittleboy,Johnnie,hadbeenupwithapacketofmints,andsaidhewouldn'tgoouttoplayuntiltheposthadcome"Iguessyou'llgetlotsandlotsofpresents,"hesaid,"IdidlastwerewhenIwassix"WhatwouldshelikeApairofslippersperhapsOranewcardiganAcardiganwouldbelovelyBlue'ssuchaprettycolourJimhadalwayslikedherinblueOratablelampOrabook,atravelbook,withpictures,oralittleclock,withclearblacknumbersSomanylovelythingsShestoodbythewindow,watchingThepostmanturnedroundthecorneronhisbicycleHerheartbeatfastJohnniehadseenhimtooandrantothegateThenclatter,clatterupthestairsJohnnieknockedatherdoor"Granny,granny,"heshouted,"I'vegotyourpost"HegaveherfourenvelopesThreewereunsealedcardsfromoldfriendsThefourthwassealed,inMyra'swritingTheoldladyfeltapangofdisappointment"Noparcel,Johnnie""No,granny"MaybetheparcelwastoolargetocomebyletterpostThatwasitItwouldcomelaterbyparcelpostShemustbepatientAlmostreluctantlyshetoretheenvelopeopenFoldedinthecardwasapieceofpaperWrittenonthecardwasamessageundertheprintedHappyBirthdayBuyyourselfsomethingnicewiththecheque,MyraandHaroldThechequeflutteredtothefloorlikeabirdwithabrokenwingSlowlytheoldladystoopedtopickitupHerpresent,herlovelypresentWithtremblingfingersshetoreitintolittlebitsNEWWORDSUNITTEXTManypeopleintheUnitedStatesspendmostoftheirfreetimewatchingtelevisionCertainly,therearemanyworthwhileprogramsontelevision,includingnews,educationalprogramsforchildren,programsoncurrentsocialproblems,plays,movies,concerts,andsoonNevertheless,perhapspeopleshouldnotbespendingsomuchoftheirtimeinfrontoftheTVMrMayerimagineswhatwemightdoifwewereforcedtofindotheractivitiesTurningoffTV:aQuietHourIwouldliketoproposethatforsixtytoninetyminuteseachevening,rightaftertheearlyeveningnews,alltelevisionbroadcastingintheUnitedStatesbeprohibitedbylawLetustakeaserious,reasonablelookatwhattheresultsbeifsuchaproposalwereacceptedFamiliesmightusethetimeforarealfamilyhourWithoutthedistractionofTV,theymightsitaroundtogetherafterdinnerandactuallytalktooneanotherItiswellknownthatmanyofourproblemseverything,infact,fromthegenerationgaptothehighdivorceratetosomeformsofmentalillnessarecausedatleastinpartbyfailuretocommunicateWedonottelleachotherwhatisdisturbingusTheresultisemotionaldifficultyofonekindoranotherByusingthequietfamilyhourtodiscussourproblems,wemightgettoknoweachotherbetter,andtolikeeachotherbetterOneveningswhensuchtalkisunnecessary,familiescouldrediscovermoreactivepastimesFreedfromTV,forcedtofindtheirownactivities,theymighttakearidetogethertowatchthesunsetOrtheymighttakeawalktogether(rememberfeet)andseetheneighborhoodwithfresh,neweyesWithfreetimeandnoTV,childrenandadultsmightrediscoverreadingThereismoreentertainmentinagoodbookthaninamonthoftypicalTVprogrammingEducatorsreportthatthegenerationgrowingupwithtelevisioncanbarelywriteanEnglishsentence,evenatthecollegelevelWritingisoftenlearnedfromreadingAmoreliteratenewgenerationcouldbeaproductofthequiethourAdifferentformofreadingmightalsobedone,asitwasinthepast:readingaloudFewpastimesbringafamilyclosertogetherthangatheringaroundandlisteningtomotherorfatherreadagoodstoryThequiethourcouldbecomethestoryhourWhenthequiethourends,theTVnetworksmightevenbeforcedtocomeupwithbettershowsinordertogetusbackfromournewlydiscoveredactivitiesAtfirstglance,theideaofanhourwithoutTVseemsradicalWhatwillparentsdowithouttheelectronicbabysitterHowwillwespendthetimeButitisnotradicalatallIthasbeenonlytwentyfiveyearssincetelevisioncametocontrolAmericanfreetimeThoseofusthirtyfiveandoldercanrememberchildhoodswithouttelevision,spentpartlywithradiowhichatleastinvolvedthelistener'simaginationbutalsowithreading,learning,talking,playinggames,inventingnewactivitiesItwasn'tthatdifficultHonestThetruthiswehadaballUNITTEXTAmiserableandmerryChristmasHowcoulditbeAMiserable,MerryChristmasChristmaswascomingIwantedaponyTomakesurethatmyparentsunderstood,IdeclaredthatIwantednotingelse"Nothingbutapony"myfatherasked"Nothing,"Isaid"Notevenapairofhighboots"ThatwashardIdidwantboots,butIstucktothepony"No,notevenboots""NorcandyThereoughttobesomethingtofillyourstockingwith,andSantaClauscan'tputaponyintoastocking,"Thatwastrue,andhecouldn'tleadaponydownthechimneyeitherButno"AllIwantisapony,"Isaid"IfIcan'thaveapony,givemenothing,nothing"OnChristmasEveIhungupmystockingalongwithmysistersThenextmorningmysistersandIwokeupatsixThenweraceddownstairstothefireplaceAndtheretheywere,thegifts,allsortsofwonderfulthings,mixeduppilesofpresentsOnlymystockingwasemptyithunglimpnotathinginitandunderandarounditnothingMysistershadkneltdown,eachbyherpileofgiftstheywerecryingwithdelight,tilltheylookedupandsawmestandingtherelookingsomiserableTheycameovertomeandfeltmystocking:nothingIdon'trememberwhetherIcriedatthatmoment,butmysistersdidTheyranwithmebacktomybed,andthereweallcriedtillIbecameindignantThathelpedsomeIgotup,dressed,anddrivingmysistersaway,Iwentoutaloneintothestable,andthere,allbymyself,IweptMymothercameouttomeandshetriedtocomfortmeButIwantednocomfortSheleftmeandwentonintothehousewithsharpwordsformyfatherMysisterscametome,andIwasrudeIranawayfromthemIwentaroundtothefrontofthehouse,satdownonthesteps,and,thecryingover,IachedIwaswronged,IwashurtAndmyfathermusthavebeenhurt,too,alittleIsawhimlookingoutofthewindowHewaswatchingmeorsomethingforanhourortwo,drawingbackthecurtainsolittlelestIcatchhim,butIsawhisface,andIthinkIcanseenowtheanxietyupononit,theworriedimpatienceAfteranhourortwo,Icaughtsightofamanridingaponydownthestreet,aponyandabrandnewsaddlethemostbeautifulsaddleIeversaw,anditwasaboy'ssaddleAndthepony!Ashedrewnear,Isawthattheponywasreallyasmallhorse,withablackmaneandtail,andonewhitefootandawhitestaronhisforeheadForsuchahorseasthatIwouldhavegivenanythingButthemancamealong,readingthenumbersonthehouses,and,asmyhopesmyimpossiblehopesrose,helookedatourdoorandpassedby,heandthepony,andthesaddleToomuch,IfelluponthestepsandbrokeintotearsSuddenlyIheardavoice"Say,kid,"itsaid,"doyouknowaboynamedLennieSteffens"IlookedupItwasthemanonthepony,backagain"Yes,"Isplutteredthroughmytears"That'sme""Well,"hesaid,"thenthisisyourhorseI'vebeenlookingalloverforyouandyourhouseWhydon'tyouputyournumberwhereitcanbeseen""Getdown,"Isaid,runningouttohimIwantedtorideHewentonsayingsomethingabout"oughttohavegothereatseveno'clock,but"Ihardlyheard,IcouldscarcelywaitIwassohappy,sothrilledIrodeoffupthestreetSuchabeautifulponyAndmine!AfterawhileIturnedandtrottedbacktothestableTherewasthefamily,father,mother,sisters,allworkingforme,allhappyTheyhadbeenputtinginplacethetoolsofmynewbusiness:currycomb,brush,pitchforkeverything,andtherewashayintheloftButthatChristmas,whichmyfatherhadplannedsocarefully,wasitthebestortheworstIeverknewHeoftenaskedmethatInevercouldanswerasaboyIthinknowthatitwasbothItcoveredthewholedistancefrombrokenheartedmiserytoburstinghappinesstoofast,AgrownupcouldhardlyhavestooditUNITTEXTSansetouttoimproveefficiencyattheshirtfactorybut,aswefindoutlaterinthisunit,hisplansturnedoutnotquiteashehadexpectedSamAdams,IndustrialEngineerIfyouaskmymotherhowIhappenedtobecomeanindustrialengineer,she'lltellyouthatIhavealwaysbeenoneShemeansthatIhavealwayswantedeverythingtobewellorganizedandneatWhenIwasstillinelementaryschool,Ilikedtokeepmysocksintheupperlefthanddrawerofmybureau,myunderwearintheupperrightdrawer,shirtsinthemiddledrawer,andpants,neatlyfolded,inthebottomdrawerInfact,IwastheefficiencyexpertforthewholefamilyIusedtoorganizemyfather'stools,mymother'skitchenutensils,mysister'sboyfriendsIneededtobeefficientIwantedtobewellorganizedForme,therewasaplaceforeverythingandeverythingwasalwaysinitsplaceThesequalitiesgavemeagoodfoundationforacareerinindustrialengineeringUnfortunately,IwasalsoabitbossyandIwasn'taverygoodlistenerYou'llseewhatImeanwhenItellyouaboutthefirstprojectIeverdidafterIfinishedmybachelor'sdegreeattheuniversityAftergraduationIreturnedhometomysmalltowninIndianaIdidn'thaveajobyetMrHobbs,afriendofmyfather's,ownedasmallshirtfactoryintownWithinthepastfiveyearsithadgrownfromtwentytoeightyworkersMrHobbswasworriedthathisplantwasgettingtoobigandinefficient,soheaskedmetocomeinonashorttermbasisasaconsultantIwenttotheplantandspentaboutaweeklookingaroundandmakingnotesIwasreallyamazedatwhatIsawMostcuriousofall,therewasnoqualitycontrolwhatsoeverNooneinspectedthefinalproductofthefactoryAsaresultsomeoftheshirtsthatwereputinboxesforshipmentweremissingoneortwobuttons,thecollar,evenasleevesometimes!TheworkingconditionswerepoorThetableswheretheworkerssatwereveryhighanduncomfortableExceptforahalfhouratlunchtime,therewerenobreaksinthedaytorelievetheboringworkTherewasnomusicThewallsoftheworkroomswereadullgraycolorIwasamazedthattheworkershadn'tgoneonstrikeFurthermore,theworkflowwasirregularTherewasoneespeciallyabsentmindedyoungmanintheassemblylinewhosewedonbuttonsAfterawhileIrecognizedhimas"BigJim,"whousedtositbehindmeinmathclassinhighschoolHewasveryslowandalltheshiftswereheldupathispositionWorkersbeyondh

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大学英语精读1-6册课文完整版

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