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首页 2010年职称英语综合类新增文章

2010年职称英语综合类新增文章.pdf

2010年职称英语综合类新增文章

winddancerwe
2010-01-13 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《2010年职称英语综合类新增文章pdf》,可适用于外语资料领域

找外语学习资料学视频网络课程就来外语教育网外语教育网wwwforcom报名咨询电话:免费热线:传真:职称英语考试精华资料目录年职称英语考试网上辅导课程:年职称英语考试网上辅导招生方案!年职称英语考试实验班网上辅导招生方案!年职称英语考试精品班网上辅导招生方案!职称英语备考专题:职称英语考试指南外语教育网职称英语有问必答!年职称英语考试电子会刊年《职称英语考前每日一练》节目单☆☆☆年外语教育网职称英语考友报道帖☆☆☆职称外语各地免考规定一览各地职称英语免考规定及相关成绩使用规定汇总全国专业技术人员职称外语等级考试报考级别类别参照表职称英语备考资料下载:职称英语题型分析年职称英语考试宜提前准备职称英语考试大纲WORD版下载!职称英语考试历年真题(★新增年真题!)职称英语核心词汇下载年职称英语考试辅导课程体系简介(视频)--周涵职称英语考试考点详解职称英语考试教材版本及价格!找外语学习资料学视频网络课程就来外语教育网外语教育网wwwforcom报名咨询电话:免费热线:传真:年职称英语等级考试用书(综合类)新增文章第四部分阅读理解(共篇)第五篇SinoJapanAnimosityLessensChineseandJapanesepeoplevieweachotherslightlymorepositivelythanlastyear,accordingtoasurveyreleasedonWednesdayatapressconferenceinBeijingThesurveyisjointlysponsoredbyChinaDailyandGenronNPO,aJapanesethinktanksimilartotheAmericanCouncilonForeignRelationsItalsofoundoverwhelmingagreementinbothcountriesthatSinoJapaneserelationswereimportantThesurveyisapartoftheBeijingTokyoForum,anannualgatheringofseniorgovernmentofficialsandrepresentativesfromChineseandJapaneseNGOsdesignedtoimprovecommunicationandunderstandingbetweenthetwocountriesConductedeveryyearforfiveyearsnow,thesurveyfocusedontwodifferentgroupsofpeople:ordinarycitizens,andintellectualsInChina,theintellectualgroupwascomprisedmainlyofuniversitystudentsfromwellknownschoolslikePekingUniversityInJapan,the"intellectual"groupwasmainlymadeupofpreviousmembersofGenronNPOAmongordinaryChinesepolled,percentsaidtheyhave"verygood"or"relativelygood"impressionsofJapan,apercentagepointincreasecomparedwithlastyearpercentofChinesestudentshadapositiveimpressionofJapan,twopercentagepointsmorethanlastyearOnlypercentofJapanesehaveapositiveimpressionofChina,howeverStill,anoverwhelmingmajorityoftherespondentsfromeachcountrysaidSinoJapaneserelationswere"important"andwantedtheirleaderstodeepentalksandcooperationwitheachotherButpercentofordinarypeopleandpercentofstudentsinChinasaidtheysawnochangeinrelationsbetweenthetwocountriesoverthelastyearInJapan,percentofthoseordinarypeopleandpercentofintellectualssurveyedsharedtheviewthattherewasnoimprovementinbilateraltiesthisyearHistoricalissuesandterritorialdisputesremaintwomajorobstaclestoimprovingbilateralrelations,thesurveyfoundWhatconcernstheChinesemostarehistoricalissues,visitsbyJapaneseofficialstoYasukuniShrine,andtheNanjingMassacre找外语学习资料学视频网络课程就来外语教育网外语教育网wwwforcom报名咨询电话:免费热线:传真:Perceptionsoneconomicandtraderelationshaveimproved,thoughAboutpercentofordinaryJapanesesaidChinahadbeen"helpful"thisyearinfightingtheglobaleconomiccrisis,comparedwithjustpercentlastyearThepercentofJapaneseintellectualswhosaidChineseeconomicgrowthwasgoodforJapanincreasedfrompercenttopercentthisyearCooperationinEastAsianissues,tradeandinvestment,energy,andtheenvironmentandclimatechangetopthelistofcommonconcernsthatpeopleinChinaandJapanwanttheirleaderstotalkaboutinbilateralmeetings,thesurveyfoundCivilexchangeswereregardedbythemostpeoplefromthebothcountriesasanimportantwaytoimproverelationspercentofthestudentsandpercentoftheordinarypeopleinChinaandofintellectualsandoftheordinarypeopleinJapanviewedcivilexchangesas"important"or"relativelyimportant"ChineseandJapanesebothlearnabouteachother'scountriesmostlythroughtelevisionnewsandnewspapers,thesurveyfound词汇:animosityn憎恶敌意仇恨massacren大屠杀overwhelmingadj压倒性的势不可挡的bilateraladj有两边的(两党、两国等)双边的注释:NPO:是英文"nonprofitorganization"的缩写直译为"非营利性的组织"。NGO:是英文"nongovernmentorganization"的缩写直译为"非政府组织"。YasukuniShrine靖国神社。练习:WhichofthefollowingstatementsaboutthesurveyistrueA)ThesurveywasconductedonWednesdayatapressconferenceinBeijingB)ThesurveyisjointlysponsoredbyyChinaDaily,GenronNPOandtheAmericanCouncilonForeignRelationsC)ThesurveyfoundthatpeopleinbothChinaandJapangenerallyagreethattherelationshipbetweenthetwocountriesisimportantD)Thesurveymainlyfocusedontwodifferentgroupsofpeople:ordinarycitizens,andtheuniversitystudentsAccordingtothepassage,theBeijingTokyoForumA)isheldeveryyearinBeijingB)aimsatpromotingcommunicationbetweenthetwocountriesC)mainlyattractsrepresentativesfromthegovernmentsofthetwocountriesD)releasesasurveyonSinoJapaneserelationeveryfiveyears找外语学习资料学视频网络课程就来外语教育网外语教育网wwwforcom报名咨询电话:免费热线:传真:Inthelastyear,ofordinaryChineseandofChinesestudentshaveapositiveimpressionofJapanA)B)C)D)WhichofthefollowingisNOTmentionedasthemajorobstaclestoimprovingbilateraltiesA)territorialdisputesB)tradefrictionsC)visitsbyJapaneseofficialstoYasukuniShrineD)theNanjingMassacreThesurveyfoundthatA)mostJapanesehadgoodorrelativelygoodimpressionsofChinaB)thebilateralrelationshipwasperceivedasbeingimprovedoverlastyearbythemajorityofrespondentsfromthebothcountriesC)anoverwhelmingmajorityoftherespondentsfromeachcountrybelievedthattheCivilexchangeswereanimportantwaytoimproverelationsD)Theterritorialissuerankedamongthetoplistofcommonconcernsthatpeopleinbothcountrieswanttheirleaderstotalkaboutinbilateralmeetings答案与题解:.C从第二段最后一句话可知中日两国民众普遍认为两国之间的关系很重要。.B第三段明确表示论坛的宗旨是为了增进两国之间的沟通和理解。.D第五段中说本年度普通中国人和大学生中对日本印象较好的人所占比例分别为%和%分别比上一年度增长个百分点和个百分点因此可以计算出去年普通中国人和大学生对日本持积极态度的百分比分别为%和%。.B第八段列出了阻碍中日关系正常发展的主要障碍分别是领土争端和历史问题后者包括南京大屠杀和日本领导人参拜靖国神社。贸易摩擦则没有提及。.C从倒数第三段提供的数据可知中日两国大多数人认为民间交往是促进两国关系发展的重要途径。第三十篇WikipediaImposesNewCurbsonEditingArticlesWikipedia,thefamousonlineencyclopedia,islookingtoimposemoredisciplinewithnewrestrictionsontheeditingofarticlesThelatestchangescomeasWikipediatriestobalanceaneedforcredibilityandadesireforopennessWhileanyonecanstilleditentries,thesiteistestingpagesthatwon'tregisterchangesuntiltheyareapprovedbyanexperiencedWikipediaeditorIfthesite'susersrespondwelltothetestrun,thenewrestrictionswillapplytoallentriesforlivingpeopleinthenextfewweeksTheideaistoblockthekindofhighprofilevandalismthathasmarred找外语学习资料学视频网络课程就来外语教育网外语教育网wwwforcom报名咨询电话:免费热线:传真:somepagesInoneofthemostrecentembarrassments,USDemocraticSenatorsRobertByrdwasprematurelydeclareddeadbyrogueeditorsStill,Wikipediarisksdiscouraginglegitimateeditingifrestrictionsonchangesoradditionsbecometooburdensome,keepingarticlesfromgettingbetterorkeepingupwitheventsThatmaybeespeciallytrueonmoreobscurepageswithfeweractivevolunteerstoapproveeditstimelyAwareoftherisks,Wikipediahassetthecriteriafor"experiencededitor"statusrelativelylowUserswhoareregisteredforafewdayscangivechangestheOK,saidJayWalsh,aspokesmanforthenonprofitWikimediaFoundation,whichrunsthesiteAmoreuniformsystemforfilteringchangesonWikipediarepresentsastepbackfromthesite'soriginalphilosophy,whichcalledforharnessingthecollectiveknowledgeofvolunteereditorswithoutanymajorrestrictionsButitisnotthefirsttimeWikipediahasattachedsomestringsThesameflaggingprocess,forexample,hasbeenimposedonallentriesintheGermanlanguageWikipediaformorethanayearOntheEnglishsite,too,high,profilepagesthatarelikelytobedefaced,suchasMichaelJackson's,havebeentightlyrestrictedSomeobserversbelieveWikipediamustcontinuetighteningeditingpoliciesifitwantstogaincredibility"I'mjustwaitingfortheothershoetodrop,"saidErieGoldman,directoroftheHighTechLawInstituteattheSantaClaraUniversitySchoolofLawGoldmanenvisionsafutureWikipediacratedbyarelativelysmallgroupofdedicatededitorsUnderthecurrentmodel,hesaid,theresimplyaren'tenoughvolunteerstocatchallerrors"MyhopeisthatWikipediastillexistsandisstillconsideredausefulsite,"Goldmansaid"ButitwillbeatthatpointaverytightlycontrolledsiteItwon'thavethatveneerofasitethatanyonecancontributetoTheyhaven'tclosedthedrawbridgePeoplecanstillgetinButitkeepsgoingupandupandup"Separately,theOmidyarNetwork,aphilanthropicinvestmentgroupstartedbyeBayfounderPierreOmidyar,saidonTuesdayitiscommitting$millionovertwoyearstotheWikimediaFoundationOmidyarNetwork'sgrantwillsupportWikimedia'sgoalsofbringingfreeeducationalcontenttopeoplearoundtheworldandsupportingmorepeopletohelpcreatethatcontent词汇:curbn约束限制highprofileadj引人注目的vandalismn故意破坏marvt损坏(某事物)毁坏(公共财产等)的行为rogueadj刁滑的喜欢制造麻烦的找外语学习资料学视频网络课程就来外语教育网外语教育网wwwforcom报名咨询电话:免费热线:传真:defacen损坏(某物)的外观veneern虚假的外表装饰drawbridgen吊桥philanthropicadj博爱的与慈善事业有关的注释:Wikipedia:中文名为维基百科是全世界最大的网络百科全书。该句意为维基百科仍然没有对网民关闭人们仍然可以参与编纂词条。练习:WhatisthelatestchangeofWikipcdiaA)NownoteverybodycaneditentriesinWikipediaB)FewerrestrictionswillbeposedontheeditionofentriesC)SomeofthepageswillnotregisterchangeswithouttheapprovalofanexperiencedWikipediaeditorD)AllentriesforlivingpeoplewillnotbeeditedfromnowonWhyhasWikipediasetthecriteriafor"experiencededitor"statusrelativelylowA)BecauseexperiencededitorsarerareB)BecausealotofpeopleareinterestedintheeditingofentriesC)BecausestrictercriteriamaydiscouragelegitimateeditingD)BecausepeoplereceivenopayfortheireditingWhichstatementaboutRobertByrdisfalseA)HeisamemberofAmericanDemocraticPartyB)HeisamemberoftheSenateC)HewaswronglydeclareddeadbyWikipediaD)HeusedtoeditsentriesinWikipediaWhichofthefollowingstatementsaboutWikipediaistrueA)ThisisthefirsttimethatWikipediaimposesrestrictionsontheeditingofentriesB)PeoplecanstilleditalltheentriesontheEnglishsitefreelyC)ThecurrentdisciplineimposedontheeditingofarticlesistoolaxsothatalotofembarrassmentshavebeencausedD)WikipediaisnowfirmlystickingtoitsoriginalphilosophyPierreOmidyarisA)asenatorB)aspokesmanofWikipediaC)auniversityprofessorD)anenterpriser答案与题解:.C从前三段可知虽然现在每个人仍然都能编辑维基百科中的词条但其中的一些页面在得到一个“经验丰富”的编辑批准前不会变化。找外语学习资料学视频网络课程就来外语教育网外语教育网wwwforcom报名咨询电话:免费热线:传真:.C第七段说维基百科新近出台的限制条件冒着降低网民合法编辑词条的积极性这一风险为了规避这一风险维基百科把所谓的“经验丰富的编辑”标准设定得很低。.DRobertByrd是美国民主党的参议员最近维基百科中关于他的词条被人篡改错误地宣布他已经死亡。.C从文中可知维基百科现在的对编辑词条的限制条件过于宽松以致造成了许多尴尬情况发生。.D从最后一段可知PierreOmidyar是eBay的创始人因此D为正确答案。*第三十四篇CareerWithaUniformWANTtobethenextXuSanduoTheTVdramaSoldiers'Sortie(ShibingTuji)mighthavecausedmillionsofyoungpeopletodreamidlyofputtingonanarmyuniformandgoingofftobootcampInfact,alargenumberofstudentsgraduatingmightconsiderdoingjustthatLastmonth,thePeople'sLiberationArmy(PLA)announcedthattherewillbe,jobopeningsthisyearforcollegegradsSo,oneoutofeverygradshasachanceifheorshewouldliketomarchdowntothelocalrecruitingofficeAnyoneenlistingwillgetpreferentialtreatmentintuitioncompensationandinjobopportunitiesThisdecisioncomesagainstabackdropofbademploymentnewsandacoolingeconomyThisyear'srecruitmentquotaoutnumberslastyear's,byaboutthreefold"It'simportanttopullinfresh,talentedpeoplewhocandealwiththenewequipmentandahightechmilitarytomodernizethenation'sdefense,"saidBaiZixing,aseniorofficerinthePLAGeneralStaffDepartmentTheagelimitforcollegerecruitshasbeenraisedto,andthere'sonemoreimportantpolicychange:GradswhohavealreadyvolunteeredtosignupcanquitiftheychangetheirmindsafterfindinganotherjobbeforeNovember,thedeadlineforenlistmentThisgivesgradsanextrachoiceinstartingacareerThefollowingisalistofpreferentialthingsthatcollegegradsqualifyforiftheyjointhearmy:Aonetimerecruitmentpaymentofupto,yuan,tocoverfouryearsofcollegetuitionandloans(thishastobereturnedifthepersonisforcedtoleavethearmybeforecompletingtheservicecontract)PriorityinpromotionsandingettingadmittedtomilitaryacademiesAnyonewithabachelor'sdegreeoraboveandagoodperformancerecordcanbepromotedtotherankofofficerdirectly,iftheymeetcertainothercriteriaAnordinarysoldiermayneedacoupleofyearslongertogetthereAnyonewithajuniorcollegedegreecangoonforabachelor'sdegreewithouthavingtotaketheentranceexamsAnyonewantingtotakethegradschoolentranceexamaftercompletingtheirservicecanaddpointstotheexamresultsAnyonegettingameritcitationsecondclasscanentergradschoolwithout找外语学习资料学视频网络课程就来外语教育网外语教育网wwwforcom报名咨询电话:免费热线:传真:takingtheexamaftercompletionoftheserviceobligationTherearenorestrictionsonthingslikegoingabroadaftertheserviceperiod,unlessonedealswithconfidentialworkinthearmy词汇:sortien突击、突围enlistmentn服役期间outnumbervt在数量上超过(某人)注释:Soldiers'Sortie《士兵突击》是年开始在中国热播的一部电视剧。bootcamp:美国英语中表示训练新兵的营地。grads:graduates的缩写指大学毕业生。GeneralStaffDepartment:(中国人民解放军)总参谋部。juniorcollege:指专科院校练习:Accordingtothepassage,allofthefollowingreasonsmakemanycollegegradschoosetojointhearmyEXCEPT:A)TheStoryofXuSanduocausesyoungpeopletodreamtoputonauniformB)ThegradsarefacingagrimemploymentsituationC)ThepayfromthePLAisrelativelyhigherthanthegradscanearninotherjobsD)ThePLAoffersaseriesofpreferentialtreatmentsforcollegegradswhojointhearmyItcanbeinferredthataboutstudentsgraduatingconsiderjointhearmyA),B),,C),D),,Besidesthebackdropofbademploymentnewsandacoolingeconomy,whichofthefollowingcausesthePLAtoraisethisyear'srecruitmentquotaA)TheTVdramaSoldiers'SortieishighintheratingsB)ThePLAwantstoattracthighqualitypersonneltomeettheneedofhitechsectorinthenation'sdefenseC)ThePLAisincreasingthesizeofthearmyD)SomestudentswhohavealreadyvolunteeredtosignupmaychangetheirmindsWhydoestheauthorthinkthatthegradsaregivenanextrachanceinstartingacareerA)TheonetimerecruitmentpaymentofferedbythePLAmayeasethegrads'economicburden找外语学习资料学视频网络课程就来外语教育网外语教育网wwwforcom报名咨询电话:免费热线:传真:B)ThegradswhojointhearmyhavemorechancestofurthertheirstudyaftercompletingtheirserviceC)GradswhohavealreadyvolunteeredtosignupcangiveupbeforethedeadlineforenlistmentiftheycanfindanotherjobthatismoresuitableD)NorestrictionsaremadeonthingslikegoingabroadaftertheserviceperiodThewordconfidentialinthelastparagraphcouldbestbereplacedbyA)conciseB)professionalC)creativeD)secret答案与题解:.C文章并未提及大学生参军的工资待遇比其他工作所提供的薪酬高而A、B、D三个因素均可在文章中找到。.B文章第二段说军队今年给大学毕业生提供了l个工作岗位而每个打算参军的大学毕业生中就有个人有机会去部队工作因此可以推知今年约有,,名大学毕业生考虑从军。.B从第四段可知除了为缓解毕业生就业压力之外大规模招募人才也是科技强军、国防现代化的需要。.C文章第五段提及如果大学毕业生在月份征兵工作结束前找到其他更理想的工作仍然可以改变主意重新选择职业这就给为他们提供了多一次选择的机会。.D从最后一段可以推测出confidential的意思是“保密性的”因此“secret”最为接近。*第三十五篇DormFoodMoreComfyOnceuponatime,eatinginanAmericancollegedormmeantsoupinahotpotorgettingpizzadeliveredThemostinterestingthingaboutthecampusdininghallwasoftenthesaladbarNomoreThesedays,UScollegestudentshaverefinedtastesandagrowinginterestinpreparingtheirownfoodMinirefrigeratorsandmicrowavesindormroomsareasessentialaslaptops"Thecookingawarenessofcollegestudentsisincreasing,"saidTomPost,presidentofcampusdiningforSodexo,amajorfoodservicecompany"StudentstodaygrewupwatchingcelebritychefsonTV,eatingorganicfoodandvaluinggoodnutrition"Inresponse,cafeteriamenushavechangedSodexo'stopcampusfoodsforincludeVietnamesenoodlesoup,goatcheesesalad,andMexicanchickenButcollegesarealsocateringtostudentdemandsformoreflexibleandpersonalizeddiningoptionsChartwells,thecompanythatpreparesfoodfordininghallsatOhioWesleyanUniversityinthestateofOhio,offersmicrowaveablemealsthat找外语学习资料学视频网络课程就来外语教育网外语教育网wwwforcom报名咨询电话:免费热线:传真:"studentscantakeaway,aswellasaprogramwherestudentscanhavefoodindividuallypreparedOrtheycanevendotheirowncookingThisfall,SarahLawrenceCollegeinNewYorkwillofferstudentsonitsmealplanachancetopickupgroceriesinthecafeteriaasanalternativetoacookedmeal"Studentswantthingsthatareeasytomake,thingsthatdon'ttakelongandwillstilltastegood,"saidRachelHolcomb,aUniversityofMassachusettsAmherststudentwhoupdatedrecipesfortheneweditionofTheHealthyCollegeCookbookAngeloBerti,achefattheCollegeoftheHolyCrossinWorcester,Massachusetts,teachescookingindormkitchensButBertisayshe'snotjustteachingrecipesHe'sencouragingstudentstousediningtogetherasawaytosocializeandasameansofselfexpression"Themealisyourcanvas,"Bertisaid"Youpaintwhatyouwant"That'swhyattheCollegeofWilliamMaryinVirginia,studentsproduceacookingshowfilmedinadormcalled"EverydayGourmet"Oneepisodewas"DateNightCooking:ACoursemealforunder$,"featuringgrilledchickenstuffedwithgoatcheeseandbasil词汇:comfyadj(口)舒适的canvasn画布油画laptopn膝上型电脑gourmetn美食家cafeterian自助食堂basiln罗勒注释:标题意思为(美国)宿舍烹饪这风流行。练习:Whichofthefollowingisnotmentionedasabasicequipmentintoday'sstudentdormsA)fridgesB)microwavesC)notebookcomputerD)TVsetsWhichofthefollowingstatementsistrueaccordingtotheauthorA)Thesaladbarisstillthemostinterestingfoodtothemuptonow,B)TodayPizzaremainsthemostpopularfoodtoUScollegestudentsC)UScollegestudentswanttheirdiningoptionstobemoreflexibleandpersonalizedD)Collegeshavemadenochangestomeetstudents'needs找外语学习资料学视频网络课程就来外语教育网外语教育网wwwforcom报名咨询电话:免费热线:传真:ThefollowingfoodareamongSodexo'stopcampusfoodsforEXCEPT:A)ItalianPizzaB)VietnamesenoodlesoupC)goatcheesesaladD)MexicanchickenWhichofthefollowingstatementsaboutAngeloBertiisNOTtrueA)HeisachefattheCollegeoftheHolyCrossinWorcester,Massachu

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