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首页 Born to Run - Christopher McDougal.pdf

Born to Run - Christopher McDougal.pdf

Born to Run - Christopher McDou…

上传者: 消魂张 2013-12-15 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《Born to Run - Christopher McDougalpdf》,可适用于人文社科领域,主题内容包含BorntoRun:AHiddenTribe,Superathletes,andtheGreatestRacetheWorldHasNeverSee符等。

BorntoRun:AHiddenTribe,Superathletes,andtheGreatestRacetheWorldHasNeverSeenBorntoRun:AHiddenTribe,Superathletes,andtheGreatestRacetheWorldhasneverseenBorntoRun:AHiddenTribe,Superathletes,andtheGreatestRacetheWorldhasneverseenBorntoRun:AHiddenTribe,Superathletes,andtheGreatestRacetheWorldhasneverseenToJohnandJeanMcDougall,myparents,whogavemeeverythingandkeepongivingBorntoRun:AHiddenTribe,Superathletes,andtheGreatestRacetheWorldhasneverseenThebestrunnerleavesnotracksTaoTeChingBorntoRun:AHiddenTribe,Superathletes,andtheGreatestRacetheWorldhasneverseenCHAPTERTolivewithghostsrequiressolitudeANNEMICHAELS,FugitivePiecesFORDAYS,I’dbeensearchingMexico’sSierraMadreforthephantomknownasCaballoBlancotheWhiteHorseI’dfinallyarrivedattheendofthetrail,inthelastplaceIexpectedtofindhimnotdeepinthewildernesshewassaidtohaunt,butinthedimlobbyofanoldhotelontheedgeofadustydeserttown!“Sí,ElCaballoestá,”thedeskclerksaid,noddingYes,theHorseishere“Forreal”AfterhearingthatI’djustmissedhimsomanytimes,insomanybizarrelocations,I’dbeguntosuspectthatCaballoBlancowasnothingmorethanafairytale,alocalLochNessmonstruodreameduptospookthekidsandfoolgulliblegringos“He’salwaysbackbyfive,”theclerkadded“It’slikearitual”Ididn’tknowwhethertohugherinrelieforhighfiveherintriumphIcheckedmywatchThatmeantI’dactuallylayeyesontheghostinlessthan…hangon“Butit’salreadyaftersix”Theclerkshrugged“Maybehe’sgoneaway”IsaggedintoanancientsofaIwasfilthy,famished,anddefeatedIwasexhausted,andsoweremyleadsSomesaidCaballoBlancowasafugitiveothersheardhewasaboxerwho’drunofftopunishhimselfafterbeatingamantodeathintheringNooneknewhisname,orage,orwherehewasfromHewaslikesomeOldWestgunslingerwhoseonlytracesweretalltalesandawhiffofcigarillosmokeDescriptionsandsightingswerealloverthemapvillagerswholivedimpossibledistancesapartsworethey’dseenhimtravelingonfootonthesamedayanddescribedhimonascalethatswungwildlyfrom“funnyandsimpático”to“freakyandgigantic”ButinallversionsoftheCaballoBlancolegend,certainbasicdetailswerealwaysthesame:He’dcometoMexicoyearsagoandtrekkeddeepintothewild,impenetrableBarrancasdelCobretheCopperCanyonstoliveamongtheTarahumara,anearmythicaltribeofStoneAgesuperathletesTheTarahumara(pronouncedSpanishstylebyswallowingthe“h”:Taraoomara)maybethehealthiestandmostserenepeopleonearth,andthegreatestrunnersofalltimeWhenitcomestoultradistances,nothingcanbeataTarahumararunnernotaracehorse,notacheetah,notanOlympicmarathonerVeryfewoutsidershaveeverseentheTarahumarainaction,butamazingstoriesoftheirsuperhumantoughnessandtranquillityhavedriftedoutofthecanyonsforcenturiesOneexplorersworehesawaTarahumaracatchadeerwithhisbarehands,chasingtheboundinganimaluntilitfinallydroppeddeadfromexhaustion,“itshoofsfallingoff”AnotheradventurerspenttenhoursclimbingupandoveraCopperCanyonmountainbymuleaTarahumararunnermadethesametripinninetyminutes“Trythis,”aTarahumarawomanoncetoldanexhaustedexplorerwho’dcollapsedatthebaseofamountainShehandedhimagourdfullofamurkyliquidHeswallowedafewgulps,andwasamazedtofeelnewenergypulsinginhisveinsHegottohisfeetandscaledthepeaklikeanovercaffeinatedSherpaTheTarahumara,theexplorerwouldlaterreport,alsoguardedtherecipetoaspecialenergyfoodthatleavesthemtrim,powerful,andunstoppable:afewmouthfulspackedenoughnutritionalpunchtoletthemrunalldaywithoutrestButwhateversecretstheTarahumaraarehiding,they’vehiddenthemwellTothisday,theTarahumaraliveinthesideofcliffshigherthanahawk’snestinalandfewhaveeverseenTheBarrancasarealostworldinthemostremotewildernessinNorthAmerica,asortofashoreboundBermudaTriangleknownforswallowingthemisfitsanddesperadoeswhostrayinsideLotsofbadthingscanhappendownthere,andprobablywillsurvivethemaneatingjaguars,deadlysnakes,andblisteringheat,andyou’vestillgottodealwith“canyonfever,”apotentiallyfatalfreakoutbroughtonbytheBarrancas’desolateeerinessThedeeperyoupenetrateintotheBarrancas,themoreitfeelslikeacryptslidingshutaroundyouThewallstighten,shadowsspread,phantomechoeswhispereveryrouteoutseemstoendinsheerrockLostprospectorswouldbegrippedbysuchmadnessanddespair,they’dslashtheirownthroatsorhurlthemselvesoffcliffsLittlesurprisethatfewstrangershaveeverseentheTarahumara’shomelandletalonetheTarahumaraButsomehowtheWhiteHorsehadmadehiswaytothedepthsoftheBarrancasAndthere,it’ssaid,hewasadoptedbytheTarahumaraasafriendandkindredspiritaghostamongghostsHe’dcertainlymasteredtwoTarahumaraskillsinvisibilityandextraordinaryendurancebecauseeventhoughhewasspottedalloverthecanyons,nooneseemedtoknowwherehelivedorwhenhemightappearnextIfanyonecouldtranslatetheancientsecretsoftheTarahumara,Iwastold,itwasthislonewandereroftheHighSierrasI’dbecomesoobsessedwithfindingCaballoBlancothatasIdozedonthehotelsofa,Icouldevenimaginethesoundofhisvoice“ProbablylikeYogiBearorderingburritosatTacoBell,”ImusedAguylikethat,awandererwho’dgoanywherebutfitinnowhere,mustliveinsidehisownheadandrarelyhearhisownvoiceHe’dmakeweirdjokesandcrackhimselfupHe’dhaveaboominglaughandatrociousSpanishHe’dbeloudandchattyand…and…WaitIwashearinghimMyeyespoppedopentoseeadustycadaverinatatteredstrawhatbanteringwiththedeskclerkTrailduststreakedhisgauntfacelikefadingwarpaint,andtheshocksofsunbleachedhairstickingoutfromunderthehatcouldhavebeentrimmedwithahuntingknifeHelookedlikeacastawayonadesertisland,eventothewayheseemedhungryforconversationwiththeboredclerk“Caballo”IcroakedThecadaverturned,smiling,andIfeltlikeanidiotHedidn’tlookwaryhelookedconfused,asanytouristwouldwhenconfrontedbyaderangedmanonasofasuddenlyhollering“Horse!”Thiswasn’tCaballoTherewasnoCaballoThewholethingwasahoax,andI’dfallenforitThenthecadaverspoke“Youknowme”“Man!”Iexploded,scramblingtomyfeet“AmIgladtoseeyou!”ThesmilevanishedThecadaver’seyesdartedtowardthedoor,makingitclearthatinanothersecond,hewouldaswellBorntoRun:AHiddenTribe,Superathletes,andtheGreatestRacetheWorldhasneverseenCHAPTERITALLBEGANwithasimplequestionthatnoonecouldanswerItwasafivewordpuzzlethatledmetoaphotoofaveryfastmaninaveryshortskirt,andfromthereitonlygotstrangerSoon,Iwasdealingwithamurder,drugguerrillas,andaonearmedmanwithacreamcheesecupstrappedtohisheadImetabeautifulblondeforestrangerwhoslippedoutofherclothesandfoundsalvationbyrunningnakedintheIdahoforests,andayoungsurferbabeinpigtailswhoranstraighttowardherdeathinthedesertAtalentedyoungrunnerwoulddieTwootherswouldbarelyescapewiththeirlivesIkeptlooking,andstumbledacrosstheBarefootBatman…NakedGuy…KalahariBushmen…theToenailAmputee…acultdevotedtodistancerunningandsexparties…theWildManoftheBlueRidgeMountains…and,ultimately,theancienttribeoftheTarahumaraandtheirshadowydisciple,CaballoBlancoIntheend,Igotmyanswer,butonlyafterIfoundmyselfinthemiddleofthegreatestracetheworldwouldneversee:theUltimateFightingCompetitionoffootraces,anundergroundshowdownpittingsomeofthebestultradistancerunnersofourtimeagainstthebestultrarunnersofalltime,inafiftymileraceonhiddentrailsonlyTarahumarafeethadevertouchedI’dbestartledtodiscoverthattheancientsayingoftheTaoTeChing“Thebestrunnerleavesnotracks”wasn’tsomegossamerkoan,butreal,concrete,howto,trainingadviceAndallbecauseinJanuaryIaskedmydoctorthis:“Howcomemyfoothurts”I’dgonetoseeoneofthetopsportsmedicinespecialistsinthecountrybecauseaninvisibleicepickwasdrivingstraightupthroughthesoleofmyfootTheweekbefore,I’dbeenoutforaneasythreemilejogonasnowyfarmroadwhenIsuddenlywhinniedinpain,grabbingmyrightfootandscreamingcursesasItoppledoverinthesnowWhenIgotagriponmyself,IcheckedtoseehowbadlyIwasbleedingImusthaveimpaledmyfootonasharprock,Ifigured,oranoldnailwedgedintheiceButtherewasn’tadropofblood,orevenaholeinmyshoe“Runningisyourproblem,”DrJoeTorgconfirmedwhenIlimpedintohisPhiladelphiaexaminingroomafewdayslaterHeshouldknowDrTorghadnotonlyhelpedcreatetheentirefieldofsportsmedicine,buthealsocowroteTheRunningAthlete,thedefinitiveradiographicanalysisofeveryconceivablerunninginjuryHeranmethroughanXrayandwatchedmehobblearound,thendeterminedthatI’daggravatedmycuboid,aclusterofbonesparalleltothearchthatIhadn’tevenknownexisteduntilitreengineereditselfintoaninternalTaser“ButI’mbarelyrunningatall,”Isaid“I’mdoing,like,twoorthreemileseveryotherdayAndnotevenonasphaltMostlydirtroads”Didn’tmatter“Thehumanbodyisnotdesignedforthatkindofabuse,”DrTorgreplied“Especiallynotyourbody”IknewexactlywhathemeantAtsixfeetfourinchesandtwohundredthirtypounds,I’dbeentoldmanytimesthatnatureintendedguysmysizetopostupunderthehooportakeabulletforthePresident,notpoundourbulkdownthepavementAndsinceI’dturnedforty,IwasstartingtoseewhyinthefiveyearssinceI’dstoppedplayingpickuphoopsandtriedturningmyselfintoamarathoner,I’drippedmyhamstring(twice),strainedmyAchillestendons(repeatedly),sprainedmyankles(both,alternately),sufferedachingarches(regularly),andhadtowalkdownstairsbackwardontiptoebecausemyheelsweresosoreAndnow,apparently,thelastdocilespotonmyfeethadjoinedtherebellionTheweirdthingwas,IseemedtobeotherwiseunbreakableAsawriterforMen’sHealthmagazineandoneofEsquiremagazine’soriginal“RestlessMan”columnists,abigpartofmyjobwasexperimentingwithsemiextremesportsI’driddenClassIVrapidsonaboogieboard,surfedgiantsanddunesonasnowboard,andmountainbikedacrosstheNorthDakotaBadlandsI’dalsoreportedfromthreewarzonesfortheAssociatedPressandspentmonthsinsomeofthemostlawlessregionsofAfrica,allwithoutanickoratwingeButjogafewmilesdownthestreet,andsuddenlyI’mrollingonthegroundlikeI’dbeengutshotinadrivebyTakeanyothersport,andaninjuryratelikeminewouldclassifymeasdefectiveInrunning,itmakesmenormalTherealmutantsaretherunnerswhodon’tgetinjuredUptoeightoutofeverytenrunnersarehurteveryyearItdoesn’tmatterifyou’reheavyorthin,speedyorslow,amarathonchamporaweekendhuffer,you’rejustaslikelyastheotherguytosavageyourknees,shins,hamstrings,hips,orheelsNexttimeyoulineupforaTurkeyTrot,lookattherunnersonyourrightandleft:statistically,onlyoneofyouwillbebackfortheJingleBellJogNoinventionyethasslowedthecarnageyoucannowbuyrunningshoeswithsteelbedspringsembeddedinthesolesandAdidasthatadjusttheircushioningbymicrochip,buttheinjuryratehasn’tdecreasedajotinthirtyyearsIfanything,it’sactuallyebbedupAchillestendonblowoutshaveseenapercentincreaseRunningseemedtobethefitnessversionofdrunkdriving:youcouldgetawaywithitforawhile,youmightevenhavesomefun,butcatastrophewaswaitingrightaroundthecorner“Bigsurprise,”thesportsmedicineliteraturesneersNotexactlylikethat,thoughMorelikethis:“Athleteswhosesportinvolvesrunningputenormousstrainontheirlegs”That’swhattheSportsInjuryBulletinhasdeclared“EachfootfallhitsoneoftheirlegswithaforceequaltomorethantwicetheirbodyweightJustasrepeatedhammeringonanapparentlyimpenetrablerockwilleventuallyreducethestonetodust,theimpactloadsassociatedwithrunningcanultimatelybreakdownyourbones,cartilage,muscles,tendons,andligaments”AreportbytheAmericanAssociationofOrthopedicSurgeonsconcludedthatdistancerunningis“anoutrageousthreattotheintegrityoftheknee”Andinsteadof“impenetrablerock,”thatoutrageisbangingdownononeofthemostsensitivepointsinyourbodyYouknowwhatkindofnervesareinyourfeetThesameonesthatnetworkintoyourgenitalsYourfeetarelikeaminnowbucketfullofsensoryneurons,allofthemwrigglingaroundinsearchofsensationStimulatethosenervesjustalittle,andtheimpulsewillrocketthroughyourentirenervoussystemthat’swhyticklingyourfeetcanoverloadtheswitchboardandcauseyourwholebodytospasmNowonderSouthAmericandictatorshadafootfetishwhenitcametobreakinghardcasesthebastinado,thetechniqueoftyingvictimsdownandbeatingthesolesoftheirfeet,wasdevelopedbytheSpanishInquisitionandeagerlyadoptedbytheworld’ssickestsadistsTheKhmerRougeandSaddamHussein’ssinistersonUdaywerebigtimebastinadofansbecausetheyknewtheiranatomyonlythefaceandhandscomparewiththefeetforinstantmessagingcapabilitytothebrainWhenitcomestosensingthesoftestcaressortiniestgrainofsand,yourtoesareasfinelywiredasyourlipsandfingertips“Soisn’tthereanythingIcando”IaskedDrTorgHeshrugged“Youcankeeprunning,butyou’llbebackformoreofthese,”hesaid,givingalittletingwithhisfingernailtothegiantneedlefullofcortisonehewasabouttopushintothebottomofmyfootI’dalsoneedcustommadeorthotics($)toslipinsidemymotioncontrolrunningshoes($andclimbing,andsinceI’dneedtorotatetwopairs,makeit$)Butthatwouldjustpostponetherealbigticketitem:myinevitablenextvisittohiswaitingroom“KnowwhatI’drecommend”DrTorgconcluded“Buyabike”Ithankedhim,promisedI’dtakehisadvice,thenimmediatelywentbehindhisbacktosomeoneelseDocTorgwasgettingupinyears,Irealizedmaybehe’dgottenalittletooconservativewithhisadviceandalittletooquickwithhiscortisoneAphysicianfriendrecommendedasportspodiatristwhowasalsoamarathoner,soImadeanappointmentforthefollowingweekThepodiatristtookanotherXray,thenprobedmyfootwithhisthumbs“Lookslikeyou’vegotcuboidsyndrome,”heconcluded“Icanblasttheinflammationoutwithsomecortisone,butthenyou’regoingtoneedorthotics”“Damn,”Imuttered“That’sjustwhatTorgsaid”He’dstartedtoleavetheroomfortheneedle,butthenhestoppedshort“YoualreadysawJoeTorg”“Yes”“Youalreadygotacortisoneshot”“Uh,yeah”“Sowhatareyoudoinghere”heasked,suddenlylookingimpatientandalittlesuspicious,asifhethoughtIreallyenjoyedhavingneedlesshovedintothetenderestpartofmyfootMaybehesuspectedIwasasadomasochisticjunkiewhowasaddictedtobothpainandpainkillers“YourealizeDrTorgisthegodfatherofsportsmedicine,rightHisdiagnosesareusuallywellrespected”“IknowIjustwantedtodoublecheck”“I’mnotgoingtogiveyouanothershot,butwecanscheduleafittingfortheorthoticsAndyoushouldreallythinkaboutfindingsomeotheractivitybesidesrunning”“Soundsgood,”IsaidHewasabetterrunnerthanI’deverbe,andhe’djustconfirmedtheverdictofadoctorhereadilyadmittedwasthesenseiofsportsphysiciansTherewasabsolutelynoarguingwithhisdiagnosisSoIstartedlookingforsomeoneelseIt’snotthatI’mallthatstubbornIt’snotthatI’mevenallthatcrazyaboutrunningIfItotaledallthemilesI’deverrun,halfwereachingdrudgeryButitdoessaysomethingthateventhoughIhaven’treadTheWorldAccordingtoGarpintwentyyears,I’veneverforgottenoneminorscene,anditain’ttheoneyou’rethinkingof:IkeepthinkingbacktothewayGarpusedtoburstouthisdoorinthemiddleoftheworkdayforafivemilerunThere’ssomethingsouniversalaboutthatsensation,thewayrunningunitesourtwomostprimalimpulses:fearandpleasureWerunwhenwe’rescared,werunwhenwe’reecstatic,werunawayfromourproblemsandrunaroundforagoodtimeAndwhenthingslookworst,werunthemostThreetimes,Americahasseendistancerunningskyrocket,andit’salwaysinthemidstofanationalcrisisThefirstboomcameduringtheGreatDepression,whenmorethantwohundredrunnerssetthetrendbyracingfortymilesadayacrossthecountryintheGreatAmericanFootraceRunningthenwentdormant,onlytocatchfireagainintheearly’s,whenwewerestrugglingtorecoverfromVietnam,theColdWar,raceriots,acriminalpresident,andthemurdersofthreebelovedleadersAndthethirddistanceboomOneyearaftertheSeptemberattacks,trailrunningsuddenlybecamethefastestgrowingoutdoorsportinthecountryMaybeitwasacoincidenceOrmaybethere’satriggerinthehumanpsyche,acodedresponsethatactivatesourfirstandgreatestsurvivalskillwhenwesensetheraptorsapproachingIntermsofstressreliefandsensualpleasure,runningiswhatyouhaveinyourlifebeforeyouhavesexTheequipmentanddesirecomefactoryinstalledallyouhavetodoislet’erripandhangonfortherideThat’swhatIwaslookingfornotsomepriceyhunkofplastictostickinmyshoe,notamonthlycycleofpainkillers,justawaytolet’erripwithouttearingmyselfupIdidn’tloverunning,butIwantedtoWhichiswhatbroughtmetothedoorofMDNo:DrIreneDavis,anexpertinbiomechanicsandheadoftheRunningInjuryClinicattheUniversityofDelawareDrDavisputmeonatreadmill,firstinmybarefeetandtheninthreedifferenttypesofrunningshoesShehadmewalk,trot,andhaulassShehadmerunbackandforthoveraforceplatetomeasuretheimpactshockfrommyfootfallsThenIsatinhorrorassheplayedbackthevideoInmymind’seye,I’mlightandquickasaNavajoonthehuntThatguyonthescreen,however,wasFrankenstein’smonstertryingtotangoIwasbobbingaroundsomuch,myheadwasdisappearingfromthetopoftheframeMyarmswereslashingbackandforthlikeanumpcallingaplayersafeattheplate,whilemysizesclumpeddownsoheavilyitsoundedlikethevideohadabongobackbeatIfthatwasn’tbadenough,DrDavisthenhitslowmosowecouldallsettlebackandreallyappreciatethewaymyrightfoottwistedout,myleftkneedippedin,andmybackbuckedandspasmedsobadlythatitlookedasifsomeoneoughttojamawalletbetweenmyteethandcallforhelpHowthehellwasIevenmovingforwardwithallthatupdown,sidetoside,fishonahookfloppinggoingon“Okay,”Isaid“Sowhat’stherightwaytorun”“That’stheetern

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