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首页 高中英语句子成分分析

高中英语句子成分分析.ppt

高中英语句子成分分析

药药大人
2013-12-08 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《高中英语句子成分分析ppt》,可适用于高中教育领域

句子的构成句子的构成句子成分句子成分主语谓语宾语表语宾补定语状语ImetmybestfriendTomatthestationyesterday↓主语↓谓语↓定语↓宾语↓同位语↓状语㈠主语㈠主语JaneisgoodatplayingthepianoShewentoutinahurryFourplusfouriseightToseeistobelieveSmokingisbadforhealthTheyoungshouldrespecttheoldWhathehassaidistrue(subject)是句子的主体全句述说的对象。一般由名词、主格代词、动词不定式动名词或从句担任在陈述句常置于句首。㈡谓语㈡谓语简单谓语:是对主语加以陈述说明主语的动作或所处的状态由动词或动词词组组成IsawtheflagonthetopofthehillHelookedaftertwoorphans复合谓语由情态动词或助动词动词HecanspeakEnglishwell㈢表语㈢表语在系动词后的部分就是表语用以说明主语的身份、特征和状态。常见的系动词有:be(am,is,are,were,was),appear,look,seem,feel,smell,taste,sound,keep,turn,become,get,grow,come,goetc系动词不用于被动语态TheappletastessweetThewarwasoverTheyseemtoknowthetruthTimeispreciousI’mnotquitemyselftodayWhowasthefirstHeisoutofconditionThebookiswhatIneed㈣宾语㈣宾语宾语分为直接宾语和间接宾语直接宾语指物,间接宾语指人Hegavemesomebooks↓间接宾语↓直接宾语●pleasepassmethebook●Heboughtmesomeflowers●Ilikemyjob●Iloveyou●Hewantedtoleavehere●Theyenjoyedplayingcomputergames㈤宾语补足语:为了使句子意义完整,需要对主语或宾语进行补充说明,这就是补足语分为主语补足语和宾语补足语㈤宾语补足语:为了使句子意义完整,需要对主语或宾语进行补充说明,这就是补足语分为主语补足语和宾语补足语IfoundthebookinterestingDoyousmellsomethingburningHemadehimselfknowntothemSheaskedmetolendherahandPleasemakeyourselfathomePleasekeepthedogoutWemustkeepitasecret主动语态变成被动语态后,宾语补足语变成主补Ilastsawhimplayingneartheriver→HewaslastseenplayingneartheriverTheteachercaughtthestudentcheatingintheexam→ThestudentwascaughtcheatingintheexamWemadehimmonitor→HewasmademonitorHepushedthedooropen→Thedoorwaspushedopen㈥定语:修饰名词或代词的词、短语或从句。㈥定语:修饰名词或代词的词、短语或从句。HeisacleverboyHisfatherworksinasteelworkTherearestudentsinourclassDoyouknownBetty’ssisterHeboughtsomesleepingpillsThereisasleepingbabyinbedHisspokenlanguageisgoodImetafriendonmywayhome(形容词)(名词)(数词)(名词的所有格)(动名词)(现在分词)(过去分词)(副词)ThegirlinredishissisterWehavealotofworktodoThegirlstandingunderthetreeishisdaughterDoyouknowthemanwhospokejustnowThereisnothinginterestinginthisbook后置定语㈦状语㈦状语用于修饰形容词,副词,动词,介词短语或句子可表示时间,地点,原因,结果,目的,方式,伴随,条件,程度,让步,频率等IwillbebackinawhileTheyareplayingontheplaygroundHewaslatebecausehegotuplateHegotupsolatethatImissedthetrainIwaitedtoseeyouHeoftenwenttoschoolbybusHisparentsdied,leavinghimanorphanPleasecallmeifitisnecessaryThisbookisveryinterestingHewenttoschoolinspiteofhisillnessHealwayscomeslatetoschool基本句型基本句型主语系动词表语(主系表)主语不及物动词(其他成分)主语及物动词宾语(主谓宾)主语及物动词间接宾语直接宾语主语及物动词宾语宾补ThebellrangHemadeastudyplanSheislovelyHetoldusthewholestoryIfoundhimdoinghishomework简单句、并列句和复合句简单句:只有一个主语(或并列主语)和    一个谓语(或并列谓语)。HeoftenreadsEnglishinthemorningTomandMikeareAmericanboys并列句:由并列连词(and,but,or,so等)    或分号()把两个或两个以上的    简单句连在一起构成YouhelphimandhehelpsyouThefutureisbrighttheroadistortuous前途是光明的道路是曲折的。复合句:含有一个或一个以上从句的句子。复合句包含:名词性从句(主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句和同位语从句)、定语从句和状语从句等Asisreportedinthenewspaper,talksbetweenthetwocountriesaremakingprogressItisreportedinthenewspaperthattalksbetweenthetwocountriesaremakingprogress

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