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英语作业.doc

英语作业.doc

上传者: 王震
0次下载 0人收藏 暂无简介 简介 2013-12-08 举报

简介:yingy

12013级研究生(4)班王震学号:11320126Combinationofthequalitativeandquantitativeresearch1.Whatisquantitativeresearch?2.Whatisqualitativeresearch?3,whatistheconnectionofthetworesearches?4,whatisthedistinctionofthetworesearches?5,Accordingtomymajor,IwilldiscusspointedlyIntroductiontoquantitativeresearchAsscientistsweareoftenmorecomfortablewiththeconceptofquantitativeresearchthanqualitativeresearch.Quantitativemethodsusuallydealwiththecollectionandprocessingofnumericaldataandcanbedescribedas“themeansfortestingobjectivetheoriesbyexaminingtherelationshipamongvariables.Thesevariables,inturn,canbemeasuredsothatnumbereddatacanbeanalyzedusingstatisticalprocedures.”Qualitativeresearchcanprovideinsightwhichisnotpossibletoelucidatewithpurelyquantitativemethods.Itcanbedescribedas“ameansforexploringandunderstandingthemeaningindividualsorgroupsascribetoasocialorhumanproblem.Theprocessofresearchinvolvesemergingquestionsandprocedures,datatypicallycollectedintheparticipant’ssetting.”Thesimplisticviewisthatqualitativeresearchdealswiththecollectionofnon-numericaldata.Thisdoesnotnecessarilymeanthatqualitativedatacannotbequantifiableinaqualitativeprojectandinterviewsandquestionnaires,forexample,mayyieldquantifiabledata.Interpretabilityisadefiningfeatureofqualitativedataand,althoughsomeofthedatageneratedmaybequantifiable,thebulkoftheanalysisisusuallyinterpretative.2Withqualitativeresearchthereisnosinglemethod,butachoiceofmethodsappropriatetoavarietyofdifferenttopicsandresearchquestions.QualitativeOverviewTherearemanydifferentphilosophicalapproachestoqualitativeresearchwhichinfluencethechoiceoftheoreticalframeworkandmethodology.Thetwoworldviewsthatareperhapsmostencounteredinscienceeducationare:Positivism:Holdstheviewthatascientificapproachcanbeusedtounderstandboththephysicalworldandhumaninteractions.Itistheworldviewmostoftenheldbyscientistsstartingoutinpedagogicresearchandquantitativemethodologiesoftenfollowfromit.Constructivism:Holdstheviewthathumansgenerateandconstructtheirownknowledgeandunderstandingfromtheirinteractionswiththeworldaroundthem.TheoreticalFrameworksTheoreticalframeworksaredifferentstructuresaroundwhichresearchcanbedesignedandconducted.Thereareanumberthatareusedinqualitativeresearch.Webrieflydescribesomeofthemhere.GroundedTheory:Thetermgroundedtheorywasusedin1967byGlaserandStrauss.6Ingroundedtheorydataisgatheredandanalyzedandthetheoryderivesfromthatdata.Thisisincontrasttoframeworksthatputtogetheratheoryfromaseriesofobservationsorconceptsandthengatherdatatotesttotheory.Itisbelievedthatgroundedtheorydevelopstheoriesthatareclosertoreality.Ethnography:Theideabehindethnographicresearchisthattheresearcherobservestheactionsoftheresearchsubjectswithrespecttotime.7ThedatamustbecollectedwithinwhatHammersleyandAtkinsondescribeas“naturalsettings”,environmentsthathavenotbeadaptedormodifiedforthepurposeoftheresearch.Phenomenography:Aframeworkthatinvestigatesthenumberofqualitativelydifferentwaysthatpeopleexperiencesomethingorthinkaboutsomething.Itassumesthattherearealwaysalimitednumberofthese.BehaviorisstudiedwithoutresearcherQUALITATIVEVERSUSQUANTITATIVERESEARCHMymajorisoncology.Inthatdirectionofmymajor,TheRNAoftheesophaguscancerwhichwewillgainispossiblyabletobetumormarker.Combinationofthequalitativeandquantitativeresearchinmyfieldcandemonstratethat:

英语作业.doc

英语作业.doc

上传者: 王震
0次下载 0人收藏 暂无简介 简介 2013-12-08 举报

简介:yingy

2013级研究生(4)班王震 学号:11320126 Combinationofthequalitativeandquantitativeresearch 1.Whatisquantitativeresearch? 2.Whatisqualitativeresearch? 3,whatistheconnectionofthetworesearches? 4,whatisthedistinctionofthetworesearches? 5,Accordingtomymajor,Iwilldiscusspointedly Introductiontoquantitativeresearch Asscientistsweareoftenmorecomfortablewiththeconceptofquantitativeresearch thanqualitativeresearch.Quantitativemethodsusuallydealwiththecollectionand processingofnumericaldataandcanbedescribedas“themeansfortestingobjective theoriesbyexaminingtherelationshipamongvariables.Thesevariables,inturn,canbe measuredsothatnumbereddatacanbeanalyzedusingstatisticalprocedures.”Qualitative researchcanprovideinsightwhichisnotpossibletoelucidatewithpurelyquantitative methods.Itcanbedescribedas“ameansforexploringandunderstandingthemeaning individualsorgroupsascribetoasocialorhumanproblem.Theprocessofresearch involvesemergingquestionsandprocedures,datatypicallycollectedintheparticipant’s setting.”Thesimplisticviewisthatqualitativeresearchdealswiththecollectionof non-numericaldata.Thisdoesnotnecessarilymeanthatqualitativedatacannotbe quantifiableinaqualitativeprojectandinterviewsandquestionnaires,forexample,may yieldquantifiabledata.Interpretabilityisadefining featureofqualitativedataand,althoughsomeofthedatageneratedmaybequantifiable, thebulkoftheanalysisisusuallyinterpretative.2Withqualitativeresearchthereisno singlemethod,butachoiceofmethodsappropriatetoavarietyofdifferenttopicsand researchquestions. QualitativeOverview Therearemanydifferentphilosophicalapproachestoqualitativeresearchwhichinfluence thechoiceoftheoreticalframeworkandmethodology.Thetwoworldviewsthatareperhaps mostencounteredinscienceeducationare:Positivism:Holdstheviewthatascientific approachcanbeusedtounderstandboththephysicalworldandhumaninteractions.Itis theworldviewmostoftenheldbyscientistsstartingoutinpedagogicresearchand quantitativemethodologiesoftenfollowfromit.Constructivism:Holdstheviewthat humansgenerateandconstructtheirownknowledgeandunderstandingfromtheir interactionswiththeworldaroundthem.TheoreticalFrameworksTheoreticalframeworks aredifferentstructuresaroundwhichresearchcanbedesignedandconducted.Therearea numberthatareusedinqualitativeresearch.Webrieflydescribesomeofthemhere. GroundedTheory:Thetermgroundedtheorywasusedin1967byGlaserandStrauss.6In groundedtheorydataisgatheredandanalyzedandthetheoryderivesfromthatdata.This isincontrasttoframeworksthatputtogetheratheoryfromaseriesofobservationsor conceptsandthengatherdatatotesttotheory.Itisbelievedthatgroundedtheory developstheoriesthatareclosertoreality.Ethnography:Theideabehindethnographic researchisthattheresearcherobservestheactionsoftheresearchsubjectswithrespectto

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