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英语作业.doc

英语作业.doc

上传者: 王震 2013-12-08 评分1 评论0 下载0 收藏10 阅读量319 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《英语作业doc》,可适用于赤壁领域,主题内容包含级研究生()班王震学号:CombinationofthequalitativeandquantitativeresearchWhatisquanti符等。

2013级研究生(4)班王震 学号:11320126 Combinationofthequalitativeandquantitativeresearch 1.Whatisquantitativeresearch? 2.Whatisqualitativeresearch? 3,whatistheconnectionofthetworesearches? 4,whatisthedistinctionofthetworesearches? 5,Accordingtomymajor,Iwilldiscusspointedly Introductiontoquantitativeresearch Asscientistsweareoftenmorecomfortablewiththeconceptofquantitativeresearch thanqualitativeresearch.Quantitativemethodsusuallydealwiththecollectionand processingofnumericaldataandcanbedescribedas“themeansfortestingobjective theoriesbyexaminingtherelationshipamongvariables.Thesevariables,inturn,canbe measuredsothatnumbereddatacanbeanalyzedusingstatisticalprocedures.”Qualitative researchcanprovideinsightwhichisnotpossibletoelucidatewithpurelyquantitative methods.Itcanbedescribedas“ameansforexploringandunderstandingthemeaning individualsorgroupsascribetoasocialorhumanproblem.Theprocessofresearch involvesemergingquestionsandprocedures,datatypicallycollectedintheparticipant’s setting.”Thesimplisticviewisthatqualitativeresearchdealswiththecollectionof non-numericaldata.Thisdoesnotnecessarilymeanthatqualitativedatacannotbe quantifiableinaqualitativeprojectandinterviewsandquestionnaires,forexample,may yieldquantifiabledata.Interpretabilityisadefining featureofqualitativedataand,althoughsomeofthedatageneratedmaybequantifiable, thebulkoftheanalysisisusuallyinterpretative.2Withqualitativeresearchthereisno singlemethod,butachoiceofmethodsappropriatetoavarietyofdifferenttopicsand researchquestions. QualitativeOverview Therearemanydifferentphilosophicalapproachestoqualitativeresearchwhichinfluence thechoiceoftheoreticalframeworkandmethodology.Thetwoworldviewsthatareperhaps mostencounteredinscienceeducationare:Positivism:Holdstheviewthatascientific approachcanbeusedtounderstandboththephysicalworldandhumaninteractions.Itis theworldviewmostoftenheldbyscientistsstartingoutinpedagogicresearchand quantitativemethodologiesoftenfollowfromit.Constructivism:Holdstheviewthat humansgenerateandconstructtheirownknowledgeandunderstandingfromtheir interactionswiththeworldaroundthem.TheoreticalFrameworksTheoreticalframeworks aredifferentstructuresaroundwhichresearchcanbedesignedandconducted.Therearea numberthatareusedinqualitativeresearch.Webrieflydescribesomeofthemhere. GroundedTheory:Thetermgroundedtheorywasusedin1967byGlaserandStrauss.6In groundedtheorydataisgatheredandanalyzedandthetheoryderivesfromthatdata.This isincontrasttoframeworksthatputtogetheratheoryfromaseriesofobservationsor conceptsandthengatherdatatotesttotheory.Itisbelievedthatgroundedtheory developstheoriesthatareclosertoreality.Ethnography:Theideabehindethnographic researchisthattheresearcherobservestheactionsoftheresearchsubjectswithrespectto

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