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英语作业.doc

英语作业.doc

上传者: 王震 2013-12-08 评分 4.5 0 70 10 319 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《英语作业doc》,可适用于游戏领域,主题内容包含级研究生()班王震学号:CombinationofthequalitativeandquantitativeresearchWhatisquanti符等。

级研究生()班王震学号:CombinationofthequalitativeandquantitativeresearchWhatisquantitativeresearchWhatisqualitativeresearch,whatistheconnectionofthetworesearches,whatisthedistinctionofthetworesearches,Accordingtomymajor,IwilldiscusspointedlyIntroductiontoquantitativeresearchAsscientistsweareoftenmorecomfortablewiththeconceptofquantitativeresearchthanqualitativeresearchQuantitativemethodsusuallydealwiththecollectionandprocessingofnumericaldataandcanbedescribedas“themeansfortestingobjectivetheoriesbyexaminingtherelationshipamongvariablesThesevariables,inturn,canbemeasuredsothatnumbereddatacanbeanalyzedusingstatisticalprocedures”QualitativeresearchcanprovideinsightwhichisnotpossibletoelucidatewithpurelyquantitativemethodsItcanbedescribedas“ameansforexploringandunderstandingthemeaningindividualsorgroupsascribetoasocialorhumanproblemTheprocessofresearchinvolvesemergingquestionsandprocedures,datatypicallycollectedintheparticipant’ssetting”ThesimplisticviewisthatqualitativeresearchdealswiththecollectionofnonnumericaldataThisdoesnotnecessarilymeanthatqualitativedatacannotbequantifiableinaqualitativeprojectandinterviewsandquestionnaires,forexample,mayyieldquantifiabledataInterpretabilityisadefiningfeatureofqualitativedataand,althoughsomeofthedatageneratedmaybequantifiable,thebulkoftheanalysisisusuallyinterpretativeWithqualitativeresearchthereisnosinglemethod,butachoiceofmethodsappropriatetoavarietyofdifferenttopicsandresearchquestionsQualitativeOverviewTherearemanydifferentphilosophicalapproachestoqualitativeresearchwhichinfluencethechoiceoftheoreticalframeworkandmethodologyThetwoworldviewsthatareperhapsmostencounteredinscienceeducationare:Positivism:HoldstheviewthatascientificapproachcanbeusedtounderstandboththephysicalworldandhumaninteractionsItistheworldviewmostoftenheldbyscientistsstartingoutinpedagogicresearchandquantitativemethodologiesoftenfollowfromitConstructivism:HoldstheviewthathumansgenerateandconstructtheirownknowledgeandunderstandingfromtheirinteractionswiththeworldaroundthemTheoreticalFrameworksTheoreticalframeworksaredifferentstructuresaroundwhichresearchcanbedesignedandconductedThereareanumberthatareusedinqualitativeresearchWebrieflydescribesomeofthemhereGroundedTheory:ThetermgroundedtheorywasusedinbyGlaserandStraussIngroundedtheorydataisgatheredandanalyzedandthetheoryderivesfromthatdataThisisincontrasttoframeworksthatputtogetheratheoryfromaseriesofobservationsorconceptsandthengatherdatatotesttotheoryItisbelievedthatgroundedtheorydevelopstheoriesthatareclosertorealityEthnography:TheideabehindethnographicresearchisthattheresearcherobservestheactionsoftheresearchsubjectswithrespecttotimeThedatamustbecollectedwithinwhatHammersleyandAtkinsondescribeas“naturalsettings”,environmentsthathavenotbeadaptedormodifiedforthepurposeoftheresearchPhenomenography:AframeworkthatinvestigatesthenumberofqualitativelydifferentwaysthatpeopleexperiencesomethingorthinkaboutsomethingItassumesthattherearealwaysalimitednumberoftheseBehaviorisstudiedwithoutresearcherQUALITATIVEVERSUSQUANTITATIVERESEARCHMymajorisoncologyInthatdirectionofmymajor,TheRNAoftheesophaguscancerwhichwewillgainispossiblyabletobetumormarkerCombinationofthequalitativeandquantitativeresearchinmyfieldcandemonstratethat:

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