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首页 音节_重音__节奏

音节_重音__节奏.ppt

音节_重音__节奏

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2013-11-25 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《音节_重音__节奏ppt》,可适用于外语资料领域

EnglishPronunciationIntonationforCommunicationEnglishPronunciationIntonationforCommunicationWangNaihuanBTVUChaoyangBranchUnit基本概念:音节,重音,节奏Unit基本概念:音节,重音,节奏什么是音节:音节是说话时最小的语言片断通常是一个元音加上一个或几个辅音字母构成但是单独一个元音也能成为一个音节。有时较响亮的辅音如ml在后面没有元音的情况下也能和它前面的辅音构成一个音节。例如:əzedsit各包含一个音节′bju:tiful各包含两个音节。单词根据所含音节数目可以分为单音节词、双音节词和多音节包含三个或更多的音节。Eg:easei:zeasy‘i:ziuneasyΛn’i:zi。有些较响亮的辅音lmnη等在后面没有元音的情况下也能和前面的辅音构成一个音节如bottle'btl等。单词重音(unit)单词重音(unit)单词重音:在双音节和多音节的词中有一个音节读得特别重而强(其余音节相对地读得轻而弱)这种现象叫做单词重音。单词重音符号“′”表示加在重读音节的左上方例如:′hspitl′kΛlə单音节词单独念时一律要重读但在单独注音时不必加重音符号例如:kΛpwaif音节重音音节重音Whatisastressedsyllable重读音节:在双音节或多音节词中其中一个音节读得比其他响亮称为重读音节。Eg:better'betəbananabə'nanə单词重音单词重音重读音节。在英语中双音节或多音节的词每一个词都有一个读得特别响亮的音节叫做重读音节。重读音节在词典中有明确的标注。其他不读得特别响亮的音节叫做非重读音节。节奏节奏Whatisrhythm话语节奏:重读音节和非重读音节交替出现的现象。英语的节奏规律是以重音定时的即重读音节彼此距离相等。Eg:breadandmilk(OoO)和somebreadandsomemilk(oOooO),两者的重读音节数相同因此朗读两者的时间大致相等。Phonetic语音部分UnitPhonetic语音部分Unit元音(vowels):发音时气流从肺部泄出不受任何阻碍在鼻腔和口腔中畅通无阻不带任何摩擦这样发出的音叫元音。英语元音有个其中个单元音(purevowels)个双元音(diphthongs)。单元音按发音时舌头前、中、后哪一部分抬得最高可分为前元音(frontvowels)、中元音(centralvowels)和后元音(backvowels)。Phonetic语音部分Unit(,)Phonetic语音部分Unit(,)元音:前元音i:ieæ辅音:爆破音pbtdkg朗读下列音标:pi:bi:didpetti:dgi:ki:pittedti:tæppædbedpenget根据音标准确读出下列英语单词根据音标准确读出下列英语单词meetmi:t遇见bedbed床penpen钢笔menmen男人tenten十petpet宠物teamti:m团队memi:我netnet网络gladglæd高兴的beebi:蜜蜂debtdet债务itit它keepki:p保持badbæd坏的catkæt猫SpeakingPracticeSpeakingPracticePage(D:DavidL=LiPing)Page(L=liPingG=Gloria)GreetingsGreetings(XiaoLiandMaryworkinthesameoffice)XiaoLi:Goodmorning,MaryMary:Goodmorning,XiaoLiHowareyoutodayXiaoLi:Fine,thanksAndyouMary:Iamfine,tooIthinkit’sanotherbusydayXiaoLi:YouarerightShallwestartourworkMary:OkLet’sbeginMakingIntroduction:介绍MakingIntroduction:介绍(TomisintroducinghisfriendWangLintoXiaoZhang)Tom:Goodafternoon,XiaoZhangXiaoZhang:Goodafternoon,TomTom:XiaoZhang,thisisWangLin,myfriendHe’sfromShanghaiWangLin,thisisXiaoZhang,myclassmateWangLin:HowdoyoudoXiaoZhang:HowdoyoudoWangLin:It’sverynicetomeetyouXiaoZhang:Pleasedtomeetyou,tooSayingGoodbye:告别SayingGoodbye:告别(Intheoffice)A:IcametosaygoodbyeB:WhenareyouleavingA:I'mflyinghomeonSundayafternoonB:Well,happylandingGoodbyeSeeyoulaterPhonetic语音部分Unit(,)Phonetic语音部分Unit(,)元音:中元音əə:Λ辅音:摩擦音fsθ∫hvzðзr朗读下列音标:fifkΛpglΛnstə:nbetəveriwikðætfimevəsitpə:szedbΛz根据音标准确读出下列英语单词根据音标准确读出下列英语单词firstfə:st第一cutkΛt切visionviзən视力shut∫Λt关decisiondisiзən决定dishdif盘toughtΛf坚硬的havehæv有Phonetic语音部分(unit)Phonetic语音部分(unit)后元音:a::uu:发音时其唇型是由近乎全合到近乎全开其舌位依次降低。辅音:破擦音t∫dзtrdrtsdzfa:stha:tlk∫tn:tr:thukfutt∫u:zbæt∫dзstdзu:ntri:dri:mbi:tsri:dz根据音标准确读出下列英语单词根据音标准确读出下列英语单词carka:小轿车partypa:ti聚会shop∫p商店coffeekfi咖啡cheapt∫i:p便宜的watchwt∫手表jeepdVi:p吉普车traintrein火车UnitBackVowels后元音UnitBackVowels后元音ListeningspeakingexercisesListening:听力部分在面授课前自己完成。Speaking:workinpairs两人小组练习Imitation,discrimination,soundsforinformationUnitUnitListeningspeaking–stresspatternsforcommunication这部分课前自己完成注意重音模式IVListeningforinformationandimitation课前自己先做准备VPronunciationincommunicationStudentsworkinpairs,usingthedialoguestheyhaveheardinListeningforinformationandimitationasmodels模仿所听的对话两人小组练习交际功能Phonetics语音unitPhonetics语音unit元音:双元音ei:aiiəuau辅音:鼻辅音mnη朗读下列音标:peimainizhəumfaudtaunbəutmeinəuzmaushəudnaissiηθiηkUnit元音:双元音Unit元音:双元音Introduction介绍双元音:在发音过程中发音器官的位置或形状有所变化从一个音滑向另一个音。比如ei双元音有个分为集中双元音和合口双元音。集中双元音:iəeəuə合口双元音:eiaiiəuauListeningspeakingexercisesListeningspeakingexercisesListening:听力部分在面授课前自己完成。Speaking:workinpairs两人小组练习Imitation,discrimination,soundsforinformationIIIListeningspeaking–stresspatternsforcommunication这部分课前自己完成注意重音模式IVListeningforinformationandimitation课前自己先做准备VPronunciationincommunicationStudentsworkinpairs,usingthedialoguestheyhaveheardinListeningforinformationandimitationasmodels模仿所听的对话两人小组练习交际功能Phonetics语音Phonetics语音辅音:舌边音l半元音:wjluətiəpεəðεəpuəkjuəleitlaifmilkwilwntjes读音规则:开音节和闭音节:读音规则:开音节和闭音节:字母aei在重读音节中的读法开音节:a以读音的元音字母结尾的词b以辅音字母(r除外)不发音的e结尾的词闭音节:以一个或几个辅音字母(r除外)结尾而中间只要一个元音字母的音节字母aei在重读音节中的读法:在重读开音节中的读法:aeifacesavelatefatepaleei:shetheseiaibikenineby在重读闭音节中的读法:aæmanfatsathandeesetbeddeskwhentelliicitydidpity读音规则:o在重读音节中的读法读音规则:o在重读音节中的读法在开音节中əu:go,no,ago,joke,home,smoke在闭音节中:on,dog,boss,stop,shop,often读音规则读音规则u在重读开音节中发(j)u:如:music,during,true等。u在重读闭音节中发Λ如:hunt,subject,bus等。失去爆破失去爆破英语中常常会把某些音省略。其中一个最重要的省略现象就是失去爆破。失去爆破总结起来相当复杂但在实际运用中要简单得多。简单说失去爆破就是当一个爆破辅音后面直接跟着另外一个辅音时这个爆破辅音就会失去爆破或不完全爆破以节省气力。 也就是说如果一个爆破辅音后面跟了一个元音那么这个辅音就会跟这个元音拼读但如果后面跟了个辅音则失去爆破。阅读下列单词比较失去爆破和不失去爆破的区别:blackboard,postcard,September,doctor,stoptalking,hardtimes,wastetime,thatpoliceman,goodboy,goodjob失去爆破失去爆破爆破音(p,b,t,d,k,g)后面直接跟另外一个爆破音破擦音t∫,dз或鼻辅音m,n时爆破音则会失去爆破即做出要爆破的动作形成闭塞但不爆破出来。例如:acttwo,goodpicture,ashortnight。如果爆破音(p,b,t,d,k,g)后面直接跟的是摩擦音f,v,s,z,W,T,F,V时这个爆破音会有很轻微的爆破即不完全爆破。例如:breakfast,advice,exciting,helpthisman,lifttheveil。在一些常见单词中在非重读章节上的一些音常常会被省略。例如:history,interesting,handkerchief,castle。在标准的美国英语中h前如果有别的辅音h也常常被省略。例如:yoghurt,tellher,likehim。连读辅音元音comeoutlookattakeitoffbeatitdropinputonbendoverkeeponanorangeoneofushalfanhourreaditstandupputitonnotatallfirstofallacupofteatakeiteasybackinaminuteinanhourpickitupanhourandahalflethiminAgroupofpeopleputontheircoatsandwentout*连读辅音元音comeoutlookattakeitoffbeatitdropinputonbendoverkeeponanorangeoneofushalfanhourreaditstandupputitonnotatallfirstofallacupofteatakeiteasybackinaminuteinanhourpickitupanhourandahalflethiminAgroupofpeopleputontheircoatsandwentoutr元音farawayafterallforeverapairofourownthereisforexampleAfterall,thisisourownhome元音元音goonhowoldgoawaytryagainIloveyouandallHowareyouNoendSayitagainIamwhoelseWeareseeittryitseeoffanyotherweagreeMayItwoo’clockintheafternoon*r元音farawayafterallforeverapairofourownthereisforexampleAfterall,thisisourownhome元音元音goonhowoldgoawaytryagainIloveyouandallHowareyouNoendSayitagainIamwhoelseWeareseeittryitseeoffanyotherweagreeMayItwoo’clockintheafternoon连读练习TakealookatitI’llbebackinhalfanhourWillittakealotoftimetogototownonfootThereisapairofshoesShewasawayfromherowncountryforalongtimeShallwemeetatteno’clocktomorrowmorningEachofushadasandwichandacupofteaIsitverycloudyoutsideThosewhoarequickcangoearlyDoIhavetodoeveryexerciseManyofuswillgoouttonightEverybodycanseethatheisblueintheface*连读练习TakealookatitI’llbebackinhalfanhourWillittakealotoftimetogototownonfootThereisapairofshoesShewasawayfromherowncountryforalongtimeShallwemeetatteno’clocktomorrowmorningEachofushadasandwichandacupofteaIsitverycloudyoutsideThosewhoarequickcangoearlyDoIhavetodoeveryexerciseManyofuswillgoouttonightEverybodycanseethatheisblueintheface单词重音双音节词a)一般在第一个音节重读:'letter'sorry'England'movement'exerciseb)有a,be,de,re,res,in,im,en,em,es,ex,con,com,dis,mis,pre,per,pro,trans等前缀的词第二个音节是重音:a'boutbe'lievead'dressde'cidecon'demnres'pectcom'parein'formdis'cussim'pressmis'takeen'forcepre'pareem'ployper'mites'capepro'duceex'claimtrans'latere'port*单词重音双音节词a)一般在第一个音节重读:'letter'sorry'England'movement'exerciseb)有a,be,de,re,res,in,im,en,em,es,ex,con,com,dis,mis,pre,per,pro,trans等前缀的词第二个音节是重音:a'boutbe'lievead'dressde'cidecon'demnres'pectcom'parein'formdis'cussim'pressmis'takeen'forcepre'pareem'ployper'mites'capepro'duceex'claimtrans'latere'portc)有de,in,re,con,pre等前缀的重音与词义和词类有关,一般名词的重音在第一个音节上其它的词性在第二个音节上:'recordre'cord'insultin'sult'conductcon'duct'presentpre'sent'desertde'sert'importim'port'producepro'duce'objectob'jectd)有些复合词和带有前缀re,ex,un,pre,post,teen等的词有两个重音:'out'side're'tell'well'known'un'real'four'teen'Chi'nese'pre'war'post'war*c)有de,in,re,con,pre等前缀的重音与词义和词类有关,一般名词的重音在第一个音节上其它的词性在第二个音节上:'recordre'cord'insultin'sult'conductcon'duct'presentpre'sent'desertde'sert'importim'port'producepro'duce'objectob'jectd)有些复合词和带有前缀re,ex,un,pre,post,teen等的词有两个重音:'out'side're'tell'well'known'un'real'four'teen'Chi'nese'pre'war'post'war单词重音多音节词a)一般倒数第三个音节是重音:difficultcommunistfamilyeconomyexerciseinterestingopportunitydemocracypossibilityb)有一些双音节词加了前缀和后缀成了多音节但这些词按原来词根的重音读音:carefullyindefinitecomfortableconductoraccordingdisturbancecomplicatedestablishment*单词重音多音节词a)一般倒数第三个音节是重音:difficultcommunistfamilyeconomyexerciseinterestingopportunitydemocracypossibilityb)有一些双音节词加了前缀和后缀成了多音节但这些词按原来词根的重音读音:carefullyindefinitecomfortableconductoraccordingdisturbancecomplicatedestablishmentc)词尾有eous,grahpy,ial,ian,ic,ics,ience,ient,ify,ion,ious,ity,ive后缀的词重音在这些后缀的前一个音节上:courteouscalligraphyeditorialhistorianmathematicsexperiencesufficientidentifytranslationreligiouscuriosityprotectivemathematiciand)词尾有ain,ee,eer,ese,ette后缀的词重音在该后缀上而且有一个次重音:entertainemployeemountaineerJapanesecigarette*c)词尾有eous,grahpy,ial,ian,ic,ics,ience,ient,ify,ion,ious,ity,ive后缀的词重音在这些后缀的前一个音节上:courteouscalligraphyeditorialhistorianmathematicsexperiencesufficientidentifytranslationreligiouscuriosityprotectivemathematiciand)词尾有ain,ee,eer,ese,ette后缀的词重音在该后缀上而且有一个次重音:entertainemployeemountaineerJapanesecigarette复合词的重音复合名词的重音一般在第一个音节上blackboardanybodyhandbagbookstorehotdogclassroompickpocketlifestylewebsitesleepingcarcomputergamesmiddleschoolsittingroom复合动词的重音一般在第二个音节illtreatoverdo有些复合词有双重音kindheartedthreeleggedafternoon少数复合词的重音在第二个音节上whateveryourselfthroughout*复合词的重音复合名词的重音一般在第一个音节上blackboardanybodyhandbagbookstorehotdogclassroompickpocketlifestylewebsitesleepingcarcomputergamesmiddleschoolsittingroom复合动词的重音一般在第二个音节illtreatoverdo有些复合词有双重音kindheartedthreeleggedafternoon少数复合词的重音在第二个音节上whateveryourselfthroughout有些复合词的重音位置对词义的变化有影响darkroom暗房darkroom黑暗的房间greenhouse温室greenhouse绿色的房屋bluebottle矢车菊bluebottle兰色的瓶子blackboard黑板blackboard黑色的木板Englishbook英语教材Englishbook英文书(printedinEnglish)*有些复合词的重音位置对词义的变化有影响darkroom暗房darkroom黑暗的房间greenhouse温室greenhouse绿色的房屋bluebottle矢车菊bluebottle兰色的瓶子blackboard黑板blackboard黑色的木板Englishbook英语教材Englishbook英文书(printedinEnglish)重音的转移afternoonthisafternoonafternoonteafourteenHe’sfourteenfourteenyearsChineseWe’reChinesetheChinesepeopleunknownquiteunknownanunknownfactinsidecomeinsideaninsideseat*重音的转移afternoonthisafternoonafternoonteafourteenHe’sfourteenfourteenyearsChineseWe’reChinesetheChinesepeopleunknownquiteunknownanunknownfactinsidecomeinsideaninsideseat

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