下载

1下载券

加入VIP
  • 专属下载特权
  • 现金文档折扣购买
  • VIP免费专区
  • 千万文档免费下载

上传资料

关闭

关闭

关闭

封号提示

内容

首页 文学 Rip Van Winkle

文学 Rip Van Winkle.doc

文学 Rip Van Winkle

zhongzhenharry
2013-11-14 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《文学 Rip Van Winkledoc》,可适用于外语资料领域

RipVanWinklebyWashingtonIrvingAposthumouswritingofDiedrichKnickerbockerByWoden,GodofSacons,fromwhencecomesWensday,thatisWodensdayTruthisathingthateverIwillkeepUntothylkedayinwhichIcreepintomysepulchreCartwrightThefollowingTalewasfoundamongthepapersofthelateDiedrichKnickerbocker,anoldgentlemanofNewYork,whowasverycuriousintheDutchhistoryoftheprovince,andthemannersofthedescendantsfromitsprimitivesettlersHishistoricalresearches,however,didnotliesomuchamongbooksasamongmenfortheformerarelamentablyscantyonhisfavoritetopicswhereashefoundtheoldburghers,andstillmoretheirwives,richinthatlegendarylore,soinvaluabletotruehistoryWhenever,therefore,hehappeneduponagenuineDutchfamily,snuglyshutupinitslowroofedfarmhouse,underaspreadingsycamore,helookeduponitasalittleclaspedvolumeofblackletter,'andstudieditwiththezealofabookwormTheresultofalltheseresearcheswasahistoryoftheprovinceduringthereignoftheDutchgovernors,whichhepublishedsomeyearssinceTherehavebeenvariousopinionsastotheliterarycharacterofhiswork,and,totellthetruth,itisnotawhitbetterthanitshouldbeItschiefmeritisitsscrupulousaccuracy,whichindeedwasalittlequestionedonitsfirstappearance,buthassincebeencompletelyestablishedanditisnowadmittedintoallhistoricalcollections,asabookofunquestionableauthorityTheoldgentlemandiedshortlyafterthepublicationofhiswork,andnowthatheisdeadandgone,itcannotdomuchharmtohismemorytosaythathistimemighthavebeenmuchbetteremployedinweightierlaborsHe,however,wasapttoridehishobbyhisownwayandthoughitdidnowandthenkickupthedustalittleintheeyesofhisneighbors,andgrievethespiritofsomefriends,forwhomhefeltthetruestdeferenceandaffectionyethiserrorsandfolliesareremembered"moreinsorrowthaninanger,"anditbeginstobesuspected,thatheneverintendedtoinjureoroffendButhoweverhismemorymaybeappreciatedbycritics,itisstillhelddearbymanyfolk,whosegoodopinioniswellworthhavingparticularlybycertainbiscuitbakers,whohavegonesofarastoimprinthislikenessontheirnewyearcakesandhavethusgivenhimachanceforimmortality,almostequaltothebeingstampedonaWaterlooMedal,oraQueenAnne'sFarthing"WhoeverhasmadeavoyageuptheHudsonmustremembertheKaatskill"mountainsTheyareadismemberedbranchofthegreatAppalachianfamily,andareSeenawaytothewestoftheriver,swellinguptoanobleheight,andlordingitoverthesurroundingcountryEverychangeofseason,everychangeofweather,indeed,everyhouroftheday,producessomechangeinthemagicalhuesandshapesofthesemountains,andtheyareregardedbyallthegoodwives,farandnear,asperfectbarometersWhentheweatherisfairandsettled,theyareclothedinblueandpurple,andprinttheirboldoutlinesonthecleareveningskybut,sometimes,whentherestofthelandscapeiscloudless,theywillgatherahoodofgrayvaporsabouttheirsummits,which,inthelastraysofthesettingsun,willglowandlightuplikeacrownofgloryAtthefootofthesefairymountains,thevoyagermayhavedescriedthelightsmokecurlingupfromavillage,whoseshingleroofsgleamamongthetrees,justwherethebluetintsoftheuplandmeltawayintothefreshgreenofthenearerlandscapeItisalittlevillage,ofgreatantiquity,havingbeenfoundedbysomeoftheDutchcolonistsintheearlytimesoftheprovince,justaboutthebeginningofthegovernmentofthegoodPeterStuyvesant,"(mayherestinpeace!)andthereweresomeofthehousesoftheoriginalsettlersstandingwithinafewyears,builtofsmallyellowbricksbroughtfromHolland,havinglatticedwindowsandgablefronts,surmountedwithweathercocksInthatsamevillage,andinoneoftheseveryhouses(which,totelltheprecisetruth,wassadlytimewornandweatherbeaten),therelivedmanyyearssince,whilethecountrywasyetaprovinceofGreatBritain,asimplegoodnaturedfellow,ofthenameofRipVanWinkleHewasadescendantoftheVanWinkleswhofiguredsogallantlyinthechivalrousdaysofPeterStuyvesant,andaccompaniedhimtothesiegeofFortChristina''Heinherited,however,butlittleofthemartialcharacterofhisancestorsIhaveobservedthathewasasimplegoodnaturedmanhewas,moreover,akindneighbor,andanobedienthenpeckedhusbandIndeed,tothelattercircumstancemightbeowingthatmeeknessofspiritwhichgainedhimsuchuniversalpopularityforthosemenaremostapttobeobsequiousandconciliatingabroad,whoareunderthedisciplineofshrewsathomeTheirtempers,doubtless,arerenderedpliantandmalleableinthefieryfurnaceofdomestictribulationandacurtainlecture"isworthallthesermonsintheworldforteachingthevirtuesofpatienceandlongsufferingAtermagantwifemay,therefore,insomerespects,beconsideredatolerableblessingandifso,RipVanWinklewasthriceblessedCertainitis,thathewasagreatfavoriteamongallthegoodwivesofthevillage,who,asusual,withtheamiablesex,tookhispartinallfamilysquabblesandneverfailed,whenevertheytalkedthosemattersoverintheireveninggossipings,tolayalltheblameonDameVanWinkleThechildrenofthevillage,too,wouldshoutwithjoywheneverheapproachedHeassistedattheirsports,madetheirplaythings,taughtthemtoflykitesandshootmarbles,andtoldthemlongstoriesofghosts,witches,andIndiansWheneverhewentdodgingaboutthevillage,hewassurroundedbyatroopofthem,hangingonhisskirts,clamberingonhisback,andplayingathousandtricksonhimwithimpunityandnotadogwouldbarkathimthroughouttheneighborhoodThegreaterrorinRip'scompositionwasaninsuperableaversiontoallkindsofprofitablelaborItcouldnotbefromthewantofassiduityorperseveranceforhewouldsitonawetrock,witharodaslongandheavyasaTartar'slance,andfishalldaywithoutamurmur,eventhoughheshouldnotbeencouragedbyasinglenibbleHewouldcarryafowlingpieceonhisshoulderforhourstogether,trudgingthroughwoodsandswamps,anduphillanddowndale,toshootafewsquirellsorwildpigeonsHewouldneverrefusetoassistaneighborevenintheroughesttoil,andwasaforemostmanatallcountryfrolicsforhuskingIndiancorn,orbuildingstonefencesthewomenofthevillage,too,usedtoemployhimtoruntheirerrands,andtodosuchlittleoddjobsastheirlessobliginghusbandswouldnotdoforthemInawordRipwasreadytoattendtoanybody'sbusinessbuthisownbutastodoingfamilyduty,andkeepinghisfarminorder,hefounditimpossibleInfact,hedeclareditwasofnousetoworkonhisfarmitwasthemostpestilentlittlepieceofgroundinthewholecountryeverythingaboutitwentwrong,andwouldgowrong,inspiteofhimHisfenceswerecontinuallyfallingtopieceshiscowwouldeithergoastray,orgetamongthecabbagesweedsweresuretogrowquickerinhisfieldsthananywhereelsetherainalwaysmadeapointofsettinginjustashehadsomeoutdoorworktodosothatthoughhispatrimonialestatehaddwindledawayunderhismanagement,acrebyacre,untiltherewaslittlemoreleftthanamerepatchofIndiancornandpotatoes,yetitwastheworstconditionedfarmintheneighborhoodHischildren,too,wereasraggedandwildasiftheybelongedtonobodyHissonRip,anurchinbegotteninhisownlikeness,promisedtoinheritthehabits,withtheoldclothesofhisfatherHewasgenerallyseentroopinglikeacoltathismother'sheels,equippedinapairofhisfather'scastoffgalligaskins,whichhehadmuchadotoholdupwithonehand,asafineladydoeshertraininbadweatherRipVanWinkle,however,wasoneofthosehappymortals,offoolish,welloileddispositions,whotaketheworldeasy,eatwhitebreadorbrown,whichevercanbegotwithleastthoughtortrouble,andwouldratherstarveonapennythanworkforapoundIflefttohimself,hewouldhavewhistledlifeawayinperfectcontentmentbuthiswifekeptcontinuallydinninginhisearsabouthisidleness,hiscarelessness,andtheruinhewasbringingonhisfamilyMorning,noon,andnight,hertonguewasincessantlygoing,andeverythinghesaidordidwassuretoproduceatorrentofhouseholdeloquenceRiphadbutonewayofreplyingtoalllecturesofthekind,andthat,byfrequentuse,hadgrownintoahabitHeshruggedhisshoulders,shookhishead,castuphiseyes,butsaidnothingThis,however,alwaysprovokedafreshvolleyfromhiswifesothathewasfaintodrawoffhisforces,andtaketotheoutsideofthehousetheonlysidewhich,intruth,belongstoahenpeckedhusbandRip'ssoledomesticadherentwashisdogWolf,whowasasmuchhenpeckedashismasterforDameVanWinkleregardedthemascompanionsinidleness,andevenlookeduponWolfwithanevileye,asthecauseofhismaster'sgoingsooftenastrayTrueitis,inallpointsofspiritbefittinganhonorabledog,hewasascourageousananimalaseverscouredthewoodsbutwhatcouragecanwithstandtheeverduringandallbesettingterrorsofawoman'stongueThemomentWolfenteredthehousehiscrestfell,histaildroppedtotheground,orcurledbetweenhislegs,hesneakedaboutwithagallowsair,castingmanyasidelongglanceatDameVanWinkle,andattheleastflourishofabroomstickorladle,hewouldruntothedoorwithyelpingprecipitationTimesgrewworseandworsewithRipVanWinkleasyearsofmatrimonyrolledonatarttempernevermellowswithage,andasharptongueistheonlyedgedtoolthatgrowskeenerwithconstantuseForalongwhileheusedtoconsolehimself,whendrivenfromhome,byfrequentingakindofperpetualclubofthesages,philosophers,andotheridlepersonagesofthevillagewhichhelditssessionsonabenchbeforeasmallinn,designatedbyarubicundportraitofHisMajestyGeorgetheThirdHeretheyusedtositintheshadethroughalonglazysummer'sday,talkinglistlesslyovervillagegossip,ortellingendlesssleepystoriesaboutnothingButitwouldhavebeenworthanystatesman'smoneytohaveheardtheprofounddiscussionsthatsometimestookplace,whenbychanceanoldnewspaperfellintotheirhandsfromsomepassingtravellerHowsolemnlytheywouldlistentothecontents,asdrawledoutbyDerrickVanBummel,theschoolmaster,adapperlearnedlittleman,whowasnottobedauntedbythemostgiganticwordinthedictionaryandhowsagelytheywoulddeliberateuponpubliceventssomemonthsaftertheyhadtakenplaceTheopinionsofthisjuntowerecompletelycontrolledbyNicholasVedder,apatriarchofthevillage,andlandlordoftheinn,atthedoorofwhichhetookhisseatfrommorningtillnight,justmovingsufficientlytoavoidthesunandkeepintheshadeofalargetreesothattheneighborscouldtellthehourbyhismovementsasaccuratelyasbyasundialItistruehewasrarelyheardtospeak,butsmokedhispipeincessantlyHisadherents,however(foreverygreatmanhashisadherents),perfectlyunderstoodhim,andknewhowtogatherhisopinionsWhenanythingthatwasreadorrelateddispleasedhim,hewasobservedtosmokehispipevehementlyandtosendforthshort,frequentandangrypuffsbutwhenpleased,hewouldinhalethesmokeslowlyandtranquilly,andemititinlightandplacidcloudsandsometimes,takingthepipefromhismouth,andlettingthefragrantvaporcurlabouthisnose,wouldgravelynodhisheadintokenofperfectapprobationFromeventhisstrongholdtheunluckyRipwasatlengthroutedbyhistermagantwife,whowouldsuddenlybreakinuponthetranquilityoftheassemblageandcallthemembersalltonaughtnorwasthataugustpersonage,NicholasVedderhimself,sacredfromthedaringtongueofthisterriblevirago,whochargedhimoutrightwithencouragingherhusbandinhabitsofidlenessPoorRipwasatlastreducedalmosttodespairandhisonlyalternative,toescapefromthelaborofthefarmandclamorofhiswife,wastotakeguninhandandstrollawayintothewoodsHerehewouldsometimesseathimselfatthefootofatree,andsharethecontentsofhiswalletwithWolf,withwhomhesympathizedasafellowsuffererinpersecution"PoorWolf,"hewouldsay,"thymistressleadstheeadog'slifeofitbutnevermind,mylad,whilstIlivethoushaltneverwantafriendtostandbythee!"Wolfwouldwaghistail,lookwistfullyinhismaster'sface,andifdogscanfeelpityIverilybelievehereciprocatedthesentimentwithallhisheartInalongrambleofthekindonafineautumnalday,RiphadunconsciouslyscrambledtooneofthehighestpartsoftheKaatskillmountainsHewasafterhisfavoritesportofsquirrelshooting,andthestillsolitudeshadechoedandreechoedwiththereportsofhisgunPantingandfatigued,hethrewhimself,lateintheafternoon,onagreenknoll,coveredwithmountainherbage,thatcrownedthebrowofaprecipiceFromanopeningbetweenthetreeshecouldoverlookallthelowercountryformanyamileofrichwoodlandHesawatadistancethelordlyHudson,far,farbelowhim,movingonitssilentbutmajesticcourse,withthereflectionofapurplecloud,orthesailofalaggingbark,hereandtheresleepingonitsglassybosom,andatlastlosingitselfinthebluehighlandsOntheothersidehelookeddownintoadeepmountainglen,wild,lonely,andshagged,thebottomfilledwithfragmentsfromtheimpendingcliffs,andscarcelylightedbythereflectedraysofthesettingsunForsometimeRiplaymusingonthissceneeveningwasgraduallyadvancingthemountainsbegantothrowtheirlongblueshadowsoverthevalleyshesawthatitwouldbedarklongbeforehecouldreachthevillage,andheheavedaheavysighwhenhethoughtofencounteringtheterrorsofDameVanWinkleAshewasabouttodescend,heheardavoicefromadistance,hallooing,"RipVanWinkle!RipVanWinkle!"Helookedround,butcouldseenothingbutacrowwingingitssolitaryflightacrossthemountainHethoughthisfancymusthavedeceivedhim,andturnedagaintodescend,whenheheardthesamecryringthroughthestilleveningair"RipVanWinkle!RipVanWinkle!"atthesametimeWolfbristleduphisback,andgivingalowgrowl,skulkedtohismaster'sside,lookingfearfullydownintotheglenRipnowfeltavagueapprehensionstealingoverhimhelookedanxiouslyinthesamedirection,andperceivedastrangefigureslowlytoilinguptherocks,andbendingundertheweightofsomethinghecarriedonhisbackHewassurprisedtoseeanyhumanbeinginthislonelyandunfrequentedplace,butsupposingittobesomeoneoftheneighborhoodinneedofhisAssistance,hehasteneddowntoyielditOnnearerapproachhewasstillmoresurprisedatthesingularityofthestranger'sappearanceHewasashortsquarebuiltoldfellow,withthickbushyhair,andagrizzledbeardHisdresswasoftheantiqueDutchfashionaclothjerkinstrappedroundthewaistseveralpairofbreeches,theouteroneofamplevolume,decoratedwithrowsofbuttonsdownthesides,andbunchesatthekneesHeboreonhisshoulderastoutkeg,thatseemedfullofliquor,andmadesignsforRiptoapproachandassisthimwiththeloadThoughrathershyanddistrustfulofthisnewacquaintance,Ripcompliedwithhisusualalacrityandmutuallyrelievingoneanother,theyclamberedupanarrowgully,apparentlythedrybedofamountaintorrentAstheyascended,Ripeverynowandthenheardlongrollingpeals,likedistantthunder,thatseemedtoissueoutofadeepravine,orrathercleft,betweenloftyrocks,towardwhichtheirruggedpathconductedHepausedforaninstant,butsupposingittobethemutteringofoneofthosetransientthundershowerswhichoftentakeplaceinmountainheights,heproceededPassingthroughtheravine,theycametoahollow,likeasmallamphitheatre,surroundedbyperpendicularprecipices,overthebrinksofwhichimpendingtreesshottheirbranches,sothatyouonlycaughtglimpsesoftheazureskyandthebrighteveningcloudDuringthewholetimeRipandhiscompanionhadlaboredoninsilenceforthoughtheformermarvelledgreatlywhatcouldbetheobjectofcarryingakegofliquorupthiswildmountain,yettherewassomethingstrangeandincomprehensibleabouttheunknown,thatinspiredaweandcheckedfamiliarityninepinsTheyweredressedinaquaintoutlandishfashionsomeworeshortdoublets,othersjerkins,withlongknivesintheirbelts,andmostofthemhadenormousbreeches,ofsimilarstylewiththatoftheguide'sTheirvisages,too,werepeculiar:onehadalargebeard,broadface,andsmallpiggisheyes:thefaceofanotherseemedtoconsistentirelyofnose,andwassurmountedbyawhitesugarloafhat,setoffwithalittleredcock'stailTheyallhadbeards,ofvariousshapesandcolorsTherewasonewhoseemedtobethecommanderHewasastoutoldgentleman,withaweatherbeatencountenanceheworealaceddoublet,broadbeltandhanger,"highcrownedhatandfeather,redstockings,andhighheeledshoes,withrosesinthemThewholegroupremindedRipofthefiguresinanoldFlemishpainting,intheparlorofDominicVanShaick,thevillageparson,andwhichhadbeenbroughtoverfromHollandatthetimeofthesettlementWhatseemedparticularlyoddtoRipwas,thatthoughthesefolkswereevidentlyamusingthemselves,yettheymaintainedthegravestfaces,themostmysterioussilence,andwere,withal,themostmelancholypartyofpleasurehehadeverwitnessedNothinginterruptedthestillnessofthescenebutthenoiseoftheballs,which,whenevertheywererolled,echoedalongthemountainslikerumblingpealsofthunderAsRipandhiscompanionapproachedthem,theysuddenlydesistedfromtheirplay,andstaredathimwithsuchfixedstatuelikegaze,andsuchstrange,uncouthlacklustrecountenances,thathisheartturnedwithinhim,andhiskneessmotetogetherHiscompanionnowemptiedthecontentsofthekegintolargeflagonsandmadesignstohimtowaituponthecompanyHeobeyedwithfearandtremblingtheyquaffedtheliquorinprofoundsilence,andthenreturnedtotheirgameBydegreesRip'saweandapprehensionsubsidedHeevenventured,whennoeyewasfixeduponhim,totastethebeverage,whichhefoundhadmuchoftheflavorofexcellentHollands"Hewasnaturallyathirstysoul,andwassoontemptedtorepeatthedraughtOnetasteprovokedanotherandhereiteratedhisvisitstotheflagonsooftenthatatlengthhissenseswereoverpowered,hiseyesswaminhishead,hisheadgraduallydeclined,andhefellintoadeepsleepOnwaking,hefoundhimselfonthegreenknollwhencehehadfirstseentheoldmanoftheglenHerubbedhiseyesitwasabrightsunnymorningThebirdswerehoppingandtwitteringamongthebushes,andtheeaglewaswheelingaloft,andbreastingthepuremountainbreeze"Surely,"thoughtRip,"Ihavenotslepthereallnight"HerecalledtheoccurancesbeforehefellasleepThestrangemanwithakegofliquorthemountainravinethewildretreatamongtherocksthewobegonepartyatninepinstheflagon"Oh!thatflagon!thatwickedflagon!"thoughtRip"whatexcuseshallImaketoDameVanWinkle!"

用户评价(0)

关闭

新课改视野下建构高中语文教学实验成果报告(32KB)

抱歉,积分不足下载失败,请稍后再试!

提示

试读已结束,如需要继续阅读或者下载,敬请购买!

文档小程序码

使用微信“扫一扫”扫码寻找文档

1

打开微信

2

扫描小程序码

3

发布寻找信息

4

等待寻找结果

我知道了
评分:

/10

文学 Rip Van Winkle

VIP

在线
客服

免费
邮箱

爱问共享资料服务号

扫描关注领取更多福利