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Spring-2009-AMECA-List-of-Acceptable-Plastics-for-Optical-Lenses-and-Reflex-Reflectors[1].pdf

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简介:本文档为《Spring-2009-AMECA-List-of-Acceptable-Plastics-for-Optical-Lenses-and-Reflex-Reflectors[1]pdf》,可适用于机械、化工领域,主题内容包含AMECAListofAcceptablePlasticsforOpticalLensesandReflexReflectorsUsedonMoto符等。

AMECA List of Acceptable Plastics for Optical Lenses and Reflex Reflectors Used on Motor Vehicles Spring 2009 Final Edition July 23, 2009 Automotive Manufacturers Equipment Compliance Agency, Inc. P.O. Box 76960 National Capitol Station Washington, D.C. 20013-6960 Automotive Manufacturers Equipment Compliance Agency, Inc. 1025 Connecticut Avenue, NW Suite #1012 Washington DC 20036 www.ameca.org 1. STATUS The following materials have been accepted by the Automotive Manufacturers Equipment Compliance Agency as meeting the 3-year weathering test of SAE J576 (as amended in 49 CFR 571.108 S5.1.2) for plastics used in optical lenses and reflectors used on motor vehicles. No evaluation has been made as to the suitability of individual materials for particular automotive uses, or to the manufacturing methods. You must contact the resin or coating manufacturer to determine the best material for your application. Every manufacturer has specialized products for different applications, processing conditions, manufacturing equipment, light sources and final use. Please use the manufacturer addresses and websites in each listing for more information. The device manufacturers must ensure that the lenses molded from acceptable materials meet the color and plastic stability test requirements for each individual device. 2. LISTING The material is listed by the manufacturer's name, trade name and flow formulation, type of resin, color number and color. 3. MATERIAL COATINGS AND HAZE When these materials are used for state/provincial regulated lighting device lenses, the applicable state/provincial regulations shall be met. The Code "Q" denotes material that must be coated to pass the weathering test. The material may be used for any device after it is so coated. The Code "#" denotes material which must be coated to pass the 7% haze requirement for use in lenses of reflex reflectors or in lenses in front of reflex reflectors. This material does not need to be coated to meet the 30% haze requirement. This material is acceptable for lighting equipment required by 49 CFR 571.108 S5.1.2 when coated with the proper coating. Reflex reflectors shall meet the haze requirements of SAE J576, JUL 91, paragraph 4.2.3. The Code "$" denotes material with haze values between 7% and 30%. This material is acceptable for lighting equipment required by 49 CFR 571.108 S5.1.2, but which cannot be used in lenses of reflex reflectors or in lenses in front of reflex reflectors. Reflex reflectors shall meet the haze requirements of SAE J576, paragraph 4.2.3 (under 7%). The Code "!" denotes a material that does not require a coating to be used as an inner lens when protected by an outer lens designated by Code "#“ The Code “&” denotes a material with under 7% haze when coated but unusable when uncoated. The Code “@” denotes a material with over 7% haze when coated but unusable when uncoated. 4. DISTRIBUTION This list is distributed free on a semiannual basis and is subject to change twice a year. Any revised or pre-release editions may be obtained by contacting AMECA. 5. DEFINITIONS Coating -- Material applied to surface of the lens to improve some aspect of performance. Coated materials-- a material which has a coating applied to the surface of the finished sample to impart some protective properties. Coating identification means a mark of the manufacturer’s name, formulation designation number, and recommendations for application. Color bleeding -- the migration of color out of a plastic part onto the surrounding surface. Cracking -- a separation of adjacent sections of a plastic material with penetration into the specimen. Crazing -- a network of apparent fine cracks on or beneath the surface of materials. Delamination -- a separation of the layers of a material including coatings. Hard Coat -- 1) Coating which is cured by UV radiation. 2) Coating which provides additional resistance to abrasion or scratching which may be cured by thermally or by UV radiation. May contribute to long term durability of material. NOTE: Both definitions are being used--please verify the intended performance when discussing hard coats. Haze -- the cloudy or turbid appearance of an otherwise transparent specimen caused by light scattered from within the specimen or from its surface. UV-protective Coat -- Coating designed to provide additional protection from the sun's electromagnetic radiation, particularly those wavelengths in the UV bandwidth. Often used on polycarbonate substrates to improve weathering performance. Polycarbonates must be coated for use in or in front of reflex reflectors. Reflex reflectors-- devices used on vehicles to give an indication to approaching drivers using reflected light from the lamps of the approaching vehicle. Substrate -- Base material to which all other performance enhancing materials are added. UV radiation -- Short wavelength, high energy radiation emitted by the sun or other object (HID lamp). Wave lengths between 10 and 380 nm. HID Lamp -- High Intensity Discharge Lamp. Lamps produce light by the use of a stabilized arc. Lamps can produce significant UV radiation which may require special materials. See SAE J- 1647 6. NOTE ON COLOR The colors listed have been determined to be in compliance with SAE J-578 using the ASTM E 308-66 method for all thicknesses required by FMVSS 108 or in thicknesss specified by the resin manufacturer (SAE J576 S4.1). NOT EVERY THICKNESS IN EVERY COLOR LISTED WILL MEET SAE J-578 COORDINATES NOT EVERY MATERIAL IN EVERY COLOR WILL MEET J578 WITH LED OR ILLUMINANT C LIGHTSOURCES CHECK WITH THE RESEN MANUFACTURER’S COLOR SPECIALIST The ASTM E 308-66 method uses an illuminant A light source energized to 2856k. If you use anything other than an incandescent light source at 2856k you MUST verify that the resulting color meets the specifications of SAE J-578 for your intended thickness. Halogen light sources at 3200k, illuminant C (strobe) and LED light sources will dramatically alter the color output. In addition, some light sources do not emit color or luminous flux uniformly. Measurements should be made to verify that the emitted light using your intended lightsource meets the specifications of J-578 throughout its photometric range. 7. NOTE ON INNER LENS COLOR Combinations of inner and outer lenses with various colors may not perform predictably. Output will vary markedly with different light sources. Check with the resin manufacturer’s color specialist when making selections 8. NOTE ON “EQUIVALENT” FORMULATIONS. Many companies have distributed manufacturing facilities, cooperative agreements or joint ventures. In order to list a facility or another company the company which has done the three year weathering testing must send documentation stating that the materials, processes and end products are equivalent between itself and the new applicant. Due to industry complaints, the List of Acceptable Plastics has revised the listing to more accurately reflect the test data from various parent companies. In addition, if the joint venture is terminated or the manufacturing facility is sold, the subsidiary or joint company must be able to provide weathering test data on its own. A company can no longer rely on the parent company data and processes if they have no relationship to the parent company who conducted the original testing. 9. NOTE ON SAE J-576 FORMATTING In 2003 SAE reformatted J576 JUL91. Section 2 “References” was split into two sections, Section 2, References and Section 3 Definitions. Please check the formatting used during communication and verify you are referring to the same edition. 10. NOTE ON SUBMITTING FOR ADDITIONAL COLORS If you plan to add an additional color number to your listing, please list the existing colors which have undergone the three year weathering that are a greater and lesser concentration. The colors listed MUST be in the same color space. See SAE J576, JUL91 Section 4.1 11. Note on FMVSS 108 Rewrite published December 4, 2007. We are including both the 2007 edition of FMVSS 108 for plastics and the rewritten version. There are some significant differences. Including specifying additional thicknesses, color requirements before and after testing and others. If you have any issues with the proposed changes, please write to the address below. U.S. Department of Transportation NHTSA Correspondence Unit 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE, Room W41-306 Washington, D.C. 20590 Frequently Asked Questions Q1) If someone else has weathered a polycarbonate/PMMA material, do I have to weather my polycarbonate/PMMA material? A) Yes, every company’s material stands independently from what another company has done. Each coating, pigment and additive must be tested with each companiy’s own material. Each separate material stands alone for weathering performance unless bracketed by materials of higher and lower concentrations or molecular weights. Q2) If someone else has weathered a pigment with another plastic do I have to weather the pigment with my plastic? A) Yes, every company’s material stands independently from what another company has done. Each coating, pigment and additive must be tested with each companiy’s own material. Each separate material stands alone for weathering performance unless bracketed by materials of higher and lower concentrations or molecular weights. Q3) If someone else has weathered a coating do I have to weather my material with that coating? A) Yes, every company’s material stands independently from what another company has done. Each coating, pigment and additive must be tested with each companiy’s own material. Each separate material stands alone for weathering performance unless bracketed by materials of higher and lower concentrations or molecular weights. Q4) Testing laboratories typically use a 1-10 numbering scale according to ASTM D660 to indicate the degree of crazing, cracking or delamination associated with weathering. What numberical value from ASTM D660 is acceptable for listing? A) FMVSS 108 does not refer to any numerical values from ASTM D660. The numerical values are done by the test laboratory for manufacture convenience. FMVSS 108 Section 5.1.2 (a) refers to SAE J-576 which says: SAE J576 Section 5.2.4 APPEARANCE—The exposed samples when compared with the unexposed controls shall not show physical changes affecting performance such as color bleeding, delamination, crazing, or cracking. In addition, the rewrite of FMVSS 108 states: S14.4.2.2.4.2 After completion of the outdoor exposure test materials used for headlamp lenses must show no deterioration. S14.4.2.2.4.3 After completion of the outdoor exposure test all materials, when compared with the unexposed control samples, must not show physical changes affecting performance such as color bleeding, delamination, crazing, or cracking. Additionally materials used for reflex reflectors and lenses used in front of reflex reflectors must not show surface deterioration or dimensional changes. Your tested samples must not show any changes affecting performance. The only value which shows no change is a numerical value of 10. Q5) How many thicknesses to I have to test? A) FMVSS 108 Rewrite: S14.4.2.1.3 Samples must be furnished in thicknesses of 1.6 0.25 mm, 2.3 0.25 mm, 3.2 0.25 mm, and 6.4 0.25 mm. Q6) Even if it’s for a coating? A) Yes. Q7) Do the colors of the pigmented material have to meet the color coordinates for all thicknesses? A) Yes: S14.4.2.1.4 All samples must conform to the applicable color test requirement of this standard prior to testing. Q8) Do materials have to meet the color requirements before testing? A) Yes: S14.4.2.1.4 All samples must conform to the applicable color test requirement of this standard prior to testing. Q9) What about the plastics used in non-FMVSS applications such as emergency vehicle lighting which also require three year weathering? A) Yes, those can be listed with non-standard colors as long as they are NOT used on FMVSS 108 lighting devices. Table of Contents ARKEMA INC. ALTUGLAS DIVISION............................................................................. 1 ARKEMA ITALIA ALTUGLAS DIVISION ........................................................................ 3 ARKEMA KOREA ALTUGLAS DIVISION....................................................................... 4 ASAHI CHEMICAL........................................................................................................... 4 BAYER MATERIALSCIENCE AG (EUROPE)................................................................. 6 BAYER MATERIALSCIENCE LLC (AMERICA)............................................................ 11 BAYER MATERIALSCIENCE LTD. (ASIA PACIFIC).................................................... 18 CHI MEI CORPORATION .............................................................................................. 21 DAESAN MMA CORP.................................................................................................... 22 DAICEL POLYMER LTD................................................................................................ 22 DIAPOLYACRYLATE CO., LTD. ................................................................................... 23 DOW BENELUX B.V. ..................................................................................................... 26 DSM ENGINEERING PLASTICS ................................................................................... 27 EVONIK CYRO LLC, EVONIK RŐHM, EVONIK DEGUSSA CHINA. ........................... 28 IDEMITSU KOSAN CO., LTD. ....................................................................................... 30 KURARAY CO. LTD....................................................................................................... 32 LG DOW POLYCARBONATE LTD. .............................................................................. 35 LG MMA CORP. ............................................................................................................. 36 LUCITE INTERNATIONAL (U.K.) .................................................................................. 37 MITSUBISHI ENGINEERING PLASTICS CORP........................................................... 39 MITSUBISHI RAYON ..................................................................................................... 41 NANTONG RAYON CHEMICAL CO., LTD. .................................................................. 45 NIPPON STEEL CHEMICAL CO., LTD. ........................................................................ 48 PLASKOLITE INC. ......................................................................................................... 48 POLICARBONATOS DO BRASIL ................................................................................. 50 QUINN PLASTICS GMBH.............................................................................................. 50 RESARBRAS DA BAHIA S.A........................................................................................ 50 SABIC INNOVATIVE PLASTICS USA .......................................................................... 51 SABIC INNOVATIVE PLASTICS AUSTRALIA ............................................................. 54 SABIC INNOVATIVE PLASTICS NAHSHA CHINA ...................................................... 57 SABIC INNOVATIVE PLASTICS SHANGHAI CHINA................................................... 60 SABIC INNOVATIVE PLASTICS EUROPE................................................................... 63 SABIC INNOVATIVE PLASTICS JAPAN...................................................................... 66 SABIC INNOVATIVE PLASTICS KOREA ..................................................................... 69 SABIC INNOVATIVE PLASTICS SINGAPORE ............................................................ 72 SAM YANG CORPORATION......................................................................................... 75 SINGAPORE METHYL METHACRYLATE PTE. LTD................................................... 76 SUMITOMO CHEMICAL CO., LTD. ............................................................................... 76 SUMITOMO DOW .......................................................................................................... 78 TEIJIN CHEMICALS ...................................................................................................... 78 TEIJIN POLYCARBONATE CHINA, LTD...................................................................... 81 TEIJIN POLYCARBONATE SINGAPORE LTD. ........................................................... 83 THAI POLYCARBONATE CO., LTD. ............................................................................ 86 RESARBRAS DA BAHIA S.A........................................................................................ 88 UNIGEL PLASTICS........................................................................................................ 88 UNITIKA LTD. ................................................................................................................ 90 WISCOM ENGINEERING PLASTIC (WUXI) CO. LTD. ................................................. 90 INDEX OF COMPANIES AND MATERIALS ................................................................. 91 APPENDIX A: FEDERAL STANDARD AND NOTABLE INTERPRETATION DOCUMENTS REGARDING PLASTICS ............................................................................................... 93 TRADE NAME AND MFR. FLOW FORMULATION TYPE OF RESIN NUMBER COLOR - 1 - AMECA Spring 2009 List of Acceptable Plastics for Optical Lenses and Reflex Reflectors Arkema Inc. ALTUGLAS or POLYMETHYL P2 Clear Altuglas PLEXIGLAS METHACRYLATE UVA5 Clear Division V(022) 100 Clear V(052) 101 Clear www.arkemagroup.com V(052)I 102 Clear V(415) 366 Red (Formerly V(811) 461 Red Atofina V(811)UVA 610 Red Chemicals, Inc. V(825) 616 Red Atoglas V(825)T 659 Red Division) V(825)TP 756 Red V(826) 868 Red V(920) 908 Red V(920)T 957 Red HT(121) 1101 Red 1108 Red 1118 Red 1175 Red 18008 Red 18016 Red 18035 Red 18036 Red 18037 Red 18039 Red 18040 Red 18042 Red 18043 Red 18044 Red 18046 Red 18047 Red 18048 Red 18134 Red 18152 Red 18165 Red 18166 Red 18175 Red 18176 Red 18181 Red 18205 Red 18210 Red 18213 Red 18227 Red 18228 Red 18229 Red 18236 Red 18241 Red 18242 Red 18244 Red 18249 Red 18250 Red 18254 Red 18287 Red 883 Yellow 885 Yellow 937 Yellow 938 Yellow TRADE NAME AND MFR. FLOW FORMULATION TYPE OF RESIN NUMBER COLOR - 2 - AMECA Spring 2009 List of Acceptable Plastics for Optical Lenses and Reflex Reflectors Arkema Inc. ALTUGLAS or POLYMETHYL 951 Yellow Altuglas Division PLEXIGLAS METHACRYLATE 28019 Yellow V(022) 28020 Yellow www.arkemagroup.com V(052) 28021 Yellow V(052)I 28029 Yellow (Formerly V(415) 28033 Yellow Atofina V(811) 28039 Yellow Chemicals, Inc. V(811)UVA 28040 Yellow Atoglas V(825) 28041 Yellow Division) V(825)T 28042 Yellow V(825)TP 28043 Yellow V(826) 28044 Yellow V(920) 28090 Yellow V(920)T 28107 Yellow HT(121) 28152 Yellow 28154 Yellow 28161 Yellow 28162 Yellow 28163 Yellow 28198 Yellow

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