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首页 W.Wordsworth(5)

W.Wordsworth(5).ppt

W.Wordsworth(5)

VegetableLove
2013-10-26 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《W.Wordsworth(5)ppt》,可适用于外语资料领域

WilliamWordsworthandhispoemsWilliamWordsworthandhispoemsWilliamWordsworth()Representativeofthe(Passive)Romanticpoets“Ihavesaidthatpoetryisthespontaneousoverflowofpowerfulfeelings:ittakesitsoriginfromemotionrecollectedintranquility”ThePassiveRomanticpoetsortheLakepoetsarerepresentedbyWordsworth,ColeridgeandSoutheyTheActiveorRevolutionaryRomanticpoetsarerepresentedbyByron,ShelleyandKeatsTerm:RomanticismTerm:RomanticismRomanticism:amovementthatflourishedinliterature,philosophy,musicandartinWesterncultureduringmostofthethcentury,beginningasarevoteagainstclassicismTherehavebeenmanyvarietiesofRomanticisminmanydifferenttimesandplacesManyoftheideasofEnglishRomanticismwerefirstexpressedbyWilliamWordsworthandSamuelTaylorColeridgeItprevailedinEnglandduringtheperiodRomanticistsexpressedtheideologyandsentimentofthoseclassesandsocialstratathatwerediscontentwithandopposedtothedevelopmentofcapitalismTheysplitintotwogroups(passiveactive)becauseofthedifferentattitudestowardthecapitalistsocietyRomanticisminEnglandRomanticisminEnglandRomanticismasliterarymovementcameintobeinginEnglandearlyinlatterhalfofthethcenturyItfirstmadeitsappearanceinEnglandasarenewedinterestinmedievalliteratureThomasGray,WilliamBlakeandRobertBurnsrepresentedthespiritofwhatisusuallycalledPreRomanticismItisaliterarytrendwhichprevailedinEnglandduringtheperiodof,beginningwiththepublicationofWordsworth’sLyricalBallads(),endingwithWalterScott’sdeath()AnageofpoetryAnageofpoetryThethcenturywasdistinctlyanageofproseTheAgeofWordsworth–liketheAgeofShakespearewasdecidedlyanageofpoetryItsgreatmenofgeniusweremostlyeminentinthepoeticalfield,distinctionwasmoreeasilyachievedinpoetrythaninprose,thegeneraltastewasdecidedlysetinthepoeticdirectionThisfacthashelpedtomarkitasthesecondgreatageinEnglishliteraryhistoryforpoetryisthehighestformofliteraryexpression,andpoetryseemstohavebeenmostinharmonywiththenoblestpowersoftheEnglishgeniusHisprofile()Hisprofile()WilliamWordsworthwasbornonAprilinafineGeorgianhouseinCockermouth,nowcalledWordsworthHouseHischildhoodwasspentlargelyinCockermouthandPenrith,hismother'shometownWilliamandDorothyandhisfuturewifeMaryHutchinsonattendedinfantschoolinPenrithbetweenandHismotherdiedinPenrithwhenhewasHisfatherdiedwhenhewas,andisburiedinthechurchyardofAllSaintsCockermouthWordsworthHouseinCockermouthWordsworthhouseanditsgarden()Hisprofile()FromuntilWilliamattendedtheGrammarSchoolinHawkshead,lodgingwithAnnTysonatColthouseinitially,thenwithhisbrothersAtHawksheadWilliamthrivedreceivingencouragementfromtheheadmastertoreadandwritepoetryDuringtheseyearshemademanyvisitstothecountryside,gaininginspirationasthepowersofnatureexercisedtheirinfluenceHisprofile()TheWordsworthsathomefamilydramainthegardenAnnTyson'scottageinHawksheadHisprofile()HethenwenttoStJohn'sCollege,Cambridge,wherehewasnotanotablestudent,butinevitablymaturedinthoughtandsophisticationIntheWordsworth’sstayedinacottageinDorset,wheretheymetSamuelTaylorColeridgeandRobertSoutheyIntheyearsaheadacloserelationshipdevelopedbetweenWordsworth,DorothyandColeridgeWordsworthandColeridgethenundertookatouroftheLakeDistrict,startingatTempleSowerbyThere,theysawDoveCottage,thenanemptyInncalledtheDoveandOliveBranchHisprofile()LakeareaabeautifulmountainousregionofnorthwesternEnglandHisprofile()InDecemberWordsworthandDorothymovedintoDoveCottageColeridgehavingpreviouslymovedtoGretaHallinKeswickDorothywasWilliam'ssecretaryasWordsworthdictatedhispoetryInWordsworthmarriedhischildhoodcompanionMaryHutchinson,andthefirstthreeoftheirfivechildrenwerebornTheylivedherefortwoyears,withpoetandfriendColeridgeTheythenmovedtotheOldRectory,acoldanddamphousewherehistwoyoungestchildrendiedHisprofile()Dovecottage()ItwaswhilstlivinginDoveCottagethatthegreatRomanticpoetWilliamWordsworthwrotemuchofhisgreatestpoetryHisprofile()IntheymovedtoRydalMount,whereWordsworthandMarystayeduntiltheirdeathsinandWhilstatRydalMount,WordsworthbecameDistributorofStampsforWestmorland,andhadanofficeinChurchStAmblesideInhepublishedhis'GuidethroughtheDistrictoftheLakes'InhebecamethePoetLaureate,andresignedhisofficeasStampDistributorHisprofile()RydalMountRydalMountHisprofile()InWordsworthcaughtacoldonacountrywalk,andhediedonApril,StGeorge'sday,yearsafterhisbirthHeandMarywhodiedyearslaterhaveasimpletombstoneinthechurchyardofStOswald'sChurchinGrasmere,nowoneofthemostvisitedliteraryshrinesintheworldWordsworthwrotesome,linesofverse,,linesmorethananyotherpoetHisprofile()WordsworthtombstoneinthechurchyardofStOswald'sChurchWilliamWordsworth’scemeteryandStOswald'sChurchWilliamWordsworth’scemeteryandStOswald'sChurchTheworshipperofnature()WordsworthwasadefiningmemberoftheEnglishRomanticMovementLikeotherRomantics,Wordsworth’spersonalityandpoetryweredeeplyinfluencedbyhisloveofnature,especiallybythesightsandscenesoftheLakeCountry,inwhichhespentmostofhismaturelifeAprofoundlyearnestandsincerethinker,hedisplayedahighseriousnesstemperedwithtendernessandaloveofsimplicityTheworshipperofnature()Theworshipperofnature()Theworshipperofnature()Wordsworthisregardedasa"worshipperofnature"HecanpenetratetotheheartofthingsandgivethereadertheverylifeofnatureToWordsworth,natureactsasasubstituteforimaginativeandintellectualengagementIt'snaturethatgiveshim"strengthandknowledgefullofpeace"Hissignificance()Hissignificance()WilliamWordsworthwasthecentralfigureintheEnglishRomanticrevolutioninpoetryHiscontributiontoitwasthreefoldFirst,heformulatedinhispoemsandhisessaysanewattitudetowardnatureThiswasmorethanamatterofintroducingnatureimageryintohisverseitamountedtoafreshviewoftheorganicrelationbetweenmanandthenaturalworld,anditculminatedinmetaphorsofaweddingbetweennatureandthehumanmindHissignificance()Second,Wordsworthprobeddeeplyintohisownsensibilityashetraced,inhisfinestpoem,ThePrelude,the"growthofapoet'smind"ThePreludewasinfactthefirstlongautobiographicalpoemWritingitinadrawnoutprocessofselfexploration,Wordsworthworkedhiswaytowardamodernpsychologicalunderstandingofhisownnature,andthusmorebroadlyofhumannatureHissignificance()Hissignificance()Third,Wordsworthplacedpoetryatthecentreofhumanexperienceinimpassionedrhetorichepronouncedpoetrytobenothinglessthan"thefirstandlastofallknowledgeitisasimmortalastheheartofman,"andhethenwentontocreatesomeofthegreatestEnglishpoetryofhiscenturyHissignificance()HismajorworksHismajorworksLyricalBallads(抒情歌谣集)TheOldCumberlandBeggar(老克勃兰特乞丐)LinesComposedaFewMilesAboveTinternAbbey(丁登寺)ThePrelude(序曲)TheExcursion(远行)LyricalBalladsLyricalBalladsacollectionofpoemsby WilliamWordsworth and SamuelTaylorColeridge,firstpublishedinandgenerallyconsideredtohavemarkedthebeginningoftheEnglish Romanticmovement inliteratureTheimmediateeffectoncriticswasmodest,butitbecameandremainsalandmark,changingthecourseof Englishliteratureand poetryThePreludeThePreludeanautobiographical conversationpoem in blankverse byWilliamWordsworthIntendedastheintroductiontothemorephilosophical Recluse,whichWordsworthneverfinished, ThePrelude isanextremelypersonalandrevealingworkonthedetailsofWordsworth'slifeWordsworthbegan ThePrelude inattheageofandcontinuedtoworkonitthroughouthislife ThePrelude waseventuallypublishedposthumouslyinbyWordsworth'swife,MaryWordsworthTheSolitaryReaper(孤独的割麦女)TheSolitaryReaper(孤独的割麦女)ThispoemisoneoftherarepoemsnotbasedonWordsworth’sownexperienceWordsworthtellsthatitwassuggestedbyapassageinThomasWilkinson’sTourofScotland(),whichhehadseeninMS:“Passedbyafemalewhowasreapingalone,shesanginErse(theGaeliclanguageofScotland)asshebendedoverhersickle,thesweetesthumanvoiceIeverheardHerstrainsweretenderlymelancholy,andfeltdeliciouslongaftertheywereheardnomore”TheSolitaryReaper(孤独的割麦女)Beholdher,singleinthefield,看,一个孤独的高原姑娘YonsolitaryHighlandLass! 在远远的田野间收割Reapingandsingingbyherself 一边割一边独自歌唱Stophere,orgentlypass!请你站住,或者俏悄走过!Aloneshecutsandbindsthegrain,她独自把麦子割了又捆Andsingsamelancholystrain唱出无限悲凉的歌声Olisten!fortheValeprofound屏息听吧!深广的谷地Isoverflowingwiththesound已被歌声涨满而漫溢!TheSolitaryReaper(孤独的割麦女)Theme:ThepoetsingspraiseoftheordinarypeopleworkinginnatureTherhymeschemeofthestanzasisababccddOldE:look,Hark=listenOvertheretoneOldE:girl,Lad=boyvalleyStanza:ThepoetheardaScottishgirlsingingwhilereapinginthewheatfieldNoNightingaledideverchaunt    还从未有过夜莺百啭Morewelcomenotestowearybands  唱出过如此迷人的歌Oftravelersinsomeshadyhaunt,   在沙漠中的绿荫间AmongArabiansands:        抚慰过疲惫的旅客Avoicesothrillingne‘erwasheard   还从未有过杜鹃迎春InspringtimefromtheCuckoobird,   声声啼得如此震动灵Breakingthesilenceoftheseas     在遥远的赫布利底群岛AmongthefarthestHebrides      打破过大海的寂寥。singdesertspleasantsongsOasis(绿洲)wheretravelerstakearestunderthetreescharmingIrelandEnglandScotlandHebridesInSpringpeopleontheHebridesareexcitedtohearthecuckoo’ssongafteralongwinter’ssilenceStanza:ThepoetissurprisedtohearsuchabeautifulsonginsoremoteaplaceWillnoonetellmewhatshesings  她唱什么,谁能告诉我?Perhapstheplaintivenumbersflow  忧伤的音符不断流涌Forold,unhappy,faroffthings,    是把过去的不幸诉说?Andbattleslongago:        是把古代的战争吟咏?Orisitsomemorehumblelay,    也许她的歌声不登大雅Familiarmatteroftoday      只是唱今日平凡的悲欢Somenaturalsorrow,loss,orpain,   只是唱自然的哀伤苦痛Thathasbeen,andmaybeagain   昨天经受过明天又将重逢?musicsadthepoetcan’tunderstandhersong,sinceshesingsindialects(alanguageintheHighlands)littlelyricforsinginglongtimeagosuchasthenaturaldeathofherparentsStanza:Thepoetdoesn’tunderstandhersongbutknowsitisaboutsomethingsadWhate‘erthetheme,theMaidensang   姑娘唱什么,我猜不着,Asifhersongcouldhavenoending    她的歌如流水永无尽头Isawhersingingatherwork,      只见她一边唱一边干活,Ando‘erthesicklebending       弯腰挥镰操劳不休……Ilisten‘d,motionlessandstill     我凝神不动,听她歌唱And,asImountedupthehill,      然后,当我登上了山岗,ThemusicinmyheartIbore,       尽管歌声早已不能听到,Longafteritwasheardnomore     它却仍在我心头缭绕。《列子》:“余音绕梁三日不绝”bendingoverthesickleStanza:ThepoetwassomovedbyhersongthathecouldneverforgetitThesolitaryreaper’ssongleftanunforgetableimpressiononthepoet’smindShedweltamongtheuntroddenwaysShedweltamongtheuntroddenwaysItisathreestanza poemwrittenby WilliamWordsworth inwhenhewasyearsoldTheversewasfirstprintedin LyricalBallads,ThepoemisthebestknownofWordsworth'sseriesoffiveworkswhichcomprisehis"Lucy"series,andwasafavouriteamongstearlyreaders ShedweltamongtheuntroddenwaysBesidethespringsofDoveAMaidwhomtherewerenonetopraiseAndveryfewtolove:AvioletbyamossystoneHalfhiddenfromtheeye!Fairasastar,whenonlyoneIsshiningintheskyShelivedunknown,andfewcouldknowWhenLucyceasedtobeButsheisinhergrave,and,ohThedifferencetome!她住在人迹罕至的地方在“鸽泉”小溪旁一个默默无闻的少女无人爱也没人赞扬!苔藓石旁的一朵紫罗兰只见她半隐半露的脸庞她像天上的星星一样美丽在天空中闪耀光芒!露西她活着无人所知她死了也没人哀伤可是对于我可不一样啊!我住在坟墓里的姑娘!ariverintheEnglishMidlandsdiedTherepetitionoflongvowelsstressthesorrowfulfeelingofthespeakerShedweltamongtheuntroddenways"Shedwelt"describesLucywholivesinsolitudenearthesourceoftheRiverDoveInordertoconveythedignityandunaffectedflowerlikenaturalnessofhissubject,Wordsworthusessimplelanguage,mainlywordsofonesyllableIntheopeningquatrain,hedescribestheisolatedanduntouchedareawhereLucylived,whileherinnocenceisexploredinthesecond,duringwhichherbeautyiscomparedtothatofahiddenflowerThefinalstanzalamentsLucy'searlyandlonesomedeath,whichonlyhenoticesShedweltamongtheuntroddenwaysTextappreciation:IWanderedLonelyasaCloud(咏水仙)"IWanderedLonelyasaCloud" (alsocommonlyknownas "Daffodils")isa lyricpoem by WilliamWordsworthItwasinspiredbyaneventonApril,,inwhichWordsworthandhissister, Dorothy,cameacrossa"longbelt"ofdaffodilsWrittenatsometimebetweenand(inonWordsworth'sownaccount), itwasfirstpublishedin in PoemsinTwoVolumes,andarevisedversionwaspublishedin Textappreciation:IWanderedLonelyasaCloud(咏水仙)Ahandwrittenmanuscriptofthepoem()UllswaterfromGobarrowParkTheinspirationforthepoemcamefromawalkhetookwithhissisterDorothyaroundGlencoyneBay, Ullswater,intheLakeDistrict ItwasinspiredbyDorothy'sjournalentrydescribingthewalk:“WhenwewereinthewoodsbeyondGowbarrowparkwesawafewdaffodilsclosetothewaterside,wefanciedthatthelakehadfloatedtheseedashorethatthelittlecolonyhadsosprungupButaswewentalongthereweremoreyetmoreatlastundertheboughsofthetrees,wesawthattherewasalongbeltofthemalongtheshore,aboutthebreadthofacountryturnpikeroadIneversawdaffodilssobeautifultheygrewamongthemossystones…”DaffodilsbythelakeDaffodilsareplantsinthelilyfamilywithyellowflowersandacrownshapedlikeatrumpetTextappreciation:IWanderedLonelyasaCloud(咏水仙)Textappreciation:IWanderedLonelyasaCloud(咏水仙)“I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud” is a poem about nature With his pure and poetic language, Wordsworth brings us into a beautiful world where there are daffodils, trees and breeze We follow the poet at every turn of his feelings We share his melancholy when he “wandered lonely as a cloud” and his delight the moment his heart “with pleasure fills ” We come to realize the great power of nature that may influence our life deeply as revealed in the poem Textappreciation:IWanderedLonelyasaCloud(咏水仙)IwanderedlonelyasacloudThatfloatsonhigho'ervalesandhills,WhenallatonceIsawacrowd,Ahost,ofgoldendaffodilsBesidethelake,beneaththetrees,FlutteringanddancinginthebreezeTextappreciation:IWanderedLonelyasaCloud(咏水仙)我好似一朵孤独的流云高高的飘游在山谷之上。突然我看见一大片鲜花是金色的水仙遍地开放。他们开在湖畔,开在树下它们随风嬉戏,随风飘荡。Instanza,thepoetjustmentionsthatthedaffodilsare“dancinginthebreeze”Wordsworth,inthepoem,employsfigurativelanguagetoevokenotonlythevisualeffectbutalsotheemotionalresponseeginline,thepoetmakesacomparisonbetween“Iwanderedlonely”and“acloud”bytheuseofsimile,thusconveytoushislonelyandmelancholymoodwiththeimageof“cloud”Thefoursixlinestanzasofthispoemfollowaquatraincoupletrhymescheme:ababccEachlineismeterediniambictetrameterIwan|deredlone|lyas|acloudThatfloats|onhigh|o’ervales|andhillswalkaimlesslyinthesky,veryhighsuddenlyalargegroupagreatnumberoftossingtheheadandshakingthebodyinthegentlewindSummary:Wanderinglikeacloud,thespeakerhappensupondaffodilsflutteringinabreezeontheshoreofalake,beneathtreesLines:ThespeakerdescribeshowhewalkedaroundandfeltaslonelyasacloudHedoesn’tsay,"walkedaround,"butusesadescriptiveword"wandered""Wandered"meansroamingaroundwithoutapurposeButinitsmetaphoricaluse,"wandered"canmeanfeelingpurposelessanddirectionlessingeneralAsin,youhavequestionslike,"What’sthemeaningofmylife"Thefirstconceptthatwewanttotakealookatisthatthecloudis"lonely“ArecloudslonelyWell,maybetheonesthatfloataboutvalleys("vales")andhillsarelonelyIt'smorelikely,thespeakerisprojectinghisownlonelinessonthecloudsButthatstilldoesn’texplainthestrangeimage,becausecloudsusuallytravelingroupsMaybeacloudislonelybecauseitissofarabovetherestoftheworldItsthoughtsarejustso"lofty,"andmaybethespeaker’sthoughtsare,tooAlso,thecloudcouldbelonelybecauseitfloatsoveranaturallandscapewithnopeopleinitMaybethespeakerhasthoughtofhillsandvalleysbecausehehappenstobe"wandering"throughsuchalandscapeLine:Suddenly("allatonce"),thespeakerseesagroupofdaffodilflowersWetendtothinkofdaffodilsas"yellow,"butheusesthemoremajesticsounding"golden"Hecallsthema"crowd,"sotheymustbepackedtightlytogetherThenheelaborateson"crowd"byaddingthenoun"host"AhostisjustabiggroupYes,"host"and"crowd"meanprettymuchthesamethingA"crowd"isassociatedwithgroupsofpeople,while"host"isassociatedwithangels,becausepeopleoftenrefertoa"hostofangels"Coupledwiththedescriptionoftheirangelic"golden"color,weseemtobedealingwithsomeveryspecialdaffodilsLines:HeseesthedaffodilsbesidealakeandunderneathsometreesIt’sabreezyday,andtheflowers"flutter"and"dance"ontheirstemsMaybenowisagoodtimetostepoutsidethepoemforjustasecondtonotethatWordsworthlivedinapartofEnglandknownastheLakeDistrict,whichisfilledwithlotsofhills,valleysand,ofcourse,lakesWecanassumehe’swalkinginafairlyremoteandwildpartofthecountrysideNow,backtothepoem"Fluttering"suggestsflight,whichcouldbringusbacktotheangelsorevenbirdsorbutterflies"Dancing"issomethingthatusuallyonlyhumansdoThedaffodilsaregiventhequalitiesofhumansandalsoofsomekindofotherworldlycreatures,perhapsInthepoem“IWanderedLonelyasaCloud”,thepoetmakesgreatuseofthe“music”ofthelanguagetoachievesoundbeautyinadditiontoconveymeaningHeemploysmasculinerhymein“a,b,a,b,c,c”patterntoreceiveemphasisasamusicaleffect(eg“cloud”(a),“hills”(b),“crowd”(a

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