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首页 The Economist - 19 October-19 2013.pdf

The Economist - 19 October-19 2013.pdf

The Economist - 19 October-19 2…

上传者: johnshi 2013-10-23 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《The Economist - 19 October-19 2013pdf》,可适用于外语资料领域,主题内容包含Washington’slawyersurplusHowtodoanucleardealwithIranInvestmenttipsfromNobe符等。

Washington’slawyersurplusHowtodoanucleardealwithIranInvestmenttipsfromNobeleconomistsJunkbondsarebackThemeaningofSachinTendulkarOCTOBERTH–THEconomistcomTheworldthisweekLeadersProblemswithscienticresearchHowsciencegoeswrongAmericanpoliticsWorsethanEuropeAssetpricesAveryrationalawardNegotiatingwithIranThebestvthenottoobadVenezuelaThecrunchinCaracasLettersOnSpain,thecensus,Bulgaria,DavidCameron,roundabouts,energy,consultantsBriengUnreliableresearchTroubleatthelabUnitedStatesThedebtceilingLastminutemenInfrastructurefundingRoadslesstravelledAcrossthedivide()Iowa’spurpleheartAcrossthedivide()TheChristierecipeRapeinthearmedforcesBreakingthesilenceHurricaneSandyoneyearonStrongerthanthestormLexingtonLawyers,bewarelawyersTheAmericasCrimeinMexicoOutofsight,notoutofmindHaiti’sarmyWhoneedsitAcrackdowninVenezuelaNewsthat’sttoprintCanada’sFirstNationsTheseareourschoolsAsiaPoliticsinMyanmarPreparingforsuccessPressfreedominJapanSecrecyandliesDronesoverPakistanSurprisinglypopularVietnamesereformsBlowinginthetradewindsAustralia’soppositionShortengoeslongBanyanThemeaningofSachinChinaRelationswithAsiaBeingthereOnlinenationalismRunningdogeatdogTelevisionViolentcartoonsMiddleEastandAfricaIran’snuclearplansAchinkofhopeanditscarpettradeAmagiccomebackEgypt’sstateapparatusBacktothebadoldwaysSyria’swarReporters’nightmareCivilstrifeinYemenAcityonedgeKenyaandtheinternationalcourtInatanglePoliticsinSouthAfricaWilltheyoungvoteEuropeFrançoisHollandeAdeantoptimistIrelandEighthausteritybudgetItalyHownottorescueanairlineThechurchinGermanyBishopofblingRiotsinRussiaDangerousgameRussianprisonsSlavelabourandcriminalculturesCharlemagneTheEU’sbigrailprojectDailyanalysisandopinionfromourblogs,plusaudioandvideocontent,debatesandadailychartEconomistcomblogsEmail:newslettersandmobileeditionEconomistcomemailPrintedition:availableonlinebypmLondontimeeachThursdayEconomistcomprintAudioedition:availableonlinetodownloadeachFridayEconomistcomaudioeditionTheEconomistonlineVolumeNumberPublishedsinceSeptembertotakepartin"aseverecontestbetweenintelligence,whichpressesforward,andanunworthy,timidignoranceobstructingourprogress"EditorialocesinLondonandalso:Atlanta,Beijing,Berlin,Brussels,Cairo,Chicago,HongKong,Johannesburg,LosAngeles,MexicoCity,Moscow,NewDelhi,NewYork,Paris,SanFrancisco,SãoPaulo,Singapore,Tokyo,WashingtonDCContentscontinuesoverleafContentsOnthecoverScienticresearchhaschangedtheworldNowitneedstochangeitself:leader,pageScientistsliketothinkofscienceasselfcorrectingToanalarmingdegree,itisnot,pagesTalkingtoIranAdealthatallowsIrantoenrichuraniumwithstrictlimitswouldbebetterthannodealatall:leader,pageIransoundsseriousaboutwantinganucleardeal,butgettingonewillbehard,pageAmerica’slawyersurplusThedangersoftakingalegalisticapproachtoAmerica’sbudgetwars:Lexington,pageSachinTendulkarTheimpendingretirementofIndia’scricketinggeniusdemandsnationalintrospection:Banyan,pageTheEconomistOctoberthContentsTheEconomistOctoberthTheEconomistNewspaperLimitedAllrightsreservedNeitherthispublicationnoranypartofitmaybereproduced,storedinaretrievalsystem,ortransmittedinanyformorbyanymeans,electronic,mechanical,photocopying,recordingorotherwise,withoutthepriorpermissionofTheEconomistNewspaperLimitedTheEconomist(ISSN)ispublishedeveryweek,exceptforayearenddoubleissue,byTheEconomistNewspaperLimited,rdAvenue,thFloor,NewYork,NYTheEconomistisaregisteredtrademarkofTheEconomistNewspaperLimitedPeriodicalspostagepaidatNewYork,NYandadditionalmailingocesPostmaster:SendaddresschangestoTheEconomist,POBox,StLouis,MO,USACanadaPostpublicationsmail(Canadiandistribution)salesagreementnoReturnundeliverableCanadianaddressestoTheEconomist,POBoxSTNA,Toronto,ONMWXGSTRPrintedbyRRDonnelley,Strasburg,VAPEFCcertiedThiscopyofTheEconomistisprintedonpapersourcedfromsustainablymanagedforestscertiedbyPEFCwwwpefcorgPEFCSubscriptionserviceForourlatestsubscriptionoffers,visitEconomistcomoffersForsubscriptionservice,pleasecontactbytelephone,fax,webormailatthedetailsprovidedbelow:Subscriptionforyear(issues)UnitedStatesUS$CanadaCN$LatinAmericaUS$Telephone:(fromoutsidetheUSandCanada,)Facsimile:(fromoutsidetheUSandCanada,)Web:EconomistsubscomEmail:customerhelpeconomistcomPost:TheEconomistSubscriptionServices,POBox,StLouis,MO,USABritainLondontransportUnderground,overgroundChinesebanksOpenforbusinessBagehotThenewIslamophobesInternationalElectricityEdison’srevengeSolvingglobalproblemsGreymattersSlaveryDrybonesBusinessEurope’sregionalairportsRunwayoranotherRyanair’sfutureOhreally,O’LearyGermanpropertyrmsSafeashousesSoftdrinksinMexicoFizzingwithrageBusinesseducationforlawyersCommerciallawTechnologyandluxurygoodsAhrendtstoAppleTaxisandtechnologyTaptohailSchumpeterWhyIndianbusinesslovesNarendraModiFinanceandeconomicsHighyieldbondsAnappetiteforjunkWorldBankreformZenandtheartofpovertyreductionButtonwoodTryingtoescaperiskBrazil’sdevelopmentbanksAripplebegetsaoodBanksandtaxevasionHervéliftingMortgagelendingHomesicknessTheHongKongdollarBuynowatpricesFreeexchangeTheNobellaureatesScienceandtechnologyParticleacceleratorsSmallreallyisbeautifulMarineecologyRobochopAIDSBurstingHIV’sbubbleHumanevolutionUnityordiversityBooksandartsDamienHirstinDohaTheywillcomeLeeHarveyOswaldTheRussiayearsRufusNorrisIntothespotlightGeorgianLondonTruegritPhilipRothandJonathanFranzenUnconventionalliterarybiographiesLifeinAntarcticaMindnumbingMalcolmGladwellCannedhamEconomicandnancialindicatorsStatisticsoneconomies,plusacloserlookatcommodityindicesObituaryNormanJohnGilliesThevoiceofStKildaPrincipalcommercialoces:StJames’sStreet,LondonswahgTel:Ruedel’AthénéeGeneva,SwitzerlandTel:rdAvenue,thFloor,NewYork,NYTel:FCentralPlazaHarbourRoad,Wanchai,HongKongTel:Othercommercialoces:Chicago,Dubai,Frankfurt,LosAngeles,Paris,SanFranciscoandSingaporeEdison’srevengeThehumbleUSBcableispartofanelectricalrevolutionItwillmakepowersuppliesgreenerandcheaper,pageNobelsandassetpricesInvestorscanprotfromtheinsightsofthisyear’sNobelprizewinnersineconomics:leader,pageThewinnersandtheirwork:Freeexchange,pageNextweekWepublishaspecialreportontheKoreasThethparallel,separatingnorthandsouth,isKorea’smostimportantdividinglineButitisonlyoneofmany,saysSimonCoxJunkbondsCompanieshavetakenadvantageofinvestors’willingnesstobuyspeculativebonds,pageInvestingwithoutrisk:Buttonwood,pageTheworldthisweekTheEconomistOctoberthAdealwasreachedtoendthedayshutdownoftheAmericangovernmentandtoincreasethedebtceiling,justhoursaheadofadeadlineafterwhichtheTreasurysaiditwouldhavetroublepayingthegovernment’sbillsRepublicanswonvirtuallynoconcessionsfromDemocratsintheirdemandstodefundObamacareFitchputAmericaonnegativecreditwatchAmericansweredeeplydissatisedofvoterswouldliketoseethecurrentlotofcongressmenthrownoutofoceatnextyear’selectionsAmerica’sSupremeCourtsaiditwouldreviewacasethatwilldecidewhethertheEnvironmentalProtectionAgencyhastheauthoritytoregulatecarbonemissionsfrompowerplantsIntheCourtruledthattheEPAhastherighttoregulateharmfulemissionsfromcarsCoryBooker,themayorofNewarkandarisingstarintheDemocraticParty,wonaspecialelectioninNewJerseyforavacantseatintheSenateStillsmartingBrazil’spresident,DilmaRousse,announcedplanstocreateasecureemailserviceandtohostaninternationalsummitoninternetsecuritynextyearLastmonthMsRoussecancelledastatevisittoWashingtoninresponsetorevelationsthatAmerica’sNationalSecurityAgencyspiedonheremailsandonthestateoilcompanyCristinaFernández,Argentina’spresident,wasdischargedfromhospitalaftersurgerytodrainbloodfromherheadSheremainsunderdoctors’orderstorestVenezuela’snavyreleasedanoilexplorationshipoperatedbyAnadarko,anAmericancompany,whichithadseizedinGuyanesewatersVenezuelahasalongstandingclaimtoGuyana’sEssequiboterritoryInaspeechtoCanada’sParliamentsettingoutitslegislativeprogramme,StephenHarper’sConservativegovernmentpromisedtobalancethebudgetwithintwoyearsMrHarperwasalsoabouttonaliseafreetradeagreementwiththeEuropeanUnionSmokeandmirrorsTheItaliangovernmentapproveditsbudgetItincludestaxandspendingcutsaimedatboostingthescleroticeconomywhilekeepingthebudgetdecitbelowtheceilingofofGDP,asrequiredbytheEUEnricoLetta’sleftrightcoalitiongovernmentsignedoonthemainbitofthebudgetjustafewhoursbeforeadeadlineimposedbyEUlawthecabinetmetafterwardstoironoutthedetailsAnappealcourtinRussiaupheldtheconvictionofapopularoppositionleader,AlexeiNavalny,forembezzlement,butsuspendedhisjailsentenceAlthoughMrNavalnywasallowedtowalkfree,hisconvictionwillprobablypreventhimfromrunninginthepresidentialelectioninHevowedtostayinpoliticsandtoappealagainsttheverdictRussia’sforeignministryexpressedregretafteraDutchdiplomatwasbeatenupinhisatinMoscowTheDutchforeignministrysummonedRussia’sambassadoramidrisingtensionbetweenthetwocountriesrelatedtotheearlierarrestofaRussiandiplomatintheNetherlands,andRussia’sdetentionofthecrewofaDutchaggedGreenpeaceshipMarineLePen’sfarrightNationalFrontbaggedasymboliclocalbyelectionvictoryinsouthernFranceMeanwhile,theSocialists’primaryelectionfornextyear’smayoralraceinMarseillewaswonbyasenatorstylingherselfasthequeenofthesuburbsVotersrejectedagovernmentministerwhohadcontestedtheprimaryTwoweeksafterhundredsofAfricanmigrantsdiedwhentheirboatsankothecoastoftheItalianislandofLampedusa,anotherwererescuedbetweenSicilyandLibyaThreedaysbeforethatanothermigrantboatcapsizednearItaly,killingatleastMorethan,migrantshavelandedonItalianshoressofarthisyearAtleastthey’retalkingAfterasixmonthhiatus,talksresumedbetweenIranandthevepermanentmembersoftheUNSecurityCouncilplusGermany,knownastheP,overtheIslamicRepublic’sdisputednuclearplansAtameetinginGeneva,theIranianspresentedatimelineunderwhichIranwouldagreetolimititsnuclearprogrammeinreturnforrecognitionofitsrighttocontinueenrichinguraniumandrelieffromtheeconomicsanctionshurtingitseconomyThepartiesagreedtomeetagaininthreeweeksTheAfricanUnionpassedaresolutiondemandingthattheInternationalCriminalCourtinTheHaguegrantimmunitytoAfricanleaderswhiletheyarestillinoce,castinguncertaintyoverthetrialduetostartnextmonthofUhuruKenyatta,Kenya’spresidentHehasbeenchargedwithcrimesagainsthumanityWilliamRuto,hisdeputy,whosetrialbeganlastmonth,iscooperatingwiththecourtbuthasaskedthathebeallowedsporadicabsencesCharlesTaylor,aformerpresidentofLiberia,arrivedinBritaintoservetheremainderofayearprisonsentenceforwarcrimes,afterhisrequesttoservehisjailtimeinRwandawasrejectedMrTaylorwasconvictedlastyearbyaUNbackedspecialcourtinTheHagueforcrimescommittedinSierraLeoneduringitscivilwarinthesCitizenangerDemonstratorsclashedwithpoliceintheeasternChinesecityofYuyaooverthelocalgovernment’soodreliefeortsThousandsofpeoplewereprotestingthattoolittlehadbeendonetohelpresidentsinthewakeofTyphoonFitowAustralia’snewprimeminister,TonyAbbott,publisheddraftlegislationtorepealthecountry’scarbontaxMrAbbottsaysthetaxhasforcedupenergypricesandcausedjoblosses,andintendstoreplacethetaxbypayingfarmersandindustrytoreduceemissionsThegovernorofLogarprovinceineasternAfghanistanwaskilledbyabombblastatamosqueThebombwasapparentlyhiddeninamicrophoneLogar,justsouthofthecapital,Kabul,isincreasinglycomingunderTalibancontrolReliefeortscontinuedontheislandofBoholinthecentralPhilippines,afteranearthquakeofmagnitudestrucktheregionMorethanpeoplediedinthequake,someofthemontheneighbouringislandofCebuPoliticsTheEconomistOctoberthTheworldthisweekOthereconomicdataandnewscanbefoundonpagesAmerica’sbigbanksreportedearningsforthethirdquarterBankofAmerica,CitigroupandWellsFargopostedsolidprots,thoughthemortgageloanbusinessesinallthreesueredIncontrast,JPMorganChasedeclareda$mnetloss,itsrstunderJamieDimonaschiefexecutive,asitsetaside$billionforpotentialsettlementcostsinaslewoflegalcasesbroughtbyAmericanregulatorsAlighttouchOnatriptoChinaGeorgeOsborne,Britain’schancelloroftheexchequer,outlinedproposalstosmooththewayforChinesestateownedbankstooperateinLondon,suchasclassifyingthemasbranchesratherthansubsidiaries,therebyavoidingrigorousscrutinyInternationaltradingintheyuanhastripledoverthepastthreeyearsto$billionaday,withLondonemergingastheglobalhubBlackRock’snetincomeinthethirdquarterrosebyto$mInSeptemberassetsundermanagementatthegiantinvestmentcompanypassed$trillionforthersttimeItemergedthatSirHectorSantsistakingthreemonthsoasheadofglobalcomplianceatBarclaysbecauseofstressSirHectorusedtoheadBritain’snancialregulatoryauthorityHewasparachutedintoBarclayswiththeresponsibilityofmakingsurethebank’sstafollowtheletterofthelawinthedozensofcountriesinwhichitoperatesAmericanauthoritiesareinvestigatingitscapitalraisingactivitiesintheMiddleEastInaregulatorylingTwitterdisclosedthatitwilllistsharesinitseagerlyawaitedIPOontheNewYorkStockExchange,aslapinthefaceforNASDAQafterthetechnicalmishapsthatbesetFacebook’sotationlastyearTwitteralsorevealedthatitsrevenueinthethirdquarterhaddoubledto$mfromthesameperiodayearearlier,butthatitsnetlosshadtripled,to$mCarlosSlim’sAméricaMóvilgaveupitsbidforKPN,aDutchtelecomscompany,afterthefoundationthatlooksoutfortheinterestsofKPNinvestorsandDutchsocietymoregenerallyexerciseditsrighttobuyofthesharesAppleappointedAngelaAhrendtsasheadofitsretailoperationsShehasbeenthechiefexecutiveofBurberryforsevenyearsandiscreditedwithrevivingtheBritishfashionhousewithdesignsthateschewitsubiquitousplaidApple’sretailstrategycouldalsodowithabitofamakeoversalesatitsstoresweredownearlierthisyearforthersttimesinceTheDoubleIrishMeanwhile,theIrishgovernmentclosedataxloopholethathadallowedAppletoregisterstatelesssubsidiariesinthecountry,throughwhichitwasabletoshield$billionfromtheAmericantaxmanButAppleandotherscanstillsetupbusinessinIrelandandlistalowtaxjurisdiction,suchasBermuda,astheirhomecountryandparkincomeinthelowertaxregimeInthebiggestdealyetinmobilegaming,Japan’sSoftbankacquiredastakeinSupercell,whichisbasedinFinland,for$billionSupercellhashadsuccesswithtwobestsellinggamesthatarefreetodownloadonsmartphonesandtablets,andthenenticeusersintopayingafeeiftheywanttoquickenthepaceofplayBluegreensBigindustryscoredtwowinswhentheEuropeanUnionmovedtowaterdownpoliciesoncurbingemissionsfromcarsandplanesTheEUagreedtoreviewaGermanproposalformoreexibilityinreducingemissionsfromnewvehicles(GermancarmakersproducemodelswithlowerfueleciencythanFrenchandItalianones)AnditpresentedamendmentsthatwillcurbemissionsonjetsonlywhentheyenterEUairspace,afterairlinesobjectedtoemissioncurbsontotalyingtimesTheItaliangovernment’sproposedbailoutofAlitaliadrewcriticismItaly’snationalairlinehasnotmadeaprotinadecadeandlostm($m)adayintherstsixmonthsoftheyear,butthegovernmenthasproposedasharerestructuringthatisbackedpartlybythestateownedpostoce,PosteItalianeInternationalAirlineGroup,whichownsBritishAirways,fumedthattheplanwasprotectionistRoyalMail’ssharepricesoaredafteritwasoatedonthestockmarketinthebiggestprivatisationinBritainsinceaselloboominthesandearlysThereweresomedierenceswiththattimeAround,peopleappliedforshares,farfewerthanthemwhosoughtsharesinBritishGasinAndinvestorstradedtheirsharesontheinternet,despitetheinevitablecrashesonoverloadedwebsitesOneaspectstruckafamiliarringDespitebeinggivenofthesharesinRoyalMail,postalworkersvotedtostrikeinNovemberBusinessBritishprivatisationsSource:ThomsonReuters*SelectedsharesFirstdaytrading*increaseinsharepriceRoyalMail()RollsRoyce()BT()BritishGas()BritishSteel()LeadersASIMPLEideaunderpinsscience:trust,butverifyResultsshouldalwaysbesubjecttochallengefromexperimentThatsimplebutpowerfulideahasgeneratedavastbodyofknowledgeSinceitsbirthinthethcentury,modernsciencehaschangedtheworldbeyondrecognition,andoverwhelminglyforthebetterButsuccesscanbreedcomplacencyModernscientistsaredoingtoomuchtrustingandnotenoughverifyingtothedetrimentofthewholeofscience,andofhumanityToomanyofthendingsthatlltheacademicetheraretheresultofshoddyexperimentsorpooranalysis(seepages)Aruleofthumbamongbiotechnologyventurecapitalistsisthathalfofpublishedresearchcannot

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