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首页 Unit4-A_fan\'s_note.ppt

Unit4-A_fan\'s_note.ppt

Unit4-A_fan\'s_note.ppt

上传者: lazm980 2013-10-23 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《Unit4-A_fan\'s_noteppt》,可适用于高等教育领域,主题内容包含AFan’sNotesAFan’sNotesUnitOutlineWarmupGlobalreadingDetailedreadingPractic符等。

AFan’sNotesAFan’sNotesUnitOutlineWarmupGlobalreadingDetailedreadingPracticeWecanusetocall“残疾人”politelyAngelwithoutwing这让我想起一个次做陪同翻译的经历那个老外从宾馆推着自己的太太出来看到她坐在轮椅上。老外这样介绍他的太太“Sophie,thisismyangel,butwithoutwings。”一下子让我感受到了他对太太无比的爱因为天使没有翅膀绝对不影响她的任何美。Howmanykindsofdisabilitiesdoyouknowinourdailylifeblindlamedeafmuteparalytic|pærə'lɪtɪkarmlessleglesshandlessPhysicallyhandicappedPhysicallychallengedMentallyhandicappedMentallychallenged“Lifeislikeaboxofchocolatesyouneverknowwhatyou'regonnaget”Relatedexpressions残疾人专用电梯残疾人卫生间残疾人专用通道残障设施(无障碍设施)老弱病残孕专座Relatedexpressions英文标注错误"残疾人专用电梯"成"残废电梯”DisabledelevatorElevatorforthedisabledWheelchairAccessible(残疾人卫生间,残疾人专用通道)残障设施(无障碍设施)barrierfreefacilitiesobstaclefreefacilities老弱病残孕专座seatsfortheold,the weak,thesick,the crippled,thepregnantcourtesyseat(爱心座)Timeforyoutoconsider:CanyounamesomehandicappedpersonswhoareverysuccessfulSaysthaboutthemZhangHaidi:paralytic,writer,translatorStevenHawkingEnglandamyotrophic(肌萎缩性侧索硬化症)speechimpaired,canonlymoveoneofhisfingersphysicistmathematician,researchintothebeginningofspace,matterandtime(Blackholestheory)HelenKellerUnitedKingdomblind,deafanddumbeducatorandwriterlearntoreadBraille(盲文),tospeakandwritefinishedthestudiesinRadcliffCollege“ThreedaysToSee”ComposedBeethoven()DeafWhatcanwelearnfromthehandicappedThey’rebrokeninbodybutfirminspirit(身残志坚)Sarah,theheroineinthestoryisanothergoodexampleofgreathandicappedpersonGlobalanalysisReadthepassagequicklyandanswerthefollowingquestionsGlobalanalysisAboutBillSarahWhatdoesBilldoIshecynicalorpositiveHowoldisSarah?HowisherhealthconditionWhatisherdreamWhatdoesshedoMainideaofthestoryHowdidtherelationshipbetweentheauthorandSarahstartandgoonAboutBillSarahBillWhatdoesBilldoAbaseballeditorialistIshecynicalorpositiveOncecynical,nowpositiveHowoldisshe?yearsoldHowisherhealthconditionWhatkindofdisabilityhasshesufferedfromShehasaphysicalhandicapcerebralpalsyWhatisherdreamWhatdoesshedoHerdreamistobecomeabaseballeditorialistSherunsanwebsiteabouttheDodgers,writingreportsandcommentsforDodgersSarahMainideaAmostunusualrelationshipbetweenBillandSarahTheauthorgivesusadetaileddescriptionofhisemailcontactwithSarahEverytimehegotanemailfromSarah,hehadsomenewknowledgeaboutherTheauthoroncereceivedanemailfromagirlnamedSarah,whocriticizedhiscommentsontheDodgersImpressedbythegirl’sknowledgeabouttheteam,theauthorwrotebackandthusstartedanunusualrelationshipbetweenthemQuestionHowdidtherelationshipbetweentheauthorandSarahstartandgoonTherelationshipbetweentheauthorandSarahgoesthroughstepsSheknewalotaboutDodgersaswellashedidHewasimpressedEverytimeIsmileatsb,theyaskmeforajobbutmaybeshewastrulysearchingforsthcynical,biasedHefoundherwebsiteItwasn’tfancy,butshecoveredtheteamwithseriousnessHewondered:isanybodyreadingThe“deam”wasmissingalotmorethananr,hethoughtHedidsthhe’veneverbeforedonewithanInternetstrangerandheaskedhertocallhimThiswasobviouslyanelaboratehoaxIncredulousKindoftrustfulHewantedtodriveovertoseeherShockedbySarahandthoughtSarahwasgreatDeeplymovedandwasbroughtbackfromacynicismtoapositiveattitudePartdivisionDetailedreadingTheauthor’sfirstimpressionofSarah(Paras)StepDirections:ScanParasandanswerquestionsHowdidtheauthorcometoknowSarahInwhatwaywashercriticismdifferentfromothersThenotewasdifferentfromothersintwoways:Itcontainedmoredetailsthantheusual“You’reanidiot”HercriticismwasbasedonstatisticsThenotewassignedTheauthorcametoknowSarahbyreceivingheremailabouthercriticismoftheauthor’scommentsontheLosAngelesDodgersinonerespectinsomerespects在某一(些)方面inrespectofsth关于某事物就某方面而言Takesbtotaskforsth:criticizesbseverelyforsth为某事狠狠批评某人它痛斥我对洛杉矶道奇队的评论并争辩说我把一切全都搞错了ItwaswrittenbysomeonewhoknewtheLosAngelesDodgersaswellas(Ithought)Idid写这篇评论的人对洛杉矶道奇队的了解绝不亚于我自认为对它的了解。LittledidIknowthatthiswouldbethestartofamostunusualrelationship(Line)Itisaninvertedsentencewiththenegativeword“little”atthebeginning一点也没有想到这一封信引出了一段非同寻常的来往。StepThesecondemailDirections:ScanParasandanswerquestionsWhatpromptedtheauthortogivearesponsetoSarah’ssecondmailWhatinSarah’ssecondemailcaughttheauthor’sattentionWhydidtheauthorsayitcamejustasexpectedwhenhereceivedSarah’ssecondemailWhatinSarah’ssecondemailcaughttheauthor’sattentionkeys:TherewasamistakeinSarah’sspellingWhydidtheauthorsayitcamejustasexpectedwhenhereceivedSarah’ssecondemail“EverytimeIsmileatsomeone,theyaskmeforajob”(Para)Everytimeheshowedsomegoodwilltosomeone,theywouldaskhimforhelpTheauthorwasabitsuspicious(cynical)WhatpromptedtheauthortogivearesponsetoSarah’ssecondmail“Butmaybeshewastrulysearchingforsomething,yetwasonlyonestepfromfindingit”(Para)Maybeshewasreallylookingforsomething,yetwasonlyonestepfromrealizingherdreamTheauthorthoughtmaybealittlehelpfromhimwouldmakeherdreamcometrueDeepintheauthor’shearthehadsomesympathyforthoseinneedofhelp,yetwasonlyoneletterfromfindingitWhatis“it”referredto“It”refersto“Sarah’sdream”Paraphrasethesentence…yetwasonlyonestepfromrealizingherdreamDifficultsentencesStepThethirdemailDirections:ScanParasandanswerquestionsDuringtheseasonIaveragedhoursaweekwritinggamereports,editorials,researchingandlisteningandorwatchinggames(Para)谓语为average译为“平均花。。。做某事”。在棒球赛季我每个星期平均花个小时写球赛报道写评论做研究听比赛或者看比赛我每天平均花两小时读英语。IaveragehoursreadingEnglisheverydayStepThefourthemailDirections:ScanParasandanswerquestionsSoherewasaphysicallyhandicappedwoman,coveringtheDodgersasextensivelyasanyreporterinthecountry,yetwritingforanobscurewebsitewithanimpossibleaddress,withareadershipofabouttwoAnalyzethestructureofthesentence“Soherewasaphysicallyhandicappedwoman”isaninvertedstructure,thenaturalorderis“Aphysicallyhandicappedwomanwashere”Both“covering…”and“writing…”arepresentparticiplephrasesusedtomodify“woman”所以这里是一个身体残疾的妇女她对道奇队的报道之广泛不亚于美国任何一个记者可她却在为一个几乎不为人知的网站写作网站的名字很怪很难记读者大概有两个人。DifficultsentencesThat“deam”wasmissingalotmorethananr,Ithought(Para)“Deam”maybeonlyamisspellingof“dream”,soitisquiteeasytoadd“r”tomake“dream”Butintherealworld,tofulfillherdream,SarahhadtodosomuchtoachievewhatshelongedforallthetimeHavededicationtonvingDedicateone’slifetoBededicatedtodoingStepTheauthorgotcuriousashelearnedmoreofSarah’slifestory(Paras)Directions:ScanParasandanswerquestionsWhatdidtheauthordecidetodoafterhelearnedofSarah’slifestoryWhathappenedafterhedecidedtoendhiscorrespondencewithSarahWhatkindofapersondidtheauthorassumeSarahwaswhenshetoldhimshecouldnotmakeaphonecallWhydidhemakesuchanassumptionWhenSarahtoldtheauthorthatshecouldn’tmakeaphonecall,hethoughtSarahwasanimposter(crook)ashedidnotbelievepeopleweresincereorhonestTheauthor’sattitudetowardSarahHethoughtitwasanelaboratehoaxanddecidedtoendthecorrespondence(Paras)However,whenhedecidedtoendhiscorrespondencewithSarah,SoafterhelearnedofSarah’slifestory,hehereceivedanotheremailfromSarah,tellinghimthatherdisabilitywascerebralpalsy,andhowshebecameabaseballfan,howshewantedtodosomethingforthesportthathaddonesomuchforheraskedherfordirectionstodriveovertoseeherTheauthor’sattitudetowardSarahHesortofbelievedherbutstillwonderedhowshecouldcoverabaseballteamwithoutthebestequipmentandhelp(Para)strain:(Line))vtinjureamuscleorpartofyourbodybymakingitworktoohard扭伤损伤Youwillstrainyoureyesbyreadinginsuchpoorlightnaninjurycausedbytoomucheffortorbystretching扭伤用力过度而受伤Hehadastraininhisankleandinhisshoulder他的足踝和肩部扭伤了。LanguagePoints)vtvitryveryhardtodosthusingallyourphysicalormentalstrength竭力、用全力做某事~(oneself)todosthforsth~one’searseyes:tryveryhardtohearorsee~everynerve(todosth):tryashardasonecannanysevere,tryingeffortonthebodyormind辛苦劳神beundersevere~Whenyoudoreading,whatshouldyoudotopreventeyestrain阅读时你该怎样避免眼睛过分疲劳?supposed:aonlybeforenclaimedbyotherpeopletobetrueorreal,althoughyoudon’tthinktheyareright信以为真的可能的Hissupposedillnesswasmerelaziness听说(人们以为)他病了,其实只是在偷懒。Thesupposedprinceturnedouttobeabeggarindisguise那个被信为王子的人,原来是乞丐乔装的。dot(Line)vt)marksthwithadot以小圆点标出某物Dottedlinesaremadeofarowofdots由点组成的线虚线。)esppassiveplace(thingsorpeople)hereandtherescatter(将人或物)分布各处分散bedottedwith:星罗密布的遍布星星点点之物的Themapisdottedwiththenamesofstreets地图上星星点点布满了街道的名称。spot:(Line)vivtusupassive(causesthto)becomemarkedwithaspotorspots有斑点或污点~sthwithsthTheinkhasspottedmycleanshirtspotted:amarkedorcoveredwithpots有斑点的有污点的aspotteddog)vtseesborsth注意发现察觉Ispottedmymotherinthecrowd我很快就知道该怎么办了。IsoonspottedwhattodoStepTheauthorcametoknowtherealSarah,agreatperson,disabledinbodybutfirminspirit(Paras)Directions:ScanParasandanswerquestionsWherewasSarah’shomeWhatdidSarah’shomelooklikeWhatimpressiondidtheauthorhaveofSarah’smotherWhatdidSarahlooklikeinaremoteplaceinTexasthatlookedlikeadecayingshantysurroundedbytallgrassjunkSarah’shomewasSarah’smotherwasAndSarahahardworkingwomenwithstrengthathinfigure,curledupinawheelchair(aweakbody),butwithaclearandcertainsmile(awonderfulmind)Theauthor’sattitudetowardSarahThegreatSarahMorris(Para)decay:(Line)vivt(使)变坏衰退腐烂词根:cad下落死亡tofall,todie)beslowlydestroyedbyanaturalchemicalprocess,ortomakesthdothisHerbodywasalreadystartingtodecaySugardecaysyourteethLanguagePointsdecayedteeth蛀牙Hundredsofhistoricbuildingsaredecaying)ifbuildings,structures,orareasdecay,theirconditiongraduallybecomesworse)iftraditionalbeliefs,standards,etcdecay,peopledonotbelieveinthemorsupportthemanymoreadecayingculture,society衰退的文化、社会Thehouseisindecay这房子已腐朽。prematuredecay早衰toothdecay牙齿坏掉nationaldecay国家衰败fallintodecay衰落nthenaturalchemicalchangethatcausestheslowdestructionofsthgrab:(Line))vttakesthquicklyandroughly强取攫夺seize,catch~sth(fromsb)~holdof~achanceopportunitynmakeagrabforatsthTherobbermadeagrabatthelady’spurseButthatsmile!(Para)Buthowradiant,howdazzlingthatsmileis!AlthoughSarahwasahandicappedwomanthatshehadtoworkthreetimesashardasotherpeopletorealizeherdream,theauthorcouldseenodespairorpessimismonherfaceDifficultsentencesStepTransformedtheauthor,bringinghimbackfromcynicismtoapositiveattitude(Paras)IhadcontactedSarahMorrismonthsearlierlookingforafightIrealizednow,watchingherstraininthisdarkroomtotypewordsthatperhapsnoothersoulwillread,thatIhadfoundthatfight(Para)Here“fight”doesnotmeantherealfightbetweentwopeopleItimpliesthedifferentsituationfromwhichSarahclaimedherselfwasinDifficultsentencesWeknowthattheauthorwasacynicalpersonAlthoughhehadlearnedsomethingaboutSarahbeforeseeingher,hestillsuspectedhertobealiarHecontactedSarahjustoutofcuriosity,ashewantedtoprovethatSarahwasarealcrankandliarandthathimselfwasrightagainSohewenttoherhomewithadeterminedmindtounmaskSarahOnly,itwasn’twithSarahItwaswithmyselfItisthesamefightthesportsworldexperiencesdailyinthesetimesofcynicismThefighttotrustthatathletescanstillbeheroes(Para)Buttothecontrary,seeinghowhardSarahwasworkingforherdream,hewasashamedofhiscynicismandsuspicionSarahturnedouttobesuchanhonest,diligent,andoptimisticwomanSoherealizedthatthefightwasnotbetweenSarahandhimself,butwithhimselfHeshouldnothavesuspectedSarahwhentheygotcontactedHehadtofightagainsthisowncynicism,andlearntotrustpeopleagainThesportsworldwasexperiencingthesamesituation–fightagainstdistrustAlthoughsomeathletestakedrugsinordertowinthecompetition,themajoritywinthegamewiththeirrealstrengthratherthancheatWeshouldnottreatthemindiscriminatinglyInaplacefarfromsuchdoubt,withamindfilledwithwonder,SarahMorrishadbroughtmeback(Para)Theauthormayhaveexperiencedcheatanddishonestyinlife,butonseeingthatSarahwasworkingunderincrediblestrainyetnevergaveuppassionforlife,hewassomovedthatheresumedhispositiveattitudetowardlife–BelievepeopleandlovelifeInthebeginning,theauthoransweredSarah’sletterinordertoButthefightturnedouttobelookforafightandprovehimselfrightafightwithhimself,afighttogetridofcynicismandtotrustthatathletescanstillbeheroesTheauthor’sattitudetowardSarahHewasdeeplymovedSummarizethestoryinasinglesentenceThestoryofaseverelyhandicappedgirlSarahMorris–howshestruggledtobecomeabaseballeditorialistandinthecoursebroughtafamoussportswriterbackfromcynicismUsefulexpressions(为某事)痛斥sbtakesbtotaskforsth被深深打动beimpressed一段非同寻常的来往amostunusualrelationship引起某人注意catchone’seye身体残疾physicalhandicap大专文凭associate’sdegree在来宾登记簿上签名signtheguestbook希望inhopesof对……非常专注havededicationto…一个精心策划的骗局anelaboratehoax令脖子酸痛的家庭作业neckstraininghomework正在朽烂的小棚屋adecayingshanty蜷缩curlup调出网站上的一篇报道callupastoryonthewebsiteItisdifficultnotto(被感动)bythetaleofSarahMorrisWhileher(身体状况体质)madeitdifficultto(用语言表达),fromherwritingitwouldbeimpossibletospotthatshe(遭受严重的残疾)Writingslowlywiththehelpofapointer(绑到头上),her(最高写作速度)isnomorethan(每分钟八个字)Yetshestill(设法)writeextensivelyontheteamshegrewupfollowing(令脖子酸痛)inthegloomofherroom,(被……围绕着)hercomputerandaTVset,shehasmanagedtoriseabovehersituationagainstalltheoddsItisdifficultnotto(被感动)bythetaleofSarahMorrisWhileher(身体状况)madeitdifficultto(用语言表达),fromherwritingitwouldbeimpossibletospotthatshe(遭受严重的残疾)Writingslowlywiththehelpofapointer(绑到头上),her(最高写作速度)isnomorethan(每分钟八个字)Yetshestill(设法)writeextensivelyontheteamshegrewupfollowing(令脖子酸痛)inthegloomofherroom,(被……围绕着)hercomputerandaTVset,shehasmanagedtoriseabovehersituationagainstalltheoddsbeaffectedphysicalconditionsfastenedtoherheadmaximumwritingspeedinterpretherspeechseverehandicapStrainingherneckmanagestosurroundedbyKeystoexercisesKeystoexercises)junior)junk)winds)physical)handicap)Click)decayed)interpreted)leaning)limb)twisted)relationship)surrounded)atleast)inhopesof )covering)runs)affect)dottedwith)Elaborate)fancy)grabbed)maximum)per)spotted)strained)caughthereye)sortof)addto)curledup)bringback)calledup)growup)cameupwith)work  out)wassingledout)take   apart)statistician)politics)Venusian)Mars)magician)library)civil)technician)comedian)Christian)Russia)Asia)Australia)Confucius)electrician)music)vegetable)guard)taxpayers'money)playgoers)Youngsongwriters)babysitters)ousekeepers)sunbather)heelchair)driveway  )thatlittleprogresshasbeenmade)isdoingalittlebetterthisseason)alittleearlierthanscheduled)Littledidherealize)saidlittleaboutherworkexperience)littleimaginedthen)slowdownalittle)havelittlecontactwiththeoutsideworld)Nigel'snovelwasnotaswellreceivedashehadhoped)Heranashardashecouldinhopesofbreakinghisrecordforthefivemiles)Someofthepowerstationshavesignificantlyfailedtooperateasefficientlyaspeoplehaveexpected)Theagingbodydoesnotabsorbanddistributefoodasef

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