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首页 学习美语必备:掌握15000美语习语

学习美语必备:掌握15000美语习语.pdf

学习美语必备:掌握15000美语习语

铁钩子
2009-12-18 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《学习美语必备:掌握15000美语习语pdf》,可适用于外语资料领域

云南外语网电子图书制作中心永久域名:wwwynenglishcom,wwwyncomThousandUsefulPhrasesbyGreenvilleKleiserProducedbyDonKostuch云南外语网电子图书制作中心永久域名:wwwynenglishcom,wwwyncomHOWTOBUILDMENTALPOWERAbookofthoroughtrainingforallthefacultiesofthemindOctacloth,$,netbymail,$HOWTOSPEAKINPUBLICApracticalselfinstructorforlawyers,clergymen,teachers,businessmen,andothersCloth,pages,$netbymail,$HOWTODEVELOPSELFCONFIDENCEINSPEECHANDMANNERAbookofpracticalinspiration:trainsmentoriseabovemediocrityandfearthoughttotheirgreatpossibilitiesCommendedtoambitiousmenClothpages,$netbymail,$HOWTODEVELOPPOWERANDPERSONALITYINSPEAKINGPracticalsuggestionsinEnglish,wordbuilding,imagination,memoryconversation,andextemporaneousspeakingCloth,pages,$netbymail,$HOWTOREADANDDECLAIMAcourseofinstructioninreadinganddeclamationwhichwilldevelopgracefulcarriage,correctstanding,andaccurateenunciationandwillfurnishabundantexerciseintheuseofthebestexamplesofproseandpoetryCloth,$,netbymail,$GREATSPEECHESANDHOWTOMAKETHEMInthisworkMrKleiserpointsoutmethodsbywhichyoungmenmayacquireanddeveloptheessentialsofforciblepublicspeakingCloth$,netbymail,$HOWTOARGUEANDWINNinetyninemeninahundredknowhowtoarguetoonewhocanargueandwinThisbooktellshowtoacquirethispowerCloth,pages,$,netbymail,$,HUMOROUSHITSANDHOWTOHOLDANAUDIENCEAcollectionofshortstories,selectionsandsketchesforalloccasionsCloth,pages,$,netbymail$COMPLETEGUIDETOPUBLICSPEAKINGTheonlyextensive,comprehensiveencyclopedicworkofitskindeverissuedThebestadvicebytheworld'sgreatauthoritiesuponoratory,preaching,platformandpulpitdelivery,voicebuilding,argumentation,debate,rhetoric,personalpower,云南外语网电子图书制作中心永久域名:wwwynenglishcom,wwwyncommentaldevelopment,etcCloth,pages,$:bymail$TALKSONTALKINGPracticalsuggestionsfordevelopingnaturalness,sincerity,andeffectivenessinconversationCloth,$,netbymail,$FIFTEENTHOUSANDUSEFULPHRASESApracticalhandbookoffelicitousexpressionsforenrichingthevocabularymo,cloth,$,netbymail$INSPIRATIONANDIDEALSPracticalhelpandinspirationinrightthinkingandrightlivingmo,cloth,$,net:bymail,$THEWORLD'SGREATSERMONSMasterpiecesofPulpitOratoryandbiographicalsketchesofthespeakersCloth,volumesWritefortermsGRENVILLEKLEISER'SPERSONALLESSONSINPUBLICSPEAKINGandtheDevelopmentofSelfConfidence,MentalPower,andPersonalityTwentyfivelessons,withspecialhandbooks,sidetalks,personallettersetcWritefortermsGRENVILLEKLEISER'SPERSONALLESSONSINPRACTICALENGLISHTwentylessons,withDailyDrills,specialbooks,personalletters,etcWriteforterms云南外语网电子图书制作中心永久域名:wwwynenglishcom,wwwyncomFIFTEENTHOUSANDUSEFULPHRASESAPRACTICALHANDBOOKOFPERTINENTEXPRESSIONS,STRIKINGSIMILES,LITERARYCOMMERCIAL,CONVERSATIONAL,ANDORATORICALTERMS,FORTHEEMBELLISHMENTOFSPEECHANDLITERATURE,ANDTHEIMPROVEMENTOFTHEVOCABULARYOFTHOSEPERSONSWHOREAD,WRITEANDSPEAKENGLISHBYGRENVILLEKLEISERFORMERLYINSTRUCTORINPUBLICSPEAKINGATYALEDIVINITYSCHOOL,YALEUNIVERSITYAUTHOROF"HOWTOSPEAKINPUBLIC,""HOWTODEVELOPPOWERANDPERSONALITYINSPEAKING,""HOWTODEVELOPSELFCONFIDENCEINSPEECHANDMANNER,""HOWTOARGUEANDWIN,""HOWTOREADANDDECLAIM,""COMPLETEGUIDETOPUBLICSPEAKING,"ETCWITHANINTRODUCTIONBYFRANKHVIZETELLY,LITTD,LLDFIFTHEDITIONFUNKWAGNALLSCOMPANYNEWYORKANDLONDONCOPYRIGHT,,BYFUNKWAGNALLSCOMPANY(PrintedintheUnitedStatesofAmerica)CopyrightundertheArticlesoftheCopyrightConventionofthePanAmericanRepublicsandtheUnitedStates,August,PublishedOctober,Onecannotalwaysliveinthepalacesandstateapartmentsoflanguage,butwecanrefusetospendourdaysinsearchingforitsvilestslums云南外语网电子图书制作中心永久域名:wwwynenglishcom,wwwyncomWilliamWatsonWordswithoutthoughtaredeadsoundsthoughtswithoutwordsarenothingTothinkistospeaklowtospeakistothinkaloudMaxMullerThefirstmeritwhichattractsinthepagesofagoodwriter,orthetalkofabrilliantconversationalist,istheaptchoiceandcontrastofthewordsemployedItisindeedastrangearttotaketheseblocksrudelyconceivedforthepurposeofthemarketorthebar,andbytactofapplicationtouchthemtothefinestmeaningsanddistinctionsRobertLouisStevensonItiswithwordsaswithsunbeams,themoretheyarecondensed,thedeepertheyburnSoutheyNonobleorrightstylewaseveryetfoundedbutoutofasincereheartRuskinWordsarethingsandasmalldropofink,fallinglikedewuponathought,producesthatwhichmakesthousands,perhapsmillions,thinkByronAgoodphrasemayoutweighapoorlibraryThomasWHigginson云南外语网电子图书制作中心永久域名:wwwynenglishcom,wwwyncomPLANOFCLASSIFICATIONSECTIONIUSEFULPHRASESIISIGNIFICANTPHRASESIIIFELICITOUSPHRASESIVIMPRESSIVEPHRASESVPREPOSITIONALPHRASESVIBUSINESSPHRASESVIILITERARYEXPRESSIONSVIIISTRIKINGSIMILESIXCONVERSATIONALPHRASESXPUBLICSPEAKINGPHRASESXIMISCELLANEOUSPHRASES云南外语网电子图书制作中心永久域名:wwwynenglishcom,wwwyncomINTRODUCTIONThemostpowerfulandthemostperfectexpressionofthoughtandfeelingthroughthemediumoforallanguagemustbetracedtothemasteryofwordsNothingisbettersuitedtoleadspeakersandreadersofEnglishintoaneasycontrolofthislanguagethanthecommandofthephrasethatperfectlyexpressesthethoughtEveryspeaker'saimistobeheardandunderstoodAclear,crisparticulationholdsanaudienceasbythespellofsomeirresistiblepowerThechoiceword,thecorrectphrase,areinstrumentsthatmayreachtheheart,andawakethesouliftheyfallupontheearinmelodiouscadencebutiftheutterancebeharshanddiscordanttheyfailtointerest,fallupondeafears,andareasbarrenasseedsownonfallowgroundInlanguage,nothingconducessoemphaticallytotheharmonyofsoundsasperfectphrasingthatis,theemphasizingoftherelationofclausetoclause,andofsentencetosentencebythesystematicgroupingofwordsThephraseconsistsusuallyofafewwordswhichdenoteasingleideathatformsaseparatepartofasentenceInthisrespectitdiffersfromtheclause,whichisashortsentencethatformsadistinctpartofacomposition,paragraph,ordiscourseCorrectphrasingisregulatedbyrests,suchrestsasdonotbreakthecontinuityofathoughtortheprogressofthesenseGRENVILLEKLEISER,whohasdevotedyearsofhisdiligentlifetoimpartingtheartofcorrectexpressioninspeechandwriting,hasprovidedmanyaidsforthosewhowouldknownotmerelywhattosay,buthowtosayitHehastaughtalsowhatthegreatHOLMEStaught,thatlanguageisatempleinwhichthehumansoulisenshrined,andthatitgrowsoutoflifeoutofitsjoysanditssorrows,itsburdensanditsnecessitiesTohim,aswellastothewriter,thedeepstrongvoiceofmanandthelowsweetvoiceofwomanareneverheardatfineradvantagethanintheearnestbutmellowtonesoffamiliarspeechInthepresentvolumeMrKleiserfurnishesanadditionalandanexceptionalaidforthosewhowouldhaveamintofphrasesattheircommandfromwhichtodrawwheninneedofthegoldenmeanforexpressingthoughtFewindeedarethebooksfittedtodayforthepurposeofimpartingthisknowledge,yettwocenturiesagophrasebookswereesteemedassupplementstothedictionaries,andhavenotbyanymannerofmeanslosttheirvalueTheguidetofamiliarquotations,theindextosimiles,thegrammars,thereaders,themachinemadeletterwriterofmechanicallyperfectlettersofcongratulationorcondolencenoneare云南外语网电子图书制作中心永久域名:wwwynenglishcom,wwwyncomsententiousenoughtosupplytheneedBythecompilationofthispraxis,MrKleiserhasnotonlysuppliedit,buthasfurnishedameansfortheincreaseofone'svocabularybypracticalmethodsTherearethousandsofpersonswhomayprofitbythesystematicstudyofsuchabookasthisiftheywillfamiliarizethemselveswiththeauthor'spurposebyacarefulreadingofthepreliminarypagesofhisbookTospeakinpublicpleasinglyandreadilyandtoreadwellareaccomplishmentsacquiredonlyaftermanydays,weekseven,ofpractiseForeignerssometimesreproachusfortheasperityanddiscordanceofourspeech,andingeneral,thisreproachisjust,fortherearemanypersonswhodoscantyjusticetothevowelelementsofourlanguageAlthoughtheseelementsconstituteitsmusictheyarecontinuallymistreatedWeflirtwithandpirouettearoundthemconstantlyIfitwerenotso,EnglishwouldbefoundfullofbeautyandharmonyofsoundFamiliarwiththemaxim,"Takecareofthevowelsandtheconsonantswilltakecareofthemselves,"amaximthatwhenputintopractisehasfrequentlyledtothebreakingdownofvowelvaluesthewriterfeelsthatthecommoncustomofallowing"theconsonantstotakecareofthemselves"isperniciousItleadstosuppressionortoimperfectutterance,andthusproducesindistinctarticulationTheEnglishlanguageissocomplexincharacterthatitcanscarcelybelearnedbyrule,andcanbestbemasteredbythestudyofsuchidiomsandphrasesasareprovidedinthisbookbutjustascaremustbetakentoplaceeveryaccentorstressonthepropersyllableinthepronouncingofeveryworditcontains,somustthestressoremphasisbeplacedontheproperwordineverysentencespokenToreadorspeakpleasinglyoneshouldresorttoconstantpractisebydoingsoaloudinprivate,orpreferably,inthepresenceofsuchpersonsasknowgoodreadingwhentheyhearitandaremastersofthemelodyofsoundsItwasDeanSwift'sbeliefthatthecommonfluencyofspeechinmanymenandmostwomenwasduetoscarcityofmatterandscarcityofwordsHeclaimedthatamasteroflanguagepossessedamindfullofideas,andthatbeforespeaking,suchamindpausedtoselectthechoicewordthephrasebestsuitedtotheoccasion"Commonspeakers,"hesaid,"haveonlyonesetofideas,andonesetofwordstoclothethemin,"andthesearealwaysreadyonthelipsBecauseheholdstheDean'sviewsoundtoday,thewriterwillventuretowarnthereadersofthisbookagainstahabitthat,growingfartoocommonamongus,shouldbechecked,andthisistheiterationandreiterationinconversationof"thebattered,stale,andtrite"phrases,thelikeofwhichwerecreditedbythe云南外语网电子图书制作中心永久域名:wwwynenglishcom,wwwyncomworthyDeantothewomenofhistimeHumanthoughtelaboratesitselfwiththeprogressofintelligenceSpeechistheharvestofthought,andtherelationwhichexistsbetweenwordsandthemouthsthatspeakthemmustbecarefullyobservedJustasnothingismorebeautifulthanawordfitlyspoken,sonothingisrarerthantheuseofawordinitsexactmeaningThereisatendencytooverworkbothwordsandphrasesthatisnotrestrictedtoanyparticularclassThelearnedsininthisrespectevenasdotheignorant,andthepractisespreadsuntilitbecomesanepidemicTheepidemicwordwithusyesterdaywasunquestionably"conscription"severalmonthsagoitwas"preparedness"Beforethen"efficiency"washeardoneverysideandsucceededinsuperseding"vocationalteaching,"onlytobedisplacedinturnby"lifeextension"activities"Safetyfirst"hadalongrunwhichwasbroughtalmosttoabruptendby"strictaccountability,"butthesearemerereflectionsofourcosmopolitanlifeandactivitiesThereareothersthatstandoutasindicatorsofbrainwearinessThesearemostfrequentlymetintheworkofournovelistsEnglishauthorsandjournalistsareabusingandoverworkingthewordintriguetodaySirArthurQuillercouchonpageofhisbook"OntheArtofWriting"usesit:"Weareintriguedbytheprocessofmanufactureinsteadofbeingweariedbyadescriptionofthereadymadearticle"MrsSidgwickin"SaltandSavour,"page,wrote:"ButwhatintriguedherwasLittleMamma'sremarkatbreakfast,"FromtheParliamentarynews,onelearnsthat"MrHarcourtintriguedtheHouseofCommonsbyhissustainedsilencefortwoyears"andthat"Londonisinterestedin,andnotalittleintrigued,bythestatement"Thisuseofintrigueinthesenseof"perplex,puzzle,trick,ordeceive"datesfromThenitfellintoastateofsomnolence,andafteranexistenceofinnocuousdesuetudelastingtillitwasrevived,onlytohibernateagainuntilItowesitsnewleaseoflifetoawriteronTheWestminsterGazette,aLondonjournalfamousforitscompetitionsinaidoftherestoringofthedeadmeaningsofwordsOneisalmostexasperatedbytherepeateduseandabuseoftheword"intimate"inarecentlypublishedworkoffiction,byanauthorwhoaspirestothefirstrankinhisprofessionHewritesof"theintimatedimnessoftheroom""afierceintimatewhispering""alookthatwasintimate""thenoiseofthecitywasintimate,"etcWhohasnotheard,"Theidea!""What'stheidea""Isthattheidea""Yes,that'stheidea,"withincreasedinflectionat云南外语网电子图书制作中心永久域名:wwwynenglishcom,wwwyncomeachrepetitionAndwhoiswithoutafriendwhoatsometimeoranotherhasnotsprung"meticulous"uponhimAnotherexampleisaffordedbytheendemicuseof"ofsorts"whichstruckLondonwhilethewriterwasinthatcityafewyearsagoWhenceitcamenooneknew,butitwasheardoneveryside"Shewasawomanofsorts""heisaToryofsorts""hehadareligionofsorts""hewasacriticofsorts"Whileitoriginallymeant"ofdifferentorvariouskinds,"ashatsofsortsofficesofsortscheesesofsorts,etc,itisnowuseddisparagingly,andimpliessomethingofakindthatisnotsatisfactory,orofacharacterthatisratherpoorThis,asShakespearemighthavesaid,is"Soddenbusiness!There'sastewedphraseindeed!"Footnote:TroilusandCressida,actiii,scTheabuseofphrasesandthemisuseofwordsrifeamonguscanbecheckedbydiligentexercisesingoodEnglish,suchasthisbookprovidesTheseexercises,inconjunctionwithotherstobefoundindifferentvolumesbythesameauthor,willservetocorrectcarelessdictionandslovenlyspeech,andleadtotheartofspeakingandwritingcorrectlyfor,afterall,accuracyintheuseofwordsismoreamatterofhabitthanoftheory,andonceitisacquireditbecomesjustaseasytospeakortowritegoodEnglishasbadEnglishItwasChesterfield'sresolutionnottospeakawordinconversationwhichwasnotthefittesthecouldrecallAllpersonsshouldavoidusingwordswhosemeaningstheydonotknow,andwiththecorrectapplicationofwhichtheyareunfamiliarThebestspokenandthebestwrittenEnglishisthatwhichconformstothelanguageasusedbymenandwomenofcultureahighstandard,itistrue,butonenotsohighthatitisunattainablebyanyearneststudentoftheEnglishtongueFRANKHVIZETELLYHOWTOUSETHISBOOKThestudyofwords,phrases,andliteraryexpressionsisahighlyinterestingpursuitThereisareciprocalinfluencebetweenthoughtandlanguageWhatwethinkmoldsthewordsweuse,andthewordsweusereactuponourthoughtsHenceastudyofwordsisastudyofideas,andastimulanttodeepandoriginalthinkingWeshouldnot,however,study"sparklingwordsandsonorousphrases"withtheobjectofintroducingthemconsciouslyintoourspeechTodosowouldinevitablyleadtostiltednessandsuperficialityWordsandphrasesshouldbestudiedassymbolsofideas,andaswebecomethoroughlyfamiliarwith云南外语网电子图书制作中心永久域名:wwwynenglishcom,wwwyncomthemtheywillplayanunconsciousbuteffectivepartinourdailyexpressionWeacquireourvocabularylargelyfromourreadingandourpersonalassociatesThewordsweuseareanunmistakableindicationofourthoughthabits,tastes,ideals,andinterestsinlifeInlikemanner,thehabituallanguageofapeopleisabarometeroftheirintellectual,civil,moral,andspiritualidealsAgreatandnoblepeopleexpressthemselvesingreatandnoblewordsRuskinearnestlycounselsustoformthehabitoflookingintenselyatwordsWeshouldscrutinizethemcloselyandendeavortograsptheirinnermostmeaningThereisanindefinablesatisfactioninknowinghowtochooseandusewordswithaccuracyandprecisionAsFoxoncesaid,"Iamneveratalossforaword,butPittalwayshastheword"AllthegreatwritersandoratorshavebeendiligentstudentsofwordsDemosthenesandCicerowereindefatigableintheirstudyoflanguageShakespeare,"infiniteinfaculty,"tookinfinitepainstoembodyhisthoughtinwordsofcrystalclearnessColeridgeoncesaidofhimthatonemightaswelltrytodislodgeabrickfromabuildingwithone'sforefingerastoomitasinglewordfromoneofhisfinestpassagesMilton,masterofmajesticprose,underwhosetouchwordsbecameaslivingthingsFlaubert,whobelievedtherewasoneandoneonlybestwordwithwhichtoexpressagiventhoughtDeQuincey,whoexercisedaweirdlikepoweroverwordsRuskin,whoserhythmicproseenchantedtheearKeats,whobroodedoverphraseslikealoverNewman,ofpureandmelodiousstyleStevenson,foreverinquestofthescrupulouslyprecisewordTennyson,gracefulandexquisiteasthelimpidstreamEmerson,oftrenchantandepigrammaticstyleWebster,whosevirilewordssometimesweighedapoundandLincoln,ofsimple,Saxonspeech,alltheseillustriousmenwereassiduousintheirstudyofwordsManypersonsofgoodeducationunconsciouslycircumscribethemselveswithinasmallvocabularyTheyhaveaknowledgeofhundredsofdesirablewordswhichtheydonotputintopracticaluseintheirspeechorwritingMany,too,areconsciousofapovertyoflanguage,whichengendersinthemasenseoftimidityandselfdepreciationThemethodusedforbuildingalargevocabularyhasusuallybeenconfinedtothestudyofsinglewordsThishasproducedgoodresults,butitisbelievedthateminentlybetter云南外语网电子图书制作中心永久域名:wwwynenglishcom,wwwyncomresultscanbeobtainedfromacarefulstudyofwordsandexpressions,asfurnishedinthisbook,wherewordscanbeexaminedintheircontextItisintendedandsuggestedthatthisstudyshouldbepursuedinconnectionwith,andasasupplementto,agoodstandarddictionaryFifteenminutesadaydevotedtothissubject,inthemanneroutlined,willdomoretoimproveandenlargethevocabularythananhourspentindesultoryreadingThereisnobetterwayi

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学习美语必备:掌握15000美语习语

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