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首页 《红楼梦》英文版(杨宪益译)

《红楼梦》英文版(杨宪益译).doc

《红楼梦》英文版(杨宪益译)

老屋场
2013-10-11 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《《红楼梦》英文版(杨宪益译)doc》,可适用于外语资料领域

ChapterZhenShiyininaDreamSeestheJadeofSpiritualUnderstandingJiaYucuninHisObscurityIsCharmedbyaMaidThisistheopeningchapterofthenovelInwritingthisstoryoftheStonetheauthorwantedtorecordcertainofhispastdreamsandillusions,buthetriedtohidethetruefactsofhisexperiencebyusingtheallegoryofthejadeof“SpiritualUnderstanding”HencehisrecoursetonameslikeZhenShiyinButwhataretheeventsrecordedinthisbook,andwhoarethecharactersAboutthishesaid:“Inthisbusy,dustyworld,havingaccomplishednothing,IsuddenlyrecalledallthegirlsIhadknown,consideringeachinturn,anditdawnedonmethatallofthemsurpassedmeinbehaviourandunderstandingthatI,shamefultosay,forallmymasculinedignity,fellshortofthegentlersexButsincethiscouldneverberemedied,itwasnouseregrettingitTherewasreallynothingtobedone“IdecidedthentomakeknowntoallhowI,thoughdressedinsilksanddelicatelynurturedthankstotheImperialfavourandmyancestors’virtue,hadneverthelessignoredthekindlyguidanceofmyeldersaswellasthegoodadviceofteachersandfriends,withtheresultthatIhadwastedhalfmylifeandnotacquiredasingleskillButnomatterhowunforgivablemycrimes,ImustnotletallthelovelygirlsIhaveknownpassintooblivionthroughmywickednessormydesiretohidemyshortcomings“Thoughmyhomeisnowathatchedcottagewithmattingwindows,earthenstoveandropebed,thisshallnotstopmefromlayingbaremyheartIndeed,themorningbreeze,thedewofnight,thewillowsbymystepsandtheflowersinmycourtyardinspiremetowieldmybrushThoughIhavelittlelearningorliterarytalent,whatdoesitmatterifItellataleinrusticlanguagetoleavearecordofallthoselovelygirlsThisshoulddivertreaderstooandhelpdistractthemfromtheircaresThatiswhyIusetheothernameJiaYucun”Doyouknow,WorthyReaders,wherethisbookcomesfromTheanswermaysoundfantastic,yetcarefullyconsideredisofgreatinterestLetmeexplain,sothattherewillbenodoubtleftinyourmindsWhenthegoddessNuWamelteddownrockstorepairthesky,atBaselessCliffintheGreatWasteMountainshemadethirtysixthousandfivehundredandoneblocksofstone,eachahundredandtwentyfeethighandtwohundredandfortyfeetsquareSheusedonlythirtysixthousandfivehundredoftheseandthrewtheremainingblockdownatthefootofBlueRidgePeakStrangetorelate,thisblockofstoneaftertemperinghadacquiredspiritualunderstandingBecauseallitsfellowblockshadbeenchosentomendtheskyanditalonerejected,itlamenteddayandnightindistressandshameOnedayastheStonewasbroodingoveritsfate,itsawapproachingfromthedistanceaBuddhistmonkandTaoistpriest,bothofstrikingdemeanouranddistinguishedappearanceTheycameuptotheStoneandsatdowntochatWhentheysawthepuretranslucentStonewhichhadshrunktothesizeofafanpendant,themonktookituponthepalmofhishandandsaidtoitwithasmile:“Youlooklikeapreciousobject,butyoustilllackrealvalueImustengravesomecharactersonyousothatpeoplecanseeataglancethatyou’resomethingspecialThenwecantakeyoutosomecivilizedandprosperousrealm,toaculturedfamilyofofficialstatus,aplacewhereflowersandwillowsflourish,thehomeofpleasureandluxurywhereyoucansettledownincomfort”TheStonewasoverjoyed“MayItroubleyoutoenlightenme,”itsaid,“astowhatwonder​fulmeritsyouwillbestowonmeAndwheredoyoumeantotakeme”“Don’task”Themonksmiled“You’llfindoutallingoodtime”WiththathetuckedtheStoneintohissleeveandhurriedoffwiththeTaoistButwheretheywentnooneknowsAfternooneknowshowmanygenerationsoraeons,aTaoistknownasReverendVoid,searchingfortheWayandimmortality,cametoGreatWasteMountain,BaselessCliffandthefootofBlueRidgePeakHiseyefellontheinscriptiononalargestonewhichwasstilldiscernibleandhereaditthroughItwasanaccountoftheStone’srejectionforrepair​ingheaven,itstransformationandconveyancetotheworldofmenbytheBuddhistofInfiniteSpaceandtheTaoistofBoundlessTime,andthejoysandsorrows,partingsandencounters,warmandcoldtreatmentfromothersithadexperiencedthereOnitsbackwasaBuddhistverse:Unfittomendtheazuresky,IpassedsomeyearsonearthtonoavailMylifeinbothworldsisrecordedhereWhomcanIasktopassonthisromantictaleTherefollowedthenameoftheregionwheretheStonefell,theplaceofitsincarnation,andthestoryofitsadventuresincludingtrivialfamilyaffairsandlightverseswrittentoamuseidlehoursThedynasty,yearandcountry’snamewere,however,obliteratedTheReverendVoidsaidtotheStone:“BrotherStone,youseemtothinkthatyourtalerecordedhereisinterestingenoughtomeritpublica​tionInmyview,inthefirstplace,thereisnowayoffindingoutthedynastyandtheyearinthesecond,thereisnothinghereaboutworthyandloyalministersandhowtheyregulatedthegovernmentandpublicmoralityTherearemerelysomegirlsremarkableonlyfortheirpassionorfolly,orelsefortheirsmallgiftsandtriflingvirtueswhichcannotevencomparewiththoseofsuchtalentedladiesasBanZhaoorCaiYanEvenifIweretotranscribeit,itwouldhardlyarousemuchinterest”“Howcanyoubesodense,master”protestedtheStonewithasmile“Ifthere’snowayoffindingoutthedate,youcaneasilyascribethistaletosometimeintheHanorTangDynastyButsinceallnovelsdothat,IthinkmywayofdispensingwiththisconventionandjustdealingwithmyownadventuresandfeelingsismoreoriginalWhyinsistonacertaindynastyordefinitedateBesides,mostcommonpeopleofthemarketplacemuchpreferlightliteraturetoimprovingbooksThetroubleisthatsomanyromancescontainslanderousanecdotesaboutsovereignsandministersorcastaspersionsuponothermen’swivesanddaughterssothattheyarepackedwithsexandviolenceEvenworsearethosewritersofthebreezeandmoonlightschool,whocorrupttheyoungwithpornographyandfilthAsforbooksofthebeautyandtalentedscholartype,athousandarewrittentoasinglepatternandnoneescapesborder​ingonindecencyTheyarefilledwithallusionstohandsome,talentedyoungmenandbeautiful,refinedgirlsinhistorybutinordertoinsertacoupleofhisownlovepoems,theauthorinventsstereotypedheroesandheroineswiththeinevitablelowcharactertomaketroublebetweenthemlikeaclowninaplay,andmakeseventheslavegirlstalkpedanticnon​senseSoallthesenovelsarefullofcontradictionsandabsurdlyunnatu​ral“MuchbetterarethegirlsIhaveknownmyselfduringmyyoungdaysIwouldn’tpresumetorankthemassuperiortoallthecharactersofearlierworks,yettheirstoriesmayservetodispelboredomandcarewhilethefewdoggerelsIhaveinsertedmayraisealaughandaddzesttowineAsforthescenesofsadpartingsandhappymeetings,prosperityanddecline,thesearealltruetofactandnotalteredintheslightesttocauseasensationordepartfromthetruth“Atpresentthedailyconcernofthepoorisfoodandclothing,whiletherichareneversatisfiedAlltheirleisureistakenupwithamorousadventures,materialacquisitionortroublemakingWhattimedotheyhavetoreadpoliticalandmoraltreatisesIneitherwantpeopletomarvelatthisstoryofmine,nordoIinsistthattheyshouldreaditforpleasureIonlyhopetheymayfinddistractionherewhentheyaresatedwithfoodandwineorsearchingforsomeescapefromworldlycaresByglancingoveritinplaceofothervainpursuits,theymaysavetheirenergiesandprolongtheirlives,sparingthemselvestheharmofquarrelsandargu​ments,orthetroubleofchasingafterwhatisillusory“Besides,thisstoryoffersreaderssomethingnew,unlikethosehack​neyedandstalehodgepodgesofsuddenpartingsandencounterswhichteemwithtalentedscholarsandlovelygirlsCaoZijian,ZhuoWenjun,Hongniang,XiaoyuandthelikeWhatdoyousay,master”TheReverendVoidthoughtitover,thencarefullyrereadTheTaleoftheStoneHefoundinitbothcondemnationoftreacheryandcriticismofflatteryandevil,butitwasclearlynotwrittentopasscensureonthetimesMoreoveritsurpassedotherbooksinitsvoluminousaccountsofbenevolentprinces,goodministers,kindfathersandfilialsons,andallmatterspertainingtoproperhumanrelations,aswellaseulogiesofvirtu​ousdeedsAlthoughthemainthemewaslove,itwassimplyatruerecordofevents,superiortothoseshammeretriciousworksdevotedtolicen​tiousassignationsanddissoluteescapadesSinceitdidnottouchatalloncurrenteventshecopieditoutfrombeginningtoendandtookitawaytofindapublisherSinceallmanifestationsarebornofnothingnessandinturngiverisetopassion,bydescribingpassionforwhatismanifestwecomprehendnothingnessSotheTaoistchangedhisnametothePassionateMonkandchangedthetitleofthebookfromTheTaleoftheStonetotheRecordofthePassionateMonkKongMeixiofeasternLusuggestedthetitlePreciousMirrorofLoveLaterCaoXueqininhisMourningtheRedStudioporedoverthebookfortenyearsandrewroteitfivetimesHedivideditintochap​ters,furnishedheadingsforeach,andrenameditTheTwelveBeautiesofJinlingHealsoinscribedonitthisverse:PagesfulloffantastictalkPennedwithbittertearsAllmencalltheauthormad,NonehismessagehearsNowthattheoriginofthestoryisclear,letusseewhatwasrecordedontheStoneLongagotheearthdippeddownwardsinthesoutheast,andinthatsoutheastpartwasacitynamedGusuandthequarteraroundChangmenGateofGusuwasoneofthemostfashionablecentresofwealthandnobilityintheworldofmenOutsidethisChangmenGatewasacertainTenliStreet,offwhichrantheLaneofHumanityandPurityandinthislanestoodanoldtemple,whichbeingbuiltinsuchanarrowspacewasknownfromitsshapeasGourdTempleBesidethistemplelivedagentle​mannamedZhenFei,whosecourtesynamewasShiyinHiswife,néeFeng,wasaworthyvirtuouswomanwithastrongsenseofproprietyandrightAlthoughneitherveryrichnornoble,theirfamilywashighlyre​gardedinthatlocalityZhenShiyinhadaquietdispositionInsteadofhankeringafterwealthorrank,hewasquitehappytendingflowers,growingbamboos,sippingwineorwritingpoemsspendinghistimeverymuchlikeanimmortalOnethingalonewaslacking:hewasnowoverfiftybuthadnoson,onlyathreeyearolddaughternamedYinglianOnelonghotsummerdayasShiyinwassittingidlyinhisstudy,thebookslippedfromhishandand,leaninghisheadonthedesk,hefellasleepIndreamhetravelledtoanunknownplace,wherehesuddenlyno​ticedamonkandaTaoistapproaching,talkingtogetherHeheardtheTaoistask:“Wheredoyoumeantotakethatstupidobject”“Don’tworry,”repliedthemonk“Alovedramaisabouttobeenacted,butnotallitsactorshaveyetbeenincarnatedI’mgoingtoslipthissillythinginamongthemtogiveittheexperienceitwants”“Soanotherbatchofamoroussinnersarebentonmakingtroublebyreincarnation,”commentedtheTaoist“Wherewillthisdramatakeplace”“It’sanamusingstory”Themonksmiled“You’veneverheardanythinglikeitInthewest,onthebankoftheSacredRiver,besidetheStoneofThreeIncarnationstheregrewaVermilionPearlPlantwhichwaswateredeverydaywithsweetdewbytheattendantShenYinginthePalaceofRedJadeAsthemonthsandyearswentbyandtheVer​milionPearlPlantimbibedtheessencesofheavenandearthandthenourishmentofrainanddew,itcastoffitsplantnatureandtookhumanform,albeitonlythatofagirlAlldaylongsheroamedbeyondtheSphereofPartingSorrow,stayingherhungerwiththefruitSecretLoveandquenchingherthirstattheSeaofBrimmingGriefButherheartwasheavybecauseshehadnotrepaidthecarelavishedonher“Justthen,asithappened,ShenYingwasseizedwithalongingtoassumehumanformandvisittheworldofmen,takingadvantageofthepresentenlightenedandpeacefulreignHemadehisrequesttotheGod​dessofDisenchantment,whosawthatthiswasachanceforVermilionPearltorepayherdebtofgratitude“‘Hegavemesweetdew,’saidVermilionPearl,‘butI’venowatertorepayhiskindnessIfhe’sgoingdowntotheworldofmen,IwouldliketogotoosothatifIrepayhimwithasmanytearsasIcanshedinalifetimeImaybeabletoclearthisdebt’“Thisinducedmanyotheramorousspiritswhohadnotatonedfortheirsinstoaccompanythemandtakepartinthisdrama”“Thatcertainlyisodd,”remarkedtheTaoist“I’veneverheardofrepaymentwithtearsbeforeIimaginethisstoryshouldhavemorefinepointsthantheusualrunofbreezeandmoonlighttales”“Theoldromancesgiveusonlyoutlinesoftheircharacters’liveswithanumberofpoemsaboutthem,”saidthemonk“We’renevertoldthedetailsoftheirintimatefamilylifeordailymealsBesides,mostbreezeandmoonlighttalesdealwithsecretassignationsandelopements,andhaveneverreallyexpressedthetruelovebetweenayoungmanandagirlI’msurewhenthesespiritsgodowntoearth,we’llseeloversandlechers,worthypeople,simpletonsandscoundrelsunlikethoseinearlierromances“Whydon’tyouandItakethischancetogotooandwinoverafewofthemThatwouldbeaworthydeed”“ExactlywhatIwasthinkingButfirstwemusttakethisstupidobjecttothepalaceoftheGoddessofDisenchantmentandclearalltheformali​tiesAfteralltheseromanticsoulshavegonedownwecanfollowSofaronlyhalfofthemhavedescendedtoearth”“InthatcaseI’mreadytogowithyou,”saidtheTaoistZhenShiyinhadheardeverywordoftheirconversationbutdidnotknowwhatwasmeantbythe“stupidobject”Hecouldnotresistac​costingthemwithabow“Greetings,immortalmasters!”hesaidwithasmileWhentheyhadreturnedhisgreetinghecontinued:“RareindeedistheopportunitytolistentosuchadiscussionofcauseandeffectsasIhavejustheardButIamtoodulltograspitIfyouwouldkindlyelucidatetoenlightenme,IpromisetolistenmostattentivelyForprofitingbyyourwisdommayprovemysalvation”“Thisisamysterywhichwecannotdivulge”Thetwoimmortalssmiled“Whenthetimecomes,thinkofusThenyoumaybeabletoescapefromthefierypit”Shiyincouldhardlypressthem“Imustn’tprobeintoamystery,”hesaid,“butcouldyoushowmethatobjectyoumentionedjustnow”“Ifyouwanttoknow,youaredestinedinyourlifetomeetwithit,”saidthemonkWiththatheproducedabeautifulpieceoftranslucentjadeandhandedittoShiyinOntheobversewerecarvedthewordsPreciousJadeofSpiritualUnderstandingBeforeShiyincouldlookcarefullyatthecol​umnsofsmallercharactersonthereversethemonksnatcheditawayfromhimsaying:“We’vereachedtheLandofIllusion”HepassedwiththeTaoistthroughalargestonearchwayonwhichwasinscribed:IllusoryLandofGreatVoidAcoupletonthetwopillarsread:Whenfalseistakenfortrue,truebecomesfalseIfnonbeingturnsintobeing,beingbecomesnonbeingShiyinwasstartingafterthetwoimmortalswhenheheardafearfulcrash,asifmountainshadcollapsedandtheearthsplitasunderWithacryhewokeupandstaredabouthimTherewasthefierysunstillblazingdownontherustlingplantainleavesAlreadyhalfofhisdreamhadslippedhismindThenursecameupthenwithYinglianinherarms,anditstruckShiyinthathisdaughterwasgrowingprettierandmorelovableeverydayHepickedherupandplayedwithherforawhile,thentookhertothegatetowatchareligiousprocessionpassbyHewasjustabouttogoinagainwhenamonkandaTaoistpriestdrewnear,laughingandgibberingliketwomaniacsThemonkwasbarefooted,hisheadscabbythepriest,lamewithtangled,tousledhairWhentheyreachedShiyin’sgateandsawthechildinhisarms,themonkburstintolamentations“Whyareyoucarryingthatillfatedcreature,sir”heasked“Shewillbringnothingbuttroubletoherparents”Shiyinthoughtthemanwasravingandpaidnoattention“Givehertome!”criedthemonk“Givehertome!”Losingpatience,ShiyinclaspedhisdaughtermoretightlyandwasturningtoreenterthehousewhenthemonkpointedathimandletoutaroaroflaughterHethendeclaimed:“Fool,tocareforthistenderchild:Animageinthemirror,snowmeltingawayBewarewhatwillfollowtheLanternFeast,Thevanishinglikesmokewhenthefireburnsout”Shiyin,hearingthisclearly,wonderedwhatitmeantBeforehecouldask,theTaoisttoldthemonk:“ThisiswhereourpathsdivideEachmustgoabouthisownbusi​nessThreeaeonsfromnowIshallwaitforyouatMountBeimang,andtogetherwecangototheLandofIllusiontohavethisaffairexpungedfromtheregister”“Verygood,”saidthemonkThenbothvanishedwithoutatraceShiyinrealizedthenthatthesewerenoordinarymenandregrettednothavingquestionedthemHisruefulreflectionswerecutshortbythearrivalofapoorscholarwholivednextdoorinGourdTempleHisnamewasJiaHua,hiscourtesynameShifei,andhispennameYucunAnativeofHuzhou,hewasthelastofalineofscholarsandofficialsHisparentshadexhaustedthefamilypropertyanddiedleavinghimaloneintheworldSincenothingwastobegainedbystayingathome,hehadsetoutforthecapitalinthehopeofsecuringapositionandrestoringthefamilyfortunesButbythetimehehadreachedhereacoupleofyearsagohismoneyhadrunoutandhehadgonetoliveinthetemplewherehemadeaprecariouslivingbyworkingasascrivenerForthisreasonShiyinsawagooddealofhimHavinggreetedShiyin,Yucunasked,“Whatareyouwatchingfromyourgate,sirIsthereanynewsintown”“Nothing,”wasthereply“Mylittlegirlwascrying,soIbroughtherouttoplayYoucouldn’thavearrivedatabettermoment,asIwasfeelingthoroughlyboredComeinandhelpmewhileawaythelongsummerday”Hetoldaservanttotakehisdaughterinside,andledYucunintohisstudy,whereaboyservedteaTheyhadnotexchangedmanyremarkswhenaservanthurriedintoannouncethearrivalofacertainMrYanThenShiyinexcusedhimself,saying,“ForgivemyrudenessDoyoumindwaitinghereforafewminutes”“Don’tstandonceremony,sir,”saidYucun,rising“Iamaregularguesthere,Idon’tmindwaiting”SoafterShiyinwenttothefrontroomYucunpassedthetimebyleafingthroughsomebooks,untilheheardayoungwomancoughingoutsideHeslippedovertothewindowandlookedoutItwasamaidpickingflowersShehaduncommonfeatures,brighteyesandgracefuleyebrows,andalthoughnogreatbeautyshepossessedconsiderablecharmYucunstaredather,spellboundJustasshewasleavingwithherflowers,thegirlabruptlylookedupandcaughtsightofhimHisclotheswereshabbyyethewaspowerfullybuiltwithanopenface,firmlips,eyebrowslikescimitars,eyeslikestars,astraightnoseandroundedcheeksSheturnedawaythinkingtoherself,“He’safinelookingmanforallhistatteredclothesThism

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