下载

1下载券

加入VIP
  • 专属下载特权
  • 现金文档折扣购买
  • VIP免费专区
  • 千万文档免费下载

上传资料

关闭

关闭

关闭

封号提示

内容

首页 2004年人大考博英语真题

2004年人大考博英语真题.doc

2004年人大考博英语真题

juanjuan
2009-12-13 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《2004年人大考博英语真题doc》,可适用于外语资料领域

客观题部分请用铅笔将此部分试题的答案填涂在答题卡上否则无效!IIVocabulary(points)PartA(points)Directions:Beneatheachofthefollowingsentences,therearefourchoicesmarkediLB,Carm)Choosethe:onethatbestcompletesthesentenceandmarkthecorrespondingletterwithasinglebaracrossthesquarebracketonANSWERSHEETExample:SheprefersforeignwinetothatproducedApreviouslyBvLrtuallyCprimarilyDdomesticallyThesentenceshouldread,"Sheprefersforeignwinetothatproducedomesticany"Therefore,youshouldchooseDSampleAnswerABCDInternationalsportshouldcreategoodwillbetweenthenations,butinthepresentorganizationoftheOlympicssomehowencouragespatriotismAobsoleteBaggressiveCharmoniousDamiableZOnecallunderstandothersmuchbetterbynotingtheimmediateandfleetingreactionsoftheireyesandtoexpressedthoughtsAdilemmasBcountenancesCconcessionsDjunctionsPeopleinnatelyforsuperiorityovertheirpeersalthoughitsometimestakestheformofanexaggeratedlustforpowerAstriveBascertainCjustifyDadhereSomescientistshavesuggestedthatEarthisakindof,zooorwildlifeforintelligentspacebeings,likethewildernessareaswehavesetuponearthtoallowanimalstodevelopnaturallywhileweobservethemAconservationBmaintenanceCstorageDreserveAccordingtothelatestreport,consumerconfidenceabreathtakingpointslastmonth,toitslowestlevelinyearsAsoaredBmutatedCplummetedDfluctuatedMelissaisacomputerthatdestroyedfilesincomputersandfrustratedthousandsofusersaroundtheworldAgeniusBviresCdiseaseDbacteriaTheemphasis:onexaminationsisibyfartheworstformofcompetitioninschoolsAnegligentBedibleCfabulousDdisproportionateTheboyseemedmoretotheirpoverty,afterseeinghowhisgrandparentslivedAreconciledBconsolidatedCdeterioratedDattributedDuringhistwomonthstay,inChina,TomneverachancetopracticehisChineseApassedonBpassedupCpassedbyDpassedoutWhenapersondies,hisdebtsmustbepaidbeforehiscanbedistributedAparadoxesBlegaciesCplatitudesDanaloginPartB(points)Directions:IneachofthefollowingsentencesthereisonewordorphraseunderlinedBelowthesentencearefourchoicesmarkedA,B,C,andDChoosetheonethatisclosestinmeaningtotheunderiinedpartMarkthecorrespondingletterwithasinglebaracrossthesquarebracketonANSWERSHEETIExample:ThesecretaryisVerycompetentshecanfinishalltheseletterswithinone,ca,ODebourAcarefulBindustriousCcleverDcapableInthissentence,"competent"isclosestnme:ztingto"capable"ThereforeyoushouldchooseDSampleAnswerABCDDHeclaimsthatadvertisingtodaytendstoportraywomenintraditionalrolessuchascookingortakingcareofthebabyAdepictBadvocateDcriticizeDanalyze,Theyachievedmorethantheyhadeyerdreamed,lendingamagictOtheirfamilystorythatnotaleorordinarylifecouldpossiblyrivalAconfirmBachieveCmatchDexaggerateThemosturgentthingistofindadumpforthosetoxicindustrialwastesAimminentBrecyclableCsmellyDpoisonousiBritishPrimeMinisterTonyBlairpromisedtheelectoratethatgunswouldnorbefiredwithoutanattempttowinafurtherUNsanctionAalliesBdelegatesCvotersDjuriesTheanalysissuggeststhatthetradeoffbetweenour:children'scollegeandourownretirementsecurityis,chillingAfrighteningBpromisingCfreezingDrevealingTheirsigningofthetreatywasregardedasaconspiracyagainsttheBritishCrownAsecretplanBboldattackCcleverdesignDjointeffortEvidence,reference,andfoomotesbythethousandtestifytoascrupulousresearcherwhodoesconsiderablejusticetoafullrangeofdifferentbeoreficalandpoliticalpositionsAtrustworthyBintelligentCdiligentDmeticulousDespitetheirspartan,isolatedlifestyle,themarenostoriesofwomenbeingrapedorwantonviolenceagainstciviliansintheregionAintriguingBexasperating:CdemonstrativeDunprovokedThegangderivedtheirnicknamefromtheirdarkclothingandblackedupfacesfornocturnalraidsintheforestAillegalBnighttimeC,brutalDabusiveThoughsometimestoolazytoworkashardashersisters,Lindahasamoreavidfondnessforthelimelight,AmercurialB,gallantCardentDfrugalIIICloze(points)Directions:ReadthefollowingpassageChoosethebestwordforeachnumberedblankandmarkthecorrespondingletterwithasinglebaracrossthesquarebracketonAnswerSheetILikemanyotheraspectsofthecomputerage,Yahoobeganasanidea,intoahobbyandIatelyhasintoafulltimepassionThetwodevelopersofYahoo,DavidFiloandJerryYang,PhDcandidatesElectricalEngineeringatStanfordUniversity,startedtheirguideinAprilasawaytokeepoftheirpersonalinterestontheIntemetBeforelongtheythattheirhome,brewedlistswerebecomingtoolongandGraduallytheybegantospendmoreandmoretimeonYahooDuring,theyyahoointoacustomizeddatabasedesignedtotheneedsofthethousandsofusersbegantousetheservicethroughthecloselyIntemetcommunityTheydevelopedcustomizedsoftwaretohelpthemlocate,identifyandeditmaterialontheIntemetThenameYahooistostandfor"YetAnotherHierarchicalOfficiousOracle"butFiloandYanginsisttheyselectedthebecausetheyconsideredthemselvesyahoosYahooitselffirstonYang'sworkstation,"akebono",whilethesearchenginewasonFilo'scomputer,"Konishiki"InearlyMarcAndreessen,cofounderofNetscapeCommunicationinMountainView,California,invitedFiloandYangtomovetheirfilestolargercomputersatNetscapeAsaresultStanford'scomputernetworkreturnedto,andbothpartiesbenefiascToday,YahooorganizedinformationontensofthousandsofcomputerslinkedtothewebAbecameBgrewCmmDintendAmadeBsawClookedDturnedAinBonCaboutDferAtouchcontactCnackDrecordAfoundedEfoundCarguedDreportedAunwieldyBtoughCtamableDinvaluableAexchangedBshankCsoldDconvertedAexplainBserveCdiscoverDevaluateAwhichBthatCactuallyDeagerlyArelativeBinteractiveCboundDcontactedAfluentlyBefficientlyCexactlyDactuallyAtransmittedBpurchasedCsoldDAaboutBboundCgoingDsupposedIAfableBmodelCnameDbrandAsupportedBresidedClivedDlaunchedAconnectedBlodgedCintroducedDlinkedAoverB,awayCinsideDbeneathAhousedBcaughtChosedDbiddenAaverageBnormalCordinaryDequalAattainsBdetainsCmaintainsDcontainsIVReadingComprehension(points)Directions:Readthefollowingpassages,decideonthebestoneofthechoicesmarkedA,B,C,andDforeachquestionorunfinishedstatementandthenmarkthecorrespondingletterwithasinglebaracrossthesquarebracketontheANSWERSHEETPassageGuthrie'scontiguityprincipleofferspracticalsuggestionsforhowtobreakbabiesOneapplicationofthethrcshoMmethodinvolvesthetimeyoungchildrenspendonacademicactivitiesYoungchildrenhaveshortattentionspans,sothelengthoftimetheycansustainworkononeactivityislimitedMostactivitiesarescheduledtolastnolongerthantominutesHowever,atthestartoftheschoolyear,attentionspansquicklywaneandbehaviorproblemsoftenresultToapplyGutiarie'stheory,ateachermight,atthestartoftheyear,limitactivitiestotominutesOverthenextfewweekstheteachercouldgreduallyincreasethetimestudentsspendworkingonasingleactivityThethresholdmethocialsocanbeappliedtoteachingprintingabdhandwritingWhenchildrenfirstlearntoformletters,theirmovementsawkwardandtheylackfreemotorcoordinationThedistancesbetweenlinesonapagearepurposelywidesochildrencanfitthelettersintothespaceIfpaperwithnarrowlinesisinitiallyintroduced,students'letterswouldspilloverthebordersandstudentsmightbecomefrustratedOncestudentscanformletterswithinthelargerborders,theycanusepaperwithsmallerborderstohelpthemrefinetheirskillsThefatiguemethodcanbeappliedwhendiscipliningdisruptivestudentswhobuildpaperairplanesandsailthemacrosstheroomTheteachercanremovethestudentsfromtheclassroom,Wethemalargestackofpaper,andtellthemtostartmakingpaperairplanesAfterthestudentshavemadeseveralairplanes,theactivityshouldloseitsattractionandpaperwillbecomeacuefornotbuildingairplanesSomestudentscontinuallyracearoundthegymwhentheyfirstentertheirphysicaleducationclassToemploythefatiguemethod,theteachermightdecidetohavethesestudentscontinuetorunafewmorelapsaftertheclasshasbegunTheincompatibleresponsemethodcanbeusedwithstudentswhotalkandmisbehaveinthemediacenterReadingisincompatiblewithtalkingThemediacenterteachermightaskthestudents'tofindinterestingbooksandreadthemwhileinthecenterAssumingthatthestudentSfindthebooksenjoyable,themediacenterwill,overtime,becomeacueforselectingandreadingbooksratherthanfortalkingwithotherstudentsInasocialstudiesclasssomestudentsregularlyfallasleepTheteacherrealizedthatusingtheboardandoverheadprojectorwhilelecturingwasveryboringSoontheteacherbegantoincorporateotherelementsintoeachlesson,suchasexperiments,videotapes,anddebates,inanattempttoinvolvsstudentsandraisetheirinterestinthecourseThepurposeofthispassageistoAinformBpersuadeCdebateDnarrateGuthrieidentifiedthreemethodsforAeducatingstudentsBalteringbadhabitsCavoidingundesiredactionDforminggoodhobbiesWhichofthefollowingisnottheexampleofapplyingthethresholdmethodAParentsintroducespinachinsmallbitesormixedwithafoodthanthechildenjoysovertimesothatthechildwillnotrefusetoeatitBTeachersintroduceacademiccontentinshortblocksoftimeforyoungchildrenandgraduallyincreasesessionlengthbutnottowherestudentsbecomefrustratedorboredCPaperwithwiderlinesisfirstusedandthenpaperwithnarrowlinesisintroducedstepbysteptohelpchildrenlearnprintingandhandwritingDAchildmightbemadetothrowtoysuntilitisnolongerfanbyhisparentsinordertochangehisbehaviorofrepeatedlythrowingtoysTostopsnackingwhilewatchingtelevision,peopleshouldkeeptheirhandsbusybysewing,painting,workingcrosswordpuzzles,andsoforthOvertimewatchingTVbecomesacueforengaginginanactivityotherthansnac'kingWhatmethodisusedinthisexampleAThethresholdmethodBThefatiguemethodCTheincompatibleresponsemethodDThepunishmentmethodWecandrawtheconclusionfromthepassagethatATheincompatibleresponsemethodistoforcechildtomakeunwantedresponserepeatedlyinpresenceofstimulusuntilheorshebecomesexhaustedBThethresholdmethodreferstointroducingundesiredbehaviorwitharesponseincompatiblewiththeundesiredresponsesotheycannotbeperformedsimultaneouslyCThefatiguemethodmeansthatengaginginthebehavioristransformdeintoavoidingitbyintroducingthestimulusatfullstrengthsoitbecomesacuefornotperformingitDThefatiguemethodisthatinpresenceofstimulusteachershavechildmakeresponseincompatiblewithunwantedresponsePassageTheincreaseinglobaltrademeansthatinternationalcompaniescannotaffordtomakecostlyadvertisingmistakesiftheywanttobecompetitiveUnderstandingthelanguageandcultureoftargetmarketsinforeigncountriesisoneofthekeystosuccessfulinternationalmarketingToomanycompanies,however,havejumpedintoforeignmarketswithembarrassingwraltsTranslationmistakesareattheheartofmanyblundersininternationaladvertisingGeneralMotors,theUSautomanufacturer,gotacostlylessonwhenitintroduceditsChevroleNovatothePuertoRicanmarket"Nova"isLatinfornew(star)"andmeans"star"inmanylanguages,butinspokenSpanishitcansoundlike"nova",meaning"itdoesn'tgo"FewpeoplewantedtobuyacarwiththatcursedmeaningWhenGMchangedthenametoCaribe,salespickedup"dramaticallyMarketingblundershavealsobeenmadebyfoodandbeveragecompaniesneAmericanfoodcompany'sfriendly"JollyGreenGiant"(foradvertising,egetables)becamesomethingquitedifferentwhenitwastranslatedintoArabicas"IntimidatingGreenOgre"WhentranslatedintoGermanPepsi'spopularslogan,"ComeAlivewithPepsi"cameoutimplying"ComeAlivefromtheGrave"NowondercustomersinGermanydidn'trushouttobuyPepsiSuccessfulinternationalmarketingdoesn'tstopwithgoodranslafions,otheraspectsofculturemustberesearchedandunderstoodffaarketersaretoavoidblundersWhenmarketersdonotunderstandandappreciatethevalues,tastes,geography,climate,superstitions,religion,oreconomyofaculture,theyfailtocapturetheirtargetmarketForexample,anAmericandesignertriedtointroduceanewpentareihtotheLatinAmericanmarketbuttheproductarousedlittleinterestThemailreasonwasthatthecamelliausedinitwastraditionallyusedforfuneralsinmanySouthAmericancountriesHavingawakenedtothespecialnatureofforeignadvertising,companiesarebecomingmuchmoreconscientiousintheirtranslationsandmoresensitivetoculturaldistinctionsThebestwaytopreventerrorsistohireprofessionaltranslatorswhounderstandthetargetlanguageanditsidiomaticusage,ortouseatechniquecalled"backtranslation"toreducethepossibilityofblundersTheprocessusesonepersontotranslateamessageintothetargetlanguageandanothertotranslateitbackEffectivetranslatorsaimtocapturethe,overallmessageofanadvertisementbecauseawordforwordduplicationoftheoriginalrarelyconveystheintendedmeaningandoftencausesmisunderstandingsIndesigningadvertisementsforothercountries,messagesneedtobeshotandsimpleTheyshouldalsoavoidjokes,sincewhatisconsideredfunnyinonepartoftheworldmaynotbesohumorousinanotherThebesttitleofthispassagemightbeACultureIsVeryImportantiaAdvertishagBAvoidCulturalMisunderstandingbetweenNationsCOvercomeCulturalShockinDifferentCountriesDAdvertisementsReflectVariousLifeStylesWhatdoestheword"blunder"meaninthispassageAhesitationBmistakeCstutterDdefaultWhichofthefollowingstatementscanbeusedtosummarizethegistfromParagraphtoParagraphACulturalshocksBFaultytranslationsCAvoidculturaloversightsDPreventblundersWecanlearnfromthecontextinParagraphthattheword"ca"mostprobablymeanAananimalusedinperfumeforitssmellBapieceoffabricusedbothinperfumeandatfuneralsCaflowerusedinperfumeforitsfragranceandusedforfuneralsDannrnamentusedinprefumeandatfuneralsOnewaytopreventerrorsinadvertisingindifferentcountriesistoAfirethetranslatorswhodon'tknowthetargetlanguageBusethetechniquecalled"literaltranslation"toreducethepossibilityofblundersCavoidculturaloversightsandavoidcertainjokesDexplainindetailswhendesigningadvertisementforothercountriesPassageItisnotunusualforchiefexecutivestocollectmillionsofdollarsayearinpay,stockoptions,andbonusesInthelastfifteenyears,whileexecutiveremunerationrose,taxesinthehighestincomebracketwentdownMillionairesarenowcommonplaceAmiabilityisnotaprerequisiteforrisingtothetop,andthereareanumberofchiefexecutiveofficerswithlegendarybadtempersItisnottheboss'sjobtoworryaboutthewellbeingofhissubordinatesalthoughthemanwithmanyenemieswi!!besweptoutmorequicklyinhardtimesitisthecompanyheworriesaboutHisbusinesssavvyissupposedtobebasedonintimateknowledgeofhiscompanyandtheindustrysohegoeshomenightlywithafullbriefcaseAttheverytopandonthewayupexecutivesareexceedinglydedicatedTheAmericanexecutivemustbecapableofenoughsmalltalktogethimthroughthesocialpartofhisschedule,butheisprobablynotahighlyculturedindividualoranintellectualAlthoughhiswifemaybeontheboardofthesymphonyoropera,hehimselfhaslittletimeforsuchpursuitsHisreadingmaylargelyconcernbusinessandmanagement,despiteinterestsinotherfieldsGolfprovideshimwithasportiveoutletthatcombineswithsomeusefulsocializingThesedays,heprobablyattemptssomeformofaerobicex

VIP免券下载文档

用户评价(0)

关闭

新课改视野下建构高中语文教学实验成果报告(32KB)

抱歉,积分不足下载失败,请稍后再试!

提示

试读已结束,如需要继续阅读或者下载,敬请购买!

文档小程序码

使用微信“扫一扫”扫码寻找文档

1

打开微信

2

扫描小程序码

3

发布寻找信息

4

等待寻找结果

我知道了
评分:

/11

2004年人大考博英语真题

VIP

在线
客服

免费
邮箱

爱问共享资料服务号

扫描关注领取更多福利