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首页 A-Guide-to-Professional-and-Personal-Well-Being-…

A-Guide-to-Professional-and-Personal-Well-Being-of-Seafarers-on-Ships.pdf

A-Guide-to-Professional-and-Per…

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简介:本文档为《A-Guide-to-Professional-and-Personal-Well-Being-of-Seafarers-on-Shipspdf》,可适用于工程科技领域

AFreeGuideforMaritimeProfessionalswwwmarineinsightcomAGuidetoProfessionalPersonalWellBeingofSeafarersonShipsMarineInsight©AGuidetoProfessionalandPersonalWellBeingofSeafarersonShipsPublicationdate:AprilEditor:RaunekKanthariaPublishedby:MarineInsightwwwmarineinsightcomGraphicDesign:AnishWankhedePhotoCourtesy:SohitShukla,AnilSamotra,ArjunKalraCopyrightMarineInsightNOTICEOFRIGHTSAllrightsreservedNopartofthisbookmayberewritten,reproduced,storedinaretrievalsystem,transmittedordistributedinanyformormeans,withoutpriorwrittenpermissionofthepublisherNOTICEOFLIABILITYTheauthorsandeditorshavemadeeveryeffortpossibletoensuretheaccuracyoftheinformationprovidedinthebookNeithertheauthorsandMarineInsight,noreditorsordistributors,willbeheldliableforanydamagescausedeitherdirectlyorindirectlybytheinstructionscontainedinthisbook,ortheequipment,tools,ormethodsdescribedhereinOurOtherFreeeBooksGettheseebookshereContentsIntroductionLifeatSeaMainReasonsSeafarersQuitSeaJobsHowtodealwitheffectsofhecticlifeonboardshipsHowtoStayFitandFocusedonShipsHowtoTackleOnboardPoliticsHowtoDealwithDifficultSeafarersonShipsImprovingInterpersonalRelationshiponShipsProfessionalMistakesSeafarersShouldNevermakeonshipLackofSocialLifeImportanceofshoreleaveTakingcareofHealthFatigueGeneralHealthGeneralInformationLifeatseaWorkingasseafarersonboardshipsrequireslivingalifestyleunlikeanyotherTravelingtonewshores,meetingnewpeople,andworkingonsomeofthemosttechnologicallysophisticatedfloatingstructures,thejobofaseafarerisoneofthemostintriguingandinterestingonesWorkingonshipsprovidesseveralbenefitstoseafarersSomeofthemainonesare:Opportunitiestoexplorenewcountries:PeopleworkingonshipsgettoexperienceexoticdestinationstravelingacrosstheworldSincejobsinmerchantnavyrequireanindividualtospendextendedperiodsoftimeatseavisitingnewplaces,thereisnodearthofopportunitieswhenitcomestoexploringnewcountriesLucrativejobs:AverybigincentiveforthoseworkingatseaistheextremelygoodpaypackagesandsalariesMerchantnavyoffershighpaymentscales,evenforfreshentrantsintheprofessionThepaymentscalesaresetaspertheexistingIMO(InternationalMaritimeOrganization)andILO(InternationalLabourOrganization)lawsAdditionally,thesalaryinmerchantnavyalsovariesfromcompanytocompanyandonthebasisofthequalificationandthepositionheldbyanindividualAdventurouslifestyle:AcareerinmerchantnavyislikehavingadventuresonadaytodaybasisIt’sanadventurouslifeoutthereLifeonshipisnotforthosewholikeninetofivejobsTheworkingconditionandthesituationswhichonefacesatseaprovideexperiencesofutmostadventuroustypesEnhancesprofessionalismandteamwork:WorkingatseaenablesindividualstofunctionbetterasaunitMerchantmarinersarerequiredtopossessgoodcommunicationskillsandextremeresourcefulness,alongwithfollowingandmaintaininghighdisciplineThesequalitiesarefurtherhonedwhenapersonspendsconsiderableamountoftimefunctioningasapartofanovelteamatthehighseasOpportunitytoworkwithpeoplefromdifferentcultures:AprofessionalinvolvedinamerchantmarinecareergetstomeetandminglewithpeopleofdifferentculturesandnationalitiesThishelpstheindividualtounderstandandfunctionbetterasateamplayerandlearnthenuancesofdifferentculturesandtraditionsatthesametimeThereareseveralotherbenefitsofworkingonships,apartfromthosementionedaboveHowever,inspiteofhighlylucrativejobs,adventurousworkingenvironment,anda“globetrotting”lifestyle,lifeatseahasafewdrawbackswhichmakeseafarersquitsailingafteracertainpointoftimeThistrendisontheriseandisnowbeingseeninseveralcountriesaroundtheworld“Apersonnotonlyevolvesprofessionallybutalsopersonallywhileworkinginmerchantnavy”VISITeBOOKSTOREMainReasonsSeafarersQuitSeaJobsHecticLife:OnecannotdenythefactthatlifeonboardshipshasbecomeextremelyhecticWithmorestringentmaritimeregulationscomingupeachyear,lifeasaseafarerhasbecomeincreasinglyhectic,laborious,andmonotonousIncreaseinpaperwork,advancedtrainingguidelines,newcodes,andrigoroussafetyandenvironmentallawshavemadethelivesofseafarersextremelyhecticonboardshipsMoreover,manyseafarershavealsostatedpoormanagementofmanpoweronboardshipsasareasonforincreaseinworkloadNeedlesstosay,thealreadyhecticlifeonshipsisbecomingevenmorehecticeveryyearOnboardpolitics:Nomatterhowhardseafarerstrytostayawayfromprofessionalorpersonalpoliticsonboardships,itwillgettothemsoonerorlaterPoliticsandconflictsonshipsnotonlymakeitdifficulttoworkbutalsotosocializewithinthealreadysmallgroupofpeopleonboardMoreover,thereisaverythinlinebetweenprofessionalandpersonallifeonshipsThismakesitevenmoredifficulttoavoidaswellasdealwithpoliticsorconflictsarisingasaresultofdifferencesinopinionsOneneedsgreatdetermination,patience,andskillstodealwithdifficultpeopleonboardships,especiallyafterhavingprofessionalpersonalargumentsLackofSocialLife:AlmosteveryonewhojoinsshipsisbroughtupinasocialenvironmentsincebirthWhensuchpeoplearesuddenlyexposedtoconfinedspacesofshipswithalmostnegligiblesociallife,negativeeffectssuchasfrustration,loneliness,andhomesicknessstarttakingatollonthemInitiallythelifeonshipmightnotseembad,butastimepasses,asenseofemptinessstartscreepinginLackofinteractionwithpeopleandlimitationsonphysicalmovementmakelifemoremiserableonboardIttakesalotofcourageandmentalsteadinesstokeepacalmandfocusedmindonshipManyseafarerseventuallyquitbecauseofthisreasonAwayfromtheFamily:Thoughmostoftheseafarerscandigestthefactofstayingawayfromfriendsforfewmonthswhensailing,partingawayfromthefamilyformonthstogetheriswhatteartheirheartsapartSomemighthavejuststartedtheirmarriedlifewhileotherswouldhaverecentlyexperiencedparenthood,missingthosepreciousmomentswiththeirlovedonesforwhomtheycarethemost,iswhathurtsseafarerstothecoreNoseafarerwantstomissspendingtimewithhiswifeorseehissonordaughtergrowoldwithouthimbeingaroundItisthenthatseafarersrealizetheimportanceof“familylife”and“lovedones”ThepainofstayingawayformonthsisalsooneofthemainreasonsseafarersquitseajobsCrewworkingatanchorstationVISITeBOOKSTOREHealthIssues:SailingonshipsrequiresmeetingstringentmedicalandhealthrequirementsAsstrictastherulestobemeetbeforejoiningtheshipare,it’sanironythatlifeonboardshipisnotevenclosetohealthyErraticsleepingschedule,excessiveworkingstress,unfriendlyenvironment,unavailabilityoffreshfood,andinadequatemedicalfacilitiesdrasticallyaffectseafarers’healthMoreoverseveralseafarersalsohavetoquitsailingoncetheyarediagnosedwithconditionswhichmightrequireimmediateattentionintimesofmedicalemergencyManyalsocomplainabouttheincreasingdifferencebetweenworkandresthours,inspiteoflawsdemandingproperdistributionofthemReducingshoreleaves:OneofthemainreasonspeoplejoinmerchantnavyistheluretoseetheworldHowever,inthepastfewyearstherehavebeenasuddenreductioninshoreleavesthatarebeinggrantedtotheseafarersWithfasterturnaroundtimeofshipsatportsandscheduledmaintenanceprocedures,seafarersarenotallowedtogooutonportsAlso,manyVLCCsandlargecapacityshipsdon’tevencometotheportfordischargingorloading,givingnochancetoseafarerstorefreshthemselvesawayfromtheship’senvironmentSuchconsistentsailingwithlessornegligibleopportunitiesforshoreleaveshavefrustratedseveralseafarerswhohaveeventuallyquitsailingStringentMaritimeLaws:LawsintheshippingindustryarebecomingstringenteveryyearOfficersatthemanagementlevelaretheoneswhooftenbearthebruntoftheselawsandarethereforeconstantlyatstresswhilesailingThishasbeenoneofthemainreasonsfortheacutedearthofmaritimeprofessionalsatthemanageriallevelApartfromtheabovementionedreasons,seafarershavestatedseveralotherfactorswhichforcethemtoquitsailingHowever,theabovementionedonesarethemostcommonlystatedonesbyprofessionalsacrossallranksSeveralstepshavebeentakenaroundtheworldtoreducetheattritionrateintheshippingindustryFromimprovingthequalityoflifeonboardshiptoprovidingfinancialincentives,shippingcompaniesaretryingallthewayspossibletopreventseafarersfromquittingthefieldHowever,thisalonewouldnotsufficeSeafarersknowthatworkingonboardshipsinachallengewhichcannotbecompensatedwithanynumberoffinancialincentivesWorkingonboardshipsrequiresseafarerstoembraceaworkingenvironmentandlifestylewhichcannotbeescapedItisthereforeimperativeforseafarerstomakepersonaleffortstomakethebestoutoftheirgreatcareerandlifestyleSTSOperationawayfromPortVISITeBOOKSTOREHowtoDealwithEffectsofHecticLifeonBoardShipsAsmaritimeregulationsbecomestringentdayafterday,thelifeonboardshipshasbecomehecticandstressfulSomeseafarersevenfeelthatnewregulationsliketheISMCodehasincreasedtheworkloadonboardships,especiallyrelatedtodocumentationWiththesuddenincreasein“paperwork”,someevenfeelthatthereisaneedforanewrankonboardshipsThereareseveralchallengesofashippingjobandmentalstressisoneofthemainonesSomeofthemainreasonsandsymptomsofphysicalandpsychologicalstressonboardshipare:•Lackofinterestinwork•Lackofmotivation•Shorttemper•Carelessmistakeswhiledoingwork•Tendencytotakeshortcutstofinishwork•Frustration•Lackofseriousnesstowardsonesdutiesandonboardsafety•Tendencytoblamejuniorsorcolleaguesformistakes•Frequentabsencefromworkplace•MakingprofessionalmistakesMainreasonsthatleadtoabovementionedproblemsare:•Shortageofmanpowerbecauseoflesscrewmembers•Frequentcallingatport(Dutiesatportrequiremostphysicaleffortsandlongworkinghours)•Personalorfamilyproblems•Longworkinghours•Homesickness•Notbeingrelievedontimebythecompany•Workpressure•Unfriendlyworkingenvironment•Differencesofopinionconflictswithcolleagues•Unavailabilityofnecessaryprovisions•Dissatisfiedwithcompanypolicy•DissatisfiedwithqualityoffoodStressonShipVISITeBOOKSTORE•Rejectedfrompromotion,salaryorleave•DissatisfiedwithfacilitiesprovidedonboardegentertainmentfacilitiesLonganduncertainworkinghourshavebeenoneofthemainreasonsofstressonboardshipsThisleadstoimbalanceinhumanbiologicalclockcausedbecauseoflackofproperworkandresthoursscheduleBecauseofsuchcontinuousstress,seafarersareoftenseenresortingtoalcoholismandsmokinginspiteofcompanypoliciesprohibitinguseofsuchelementsProlongedstageoffrustrationandstresscanbeextremelyharmfultobothphysicalandmentalhealthofseafarersContinuouspsychologicalstresscanleadtothefollowingeffects:•Repeatingofthesamemistakes•Reducedworkefficiency•Reclusivebehaviorneglectinginteractionwithcrewmemberswithdrawalsymptoms•Refusaltofollowinstructions•Negligencetowardsduties•MakingseriousoffensesagainstlawThoughthereisverylittlethatcanbedonetoavoidthehecticlifeonships,alotcanbedonepreventtheilleffectsofship'sstrenuouslifestyleThekindofstressaseafarerfacesisvastlydifferentfromthekindofstresspeopleinregularjobsfaceAndthemajordifferenceisthefactthattheseafarersaremilesawayfromtheirfamilyHavingfamilynearintimesofextremestresscanhelpanindividualtoacethesituationwithamuchmorepositiveoutlookButwithlackoflovedonesaround,aseamanoftenhastotackletheproblemaloneAlsotheconcernofleavingthefamilybehindcanitselfleadtomanymentaltensionsApartfromlackoffamily,lackofgoodqualitysleepandfood,changingweatherconditionswhichcanleadtodifficultiesinnavigation,porttoportinspections,changingcrewaftereveryfewmonthsaresomeofthekeystressinducersAsthestressrises,theamountoffatigueandfrustrationwiththejobalsorisesThiscanhampertheworkingperformanceoftheseamanandleadtomanyaccidentsandclashesamongstthecrewAseamanundergoingastressfulconditionmustfirstbringintotheattentionofthemasterandthemanagementwhichcanthenbetackledIfthequalityoflivingconditionsonboardisnotuptothestandard,thepeoplelivingontheshiparenevergoingtobeinahappystateofmindThemanagementshouldtakemeasurestoensurethatthequalityofaccommodationCrewAccommodationVISITeBOOKSTOREalongwiththekindoffoodhecrewreceivesisofgoodqualitysothatthebasicrequirementoftheseamenismetBettermeansofcommunicationonboardcanalsohelptheseafarersbeinregulartouchwiththeirfamilieswhichcanhelpthemsharetheirproblemswiththeirlovedonesandalsoeliminatetheconcernofthembeingfarawayBesidesthisitisofvitalimportancethatseamenadoptahealthyandholisticapproachtostressmanagementAproperdietalongwithahealthyexerciseregimencancombatstresswhichcanresultinamuchmoreoptimisticapproachtowardsworkMakingaprovisionforextraofficersandskilledcrewcanalsohelptheseamentogetridoftheirexcessworkloadAlighterworkloadcangivethemmoretimeforotheractivitieswhichcanhelpreducethestresssignificantlyAlongwithallthisprovidingvariousmeansofrecreationalactivitieslikeswimming,games,moviesetcwillpromoteahealthierandentertainingenvironmentwhichcantakeone’smindoffstressAstressfreeworkenvironmentmayseemlikeadistantrealitywhenitcomestothemerchantnavyprofessionbutbytakingsmallstepsliketheseandmakinganinitiativemightresultinabiggerchangethanonehopedfor“ThepathtofghtandmanagethestressonboardbeginswiththesuccessfulrecognitionofitsexistenceWithoutacknowledgingthepresenceofthestressor,theexpectationofastressfreeworkingenvironmentisuseless”IndianCrewCelebratingIndependencedayonshipVISITeBOOKSTOREHowtoStayFitandFocusedonShipsHecticworkschedulesandstressmakeseafarersapartofthe‘unhealthy’population,whichisontheriseOfcourseifstayingfitandbeingactivewaseasy,thiswouldn’thavebeenthecaseWorkingonshipsisachallengingjobasit’smentallytiringandphysicallyexhaustingStressandprofessionalwoesbreakdownthebody’senergylevelsThetirednessissomuchthattheseafarersareunabletostumbleontimetotakeastrollinfreshairorevenhitthegymThisleadstoincreaseinthelevelofphysicalandpsychologicalstressofseafarersOfcourse,suchfrenziedworkaffectstheseafarerbut“prioritizingwhat’simportant”isstillrelevantforthe‘overclocking’brainsandtomakethestruggleeasierSurelyanyonecanspendatleastminsadayontheirphysicalandmentalimprovementratherthanworkingdeadbolts,butonboardthatisnotthecase,mostlyInsteadthefolkshavenochoiceleftotherthangivingpreferencetogrubintotheirdailymeals,playingdeadduetofatiguebyspringingintoandofftheirbedsandthenagain,stumblingbackintotheirdailyshipboardroutinesWhetherit'sstressortimemanagement,seafarersneedtoworktowardsbreakingdownthementalwallswhileatseaandthusstayingfitMoreover,asdiscussedearliermostoftheseafarersstrugglewithasedentarylifestyleTheyneverfallintothetractionnoradheretotheirgoalsofstayingFITThisiscompletelynormalastheyareawareofhestressfuljobVeryfewseafarerstaketimeofftheirdailyroutinesandinvestinhealthThosewhodoso,haveaninspiringattitudeSubsequently,itmaybesothatothersmightfeelencouragedandfollowsuitAndforthoseseafarerswhoarestillcontemplatingandgivingexcusesherearesomethingstoremember:StayEngagedStayMotivated:Withtheincreasingamountofinternetusagethere’smoreinformationandadvicethanyoucouldeverpossiblymakeuseofTheideaistonotonlyseizetheinformationbutalsoremainengagedandadheredtothegoals!ThisdefinitelyrequirestohavetherightattitudeinlifealongwithgreatdeterminationandpatienceStartsmall:Let’ssay,youhadinthehoursoftheactualrestperioddecidedthatitwaspossibleto

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