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首页 MARITIME-INDUSTRY-IN-2012

MARITIME-INDUSTRY-IN-2012.pdf

MARITIME-INDUSTRY-IN-2012

freedr163
2013-10-01 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《MARITIME-INDUSTRY-IN-2012pdf》,可适用于工程科技领域

MARITIMEINDUSTRYININSIGHTSOFUPCOMINGEVENTS,AMENDMENTSANDTRENDSSharethisebookINTRODUCTIONhasbeenayearofseveralupsanddownsforthemaritimeindustryFromfluctuationsintheglobaleconomyandoilratestocrisesintheEuropeanUnion,everysingleeventhasaffectedtheshippingindustryinsomeortheotherwayTheyearhasalsoseensomeimportantannouncementsandchangesthroughintroductionofnewgreentechnologiesandconceptsforamoreenvironmentalfriendlyshippingindustry,alongwithenvironmentallawsamendedandstructuredforfutureregulationsTheShippingIndustryhasimmenseexpectationsfromtheYearEveryonewantstheNewYeartobeofbeneficialgrowthandcommendableachievementforallthesectorsofthemaritimeindustryInthisbook,weprovideaglimpseofalltheimportanteventsanddecisionsthatwouldshapetheMaritimeindustryintheyeartocomeThisbookiswhattheMaritimeIndustrywillbeintheyearFollowusSharethisebookINTERNATIONALMARITIMEORGANIZATIONWewillstartoffwiththemostimportantorganizationandtheprimegoverningbodyoftheglobalmaritimetransportationsector–InternationalMaritimeOrganization(IMO)•OneofthemajorchangeswithintheIMOinwillbetheappointmentofthenewsecretaryKojiSekimizuofJapanHewillreplaceMrEfthimiosMitropoulosandtakeonthedutiesfromthestdayof(LefttorightMrEfthimiosEMitropoulosHisRoyalHighnessPrinceMohammedbinNawafbinAbdulAzizAlSaud,MrKojiSekimizu)•TheAssemblyoftheInternationalMaritimeOrganizationelectedthefollowingStatestobeMembersofitsCouncilforthebienniumdividedintothreecategories:Category(a)includesStateswiththelargestinterestinprovidinginternationalshippingservices:China,Greece,Italy,Japan,Norway,Panama,RepublicofKorea,RussianFederation,UnitedKingdom,andUnitedStatesSharethisebookCategory(b)includesStateswiththelargestinterestininternationalseabornetrade:Argentina,Bangladesh,Brazil,Canada,France,Germany,India,Netherlands,Spain,SwedenCategory(c)includesStatesnotelectedunder(a)or(b)above,whichhavespecialinterestsinmaritimetransportornavigationandwhoseelectiontotheCouncilwillensuretherepresentationofallmajorgeographicareasoftheworldAustralia,Bahamas,Belgium,Chile,Cyprus,Denmark,Egypt,Indonesia,Jamaica,Kenya,Liberia,Malaysia,Malta,Mexico,Morocco,Philippines,Singapore,SouthAfrica,Thailand,Turkey•TheWorldMaritimeDaywillbecelebratedonSeptemberthandyearthemewillbe“IMO:OnehundredyearsaftertheTitanic”inordertofocusontheOrganization’srootsandraisond’être,iesafetyoflifeatsea•In,Seafarers’AwarenessWeekwillbeconductedfromMonday,thJune(DayoftheSeafarer)toSundaystJulySharethisebook•IMOalongwithinternationalLabourOrganizationwillimplementMaritimeLabourConvention(MLC)fortheworld'smorethanmillionseafarersAdoptedin,theConventionisexpectedtocomeintoforcebytheendoforearlyILOmemberStates,representingoverpercentoftheworldgrosstonnageofships,arenowpartiestotheConventionAdditionalratificationswillbeobtainedinthefollowingthreetosixmonthsofmakingitpossiblefortheMLC,toenterintoforceinearlyMaritime“TheInternationalMaritimeOrganization(IMO),formerlyknownastheInterGovernmentalListofRatificationsofInternationalLabourConventionsMaritimeConsultativeOrganization(IMCO),wasestablishedinGenevain,andcameintoforcetenyearslater,meetingforthefirsttimeinTheIMCOnamewaschangedtoIMOin”SharethisebookMARITIMEPIRACYTheyearsawsomeoftheworstactivitiesrelatedtoMaritimePiracyTheseeventswerenotonlyconstrainedtotheregionofSomaliabutwerealsoseeninseveralotherpartoftheworldHowever,theCoastofSomaliaremainedtheprimefocusofpiracyactivitiesattheseaInordertodealwiththismostcriticalissuebotheringthemaritimeworld,theshippingindustryisleavingnostoneunturnedWewilltakeyouthroughalltheimportantforthcomingeventsofwhichwilldealwithsolvingthebiggestproblemmaritimeindustryhaseverfaced–SeaPiracy•ItwasbeingannouncedbyEbyanMahamedSalah,ambassadoroftheRepublicofSomaliainIndia,thatSomaliaGovernmenthasalreadypreparedafullproofmasterplantodisarmandeliminatetheseapiratesofSomalia,claimingaworldfreefromSomaliaPiratesIfthewordsaretrue,thoughsoundtoounrealistic,theyearwillseeSomaliapiratefreeshippingtraderoutesThedeadlinegivenforthisplanisMAY•AnotherRemarkableprogramtoenhancetheMaritimesecurityistheMogadishuRoadmap,whichaimstointegratemaritimesecurityeffortsintoageneralplanforstabilizingSomaliaSharethisebookItdealswithmaritimesecurityissuesandprovidesaframeworkfordevelopingandimplementingan“Effectivemaritimesecurityandcounterpiracypolicyandstrategy”topreventpiracyandprotectSomalia’snaturalresourcesThepolicyistobefinalizedbyJanuaryandastrategyforimplementationofthesameistobedraftedbyMarch•ShippingsectorwillseeadecreaseintheNavalShipsinvolvementforthesecurityandescortofthemerchantshipinthereasonbeingausteritymeasuresenactedandtheneedforvesselstosupportoperationsinLibyaandotherareasintheMiddleEastandNorthAfricaHowever,thiscontradictswiththeabovementionedpointofeliminatingSomaliacoastsfromlocalpiratesasthiswillboostthepiratestoattackmoreshipsplyinginSomaliacoast•MaritimeOperatorsandcompaniesplanstoinvestmoreinMaritimesecurity,whichwillinclude–privatenavyescort,armedguardsonboardship,newonboardtechnologyandequipmenttofightpiracyattacks•IMOisworkingwithanumberofinternationalorganizationstoassessandassistthenationallegislation,focusingonempoweringStates’lawenforcementforcesinordertoconductarrestsandcriminalinvestigationunderitspiracylegislationtomeettheneedsofitslawenforcementandjusticeagenciesSharethisebookWorkshopstoaddresstheprocessofenforcingnationalpiracylawattheseaandthejudicialprocessrequiredtoachieveprosecutionofthepirateshavebeenheldbackthroughoutItisexpectedthatsomestringentlawstoresistpirateswillbeintroducedin•ItishighlyexpectedthatthepremiumforshippinginsurancefortheSeaPiracyPolicywillincreaseintheyearThepremiumratingofallUKPIClubMemberswillbeincreasedbyfromthFebruaryThiswasagreedbytheUKPIClub'sDirectorsattheirmeetinginAthensonthOctoberThisdecisionwastakeninresponsetocontinuingunderlyingclaimsinflationAlthoughthefrequencyofclaimshadreducedsignificantlyin,and,theaveragecostperclaimhascontinuedtoincreaseoverthisperiod•TheCostofGlobalMaritimePiracywasestimatedatbillionUSDfortheyearwhichwillfurtherincreaseabovebillionUSDinThiscostisexclusiveofsecuritymeasures,equipments,andlossofbusinessandmanhoursduetohijacking“Piracyisaseriousissue,butitisalltooeasilyoversimplifiedintermsofnumbersofattacksandresponsesrequiredItisacomplexproblemthatneedstobekeptinperspective”SharethisebookMARITIMESAFETY:SAFETYOFLIFEATSEA(SOLAS)SafetyofLifeatseaisanimportantcodecomprisingofLifeSavingAppliancesandFireFightingAppliancescodesThesecodesaretobefollowedbyallshippingcompaniesandimplementedontheirships,alongwiththelatesttechnologiestominimizetheriskofaccidentsonboardwhileattheseaSOLASisanimportantlegislationofIMOwhichprotectsandenhancesthesafetyoflivesofseafarersItisimperativethatSOLASisreviewedandnewamendmentsareadoptedinthenewyeartoensurethatitrunsparallelwiththelatesttechnologyLet’shavealookonwhatrequirements(adoptionandamendments)areexpectedtocomeintoforceinDifferentamendmentsunderSOLASwhichwillcomeinactionfromstJanare:•ChapterIIRegulation:GasMeasurementandDetection:ThisamendmentrequiresthedoublehullordoublebottomspaceofnewoiltankersDWTandabovetobeprovidedwithaHydrocarbonFixedGasDetectionsystemundertheFSScodebyaddinganewchapterasFixedHydrocarbongasdetectingSystem(LearnmoreaboutFireSafetySystemCode)ThisinstallationisalsoapplicabletochemicaltankersSharethisebook•AmendmenttoFSScodeChapter–SampleExtractionandSmokeDetectionSystemwhereinthechapteriscompletelyrevisedtodefineitmuchclearfordesignandinstallationpurposeThiswillbeapplicabletoshipsconstructedonorafterstJan•NewSOLASregulationIIonCorrosionandfireprotectionofcargooiltanksofcrudeoiltankers,torequireallsuchtankstobeprotectedagainstcorrosion,withrelatedperformancestandardsalsoadopted•AmendmentofSOLASChapterIILSAcodesectionand:WeightofpersonalhasbeenincreasedfromkgtokgonanaverageforallLifeboatfittedafteroronstJan•Goalbasedstandards:InternationalGoalbasedShipConstructionStandardsforBulkCarriersandOilTankers,alongwithamendmentstoChapterIIThenewSOLASregulationIIwillapplytooiltankersandbulkcarriersofminlengthandaboveItwillrequirenewshipstobedesignedandconstructedforaspecifieddesignlifeandtobesafeandenvironmentallyfriendly,inintactandspecifieddamageconditions,throughouttheirlifeUndertheregulation,shipsshouldhaveadequatestrength,integrityandstabilitytominimizetheriskoflossoftheshiporpollutiontothemarineenvironmentduetostructuralfailure,includingcollapse,resultinginfloodingorlossofwatertightintegritySharethisebookDifferentamendmentsunderSOLASwhichwillcomeinactionfromstJulyare:•SOLASChapterII:MandatoryrequirementoffixedfiredetectionandfirefightingsystemintheenclosedspacecontainingincineratorforallpassengerandcargoshipwhosekeelislaidonorafterstJuly•SOLASChapterV:BridgeNavigationalWatchAlarmSystem(BNWAS)shallbeoperationalinallpassengerandcargoships•SOLASChapterVRegulation:ElectronicChartDisplayandInformationSystem(ECDIS)ismustonbridgeandnolongeranoptionforpassengervesselkeellaidonorafterstJulyandwhichareGTandaboveForChemicalandoiltankerofGTandabove,whosekeellaidisonorafterstJuly,sameregulationwillbeapplicable•SOLASChapterVRegulation:AllPassengerShipsirrespectiveoftonnageandCargoshipsGTandabovearerequiredtocarryAutomaticIdentificationSystemonboardships•SOLASChapterRegulation:EnhancedsafetymeasuresforPilothoistingwithmechanicalhoistarrangementnolongerbeusedTheshipsidedoorforPilotsshouldnotopenoutwards•SOLASFSSCodeChapter:Manualcallpointsanddetectorshallberemotelyandindividuallyidentifiable“SafetydoesnotjusthappenItistherewardofcarethoughtandgoodorganization”SharethisebookMARINEPOLLUTIONMARPOLInternationalConventionforthePreventionofPollutionfromShips,asmodifiedbytheProtocoloforMARPOLisaguidelineforshipstopreventmarinepollutionWithmoreandmoreshipstravellinginhighseas,themarinebiologyhasbeenaffecteddrasticallyandmanyspeciesarenowontheedgeofextinctionMARPOLisamendedtimetotimetominimizeortoeliminatethepossibilityofdeteriorationofMarineLifeduetomarinepollution•FromstdayofiestJan,theglobalsulphurcapforunderMARPOLAnnexVItoreduceharmfulSoxemissionfromshipwillbereducedfromto•AnewformofCertificatetobecarriedbyshipsunderAnnexVIofMARPOLfromstFebmandatorytoallshipsGTandaboveSharethisebook•HeavyfueloilhasbeenbannedinAntarcticawitheffectfromstAugustunderAnnexVIMARPOLtocreateanewemissioncontrolledareain(ECA)NorthAmerica,CanadaandHawaiianwatersThisECAwilltakeeffectfromstAugust•TheSulphurcontentofMarineGasoilwillbereducedtofromcurrentfromstAugustinCaliforniaunderAnnexVIofMARPOL•MarineEnvironmentalProtectionCommitteeagreeduponaworkplantocoverEEDIaspershiptypeandsize(notincludedincurrentplan)whichisscheduledforFebMar“Wemustbecertainthattherepairtotheenvironmentissufficienttoallowwildspeciestorecoverandsurvive”SharethisebookOTHERIMPORTANTCODEANDCONVENTIONSIMSBCCode:AstheBulkCarrier(BC)CodehasbeenreplacedbyInternationalMaritimeSolidBulkCargo(IMSBC)code,theamendmentlikenewadditionofschedules(WoodproductSchedulegeneral,classifiedasGroupBcargo)willbeappliedbysomecontractinggovernmentsonvoluntarybasisfromstJanIMDGCode:AmendmentintheInternationalMaritimeDangerousGoods(IMDG)codewillcomeineffectfromstJanwhichincludesadditionofnewcargoes,newdefinitionandspecialprovisiontocarrysomespecifiedcargo,packingandmarkingetcFTPCode:FireTestProcedurecodehasbeenamendedwhichwillcomeintoactionfromstJulyandwhichincludesamendmentsinthemethodsoffiretestingprocedure,newtimeperiodforexpiryofthecertificate(years)etcAllTestLaboratoriesandmanufacturershavetocomplywiththenewFTPcodeCSC:ConventionofSafeContainers(CSC)hasbeenamendedandwillcomeineffectfromstJanItincludesnewregulationfortesting,inspection,maintenance,safetyandtestrequirements,controlandverificationetcThisamendedcodeisapplicabletoallshippingcontainerandshipowners,andcontainermanufacturersmustfollowthenewCSCSTCWCode:TheoriginalStandardfortraining,CertificationandWatchkeeping(STCW)hasbeencompletelyrevisedinManilaconferenceinManilaConferenceandnowpopularlyknownas–STCWManilaThiswillcomeinforcefromstJanForcompleteDetailpleaseReadSTCWManilaAmendmentsSharethisebookSHIPPINGTRADEANALYSISContainerShippingHopingforaBetterYear,allMajorshippingcompaniesareplanninginthebestpossiblemannerGiantslikeMediterraneanShippingCoandCMACGMSA,theworld’ssecondandthirdlargestcontainershippingowners,agreedtoavesselsharingaccordonthesamevoyagetocurbfallingratesamidslowingdemandgr

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