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Marine-Engineer-ebook

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简介:本文档为《Marine-Engineer-ebookpdf》,可适用于工程科技领域

wwwmarineinsightcomMarineEngineer'sHandbookAResourceGuidetoMarineEngineeringMarineInsight©AResourceGuidetoMarineEngineeringPublicationdate:JuneAuthor:RaunekKanthariaEditor:RaunekKanthariaPublishedby:MarineInsight©wwwmarineinsightcomGraphicDesign:AnishWankhede(copyrightsymbol)CopyrightMarineInsightNOTICEOFRIGHTSAllrightsreservedNopartofthisbookmayberewritten,reproduced,storedinaretrievalsystem,transmittedordistributedinanyformormeans,withoutpriorwrittenpermissionofthepublisherNOTICEOFLIABILITYTheauthorsandeditorshavemadeeveryeffortpossibletoensuretheaccuracyoftheinformationprovidedinthebookNeithertheauthorsandMarineInsight,noreditorsordistributors,willbeheldliableforanydamagescausedeitherdirectlyorindirectlybytheinstructionscontainedinthisbook,ortheequipment,tools,ormethodsdescribedhereinOurOtherFreeeBooksGetAlltheFreeeBooksbySubscribingtoMarineInsighthereMarineEngineeringvsNauticalScienceEnginevsDeckDepartmentHowtoBecomeMarineEngineerHierarchy inEngineDepartmentImportantDocumentsforMarineEngineersImportantCoursesforMarineEngineersImportantBooksforMarineEngineersFurtherStudiesforMarineEngineersMarineEngineeringResourcesCONTENTInordertohaveasuccessfulcareeratsea,itisimportantyoumaketherightdecisionsatthestartDegreesinnauticalscienceormarineengineeringaretwowaysinwhichonecangetajobonshipsHowever,choosingbetweenengineanddeckdepartmentsisonesuchdecisionthatoftenbothersstudentsTherehavebeenseveralcaseswhereinstudentshavetakenupdeckorenginesidejusttorealizelaterthattheyaremoreinclinedtowardssomethingelseItisthereforeextremelyimportantthatoneknowsinadvancewhatfieldtheyaregoingtopursueandwhatjobtheywouldbedoinglateronshipsSowhatisthedifferencebetweennauticalscienceandmarineengineeringHowwouldyouknowwhichonetochooseandwhattoexpectfromeachDifferencebetweenMarineEngineeringandNauticalScienceDegreesMarineEngineeringMarineengineeringisafieldthatdealswiththeengineeringaspectofthemaritimeindustryLikeanyconventionalengineeringcourse,marineengineeringisafouryearcoursewhichpreparesanindividualtobecomeanengineeronshipsMarineengineeringisallaboutmachineryonships,boats,yachts,oranyseagoingvesselThereareseveralothertechnicalstreamsthatsproutoutfromthisfieldThecurriculumofthecoursefocusesonteachingspecializedknowledgeofboththeoreticalandpracticalmarineandmechanicalengineeringGreaterimportanceisgiventoimpartskillsandcompetenciesthatarerequiredtooperateandmaintainmachineryonboardshipsMarineEngineeringVsNauticalSciencewwwmarineinsightcomThesubjectstaughtinthefirstandsecondyearofthecoursearealmostthesameasthosetaughtinconventionalmechanicalengineeringThemainaimistointroduceengineeringsciencestothestudentsandmakethemunderstandtheapplicationsofthosesciencesinvariousaspectsofmarineengineeringThethirdandfourthyearsaretotallydedicatedatimpartingmarinetechnicalknowledgeBoththeoreticalandpracticalaspectsofmarinemachineryarecoveredwithspecialfocusonship’soperationandmaintenanceofmarinemachineryPracticalknowledgethroughlaboratoryandworkshoptrainingisprovidedthroughoutthefouryearsoftheprogram,sothatstudentsgethandsonknowledgeofdismantlingandmaintenanceofmachinesonshipsNauticalScienceWhilemarineengineeringmakesanindividualaship’sengineer,nauticalsciencepreparesapersontobecomeadeckofficerNauticalscienceisathreeyearscourseafterwhichthestudentjoinsashipastraineecadetAftercompletingsufficienttimeattheseaandclearingrequiredcompetencyexams,promotionisgrantedconsideringpastperformanceNauticalscienceimpartsnauticaltechnologyknowledgewhichisimportanttobecomeadeckofficeronboardshipsTheoreticalandpracticalknowledgerequiredfornavigation,cargooperation,shipmaintenanceandoperationisimpartedduringthethreeyearscourse,alongwithexposuretosomeareasofhumanitiesandsocialsciencesHandsontrainingisextremelyimportantasadeckofficerandthusdetailedprocedureandmaintenancetechniquesofimportantdeckmachineryisanintegralpartofthiscourseEmphasisisalsogivenonprovidingspecializedknowledgeonsubjectssuchasseamanshipandworkinginmarineenvironmentwwwmarineinsightcomMERCHANTNAVYNauticalScienceMarineEngineeringDeckDepartmentEngineDepartmentPeopleplanningtojoinMerchantNavyoftenaskwhatisbetter–enginedepartmentorthedeckdepartmentThoughthereisnospecificanswertothisquestion,understandingimportantaspectsofboththesidesisveryimportantBeforedecidingbetweenengineanddeckdepartments,weaskstudentstokeepthesefivethingsinmindbeforejoiningmerchantnavyThenforanyonewhoisconfusedbetweenenginesideanddeckside,itisimportantthatheorshefirstunderstandsthedifferencebetweenNauticalScienceandMarineengineering(Peoplewhostudynauticalsciencebecomedeckofficersandthosewhostudymarineengineeringbecomemarineengineers)KnowingaboutvarioussubjectsonehastolearnineachofthesestreamshelpstogetridofmostofthedoubtsinvolvedwithdecidingbetweenthetwodepartmentsAcareerinmerchantnavyisunlikeanyothercareerandeverypersonplanningacareerinthesamewouldknowaboutitIncaseyoudon’t,readthemhereReasonsastowhyacareerinmerchantnavyisunlikeanyotherPeopleconfusedbetweenengineanddecksides,oftenhavequeriesregardingthefollowingaspects:SalarystructureJobprofileFutureprospectsPlacementandjobavailabilityAvailabilityofshorejobswwwmarineinsightcomEngineVsDeckDepartmentLet’slookateachaspectindividuallySalarystructureSalarystructureofbothengineanddeckdepartmentsisalmostthesameThismeansthatofficersatcorrespondingrankinboththedepartmentsearnalmostequallyThearticleonaveragerangeofsalariesofofficersonshipswouldhelptoresolvethedoubtJobprofileThoughthejobprofileandnatureofdutiesofofficersinboththedepartmentaredifferent,attheenditanindividual’schoiceastowhatsidetochooseWorkprofileinbothengineanddeckdepartmentsischallengingandrewardingIt’stheperson’sprerogativetodecidebetweenenginesideandnavigationsideFutureprospectsAshipcannotrunwithoutengineofficersanddeckofficersThustheneedofboththetypeofofficerswillalwaysbethere(Unlesstheycomeupwithtotallyunmannedships)BoththesideshavebrightandrespectablefuturesPlacementandjobmarketThisisoneaspectwhichbothersthemostespeciallytothosewhoarejustenteringthefieldThoughthereareseveralreasonsbecauseofwhichdeckcadetsandjuniormarineengineersarenotgettingjobs,thesituationisexpectedtoimprovesoonHowever,itistonotethatemploymentproblemsareprominentineveryfieldatthestartinglevelandit’sthesamewithmerchantnavyaswellOfficersofhigherranksfrombothengineanddeckdepartmentsarealwaysindemandOnshoreopportunitiesForthosewhoalsoconsideronshorejobprospectsmustnotethatthereareseveralopportunitiesonshoreofmerchantnavyofficersExperiencedmarineengineersanddeckofficerscangetjobsinthemanagementdepartmentofshippingcompaniesMarineengineerscantakeupshorebasedjobsasDesign,Seismic,andMaintenanceEngineersTheycanalsotakeupthejoboftraineesurveyorsNauticalofficersaswellasmarineengineersarealsorequiredinCharteringShipBrokeragefirmsHoweveritisadvisabletosailforcertainyearsandtakegoodamountofexperiencebeforeshiftingtoshorejobsThosewhoareinterestedinfuturestudiescandoanMBAinShippingandimprovetheirjoboptionsonshoreReadmorehere–HowtodoMBAinShippingThus,acareerinbothengineanddeckdepartmentisarewardingandchallengingoneAttheend,itisuptotheindividualtodecidewhatheorsheismorepassionateandinterestedaboutwwwmarineinsightcomMarineengineeringisajobthatisverymuchsoughtafteraroundtheworldThegrowthoftheindustryandthecontinuedresearchanddevelopmentinthefieldhasrubbedoffontheacademicstudyofthisengineeringfieldandmorepeoplehavestartedtooptforitTheincreaseinthecommercialactivities,acrosstheseasalsohasapositiveimpactonmarineengineeringwithunprecedentedriseinthenumberofmerchantnavyvesselsandtradingAllthesehavehadapositiveimpactonthejobmarketinthisdynamicsectorCertainattributesareprerequisiteforanyjobinthemerchantnavyorasamarineengineer,whereasthereareotherrequiredqualificationswhichvaryfordifferentprofilesTherearecollegesthatofferbothdegreeandpostgraduatecoursesinmarineengineeringForsomeonewhohasambitionsofbecomingamarineengineer,thisissupposedtobethefirstbaseTheeligibility,requiredtotakeanadmissioninthesecoursesisprettymuchthesamearoundtheworldThelengthofthegraduatecourseofengineeringmayvaryslightlyinsomecountries,butingeneralitisyears,whereinthestudentundergoescomprehensivetraininginboththeoreticalaswellaspracticalaspectsofthescienceInsomecasespracticalsessionsareconductedinhouseandsomeofthesessionsarealsoconductedatrealsiteslikeshipyardsorrealshipsThetheoreticalsubjectsinclude,apartfromEnglish,whichisthemostwidelyunderstoodandusedlanguageinmerchantnavy,computerscience,appliedmathematics,physics,electronicsandmarinemanagementBesidesthesethereareseveralothersubjectsthatarecoveredandstudentsareeducatedregardingenvironmentalscience,maritimecommerce,controlsystemsetcThesetrainingsarenecessaryforanyoneaspiringtobeamarineengineerorwhowantsajobinthemerchantnavyasitnotonlyaddstothementalabilitiesbutalsoinculcatesphysicalattributesForbetterprospectsintheexistingjoborHowtobecomeMarineEngineerwwwmarineinsightcomtheopenjobmarket,amastersdegreeinmarineengineeringisdefinitelyadvisableThetrainingalbeitenhancedisnotthatdifficult,especiallyforagraduatestudentofthesamedisciplineasitcomprisesmostlyoflabhoursthatputintopracticethevariousprinciplesofengineeringstudiedpreviouslyCreatingaportfoliohelpsanybodytryingtoclimbthehierarchyofseniorityinthemerchantnavyInanycase,themostsuccessfulinthisfieldaredefinitelytheoneswhohadaclearideaofwhattheywantedoutofthisindustryandwhichoftheircharacteristicssuiteditthebestWiththerecentstudiespredictingasteadygrowthintheinternationaltrade,thisindustryismoreorlesssettokeeponprogressingThisisbecause‘shipping’isstilltheeasiestandcheapestmodeoftransportationaroundtheworldThereforetheprofileofamarineengineerwouldremainacenterofattractionfortheyouthforalongtimetocomeIfyouareamechanicalengineerandwishtogetajobinthemerchantnavy,thenyoucandosobybecomingamarineengineerusingyourmechanicalengineeringdegreeFindouthowtodomarineengineeringaftermechanicalengineeringhereMechanicalandmarineengineeringcourseshaveseveralsubjectsincommonandthismakesiteasierforamechanicalengineertogetanadditionaldegreeinmarineandopennewdoorsofopportunitiesAoneyearGraduateMarineEngineering(GME)courseaftermechanicalengineeringwouldgivestudentsthelicensetoentermerchantnavyThisoneyearGMEcourseisallyouneedtobecomeamarineengineerafterdoingmechanicalengineeringEligibilityCriteriaHowever,therearecertainrequirementswhichoneshouldsatisfyinordertojointheoneyearmarineengineeringcourseTheyareasfollows:•GraduationinBE(Mechanical)EngineeringNavalArchitecturewithminimummarksofinfinalyear•MusthaveminimummarksinEnglishlanguageatthorthorinDegreeExam•Mustnotbemorethanyearsoldandshouldsatisfyallhealthrequirementsthatarenecessarytojointhemerchantnavy•Toknowmoreaboutthemedicalhealthrequirements,readPhysicalFitnessandMedicalRequirementstoJoinMerchantnavywwwmarineinsightcomThenomenclatureofmerchantnavyrankingsystemisuniversallyacceptedbyshippingcompaniesandcommercialvesselsaroundtheworldHowever,therecanbeminorchangesinnamesanddutiesassignedtospecificpositionsdependingonthecountrytowhichtheshipbelongsTheEngineDepartment•ChiefEngineer•SecondEngineerFirstAssistantEngineer•ThirdEngineerSecondAssistantEngineer•FourthEngineerThirdAssistantEngineer•FifthEngineerEngineCadet•EngineRoomRating•Fitter•Motorman•Wiper•TraineeFitterTraineeWiperChiefEngineer:ChiefengineeristheheadoftheengineeringdepartmentonavesselTherequiredqualificationforthispositionislooselyreferredtoasthe“Chief’sTicket”Alternatively,hecanalsobetermedasthe“TheChief”andusuallydrawsthesamepaymentastheCaptain,althoughthecompleteresponsibilityofaparticularvesselfallssolelyontheCaptain’sshoulderTheChiefEngineercannottakeovertheship’scharge,unlesssuchasituationariseswhichhasbeendocumentedunderthesafetymeasuresChiefengineergivesordersforoperationandmaintenanceofship’smachinerysystemandisresponsiblefortheentireengineroomdepartmentSecondEngineerFirstAssistantEngineer:Heisassociatedwiththedaytodayactivitiesintheengineroom,andisaccountabletotheChiefEngineerHestaysextremelybusymostofthetimeonboard,asheneedstoconstantlysupervisetheproperfunctioningofallengineroommachinerysystemsandalsoassignsjobstotheotherengineofficersandcrewTheHierarchyLevelinEngineDepartmentwwwmarineinsightcomSecondEngineergenerallykeepswatchontheengineroom,duringthedaytimeThirdengineerSecondAssistantEngineer:ThisisthenextpositionaftertheSecondEngineer,andisassignedjobstolookaftermachineryorderedbythechiefengineer,alongwithcarryingoutdailywatchkeepingHereportstothesecondengineerFourthEngineerThirdAssistantEngineer:ThisisthelowermostoperationalrankintheengineeringdepartmentTheFourthEngineerisconcernedwiththecorrectworkingofthemachinerysystemsassignedtohimandalsocarryourwatchkeepingHereportstothesecondengineerFifthEngineerEngineeringCadet:FifthengineerisatraineeundertheSecondEngineerofficer,andheassistsandlearnswhileobservingandcarryingoutactivitiesintheengineroomHewouldaccompanyaseniorofficer(mostlysecondengineer)duringthewatchdutyEngineFitter:Theenginefitterisresponsiblefordoingmaintenanceofallpipeandfittingjobsincludingwelding,cuttingandotherworkshopoperationasinstructedbytheengineroominchargeOilerMotorman:BeingamotormanwouldneedyoutoremainonyouralertbesttomakesurethattheoverallmachineryalwaysremainsinworkingconditionsHeassiststhewatchkeepingofficerWiper:WiperlooksafterthecleaningandpaintingjobintheengineroomandalsodoeshousekeepingjobsTraineewiperfitter:TraineewiperaresentonboardfortrainingpurposeaspertherankappointedandwillbeassistingwiperorfitterinthedailyroutinesAlltheengineroomratingsreporttothesecondengineerwwwmarineinsightcomChiefEngineerSecondEngineerThirdEngineerEngineFitterFourthEngineerMotormanOilerJrEngineerWiperEngineCadetTraineeWiperFitterForthoseyoungengineerswhodon’thaveanyimmediateassociationwiththeMerchantNavyfield,thetimeaftergraduationfromamaritimeacademycanberatherconfusingAlso,inthequestforseekingemployment,EnginecadetsoftenforgettogettheirimportantdocumentationsreadyItisthereforeimportantthatjuniorengineerdonotignorethenecessitytokeepalldocumentationsready,inorderthattheymayproducethemtotheemployerwheneverrequiredAlso,priortoseekingemployment,duringthevisitstoMercantileMarineDepartment(MMD)togetavarietyofworkdone,thesedocumentsmustbekeptassortedinfolderatalltimesCDC(ContinuousDischargeCertificate):Perhapsthemostimportantthingforaseafarer,thisbookletmustbekepthandyatalltimesTheCDCnumberisalwaysrequiredwhenfillingoutapplicationformsforajob,todomaritimecourses,forendorsementetcINDoS(IndianDatabaseofSeafarers):AnotherimportantdocumentthatmustbecarriedatalltimesReadmoreaboutINDosnumberhereEverycountryhastheirownsystemofmaritimedatabaseandfreshmarineengineersmustapplyfortheirnumberassoonaspossibleSTCW(StandardsofTraining,CertificationandWatchkeeping)Certificates:ThemandatorySTCWcertificatescomprisingofPST(PersonalSurvivalTechniques),PSSR(PersonalSafetyandSocialResponsibility),EFA(ElementaryFirstAid),FPFF(FirePreventionandFireFighting)AllthesearemandatorycourseswhicharetobecarriedoutbyseagoingprofessionalsPassport:TheultimateproofofidentityforseafarersapartfromCDCSeafarersareImportantDocumentsforMarineEngineerswwwmarineinsightcomadvisedtokeeppassportalwayswiththemwhengettingdocumentationrelatedworkdoneJuniorengineersmustcarrythiseverywherePhotographs:ItisalwaysnecessarytocarryafewextracopiesofpassportsizedphotographswhilegoingfordocumentationCourseCompletionCertificate:TheproofofhavingcompletedthetenureofstudyatcollegeAcertificateofdegreediplomaisrequiredforalldocumentationprocessesXthXIIthmarksheet:ThesemayberequiredforproofofageandtoverifyotherimportantdetailsAsmentionedearlier,afewvisitstotheMMDisrequiredtogetavarietyofnecessaryworkdoneFollowingaretheprocedurestobecompletedbeforesettingsailforwhich,theabovementioneddocumentsshallberequired:YellowFeverVaccination:ThisvaccinationisrequiredforindividualstravelingtoSouthAmericanandAfricancountriesTheshotcanbeobtainedfromtheMMD(MercantileMarineDepartment)forafeeofINR(Willvaryaccordingtothecountry)Forthis,documentsrequiredarephotocopiesoffrontandbackpagesoftheCDCandPassportPriorbookingforthevaccinationhastobedonefromtheofficeofthePortHealthOfficerThevaccinationisvalidforyearsThiscanbeobtainedevenwithoutanofferle

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