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首页 Chapters 15-16

Chapters 15-16.ppt

Chapters 15-16

红尘乱之小小
2013-09-26 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《Chapters 15-16ppt》,可适用于外语资料领域

KeyPointsinChapterKeyPointsinChapterThomasHardyIntroductionTessoftheD’UrbervillesJudetheObscureGeorgeGissingGeorgeMooreOscarWildeRobertLouisStevensonThomasHardy()ThomasHardy()IntroductionIHewasasonofabuilderandbecameabuilderhimselfandoneofthethreemostpreeminentVictorianwritersInHardy’stimescienceandindustrializationwenthandinhandandinfullswing,thenationwasheadingtothephaseofaggressiveandbarbariccapitalism,andmillionsofpeoplefoundthemselvesstrugglingformereexistenceThemoodoffrustration,despair,andpessimismhangedoverthenation,andtheageofEmileZola’snaturalismhadarrivedThomasHardyThomasHardyIntroductionIIHardyisaprolificwriterHissix“Wessexnovels”includeUndertheGreenwoodTree,FarfromtheMaddingCrowd,TheReturnoftheNative,TheMayorofCasterbridge,TessofD’Urbervilles,andJudetheObscureTheyarealltragediesofakindHisfamousverseworksincludePoemsofPastandPresent,andtheepicdramaTheDynastsThomasHardyThomasHardyIntroductionIIIHardy’sstoriesarealwaysmovingandbewitchingTheytouchheartsnotsomuchbyplotsasthroughthepathosoftheemotionaltangleHardyplacesemphasisonthedeeperpsychologyofhischaractersThisisafeatthatindicatesHardy’sempathywiththemodernspiritHardy’slanguagepossessesasilentpowerandcharmHisproseisstuddedwithrhetoricaldevices,poeticimagery,andmetaphors,andisrichlyconnotativeThomasHardyThomasHardyTessoftheD’UrbervillesItisthemostpastoralofHardy’snovelsMajorcharacters:Tess,AlecD’Urbervilles,AngelClaireTheturnofeventsandthemomentofcatharsisprovethatthenovelisaclassicAristotleantragedyThekingoftheworldofthenovelis“thePresidentofImmortals,”ormaybevariouslycalled“fate,”“destiny,”or“chance”itrepresentstheforcesbeyondhumancontrolbutcontrollingthelivesofthehumansThomasHardyThomasHardyJudetheObscureItwasHardy’slastbuthasbeenseenbymanyashisbestnovelJudeFawleytheWessexvillagerisastonemasonwithaspirationsforChristminister(Hardy’scoinednameforOxford)religiousscholarshipHisfamilyhasbeenunderacursethatnomarriagecanendhappilyMajorcharacters:Jude,Arabella,SueBridehead,Phillotson,FatherTimeRobertLouisStevenson()RobertLouisStevenson()IntroductionStevensonwentagainsttheVictorian“grain”HewroteromancesFamousworks:TreasureIsland,TheStrangeCaseofDrJekyllandMrHydeThelateVictorianperiodwasbesetwithamultitudeofproblems,andthecommonrunofmankindsufferedpovertyandindignityStevenson’sTreasureIslandcameatatimewhenthehopelessweredaydreamingforcomfortandreliefofsomekindKeyPointsinChapterKeyPointsinChapterVictorianpoetryAlfredLordTennysonRobertBrowningMathewArnoldAlfredLordTennyson()AlfredLordTennyson()IntroductionIHebecamethepoetlaureateafterthedeathofWordsworthHismajorworksare:ThePrincess,InMemoriam,Maud,EnochArden,andTheIdyllsoftheKingTheIdyllsoftheKingwasreadandenjoyedwithaviditybyhiscontemporarieschieflyforitsdidacticfeaturesInmorethanonesenseTennysonwasadomesticpoet,placingabundantemphasisonlove,dutyandallegianceandonmarriageandhomeandchildrenAlfredLordTennysonAlfredLordTennysonIntroductionIIThepoetalwayssingspraiseofthespiritualaspectofloveTodayTennysonisappreciatedforhislyricalgeniusandforhistechnicalvirtuosityTheIdyllsoftheKingwasanadequatedocumentationandconfirmationofthemajorfeaturesofVictorianlifeTheseincludedomesticvirtues,theemphasisonthehome,familyaffectionsandlove,heroworship,theidentityoftheselfandselfrealizationthroughdutyandservice,moralearnestness,andpositiveachievementsThepoemisaclearrecordofearlyTennyson’semphasisonartandtheartist’sneedtokeephisprivacyandhisprivatelovewholeandfreefrominterferenceRobertBrowning()RobertBrowning()IntroductionIAlthoughlatetoreceiverecognition,BrowningwasconsideredsecondonlytoTennysoninhisowndayTodayheisrememberedforhisexperimentanduseofthedramaticmonologueandhiscontributiontothediscoveryofthemythicalmethodandsymbolisminthewritingofpsychologicalpoetryBrowning’spoetryrepresentstheexuberantandoptimisticspiritofhistimeHiswatchwordis“strive”RobertBrowningRobertBrowningIntroductionIIHemadethedramaticmonologueanormasapoeticformforpresentingtheinternalworldofthecharactersThishasastrongmodernringbecauseitresemblesastreamof–consciousnessstyleinmodernwritingItrepresentsajumpinperceptiononthepartoftheartistfromwritingabouttheexternalitiesoflifeandpeopletothescrutinyandexplorationoftheinnerconsciousnessofthecharactersHismasterpieceishisepiclengthpoem,TheRingandtheBookMatthewArnold()MatthewArnold()IntroductionIHehasbeenknownastheVictorianpoetoflonelinesshereceivedrecognitionaspoetnumberthreeofhistimeimmediatelyafterTennysonandBrowningMajorworks:TheScholarGypsy,“DoverBeach,”EssaysinCriticism,CultureandAnarchy,andLiteratureandDogmaHefeltthatpoetryshouldbringjoyandhappinessandloveandcertitudetoanagewhenthesewereabsentandpeopleweresufferingAsaliterarycritic,Arnold’stheorywasoriginalinideasandassuredintoneMatthewArnoldMatthewArnoldIntroductionIIAsasocialcritic,ArnoldwasworriedaboutthedirectionwhichEnglandwastakingAsArnoldsawit,themiddleclasswasleadingthecountryinawrongwayWhathemeantby“anarchy”wasthevanishingoftheunifyingabsolutesandthejeopardizingofsocialstabilityTheessenceofhiscultureisadesireafterthethingsofthemindandastrivingtowardaknowledgeofsomeuniversalorder

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Chapters 15-16

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