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首页 Chapters 9-10

Chapters 9-10.ppt

Chapters 9-10

红尘乱之小小
2013-09-26 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《Chapters 9-10ppt》,可适用于外语资料领域

EnglishLiteratureChaptersKeyPointsinChapterKeyPointsinChapterTheRomanticPeriodTimeRangeoftheRomanticPeriodSocialandPoliticalHistoryofEuropeSocialandPoliticalHistoryofBritainFeaturesofRomanticEraMajorWritersWilliamWordsworthIntroductionAestheticTheoriesWorksSamuelTaylorColeridgeIntroductionAestheticTheoriesWorksWalterScottIntroductionWorksJaneAustenIntroductionWorksTheRomanticPeriodTheRomanticPeriodTimeRangeoftheRomanticPeriodTheRomanticMovementwasinternationalinthethcenturyAmericanRomanticismcamesomeyearslaterthanitsEuropeancounterpartTheRomanticPeriodTheRomanticPeriodSocialandPoliticalHistoryofEuropeAfewyearsbeforetheadventoftheRomanticperiod,theUnitedStatesbrokeawayfromBritainandwasformedonthebasisofthenaturalrightsofmen:“Allmenarecreatedequal,”anoutcrythatcaughtonandbegantoringallovertheworldIntheFrenchRevolutionexplodedontheothersideoftheEnglishChannelTheRomanticPeriodTheRomanticPeriodSocialandPoliticalHistoryofBritainThetworevolutionshadatremendousimpactonthesituationinBritainTheBritishgovernmentbecamemoreconservativeandrepressiveTherewerepoliticalupheavals,andtheideaofrevolutionwereupintheairAnintenselaborwarfarehaddevelopedinthecountryTheBritishEmpireplunderedandbroughttremendouswealthintothecountryAllthisenrichedonlythestillexistingaristocracyandtherisingmiddleclasstheworkingclassbecameworseoffwithnoprotectionandnopowerwhateverTheforcesworkingforchangeweregatheringTheworkersbegantocometogether,andthinkandactingrouptermsTheRomanticPeriodTheRomanticPeriodFeaturesofRomanticEraTheemphasisontheindividualbecameadominantfeatureoftheeraTheEnglishRomanticperiodhasbeenconsideredthesecondgreatperiodinEnglishliterature,secondonlytotheElizabethanperiodWilliamWordsworth()WilliamWordsworth()IntroductionWilliamWordsworthwasamajorEnglishRomanticpoetwho,withSamuelTaylorColeridge,helpedtolaunchtheRomanticAgeinEnglishliteraturewiththejointpublicationLyricalBalladsWordsworthwasBritain'sPoetLaureatefromuntilhisdeathinHwwasconsideredbytheyoungerRomanticwritersas“thelostleader”HewasnotadeepthinkerWilliamWordsworth()WilliamWordsworth()AestheticTheoriesPoeticlanguagemustbeaselectionofthelanguagereallyusedbythepeoplePoetrycomesfromemotion,notfromreasonitdealswithfeelings,attitudes,emotions“theheart,”notunderstanding,notcommonsensePoetryis“thespontaneousoverflowofpowerfulemotion”“recollectedintranquility”bymenofdeepfeelingandmuchthoughtThesubjectshouldcomefromthe“incidentsandsituationsfromcommonlife”Thepoetshouldunderstandlifebetterthanotherpeopledo,heseesthepoetasa“seer”ofakindaswellWilliamWordsworth()WilliamWordsworth()WorksLyricalBalladsItsignaledthebeginningoftheRomanticperiodinEnglishpoetryLinescomposedaFewMilesAbovetheTinternAbbeyOde:IntimationsofImmortalityThePreludeSamuelTaylorColeridge()SamuelTaylorColeridge()IntroductionColeridgewasararegeniusinthehistoryofEnglishliteratureNotonlywasheagreatpoet,buthewasalsoaphilosopherandseminalcriticHeblazedthenewtrailtogetherwithWordsworthandhelpedusherintheRomanticendeavorHeanticipatedFreudbywelloverhalfacenturyindrawingattentiontotheimportanceofsubconsciousHespokeevenwellaheadofmoderncriticismconcerningtheconceptofDionysusastheemblemoftheunconsciousinmodernpoetryTheexistentialisminhisworkswasaheadofhistimeSartre’sphilosophyofexistentialismcameintobeingonlyinthesSamuelTaylorColeridge()SamuelTaylorColeridge()AestheticTheoriesIInordertowriteaperfectpoem,thepoethastobeaDionysian,andhastogodowntohell,whichisanotherwayofsaying“dippingintothesubconscious”NatureisalivebecausehumanmindseesitthatwayorendowsitwithlifeTheimaginationisashapingforceThusiftheworldisfaithless,loveless,andjoyless,itisthejobofthepoeticimaginationtocrateallthosethingsthatmakelifetolerableThisisColeridge’snotionofthefunctionofthepoetandpoetrySamuelTaylorColeridge()SamuelTaylorColeridge()AestheticTheoriesIIHebelievesintheexistenceofthesupernaturalandaninvisiblehigherplaneoflifeHeisnotedasaseminalinfluenceinhisnotionthataliteraryworkcanhavemorethanonelevelofmeaningandthatitisimportanttoreadthetextofaworkcarefullyHewaslookeduptoasanauthorityfortheNewCriticsHisBiographiaLiterariawasreprintedandexercisedafarreachinginfluenceontheliterarycriticismofthetimeandalongtimeafterwardSamuelTaylorColeridge()SamuelTaylorColeridge()Works“KublaKhan”(忽必烈汗)“Dejection:anOde”(赋悲叹)“TheRimeoftheAncientMariner”(老水手之歌)BiographiaLiteraria(文学传记)WalterScott()WalterScott()IntroductionScottwastheonespectacularliterarygeniusinEnglishliteraryhistorywhowasengagedintwodepartmentsofliteratureandachievedgreatsuccessinbothIntheearlyphaseofhiscareer,hewrotepoetryandbecamethemostwidelyreadpoetofhisdayTheninthelasttwodecadesheturnedhisattentiontonovelwritingandfatheredinthehistoricalnovelproperinEnglandandEuropeHewasinstrumentalinbringingintheinfluenceoffolkloreinpoeticcompositionHisoddfictionsmarkedtheadventofthegenreofhehistoricalnovelWalterScott()WalterScott()WorksTheMinstrelsyoftheScottishBoarderTheDayoftheLastMinstrelsyIvanhoe(艾凡赫劫后英雄传)TheWoodstockTheTalismanCountRobertofParisQuentinDurward“Waverley”novels(威弗利)JaneAusten()JaneAusten()IntroductionShewrotehernovelsforherownfamilycircleAmonghernumerousstrengthsareherexquisite,compactprose,hermoraljudgment,herwit,andhervividcharacterportrayalHernovelscoverjustthatsectionofsocietytowhichshebelonged:thecountrygentryandtheirlivesintheruralvillagesettingThesecretofherfascinationliesinthefactthatherunderstandingofhumannatureissoaccuratethatitisforevercapableofawakeningwarmechoesinhumanbosomsJaneAusten()JaneAusten()WorksSenseandSensibilityPrideandPrejudiceItisAusten’smasterpieceFamousquoteinthenovel:“Itisatruth,universallyacknowledged,thatasinglemaninpossessionofagoodfortune,mustbeinwantofawife”Majorcharacters:MrandMrsBennet,MrCollins,Bingley,Darcy,Jane,Elizabeth…ThemajorplotevolvesaroundthelovestoryofElizabethandDarcyMansfieldParkEmmaNorthangerAbbyPersuasionKeyPointsinChapterKeyPointsinChapterGeorgeGordonByronPercyByssheShelleyJohnKeatsGeorgeGordonByron()GeorgeGordonByron()IntroductionTheyoungerromanticsformedaseparategroupfromtheolderones,ortheLakersTheyhavebeencalledbysomepeople“theSatanicschool”AsayoungMPintheHouseofLords,ByronwasthemostvocalabouttheinjusticedonetothemachinebreakersHeisstillrememberedtodayamongtheGreeksastheirnationalheroInthemidthcenturyByronwastheleadingpoetnotonlyinhisowncountrybutalsoinEuropeToday,however,hetendstobeignoredbycriticsandreadersalikeByronisahighlyinspiredpoetHehasadirect,forthright,andforcefulvoiceHispoetryisnotedforitsspontaneity,exuberance,andhumorGeorgeGordonByron()GeorgeGordonByron()WorksChildeHaroldDonJuanItisByron’smasterpieceItisamockepic“DonJuan”inthetitleofthepoemisthenameofaSpanishlegendaryfigurewithanalmostsuperhumansexualenergyPercyByssheShelley()PercyByssheShelley()IntroductionShelleyisanidealisticandpropheticRomanticHehasbeenseenasimmaterialandethereal,andnotmuchintouchwiththeearthearthlythathedreamsofreshapingHemadehimselfakindofprecursortothesocialistmovementsoontosweepacrossEuropeandEnglandHeisoneofthebestEnglishlyricalpoetsPercyByssheShelley()PercyByssheShelley()WorksQueenMab(仙后麦布麦布女王)TheRevoltofIslamPrometheusUnbound(lyricaldrama)TheCenci(钦契一家)TheMaskofAnarchy(无政府主义的幌子)ADefenseofPoetry“OdetotheWestWind”“ToaSkyLark”JohnKeats()JohnKeats()IntroductionKeat’slifewasoneofdownrightmiseryHewasslightlyoverwhenhediedHeseestheachievementofidentityasthehighestgoalofhumandevelopmentHisideaofidentity,or“identicalsoul,”placesstressontheimportanceoftheworldofpainsandtroublesintheprocessofschoolingone’sintelligencesoastomakeitasoul“Truthisbeauty,beautyistruth”JohnKeats()JohnKeats()Works“OdetoaNightingale”Theodeisoneofhisbestindiction,imagery,soundandrhythm“OdeonaGrecianUrn”Alongwithsomeotherodes,thatindicatesthatthepoethasachievedmaturityandselfconfidence,andisreadytospeakwithavoiceforallhumanityaswellhimself“ToAutumn”Itishislastgreatestode“TheEveofStAgnes”ItisthemostbeautifulworkofKeats

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Chapters 9-10

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