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首页 Chapters 11-12

Chapters 11-12.ppt

Chapters 11-12

红尘乱之小小
2013-09-26 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《Chapters 11-12ppt》,可适用于外语资料领域

EnglishLiteratureChaptersKeyPointsinChapterKeyPointsinChapterTheVictorianPeriodTimeRangeSocial,CulturalandPoliticalLifeThomasCarlyleJohnStuartMillTheVictorianPeriodTheVictorianPeriodTimeRangeTheVictorianperiodspanswelloverhalfacentury()TheVictorianPeriodTheVictorianPeriodSocial,CulturalandPoliticalLifeThegrowthofthemiddleclassThedevelopmentofaveryconservativekindofmoralityThepredominanceofthemoralaestheticthatprovedbindingtomostVictorianwritersThewidecurrencyofutilitarianismTheadventofthetheoryofevolutionFaithinprogressandasenseofearnestnessThomasCarlyle()ThomasCarlyle()InhislifetimeCarlylewasadominantforceinVictorianpoetryandproseHewasanangrymanAllhislifehefretted,fumed,lamentedandselftorturedHismostfamousworksare:SarterResartus,PastandPresentandOnHeroandHeroWorshipJohnStuartMill()JohnStuartMill()MillwasawellknownutilitarianphilosopherHisrevisionofutilitarianismismainlyrecordedinoneofhismostsignificantworks,UtilitarianismHisemphasisonindividualfreedomconstitutedanimportantpartofthcenturyEnglishliberalismHehasbeenseenasachampionofwomen’sliberationandexplainshispositioninhisfamousessay:OnWomenKeyPointsinChapterKeyPointsinChapterTheVictorianFictionThreePhasesofthePeriodSomeSalientFeaturesofVictorianNovelsCharlesDickensIntroductionWorksGreatExpectationsWilliamMakepeaceThackerayIntroductionVanityFairTheVictorianFictionTheVictorianFictionThreePhasesofthePeriodFirstPhase:stothemiddleofthecenturyLifehadnotbecometotallyimpossibleWriterswhowrotethensuchasDickenswerebasicallyoptimisticSecondPhaseorHighVictorianPhase:thesThecountryhadchangedfromanagriculturetoanindustrialnationThiswasaperiodofdichotomyandhighcomplexityWriterssuchasGeorgeEliotdealtwithitwithsubtledexterityThirdPhase:fromthelatesonwardDramaticchangeshadoccurredTheageofnaturalismhadarrivedTheVictorianFictionTheVictorianFictionSomeSalientFeaturesofVictorianNovelsTheyalltrytoteachaswellastoentertainTheyareessentiallyurban,reflectingthevaluesofthemiddleclassTheyexhibitastrongsenseofhistory,andseehomeandmarriageassacredAllgreatVictoriannovelsfollowsthemoralstandardSocialrealismremainstheVictoriannovelists’predominantmodeofpresentationoflifeThemainpointofviewemployedinVictoriannovelsisthethirdpersonomniscient,theunlimitedvisionofwhichhelpstopaintthebroadcanvasoflifeCharlesDickens()CharlesDickens()IntroductionIDickenscamefromapoorbackgroundInthefirstperiodofhiswriting,DickensisseensmilingthroughthepagesThelatterphaseofhiscareerseeshimpaintingasocialpicturedisconcertinglydismalandagonizingLondonisthelocaleformanyofDickens’worksHeisasocialhistorianThearchetypalDickensianheroorheroineisoftenanorphanorachildwhoseparents,thoughstillalive,areaswellasdeadtothemCharlesDickens()CharlesDickens()IntroductionIIHisprotagonistscomecloseintypetothemodernexistentialistheroexceptfortheirhappyendingSpontaneitywashistrademarkDickens’geniusisbasicallycomicOnenotablefeatureofhiscomicnarrativesishisadroitnessatcreatingthegrotesqueeffectThemelodramaticisanothernotablefeatureofhishumorousnarrativesSocialcriticismisahallmarkofallhisworksCharlesDickens()CharlesDickens()WorksLittleDorritDavidCopperfieldThePickwickPapersNicholasNicklebyTheOldCuriosityShopOliverTwistGreatExpectationsHardTimesATaleofTwoCitiesBleakHouseDombeyandSonOurMutualFriendMartinChuzzlewitEdwinDroodAChristmasCarolCharlesDickens()CharlesDickens()GreatExpectationsIthasbeenseenbysomepeopletobeDickens’masterpieceMajorcharacters:Pip,Magwitch,Havisham,Joe,EstellaWilliamMakepeaceThackeray()WilliamMakepeaceThackeray()IntroductionHewasoneofthetwooutstandingearlyVictoriannovelists,secondonlyashewastoDickensHewrotemainlyabouttheupperanduppermiddlesocietyHehasbeenvaluedasagreatsocialrealist,moralist,andsatiristWhereasDickensoftenemploysthegrotesqueandthemelodramaticandappearssentimental,ThackerayfirmlykeepstosocialrealismandtakesuponhimselftopainttheimmensepanoramaofreallifeWilliamMakepeaceThackeray()WilliamMakepeaceThackeray()VanityFairMajorcharacters:Rebecca(Becky)Sharp,AmeliaSedleyVanityFaircensuresthephilistinehypocrisyandshamoftheVictoriansociety,itssnobbishnessandvanity,anditsruthlesssocialclimbingIntermsofnarrativestrategies,itsbasicfeaturesincludetheomniscientthirdpersonpointofview,theauthorialcomments,andthesmoothproseofaretrospectivesoliloquy

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Chapters 11-12

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