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首页 ARM嵌入式系统基础教程+周立功

ARM嵌入式系统基础教程+周立功.pdf

ARM嵌入式系统基础教程+周立功

hjun027
2009-11-26 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《ARM嵌入式系统基础教程+周立功pdf》,可适用于IT/计算机领域

广州周立功单片机发展有限公司Tel:()Fax:前言个人电脑已经是位了您还在使用位微控制器吗?尽管一般情况下嵌入式系统对CPU处理能力的要求比个人电脑(对CPU处理能力的要求)低但随着人们生活的提高和技术的进步嵌入式系统对CPU处理能力的要求也稳步的提高大量高速的与MCS体系结构兼容的微控制器的出现就证明了这一点。但位微控制器受限于体系结构处理能力的提高始终有限。而位系统在性能上与位机相比始终没有太大优势成本上与位系统相比也没有什么优势未来一段时间嵌入式微控制器的发展方向必然是位系统。基于ARM体系结构的位系统占领了位嵌入式系统的大部分分额但长期以来基于ARM体系结构的位系统仅在嵌入式式系统的高端(通讯领域、PDA)等场合使用要么以专用芯片的面貌出现要么以位处理器的庙貌出现并没有出现性价比高的通用的微控制器。PHILIPS发现了这个空当推出了性价比很高LPC系列微控制器让更多的嵌入式系统具有位的处理能力。这也预示着位系统即将成为嵌入式系统的主流。基于ARM体系结构的芯片在中国推广已经有好几年了关于ARM的图书也出了不少。关于ARM的图书主要有以下几类:.关于ARM内核的图书主要读者是芯片设计者内容主要是介绍芯片设计的。.芯片应用类图书主要是芯片的生产商或代理商编写主要读者为应用工程师。.开发板类图书主要介绍相应的ARM开发板给应用者一些参考。以上类图书的侧重点都不是ARM应用开发教学用于大学本科教学不太适合。为了方便高等院校教学方便笔者编写了这本教材。不过因为嵌入式系统牵涉的知识太广一本教材无法深入论述。为此笔者还会推出多本被套图书以便学生知识扩展。广州周立功单片机发展有限公司Tel:()Fax:目录第章嵌入式系统概述·······························································································嵌入式系统···························································································································现实中的嵌入式系统·································································································嵌入式系统的概念·····································································································嵌入式系统的未来·····································································································嵌入式处理器·······················································································································简介····························································································································分类····························································································································嵌入式操作系统···················································································································简介····························································································································基本概念····················································································································使用实时操作系统的必要性·····················································································实时操作系统的优缺点·····························································································常见的嵌入式操作系统·····························································································第章嵌入式系统工程设计······················································································嵌入式系统项目开发生命周期·························································································概述··························································································································识别需求··················································································································提出方案··················································································································执行项目··················································································································结束项目··················································································································嵌入式系统工程设计方法简介·························································································由上而下与由下而上·······························································································UML系统建模·········································································································面向对象OO的思想·······························································································第章ARM体系结构·····························································································简介·····································································································································ARM·························································································································ARM的体系结构····································································································ARM处理器核简介·································································································ARMTDMI······················································································································简介··························································································································三级流水线··············································································································广州周立功单片机发展有限公司Tel:()Fax:存储器访问··············································································································存储器接口··············································································································ARMTDMI的模块和内核框图·····················································································体系结构直接支持的数据类型·························································································处理器状态·························································································································处理器模式·························································································································内部寄存器·························································································································简介··························································································································ARM状态寄存器集·································································································Thumb状态寄存器集······························································································程序状态寄存器·················································································································简介··························································································································条件代码标志··········································································································控制位······················································································································保留位······················································································································异常·····································································································································简介··························································································································异常入口出口汇总··································································································进入异常··················································································································退出异常··················································································································快速中断请求··········································································································中断请求··················································································································中止··························································································································软件中断指令··········································································································未定义的指令··········································································································异常向量··················································································································异常优先级··············································································································中断延迟·························································································································最大中断延迟··········································································································最小中断延迟··········································································································复位·····································································································································存储器及存储器映射IO······························································································简介··························································································································地址空间··················································································································存储器格式··············································································································未对齐的存储器访问·······························································································指令的预取和自修改代码·······················································································广州周立功单片机发展有限公司Tel:()Fax:存储器映射的IO····································································································寻址方式简介·················································································································ARM指令集简介············································································································简介··························································································································ARM指令集············································································································Thumb指令集··········································································································协处理器接口·················································································································简介··························································································································可用的协处理器·······································································································关于未定义的指令···································································································调试接口简介·················································································································典型调试系统··········································································································调试接口··················································································································EmbeddedICERT·····································································································扫描链和JTAG接口·······························································································ETM接口简介··················································································································第章ARMTDMI(S)指令系统···············································································ARM处理器寻址方式······································································································指令集介绍·························································································································ARM指令集············································································································Thumb指令集··········································································································第章LPC系列ARM硬件结构·····································································简介···································································································································描述························································································································特性························································································································器件信息················································································································结构概述················································································································引脚配置···························································································································引脚排列及封装信息·····························································································LPC的引脚描述····················································································LPC的引脚描述···········································································引脚功能选择使用示例·························································································存储器寻址·······················································································································片内存储器············································································································广州周立功单片机发展有限公司Tel:()Fax:片外存储器············································································································存储器映射············································································································预取指中止和数据中止异常·················································································存储器重映射及引导块·························································································启动代码相关部分·································································································系统控制模块···················································································································系统控制模块功能汇总·························································································引脚描述················································································································寄存器描述············································································································晶体振荡器············································································································复位························································································································外部中断输入········································································································外部中断应用示例·································································································存储器映射控制·····································································································PLL(锁相环)·····································································································VPB分频器············································································································功率控制················································································································唤醒定时器············································································································启动代码相关部分·································································································存储器加速模块(MAM)····························································································描述························································································································MAM结构·············································································································MAM的操作模式··································································································MAM配置·············································································································寄存器描述············································································································MAM使用注意事项······························································································启动代码相关部分·································································································外部存储器控制器(EMC)·························································································特性························································································································概述························································································································引脚描述················································································································寄存器描述············································································································外部存储器接口·····································································································典型总线时序········································································································外部存储器选择·····································································································启动代码相关部分·································································································引脚连接模块···················································································································介绍························································································································寄存器描述············································································································引脚功能控制········································································································启动代码相关部分·································································································广州周立功单片机发展有限公司Tel:()Fax:向量中断控制器(VIC)·······························································································特性························································································································描述························································································································结构···················································································

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