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首页 *新书上架*【沃格林】新政治科学

*新书上架*【沃格林】新政治科学.pdf

*新书上架*【沃格林】新政治科学

九月虺
2009-10-29 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《*新书上架*【沃格林】新政治科学pdf》,可适用于人文社科领域

TheNewSciencePosteritymayknowwehavenotlooselythroughsilencepermittedthingstopassawayasinadreamRICHARDHOOKERERICVOEGELINTHEUNIVERSITYOFCHICAGOPRESSCHICAGOLONDONCHARLESRWALGREENFOUNDATIONLECTURESISBN:(clothbound)(paperbound)LibraryofCongressCatalogCardNumber:byTheUniversityofChicagoANrightsresewedPublishedNinthImpressionPrintedintheUnitedStatesofAmericaFOREWORDDURINGthelastthirtyyearsormoretherehavearisenamongthestudentsinthefieldofpoliti'~those'whowouldchallengethetraditionalapproachtogovernmentandpoliticsanapproachstemmingfromthedaysofAristotleThestatistical,thepsychological,andthesociologicaIbasesofapoliticalsciencehaveeachhadadherentsPropoundersofthenewtheorieshaveeitherpushedasideorrejectedtheconsiderationofanysystemofvaluesintheirtheoriesofthescientificapproachtopoliticsWhilethistypeofapproachhaswidespreadacceptancetoday,itisbeingvigorouslychallengedinmanyquarters,particularlyontheveryhomegroundofthescientificschool,theUniversityofChicagoProfessorVoegelininthepresentworkmakesaninterestingandchallengingcontributiontothescopeandmethodofpoliticsHispositionasanoutstandingscholarinthefieldofpoliticaltheoryisaguarantyofhisthoroughnessandobjectivityinhandlinghistopicUnderthesponsorshipoftheCharlesRWalgreenFoundationtheselecturesweregivenattheUniversityofChicagoduringtheWinterQuarter,ThecooperationoftheauthorandtheUniversityofChicagoenablestheFoundationtopublishthisseriesJEROMEGKERWINChairman,CharlesRWalgreenFoundationfortheStudyofAmericanInstitutionsACKNOWLEDGMENTSNOCCASIONofthisbookIshouldliketoexpressmygratitudetotheJohnSimonGuggenheimMemorialFoundationforenablingmetobringthestateoftheproblemsuptodatethroughstudiesinEuropeinthesummerofThesestudieswere,furthermore,facilitatedbyagrantinaidfromtheResearchCouncilofLouisianaStateUniversityMycolleague,ProfessorNelsonETaylor,hadthekindnesstoreadthemanuscriptIhavegratefullyavailedmyselfofhisadviceinmattersofstyleMythanksforexcellentsecretarialhelpgotoMissJosephineScurriaTheVikingPresshaskindlypermittedthequotationofpassagesfromabookpublishedbyitThisbookhasgrownfromsixlectureson"TruthandRepresentation"giveninundertheauspicesoftheCharlesRWalgreenFoundationItisapleasantopportunitytoextendmythanksagaintotheFoundationaswellastoitsdistinguishedchairman,ProfessorJeromeGKerwinviiTABLEOFCONTENTSINTRODUCTIONPoliticaltheoryandphilosophyofhistoryDeclineofpoliticalscienceandrestorationThedestructionofpoliticalsciencethroughpositivismPositivisticassumptionsThesubordinationofrelevancetomethodThenatureofpositivismManifestationsofpositivismAccumulationofirrelevantfactsMisinterpretationofrelevantfactsThemovementofmethodologyObjectivitythroughexclusionofvaluejudgmentsThetransitionalpositionofMaxWeberWeber'svaluefreescienceThedemonismofvaluesThecontradictionsinWeber'spositionThereintroductionofvaluesThetabooonclassicandChristianmetaphysicsPositivismwithregretsTherestorationofpoliticalscienceObstaclesandsuccessIREPRESENTATIONANDEXISTENCETheAristotclianprocedureSymbolsinrealityandconceptsinscienceReprcscntationintheelementalscnscInsufficiencyoftheelementalconccptofrepresentationRcpresentationintheexistentialsenseSocietyinformforactionRepresentativeandagentdistinguishedRepresentationandsocialarticulationMagnaCartaWrits,ofsummonstoParliamentFerrers'caseLincoln'sdialecticalformulaWesterntheoryofrepresentationTheconsolidationoftherealmsinthefiftcenthcenturyFortescue'stheoryEruptionandproruptionCorpusmysricumInrenciopopuliMigratoryfoundationsThemythofTroyPaulusDiaconusixxTABLEOFCONTENTSTABLEOFCONTENTSxiDisintegrationMauriceHauriouTheiddircctriccPowerandlawConstitutionalandcxistcntialrepresentativeSummaryDefinitionofexistenceOfrepresentativeinstitutionsProvincialismofcontemporarythcoryofrepresentationREPRESENTATIONANDTRUTHSocialsymbolizationandthcoreticaltruthSocietyastherepresentativeofcosmicordcrTruthandLieTheBchistunInscriptionTheMongolOrderofGodThemonadismofimpcrialtruthThechallengetoimperialtruthJaspers'axistimeofhumanhistoryBergson'sclosedandopensocietyPlato'santhropologicalprinciplcAsaprinciplcfortheinterpretationofsocietyAsaninstrumentofpoliticalcritiqueThetrueorderofthesoulasastandardThemeaningofthcoryAristotle'sthcoryofthematuremanTheoryasanexplicationofexperiencesThecxpcricntialbasisofthcoryTheauthorityofthcoreticaltruthTheopeningofthesoulThepsycheasthesensoriumoftranscendenceThethcologicalprinciplePlatoonthetypesofthcologyTragicrepresentationAeschylus'SuppliantsThemeaningofactionGovernmentthroughpersuasionThedecisionforDikeRepresentativesufferingFromtragedytophilosophySummaryRepresentationinthetransccndcntalsenseTheoryasthescienceofordcrThecriterionoftruthinscicnccTHESTRUGGLEFORREPRESENTATIONINTHEROMANEMPIRETheoreticalissuesThecompetingtypesoftruthAnthropologicalandsotcriologicaltruthdistinguishedSubstanceofhistorydefinedThedependenceofthcoryontheclassicandChristianrangeofexperienceVarroandStAugustinconthetypesoftheologyThepoliticalfunctionoftheCivirasDeiTheattackontheRomancultTheaffairoftheAltarofVictoriaThepleasofSymmachusandStAmbroseStAugustinc'simpcratorfclixTheRomancultasalivingissueTheexistentialissueinRomanciviltheologyStAugustine'smisunderstandingofVarro'spositionCicero'soppositionoftheprinccpschistotheprinccpsphilosophiacRomanarchaismThetruthofRomeagainstthetruthofphilosophyTheprincepsasthecxistcntialrepresentativeThepatrocinialprincipatcTheprincipcsasmilitaryandpoliticalleadersinthelaterepublicThetriumvirsTheimperialprincipateThesacramentalweaknessoftheimperialprincipatcExperimentsinimperialthcologyTheexperimentwithChristianityCelsusontherevolutionarycharacterofChristianityThemetaphysicalmonotheismofPhiloThepoliticaltheologyofEusebiusofCacsarcaTheendofpoliticaltheologythroughtrinitarianismIVGNOSTICISMTHENATUREOFMODERNITYThevictoryofChristianityDcdivinizationofthepoliticalsphereandredivinizationThechiliasmofRevelationandStAugustinc'sthcoryofthechurchSpiritualandtemporalrcprcscntationThesurvivaloftheRomanideainWesternsocietyThesymbolismofredivinizationThetrinitarianspeculationofJoachimofFloraTheJoachiticsymbols:(a)theThirdRealm,(b)theLeader,(c)theGnosticProphet,(d)theBrotherhoodofAutonomousPersonsTheNationalSocialistThirdRealmMoscowtheThirdRomeWesternrecognitionoftheRussianproblemTheRussiantypeofrepresentationThetheoreticalcontentofthenewsymbolsStAugustine'smcaningoftransccndcntalhistoryJoachim'simmanentxiiTABLEOFCONTENTSizationofthemeaningofhistorySecularizationTheeidosofhistoryafallaciousconstructionThetypesoffallaciousimmanentizationofthecschaton:progressivism,utopianism,revolutionaryactivismMotivesandrangeofGnosticimmanentismThedesireforcertaintyandtheuncertaintyoffaithThesocialsuccessofChristianityandfallfromfaithTherecoursetoGnosticselfdivinizationThepsychologicalrangeoftypes:contemplative,emotional,activistTherangcofradicalization:fromparaclctetosupermanThecivilizationalrangc:frommonasticismtoscientismThecourseofmodernityOriginsintheninthcenturyTheproblemofsimultaneousprogressanddeclineThepremiumofsalvationoncivilizationalactionImmortalityoffameandtheholesofoblivionSpiritualdeathandthemurderofGodTotalitarianismastheendformofprogressivecivilizationVGNos~lcREVOLUTIONTHEPURITANCASEPeriodizationofWesternhistoryModernityasthegrowthofgnosticismModernageasaGnosticsymbolModernageasGnosticrevoiutionHooker'sportraitofthePuritanThecauseandthemovementTherevoltagainstintellcctualcultureScripturalcamouflageThecodificationofGnostictruthThetabooontheinstrumentsofcritiqueTheprohibitionoftheoreticalargumentHooker'sreactionTheIslamicsolutionAppealtogovernmentalauthorityTheangelofRevelationandthePuritanarmyAGlimp~cofSion'~GloryThecommonmanTheGnosticrealmofthesaintsTheprogramoftherevolutionTheQucric~toLordFairfaxTheliquidationoftheOldWorldThewarbctweentheworldsMethodologicalreflectionsHobbcs'stheoryofrepresentationPublicordcragainstGnosticrevolutionTherevivalofthcologiaciuili~TheTABLEOFCONTENTSXlllopeningofthesoulreconsideredTheessentialtensionbetweentruthofsocietyandtruthofthesoulPlato'ssolutionChristianvacillationsTheHobbesianideaoftheeverlastingconstitutionVITHEENDOFMODERNITYThetruthofcosmicordcrreassertedGnosticismasaciviltheologyItstendencytorepressthetruthofthesoulTheadventrecessioncycleFuturedynamicsofWesterncivilizationGnosticdisregardforprinciplesofexistenceCreationofadreamworldItsmotivationsThepneumopathologicalresultAttackondianoeticvirtuesandpropagandaformorainsanityThesymptomsofGnosticinsanityThecausesofcontinuouswarfareTheimpossibilityofpeaceLiberalismandcommunismTheplightoftheliberalintellectualsDynamicsoftheGnosticrevolutionTheCommunistdangerThecausesofWesternparalysisHobbesRadicalimmanenceofexistenceThelifeofthespiritaslibidodominandiTheabolitionofthesummumbonumPassionandfearofdeathThepersonandtheLeviathanTheHobbesiansymbolismThepsychologyofdisorientedmanDiseaseasthenatureofmanTheLeviathanasthefateoftheintellcctualResistanceagainstgnosticismTherelationofWesternnationalrevolutionstognosticismEnglishandAmericanconservatismTherestorationoftraditionsINTRODUCTIONHEexistenceofmaninpoliticalsocietyishistoricalexistenceandatheoryofpolitics,ifitpenetratestoprinciples,mustatthesametimebeatheoryofhistoryThefollowinglecturesonthecentralproblemofatheoryofpolitics,onrepresentation,will,therefore,carrytheinquirybeyondadescriptionoftheconventionallysocalledrepresentativeinstitutionsintothenatureofrepresentationastheformbywhichapoliticalsocietygainsexistenceforactioninhistoryMoreover,theanalysiswillnotstopatthispointbutwillproceedtoanexplorationofthesymbolsbywhichpoliticalsocietiesinterpretthemselvesasrepresentativesofatranscendenttruthAndthemanifoldofsuchsymbols,finally,willnotformaflatcataloguebutproveamenabletotheoretizationasanintelligiblesuccessionofphasesinahistoricalprocessAninquiryconcerningrepresentation,ifitstheoreticalimplicationsareunfoldedconsistently,willinfactbecomeaphilosophyofhistoryTopursueatheoreticalproblemtothepointwheretheprinciplesofpoliticsmeetwiththeprinciplesofaphilosophyofhistoryisnotcustomarytodayNevertheless,theprocedurecannotbeconsideredaninnovationinpoliticalscienceitwillratherappearasarestoration,ifitberememberedthatthetwofieldswhichtodayarecultivatedseparatelywereinseparablyunitedwhenpoliticalsciencewasfoundedbyPlatoThisintegraltheoryofpoliticswasbornfromthecrisisofHellenicsocietyInanhourofcrisis,whentheorderofasocietyfloundersanddisintegrates,thefundamentalproblemsofpoliticalTHENEWSCIENCEOFPOLI~CSexistenceinhistoryaremoreapttocomeintoviewthaninperiodsofcomparativestabilityEversince,onemaysay,thecontractionofpoliticalsciencetoadescriptionofexistinginstitutionsandtheapologyoftheirprinciples,thatis,thedegradationofpoliticalsciencetoahandmaidofthepowersthatbe,hasbeentypicalforstablesituations,whileitsexpansiontoitsfullgrandeurasthescienceofhumanexistenceinsocietyandhistory,aswellasoftheprinciplesoforderingeneral,hasbeentypicalforthegreatepochsofarevolutionaryandcriticalnatureOnthelargestscaleofWesternhistorythreesuchepochsoccurredThefoundationofpoliticalsciencethroughPlatoandAristotlemarkedtheHelleniccrisisStAugustine'sCivitasDeimarkedthecrisisofRomeandChristianityandHegel'sphilosophyoflawandhistorymarkedthefirstmajorearthquakeoftheWesterncrisisTheseareonlythegreatepochsandthegreatrestorationsthemillennialperiodsbetweenthemaremarkedbyminorepochsandsecondaryrestorationsforthemodernperiod,inparticular,oneshouldrememberthegreatattemptofBodininthecrisisofthesixteenthcenturyByrestorationofpoliticalscienceismeantareturntotheconsciousnessofprinciples,notperhapsareturntothespecificcontentofanearlierattemptOnecannotrestorepoliticalsciencetodaythroughPlatonism,Augustinianism,orHegelianismMuchcanbelearned,tobesure,fromtheearlierphilosophersconcerningtherangeofproblems,aswellasconcerningtheirtheoreticaltreatmentbuttheveryhistoricityofhumanexistence,thatis,theunfoldingofthetypicalinmeaningfulconcreteness,precludesavalidreformulationofprinciplesthroughreturntoaformerconcretenessHence,politicalsciencecannotberestoredtothedignityofatheoreticalscienceinthestrictsensebymeansofaliteraryrenaissanceofphilosophicalachievementsofthepasttheprinciplesmustberegainedbyaworkoftheoretitationwhichstartsfromtheconINTRODUCTIONCrete,historicalsituationoftheage,takingintoaccountthefullamplitudeofourempiricalknowledgeFormulatedinsuchterms,thetasklooksformidableunderanycircumstancesanditmaylookhopelessinviewoftheenormousamountsofmaterialwhichtheempiricalsciencesofsocietyandhistoryputatourdispositiontodayInfact,however,thisimpressionisdeceptiveWhilethedifficultiesshouldbynomeansbeunderrated,thetaskbeginstobecomefeasibleinourtimebecauseofthepreparatoryworkthathasbeendoneduringthelasthalfcenturyFortwogenerations,now,thesciencesofmanandsocietyareengagedinaprocessofretheoretitationThenewdevelopment,slowatfirst,gainedmomentumafterthefirstWorldWarandtodayitismovingatabreathtakingspeedThetaskisapproaching,feasibilitybecause,toaconsiderableextent,itisaccomplishedthroughconvergenttheoretizationoftherelevantmaterialsinmonographicstudiesThetitlefortheselecturesonrepresentation,TheNcwScicnccofPolitics,indicatestheintentionofintroducingthereadertoadevelopmentofpoliticalsciencewhichasyetispracticallyunknowntothegeneralpublicaswellasofshowingthatthemonographicexplorationofproblemshasreachedthepointwheretheapplicationofresultstoabasictheoreticalprobleminpoliricscanatleastbeattemptedThemovementtowardretheoretitationisnottoowellknown,eitherinitsrangeorinitsaccomplishmentsAndthisisnottheoccasionforadescriptionwhich,inordertobeadequate,wouldhavetoruntoconsiderablelengthNevertheless,afewindicationsmustbegivenconcerningitscausesandintentionsinordertoanswersomeofthequestionsthatinevitablywilloccurtothereaderofthefollowinglecturesArestorationofpoliticalsciencetoitsprinciplesimpliesthattherestorativeworkisnecessarybecausetheconsciousTHENEWSCIENCEOFPOLITICSINTRODUCTIONnessofprinciplesislostThemovementtowardretheoretizationmustbeunderstood,indeed,asarecoveryfromthedestructionofsciencewhichcharacterizedthepositivisticerainthesecondhalfofthenineteenthcenturyThedestructionworkedbypositivismistheconsequenceoftwofundamentalassumptionsInthefirstplace,thesplendidunfoldingofthenaturalscienceswascoresponsiblewithotherfactorsfortheassumptionthatthemethodsusedinthemathematizingsciencesoftheexternalworldwerepossessedofsomeinherentvirtueandthatallotherscienceswouldachievecomparablesuccessiftheyfollowedtheexampleandacceptedthesemethodsastheirmodelThisbeliefbyitselfwasaharmlessidiosyncrasythatwouldhavediedoutwhentheenthusiasticadmirersofthemodelmethodsettoworkintheirownscienceanddidnotachievetheexpectedsuccessesItbecamedangerousbecauseitcombinedwiththesecondassumptionthatthemethodsofthenaturalscienceswereacriterionfortheoreticalrelevanceingeneralFromthecombinationofthetwoas""ik$wmptionsfollowedthewellknownseriesofassertionsthatahi'studyofrealitycouldqualifyasscientificonlyifitusedtheccd"methodsofthenaturalsciences,thatproblemscouchedinO'othertermswereillusionaryproblems,thatinparticularmetaphysicalquestionswhichdonotadmitofanswersbythemethodsofthesciencesofphenomenashouldnotbeasked,thatrealmsofbeingwhicharenotaccessibletoexplorationbythemodelmethodswereirrelevant,and,intheextreme,thatsuchrealmsofbeingdidnotexistThesecondassumptionistherealsourceofdangerItisthekeytotheunderstandingofpositivisticdestructiveness,andithasbyfarnotreceivedtheattentionwhichitdeservesForthissecondassumptionsubordinatestheoreticalrelevancetomethodandtherebypervertsthemeaningofscienceScienceisasearchfortruthconcerningthenatureofthevariousrealmsofbeingRelevantinscienceiswhatevercontributestothesuccessofthissearchFactsarerelevantinsofarastheirknowledgecontributestothestudyofessence,whilemethodsareadequateinsofaras

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*新书上架*【沃格林】新政治科学

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